The National for Wednesday, August 28, 2019 — U.K. Parliament, Hurricane Prep, O’Leary Crash


(*)>>Andrew: TONIGHT, BORIS JOHNSON’S NEW BREXIT GAMUT. THE BRITISH PRIME MINISTER ENRAGES HIS OPPONENTS BY SUSPENDING PARLIAMENT. IS IT AN UNDEMOCRATIC MOVE IN THE NAME OF POPULISM? (*)>>BOTH BOATS WERE PLEASURE CRAFT. ONE WAS A LARGER BOAT.>>Andrew:.>>Ian: A SECOND PERSON HAS DIED AFTER THAT BOAT COLLISION THAT KEVIN O’LEARY SAYS THAT HE WAS INVOLVED IN. WE’LL HAVE THE LATEST FROM ONTARIO’S COTTAGE COUNTRY. (*)>>Andrew: AS PUERTO RICO BRACES FOR A HURRICANE, DONALD TRUMP LASHES OUT AT THEM. THE LATEST PRESIDENTIAL TWEET STORM.>>>THIS IS “THE NATIONAL.” (*)>>>PEOPLE ARE ROYALLY TICKED OFF IN THE U.K. TONIGHT. THERE ARE PROTESTS IN THE STREETS, AND THE BRITISH POUND IS PLUNGING OVER WHAT SOME ARE CALLING A DANGEROUS AND UNDEMOCRATIC MOVE BY THEIR NEW PRIME MINISTER, BORIS JOHNSON. NOW IT’S ALL WRAPPED UP IN BREXIT. TODAY JOHNSON ASKED THE QUEEN TO SUSPEND PARLIAMENT NEXT MONTH, WHICH MEANS THAT HIS OPPONENTS WILL HAVE LESS TIME TO TRY TO STOP A NO-DEAL BREXIT BEFORE THE OCTOBER 31st DEADLINE. SO WHAT DOES THAT MEAN? WELL, A NO-DEAL BREXIT WOULD MEAN BREAKING UP WITH THE EUROPEAN UNION, AS PLANNED, BUT WITHOUT AN AGREEMENT TO MINIMIZE THE IMPACT. HIS CRITICS HATE THAT IDEA. THEY THINK THAT IT WILL BE VERY MESSY. AND AS MARGARET EVANS SHOWS US, THEY DON’T LIKE HOW HE’S GOING ABOUT IT EITHER.>>[CHANTS]>>Reporter: THE BATTLE LINES OVER BREXIT THAT HAVE BEEN SHAPING BRITISH POLITICS FOR THREE YEARS NOW JUST GOT A WHOLE LOT SHARPER. THIS IS WHAT HAPPENED ON LONDON STREETS TODAY ONCE NEWS BROKE THAT THE BRITISH PRIME MINISTER BORIS JOHNSON HAD MOVED TO SUSPEND PARLIAMENT. CRITICS CALL IT AN ILL-DISGUISED ATTEMPT TO SILENCE M.P.s WHO WANT TO STOP JOHNSON FROM LEADING BRITAIN OUT OF THE EUROPEAN UNION WITHOUT AN AGREEMENT ON OCTOBER 31st.>>WELL, THE PRIME MINISTER IS DOING IS A SORT OF A SMASH-AND-GRAB ON OUR DEMOCRACY, IN ORDER TO FORCE THROUGH THE NO-DEAL EXIT FROM THE EUROPEAN UNION. WHAT’S HE SO AFRAID OF?>>Reporter: THE BRITISH PRIME MINISTER SENT MEMBERS OF THE PRIVY COUNCIL TO SEE THE QUEEN DURING HER SUMMER BREAK IN SCOTLAND THIS MORNING. HER APPROVAL OF THE SUSPENSION A FORMALITY. THE MOVE WILL SEE PARLIAMENT SHUTDOWN FOR FIVE WEEKS. JOHNSON INSISTS HE’S MERELY OBSERVING NORMAL PARLIAMENTARY PROCEDURE.>>THERE WILL BE AMPLE TIME ON BOTH SIDES OF THAT CRUCIAL OCTOBER THE 17th SUMMIT, AMPLE TIME.>>Reporter: ANALYSTS AREN’T SO SURE.>>TO DO IT NOW, TO DO IT IN THIS WAY, AND TO DO IT FOR SO LONG IT’S BEING SEEN AS A VERY CLEAR POLITICAL MANOEUVRE.>>Reporter: IT COMES JUST ONE DAY AFTER A CROSS-PARTY ALLIANCE OF M.P.s OPPOSED TO A DISORDERLY BREXIT MET AT WESTMINSTER TO AGREE A COMMON STRATEGY.>>WE HAVE TO STRIKE DOWN THE NO-DEAL AS AN OPTION.>>Reporter: THE SCOTTISH NATIONAL PARTY M.P. IAN BLACKFORD WAS ONE OF THEM. BACK IN HIS CONSTITUENCY TODAY HE SAYS THAT THEY WON’T GIVE UP.>>TAKE CONTROL OF THE ORDER PAPERS SO THAT PARLIAMENT HAS THE OPPORTUNITY TO LEGISTATE, NOT THE GOVERNMENT, AND WE HAVE TO MAKE SURE THAT WE EXPEDITE THAT, THAT WE CAN GET OURSELVES INTO A SAFE PLACE. THAT NO DEAL IS NOT THE POSITION. SO TIME IS AGAINST US, TIME IS SHORT.>>Reporter: SO ARE TEMPERS. THE BREXIT DEBATE HAVING SUNK ITS TEETH INTO THE COUNTRY FOR SO LONG NOW. THE SHOWDOWN BETWEEN THE PRIME MINISTER AND THE PARLIAMENT IS FAR FROM OVER. MARGARET EVANS, CBC NEWS, FORT WILLIAM, SCOTLAND.>>Andrew: NOW IF A NO-DEAL BREXIT DOES HAPPEN, THERE’S ALL KINDS OF WAYS THAT U.K. RESIDENTS WILL BE AFFECTED. AND ONE OF THE MOST IMMEDIATE IMPACTS COULD BE FELT IN THE GROCERY STORE. FOOD PRICES COULD INCREASE IF IMPORT DELAYS CLOG UP PORTS AND BORDERS. AND THE FOOD INDUSTRY WARNS THAT SOME FRESH FRUITS AND VEGETABLES COULD BE IN SHORT SUPPLY BECAUSE YOU CAN’T STOCKPILE THEM, THEY WON’T SURVIVE SITTING FOR DAYS IN THE BACK OF A TRUCK. LAST YEAR 28% OF FOOD CONSUMED IN THE U.K. CAME FROM THE E.U. A NO-DEAL BREXIT ALSO MEANS NO TRADE DEAL WITH THE E.U. THAT MEANS UNTIL ONE IS WORKED OUT THAT WORLD TRADE ORGINISATION RULES WOULD APPLY. AND THAT WOULD CHANGE WHAT ITEMS ARE TAXED AND BY HOW MUCH. SOME COMPANIES ARE WORRIED THAT COULD MAKE THEIR GOODS LESS COMPETITIVE. AND LURKING IN THE BACKGROUND OF ALL OF THAT, THE QUESTION OF WHAT WILL HAPPEN TO THE POUND STERLING. IF IT TANKS, THE BANK OF ENGLAND SAYS THAT PEOPLE ARE IN FOR, QUOTE, “A REAL ECONOMIC SHOCK.” THE PRICE OF EVERYTHING FROM GAS TO GROCERIES COULD SPIKE. AND, IAN, YOU’RE WATCHING THE OTHER BIG INTERNATIONAL STORY DEVELOPING RIGHT NOW.>>Ian: TONIGHT, ANDREW, WE HAVE OUR EYES ON A HURRICANE THAT IS MAKING LANDFALL. THAT IS HURRICANE DORIAN SLAMMING THE U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS WITH HEAVY RAIN AND WINDS UP TO 130 km/h. FLOODING AND POWER OUTAGES HAVE HIT BOTH THE U.S. AND BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS BUT SO FAR NO WORD ON ANY INJURIES OR MAJOR DAMAGE. AND TONIGHT THE FOCUS IS ALSO ON PUERTO RICO. IT HAS BEEN READYING FOR THE WORSE, THOUGH IT DIDN’T TAKE A DIRECT HIT. STILL, AS ELLEN MAURO TELLS US, THE ISLAND DID TAKE A POUNDING FROM DONALD TRUMP.>>Reporter: FIERCE WINDS LASH THE U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS AS HURRICANE DORIAN CHURNS ACROSS THE CARIBBEAN. IN PUERTO RICO TODAY LAST-MINUTE PREPARATIONS.>>[SPEAKING SPANISH]>>Reporter: WE’RE GOING TO GET A LOT OF RAIN, STRONG WIND THIS MAN SAYS, WE HAVE TO PROTECT OURSELVES. NEVER FAR FROM MIND HERE, HURRICANE MARIA, THE STORM THAT KILLED NEARLY 3,000 PUERTO RICANS IN 2017.>>[SPEAKING SPANISH]>>Reporter: “THANK GOD THAT WE HAVE PREPARED,” THIS MAN SAYS, “ESPECIALLY BECAUSE OF WHAT WE HAVE ALREADY EXPERIENCED.” MARIA’S IMPACT WAS POLITICAL TOO, WITH A FEUD BETWEEN THE ISLAND OFFICIALS AND DONALD TRUMP. TODAY DÉJÂ-VU. TRUMP TWEETING “FEMA, THE FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY AND ALL OTHERS ARE READY AND WILL DO A GREAT JOB. WHEN THEY DO, LET THEM KNOW IT, AND GIVE THEM A BIG THANK YOU — NOT LIKE LAST TIME. THAT INCLUDES FROM THE INCOMPETENT MAYOR OF SAN JUAN.” THE MAYOR OF SAN JUAN HIT BACK.>>WE SAY TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: WILL HIS LIES END? WILL HIS RACISM AND HIS VINDICTIVE BEHAVIOUR TOWARDS THE PEOPLE OF PUERTO RICO EVER END?>>Reporter: TONIGHT METEROLOGISTS SAY THAT PUERTO RICO WAS SPARED A DIRECT HIT. DORIAN IS NOW PREDICTED TO REACH FLORIDA AS A CATEGORY 3 HURRICANE EARLY NEXT WEEK. THERE RESIDENTS ALREADY STOCKING UP.>>I’M NOT THAT CONCERNED BUT I THINK THAT IT’S BETTER TO BE SAFE THAN SORRY.>>Reporter: THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION SAYS THAT IT’S READY TOO, EVEN THOUGH MORE THAN $200 MILLION FOR DISASTER RELIEF HAS JUST BEEN DIVERTED TO BORDER SECURITY INSTEAD.>>AND I THINK THAT THE PRESIDENT AND THE ADMINISTRATION ARE PROUD OF OUR RECORD OF RESPONDING TO HURRICANES.>>Reporter: A RECORD THAT COULD BE TESTED BY DORIAN AS PEAK HURRICANE SEASON BEGINS. ELLEN MAURO, CBC NEWS, WASHINGTON.>>Ian: WE’LL BE TRACKING THIS STORM THROUGHOUT THE NIGHT. STORM THROUGHOUT THE NIGHT. AND WE’RE ALSO WATCHING ANOTHER RAINMAKER BARRELING TOWARDS THE MARITIMES. IT IS JUST AFTER 11:00 p.m. IN CHARLOTTETOWN. TROPICAL STORM ERIN IS EXPECTED TO HIT THERE TOMORROW NIGHT. AND WHILE IT WILL LIKELY BE DOWNGRADED TO DEPRESSION BY THEN, THE AREAS TO LEFT OF THE ARROW WILL SEE HEAVY RAINFALL AND AREAS TO THE RIGHT WILL GET STRONG WINDS. BOATERS AT THE CHARLOTTETOWN MARINA WERE BATTENING DOWN THE HATCHES TODAY IN PREPARATION.>>WE CONTACTED A LOT OF THE BOATERS WITH THE LARGER BOATS AND ASKED THEM TO COME CHECK THEIR BOATS, CHECK THE LINES, TO MOVE OFF THE DOCKS IF NEED BE.>>Ian: THIS IS THE PEAK OF THE ATLANTIC HURRICANE SEASON WHICH LASTS THROUGH SEPTEMBER.>>>HIGH WATER AND STRONG WINDS OFF LAKE ERIE IN SOUTHWESTERN ONTARIO CAUSED SERIOUS FLOODING ALONG THE SHORELINE. A STATE OF EMERGENCY IS IN PLACE. A NERVE-RACKING TIME FOR THE RESIDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN TOLD TO LEAVE.>>I FEEL HORRIBLE, YOUR DREAMS AND YOUR HOPES ARE BASICALLY DESTROYED. EVERYTHING THAT I HAVE BEEN WORKING FOR TO RETIRE HERE.>>Ian: OFFICIALS SAY THAT THE CONDITIONS COULD LAST SEVERAL MORE DAYS.>>Andrew: TWO PEOPLE ARE NOW DEAD FROM A BOATING COLLISION THAT INVOLVED KEVIN O’LEARY. MOST PEOPLE KNOW HIM FROM TV AND, OF COURSE, HE WAS A FORMER CBC HOST AS WELL. THE TWO BOATS INVOLVED WERE ON LAKE JOSEPH WHICH IS ABOUT THREE HOURS NORTH OF TORONTO. THE CRASH HAPPENED NEAR EMERALD ISLAND IN SEGUIN TOWNSHIP. NOW TASHAUNA REID TRAVELLED THERE TO LEARN MORE ABOUT THE POLICE INVESTIGATION AND TO CAPTURE THE MOOD IN A TRAN QUICK LAKESIDE COMMUNITY NOW TOUCHED BY TRAGEDY.>>Reporter: LAKE JOSEPH IS A COTTAGE COMMUNITY KNOWN FOR ITS HIGH-END SUMMER HOMES AND FAMOUS RESIDENTS. AND POLICE SAY THAT NEARBY THIS ISLAND BEHIND ME IS WHERE THE COLLISION TOOK PLACE SATURDAY NIGHT. PROVINCIAL POLICE SAY THAT IT HAPPENED AROUND 11:30 ON SATURDAY EVENING. THEY DESCRIBE ONE BOAT AS A LARGE PLEASURE CRAFT THAT CAN HOLD UP TO 13 PEOPLE. AND THE OTHER AS A SMALLER SKI BOAT.>>WHEN WE ARRIVED AT THE SCENE WE WERE ADVISED BY AMBULANCE THAT BOTH BOATS HAD LEFT THE SCENE, ATTENDED LOCATIONS WHERE BOTH BOATS OR OCCUPANTS OF THE BOATS DID CONTACT AMBULANCE TO REPORT THE EMERGENCY.>>Reporter: TODAY POLICE IDENTIFIED THE TWO VICTIMS — SUZANA BRITO, A 48-YEAR-OLD MOTHER OF THREE FROM UXBRIDGE, ONTARIO, WAS CRITICALLY INJURED AND DIED IN HOSPITAL YESTERDAY. TODD THE MAYOR OF UXBRIDGE LAUDED HER ENERGY AND ENTHUSIASM. EARLIER SATURDAY SHE HAD POSTED THIS PICTURE WITH THE CAPTION “BEAUTIFUL DAY.” POLICE IDENTIFIED THE SECOND VICTIM AS GARY POLTASH, A 64-YEAR-OLD MAN FROM ONTARIO WHO DIED SATURDAY FOLLOWING THE CRASH. THREE OTHER PEOPLE WERE INJURED AND TREATED IN HOSPITAL, BUT POLICE ARE TIGHT-LIPPED ABOUT A POSSIBLE CAUSE AND WOULD NOT CONFIRM IF SPEED OR ALCOHOL PLAYED A ROLE.>>WE DO HAVE A WITNESS LIST THAT WE’RE INVESTIGATING, HOWEVER, THOSE INVESTIGATIONS HAVE TO BE COMPLETE. WE ARE ALWAYS ASKING FOR TIPS AND ASSISTANCE FROM THE PUBLIC.>>Reporter: BUT ANOTHER ANGLE OF THIS STORY IS ALSO EMERGING FROM CANADIAN TV PERSONALITY AND BUSINESSMAN KEVIN O’LEARY. O’LEARY RELEASED A STATEMENT REVEALING THAT HE WAS INVOLVED IN THE CRASH. “ON LATE SATURDAY NIGHT I WAS A PASSENGER IN A BOAT THAT WAS INVOLVED IN A TRAGIC COLLISION WITH ANOTHER WATERCRAFT THAT HAD NO NAVIGATION LIGHTS ON AND THEN FLED THE SCENE.” O’LEARY HAS A LAKEFRONT PROPERTY ON LAKE JOSEPH AND OFTEN SHARES ON LAKE JOSEPH AND OFTEN SHARES PHOTOS ON SOCIAL MEDIA SPENDING ON LAKE JOSEPH AND OFTEN SHARES PHOTOS ON SOCIAL MEDIA SPENDING TIME THERE. HE WENT ON TO SAY THAT HE IS COOPERATING WITH POLICE IN THIS INVESTIGATION. HOWEVER, PROVINCIAL POLICE WON’T EVEN CONFIRM THAT HE WAS INVOLVED, OR COMMENT ON HIS VERSION OF EVENTS. AND NOW THIS TIGHT KNIT COMMUNITY IS MOURNING TWO LIVES LOST AND HOPING THEY’LL GET ANSWERS AS TO WHAT HAPPENED. TASHAUNA REID, CBC NEWS, SEGUIN, ONTARIO.>>Ian: WITH BACK-TO-SCHOOL SEASON ON THE MINDS OF MANY PEOPLE, ONTARIO IS LOOKING TO MAKE CHANGES TO ITS CURRENT CURRICULUM. THE PROVINCE IS BLAMING THE PREVIOUS LIBERAL GOVERNMENT FOR A DROP IN STANDARDIZED TEST SCORES, ESPECIALLY WHEN IT COMES TO MATH. A NEW REPORT OUT TODAY FOUND THAT FEWER THAN HALF OF ALL GRADE SIX STUDENTS MET THE PROVINCIAL MATH STANDARD LAST SCHOOL YEAR, THAT’S COMPARED TO 61% 10 YEARS AGO. GRADE THREE STUDENT SCORES DROPPED AS WELL. ONE OF THE WAYS THAT THE GOVERNMENT SAYS THAT THEY PLAN TO CURB THAT TREND IS BY TESTING TEACHERS ON THEIR OWN MATH SKILLS. JAMIE STRASHIN LOOKS AT WHETHER THAT MIGHT BE A SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEM.>>I’M A MATH AND SCIENCE HIGH SCHOOL TEACHER.>>Reporter: DESIREE SYLVESTRE IS A TEACHER AND SHE KNOWS HOW HARD IT CAN BE. SHE QUESTIONS WHY NEW ELEMENTARY SCHOOLTEACHERS IN ONTARIO WILL HAVE TO ACHIEVE 70% ON A MATH COMPETENCY TEST BEFORE BEING ALLOWED TO TEACH.>>BY TAKING THE TEST IN THE BEGINNING SO THEN WE KNOW THAT THE PEOPLE THAT ARE ACTUALLY GOING THROUGH THE PROGRAMME THEY HAVE — WE KNOW THAT THEY’RE CAPABLE OF TEACHING MATH TO OUR KIDS. AS OPPOSED TO NOT HAVING TO KNOW IT, BUT THEN HAVING TO WRITE AN EXAM AT THE END.>>Reporter: ONTARIO’S EDUCATION MINISTER STEPHEN LECCE SAYS THIS IS PART OF ITS BACK-TO-BASICS APPROACH TO MATH.>>BY INTRODUCING A STANDARDIZED TEST THAT FOCUSES ON THOSE BASIC FOUNDATIONAL KNOWLEDGE, I THINK THAT OVERWHELMINGLY WILL SERVE STUDENTS BETTER.>>Reporter: LECCE SAYS THAT FORMS OF TESTING ARE FOUND IN OTHER LINES OF WORK.>>MOST PROFESSIONS ACCEPT THAT PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT IS A REALITY IN THE MARKETPLACE. AND IN THE INTEREST OF SERVING OUR STUDENTS WE HAVE TO CONSTANTLY IMPROVE OUR SKILLS AND HOW WE TEACH.>>Reporter: BUT EXPERTS CAUTION THAT THERE’S LITTLE EVIDENCE LINKING TEACHER TESTING WITH BETTER RESULTS IN THE CLASSROOM. UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO PROFESSOR MARY REID SAYS THAT IMPROVED CLASSROOM RESULTS COME THROUGH ONGOING INTENSIVE PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT.>>I DISAGREE WITH THIS APPROACH BECAUSE IT’S A HIGH-STAKES CERTIFICATION TEST AND WE KNOW THAT THERE ARE GOING TO BE EXCELLENT TEACHERS OUT THERE WHO CAN GROW THEIR PROFICIENCY IN OTHER WAYS AND NOT THROUGH A TEST.>>Reporter: IN THE U.S., 49 OF 50 STATES USE TEACHER TESTING, BUT SOME EXPERTS THERE SAY THAT CONCLUSIONS ABOUT STUDENT SUCCESS ARE HARD TO MAKE, ESPECIALLY FOR YOUNGER STUDENTS WHERE A STRONG CONNECTION TO THEIR TEACHER CAN OFTEN MEAN BETTER RESULTS IN THE CLASSROOM. BUT FOR NEW TEACHERS IN ONTARIO, COME NEXT YEAR BEFORE THEY MAKE THAT CONNECTION, THEY’LL HAVE TO PASS THEIR OWN TEST. JAMIE STRASHIN, CBC NEWS, TORONTO.>>Ian: ONTARIO ALSO ANNOUNCED TODAY PLANS TO TAKE ITS CARBON TAX FIGHT TO THE SUPREME COURT. IN JUNE THE PROVINCE’S COURT OF APPEALS SAID THAT THE FEDERAL PLAN WAS CONSTITUTIONAL. IN A STATEMENT, ONTARIO’S ENVIRONMENT MINISTER SAID, “WE REMAIN COMMITTED TO USING EVERY TOOL AT OUR DISPOSAL TO FIGHT AGAINST THE JOB-KILLING CARBON TAX, WHICH IS MAKING LIFE MORE EXPENSIVE FOR ONTARIO’S HARDWORKING INDIVIDUALS, FAMILIES AND BUSINESSES.”>>>WE’RE WATCHING SEVERAL OTHER STORIES, INCLUDING OUT OF MANITOBA WHERE AN ARMY RESERVIST FIRED FOR HIS CONNECTIONS TO A NEO-NAZI GROUP IS NOW MISSING. WE REPORTED THAT CORPORAL PATRIK MATHEWS IS RELIEVED HIS DUTIES. THEY SAY THERE’S NO WARRANT FOR HIS ARREST AND HE’S NOT FACING ANY CHARGES.>>>ALSO MAKING NEWS IN MANITOBA TONIGHT, THE PROVINCIAL LEADERS’ DEBATE.>>WE’RE GETTING A RECORD NUMBER –>>[indiscernible]>>IT’S NOT TRUE.>>ABSOLUTELY TRUE.>>NO MATTER HOW MANY TIMES YOU STATE IT, IT DOESN’T MAKE IT TRUE.>>Ian: LEADERS OF THE FOUR MAIN POLITICAL PARTIES TRADED BARBS OVER ISSUES LIKE HEALTH CARE, HYDRO AND THE ECONOMY. AND MANITOBANS HAVE JUST TWO WEEKS LEFT TO DECIDE WHO THEY WANT FOR THEIR NEXT PREMIER. THEY HEAD TO THE POLLS SEPTEMBER 10th.>>Andrew:? REMARKABLE PICTURES HAVE EMERGED FROM CANADA’S FAR NORTH, A HAUNTING LOOK INSIDE H.M.S. TERROR, ONE OF THE LOST SHIPS OF THE FRANKLIN EXPEDITION. THE TERROR, ALONG WITH H.M.S. EREBUS DISAPPEARED IN 1848 WHILE SEARCHING FOR THE NORTHWEST PASSAGE. IT WOULD TAKE MORE THAN 150 YEARS TO FIND THE EREBUS AND IT WAS FOUND IN 2014. AND THE TERROR WAS FOUND TWO YEARS LATER JUST A LITTLE FARTHER NORTH. BUT IT HADN’T BEEN THOROUGHLY STUDIED UNTIL NOW. DAVID COMMON SHOWS US WHY THERE’S SO MUCH EXCITEMENT ABOUT WHAT IS EMERGING.>>Reporter: TAKING ADVANTAGE OF A NARROW ICE-FREE WINDOW IN CANADA’S FAR NORTH, PARKS CANADA UNDERWATER ARCHAEOLOGISTS ARE EXPLORING WHAT MUST BE ONE OF THE BEST PRESERVED SHIPWRECKS OF ITS ERA ANYWHERE. LIKE SO MUCH ELSE, THE SHIP’S WHEEL FROZEN IN TIME, PROTECTED BY ICE COLD WATER AND DEEP, AWAY FROM THE DAMAGING SUNLIGHT. INSIDE, RECORDED BY AN UNDERWATER ROBOT, SLEEPING COMPARTMENTS STILL INTACT AS IF THE CREW HAD JUST WALKED AWAY. STOREROOMS WITH BOTTLES, PERHAPS FOR RUM. FIREARMS ENCASED IN RUST. EVEN PLATES, LAST USED BY DOOMED MEN ON A MISSION WOVEN INTO CANADA’S HISTORY. IN 1845, TWO SHIPS, H.M.S. EREBUS AND TERROR LEFT ENGLAND IN SEARCH OF THE NORTHWEST PASSAGE. BUT AS WINTER SET IN SO TOO DID THE ARCTIC ICE. FOR TWO YEARS IT DID NOT CLEAR, TRAPPING AND EVENTUALLY SINKING THE VESSELS. RESCUE MISSIONS FAILED TO FIND THEM. ALL ABANDONED THE SHIPS. FOR YEARS ARCHAEOLOGISTS LIKE RYAN HARRIS TRIED TO JUST FIND THE WRECK. NOW THAT HE’S ABLE TO DIVE ALMOST INTO IT HE’S AMAZED.>>THE SENSATION OF COURSE, IS, THE EXHILARATION OF SEEING THE SPACE SO INTACT WHERE ALL THESE SAILORS INHABITED AND WENT ABOUT THEIR DAY-TO-DAY LIVES ON BOARD THE SHIP.>>Reporter: BUT WHAT HAPPENED TO THAT CREW WHEN THEY LEFT THE SHIP STUCK IN SOLID ICE? THE ANSWER COULD BE WRITTEN DOWN AND DIVERS BELIEVE IN GOOD ENOUGH CONDITION TO READ, LOCKED INSIDE THIS DESK IN THE CABIN OF TERROR’S CAPTAIN FRANCIS CROZIER.>>IT’S A VERY TANTALIZING PROSPECT… WRITTEN MATERIALS ON THE SHIP COULD SHED ALL KINDS OF LIGHT ON WHAT TRANSPIRED.>>Reporter: WHAT’S DOWN THERE INCREDIBLY WELL PRESERVED, A REMARKABLE CONNECTION TO THE PAST, AND IN NEAR PRISTINE CONDITION. DAVID COMMON, CBC NEWS, TORONTO.>>Andrew: THAT IS PRETTY AMAZING. NOW THE ARCHAEOLOGY TEAM FROM PARKS CANADA HAS NOW MOVED SOUTH TO THE SITE OF THE EREBUS AND THEY’RE USING THEIR TINY UNDERWATER ROBOT TO CAPTURE VIDEO FROM THAT WRECK AS WELL.>>>OKAY, STILL AHEAD ON “THE NATIONAL”…>>>IMAGINE WINNING THE LOTTERY AND THEN KEEPING IT A SECRET FOR 10 MONTHS. YOU’LL MEET THE MAN BEHIND THIS $60 MILLION MYSTERY.>>Ian: REMEMBERING A MAN WHO MADE REMEMBERING NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR’S HISTORY HIS LIFE’S WORK.>>Andrew: FIRST, WE GO IN-DEPTH ON TREATING ADDICTION.>>Reporter: YOU SHOULDN’T GIVE HEROIN TO HEROIN ADDICTS, SHOULDN’T THEY QUIT?>>THE REASON THAT WE PROVIDE HEROIN TO PEOPLE AND WHY WE DON’T EXPECT THEM TO QUIT IS BECAUSE THAT SIMPLY DOESN’T WORK.>>Andrew: NICK PURDON ON ONE CONTROVERSIAL PROJECT THAT IS SAVING LIVES. BUT FIRST… [Applause]>>>BOBBING ON THE WATER, A WAVE TO HER FANS. 16-YEAR-OLD CLIMATE ACTIVIST GRETA THUNBERG SAILED INTO LOWER MANHATTAN TODAY. [Applause] HUNDREDS OF FELLOW ACTIVISTS WERE THERE TO GREET HER AS SHE FOUND HER LAND LEGS AGAIN.>>ALL OF THIS IS VERY OVERWHELMING AND THE GROUND IS STILL SHAKING FOR ME.>>Andrew: FOR TWO WEEKS SHE SAILED FROM PLYMOUTH, ENGLAND, TO NEW YORK CITY TO ATTEND A U.N. CONFERENCE ON GLOBAL WARMING. SHE REFUSED TO FLY BECAUSE OF ITS ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT.>>IT IS INSANE THAT A 16-YEAR-OLD WOULD HAVE TO CROSS THE ATLANTIC OCEAN TO MAKE A STAND.>>Andrew: OF COURSE THUNBERG IS USED TO RALLYING PEOPLE. SHE INSPIRED CLIMATE STRIKES AROUND THE WORLD, INCLUDING HERE IN CANADA.>>THE TRUE LEADERS RIGHT NOW ARE ALL OF THE YOUTH THAT ARE TAKING CLIMATE ACTION SERIOUSLY.>>WE NEED TO STAND TOGETHER AND TO SUPPORT EACH OTHER AND TO TAKE ACTION BECAUSE OTHERWISE IT MIGHT BE TOO LATE.>>Andrew: THUNBERG HAS LEFT SCHOOL FOR A YEAR, DEDICATING HERSELF TO THIS CAUSE. (*) (*)>>JOHNSON & JOHNSON BUILT ITS BILLION DOLLAR BRAND OUT OF (*)>>JOHNSON & JOHNSON BUILT ITS BILLION DOLLAR BRAND OUT OF GREED AND ON THE BACKS OF PAIN AND SUFFERING.>>Andrew: IT’S A WEEK OF RECKONING FOR DRUG COMPANIES IN THE U.S. AN OKLAHOMA JUDGE ORDERED JOHNSON & JOHNSON TO PAY $572 MILLION AFTER FINDING IT RESPONSIBLE FOR HELPING FUEL THE OPIOID CRISIS. WHAT’S MORE, PURDUE PHARMA IS NOW REPORTEDLY IN TALKS FOR A MULTIBILLION DOLLAR NATIONWIDE SETTLEMENT. AND HERE IN CANADA, OF COURSE, THE HUMAN TOLL STILL CLIMBING. FROM THE BEGINNING OF 2016 UNTIL THE BEGINNING OF THIS YEAR, 11,500 PEOPLE ARE BELIEVED TO HAVE DIED BECAUSE OF OPIOIDS. IN 2018, THAT MEANT ONE LIFE NEARLY EVERY TWO HOURS AND BRITISH COLUMBIA WAS HIT HARDEST. BUT THERE IN A DESPERATE ATTEMPT TO KEEP PEOPLE ALIVE, ONE CLINIC IS TRYING SOMETHING DIFFERENT, GIVING THOSE WHO ARE ADDICTED THE VERY DRUGS THAT THEIR BODY NEEDS. NICK PURDON SHARES ONE MAN’S STORY.>>HI. HOW ARE YOU TODAY?>>GOOD. HOW ARE YOU?>>FINE, CAN’T COMPLAIN. THANK YOU KINDLY.>>Reporter: I WANT YOU TO MEET KIRAN COLLINS. NOW KIRAN HAS BEEN USING DRUGS SINCE HE WAS A TEENAGER. HE’S NOW 39 AND THIS IS THE MOST IMPORTANT PART OF HIS DAY. ACTUALLY IT HAPPENS TWICE A DAY. KIRAN IS IN A PROGRAMME WHERE THEY GIVE HIM A SYRINGE OF HEROIN AND HE INJECTS IT. IT’S JUST ENOUGH SO THAT HE DOESN’T GET SICK OR GO INTO WITHDRAWAL.>>IT’S NOT LIKE THIS PROBLEM JUST GOES AWAY. I’M LUCKY TO BE ALIVE. THANK YOU KINDLY. YOU GUYS HAVE AN EXCELLENT DAY. THANK YOU VERY MUCH.>>SO DID YOU GET YOUR SHOT?>>ALL GRAVY.>>Reporter: KIRAN IS ONE OF 140 PEOPLE WHO GET THEIR HEROIN AT THE CROSS TOWN CLINIC IN VANCOUVER. FOR ALL OF THEM, OTHER TREATMENTS LIKE METHADONE HAVEN’T WORKED. NOW THE IDEA HERE IS AS CONTROVERSIAL AS IT IS SIMPLE — GIVE KIRAN AND THE OTHERS A CLEAN SUPPLY OF HEROIN SO THEY DON’T TAKE STREET DRUGS LIKE FENTANYL.>>IT’S SAFE TO SAY IF IT WASN’T FOR THIS PROGRAMME I’D BE DEAD.>>IF I WASN’T HERE I’D BE IN AN URN OR UNDERGROUND.>>THERE ARE A LOT OF PEOPLE WHO ARE JUST IN DESPERATION.>>Reporter: THE BACKDROP OF WHAT GOES ON IN HERE IS AN OVERDOSE CRISIS ACROSS THE COUNTRY. THERE HAVE BEEN MORE THAN 10,000 OPIOID RELATED DEATHS IN CANADA SINCE 2016. IN BRITISH COLUMBIA LIFE EXPECTANCY IS ACTUALLY GOING DOWN. SO FAR KIRAN HAS MANAGED TO SURVIVE. IS THIS PROGRAMME THE KEY TO KEEPING HIM ALIVE? THIS STORY ACTUALLY STARTS THREE YEARS AGO WHEN I FIRST MET KIRAN. BACK IN 2016 HE HAD A $100-A-DAY HEROIN ADDICTION AND KIRAN TOLD ME WHAT IT TOOK FOR HIM TO FEED IT.>>I WAKE UP AND I WAKE UP AND I’VE GOT AN ADDICTION, A MONSTER TO FEED. AND YOU GO OUT — I GO OUT AND I — WHATEVER I HAVE TO DO…>>Reporter: YOU SAID TO FEED THE MONSTER. WHAT IS THAT, WHY DO YOU CALL IT THAT?>>WELL, THAT’S WHAT IT MAKES YOU BECOME. YOU’RE DOING THINGS THAT YOU DON’T REALLY WANT TO DO THAT YOU WEREN’T RAISED TO DO, THAT YOU KNOW THAT ARE WRONG BUT YOU GOT ACCUSTOMED TO HAVING TO FEED THIS. IT DOESN’T GET ANY BETTER.>>Reporter: BACK THEN KIRAN KNEW ABOUT THE HEROIN PROGRAMME. IN FACT, HE WAS DESPERATE TO HAVE A SPOT. EVERY CHANCE HE GOT HE MET WITH THE GUY WHO COULD GET HIM IN. THERE WAS NEVER AN OPENING. AND FOR KIRAN THE CLOCK WAS TICKING.>>THE TIME GOES BY SO FAST, DAYS TURN INTO WEEKS AND WEEKS TURN INTO MONTHS AND BEFORE YOU TURN INTO MONTHS AND BEFORE YOU KNOW IT YOU START — WELL, 20 YEARS HAVE GONE BY.>>Reporter: IF THINGS DON’T CHANGE FOR YOU, WHAT’S GOING TO HAPPEN?>>OH, I’LL BE DEAD IN NOT LONG. I HAVE OVERDOSED A COUPLE DOZEN TIMES. AND I CAN’T JUST KEEP RELYING ON LUCK. ONE OF THESE TIMES I’M GOING TO BITE THE — I WON’T COME OUT OF IT.>>Reporter: WHAT’S IT LIKE TO SAY THAT?>>IT DOESN’T FEEL GOOD. THAT’S NOT THE WAY THAT I’D LIKE TO GO. EVER. ESPECIALLY HOW THAT WOULD MAKE MY FAMILY FEEL. [SIRENS]>>ALL RIGHT, THANK YOU. I’M — YEAH, I’LL BE ON MY WAY.>>Reporter: EVENTUALLY KIRAN’S PERSISTENCE PAID OFF AND TWO YEARS AGO HE GOT A SPOT IN THE PROGRAMME. THIS IS KIRAN TODAY. I WONDER HOW MUCH HIS LIFE HAS CHANGED NOW THAT HE GETS HIS HEROIN FROM THE CLINIC.>>THEY’RE NOT MEDICATING US TO THE POINT THAT WE’RE LIKE — THEY JUST GIVE US ENOUGH SO THAT WE’RE FUNCTIONABLE AND WE’RE NOT — UM, A MESS. AND SO WE CAN BE — GET, YOU KNOW, FEEL WHAT IT IS TO BE — HAVE A CHANCE AT BEING HUMAN AGAIN.>>Reporter: WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY THAT?>>BEFORE IT ALMOST FELT THAT I WAS JUST EXISTING. BUT NOW SOME DAYS I WAKE UP AND IT’S LIKE, WHOA, WOW — FOR EXAMPLE –>>Reporter: LIKE, WOW I’M ALIVE?>>YEAH, YEAH. LUCKY TO BE ALIVE.>>Reporter: AND HE’S TAKING ADVANTAGE OF THAT. KIRAN HAS RECONNECTED WITH HIS FAMILY.>>I SEE MY FAMILY REGULARLY AND I’M AN UNCLE NOW. MY LITTLE SISTER HAS A KID AND I SEE HIM ALL THE TIME.>>Reporter: RIGHT NOW KIRAN IS ON HIS WAY TO MEET HIS DAD, WAYNE COLLINS.>>WE HAVE TO TAKE THIS GUY AND JUST GIVE ME A HAND WITH IT DOWN THERE TO THE IT, AND WE’LL STACK SOME OF THAT ON IT.>>Reporter: WAYNE WANTS TO HAVE KIRAN HELP HIM IN HIS GRAPHIC DESIGN STUDIO.>>I THINK WE CAN CLEAN UP ALL OF THIS STUFF THAT IS JUST IN THE AISLE HERE AND GET THIS MACHINE FREE AGAIN, RIGHT?>>Reporter: JUST THE FACT THAT KIRAN IS HERE WORKING IS REMARKABLE. WHEN HE WAS FEEDING HIS HABIT ON THE STREET HE WOULD DISAPPEAR FOR MONTHS, SOMETIMES LONGER. AND THEN THERE WERE TIMES WHEN WAYNE FEARED HE’D LOST HIS SON FOREVER.>>I HAVE NURSED HIM THROUGH COMAS AND I HAVE NURSED HIM THROUGH FALLING OUT OF A THREE STOREY WINDOW AND WONDERING IF HE’D COME BACK TO ME. I HAD THE PHONE CALL FROM HIS LANDLORD THAT SAYS HE’S D.O.A., YOU KNOW, YOU’VE GOT TO GO DOWN TO THE HOSPITAL AND COLLECT A BODY AND IDENTIFY A BODY. AND HE’S BACK. IF WE PUT THAT UP IN THOSE SPACES UP THERE –>>THAT WOULD BE GOOD.>>Reporter: FOR WAYNE, THE BIGGEST CHANGE IN HIS SON IS NOW WHEN KIRAN SAYS HE’LL DO SOMETHING, HE FOLLOWS THROUGH.>>I BELIEVE IN MY HEART THAT HE’S GOING TO WALK OUT OF THIS. AND SOME PEOPLE GO, OH, YOU’RE CRAZY, 20 YEARS AND YOU’RE STILL BELIEVING. BUT THAT’S PART OF KNOWING THE WHOLE PERSON. I KNEW WHEN I HAD THAT BABY IN MY HANDS, I KNEW THAT THIS PERSON WAS HERE TO TEACH ME A LOT ABOUT UNCONDITIONAL LOVE. AND THAT’S BEEN — THAT’S BEEN THE MAIN LESSON. I THINK THAT PEOPLE WHO TALK ABOUT TOUGH LOVE FOR ADDICTS, IT’S KIND OF THE EASY WAY OUT TO JUST BE THE TOUGH DAD WHO’S GOING TO GO, I’M NOT PUTTING UP WITH ANY OF THAT CRAP. YOU’RE AN ADDICT AND I’LL JUST USE TOUGH LOVE. IT’S WAY HARDER TO STAY ENGAGED AND PRACTISE UNCONDITIONAL LOVE AND SHOW LOVE FOR SOMEBODY WHO’S LOST. YOU WANT TO SIT?>>YEAH. I DO WHAT I DO BECAUSE I’M ADDICTED TO IT, NOT BECAUSE IT’S SOME — I HAVE A CHOICE IN THE MATTER. YOU KNOW, PEOPLE GET ADDICTED TO DRUGS AND THEY DON’T DO THEM BECAUSE THEY WANT TO DO THEM. THEY HAVE TO DO THEM. YOU’RE A FRICKING SLAVE. [SIRENS]>>Reporter: WHAT KIRAN DESCRIBES IS A ROWALLITY HERE FOR A LOT OF PEOPLE IN VANCOUVER’S DOWNTOWN EAST SIDE. THE 140 SPOTS IN THE PROGRAMME ARE JUST A DROP IN THE BUCKET.>>BECAUSE WE KNOW THE TREATMENT ACROSS TOWN WORKS…>>Reporter: THE PROGRAMME RESEARCH COORDINATOR SAYS THAT TO MEET THE DEMAND YOU’D HAVE TO OPEN UP FIVE MORE CLINICS. BUT EXPANDING A PROGRAMME THAT GIVES OUT FREE HEROIN AND DOESN’T PUSH PEOPLE TO QUIT ISN’T AN EASY SELL. AFTER ALL, THIS IS HEROIN WE’RE TALKING ABOUT. AND ISN’T HEROIN A POISON?>>NO, IF YOU HAVE A CLEAN, SAFE REGULATED SUPPLY, THE DRUG ITSELF, IT’S NOT HARMFUL FOR YOU. I WON’T SAY THAT IT’S GOOD FOR YOU. BUT SOMEONE COULD LIVE TO BE A HUNDRED YEARS OLD AND USE HEROIN EVERY DAY IF IT’S NOT TAINTED WITH ANY CONTAMINANTS OR WHATNOT.>>Reporter: SHOULD WE BE GIVING HEROIN TO HEROIN ADDICTS? SHOULDN’T THEY QUIT?>>THE REASON THAT WE GIVE HEROIN TO PEOPLE AND WHY WE DON’T EXPECT THEM TO QUIT IS BECAUSE THAT SIMPLY DOESN’T WORK. WE TRIED THAT FOR THE PAST MANY DECADES. WHY DON’T WE JUST PUT PEOPLE IN TREATMENT? WELL, WE HAVE DONE THAT. WHY DO NOT WE JUST PUT THEM IN JAIL? WELL, WE HAVE DONE THAT. BUT THE PROBLEM STILL EXISTS. SO WHY DON’T WE INSTEAD FOCUS ON BUILDING PEOPLE’S QUALITY OF LIFE, KEEPING PEOPLE HEALTHY, AND NOW YOU HAVE THEM THERE IN A HEALTH CARE SETTING AND NOW THEIR REAL WORK BEGINS.>>I’LL GO ASK HER IF I CAN TAKE AND BUY HER A DINNER. A VERY PRETTY GIRL.>>Reporter: IN KIRAN’S CASE, THE CLINIC HELPED HIM TO GET A PLACE TO LIVE. AS FOR THE HEROIN THAT COSTS $27,000 A YEAR BUT KURT ARGUES THAT IS ACTUALLY CHEAP. HE SAYS IF KIRAN GOT HIS DRUGS ON THE STREETS, SOCIETY WOULD PAY TWICE AS MUCH ON CRIME AND HOSPITAL VISITS. AND HOW DO YOU PUT A PRICE TAG ON PEOPLE DYING?>>YOU KNOW, I RAN INTO A FRIEND OF MINE’S MOM AND I WAS THERE WHEN HE OVERDOSED AND DIED. AND SHE ALWAYS KIND OF STOPS ME AND SHE’S MAD BECAUSE SHE OBVIOUSLY LOST HER SON.>>SURE.>>I THINK THAT SHE KIND OF BLAMES ME.>>Reporter: THE REALITY IS THAT PEOPLE ARE DYING ALL AROUND KIRAN EVERY DAY. BUT ONLY NOW THAT HIS DRUGS ARE SUPPLIED TO HIM CAN HE SEE HIMSELF LEAVING THAT WORLD BEHIND. AND THAT’S SOMETHING THAT HE’S EAGER TO SHARE WITH KIRK.>>YOU GET TO STABLE DOSE AND THEN LESSER AND LESSER AND LESSER OF A DOSE AND IN TIME HOPEFULLY GET MYSELF OFF OF IT AND FIND WAYS TO KEEP MYSELF BUSY.>>SO YOU SEE YOURSELF AT SOME POINT NOT USING THE CLINIC ANYMORE?>>I LIKE THE IDEA OF THAT. I TOLD THE DOCTOR WHEN I GOT BACK ON IT THAT I WOULDN’T WASTE HIS TIME. AND THAT ONE DAY I WOULDN’T DIE A STATISTIC, THAT I’D LIKE TO ACTUALLY KNOW WHAT IT WOULD FEEL LIKE TO BE ABLE TO LIVE WITHOUT HAVING A VICE OF BEING — OF PUTTING, YOU KNOW, NARCOTICS IN MY BODY EVERY DAY. I’D LIKE TO KNOW WHAT IT FEELS LIKE. WHEN I LEAVE THIS WORLD I’D LIKE TO BE IN A CLEAR MINDSET. THINGS ARE STILL A LOT MORE STABLE. AND I NEEDED THAT. NOW I’M FIGURING OUT WHAT I WANT TO DO. AND IT FEELS GOOD TO HAVE SOME SENSE OF DIRECTION.>>Reporter: NICK PURDON, CBC NEWS, VANCOUVER.>>Ian: STILL AHEAD ON “THE NATIONAL”…>>>A NOVA SCOTIA COMMUNITY’S UNIQUE WAY TO WELCOME MUCH-NEEDED DOCTORS.>>Andrew: AND UNLOCKING A NEW CLUE IN IDENTIFYING AND HELPING TO TREAT SEVERE MENTAL ILLNESS.>>THIS COULD BE BIG AND THIS COULD BE VERY HELPFUL.>>Andrew: CHRISTINE BIRAK WILL EXPLAIN FOR US NEXT. (*) (*)>>Ian: WELCOME BACK. WE’RE FOLLOWING DEVELOPING STORIES, INCLUDING THE TIGHTENING OF THE 2020 U.S. PRESIDENTIAL RACE.>>I WANTED YOU TO HEAR FROM IT ME FIRST THAT AFTER MORE THAN EIGHT INCREDIBLE MONTHS I’M ENDING MY CAMPAIGN.>>Ian: KIRSTEN GILLIBRAND ENDED HER RUN TO BE THE DEMOCRATIC NOMINEE THIS EVENING. THE NEW YORK SENATOR HAD A TOUGH TIME GAINING NATIONAL SUPPORT AND FAILED TO QUALIFY FOR THE NEXT TELEVISED DEBATE. GILLIBRAND IS THE FIRST SENATOR TO DROP OUT OF THE CROWDED DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY.>>>AT LEAST 25 PEOPLE HAVE BEEN KILLED AT A BAR IN SOUTHEASTERN MEXICO. THE FIRE IS BELIEVED TO HAVE BEEN STARTED BY GANG MEMBERS. THERE ARE REPORTS THAT THEY BLOCKED THE EMERGENCY EXITS BEFORE STARTING THE FIRE WITH MOLOTOV COCKTAILS. THE SUSPECTS HAVE NOT BEEN CAPTURED.>>>A RACE CAR DRIVER KNOWN AS THE FASTEST WOMAN ON FOUR WHEELS HAS DIED TRYING TO BREAK A LAND SPEED RECORD. JESSI COMBS CRASHED A 17-METRE JET-SHAPED RACE CAR IN SOUTHEAST OREGON YESTERDAY. NO DETAILS HAVE BEEN RELEASED BUT WE DO KNOW THAT IT HAPPENED ON A DRY LAKE BED. COMBS WAS 39.>>AN EXPLOSIVE VOLCANIC ERUPTION OFF THE NORTH COAST OF SICILY SENT RESIDENTS AND TOURISTS SCRAMBLING TO SAFETY TODAY. FORTUNATELY NO REPORTS OF DEATHS OR INJURIES OR EVEN DAMAGE. A BLAST LAST MONTH RELEASED MAGMA AND KILLED A HIKER.>>Andrew: WELL, ONE LOOK AT THE NUMBERS AND YOU CAN SEE HOW WIDESPREAD MENTAL ILLNESS IS IN CANADA. IN ANY GIVEN YEAR, ONE IN FIVE PEOPLE WILL EXPERIENCE SOME FORM OF IT. THAT’S ABOUT SEVEN MILLION OF US. AND FOLKS WITH MENTAL ILLNESS ARE TWICE AS LIKELY TO SUFFER FROM SUBSTANCE ABUSE THAN THOSE IN THE GENERAL POPULATION. NOW ONE REASON THAT MIGHT BE IS BECAUSE MANY PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS ARE ASSOCIATED WITH IMPULSIVE BEHAVIOUR, THE DESIRE FOR A QUICK FIX. SO TODAY CANADIAN RESEARCHERS ARE POINTING TO A NEW TREATMENT APPROACH. CHRISTINE BIRAK EXPLAINS.>>Reporter: MOST PEOPLE WOULD NOT DO THIS. BUT SOMEONE MORE IMPULSIVE WOULD — SPEEDING, EXCESSING DRINKING AND SMOKING, GAMBLING. AT SOME POINT YOUR BRAIN DECIDES, DO I NEED INSTANT GRATIFICATION? OR AM I WILLING TO WAIT FOR LONG-TERM REWARDS? SCIENTISTS HAVE FOUND THAT PEOPLE WITH PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS ARE FAR MORE LIKELY TO CHOOSE THE “NOW” OVER THE FUTURE.>>I FEEL LIKE, YEAH, I’M GOING TO DO THIS BECAUSE I’M GOING TO FEEL EUPHORIA AND I’LL FEEL EXHILARATED AND IT’S THE RIGHT THING.>>Reporter: SUFFERING FROM UNDIAGNOSED MENTAL ILLNESS AND FUELLED BY ALCOHOL, HE RECALLS TIMES WHEN HE’D WALK OUT INTO TRAFFIC, RISKING HIS LIFE ON IMPULSE.>>THE THOUGHTS OF THE CONSEQUENCES DON’T REALLY CROSS YOUR MIND VERY MUCH.>>Reporter: CANADIAN SCIENTISTS EXAMINED MORE THAN 40 STUDIES TIED TO IMPULSIVITY. THEY FOUND THAT PEOPLE WITH VARIOUS PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS RANGING FROM MAJOR DEPRESSION AND BIPOLAR DISORDER TO SCHIZOPHRENIA ALL HAVE A HIGHER TENDENCY TO CHOOSE SMALLER, IMMEDIATE REWARDS OVER LARGER, DELAYED REWARDS.>>WE KNOW THAT’S IMPORTANT BECAUSE IMPULSIVITY AND SORT OF INABILITY TO WAIT FOR DELAYED REWARD HAS IMPLICATIONS FOR TREATMENT.>>THIS COULD BE BIG AND THIS COULD BE VERY HELPFUL.>>Reporter: THIS PSYCHIATRIST SAYS THAT UNDERSTANDING HOW SOMEONE VIEWS THE FUTURE CAN SHAPE CONVERSATIONS AND TREATMENTS FOR PEOPLE WITH SEVERE MENTAL ILLNESS.>>FOR SOMEBODY LIKE ME WHO IS A CLINICIAN I MIGHT SAY TO MY PATIENTS IN SIX WEEKS TAKING A MED YOU’LL FEEL BETTER. THAT MIGHT BE TOO FAR IN THE FUTURE. I SHOULD USE DIFFERENT LANGUAGE AND THINK ABOUT THINGS DIFFERENTLY.>>THESE IMPULSES DON’T FULLY GO AWAY.>>Reporter: WITH MEDICATION HARVEY SAYS HE CAN NOW SEE HOW CERTAIN THERAPIES HAVE CHALLENGED HIM TO CHALLENGE IMPULSIVE THOUGHTS AND THINK LONGER TERM.>>THE MAIN THING THAT I LEARNED IS JUST BEING AS PRESENT AND FOCUSED AS POSSIBLE SO THAT YOU CAN ACTUALLY OBSERVE THOSE THOUGHTS AND OBSERVE THOSE FEELINGS AND NOT ATTACH YOURSELF TO THEM AND THEN YOU CAN MAKE CHOICES THAT ARE NOT AS DESTRUCTIVE.>>Reporter: HE HOPES THAT THIS REVIEW CAN GIVE OTHERS LIKE HIM AND THEIR FAMILIES INSIGHT INTO THE MIND OF SOMEONE WHO IS STRUGGLING, ALONG WITH HOPE FOR BETTER TREATMENTS IN THE FUTURE. CHRISTINE BIRAK, CBC NEWS, TORONTO.>>Ian: STILL AHEAD ON “THE NATIONAL”…>>>REMEMBERING A NEWFOUNDLANDER WHO SPENT HIS LIFE KEEPING HIS PROVINCE’S HISTORY ALIVE.>>ANYTHING THAT HE HAD IN HIS MIND OR IN HIS HEART WAS AVAILABLE TO EVERYBODY.>>Ian: THE LIFE AND LEGACY OF LARRY DOHEY NEXT. (*) (*)>>Ian: THE PEOPLE OF NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR ARE WELL KNOWN FOR THEIR STORYTELLING TRADITION. TONIGHT THEY’RE MOURNING A MAN WHO HAS BEEN DEDICATED TO DUSTING OFF TALES FROM THE PROVINCE’S HISTORY AND BRINGING THEM TO VIVID LIFE. LARRY DOHEY WAS AN ARCHIVIST BASED IN ST. JOHN’S BUT KNOWN FAR AND WIDE AS A CULTURAL AMBASSADOR. HE DIED SUDDENLY AT THE AGE OF 59. CHRIS O’NEILL-YATES SHOWS US WHY HE’LL BE DEEPLY MISSED.>>Reporter: IN A PLACE KNOWN FOR COLOURFUL STORYTELLERS IT TAKES A LOT TO STAND OUT, BUT LARRY DOHEY WAS A NATURAL.>>IT WAS REALLY ALL ABOUT THE DRINKING AND ALL ABOUT THE DANCING AND ALL ABOUT THE MUSIC…>>Reporter: DIGGING INTO THE ARCHIVES, CONNECTING THE HISTORICAL DOTS.>>WE’RE LOOKING AT A BIBLE THAT WOULD HAVE BEEN USED AT THE SAME TIME THAT SHAKESPEARE WOULD HAVE BEEN WRITING ALL OF HIS GREAT WORKS.>>Reporter: DOHEY WROTE AN WEEKLY BLOG, SHARING THE INTERESTING NUGGETS HE FOUND COMBING THROUGH THE ARCHIVES.>>ANYTHING THAT HE HAD IN HIS 3450EU7BD OR IN HIS HEART WAS AVAILABLE TO ANYBODY.>>Reporter: LIKE THETIME THAT DOHEY GOT A CALL FROM A MAN TRYING TO CONNECT WITH HIS OWN PAST.>>I SAID THIS IS A MAN WHO IS QUITE DETERMINED AND I WILL DO EVERYTHING IN MY POWER TO HELP HIM TO FIND THE FATHER THAT HE LOST.>>LARRY CAME BACK AND SAID THIS, IN FACT, IS YOUR FATHER.>>Reporter: FLAGS FLEW AT HALF-MAST TODD AT THE PROVINCIAL MUSEUM AND ARCHIVES WHERE HE WORKED AS PEOPLE EXPRESSED THEIR SHOCK AND LOSS. FROM MARY WALSH “LARRY KNEW WHAT HENRY JAMES WROTE, THAT THERE WERE THREE THINGS IN HUMAN LIFE THAT WERE IMPORTANT. THE FIRST WAS TO BE KIND, AND THE SECOND WAS TO BE KIND, AND THE THIRD WAS TO BE KIND AND LARRY WAS ALWAYS KIND.” COMEDIAN MARK CRITCH WROTE “LARRY DOHEY WILL MEET ST. PETER. ST. PETER WILL SAY COME IN. AND LARRY WILL SAY, “BEFORE I DO, WOULD YOU LIKE TO HEAR AN INTERESTING STORY ABOUT THAT GATE?” PREMIER DWIGHT BALL LAUDED DOHEY AS A TRUE STEWARD OF NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR HISTORY, CULTURE AND LORE.>>I THINK THAT’S GOING TO BE HIS LEGACY, THAT ARCHIVES AREN’T JUST FOR DUSTY RESEARCHERS, BUT ARE REALLY FOR THE REST OF US AND TO HELP US TO INTERPRET TODAY AND MAYBE FIND A WAY TO TOMORROW.>>Reporter: DOHEY SUFFERED A BRAIN HEMORRHAGE AND COLLAPSED WHILE GIVING A PRESENTATION ON HISTORY AND CULTURE ON MONDAY, SHARING STORIES ABOUT THE PROVINCE HE LOVED. CHRIS O’NEILL-YATES, CBC NEWS, ST. JOHN’S.>>Andrew: OKAY, NEXT ON “THE NATIONAL”…>>>A LOTTERY TICKET WORTH $60 MILLION THAT THE WINNER KEPT SECRET FOR ALMOST A YEAR.>>HARDEST WORKING BOY THAT YOU’D LIKE TO MEET AND A DELIGHT.>>Andrew: THEIR STORY NEXT. BUT FIRST… (*)>>”IN CASE YOU MISSED IT,” THE PEOPLE OF NOVA SCOTIA’S ANNAPOLIS VALLEY ARE THROWING A PARTY TO WELCOME 11 NEW MEDICAL SPECIALISTS. IN A PROVINCE THAT IS SHORT ON DOCTORS THEIR ARRIVAL IS CERTAINLY WORTH CELEBRATING AND THE SPECIALISTS THEMSELVES KIND OF TICKLED.>>I LOVE A PARTY. WE WERE REALLY, REALLY EXCITED AND REALLY HONOURED THAT THEY WERE TAKING THE TIME TO DO THAT FOR US.>>Andrew: AT FIRST IT WAS GOING TO BE A FAIRLY INTIMATE GATHERING, A CHANCE FOR THE DOCTORS TO MEET SOME BUSINESS LEADERS. BUT NOW 500 PEOPLE ARE EXPECTED TO SHOW UP AND MAKE THOSE NEWCOMERS FEEL LIKE PUTTING DOWN ROOTS.>>I WANT THEM TO FEEL WELCOME AND GET A SENSE OF HOW IMPORTANT THEY ARE TO THE COMMUNITY. AS A SMALL BUSINESS OWNER, THE HEALTH OF MY STAFF IS IMPORTANT. IF MY STAFF AND THEIR YOUNG FAMILIES DON’T HAVE DOCTORS TO GO TO, IT CREATES A PROBLEM. AND I DON’T HAVE PEOPLE COMING TO WORK.>>Andrew: BETWEEN 2011 AND 2016, NOVA SCOTIA SUFFERED A NET LOSS OF 114 DOCTORS. SO THEY GOT MORE SERIOUS ABOUT RECRUITMENT. THIS EYE-CATCHING WEBSITE SHOWS SOME OF ITS CHARMS. STILL A HALF DOZEN EMERGENCY ROOMS WENT THROUGH TEMPORARY CLOSURES THIS MONTH BECAUSE THEY COULDN’T BE STAFFED 24/7. EVERY NEW ARRIVAL AN IMPORTANT VICTORY.>>THE GOAL FOR US FOR SURE IS TO STAY LONG TERM. THIS IS AN INCREDIBLE PLACE TO START AND TO RAISE A FAMILY. AND SO WE’RE HOPING TO STAY. THE PARTY CERTAINLY DOESN’T HURT. (*) (*)>>Ian: TONIGHT AN EDMONTON MAN IS $60 MILLION RICHER THANKS TO SOME LUCKY NUMBERS AND A LOTTERY TICKET THAT HE BOUGHT LAST OCTOBER. BON TRUONG ALWAYS KNEW THAT HE HAD WON BUT HE WAITED BEFORE REVEALING THAT AND ACCEPTING THE BIG CHEQUE. HE TELLS US WHY HE KEPT IT SECRET IN TONIGHT’S “MOMENT.” [Applause]>>I SAW MY NUMBER COMING ON AND AND AFTER A COUPLE MINUTES, MY BODY CALMED DOWN. AND I GO HOME AND SIT DOWN AND RELAX BY MYSELF… [laughter] I TOLD MY WIFE I WIN. BUT I DON’T SAY NOTHING, THE BIG ONE. BUT A LOT OF THINKING, BIG MONEY, I KEEP QUIET.>>DID YOU BELIEVE HIM WHEN HE FIRST TOLD YOU?>>NO, OF COURSE NOT. I’M LIKE ARE YOU SURE? ARE YOU SURE THAT IT’S THE RIGHT DRAW? HE’S A LANDSCAPER AND MY DAD IS A LANDSCAPER, SO, YOU KNOW, THAT’S ALL THEY DID — WORK AND SAVE MONEY TO BUY A HOUSE. AND YOU KNOW, TO LIVE THEIR LIVES HERE AND TO HAVE A BETTER LIFE FOR THEIR CHILDREN.>>PAY THE MORTGAGE FIRST AND THINKING ABOUT A HOLIDAY AND AFTER THAT I’M NOT DECIDED. I HAVE KIDS, YES, THREE. I DON’T WANT TO LET THEM KNOW YET. [laughter] NO.>>Ian: SO, ANDREW, THIS IS GOING TO BE AN INTERESTING POST-MOMENT CHAT BECAUSE WE’RE TWO GUYS WHO DON’T BUY LOTTERY TICKETS. WE’LL NEVER BE IN THAT SITUATION.>>Andrew: I JUST DON’T BELIEVE IN IT.>>Ian: WE KNOW THE ODDS, RIGHT. BUT WE CAN OBVIOUSLY ADMIRE THE SITUATION THAT HE IS IN. BUT IT’S ALSO INTERESTING THAT WE HAVE CONTRASTING VIEWS OF THAT LONG WAIT. I WOULD NOT WAIT THAT LONG BECAUSE I LOSE STUFF ALMOST LITERALLY EVERY DAY. BUT YOU WOULD WAIT?>>Andrew: SO FIRST THING, I MEAN, APPARENTLY HE PUT IT IN A SAFE, RIGHT, FOR SAFEKEEPING SO HE WOULDN’T LOSE IT. AND HE’S NOT JUST PUTTING IT IN HIS BACK POCKET. BUT, YEAH, IT’S THE SINGLE BIGGEST CHANGE THAT WOULD HAPPEN IN YOUR LIFE. I THINK THAT THE CONVENTIONAL WISDOM IS TO TAKE AT LEAST SIX MONTHS AND MAYBE TAKE A YEAR AND FIGURE OUT WHAT YOU’LL DO WITH THE MONEY. PLAN, CONSULT LAWYERS, ACCOUNTANTS, ALL OF THAT SORT OF THING.>>Ian: $60 MILLION TAX FREE, SO THOSE PEOPLE WATCHING “THE MOMENT” VIA INSTAGRAM OR TWITTER, LET US KNOW WHAT YOU MIGHT DO WITH THAT WINFALL.>>Andrew: IT’S AN UNREAL AMOUNT OF MONEY.>>>THAT’S “THE NATIONAL” FOR THIS WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 28th. HAVE A GOOD NIGHT.>>Ian: WE’LL NEVER KNOW, RIGHT, ANDREW? GOODNIGHT.

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