The National for Wednesday September 13, 2017: Canadian wildlife decline, Irma, Alberta wildfire


>>Wendy: HUNDREDS OF WILDLIFE SPECIES IN CANADA ARE DYING OFF. AND FAST.>>THE FINE IS SERIOUS.>>A NEW REPORT TELLS US WHY, AND WHETHER IT CAN BE TURNED AROUND.>>>SUSAN ORMISTON WITH THE VIEW FROM FLORIDA.>>LOOK AT THE DAMAGE THAT HURRICANE IRMA BROUGHT TO THE AREA.>>Wendy: AND HOW ARE CANADIANS DOING MONEYWISE? WHO IS BETTER OFF THAN BEFORE? WHO IS NOT. WHEN CANADIANS SPEAK PROUDLY OF THEIR COUNTRY, THEY OFTEN TALK ABOUT THE RAW BEAUTY OF CANADA’S WILDERNESS AND DIVERSE WILDLIFE. TONIGHT, NEW RESEARCH SHOWS THAT WILDLIFE IS IN DEEP DECLINE. THE 45 YEAR SURVEY OF MORE THAN 900 SPECIES IN CANADA FOUND MAMMAL POPULATIONS DROPPED 43%. AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES, 34%. AND FISH POPULATIONS DROPPED 20%. THE RESEARCH ALSO IDENTIFIES THE CAUSE OF THE DECLINES. MARGOT MCDERMID HAS THE DETAILS.>>Reporter: IT IS ONE OF THE ICONIC SPECIES. A FAMILIAR SHAPE ON OUR CORNER. A SYMBOL OF VAST NORTHERN SPACES. MOST OF THE HERDS IN THE COUNTRY ARE IN SERIOUS TROUBLE. A FOUR-LEGGED FURRY CANARY IN THE COAL MINE.>>THEY REQUIRE WILDERNESS. WHEN THEY ARE MOVING OUT OF AN AREA, WE ARE LOSING THAT WILDERNESS.>>Reporter: IT IS HAPPENING A LOT ACCORDING TO THE WORLD WILDLIFE FUND OF CANADA. IT PRODUCED THE FIRST LOOK AT WILDLIFE OVER THE PAST 45 YEARS. THE NEWS IS NOT GOOD. MORE THAN HALF OF THE 903 SPECIES MONITORED ARE DECLINING FAST.>>Interview: AMONGST THOSE, THE DECLINE IS VERY SERIOUS WITH THE POPULATIONS OVER 80% ON AVERAGE BELOW WHAT THEY WERE.>>Reporter: THE PROBLEMS VARY ACROSS THE COUNTRY. ON ALL THREE COASTS, WHALES ARE IN TROUBLE. ON THE PRAIRIES, GRASSLAND BIRDS ARE DYING OFF. IN ONTARIO, AND QUEBEC, AMPHIBIANS LIKE TURTLES AND FROGS HAVE DISAPPEARED FROM PONDS AND LAKES. IN ATLANTIC CANADA, FISH POPULATIONS ARE DROPPING. SCIENTISTS SAID THERE IS A LIST OF REASONS.>>HABITAT LOSS. CONTAMINATION, PESTICIDES. INVASIVE SPECIES. CLIMATE CHANGE. AND OLDER HARVEST.>>Reporter: THE ANIMALS ARE SUPPOSED TO BE THE PROTECTED.>>MUCH DECLINE AS IS THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT.>>Reporter: THE REPORT SAID THERE ARE THINGS THAT CAN HELP. LIKE, DOING MORE RESEARCH INTO HOW WILDLIFE IS AFFECTED BY CLIMATE CHANGE. AND MOVING QUICKLY TO PROTECT ENTIRE ECOSYSTEMS, INSTEAD OF A SPECIES HERE AND THERE. AND IT WARNS, THE LONGER WE LEAVE IT, THE MORE DRAMATIC THE LOSS IN WILDLIFE WILL BE. MARGOT MCDERMID, CBC NEWS, OTTAWA.>>Wendy: LAST YEAR, THE LIVING PLANET INDEX REVEALED GLOBAL POPULATIONS OF FISH, BIRDS, MAMMALS AND AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES DECLINED 58%. A FEAR THERE COULD BE A TWO-THIRDS DECLINE BY 2020.>>>THE SHOCK OF HURRICANE IRMA MAY HAVE PASSED, BUT RECOVERY HAS BARELY BEGUN FOR MILLIONS OF PEOPLE ACROSS THE CARIBBEAN AND SOUTH FLORIDA. ESPECIALLY THE FLORIDA KEYS WHICH TOOK AN INCREDIBLE BLOW. ONLY NOW ARE SOME PEOPLE GOING BACK TO HAVE A LOOK AT WHAT IS LEFT IF ANYTHING AT ALL. SUSAN ORMISTON REPORTS FROM A REGION THAT WAS ALL BUT WIPED OUT BY THE STORM.>>Reporter: FLORIDA AT THE SOUTHERN TIP ON THE STRIP OF SMALL ISLANDS. DRIVING SOUTH, THERE IS A CLUE TO THE FURY. SOON, YOU CAN SEE HER SHEER FORCE AS THE HURRICANE RIPPED A SWATH THROUGH HERE FOUR DAYS AGO. A TRAILER PARK IN BIG PINE KEY TOOK A WALLOP. THE HOMES FLIPPED AND OPENED LIKE CANS IN THE WINDS. THIS IS BY FAR, THE WORST SUSTAINED DAMAGE WE SAW IN OUR TRIP SOUTH. THE SIZE OF IT. THE SCOPE OF IT. OTHER PLACES HAVE A LOT OF DAMAGE, BUT SOME HERE AND SOME THERE. NOT INDISCRIMINATE LIKE THIS. JUST UP THE ROAD IN MARATHON, THE WINDS WARPED STEEL. TOSSED BOATS LIKE BATHTUB TOYS. WE FIND EMBER JACKSON, A RESIDENT WHO WAITED OUT THE STORM.>>Interview: IT KEPT COMING. EVERY FEW MINUTES, YOU FEEL THE HULL OPEN.>>Reporter: SHE TOOK US TO HER PLACE THAT STAYED INTACT. ALL AROUND DESTRUCTION. THE TRAILERS ON THE CANAL, PUSHED IN. ONCE WATER SIDE HOMES SUBMERGED NOW.>>WHY DO YOU THINK YOUR HOME SURVIVED?>>Interview: I HAVE BEEN TRYING REALLY HARD TO DO THE RIGHT THING. GOD NOTICED.>>Reporter: THERE IS PLENTY OF CLEANUP WORKS, WEEKS MAYBE MONTHS. WE SAW LONG LINES OF RECOVERY WORKERS. THE ARMY. EVEN DRUG ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS FOR SECURITY. THE U.S. MILITARY IS LOADING UP CHOPPERS WITH SUPPLIES AND EQUIPMENT TO GET TO THE HARDER TO REACH SPOTS. RESCUERS ARE GOING DOOR-TO-DOOR. ONE TOLD US UNOFFICIALLY, THEY HAVE FOUND BODIES DOWN HERE. HE WOULDN’T SAY HOW MANY. THE KEY WHERE IRMA FIRST HIT, THE TWO WERE SPARED THE WORSE. YOU STAYED HERE?>>Interview: OF COURSE.>>Reporter: WERE YOU NERVOUS?>>Interview: COME ON.>>Reporter: REALLY?>>Interview: WE ARE SPIRITUAL PEOPLE. MY GUYS TOLD ME IT WOULD BE OKAY.>>Reporter: THEY SURVIVED MULTIPLE HURRICANES. AND EVEN A WINDOW TO WATCH. WITH THE FAMILY WORRIED, THEY HAVE ASKED US TO CALL.>>Interview: MY SISTER’S NUMBER IS — HER NAME IS BARB… HER NUMBER IS…>>Reporter: WE WILL DO WHAT WE CAN. WE HAVE TO LEAVE. A STRICT DUSK TO DAWN CURFEW LOCKS DOWN THE KEYS. VULNERABLE STILL. SUSAN ORMISTON, CBC NEWS, IN THE FLORIDA KEYS.>>Wendy: DESPITE THE COLOSSAL DAMAGE THROUGHOUT THE KEYS, THE U.S. HAS INCREDIBLE RESOURCES TO DRAW ON FOR CRISIS LIKE THIS. WHICH IS NOT THE CASE FOR OTHER COUNTRIES AFFECTED BY THE STORM. THE TINY ISLAND NATION OF BARBUDA WHICH IS DESERTED IS LOOKING AT A MASSIVE RECOVERY BILL. THE PRIME MINISTER WARNED IT COULD BE $350 MILLION. A DROP IN THE BUCKET BY AMERICAN STANDARDS. BUT AN ASTRONOMICAL SUM FOR A TINY POPULATION OF 1800 PEOPLE.>>>THE HUGE AND DANGEROUS WILDFIRE IN SOUTHWEST ALBERTA, ALONG THE B.C. BORDER SEEMS TO HAVE HIT THE BREAKS. IN TERMS OF GROWTH, THANKS TO LIGHT RAINS AND COOLER WEATHER. THE OFFICIALS WARN IT IS STILL CONSIDERED OUT OF CONTROL. THE FIRE HAS QUADRUPLED IN SIZE IN THREE DAYS. TO WELL OVER 400 SQUARE KILOMETRES NOW. THAT IS ABOUT FOUR TIMES THE SIZE OF LETHBRIDGE. OUR CAROLYN DUNNE HAS THE LATEST ON THE SITUATION TONIGHT.>>Reporter: OUR FIRST GLANCE OF THE BLACK AND SMOKY CRUST, THE FIRE LEFT ON SOME LAND IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. AT LEAST FIVE HOMES AND SEVERAL OTHER STRUCTURES HAVE BEEN BURNED IN AREAS TOO DANGEROUS FOR US TO GET IN TO SEE.>>Interview: AT THIS TIME, AS OF RIGHT NOW, NO OTHER HOUSES HAVE BEEN LOST. ANYBODY THAT IS STILL WONDERING SHOULD HAVE A SIGH OF RELIEF.>>Reporter: THE FIRE STARTED WITH A LIGHTNING STRIKE AND SINCE EXPLODED IN SIZE. LOCAL STATES OF EMERGENCY AND PARTIAL EVACUATIONS REMAIN IN EFFECT FOR SEVERAL AREAS. THE RESIDENTS OF THE BLOOD RESERVE, CANADA’S LARGEST RESERVE ARE TOLD IT IS SAFE FOR THEM TO RETURN HOME. BUT WATERTON LAKE NATIONAL PARK IS CLOSED. AND WHILE THE FIREFIGHTERS HAVE MANAGED TO KEEP THE TOWN SITE SAFE, THE VISITOR CENTER BURNED TO THE GROUND. SO DID MOST OF THE HEARTLAND RANCH. A 30 YEAR FAMILY BUSINESS THAT SITS ON THE BORDER OF THE PARK. OUTSIDE THE NATIONAL PARK, MUCH OF THE LAND IN THE FIRE ZONE IS AGRICULTURE. SO THERE IS SERIOUS CONCERN ABOUT THE DANGER TO LIVESTOCK. SOUTHERN ALBERTA LIVESTOCK IN NORTH McLEOD OPENED ITS GATES TO MORE THAN 100 CATTLE THAT AREA RANCHERS MANAGE TO GET OUT.>>Interview: WE HAVE TO BE GOOD PEOPLE AND HELP EVERYBODY. WHETHER ANIMAL OR HUMAN.>>Reporter: OTHER RANCHERS OPENED THE GATES, HOPING THE ANIMALS WILL MOVE TO SAFETY IF THE FIRE SPREADS. AND DESPITE A BREAK IN THE WEATHER, THAT IS A POSSIBILITY.>>Interview: WE WOULD LIKE TO STRESS THAT THE FIRE IS STILL ACTIVE. THERE ARE VERY DRY FUELS OUT THERE.>>Reporter: AFTER SEEING HEAVY SMOKE AND FIRE JUST 15 KILOMETRES FROM THEIR HOME, MURRAY AND ELAINE WHITE ARE READY TO GET OUT.>>Interview: I PACKED UP ALL MY IMPORTANT PAPER. GOT THEM IN BINS. A LITTLE BIT OF FOOD AND THINGS FOR MY ANIMALS AND THAT IS WHAT IS MOST IMPORTANT. PLUS THE HUSBAND.>>YOU WILL TAKE ME?>>YES.>>Reporter: A LITTLE HUMOUR SEEMS TO HELP WITH THE STRESS.>>Wendy: COMING UP, WHY THE TRUDEAU TAX PLAN IS FACING AN ANGRY BACKLASH, EVEN FROM HIS OWN PARTY. AND…>>Interview: PEOPLE PREFER NOT TO REMEMBER THIS PLACE.>>Wendy: SO WHY DOES THIS CANADIAN MAKE IT HER JOB NOT TO FORGET?>>>ACCORDING TO THE SYRIAN GOVERNMENT, AND ITS ALLY, RUSSIA, THE SYRIAN CIVIL WAR IS NOW IN ITS END GAME. THE GOVERNMENT IS CAPTURING MORE TERRITORY BY THE DAY. ISIS IS COLLAPSING IN THE COUNTRY. AND IN THE INTERESTS OF SHOWING WHAT MOSCOW ENGINEER LIBERATION LOOKS LIKE, RUSSIA IS TAKING JOURNALISTS ON A TOUR OF THE COUNTRY. TODAY, CBC’S CHRIS BROWN IS IN HOMS THAT SOME OF THE FIERCEST FIGHTING OF THE WAR.>>Reporter: WE ARE ON DAY TWO OF THE TOUR. THE RUSSIAN-LED TOUR OF SYRIA. THEY HAVE TAKEN US TO WHAT THEY CALL A DEESCALATION ZONE. LOOK TO THE LEFT, A VERY CHAOTIC SCENE. RUSSIAN TRUCKS WITH FOOD AND OTHER SUPPLIES PULLED IN. THERE IS A MAD DASH BY EVERYONE TO TRY TO GET WHAT THEY ARE GIVING. THIS IS A CRUCIAL POINT. WE ARE ALMOST IN NO MAN’S LAND. THIS IS LAND HELD BY THE SYRIAN GOVERNMENT AND TO MY LEFT, THE FREE SYRIAN ARMY. WHAT CAN HAPPEN HERE IS THIS IS A ZONE THAT HAS BEEN CREATED FOR PEOPLE ON BOTH SIDES TO BE ABLE TO COME AND GET ACCESS TO SOME OF THE FOOD. IT OBVIOUSLY GOT BUSY. THE RUSSIANS INVITED JOURNALISTS TO SHOW WHAT THEY ARE DOING. ON THE BATTLEFIELD AND HUMANITARIAN. WE HAVE BEEN TO THE MILITARY BASE. WE VISITED SCHOOLS. IN GENERAL, IT IS A FAIRLY STAGED EVENT. PEOPLE SAYING FAIRLY PREDICTABLE THINGS. THIS IS MUCH MORE OF AN ORGANIC UNREHEARSED EVENT.>>Wendy: IN SYRIA, GETTING THE STORY IS EXTREMELY DIFFICULT. JOURNALISTS RELY ON HARD TO VERIFY SOURCES AND AMATEUR VIDEO, OR GO THERE THEMSELVES. UNDER THE WATCHFUL EYES OF ONE SIDE OR ANOTHER. YOU HEARD CHRIS’S REPORTING FROM SYRIA WAS FACILITATED BY THE RUSSIAN GOVERNMENT. OVER MORE THAN FIVE YEARS OF CIVIL WAR, CBC AND OUR COLLEAGUES AT RADIO CANADA HAVE BEEN THERE SEVERAL TIMES TO GET DIFFERENT PIECES OF THE PUZZLE.>>Reporter: IN HOMS, WE ARE SEEING THE RISK.>>Wendy: SUSAN ORMISTON REPORTED FROM DAMASCUS WITH THE REGIME’S BLESSING BUT CAPTURED THE VIEWS OF THE OPPOSITION BY NIGHT.>>Reporter: THE SUBURB…>>Wendy: IN THE EARLY STAGE OF WHAT WAS A FULL-BLOWN CIVIL WAR, SASA PETRICIC GOT INTO THE OPPOSITION HELD SIDE OF ALEPPO.>>THE GOVERNMENT IS NOT IN A POSITION TO MOVE FORWARD, BUT IT IS HOLDING THE SSA BACK. IT IS A STALEMATE.>>Wendy: LAST YEAR, MARGARET EVANS COVERED THE SAME CITY FROM THE SYRIAN GOVERNMENT SIDE.>>Reporter: THERE IS A POCKET OF OPPOSITION SOLDIERS DUG IN. THE SYRIAN ARMED FORCES JUST TOOK THIS NEIGHBOURHOOD BACK LAST WEEK.>>Wendy: IN SYRIA, EVERY SIDE LOOKS FOR GOOD SPIN. UNSPINNING THE WAR TAKES CONTEXT AND PERSISTENCE.>>>THE CANADIAN ECONOMY MAY BE DOING BETTER THAN IT HAS FOR A LONG TIME, BUT NEITHER THE PRIME MINISTER OR THE FINANCE MINISTER HAVE BEEN ABLE TO BASK IN IT. THE CABINET RETREAT AND ECONOMICALLY DEPRESSED St. JOHN’S HAS BEEN DOMINATED BY TAX TALK. THE PLAN TO END THE CERTAIN TAX PRACTICES, THE FEAR IT WILL HURT STRUGGLING SMALL BUSINESSES, AND THE CRACKS IT IS CAUSING IN LIBERAL RANKS. DAVID COCHRANE EXPLAINS.>>Reporter: THE SIGNS OF THE RECESSION ARE OBVIOUS IN DOWNTOWN St. JOHN’S. THE LOCAL BUSINESS COMMUNITY IS WORRIED THESE TAX CHANGES WILL ONLY MAKE THINGS WORSE.>>Interview: THEY ARE ANGRY. THEY ARE WORRIED. I MEAN INDIVIDUALS ARE CONCERNED. THESE ARE SUCH WIDE SWEEPING PROPOSALS THAT ARE THERE.>>Reporter: WHILE THE GOVERNMENT PREACHES FAIRNESS, SMALL BUSINESSES WORRY ABOUT FALLOUT. THEY SAID THE TRUDEAU TAX PLAN IS SO BIG AND MOVING SO FAST, THERE IS NO WAY TO FULLY GRASP THE CONSEQUENCES OF THE CHANGES. THE FINANCE MINISTER MET WITH THEM PRIVATELY TO HEAR THE CONCERNS. IT DID NOTHING TO BRIGHT END THE MOOD.>>Interview: IT IS LIKE SOMEONE BUILT A BOAT AND THERE IS LEAKS IN IT. THEY KNOW IN ARE LEAKS AND THEY ARE PUTTING THE BOAT IN THE WATER. WHEN I GET IN THE WATER, I WILL FIGURE OUT WHERE THE LEAKS ARE. I WILL FIX THEM THEN.>>WE ARE TALKING TO CANADIANS AND LISTENING IN THE CONSULTATION PROCESS. WE THINK VERY IMPORTANT THAT IT WILL CONTINUE.>>IT IS NOT A CONSULTATION IN MY OPINION. I THINK HE VERY MUCH HAS CHECKED THE BOX TODAY THAT HE SPOKE WITH THE BUSINESS PEOPLE OF St. JOHN’S. I REALLY DON’T THINK HE LISTENED.>>Reporter: THE UNREST IS FROM INSIDE THE LIBERAL CAUCUS. THE M.P.S ARE BREAKING RANKS WITH THE CABINET. WAYNE EASTER THE LIBERAL CHAIR OF THE FINANCE COMMITTEE CALLED THE COMMUNICATIONS OF TAX PLAN GOD AWFUL. HE SAID WHO DRAFTED IT DOESN’T HAVE A CLUE ABOUT SMALL BUSINESSES. OTHER M.P.S HAVE PUBLICLY SAID THIS IS BEING RUSHED AND THE CONSULTATIONS SHOULD BE EXTENDED. THE PRIME MINISTER WOULDN’T AGREE TO THAT. HE INSISTS THE TAX REFORMS ARE NOT AS BAD AS CRITICS SAID.>>Prime Minister Justin Trudeau: OUR SUPPORT OF SMALL BUSINESSES AND THE COMMUNITIES THEY LIVE IN, OUR SUPPORT FOR THE MIDDLE CLASS REMAINS UNFLINCHING.>>Reporter: THE PROBLEM IS THAT THIS LIBERAL OUTBURST COMES AS PARLIAMENT IS SET TO RESUME. THE CONSERVATIVES WERE POISED TO HIT THE GOVERNMENT WITH THE CONCERNS OF FARMERS AND DOCTORS AND SMALL BUSINESS OWNERS. AND NOW THEY CAN HIT THEM WITH THE WORDS OF THEIR OWN M.P.S.>>Wendy: THE DEFENCE MINISTER SAID CANADA WILL NOT BE RUSHED INTO A NEW PEACEKEEPING MISSION. CLEARLY. IT HAS BEEN MORE THAN A YEAR SINCE THE GOVERNMENT COMMITTED UP TO 600 PEACEKEEPERS TO NATO. FOR THAT, CANADA GOT TO HOST A SUMMIT SCHEDULED FOR NOVEMBER. THE LACK OF MISSION IS CAUSING NO LACK OF CONFUSION AND CONCERN…>>Reporter: THE UNITED NATIONS HAS BOMBARDED CANADA WITH REQUESTS FOR U.N. PEACEKEEPERS. ENTER THE TRUDEAU GOVERNMENT. WHICH APPEARS TO BE SHOPPING FOR THE RIGHT OPPORTUNITY.>>Prime Minister Justin Trudeau: WE NEED TO MAKE SURE WE ARE DOING IT RIGHT, THAT WE ARE DOING IT IN A THOUGHTFUL WAY AND IT IS THE RIGHT MISSION.>>WHEN WE SEND TROOPS ANYWHERE, WE WANT TO MAKE SURE WE ARE MAKING THE RIGHT DECISION.>>Reporter: WHAT IS THE RIGHT MISSION. IN CHOOSING A COUNTRY, THERE SHOULD BE A PEACE TO KEEP. IF THERE IS NO PEACE, THERE MUST BE A GOOD CHANCE OF PEACE IN THE NEAR TERM. CANADA WANTS TO CONTRIBUTE TO PEACE AND SECURITY. NOT SIMPLY BABYSIT A CIVIL WAR. LAST SPRING, CBC NEWS OBTAINED AN INTERNAL D AND D MAP. MALI WAS THE SUBJECT OF ASKS. IT REMAINS ON A TRAJECTORY TOWARD GREATER VIOLENCE AND WIDENING INSTABILITY. IN THE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC, LASTING PEACE IS SOME WAY OFF. THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO, PROSPECTS FOR A PEACEFUL TRANSFER OF POWER LOOK REMOTE. HAVING SOME KIND OF PLAN FOR PEACE ON THE WAY IS PARAMOUNT TO THE SUCCESS OF PEACEKEEPING MISSIONS. ACCORDING TO SOMEONE WHO HAS BEEN THERE.>>Interview: YOU DON’T SEND TROOPS OR FORCES OR EVEN CONSIDER PEACEKEEPING UNLESS YOU HAVE A POLITICAL CONSIDERATION IN PLACE.>>IN REGARDS TO PEACEKEEPING, WE WILL CONTINUE TO REFLECT ON THE BEST WAY TO DO IT.>>Reporter: THAT MAY BE. ONE EXPERT SAID THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY HAS SHRUGGED AND MOVED ON, GERMANY AND FRANCE AND BRITAIN STEPPING IN THE VOID CANADA WAS SUPPOSED TO FILL.>>Interview: IT WAS A MISTAKE TO MAKE A REALLY STRONG AND HIGH PROFILE PROMISE OF PEACEKEEPERS WITHOUT KNOWING HOW TO IMPLEMENT IT.>>Reporter: RICHARD GOWEN SAID ALL OF THE DITHERING HAS NOT COST CANADA A SHOT AT THE U.N. SECURITY COUNCIL SEAT. THE DEPLOYMENT, WHEN IT COMES, LIKELY WILL NOT BE AS GREAT AS WHAT IT COULD HAVE BEEN.>>Wendy: A 35-YEAR-OLD R.C.M.P. OFFICER WAS KILLED LAST NIGHT TRYING TO DO A GOOD DEED. CONSTABLE FRANK DESCHESNES STOPPED ON A HIGHWAY IN NEW BRUNSWICK TO HELP TWO PEOPLE FILL A TIRE. THE OFFICER DIED AT THE SCENE. THE TWO PEOPLE HE WAS HELPING AND THE DRIVER OF THE THIRD VEHICLE WERE TAKEN TO HOSPITAL, TREATED AND RELEASED. IT IS NOT CLEAR IF CHARGES WILL BE LAID IN THE CASE.>>>STRAIGHT AHEAD ON “THE NATIONAL” A CANADIAN PREMIER TESTIFIES AT A BRIBERY TRIAL. ♪ [ CBC News theme ] [whoosh] John Lennon is here
in Canada selling peace. He is here in the studio
tonight, along with Yoko and Rabbi
Abraham Feinberg, from Holy
Blossom Temple. John, you’ve been terribly
flattering to Canada since you’ve been
around this week. Vice
versa. Lloyd : And I was just wondering
how you can define that strain that seems to run through
our national character? We say we have an inferiority
complex in this country, what is it
about Canada, why is the peace
movement being held here? I… You know, it’s like beyond
me the ins and outs of it. Why we’re here doing these
things in Canada. I can say
things like, “I know Canada wants to talk to
China” and all those things, but they’re not
exactly the point. It’s something
else… I can’t
define it. Yoko: Probably it was
meant to be like that. We can only say it’s
meant to be. But we came to Montréal,
first time, for the bed-in
by mistake. You know,
I mean… I don’t want
to be insulting but it happened by mistake,
we ended up in Montréal. Lloyd: How by mistake?
You mean — Well, originally were planning
to go to one place, and then we ended up
in the Bahamas. And then from the Bahamas we
headed to Toronto and ended up
in Canada. And our plan… We didn’t
have a plan. We ended up in
Montréal doing a bed-in. Yoko:
By chance. By
chance. And then we met a lot
of nice people, you know. And of course we meet
millions of people – Canada is the first country that
we have been given help… ..with our
movement. Every other… Most people that approach
us want something. Canada is the first place that
has given us something. For instance, the media
and the press treat us as human
beings. Feinberg: Quite right.
Yoko: Yeah. Which is — I’m astonished. I’m not
used to it. We’re very thankful
about that. We have always been or at least
we’ve considered ourselves to be a peace loving nation
and mediators to some extent. I’d like to know why
you wouldn’t choose a place where war
is going on right now? Or where there
is a dispute in progress? Vietnam?
The Middle East? Because Canada chose us
as much as we chose Canada. [whoosh] ♪ [ CBC News theme ] [♪♪♪]>>Wendy: THE PREMIER OF THE BIGGEST PROVINCE IN THE COUNTRY WAS A WITNESS IN A BRIBERY TRIAL TODAY. ONTARIO’S KATHLEEN WYNNE TOOK THE STAND IN THE TRIAL OF TWO LIBERAL PARTY OPERATIVES. THE CROWN ALLEGES THEY OFFERED BRIBES TO TWO WOULD-BE LIBERAL CANDIDATES. ONE THEY WANTED TO RUN IN A BYELECTION AND ONE THEY WANTED TO STEP ASIDE. JAMES MURRAY HAS MORE ON WHAT WYNNE SAID.>>Reporter: HARD TO BELIEVE THAT THIS WAS ANY KIND OF GOOD MORNING FOR THE ONTARIO PREMIER. SHOWING UP TO TESTIFY AT THE TRIAL OF TWO TRUSTED POLITICAL ADVISORS. CONFRONTED UNDER OATH ABOUT RECORDED BACK ROOM CONVERSATIONS. ONE INVOLVING JERRY LOUGHEED. A FUNDRAISER FROM A SUDBURY FAMILY SO WEALTHY AND WELL KNOWN, THEIR NAME IS ON THE SIDE OF THE CITY’S HOSPITAL. HERE IS LOUGHEED WITH ANDREW OLIVIER WHO WANTED TO RUN IN A BYELECTION FOR THE LIBERALS, AND WAS ABOUT TO BE TOLD NO.>>THEY WOULD LIKE TO PRESENT TO YOU OPTIONS IN TERMS OF APPOINTMENTS, JOBS, WHATEVER.>>Reporter: ALSO THE PHONE CALL WITH PAT SORBARA, THE DEPUTY CHIEF OF STAFF. IT WAS RECORDED TOO. TODAY IN COURT, FACING QUESTIONS FROM THE CROWN, WYNNE WAS ASKED HAS SHE HEARD THE RECORDINGS. WYNNE TESTIFIED… UNDER CROSS-EXAMINATION, SHE WAS ASKED ABOUT HER OWN DEALINGS WITH THE MAN. THE OTHER BRIBERY CHARGE IN THE TRIAL INVOLVES ARRANGING JOBS FOR FEDERAL N.D.P. M.P. GLEN THIBAULT’S STAFFER. HE WAS CONSIDERING TO CHANGE PARTIES AND RUNNING PROVINCIALLY FOR THE LIBERALS. THE CROWN WHETHER SHE SHOOK HANDS WITH HIM MAKING THAT DEAL. I DON’T RECALL THAT, NO. THE DETAILS, SHE SAID, SHE LEFT UP TO PAT SORBARA. SHE DID NOT DISCUSS THE SPECIFICS WITH ME.>>I WANTED TO BE HERE, TO BE AS OPEN AS POSSIBLE. I HAVE SAID EVERYTHING THAT I HAD TO SAY IN THE COURTROOM TODAY.>>Reporter: WHICH WILL NOT STOP WYNNE’S POLITICAL OPPONENTS FROM ASKING ABOUT THIS CASE FROM NOW UNTIL THE NEXT PROVINCIAL ELECTION. EXPECTED IN JUNE. JAMES MURRAY, CBC NEWS, SUDBURY, ONTARIO.>>Wendy: WHAT IS PRO FOOTBALL WITHOUT FULL CONTACT PRACTICES? CANADIAN. TODAY, THE CFL AND ITS PLAYERS ASSOCIATION ANNOUNCED SOME SIGNIFICANT CHANGES TO REDUCE THE RISK OF INJURY. CAMERON MacINTOSH REPORTS.>>Reporter: THIS IS HOME OF THE WINNIPEG BLUE BOMBERS. THEY PLAY THE HOME GAMES HERE AND WHERE THEY PRACTICE. THE PRACTICES ARE ABOUT TO CHANGE. FULL CONTACT DURING PRACTICE IS NOW BANNED. AS THE LEAGUE TRIES TO REDUCE CONCUSSIONS AND OTHER INJURIES. PREVIOUSLY THEY WERE ALLOWED 17 FULL CONTACT PRACTICES A SEASON. ONE PER WEEK. FOR YEARS, THE CFL HAS BEEN CRITICIZED FOR NOT TAKING SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE SHOWING THE LONG-TERM NEGATIVE HEALTH EFFECTS OF CONCUSSIONS SERIOUSLY ENOUGH. THE NEW APPOINTED COMMISSIONER AND FORMER PLAYER RANDY AMBROSIE SAID THE LEAGUE WANTS TO BE A LEADER WITH PLAYER SAFETY.>>Interview: THE GAME IS ALWAYS GOING TO EVOLVE. THERE WILL ALWAYS BE SOMETHING WE DID NOT KNOW BEFORE THAT WE KNOW NOW. THERE ALWAYS SHOULD BE AN EMPHASIS ON MAKING THESE IMPROVEMENTS WHERE WE CAN.>>Reporter: THE LEAGUE IS STRETCHING THE SCHEDULE TO 19 WEEKS. TO ALLOW PLAYERS AN EXTRA WEEK OFF DURING THE SEASON. THE MOVES ARE MET POSITIVELY BY THE CFL PLAYERS AND COACHES.>>Interview: FOOTBALL IS A CONTACT SPORT. TODAY, YOU KNOW, THE KNOWLEDGE THAT WE KNOW, THE PREVENTION THAT WE KNOW, YOU KNOW, THE EQUIPMENT IS SO MUCH BETTER. THE RULES ARE SO MUCH BETTER.>>Reporter: THE CANADIAN CONCUSSION SAID THIS IS A GOOD IDEA BY AVOIDING UNNECESSARY HITS IN PRACTICE, CONCUSSIONS WILL BE AVOIDED AND SAID THIS IS AN EXAMPLE TO A new disease with
some old familiar symptoms has struck teenage
girls around the world. The disease is called
“Duranitis” and the symptoms are screaming,
swooning, and tears of ecstasy. It strikes
whenever the British rock band,
Duran Duran appears. This week thousands of Calgary
teenagers fell victim when Duran Duran opened its North
American tour in that city. Marion Coomey
reports. ♪ ♪ ♪ Stalked in the forest ♪ ♪ Too close to hide ♪ ♪ I’ll be upon you by
the moonlight side ♪ ♪ Do do do do do do
dodo dododo dodo ♪ Coomey:
Simon, Andy, Nick, John, and Roger. are Duran Duran,
a popular British rock group. They’ve been dubbed,
“the Fab Five,” but such comparisons to
the Beatles aren’t because the music
is similar, it’s because of
the girls ♪ ♪ [cheering; screaming] I love
John. [excited chatter; screams] I love
John. They’re the best
and the cutest. Ever since there has been
music aimed at young people there have
been screaming fans. They swooned over
Frank Sinatra in the 40s. ♪ Are the one ♪ [screaming] ♪ [ Twist and Shout
by the Beatles ] In the 60s fans created a
new word, Beatlemania, for their love of John,
Paul, George, and Ringo. ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ Today they’re
called Duranies. They are very, very
dedicated to us. And they hang around in hotels
waiting for us to come down. And follow us when we go out
shopping, things like that. We most certainly have
a lot of young fans I wouldn’t swap them for
anything in the world. What’s wrong with
14-year-old girls? 15-year-old Laurie Evans and
17-year-old Julia Kim are are dedicated
Duran Duran fans. They’ve read every article
ever written on their idols. Laurie’s room is full of:
posters, pictures, buttons, all the records,
even Duran Duran shoes. I used to think that people who
had posters and listened to and bought all the albums,
were a little bit spinny, and not quite in
touch with reality, and were
groupies. But then when Duran Duran came
along it didn’t seem like that. I’m not quite sure
why actually. Because I’m supposed to be
the stable type, not go crazy over
Duran Duran or you know… Do you think it makes you
seem unstable because really like
a rock group? They’re seeing
the other side of me. More than 8,000
Duran Duran fans, most of them
under 18, went to the Olympic
Saddledome to hear what the band calls their
“music without a message.” They willingly lined up
to buy $25 sweatshirts and other souvenirs
and then pushed their way into $15 seats
to await their heroes. [cheering; screaming] Ladies and gentlemen
of Canada. [cheering; screaming] Here in
Calgary tonight is the beginning of
our North American tour. Do you get tired of
being associated with they’re five
great looking guys? I think,
sometimes, I’ve got a little bit more to
offer than just that. Some rock critics say that
to become a long-term success Duran Duran will have
to change its image as a teeny
bopper group. But for now they remain young,
good-looking, clean-cut, well-dressed, musically-adept,
full of catchy danceable tunes – the stuff teen
fantasies are made of. Possibly
the best concert in the history of
civilization as we know it Okay. It was
awesome. It was
unbelievable. And Simon Le Bon
is so gorgeous it isn’t
even funny.>>Interview: SOME PEOPLE PREFER NOT TO REMEMBER THIS PLACE BECAUSE IT MAY REMIND THEM OF HORRIBLE MEMORIES THAT PEOPLE DON’T WANT TO REMEMBER.>>Reporter: SHE MADE IT HER JOB TO ENSURE LATVIANS DO NOT FORGET THEIR PAST, ESPECIALLY WITH ALL THAT IS HAPPENING NOW. IN 2014, RUSSIA TOOK BACK CRIMEA FROM UKRAINE. WHICH MOST OF THE WORLD SAW AS ILLEGAL. THE MILITARY INTERVENED IN EASTERN UKRAINE. A MOVE THAT CREATED ANXIETY IN THE BALTICS, OVER RUSSIA ONCE AGAIN. SO LATVIA CALLED ON NATO FOR HELP. 450 CANADIAN TROOPS ARRIVED OVER THE SUMMER. AND SET UP A BASE OUTSIDE OF RIYADH.>>Interview: WHAT HAPPENED IN 2014 WITH THE AGGRESSIVE ACTIONS OF RUSSIA, CRIMEA, THE HEADS OF STATE OF NATO NATIONS DECIDED TO PUT SOLDIERS ON THE GROUND WHICH IS, I THINK, THE MOST CLEAR MESSAGE IT COULD SEND THAT WE ARE COMMITTED TOGETHER IN AN ALLIANCE TO DEFEND OURSELVES AND OUR ALLIES.>>Reporter: THE CANADIANS THOUGH HAVE ARRIVED IN A COUNTRY, STILL DIVIDED OVER RUSSIA AND ITS ROLE IN LATVIA’S PAST. CANADA LATVIAN HOSTS HAVE A COMPLICATED RELATIONSHIP WITH RUSSIA. MORE THAN A THIRD OF THE COUNTRY SPEAKS RUSSIAN. AND HAS RUSSIAN LOYALTIES. THERE IS NO CONSENSUS HERE ON WHAT TO CALL THAT LONG PERIOD OF SOVIET RULE. MOST DO CALL IT AN OCCUPATION. MANY OTHERS PREFER MORE THAN BENIGN TERMS. SUCH AS INCORPORATION. FOR THIS WOMAN, THERE IS NO AMBIGUITY.>>Interview: THIS PLACE WAS PACKED. CELLS FOR ONE PERSON HAD 6 OR 7.>>Reporter: THE KGB BUILDING IS PRESERVED FOR PART OF WHAT IS CALLED THE MUSEUM OF OCCUPATION.>>Interview: IT WAS CLEARLY AN OCCUPATION WHEN IT BEGAN. THE SOVIETS CAME IN IN 1940, SAYING THEY WERE LIBERATING LATVIA FROM THE GOVERNMENT AND RETURNED IN 1944 TO SAY THEY WERE LIBERATING LATVIA FROM NAZI OCCUPIERS. LIBERATEORS USUALLY GO HOME. THEY NEVER WENT HOME.>>Reporter: SINCE CRIMEA, THERE HAS BEEN A NOTICEABLE RAMPING UP OF OCCASION REMEMBERING THE DARK SOVIET TIMES. THIS CEREMONY PAYS TRIBUTE TO THE VICTIMS OF THE MOST EGREGIOUS CRIMES, THE DEPORTATION OF 15,000 LATVIANS IN SIBERIA IN 1941. THOSE HORRORS ARE DEPICTED IN A POWERFUL NEW FILM. THE CHRONICLES OF MELANIE TELLS THE TRUE STORY OF A LATVIAN WOMAN IN 1941. TRANSPORTED THOUSANDS OF KILOMETRES BY TRAIN AND THEN SENT OFF INTO THE WILDERNESS. IT PORTRAYS APPALLING CONDITIONS THAT THEY LIVED IN AND THE WOMEN’S FIGHT AVOID STARVATION AND DEATH. IT WAS A NIGHTMARE EXPERIENCE THAT THIS WOMAN LIVED THROUGH HERSELF. NOW, 88 YEARS OLD, HER MEMORIES OF HAVING HER LIFE RIPPED APART ARE IN INCREDIBLY SHARP. I’M AFRAID EVEN NOW OF RUSSIA, SHE SAID. BECAUSE THEY THINK LATVIA IS THEIR’S. IN 1941, WHEN THE SOVIETS MOVED INTO LATVIA, GERCA WAS 11 YEARS OLD. HER FATHER AN INFLUENTIAL BUSINESSMAN WAS ON THE COUNCIL. THAT FACT MADE HIM A POTENTIAL THREAT TO STALIN’S REGIME. [Voice of interpreter]: WE WERE GIVEN TWO HOURS TO PACK AND TO BRING AS MUCH AS WE COULD CARRY.>>Reporter: HER SIBLINGS AND MOTHER WERE SEPARATED FROM THEIR FATHER AND SENT THOUSANDS OF KILOMETRES FROM HOME. THEY WERE LEFT TO FEND FOR THEMSELVES IN A COLLECTIVE FARM THAT COULD BARELY GROW ANYTHING. HER FATHER WAS SHOT. SHE SAID HER MOTHER STARVED TO DEATH SO HER CHILDREN COULD EAT HER MEAGRE FOOD RATIONS. [Voice of interpreter]: MY MOTHER DIED IN THE WINTER. WE LIVED BECAUSE WE WERE BROUGHT TO AN ORPHANAGE.>>Reporter: AT AN ORPHANAGE, SHE GOT ENOUGH FOOD TO SURVIVE. AND IN 1946, SHE RETURNED TO LATVIA. NOW, SHE SAID, SHE TELLS HER STORY HOPING THAT LATVIA WILL NEVER EXPERIENCE A RUSSIAN OCCUPATION AGAIN. [Voice of interpreter]: UNFORTUNATELY WE CANNOT RELY ON RUSSIA. YOU CAN’T TRUST WHAT THEY SAY.>>Reporter: ETHNIC LATVIANS MAKE UP TWO-THIRDS OF THE POPULATION. RUSSIA IS AN OCCUPIER, IT IS HOW MOST PEOPLE SEE IT. ETHNIC RUSSIANS LIVE HERE TOO. THE RUSSIAN MEDIA AND CULTURE IS PART OF EVERYTHING. THIS IS A STUNNING BEACH SIDE COMMUNITY ABOUT 45 MINUTES OUTSIDE OF REGA ON THE BALTICS. IN SOVIET TIMES, IT WAS A FAVOURITE HOLIDAY DESTINATION FOR MOSCOW’S ELITE. IT REMAINS POPULAR WITH LATVIA’S ETHNIC RUSSIAN POPULATION. THE PEOPLE SUCH AS THIS MAN. [Voice of interpreter]: WHAT IS THE OCCUPATION REALLY? LATVIA WAS ONE OF THE SOVIET REPUBLICS. PEOPLE CONSIDERED IT TO BE PRACTICALLY LIKE BEING IN A FOREIGN COUNTRY. THEY WERE WORSE OFF IN RUSSIA THAN LATVIA. IF IT WAS AN OCCUPATION, IT SHOULD HAVE BEEN WORSE HERE, RIGHT? NOT THE OPPOSITE.>>Reporter: WE SPOKE TO ELDER AND HIS FRIENDS WHO ARE RUSSIAN SPEAKING LATVIANS, HE SAID THAT WHILE MANY BELIEVE THE SOVIET ERA WAS REPRESSIVE, IT WAS NOT. [Voice of interpreter]: NOW, NATO IS HERE. THIS IS A TYPE OF OCCUPATION IN ITS OWN WAY. PEOPLE FROM ANOTHER COUNTRY WHERE THEIR ARMY COME TO YOUR LAND AND START TO DICTATE HOW TO DO THINGS. MAYBE 90 YEARS THEY WILL CALL THIS AN OCCUPATION TOO.>>Reporter: HE OFFERED THIS INSIGHT INTO CANADA’S ROLE HERE. [Voice of interpreter]: IN CANADA, IT IS MUCH SIMPLER, IT IS INDEPENDENT. IT IS IN A TERRITORY NO ONE IS PLANNING TO OCCUPY. IF CANADA WANTED TROOPS TO COME FROM FRANCE OR LATVIA, I DON’T THINK THE PEOPLE OF CANADA WOULD LOOK AT THIS POSITIVELY.>>Reporter: RUSSIA WANTS TO DESTABILIZE THE NATO MISSION. THIS IS A PROPAGANDA EFFORT. A SARCASTIC VOICE SAYS RUSSIA OCCUPIED THE BALTIC COUNTRIES AND BUILT POWER PLANTS AND CREATED LUXURIES FOR THOSE WHO LIVED THERE. AFTER THE RUSSIANS LEFT, IT SAYS MANY LATVIANS CLEAN TOILETS FOR OTHER EUROPEANS. IN LATVIA, SUCH THOUGHT HAS BEEN FOUND. ALL THE MORE REASON, LATVIA’S PRESIDENT TOLD US, TO HAVE CANADIANS HERE.>>IT IS IMPORTANT THAT CANADIANS TROOPS AND OTHER TROOPS OF NATO FORCES SEND A VERY STRONG SIGNAL TO OUR SOCIETY THAT WE ARE NOT ALONE. AND A STRONG SIGNAL TO OUR NEIGHBOUR THAT WE ARE READY FOR EVERYTHING.>>Reporter: IN THE OLD KGB BUILDING, THERE IS A BOOK AND CONTAINS THE NAMES OF TENS OF THOUSANDS OF LATVIANS ARRESTED OR DEPORTED BY THE SOVIETS.>>THAT IS MY GRANDFATHER’S BROTHER.>>Reporter: THE NAME OF SOME OF THIS WOMAN’S RELATIVES ARE IN THERE. THE DISCUSSION OF HOW TO CHARACTERIZE RUSSIA’S ROLE IS PERSONAL.>>Interview: IT MAKES US FORGET THE TERRIBLE THINGS THAT HAPPENED IN OUR LIFE. THERE ARE SOME PEOPLE WHO ARE NOSTALGIC FOR THE SOVIET ERA. THEY WERE NOT THE PEOPLE WHO SPENT TIME HERE.>>Reporter: THE STEEL DOORS, AND RAZOR WIRE REPRESENT THE WORST OF THE SOVIET EXPERIENCE IN LATVIA. WHETHER IT IS THE WAY LATVIANS SHOULD SEE RUSSIA NOW, CONTINUES TO DIVIDE THIS PLACE. CHRIS BROWN, CBC NEWS, IN REGA, LATVIA.>>Wendy: NEXT, THE LATEST LOOK AT HOW CANADIANS’ INCOMES ARE FAIRING AND WHO SHOULD BE CO ♪ ♪ It has been a wet and deadly 36 hours in North Eastern
Québec. Reporter: All day local radio
has been warning people in dozens of specific areas
to leave their homes. And if they can’t drive out, signal helicopters
flying overhead so they can be flown out. At least seven people are dead. Several more are missing, and thousands more have been
forced to flee. Reporter: A minister
in the Québec government described the situation
in this region as apocalyptic, catastrophic. For more than a day,
torrents of water have crashed through
villages, towns and cities, taking houses, in some cases
entire buildings, with it. Reporter: Like clockwork, every five minutes
a helicopter lands, bringing refugees
from the flood. These people are from
Grande-Baie. It was terrible. Like hell. Reporter: This is what
they’re escaping. Hundreds of homes
drowning in mud, hanging by a thread, or giving in to
the relentless river. [screaming] No one knows how many bridges
and roads have collapsed, and the landmarks wiped out. This old pulp mill re-opened as
a museum just two weeks ago. Now it’s a
$6 million write-off. Reporter: This disaster is
unprecedented in Canada and so is the relief fund, the largest ever collected
by the Red Cross. The money has come from people
all over the country, and this region knows it. Reporter:
Same with the destruction. The cars buried under mud. The homes swept out
in to the river. Whole neighbourhoods gone. That one house with the now
famous foundation that, alone, resisted. Things people here
will never forget. Their disaster
and the charity of others. Good evening. It’s official now. The F-18A has won the fighter
plane contract. Reporter: The winning McDonnell
Douglas 18A will cost $15 million a copy, and is almost certain to be
a highly controversial buy. Reporter: General Dynamics,
makers of the F-16 and the losing company
in this competition, has issued a statement saying
the benefits it offered were higher than the government
gave it credit for and that the price of the plane
the government has bought will go up because of continued
problems with it. Reporter:
For all of its weaponry, the toughest battle the F-18
Hornet may ever have to face is the barrage of poor
publicity it’s now attracting. Its costs have been climbing
and some media reports have described the Hornet
as a lemon. Earlier this year, the US
General Accounting Office blasted the plane. It was
nearly a tonne overweight, its undercarriage was faulty, it had problems of drag, reduced engine thrust, range, and its acceleration was below
specifications. Reporter: Canada now has
nearly 40 of them and expects to buy 100 more. Each of them costs
$30 to $40 million. Today it was revealed
that the CF-18 and its American cousins
in the United States Navy have the same problem. Cracks have started to appear
in the tail section when the fighter does
the combat maneuvers it was designed to do. It’s a relatively minor problem.
It’s one that is readily identifiable,
the cause is known. Reporter:
This latest fault is sure to add to the criticisms of
those people who felt that Canada should have bought many
more of a competing air craft. A fighter that came with
a much lower price tag. ♪ ♪ [♪♪♪]>>Wendy: FEWER LITTLE KIDS LIVING IN POVERTY. HOUSEHOLD INCOMES EDGING UP. SOUNDS LIKE GOOD NEWS. CENSUS DATA RELEASED TODAY PRESENTS A MIXED REALITY FOR CANADIANS. RON CHARLES REPORTS.>>Reporter: THIS MAY BE HER BEST CHANCE TO GET HER LIFE ON TRACK. THE 25-YEAR-OLD SINGLE MOTHER DEALS WITH MENTAL HEALTH ISSUES. LIVES IN A SHELTER AND HAD TO LEAVE HER TWO CHILDREN IN THE CARE OF RELATIVES. SHE IS IN JOB START TO LEARN JOB HUNTING SKILLS AND POSSIBLY LAND A 12 WEEK PAID PLACEMENT.>>Interview: IT HAS BEEN VERY DIFFICULT. I HAVE BEEN STRUGGLING FOR A YEAR OR SO.>>Reporter: NEW CENSUS NUMBERS MAY GIVE HER HOME. SOME FAMILIES HAVE BEEN ABLE TO PULL THEMSELVES OUT OF POVERTY. THE PERCENTAGE OF CHILDREN UNDER 5 YEARS OF AGE LIVING BELOW THE LOW INCOME CUT OFF FELL BETWEEN 2005 AND 2015. DOWN FROM 18.8% TO 17.8%. THE STAFF AT THE UNITED WAY CHARITY, THE AGENCY THAT RUNS JOB START HAS NOT SEEN A REDUCTION IN DEMAND.>>Interview: WHAT IS SHOWING STATISTICS WISE HAS NOT CHANGED, I DON’T THINK THE REALITY OF CLIENTS COMING IN, EXHIBITING OR LETTING US KNOW WHAT THE NEEDS ARE AND WHAT THE REALITY IS.>>Reporter: STILL, THE CENSUS NUMBERS SUGGEST CANADIANS ARE MAKING MORE MONEY AT MANY DIFFERENT INCOME LEVELS. THE MEDIAN HOUSEHOLD INCOME INCREASED BY ALMOST 11% FROM ABOUT $63,000 IN 2005 TO JUST OVER $70,000 IN 2015. AGAIN, THAT HAS NOT DECREASED DEMAND FOR HELP. FOOD SHARE IS A NON-PROFIT AGENCY THAT TRIES TO GET FRESH FARM PRODUCE AT A GOOD PRICE INTO THE HANDS OF PEOPLE WHO OFTEN DON’T HAVE ACCESS TO IT. THAT INCLUDES STUDENTS OF MORE THAN 800 TORONTO SCHOOLS AND FAMILIES LIVING FAR FROM GROCERY STORES.>>Interview: THE FAMILIES ARE TRYING TO NEGOTIATE WHAT TO DO WITH THE LIMITED INCOME THEY HAVE, THE BEST WE CAN DO IS PROVIDE THEM WITH VERY BEAUTIFUL, AFFORDABLE PRODUCE.>>Reporter: THE FOOD SHARE COMMUNITY MARKET IN DOWNTOWN TORONTO IS ONE OF THE PLACES WHERE PEOPLE WITH LIMITED INCOMES CAN GET FRESH FOOD AND HOLD ON TO SOME OF THAT BADLY-NEEDED MONEY. RON CHARLES, CBC NEWS, TORONTO.>>Wendy: LET’S BRING IN JACQUELINE HANSEN TO DIG DEEPER INTO THE NUMBERS. WHAT DOES THE DATA TELL US?>>IT SHOWS THAT INCOME WISE, MORE ARE FALLING INTO THE LOW INCOME BRACKET. THAT JUMPED OUT AT US. BECAUSE WE HEAR THIS GENERATION OF SENIORS REFERRED TO AS SOME OF THE MOST WEALTHIEST SENIORS EVER. IF YOU LOOK AT THE LOW INCOME HOUSEHOLDS ACROSS THE POPULATION, YOU WILL SEE THAT THOSE — FOR THOSE AGED 65 AND OVER, THE PROPORTION OF LOW INCOME HAS GONE UP. FROM 12% TO 14.5% IN 2015. THE NUMBERS DO NOT NECESSARILY TELL THE WHOLE STORY. I SPOKE WITH AN ANALYST AND HE POINTED OUT THAT MANY SENIORS LIVE ON A FIXED INCOME. SOME IS TIED TO INFLATION. BUT HE IS NOT NECESSARILY SURPRISED THAT THOSE INCOMES WOULD NOT BE ABLE TO KEEP UP WITH THE PACK. I DID SPEAK WITH ANOTHER EXPERT WHO SAID THERE IS REASON FOR CONCERN IN THIS. THAT IS BECAUSE MANY SENIORS, MANY MORE SENIORS ARE CONTINUING TO WORK. TWICE AS MANY AS IN THE ’80s. SOME INCOMES ARE GOING UP, IT IS ALSO POTENTIALLY LEAVING SOME BEHIND.>>Wendy: TELL US ABOUT PERSONAL EXPERIENCE.>>Interview: I SPOKE TO A WOMAN WHO IS 68 YEARS OLD AND CANNOT RETIRE SOON SHE SAID BECAUSE SHE HAS NOT SAVED ENOUGH MONEY. SHE SPENT SOME OF HER TIME ADVOCATING FOR OTHER SENIORS. SHE IS ALSO REALLY CONCERNED ABOUT HER OWN FUTURE.>>Interview: PEOPLE ARE AFRAID MORE AND MORE RUNNING OUT OF MONEY. IT TAKES A LOT OF MONEY TO LIVE. AND IF YOU ARE NOT EARNING MONEY AND YOU HAVE TO THE SAVED ENOUGH AND THE COSTS ARE NOT GOING DOWN, THEY ARE GOING UP, THEN IT HEIGHTENS THE SCARE FACTOR. WHAT WILL HAPPEN TO ME IN 20 YEARS?>>Reporter: HER MOM IS 97. SO WHILE HER FAMILY, YOU KNOW, THAT IS REASON FOR THEM TO CELEBRATE FOR ADEENA AND OTHERS LIKE HER, THAT EXTRA TIME IS ALSO FINANCIALLY DAUNTING.>>Wendy: INTERESTING. THANK YOU.>>Wendy: WHEN WE COME BACK, REMEMBERING A MAN DESCRIBED BY JUSTIN TRUDEAU AS ONE OF THE VERY FINEST MINISTERS EVER TO SERVE THIS COUNTRY.>>TOMORROW ON THE CURRENT, AUTHOR AND JOURNALIST MALCOLM GLADWELL SAID IN POLITICAL UPHEAVAL, IT IS TIME TO RE-EXAMINE OUR APPROACH TO HISTORY. MY GUEST ON THE CURRENT, WEEKDAYS AT 8:30 ON CBC RADIO 1. [theme music] [funky jazz] Tuesday comedy lineup, starts September 26th at 8:00 on CBC.>>Okay. See you! ♪ [humming] [bell chimes] [sighs]>>UNIVERSAL PUBLIC MEDICARE IS MAYBE OUR PROUDEST ACHIEVEMENT OF OUR COUNTRY. IT WAS THE DREAM OF MANY OF US FOR MANY YEARS AND THE WORK OF MANY MORE. IN 1966 WHEN PRIME MINISTER PEARSON NEEDED SOMEONE TO ACTUALLY MAKE IT HAPPEN, TO DESIGN THE LEGISLATION TO MAKE IT HAPPEN AND TO GET IT THROUGH A MINORITY PARLIAMENT, HE TURNED TO ALAN JAY. FOR THAT AND FOR SO MANY OTHER THINGS, CANADA IS A BETTER COUNTRY BECAUSE HE WAS IN IT. AND HE SERVED IT. MAY HE REST IN PEACE.>>Wendy: THE PRIME MINISTER TODAY SPEAKING ABOUT ALLEN J MacEACHEN. AFTER A MOMENT OF SILENCE WAS HELD IN HIS MEMORY. HE IS REMEMBERED AS A SKILLED POLITICIAN WHO BELIEVED GOVERNMENT SHOULD SERVE THE PUBLIC GOOD, AS WELL AS AS A COAL MINER’S SON WHO NEVER FORGOT WHO HE CAME FROM. TOM MURPHY LOOKS BACK AT HIS LIFE.>>Reporter: TO SAY HE HAD POLITICAL LONGEVITY, IS AN UNDER STATEMENT. IN HIS 40 PLUS YEARS IN POLITICS, HE WON 10 ELECTIONS. HE HELD MANY OF THE BIG CABINET POSTS.>>THE MEDICARE PROGRAM ON JULY 1ST, 1968.>>Reporter: PERHAPS THE PROUDEST ACCOMPLISHMENT, THE INTRODUCTION OF NATIONAL MEDICARE. HE MADE A RUN FOR THE FEDERAL LIBERAL LEADERSHIP.>>BACKS PIERRE TRUDEAU.>>Reporter: DROPPING OFF THE BALLOT TO SUPPORT PIERRE TRUDEAU. KNOWN FOR BEHIND THE SCENES, MacEACHEN WAS PART OF THE OLD AGE SECURITY ACT. HE WAS MINISTER OF FINANCE IN THE EARLY 1980s. THE DAYS OF HIGH INTEREST RATES AND HIGH INFLATION. HIS POLICY OF WAGE RESTRAINTS PROVED TO BE UNPOPULAR.>>I AM NOT ASKING THE PROVINCES TO DO MORE IN INTEREST OF RESTRAINT THAN I AM ASKING THE GOVERNMENT OF CANADA.>>Reporter: TO CAPE BRETON, HE WAS THE GODFATHER. IN AN ERA OF BRING HOME THE BACON POLITICS, HE THRIVED.>>I GET THE GREATEST SATISFACTION WHEN I AM BACK IN MY CONSTITUENCY.>>Reporter: IN THE DYING DAYS OF COAL AND STEEL, MacEACHEN BROUGHT BILLIONS OF TAXPAYERS DOLLARS TO CAPE BRETON. HE COULD NOT SOLVE THE ECONOMIC INI GOMA. A HEAVY WATER PLANT THAT OPENED AND CLOSE. UNEMPLOYMENT ROSE. THROUGH IT ALL, HE WAS UNAPOLOGETIC.>>WHY WOULD THE MONEY BECOME A MORAL ISSUE WHEN IT IS CAPE BRETON?>>Reporter: AS LEADER OF THE SENATE, HE DELAYED PASSAGE OF THE FREE TRADE AGREEMENT AND THE GST. AT 75, HE WAS FORCED OUT OF POLITICS BY MANDATORY RETIREMENT. MARKING THE END OF A POLITICAL CAREER, JEAN CHRETIEN ONCE POKED FUN AT.>>I HEARD ALL THE YEARS GOING TO THE ISLAND, WITH A PILE OF CASH ON HIS BACK.>>Reporter: A POLITICAL LEGEND. SHAPED BY ALMOST 5 DECADES OF PUBLIC SERVICE.>>Wendy: HE WAS 96 YEARS OLD. HE DIED LAST NIGHT IN HOSPITAL IN ANTIGONISH, NOVA SCOTIA. FUNERAL PLANS HAVE NOT BEEN ANNOUNCED.>>>BEFORE WE GO, A RECAP OF THE TOP STORIES. A SOBERING REPORT FROM THE WORLD WILDLIFE FUND. IT HAS BEEN TRACKING 900 SPECIES IN CANADA SINCE 1970 AND SAID MORE THAN HALF HAVE SHOWN DRAMATIC DECLINE. THE REPORT SAID THE FEDERAL SPECIES AT RISK ACT IS NOT DOING ENOUGH TO PROTECT THEM.>>>AND THE KINOW WILDLIFE TRIPLED. HUNDREDS OF PEOPLE HAVE EVACUATED FROM THEIR HOMES AND THE WILDFIRE OFFICIALS SAID THE FIRE BURNED OUT OF CONTROL AND REMAINS THAT WAY FOR SOME TIME.>>>AND THAT’S “THE NATIONAL” FOR THIS WEDNESDAY NIGHT. FOR NEWS AT ANY HOUR, YOU CAN ALWAYS GO TO OUR WEBSITE, CBC NEWS.CA. I’M WENDY MESLEY. THANK YOU FOR WATCHING.

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