The National for Wednesday June 21, 2017


>>Peter: GOOD EVENING, I’M PETER MANSBRIDGE AND THIS IS “THE NATIONAL.”>>>THE PRIME MINISTER ANNOUNCES CHANGE ON NATIONAL ABORIGINAL DAY. BUT HE IS CALLED ON WHAT HASN’T CHANGED.>>THE PRIME MINISTER USED TO SAY WITH THE LIBERAL GOVERNMENT, A WATER ADVISORY WOULD BE A THING OF THE PAST. THAT HAS NOT HAPPENED. HOW CAN HE BE PROUD OF THAT RECORD?>>Peter: AND AN INDIGENOUS ARTIST TAKES US BACK TO THE PLACE WHERE HE EMBRACED LIFE.>>Interview: I DID NOT JUMP OFF THE BRIDGE. I FLEW.>>Peter: SHROUDED IN SECRECY.>>>NO LAND, NO PROBLEM. CAPE BRETON LOOKS TO THE PAST TO PRESERVE THE FUTURE OF CATTLE FARMING.>>Interview: IT IS NOT JUST ABOUT THE LAND. IT IS ABOUT THE COMMUNITY AS A WHOLE. [♪♪♪]>>Peter: IT WAS A 13 WORD DECLARATION FROM THE PRIME MINISTER TO CELEBRATE NATIONAL ABORIGINAL DAY. “NO RELATIONSHIP IS MORE IMPORTANT TO CANADA THAN THE RELATIONSHIP WITH INDIGENOUS PEOPLES.” EVEN AS JUSTIN TRUDEAU MARKED THE OCCASION, TALKED ABOUT CONTINUING DOWN A PATH OF RECONCILIATION, ANNOUNCED CHANGES TO REFLECT THAT SPIRIT OF RESPECT, CRITICS ASKED ABOUT THAT IMPORTANT RELATIONSHIP. AND ABOUT ACTION ON THE PRESSING ISSUES THAT STILL HAUNT THIS COUNTRY’S INDIGENOUS POPULATION. TOM PERRY STARTS OUR COVERAGE TONIGHT.>>Reporter: IN OTTAWA, THE CEREMONIES BEGAN AT SUNRISE. INDIGENOUS PEOPLE GATHERED IN THE SHADOW OF PARLIAMENT HILL. HOPEFUL THIS DAY MIGHT MARK THE DAWN OF A NEW RELATIONSHIP WITH THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. IT WAS A DAY OF AT LEAST SYMBOLIC TRANSFORMATION. THE PRIME MINISTER GATHERING WITH FIRST NATIONS, METIS AND INUIT LEADERS, CONFIRMING THE FORMER U.S. EMBASSY THAT HAS SAT VACANT FOR TWO DECADES ACROSS FROM PARLIAMENT WILL BECOME A NEW INDIGENOUS CENTRE.>>Prime Minister Justin Trudeau: UNTIL NOW, THERE HADN’T BEEN A SPACE WITHIN OUR PARLIAMENTARY PRECINCT DEDICATED TO AND FOR INDIGENOUS PEOPLES. THAT CHANGES TODAY.>>Reporter: THE PRIME MINISTER ALSO ANNOUNCING TODAY HE WOULD HONOUR A DEMAND THAT HE STRIP THE BUILDING THAT HOUSES HIS OWN OFFICE OF ITS NAME. LANGEVIN IS NAMED FOR HECTOR LANGEVIN, A MEMBER OF SIR JOHN A. MACDONALD’S CABINET AND AN ARCHITECT OF THE RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL SYSTEM.>>THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR CHANGING THAT NAME. THAT IS A BIG THING. BECAUSE THAT IS PART OF RECONCILIATION.>>Reporter: RECONCILIATION IS A CENTRAL PLEDGE OF THE LIBERAL GOVERNMENT. YET SUICIDE REMAINS A CRISIS FOR INDIGENOUS YOUTH, AND A LACK OF HOUSING AND CLEAN WATER STILL PLAGUES MANY MUNICIPALITIES. ALL FACTS THE OPPOSITION WAS EAGER TO POINT OUT.>>HOW CAN HE BE PROUD OF THAT RECORD?>>Reporter: THE GOVERNMENT ARGUES CHANGE TAKES TIME. EVEN THE ANNOUNCEMENT TODAY HAVE COME IN FOR CRITICISM. THE FORMER U.S. EMBASSY IS AN ORNATE STRUCTURE THAT STILL BEARS THE MARKING OF THE FORMER RESIDENTS. SOME INDIGENOUS ARCHITECTS WONDER IF IT IS TRULY SUITED TO ITS NEW PURPOSE.>>IS IT A SYMBOL OF COLONIAL OCCUPATION IN NORTH AMERICA. AND AROUND THE WORLD.>>Reporter: TO THE GOVERNMENT, THOUGH, THE MOST IMPORTANT SYMBOL IS WHERE THE BUILDING IS LOCATED.>>Interview: THIS IS THE PRIME PIECE OF REAL ESTATE IN THIS COUNTRY. IT LOOKS STRAIGHT TO THE PARLIAMENT BUILDING. IT WAS THE AMERICAN EMBASSY THE MOST IMPORTANT RELATIONSHIP TO CANADA. NOW, THIS BUILDING WILL HOUSE FIRST NATIONS, INUIT AND METIS AS THE MOST IMPORTANT RELATIONSHIP TO CANADA.>>>THE HOPE IS WORK WILL BE COMPLETED BY 2023, INDIGENOUS LEADERS NEED TO AGREE FIRST ON WHAT THE NEW CENTER WILL DO AND WHAT IT WILL LOOK LIKE. THE GOAL IS FOR IT TO BECOME A SYMBOL OF RECONCILIATION. THAT STILL IS A LONG WAY OFF. TOM PERRY, CBC NEWS, OTTAWA.>>Peter: THE MOST IMPORTANT TREATIES IN CANADIAN HISTORY HAS BEEN DUG OUT OF THE ARCHIVES IN OTTAWA. AND RETURNED HOME TO ALBERTA. TREATY 7 IS ON PUBLIC DISPLAY AT FORT CALGARY UNTIL MID-OCTOBER. FIVE FIRST NATIONS SIGNED THE 9 PAGE DOCUMENT IN 1877. AT BLACKFOOT CROSSING. THE EXHIBIT ATTEMPTS TO EXPLAIN SOME OF THE CONTROVERSIAL AROUND THE AGREEMENT. THOSE WHO SIGNED IT FACED LANGUAGE BARRIERS AND THEY MAY NOT HAVE REALIZED THEY WERE SURRENDERING THEIR LAND.>>WE CAN SEE THE EXTENT OF THE RESERVE.>>Peter: A MAP OF CANADA GOT A MAJOR DIGITAL UPGRADE TODAY. GOING THE ADDED MORE THAN 3,000 RESERVES AND TREATY SETTLEMENTS TO THE MAPPING SOFTWARE. THE COLLABORATION BETWEEN INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES TOOK 7 YEARS TO COMPLETE.>>>YOU SAW THE PRIME MINISTER IN QUESTION PERIOD TODAY. THAT WILL BE THE LAST ONE FOR THREE MONTHS. THE HOUSE OF COMMONS HAS ADJOURNED UNTIL SEPTEMBER 18TH.>>>A CANADIAN IS SUSPECTED OF STABBING A POLICE OFFICER AT A MICHIGAN AIRPORT THIS MORNING. AMORE FTOUHI IS IN CUSTODY. THE OFFICER HE STABBED IS IN HOSPITAL. MULTIPLE INVESTIGATIONS ARE UNDERWAY INCLUDING IN MONTREAL. THAT’S WHERE OUR ALISON NORTHCOTT IS TONIGHT.>>OFFICER DOWN.>>Reporter: THE FIRST CALL CAME INTO POLICE JUST BEFORE 10 THIS MORNING FROM THE AIRPORT IN FLINT MICHIGAN, A MAN ATTACKED A POLICE OFFICER OUTSIDE THE SCREENING AREA.>>Interview: WHEN THE SUBJECT WENT UP TO THE OFFICER AND STABBED HIM, HE CONTINUED TO EXCLAIM ALLAH AND MADE A STATEMENT, YOU KILLED PEOPLE IN IRAQ AND SYRIA AND AFGHANISTAN AND WE ARE ALL GOING TO DIE. DETERMINING OBVIOUSLY WE WILL INVESTIGATE IT AS A TERRORIST ACT.>>Reporter: THE FELLOW OFFICERS TACKLED AND HANDCUFFED THE SUSPECT. THE LIEUTENANT WAS RUSHED TO HOSPITAL WITH STAB WOUNDS TO HIS NECK. HE IS EXPECTED TO SURVIVE.>>Interview: HE IS A GOOD FRIEND OF MINE. YES, IT WAS VERY TERRIFYING TO SEE SOMETHING THAT QUICK AND RESPOND. LUCKILY WE WERE VERY CLOSE DISTANCE TO RESPOND.>>Interview: WHAT HAPPENED HERE AT THE AIRPORT IS JUST A TRAGEDY. I THINK IT IS ABSOLUTELY AWFUL. AND THAT A POLICE OFFICER WAS INJURED LIKE THIS.>>Reporter: THE SUSPECT IS AMOR FTOUHI, AROUND 50 YEARS OLD. HE ENTERED THE U.S. LEGALLY ON JUNE 16TH IN CHAMPLAIN, NEW YORK AND SOMEHOW MADE HIS WAY TO FLINT. INVESTIGATORS BELIEVE HE ACTED ALONE. AND SAID HE IS COOPERATING WITH POLICE.>>Interview: SUFFICE IT TO SAY, HE HAS A HATRED FOR THE UNITED STATES AND A VARIETY OF OTHER THINGS WHICH IN PART MOTIVATED HIM TO COME TO THE AIRPORT TODAY TO CONDUCT THIS ACT OF VIOLENCE.>>Reporter: HE REMAINS IN CUSTODY AND HAS BEEN CHARGED WITH COMMITTING AN ACT OF VIOLENCE AT AN INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT. THE POLICE TRY TO PIECE TOGETHER WHO HE IS AND WHAT LED HIM TO FLINT.>>CANADIAN AUTHORITIES ARE INVOLVED.>>THERE IS COMPLETE COOPERATION BETWEEN THE R.C.M.P. AND OTHER CANADIAN AUTHORITIES AND AGENCIES WITH ALL OF THEIR COUNTERPARTS IN THE UNITED STATES. AND WE WILL DO EVERYTHING WE POSSIBLY CAN TO ASSIST IN THIS MATTER.>>Reporter: THIS AFTERNOON, THE POLICE DESCENDED ON THIS MONTREAL APARTMENT. FTOUHI’S LANDLORD SAID THE SUSPECT LIVED HERE FOR MORE THAN FIVE YEARS WITH HIS WIFE AND CHILDREN. STUNNED NEIGHBOURS SAID HE WAS QUIET. HE WAS A FATHER, HE SPOKE WITH EVERYONE, SAID THIS MAN. IT IS BIZARRE. TONIGHT INVESTIGATORS IN THE U.S. AND HERE IN MONTREAL ARE CONTINUING THEIR WORK AND THE F.B.I. SAID FTOUHI COULD FACE FURTHER CHARGES IN THE DAYS AHEAD.>>Peter: THERE IS ANGER IN THE UNITED STATES SENATE OVER THE FUTURE OF HEALTH CARE COVERAGE FOR MILLIONS OF PEOPLE. IT HAS BEEN DECIDED BY 13 MEN. WHAT THEY ARE PROPOSING REMAINS A SECRET. PAUL HUNTER HAS THAT TONIGHT.>>Reporter: WELCOME BACK TO THAT SEEMINGLY NEVER ENDING STRUGGLE IN AMERICA.>>HEALTH CARE IS A RIGHT, NOT A PRIVILEGE.>>Reporter: AT ISSUE THIS TIME, AN ATTEMPT BY THE U.S. SENATE TO REWRITE THE U.S. HEALTH CARE SYSTEM. SAID DEMOCRATS…>>THEIR NUMBER ONE PRINCIPLE GOAL IS TAX CUTS FOR MILLIONAIRES AND GIANT CORPORATIONS.>>Reporter: THE REPUBLICANS SAID IT IS A SMARTER PLAN FOR ALL AND FULFILLING THE LONG STANDING PLEDGE BY DONALD TRUMP…>>President Donald Trump: TO FINALLY GET RID OF OBAMA CARE.>>Reporter: LAST MONTH, THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES PASSED ITS OWN REWRITE. BUT CRITICS SLAMMED IT AFTER ESTIMATES THAT IT THREATENED HEALTH CARE COVERAGE FOR 23 MILLION AMERICANS. MOST OF THEM, LOW INCOME EARNERS, WHO IRONICALLY ENOUGH VOTED FOR DONALD TRUMP IN DROVES. NOW, THE PRESSURE IS ON FOR THE SENATE TO COME UP WITH SOMETHING THAT WORKS FOR EVERYONE. BUT WHAT ANGERED MANY ON CAPITOL HILL IS THAT THE NEW PLAN IS BEING DRAWN UP BEHIND CLOSED DOORS. FRUSTRATING EVEN REPUBLICANS.>>HE USED TO COMPLAIN LIKE HELL ON THE AFFORDABLE CARE ACT.>>DO NOT LET THIS GO BY WITHOUT YOUR VOICE.>>Reporter: THIS WEEK, SOME DEMOCRATS FACEBOOK LIVED THEMSELVES MARCHING AND TAXIING ON A KIND OF TREASURE HUNDRED, SEARCHING IN VAIN, FOR THE REPUBLICANS’ PRIVATELY DRAWING UP THE NEW PLAN.>>NEWS FLASH, WE DID NOT GET IT.>>Reporter: NOW WITH FRESH COMMERCIALS HIGHLIGHTING THE FEARS BY OBAMACARE BACKERS AND THE WHITE HOUSE MESSAGE WHY IT HAS TO GO… DETAILS OF THE SENATE PROPOSAL ARE EXPECTED TO AT LAST BE MADE PUBLIC TOMORROW.>>EVERY MEMBER OF THE SENATE WILL HAVE IT. AND IT WILL BE POSTED ONLINE AND FOR EVERYONE TO REVIEW.>>Reporter: BUT THEY WILL NOT HAVE LONG TO REVIEW IT. THE SENATE’S PLAN IF ENACTED WOULD REVAMP 1/5 OF THE COUNTRY’S ECONOMY. IT IS TO BE VOTED ON EXACTLY ONE WEEK LATER. PAUL HUNTER, CBC NEWS, WASHINGTON.>>Peter: TENSIONS BETWEEN NATO AND RUSSIA ESCALATED TODAY. RUSSIA SAID A NATO FIGHTER JET BUZZED A PLANE THAT WAS CARRYING ITS DEFENCE MINISTER. NATO SAID THE F-16 TRACKED RUSSIAN JETS BECAUSE THEY DID NOT IDENTIFY THEMSELVES. THE ENCOUNTER HIGHLIGHTS TENSIONS AS NATO INCREASES ITS MILITARY ACTIVITY IN EASTERN EUROPE. DOZENS OF SIMILAR INCIDENTS HAVE BEEN REPORTED IN THE PAST FEW YEARS. INCLUDING AN ENCOUNTER EARLIER THIS MONTH WHEN, ACCORDING TO THE U.S., A RUSSIAN JET THROUGH WITHIN TWO METRES OF AN AMERICAN SPY PLANE.>>>IRAQI FORCES SAID ISIS MILITANTS HAVE BLOWN UP A MOSQUE IN MOSUL. BUILT NEARLY 9,000 YEARS AGO, THE HISTORIC LANDMARK WAS WHERE ISIS LEADER BAGHDADI DECLARED A CALIPHATE IN 2014. IRAQI FORCES HAVE SINCE MANAGED TO TAKE BACK MOST OF MOSUL. THE OLD CITY DISTRICT REMAINS UNDER ISIS CONTROL.>>>THE UNITED NATIONS SAID SOUTH SUDAN IS NO LONGER CLASSIFIED AS BEING IN FAMINE. FOLLOWING AN INCREASE IN FOREIGN AID. IT FIRST DECLARED FAMINE FOR PARTS OF THE COUNTRY IN FEBRUARY. AFTER CIVIL WAR AND AN ECONOMIC COLLAPSE. IN MARCH, THE U.N. ADDED THREE MORE COUNTRIES, YEMEN, SOMALIA AND NORTHEAST NIGERIA. SAYING THE 20 MILLION PEOPLE FACING FAMINE AND STARVATION MADE FOR THE LARGEST HUMANITARIAN CRISIS SINCE THE END OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR. THE U.N. SAID $4.4 BILLION IN AID MONEY WAS NEEDED. MANY COUNTRIES AND ORGANIZATIONS RESPONDED. OUR MARGARET EVANS REPORTED ON THIS CRISIS FROM SOUTH SUDAN IN APRIL. HERE SHE IS NOW WITH MORE ON TODAY’S UPDATE.>>Reporter: PENNIES FROM HEAVEN. AID DROPS LIKE THESE REMAIN CRUCIAL FOR SO MANY IN SOUTH SUDAN. THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN LIFE AND DEATH. TODAY, A U.N.-BACKED REPORT SUGGESTED THAT THE WORST OF THE FAMINE HAS BEEN PUSHED BACK. IN THE COUNTIES WHERE IT WAS FIRST DECLARED IN FEBRUARY. IT FOUND THAT FOOD SECURITY ACROSS THE COUNTRY, AS A WHOLE, IS DETERIORATED FURTHER. AID WORKERS NOW WARN AGAINST COMPLAINTENTSY.>>IT SHOULD NOT BE CUTED WITH AN END TO THE CRISIS. UNFORTUNATELY WHAT THE DATA SHOWS IS THAT 6 MILLION PEOPLE IS STRUGGLING TO FIND FOOD EVERY SINGLE DAY.>>Reporter: DONATIONS FROM CANADIANS FOR FAMINE RELIEF IN AFRICA AND THE MIDDLE EAST ARE STILL BEING MATCHED BY OTTAWA UNTIL THE END OF JUNE. AND CANADIAN AID DOLLARS ARE ALREADY AT WORK. THE INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT MINISTER BIBEAU JUST BACK FROM SOUTH SUDAN.>>Interview: I CAN TELL YOU THAT THE NEEDS ARE HUGE. THIS POPULATION NEEDS FOOD AND BASIC SERVICES.>>Reporter: THE GAINS IN FIGHT AGAINST HUNGER IN SOUTH SUDAN ARE EASILY REVERSED IN THE MIDST OF SO MUCH UNCERTAINTY. MANY PEOPLE UNABLE TO EVEN TO ATTEMPT ASSISTANCE FARMING DRIVEN FROM THEIR LAND BY FEAR OF FORCE OR WHATEVER COMES FIRST. MORE THAN 2 MILLION PEOPLE HAVE BEEN DISPLACED SINCE FIGHTING BEGAN IN THE COUNTRY IN 2013. THE CONFLICT INCREASINGLY ETHNIC IN NATURE. MANY PEOPLE HAVE FLED TO U.N. PROTECTION OF CIVILIAN CAMP. OTHERS HAVE LEFT THE COUNTRY ALL TOGETHER.>>Interview: WE SEE 1,000 KIDS FLEEING SOUTH SUDAN EVERY SINGLE DAY. CRAZY NUMBERS. PEOPLE OVERLOOK THEM.>>Reporter: THE BURDEN IS HEAVY ON SOUTH SUDAN NEIGHBOURS. REFUGEES ARRIVING IN UGANDA CARRY THE BURDEN OF WHAT THEY HAVE SEEN ALONG WITH THE PHYSICAL HARDSHIPS.>>Interview: THE CHILDREN LOOK MALNOURISHED. THEY ARE HUNGRY.>>Reporter: WITHOUT THESE, THERE CAN BE NO END TO SOUTH SUDAN HUNGER. MARGARET EVANS, CBC NEWS, LONDON.>>Peter: 96-YEAR-OLD PRINCE PHILIP HAS BEEN ADMITTED TO HOSPITAL FOR TREATMENT OF AN INFECTION. HE IS SAID TO BE IN GOOD SPIRITS AND IT DID NOT STOP THE QUEEN FROM CARRYING OUT HER PLANNED SCHEDULE TODAY. INCLUDING HER SPEECH AT THE OPENING OF THE BRITISH PARLIAMENT. PRIME MINISTER THERESA MAY IS OFFICIALLY BEGINNING THE CHALLENGE OF LEADING A MINORITY GOVERNMENT WITH A BIG ISSUE HANGING OVER THE COUNTRY. NAHLAH AYED REPORTS.>>Reporter: FOR THE QUEEN, THERE WAS NO CEREMONIAL DRESS. THE CROWN WAS THERE. AND PRINCE CHARLES, BECAUSE OF HIS FATHER’S ILLNESS. DESPITE THE FAMILIAR RITUALS, THIS WAS A SOMEWHAT DOWN-SIZED EVENT. MANY OF THE PRIME MINISTER’S CAMPAIGN PROMISES STRIPPED AWAY WITH THE MAJORITY SHE LOST. HER PLAN READ BY THE QUEEN, FOCUSSED MOSTLY ON BREXIT.>>THE GOVERNMENT PRIORITY IS TO SECURE THE BEST…>>Reporter: SINCE THE ELECTION, THERESA MAY’S VISION FALTERED. HER DOWNING STREET DAYS SEEM NUMBERED. SO FAR, MARKED BY MISSTEPS. LIKE THE COLD REACTION TO THE TRAGEDY AT GRENFELL TOWER.>>THE PAST COUPLE OF WEEKS HAVE BEEN SHATTERING FOR THERESA MAY. SHE IS GETTING THE SHOW BACK ON THE ROAD. AT THE MOMENT SHE LOOKS MORE COMPOSED AND STATESMAN LIKE. BUT THE CHALLENGES ARE JUST MASSIVE.>>Reporter: A WEEK AFTER THAT CRUEL BLAZE DEVOURED THE BUILDING, THE NEIGHBOURHOOD IS RIFE WITH QUESTIONS AND CALLS FOR JUSTICE. TINGED WITH UNWAIVERING GRIEF. THIS MAN LOST HIS 82-YEAR-OLD FATHER. HIS MOTHER JUST NOW SETTLED IN AN APARTMENT.>>Interview: WHEN I SEE THESE PICTURES, EVERYTHING REMINDS ME OF A BAD DREAM. HE WILL NOT COME BACK. THE PEOPLE PASSED.>>Reporter: THE GOVERNMENT ANNOUNCED IT WILL REHOUSE SURVIVORS IN THE AREA IN NEW LUXURY APARTMENTS.>>THE GOVERNMENT WILL BEGIN AN INQUIRY AT THE DREADFUL FIRE AT GRENFELL TOWER.>>AS PRIME MINISTER I APOLOGIZE FOR THAT…>>Reporter: MAY, ISOLATED AND DIMINISHED MAY NOT LAST LONG ENOUGH TO SEE THE INQUEST.>>SOME PEOPLE GIVE HER TEN DAYS AND SOME TEN MONTHS. SOME WOULD PROBABLY PREFER NOT TO GIVE HER TEN MINUTES. IT IS ABOUT THE PARTY DECIDING WHAT THE BEST WAY FORWARD IS.>>Reporter: AT SMALL PROTESTS IN THE UNUSUAL HEAT TODAY, ONLY HINTS AT MORE TESTS AHEAD. NEXT WEEK, IT IS PARLIAMENT VOTING ON THERESA MAY’S PLAN. NAHLAH AYED, CBC NEWS, LONDON.>>Peter: IT IS NOT PUBLICLY KNOWN WHAT SIDE OF THE BREXIT DEBATE THE QUEEN FAVOURS. THAT DID NOT STOP SOCIAL MEDIA FROM BUZZING ABOUT THE MEANING OF HER HEAD WARE. SEE THE COLOURS OF THE EU FLAG. SOME TWITTER USERS ARE INSISTING THE BLUE AND YELLOW HAT WAS NO ACCIDENT. QUEEN ELIZABETH MAY NOT HAVE ANY OFFICIAL POLITICAL POWER, SHE HAS BEEN KNOWN TO USE HER CHOICES AS A SUBTLE FORCE FOR DIPLOMACY.>>>WHEN HE WAS FINISHED AT PARLIAMENT, PRINCE CHARLES VISITED THE NORTH LONDON SUBURB OF FINSBURY PARK AND SPOKE WITH COMMUNITY LEADERS IN THE WAKE OF MONDAY’S VAN ATTACK. CHARLES GAVE CONDOLENCES ON THE QUEEN’S BEHALF AND OBSERVED TRIBUTES THAT HAVE BEEN LEFT AT THE SITE. 11 PEOPLE WERE INJURED. ONE MAN DIED. HE HAD FALLEN JUST BEFORE THE ATTACK AND IT IS NOT CLEAR YET WHAT KILLED HIM. AN AUTOPSY IS UNDERWAY.>>>STRAIGHT AHEAD, CYBERBULLYING, AND A MENTAL HEALTH CRISIS IN ATLANTIC CANADA. [CBC News theme] Have I got
a panel for you. Five award-winning journalists,
many in the areas of investigative journalism. They’re known for
their great reporting. I’ve had
some threats. It’s reality. There are people out there who
will write you nasty things. In 2002 I think we did a gang
documentary and leading up to it I think I had
eight written death threats. I think gang leaders in
Vancouver thought we were name them
and out them, and we don’t do
the work of the police. And we took some
pretty extreme cautions. I have special glass on my
backdoor thanks to the CBC. And you can’t
find me easily. You really protect your children and your name
because sometimes you never know who you’re going
to tick off. And we’ve done stories about
organized crime, we’ve done stories about terror suspects
for example. And when I talk to new
journalists that who we mentor I often say, “Be really careful
about exposing your
children and your family and being easy to
find physically because there are people out
there who can be dangerous. I have relationships
with my stories. And I know that sounds strange
but I almost– There have been times when I
have come home from something awful where I can still smell
the iron of blood and it doesn’t leave
my nose for a while. And I walk down the street
and I sometimes feel like my stories are constantly
tapping me on the shoulder. And I sort of have this little
ritual with them where I let them do this for a
while and then at some point I have caught myself
standing in the street and saying, “Oh, oh,
enough, enough. You’ve had your time,
enough. You stay here,
I’m going to keep going.” Very early in my career,
I think I was 25, I certainly didn’t look like
I knew what I was doing, and I’m not really
sure that I did, but I remember
interviewing someone and I was about to
put something in front of him and accuse him
of something. I was actually sort of
far more nervous than I ever wanted
to give up, but he thought
I was just adorable. And I remember him actually
trying to charm me by speaking
a little French. And I was actually so annoyed,
at that point, that he clearly thought
I was no threat at all, that I stopped shaking,
I stopped being nervous. And that might have been one
of my finest moments ever. I remember it
25 years later. So, sometimes it’s frustrating
for all the same reasons that women in
every profession have expressed their
frustrations but every now and then
it works for you and those are good. [CBC News theme]>>Peter: MENTAL HEALTH ADVOCATES IN NOVA SCOTIA ARE CALLING IT A CRISIS. THIS SCHOOL YEAR ALONE, THREE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS IN CAPE BRETON HAVE ENDED THEIR OWN LIVES. THE LATEST A 13-YEAR-OLD GIRL HAPPENING THIS PAST WEEKEND. SHE WAS A VICTIM OF CYBERBULLYING. AND AS ANGELA McIVER REPORTS, THE PROVINCE HAS NO WAY TO LEGALLY COMBAT ONLINE ATTACKERS.>>Reporter: MADISON WILSON WAS ONLY 13 YEARS OLD WHEN SHE TOOK HER OWN LIFE ON FATHER’S DAY.>>I LOST EVERYTHING.>>Reporter: HER DAUGHTER WAS BEING CYBERBULLIED BY CLASSMATES AT THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL. AND EVEN THOUGH THEY TALKED ABOUT IT, WILSON NEVER KNEW THE EXTENT OF HER DAUGHTER’S SUFFERING UNTIL IT WAS TOO LATE.>>Interview: I ALWAYS TRIED TO TELL HER IT IS WHAT YOU THINK OF YOURSELF. IT IS NOT WHAT OTHER PEOPLE THINK.>>Reporter: MADISON WILSON IS THE THIRD JUNIOR HIGH STUDENT IN CAPE BRETON TO DIE BY SUICIDE THIS SCHOOL YEAR. BUT AS STUDENTS SEEK MENTAL HEALTH SUPPORT, THE OPTIONS CONTINUE TO SHRINK. THE SCHOOL BOARD RECENTLY CUT GUIDANCE COUNSELLOR POSITIONS AND THE WAIT TIME TO SEE A CHILD PSYCHOLOGIST IS AT LEAST A YEAR. THE PROVINCE’S NEWLY APPOINTED EDUCATION MINISTER SAID IT IS TIME TO INTERVENE.>>Interview: WE ARE COMMITTED TO WHEN WE CAN TO MAKE SURE THE SUPPORTS THAT ARE THERE, THE PEOPLE KNOW ABOUT THEM AND CAN ACCESS THEM. OF COURSE, ALWAYS HELPING ENHANCING THE SERVICES.>>Reporter: NOVA SCOTIA ALREADY TRIED ONCE AND FAILED TO COMBAT CYBERBULLYING. IT WAS IN DIRECT RESPONSE TO THE DEATH OF REHTAEH PARSONS IN 2013. THE 17-YEAR-OLD ATTEMPTED SUICIDE AND LATER DIED FROM HER INJURIES. THE CYBER SAFETY ACT WAS MEANT TO PUNISH PEOPLE WHO MAKE THREATS ONLINE. AND FOR TWO YEARS, A TEAM OF INVESTIGATORS FOLLOWED UP ON COMPLAINTS BY ISSUING WARNINGS AND COURT ORDERS. THEN IN 2015, THE SUPREME COURT OF NOVA SCOTIA DEEMED THE LAW UNCONSTITUTIONAL. THE PROVINCE HAS NOT EVEN TABLED A REPLACEMENT. MADISON WILSON’S MOTHER SAID PEOPLE YOUNG AND OLD NEED TO BE HELD ACCOUNTABLE.>>Interview: A COMMENT, A REMARK. A POST. YOU DON’T REALIZE WHAT THEY ARE DOING. SOME PEOPLE NEED TO FACE WHAT THEY ARE DOING.>>Reporter: HER ADVICE TO PARENTS… ALWAYS DEMAND A PASSWORD. EVEN IF THEIR CHILD REFUSES. SHE SAID IT COULD HAVE SAVED HER DAUGHTER’S LIFE. ANGELA McIVER, CBC NEWS, HALIFAX.>>Peter: THE CITY OF RED DEER DECLARED A STATE OF EMERGENCY TODAY. AFTER A VIOLENT WINDSTORM LAST NIGHT.>>SOME CREWS WILL ASSESS AND GIVE INVENTORY OF THE SCOPE OF THE CLEANUP.>>Peter: 110 km/h WINDS UPROOTED TREES, KNOCKED DOWN UTILITY LINES AND TORE ROOFS OFF BUILDINGS. THE CITY’S MAYOR SAID THE CLEANUP COULD TAKE WEEKS.>>>STILL AHEAD TONIGHT, A YOUNG INDIGENOUS ARTIST TELLS HIS STORY OF CRISIS THAT SPURRED INSPIRATION.>>>FIRST…>>YOU CANNOT BUY A FARM WITHOUT INCOME.>>Peter: THEY HAVE THE AMBITION AND THE LIVE STOCK. ALL THEY ARE MISSING IS LAND. THERE IS A SOLUTION IN THE HILLS.>>NEXT, THE DAY’S BUSINESS NUMBERS, THE TSX INCREASED SLIGHTLY. THE CANADIAN DOLLAR WAS DOWN A QUARTER OF A CENT. IN NEW YORK, THE DOW LOST 57 POINTS. THE PRICE OF OIL FELL ALMOST A DOLLAR. ♪ ♪ Reporter: Today’s events
were part of a program which has been going on since
Wednesday evening. Gays and non-gays
mingled at the fair, some coming from as far away
as Holland and California. Well, there are a few hundred
thousand gay people in the city of Toronto
and we felt that the organized gay community wanted to have a celebration
of our culture, our community, and this is it.
This is Gay Days. Reporter: They say together they
can work toward acceptance by general society. Reporter: Though they marched
through the streets today as they have before,
the tone was less serious. There we no nightsticks,
no confrontations. In the park, the atmosphere
was festival. Gay pride is an expression
where you say that we’re proud of our sexuality. We’re not ashamed to say that
our lifestyle is worth living. Reporter: More than a thousand
of the city’s estimated quarter of a million
gays and lesbians celebrated with a sense
of humour. They even found a way
to laugh at AIDS. [chuckling] This is supposed to be
a public celebration. It’s ironic that at this event, some entertainers and some
participants in the rally asked us not to take
their picture. Gays and lesbians marching here fear reprisals for
their lifestyle. Reporter: A sweltering summer
Sunday in the city. A day to meet friends, lots of friends,
as it turned out. It may have been the biggest
block party of the season. The parade, too, was a hit. An indication of the self
confidence and self assurance that lesbians and gays
have acquired here in only a few years. Reporter: It looked like a big
outdoor party as marchers at Toronto’s
Gay Pride Parade moved through city streets
to their own beat. You want to be strong because
you’re such a minority and we’re not treated real well. Reporter: This year,
participants had something else to celebrate:
the legal right to marry. Hundreds of thousands
lined the streets. San Diego native Richard Reed
and his partner Ernie Lecasse have been to Pride
parades before. This is their first
as a married couple. For them, and for their fellow
June brides and grooms, this year’s parade
is indeed a happy one. [film reel clicks] They’re circular, and the inside of the rim is scorched a little,
all around. These circles are approximately
34 to 35 feet wide. It was a disc shape and it had a dome
in the middle. It was a beautiful ship.
It was a creamy white colour. Reporter: It’s as if a giant
cookie cutter has stamped out circles. They range from two
to 20 metres in diameter and come in a variety
of patterns. Some swirl clockwise, others
fan out from the centre. Around the crisp perimeter,
the fields are intact. Man: The plants are going
through some form of molecular change, causing
them to grow in to huge dart board patterns. It’s beyond anything
we can suggest, beyond any conventional science the way this is being
constructed. Reporter: Visitors are coming
from miles around to see the latest attraction
near Conquest, Saskatchewan. It’s the most excitement people in this area
have seen in a while. One of the circles
looks like a doughnut. Another has a tail
pointing to the south. And on a nearby field owned
by a Hutterite colony, there are six circles. In all of them, the stalks
of wheat are flattened but not damaged. I’m not a great believer
in UFOs. But once you see them
right up close, they’re different. Reporter: It was the last thing
John Peddie expected to see. He was out bailing hay when
something caught his eye. I thought it was very strange. I got off the tractor and came
in and looked around and I couldn’t believe my eyes. Not really much gets going
on here in Howick, so this is something new. ♪ ♪>>IT IS NOT JUST ABOUT THE LAND WHICH IS AN IMPORTANT PART. IT IS ABOUT THE COMMUNITY AS A WHOLE.>>Peter: IN MANY PARTS OF RURAL CANADA, COMMUNITIES ARE UNDER THREAT. FEARFUL ABOUT THE FUTURE AS MORE AND MORE YOUNG PEOPLE ABANDON THAT WAY OF LIFE. IN ONE PART OF THE HIGHLANDS ON CAPE BRETON ISLAND, THEY ARE LOOKING TO THE PAST AS A WAY TO TRY TO PRESERVE THEIR FUTURE. IT IS A DREAM THAT IN SOME RESPECTS WILL ONCE AGAIN PUT CATTLE IN THE CLOUDS. HERE IS TOM MURPHY. [♪♪♪]>>Reporter: MAYBE THIS IS WHAT YOU KNOW OF CAPE BRETON ISLAND, THE SCENERY, THE SOUNDTRACKS. WELCOME TO NOVA SCOTIA. KNOWN FOR THE CULTURE. FROM GENERATION TO GENERATION. IN THE SAME WAY THE FARMERS HERE HAVE TAUGHT THEIR CHILDREN TO LIVE OFF THE LAND. GRAZE CATTLE.>>READY TO GO.>>Reporter: A KIND OF FARMING HAS SEEN BETTER DAYS.>>THERE YOU GO.>>Reporter: A DECLINING INDUSTRY WHERE THE PROFIT MARGINS ARE OFTEN THIN. THE HOURS LONG AND HARD. THE CATTLE BUSINESS IS NOT FOR EVERYONE.>>Interview: ME AND MY WIFE AND FIVE CHILDREN. IT IS STRESSFUL.>>Reporter: FOR SOME, FARMING IS IN THEIR BLOOD. PEOPLE LIKE NORMAN. AT 28, HE IS ALREADY A FATHER OF FIVE WITH A SIXTH ON THE WAY. HE AND CHRISTIE ARE HIGH SCHOOL SWEETHEARTS. NORMAN LOVES LIFE IN THE COUNTRY. AND HE IS DESPERATE TO MAKE CATTLE FARMING HIS CAREER. AND RAISE HIS KIDS IN CAPE BRETON. HE IS A THIRD GENERATION CAPE BRETON FARMER. HE IS TRYING TO MAKE IT WORK.>>Interview: I HAVE BEEN INVOLVED WITH CATTLE MY ENTIRE LIFE. NY FATHER HAS A DAIRY FARM. AND MY OLDEST BROTHER IS TAKING THAT OVER. I HAVE GOING WITH EVERY OPPORTUNITY I HAVE TO DO WHAT I LOVE TO DO. AND RAISE MY KIDS THE WAY I WANT TO RAISE MY FAMILY.>>Reporter: HE SCRAPED TOGETHER WHAT HE HAD AND INVESTED IT IN 200 HEAD OF CATTLE. VALUED AT CLOSE TO $200,000. BUT THERE IS A PROBLEM.>>Interview: I AM A REGISTERED FARMER. BUT I HAVE TO PLACE TO KEEP MY CATTLE IN THE SUMMERTIME.>>Reporter: THAT’S RIGHT. NORMAN IS A FARMER WITH NO FARM. HIGHWAY HAS CATTLE, BUT NO BARN. IT IS A COMMON PROBLEM AMONG YOUNG PEOPLE WHO WANT A LIFE ON THE FARM. THEIR OWN FARM.>>Interview: YOU CAN’T BUY A FARM WITHOUT INCOME. AND IF YOU DON’T HAVE CATTLE FOR INCOME, YOU WON’T BE ABLE TO — THEY WON’T LOOK AT YOU AT THE BANK. YOU KNOW, THERE ARE SO MANY WALLS IN FRONT OF US WE HAVE CLIMB UP AND OVER, WE FALL OFF ON THE WAY UP.>>Reporter: FOR NOW, HE SHUTTLES HIS LIVESTOCK AROUND TO RENTED FARMS. A FEW AT A TIME. BECAUSE WILL HE HAS NO PASTURE OF HIS OWN. THIS COMMUNITY WANTS TO KEEP FARMING ALIVE. AND AMBITIOUS YOUNG FARMERS IN BUSINESS. SO IT IS HELPING NORMAN, AND FARMERS LIKE HIM CLIMB THE MOUNTAIN IN THEIR WAY. THIS IS NOT YOUR TYPICAL COUNTRY ROAD. IT IS A ROUGH AND RUGGED 7 KILOMETRE DRIVE. HIGH IN THE CAPE BRETON HIGHLANDS. AT THE TOP, THERE IS CLOSE TO 200 HECTARES OF PASTURE. ANY FARMERS’ FOR THE TAKING. AND IT MIGHT JUST BE NORMAN’S SAVING GRACE. IS IT IMPORTANT TO GET THEM UP HERE. TELL ME ABOUT THAT.>>Interview: IF I CAN’T GET THEM UP HERE, I HAVE NOWHERE TO PUT THEM. IT IS VERY IMPORTANT TO HAVE THEM HERE.>>Reporter: YOUR FARMING OPERATION?>>Interview: THAT’S WHAT IT IS.>>ANYBODY WHO DOESN’T HAVE A FARM, WE WILL PUT A TAG ON.>>SAVES ME HAVING TO DO IT.>>EXACTLY.>>Reporter: THE HELPING HAND COMES THANKS TO FARMERS LIKE CHRIS. A SUCCESSFUL DAIRY FARMER AND A DRIVING FORCE BEHIND AN EFFORT TO REVIVE THE COMMUNITY PASTURE. THE FARMER CHARGES $0.68 A DAY TO HAVE HIS CATTLE STAY HERE. EACH ONE IS TAGGED. AND THE FARMERS CAN KEEP TRACK OF THE CATTLE BEFORE THEY ARE LET OUT TO GRAZE FOR THE SUMMER.>>YOU BUY THE CATTLE FIRST AND YOU CAN PUT THEM HERE AND YOU CAN LOOK FOR A PLACE TO KEEP THEM SECOND. WITHOUT THIS PLACE, FOR ME, I DON’T EXIST. I DON’T KNOW WHAT TO TELL YOU. IT IS CRITICAL. IT IS CRITICAL. IT IS VERY CRITICAL. A VIBRANT COMMUNITY ON THE WESTERN CAPE, WITH ITS OWN POST OFFICE, CHURCH, AND SCHOOL. BUT HARSH WINTERS IN THE CALL OF MODERN CONVENIENCES EVENTUALLY DROVE THEM DOWN THE MOUNTAIN. THE HOMESTEADS THEY BUILT ARE NOW JUST SHELVES. EVIDENT TO ONLY THOSE WHO TAKE THE TIME TO LOOK FOR THEM.>>WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT WHAT YOU WALK THROUGH THESE HILLS AND YOU KNOW THE HISTORY OF FARMING HERE AND YOU ARE BACK FARMING HERE? WHAT DO YOU MAKE OF IT ALL?>>Interview: WELL, I MEAN THERE IS SO MUCH HISTORY HERE. IT IS IMPORTANT FOR US TO REFLECT ON THAT AND TO KIND OF KEEP THAT ALIVE.>>Reporter: THEY GREW UP WITH THE STORIES. WHAT ARE WE LOOKING AT HERE?>>Interview: THERE IS AN ARCHIE’S RACE. THIS WAS HIS FARMSTEAD HERE. IF WE LOOK BACK OVER IN THIS DIRECTION OVER THERE, THAT PLOT OF STONES IS WHERE THE BARN WOULD HAVE BEEN LOCATED. I AM NOT SURE HOW MANY ACRES HE FARMED UP HERE. WHEN YOU TALK TO THE OLD FOLKS, THEY KEPT A COUPLE OF THE COWS AND THE SHEEP AND GOATS AND PIGS AND CHICKENS AND WHATNOT.>>Reporter: THEY HAD SOMETHING RIGHT, IT IS A GREAT PLACE TO RAISE CATTLE.>>Interview: IT IS A GREAT PLACE. PEOPLE SAY THE LAND UP HERE IN THE CAPE IS THE BEST IN THE PROVINCE. DEFINITELY THE BEST IN CAPE BRETON.>>Reporter: MORE THAN 60 YEARS AGO, THE GOVERNMENT TURNED THE AREA INTO A COMMUNITY PASTURE. CLEARED MORE LAND. A BID TO KEEP THE CATTLE INDUSTRY STRONG BACK THEN. A LITTLE MORE THAN A DECADE AGO, MADCOW DISEASE KNOCKED MANY OLDER FARMERS OUT OF BUSINESS. THEY COULD NOT EXPORT THEIR MEAT ANYMORE. IT WAS PART OF A TREND THAT HAS SEEN CLOSE TO THREE-QUARTERS OF THE CAPE BRETON FARMLAND FALL OUT OF PRODUCTION. SO THE COMMUNITY PASTURE WANED. THE IDEA WHOSE TIME HAS COME AGAIN.>>WITH A GUY LIKE NORMAN THERE, A YOUNG GUY, THE YOUNG FAMILY HE HAS TO FEED AND TAKE CARE OF, AGRICULTURE IS HOW HE WILL DO IT, THIS LAND HERE IN THE HIGHLANDS MAY HELP HIM DO IT?>>Interview: YEAH. TO BE HONEST WITH YOU, THAT IS EXACTLY, THAT TYPE OF FELLOW AND THAT TYPE OF FAMILY IS WHAT WE WERE AFTER WHEN WE — WE HAD IN MIND WHEN WE STARTED TO REVITALIZE THIS. WITHOUT THIS ASSET HERE, IT SIMPLY WOULD NOT HAVE HAPPENED FOR HIM. WHY YOU LOOK AT THE BIGGER PICTURE, IT IS NOT JUST ABOUT AGRICULTURE. IT IS A BIG, BIG PICTURE WE ARE AFTER. WE ARE GLAD TO BE PART OF IT.>>Reporter: BE A PART OF THE NOT FOR PROFIT EFFORT THAT IS NURTURING, PRESERVING A WAY OF LIFE THAT SUSTAINED PEOPLE HERE FOR GENERATIONS. BEFORE THESE COWS CAN GRAZE THESE PASTURES AGAIN, THERE WAS A LOT OF WORK TO BE DONE. BACK IN MAY WHEN THE CAPE SNOW HAD BARELY MELTED AWAY, HUNDREDS OF HECTARES OF FENCING NEEDED REPAIR.>>Interview: RIGHT NOW, WE HAVE ABOUT 320 OR SO ACRES FENCED OFF. AND THIS YEAR THE GOAL IS TO FENCE OFF THE REST OF THIS AND UTILIZE EVERYTHING ON THIS SIDE OF THE ROAD.>>Reporter: AND ALL OF IT WAS DONE BY VOLUNTEERS. PEOPLE FROM THE COMMUNITIES AROUND, PEOPLE WHO WANT TO SEE LOCAL FARMING LIVE ON. CHRIS’S OWN TEENAGE DAUGHTERS AMONG THEM.>>GO OVER THERE CHRIS AND WE WILL STOP IT.>>I WILL SHOW THE GIRLS. WE ARE STARTING BY THE POND.>>WE CROSS THE ROAD THERE.>>RIGHT BY THE POND AND GO AROUND.>>Reporter: MAYBE THEY WILL ONE DAY SEE AGRICULTURE AN OPTION FOR THEM.>>OKAY. THAT IS AS FAR AS THAT ONE GOES. DON’T WORRY TOO MUCH ABOUT THOSE. A COMMUNITY PROJECT. AN ASSEMBLY LINE. THAT IS A COMMUNITY CONNECTION THAT I THINK THAT FARMERS ARE PARTICULARLY IN TUNE TO. IT IS NOT JUST ABOUT THE LAND WHICH IS A VERY, VERY IMPORTANT PART. IT IS ABOUT THE COMMUNITY AS A WHOLE.>>Reporter: TAKING THEIR CATTLE HERE MEANS FARMERS CAN FREE UP THEIR OWN LAND, IF THEY HAVE IT. TO MAKE HAY FOR WINTER. SO THEY LOCK THE CATTLE UP TO THE CAPE, PUTTING THEM UP TO PASTURE BESIDE THEIR NEIGHBOURS.>>Interview: WE LIKE THE LIFE-STYLE.>>Reporter: DO YOU THINK YOU CAN DO IT?>>Interview: I KNOW I CAN. THERE IS A DIFFERENCE, I KNOW. I AM JUST GOING TO DO IT.>>Reporter: WHAT DO YOU THINK THE PEOPLE WHO USED TO LIVE HERE, WHAT DO YOU THINK THEY WOULD THINK ABOUT YOU GUYS REVITALING IT.>>Interview: I WOULD LIKE TO THINK THEY ARE HAPPY TO SEE IT. ALL THE WORK THAT WENT INTO. THEY MAY THINK WE ARE CRAZY AT THE SAME TIME. I AM NOT SURE. THEY LEFT. OBVIOUSLY FOR A GOOD REASON. I THINK THAT CAPE BRETON, ESPECIALLY IS STEEPED IN TRADITION. AND THAT CONNECTION BETWEEN YOUNGER GENERATIONS AND OLDER GENERATIONS IS REALLY STRONG. YOU SEE THAT IN ALL OF OUR CULTURE. THAT IS PREVALENT HERE. I THINK THAT THEY WOULD BE HAPPY AND LIKE TO THINK THEY ARE LOOKING DOWN FROM US ABOVE SAYING GOOD JOB. I KIND OF THINK THEY ARE. I HOPE SO, YEAH.>>Reporter: YES, IT IS A SPECIAL PLACE. THE PAST THE KEY TO THE FUTURE. A WAY OF LIFE BEING RESCUED BY THE VERY HILLS THAT HELPED SHAPE IT. TOM MURPHY, CBC NEWS, NOVA SCOTIA.>>Peter: UP NEXT, ON NATIONAL ABORIGINAL DAY, WE LOOK AT WHAT [theme music] [Bebop jazz] [groovy funk] [♪♪♪]>>Peter: EARLIER WE SHOWED YOU SOME OF THE EVENTS MARKING NATIONAL ABORIGINAL DAY. HERE AT CBC NEWS, WE HAVE CHOSEN THE OCCASION TO LAUNCH A NEW INTERACTIVE INITIATIVE, IT IS CALLED “I AM INDIGENOUS.” WE PROFILED THE LIVES OF CHANGE MAKERS AND TRAIL BLAZERS. OVER THE NEXT FEW NIGHTS, WE WILL BRING YOU THE STORY. WITH AN ARTIST AND ASPIRING POLITICIAN.>>I AM FROM EDMONTON, ALBERTA. AND I AM INDIGENOUS. WHEN I WAS 19 YEARS OLD, I DIDN’T FEEL LIKE I WAS CONNECTED TO COMMUNITY. I DID NOT FEEL I WAS CONNECTED IT MYSELF. I DIDN’T FEEL I HAD A PLACE. NOT ONLY IN MY OWN LIFE BUT IN MY OWN COUNTRY. AND SO I FOUND MYSELF IN THE MIDDLE OF THE HIGH LEVEL BRIDGE. FACING A CHOICE. AND THE CHOICE WAS ONE THAT A LOT OF INDIGENOUS YOUTH FACE. DO I STAY HERE, DO I CONTINUE STRUGGLING? DO I OPINION WITH THIS PAIN AND CONTINUE WITH THIS FEELING OF NOT BEING A PART OF SOMETHING? AND AS I CLOSED MY EYES ON THAT BRIDGE, FACED WITH THAT CHOICE, JUST ON THE BRINK OF WHETHER I WAS GOING TO LIVE OR NOT, THE SUN STARTED TO RISE. AND I HAD A FEELING OF HEAT. THE TOP OF MY HEAD AND MY FACE. I OPENED MY EYES AND THERE WAS THE BEAUTIFUL SUN AND THE BEAUTIFUL MORNING. AND IN THAT MOMENT, LIKE I COULD HEAR THE WHISPER OF CHANGE — SPIRITUAL MAN. I STARTED TO CRY. I FELT THE PAIN AND ANGST AND ALONENESS OFF OF MY SHOULDERS. AND, YOU KNOW, I DIDN’T JUMP OFF THAT BRIDGE. THANK GOD. BUT I FLEW. AND IN THAT MOMENT, MY LIFE BECAME ONE OF HOW DO I SERVE OTHER PEOPLE? HOW DO I MAKE MY LIFE HAVE MEANING? BY GIVING BACK TO OTHER PEOPLE. AND THAT’S WHAT I STARTED TO DO. IT WAS NOT OVERNIGHT. IT WAS NOT I WOKE UP AND EVERYTHING WAS GREAT. IT WAS BECAUSE MY FOCUS CHANGED. I WANTED TO SEE HOW I CAN MAKE MY LIFE BE ONE OF MEANING BY HELPING OTHERS. A LOT OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLE ARE GOING TO FACE SOME — LET’S PUT IT ON THE TABLE, THEY WILL FACE RACISM. THEY WILL FACE HATE. THEY WILL FACE ANGER. THEY WILL FACE DANGER. THESE ARE THINGS I EXPERIENCED. WHEN THAT IS YOUR REALITY, AND YOU DON’T SEE ANYTHING ELSE AND DON’T SEE HOW IT CAN CHANGE, YOU CAN’T HELP BUT FEELING MORE AND MORE VULNERABLE. I STARTED TO PAINT. I PAINED MY AUNT AND NIECES. IN THE PAINTING. IF THERE IS A SOCIOECONOMIC LADDER IN CANADA, INDIGENOUS WOMEN ARE AT THE BOTTOM. THEY ARE THE ONES WHO NEED A STRONGER VOICE AND THEY NEED ALLIES. WHAT THAT HAS DONE FOR ME BY CHOOSING TO SEVERE MY COMMUNITY IN THAT WAY, I HAVE BEEN ABLE TO SPEND — TO SERVE MANY COMMUNITIES. AND MY WORK FOR ME HAS BECOME A BRIDGE. AND ONE OF THE BEAUTIFUL SONGS WE HEARD YESTERDAY WAS I LEAVE MY PASSED ON THIS SIDE AND START MY FUTURE ON THE OTHER. THE REASON I WAS INTERESTED IN CIVIC POLITICS IS BECAUSE THIS IS COMMUNITY. THERE IS WHERE IT ALL HAPPENS. THESE ARE THE DECISIONS THAT AFFECT ALL OF US ON A DAILY BASIS. AND SO IF I WANT TO SERVE MY COMMUNITY AND I DO, IT SEEMS LIKE AN IDEAL WAY TO DO IT. YOU KNOW, MY MOM WAS A BIG ORGANIZER IN THE COMMUNITIES THAT WE GREW UP IN AND SO SERVING THE COMMUNITY, YOU ARE ACTIVE IN YOUR COMMUNITY. YOU ARE PART OF IT. I CAN’T SEE A BETTER WAY TO DO THAT THAN TO BE ON CITY COUNCIL. AND MAKING SURE THAT EVERY SINGLE PERSON HAS A VOICE. I LOVE ABORIGINAL DAY BECAUSE WHAT IT DOES, IT ALLOWS EVERYONE TO SEE WHO WE ARE. AND TO SEE THAT WE ARE NOT SO SCARY. WE ARE NOT SO DIFFERENT. WE ARE HEALTHY, VIBRANT, FINALLY THRIVING. AND IT SHINES A LIGHT ON SOME OF THE NEGATIVE THINGS. YOU SEE ALL THE BEAUTIFUL THINGS. WHICH IS GREAT. YOU SEE — KIND OF TAKE OF LOOK AT WHAT IS HAPPENING TO OUR YOUTH. ARE THEY GETTING THE EDUCATION, THE HEALTH CARE? ALL OF THE DIFFERENT THINGS OF A STABLE HOME LIFE THAT CANADIANS ENJOY. IF NOT, WHY NOT? YOU CAN POINT TO A HOST OF ISSUES. REALLY WHAT IT COMES RIGHT DOWN TO IS THAT THE CHOICES THAT GOVERNMENT HAS MADE FOR 140 YEARS SINCE THE INDIAN ACT CAME INTO BEING. IT IMPACTED THE COMMUNITIES FOR ALL THIS TIME IN A NEGATIVE WAY. IT IS ONLY NOW THAT THINGS ARE STARTING TO CHANGE. AND YOU WILL SEE THAT NOW INDIGENOUS CULTURE, INDIGENOUS VOICES ARE STARTING TO BLOSSOM AND FLOWER AND EXPLODE ACROSS THE CANADIAN SOCIETAL FABRIC. IT IS ADDING SOMETHING BEAUTIFUL. THERE IS AN UP TAPPED POSSIBILITY HERE IF WE CAN GET OVER THESE 140 YEARS TO BUILD SOMETHING REALLY, REALLY WONDERFUL AND STRONG TOGETHER.>>Peter: YOU CAN FIND ALL THE PROFILES AT CBCNEWS.CA/IAMINDIGENOUS.>>>AHEAD WE GO GROCERY SHOPPING WITH THE MINISTER OF HEALTH. AS THE GOVERNMENT MULLS CHANGES FOR FOOD LABELS.>>TOMORROW ON THE CURRENT, SHE WAS A STRAY SEARCHING FOR SCRAPS IN A CAMP OF MARATHON RUNNERS ATTEMPTING THE GOBY DESERT RACE. THE DOG FOUND MAN AND THE JOURNEY IS RETOLD ON THE CURRENT. ♪ [“The National” theme] This afternoon in
St. John’s, Newfoundland a young man named Terry Fox
started running. Reporter: Many people have run
or walked across Canada, but Fox hopes to be
the first to do it with an artificial leg. I got a lot of positive attitude
and I think I can do it. Knowlton Nash: He calls his
running style “The Fox Trot”. After 25 days in Newfoundland,
Terry had raised $25,000. ♪ ♪ ♪ run, Terry, run ♪ ♪ leave your troubles
far past behind you ♪ Reporter: That song
was commissioned by the Cancer Society, which had its own doubts
when he started off. Now as he pounds
out the kilometres, the money pours in.
Most of it in cash. He’s got all the
guts in the world. And I wish him all the
luck in the world, too. I hope he makes it. What do you think
of Terry Fox? I think he’s great. He’ll make it.
He’ll make it. Reporter: The run to City Hall
down University Avenue took Terry by
hundreds of people. It was an emotional
moment for many of them. I knew I could
make 20 miles when people are out
there like that. It was incredible today. Reporter: We’ve seen
him surrounded by crowds of supporters, but the crowds go home.
Terry keeps running. I’m stubborn and competitive. And I really enjoy life.
I enjoy challenges. I don’t like people
feeling sorry for me. I don’t like pity. And I wanted to show these
other people what I could do. ♪ ♪ Announcer: The National
with Knowlton Nash. Good evening. A story
of incredible courage came to an end today. Yesterday I was running and I had noticed
a little bit of hardness in breathing. I decided I had to
go see the doctor. And it was discovered then that the cancer had spread. Now I’ve got cancer
in my lungs, and uh… Nash: From one end of the
country to the other, there has been a spontaneous outpouring of support
for Terry Fox and cancer research. ♪ ♪ Rarely, if ever,
have so many people been so deeply moved
by one individual. If it comes to a
point where I’m told I’m going to
die of cancer, I haven’t got a chance,
I’ve got to be able to face
that, and… Good evening. Terry Fox died this morning in
a British Columbia hospital, one month before
his 23rd birthday. He was very brave boy,
I must say. I feel very sad about it. Don’t cry, love. It’s alright.
Don’t cry, sweetie. It’s alright. I think he touched the hearts
of a lot of Canadians and they all really
look up to him. More than our sympathy. We would like you to express as
well our profound gratitude for the gift which Terry
gave to all of us. The gift of his own boundless
courage and hope. Mansbridge: Canadians
everywhere walked and jogged and ran to raise money for
the fight against cancer. ♪ ♪ [horn blares] Announcer: He accomplished
more in a few short months than most of us can
hope for in a lifetime. ♪ [“The National” theme] [no audio] ♪ [soft guitar] ♪ ♪>>Peter: AN UPDATE TO A STORY WE TOLD YOU ABOUT LAST WEEK, THE SOLE RAILWAY LINE INTO CHURCHILL MANITOBA HAS BEEN OUT OF COMMISSION SINCE LATE MAY. IT HAS BEEN DETERMINED THAT UNTIL THE FLOODED GROUND FREEZES, REPAIRS CANNOT BE MADE. BUT THAT DID NOT STOP ONE JOURNEY. MOTOR CYCLISTS FROM COLORADO DECIDED TO FOR GO THE WARNINGS AND RIDE NORTH. THEY ARE CAUSING A STIR BY CALLING THE TRACKS DRY AND FIXABLE. NOT EXACTLY AN EXPERT OPINION. HOWEVER, THEY TOOK PHOTOS AND GOT IN TOUCH WITH CHURCHILL’S MAYOR. HE SAID THE PHOTOS ARE ENCOURAGING. VIA RAIL ASKED TO MEET WITH THE MOTORCYCLISTS TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT THEIR JOURNEY. TRANSPORT CANADA SAID OMNITRAX, THE OPERATOR OF THE PORT HAS HIRED A THIRD PARTIED ENGINEER TO INSPECT THE RAILS.>>>A TRIP TO THE GROCERY STORE CAN FEEL OVERWHELMING. THERE ARE SO MANY OPTIONS AND A LOT OF LABELS TO READ. THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT WANTS TO ENCOURAGE CANADIANS TO MAKE HEALTHY CHOICES WITH A NEW, MORE PROMINENT WARNING SYSTEM. BUT AS SUSAN LUNN REPORTS, THE PROPOSAL IS NOT SITTING WELL WITH SOME IN THE FOOD INDUSTRY.>>Reporter: YOU HAVE BEEN HERE, AFTER WORK LOOKING FOR SOMETHING QUICK FOR DINNER. SO HAS THE FEDERAL HEALTH MINISTER.>>I KNOW HOW BUSY I AM AS A MOM. I DO GROCERY SHOPPING AND I AM FLYING THROUGH THE AISLES QUICKLY.>>Reporter: SHE WANTS TO MAKE IT EASIER TO PICK FOODS THAT ARE GOOD FOR YOU AND AVOID ONES HIGH IN SUGAR. AND SATURATED FAT. SO NEW WARNING SYMBOLS, STOP SIGNS OR TRIANGLES ARE COMING TO THE FRONT OF MANY FOOD PACKAGES.>>Interview: YOU KNOW AT THE YOGURT SECTION, THERE ARE HUNDREDS OF DIFFERENT KINDS OF YOGURT. HOW DO YOU FIGURE OUT QUICKLY, THIS KIND IS A HIGH SUGAR PRODUCT. I MAY NOT CHOOSE THAT.>>Reporter: IN FRANCE, THEY HAVE BEEN EATING CHEESE FOR YEARS.>>Reporter: THE DAIRY FARMERS DO NOT LIKE THE CALLINGS AGAINST EATING TOO MUCH CHEESE OR YOGURT. SAYING IT IS FOCUSSES TOO MUCH ON WHAT IS BAD.>>Interview: THERE IS VITAMIN B, VITAMIN C. THERE ARE A LOT OF OTHER NUTRIENTS THAT NEEDS TO BE COMPREHENDED WHEN YOU THINK ABOUT A BALANCED DIET.>>Reporter: THE FOOD MANUFACTURERS ARE NOT HAPPY EITHER. A REPORT WAS OBTAINED THAT WAS PRESENTED TO HEALTH CANADA IN MAY OUTLINING CONCERNS THOSE WARNING SYMBOLS WILL LEAVE THE PUBLIC WITH THE PERCEPTION THERE IS INHERENT DANGER FROM CONSUMING THE PRODUCT. PHILPOTT THERE IS A WAY THE COMPANIES CAN AVOID THE LABEL.>>MAKE IT WITH LESS SUGAR OR SALT. THAT WILL BE TO CANADIANS’ BENEFIT.>>Reporter: INDUSTRY SAID ALL THE CHANGES TO PACKAGES COULD COST $1.8 BILLION. PHILPOTT IS SYMPATHETIC. BUT SAID THERE IS ALSO THE COST OF PEOPLE NOT MAKING GOOD CHOICES IN WHAT THEY EAT.>>DIABETES IS A NUMBER ONE CHALLENGE. IF WE CAN HELP CANADIANS MAKE CHOICES SO THEY ARE NOT EATING SUCH A SUGARY DIET, THAT WILL BE — THE HEALTH BENEFITS OF THAT WILL FAR OUT WEIGH THE COSTS THAT WE DO RECOGNIZE ARE ASSOCIATED WITH THE REGULATORY CHANGES.>>Reporter: PHILPOTT SAID NO FINAL DECISIONS HAVE BEEN MADE ON ANY OF THESE CHANGES. HEALTH CANADA IS CONSULTING WITH INDUSTRY AND WITH YOU. YOU HAVE ANOTHER MONTH TO GIVE YOUR OPINION ON THE NEW CANADA FOOD GUIDE. SUSAN LUNN, CBC NEWS, OTTAWA.>>Peter: THAT IS “THE NATIONAL” THIS WEDNESDAY NIGHT. FOR NEWS AT ANY HOUR, YOU CAN ALWAYS GO TO OUR WEBSITE, CBCNEWS.CA. I’M PETER MANSBRIDGE. THANK YOU FOR WATCHING. [♪♪♪]

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