The National for Wednesday, August 21 — SNC Ethics Committee, Trump & Denmark


(*)>>Andrew: TONIGHT, FIREWORKS ON PARLIAMENT HILL OVER THE SNC-LAVALIN AFFAIR.>>THEY WERE TAKING DIRECTION FROM A HITMAN FROM THE P.M.O.>>SOMETHING WAS REALLY WRONG HERE.>>Andrew: OPPOSITION OUTRAGE>>THEY WERE TAKING DIRECTION FROM A HITMAN FROM THE P.M.O.>>SOMETHING WAS REALLY WRONG HERE.>>Andrew: OPPOSITION OUTRAGE AS LIBERALS SHUT DOWN TESTIMONY FROM THE ETHICS COMMISSIONER. SO WHAT HAPPENS NOW? (*)>>CAN YOU GIVE DADDY HIGH-FIVE?>>Ian: ONE FOSTER FAMILY’S BATTLE FOR MONEY TO HELP TO RAISE A SICK LITTLE GIRL.>>WE COULDN’T TURN OUR BACK ON HER ANYMORE THAN WE COULD OUR OTHER CHILDREN.>>Ian: WHY THEY SAY THAT THE GOVERNMENT IS TAKING ADVANTAGE OF THEM. (*)>>>AND FIRE RIPS THROUGH THE AMAZON, BLANKETING CITIES WITH SOMETHING TO-SETTING RECORDS. AND THE DANGER STRETCHES WELL BEYOND SOUTH AMERICA.>>>THIS IS “THE NATIONAL.” (*)>>Andrew: JUST WEEKS BEFORE AN ELECTION CALL AND ALL PARTIES ARE BRACING FOR THE BATTLE TO COME. THE PRIME MINISTER DELIVERED WHAT WAS CALLED A MAJOR FOREIGN POLICY SPEECH IN MONTRÉAL, WHILE 200 KILOMETRES WEST, OPPOSITION M.P.s WERE BACK ON PARLIAMENT HILL, PUSHING FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE SNC-LAVALIN AFFAIR AT AN EMERGENCY MEETING OF THE ETHICS COMMITTEE. THEY WANT TO HEAR FROM THE ETHICS COMMISSIONER AFTER HIS REPORT SAID THAT TRUDEAU BROKE CONFLICT OF INTEREST RULES. BUT AS SALIMAH SHIVJI TELLS US, THEY’RE NOT GETTING WHAT THEY WANT.>>THANKS, AGAIN.>>Reporter: HOURS BEFORE THE MEETING THE LEADER OF THE CONSERVATIVES WAS TRYING TO SHAME LIBERAL MEMBERS OF THE ETHICS COMMITTEE.>>The Hon. Andrew Scheer: SIX LIBERAL M.P.s — FRANK BAYLIS, MONA FORTIER…>>Reporter: SAYING THEY SHOULD VOTE FOR THE TORY MOTION TO HEAR FROM THE ETHICS COMMISSIONER. INSIDE THE COMMITTEE ROOM, DEMANDS FOR ANSWERS.>>Question: SO GIVEN THAT THIS WAS NOT ABOUT JOBS, THE MOST IMPORTANT QUESTION THAT I WANT TO ASK IS WHAT MOTIVATED THIS?>>WE NEED TO KNOW TO WHAT EXTENT WAS THE INTERFERENCE AND THE OBSTRUCTION.>>Reporter: ALL WHILE MARIO DION WAITED ON STANDBY TO ANSWER THE OPPOSITION QUESTIONS ABOUT WHY THE CLERK OF THE PRIVY COUNCIL OFFICE KEPT SOME EVIDENCE OFF-LIMITS FROM DION, CITING CABINET CONFIDENTIALITY.>>EITHER WE HAVE THE RULE OF LAW IN THIS COUNTRY OR WE DON’T.>>I DON’T THINK THAT THIS IS A PARTISAN ISSUE, I THINK THIS IT’S SYSTEMIC. I THINK THAT IT’S SHOCKING THAT THE SENIOR CIVIL SERVICE OF THIS COUNTRY COULD BE MANIPULATED BY A TRANS-NATIONAL CORPORATION IN THIS FASHION.>>Reporter: BUT THOSE ARGUMENTS DIDN’T SWAY MOST LIBERAL MEMBERS WHO FLEXED THEIR MUSCLE AND USED THEIR MAJORITY.>>MacKINNON.>>NO.>>FORTIER?>>NO.>>MOTION IS DEFEATED.>>Reporter: ONE HOLDOUT IS NATHANIEL ERSKINE-SMITH, BUT FOR AN UNEXPECTED REASON.>>I THINK THAT IT’S LEGALLY FLAWED IN MANY RESPECTS AND I’D LIKE TO ASK HIM SOME QUESTIONS ABOUT HIS LEGAL MISTAKES.>>Reporter: AFTERWARDS, ANGER AND ACCUSATIONS BUT NOT MUCH SURPRISE.>>THEY JOINED THE PRIME MINISTER IN ATTEMPTING THIS COVER-UP. THEY ARE COMPLICIT.>>WHAT THE PRIME MINISTER DID IS A RESIGNATION OFFENSE. IT’S A QUESTION FOR HIM TO DECIDE IF HE SHOULD RESIGN.>>WHAT WERE THE LIBERALS SO FRIGHTENED OF?>>Reporter: WHILE THE LIBERALS HAD SOME ACCUSATIONS OF THEIR OWN.>>THIS IS A PARTISAN GAME SO I THINK THAT WE ALL KNOW ON THE EVE OF AN ELECTION THAT THIS KIND OF PARTISAN GAMESMANSHIP BY THE OPPOSITION IS WHAT IT EXACTLY APPEARS TO BE.>>Reporter: THAT’S WHERE THE LIBERALS WANT THIS TO END, HOPING THAT VOTERS AREN’T TUNED IN AND THAT MINDS WERE MADE UP ON THIS ISSUE MONTHS AGO. THE LATEST POLLS SHOW THE DAMNING ETHICS REPORT IS NOT MAKING OF A DENT, WITH THE LIBERALS AND THE TORIES NECK-IN-NECK AND THE ELECTION AROUND THE CORNER. SALIMAH SHIVJI, CBC NEWS, OTTAWA.>>Andrew: NOW JUSTIN TRUDEAU WASN’T TALKING ABOUT THAT CONTROVERSY TODAY AND FOCUSING INSTEAD ON POLICY HERE AT HOME AND AROUND THE WORLD. HE WAS TOUTING WHAT HE CONSIDERS TO BE HIS FOREIGN POLICY WINS, EVEN AS HE 1/2 IMAITS A FROSTY RELATIONSHIP WITH CHINA. KATIE SIMPSON NOW ON TRUDEAU’S MESSAGE FOR BEIJING. [Applause]>>Reporter: IN A ROOM FILLED WITH FOREIGN POLICY BUFFS, JUSTIN TRUDEAU DELIVERED A SPEECH SOUNDING MORE LIKE A CANDIDATE THAN PRIME MINISTER.>>Prime Minister Justin Trudeau: THE CONSERVATIVES ENVISION A WORLD WHERE CANADA HECLES FROM THE SIDELINES.>>Reporter: AND PRAISING NAFTA AND HIS RELATIONSHIP WITH THE U.S. HE ALSO ACKNOWLEDGED CANADA’S BIGGEST CHALLENGE AHEAD.>>Prime Minister Justin Trudeau: WE MUST RECOGNIZE THAT CHINA IS A GROWING POWER AND INCREASINGLY ASSERTIVE TOWARDS ITS PLACE IN THE INTERNATIONAL ORDER.>>Reporter: CANADA HAS BEEN THE TARGET OF CHINESE BACKLASH SINCE THE ARREST OF HUAWEI EXECUTIVE MENG WANZHOU IN VANCOUVER ON AN AMERICAN EXTRADITION REQUEST. IN RETALIATION, BAY JANE DETAINED CANADIANS MICHAEL KOVRIG AND MICHAEL SPAVOR AND BROCKED SOME IMPORTS, INCLUDING CANOLA.>>Prime Minister Justin Trudeau: WE DO NOT ESCALATE BUT WE DO NOT BACK DOWN.>>Reporter: ALL OF THIS WILL COME UP TOMORROW WHEN THE U.S. SECRETARY OF STATE MIKE POMPEO MAKES HIS FIRST OFFICIAL VISIT TO OTTAWA.>>WE WILL CONTINUE TO WORK WITH CANADA WHERE WE CAN DIPLOMATICALLY TO HELP TO SECURE THE RELEASE OF THESE UNJUSTLY DETAINED INDIVIDUALS IN CHINA.>>Reporter: CANADA WOULD LIKE POMPEO TO MAKE AN EVEN STRONGER STATEMENT, THOUGH THE U.S. MAY BE ASKING FOR SOME PUBLIC SUPPORT OF ITS OWN. THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION HAS FAILED TO NEGOTIATE A TRADE TRUCE WITH CHINA, DESPITE TARIFFS AND PERSONAL INTERVENTIONS BY THE PRESIDENT.>>President Donald Trump: I AM THE CHOSEN ONE. SOMEBODY HAD TO DO IT. SO I’M TAKING ON CHINA.>>I THINK THAT’S WHAT THE UNITED STATES WOULD LIKE TO SEE IS THAT CANADA IS ON THEIR SIDE STAUNCHLY SUPPORTING THE UNITED STATES’ POSITION OF MOVING CHINA INTO A RULES-BASED MARKET ORDER.>>Reporter: THIS FORMER DIPLOMAT SAYS THAT WHATEVER COMES OUT OF THE VISIT HE’S NOT EXPECTING CANADA’S TENSIONS WITH CHINA TO EASE ANYTIME SOON.>>THEY’RE SLAPPING US AROUND AND THEY’RE GETTING AWAY WITH IT. AND THE ONLY WAY — IT’S VERY HARD FOR US TO PUSH BACK BECAUSE WE DON’T HAVE THAT MUCH TO PUSH BACK WITH.>>Reporter: ONE WAY THAT CANADA AND THE U.S. CAN GET CHINA’S ATTENTION IS TO WEIGH IN ON THE PROTESTS IN HONG KONG. BEIJING HAS ALREADY TOLD FOREIGN AFFAIRS MINISTER CHRYSTIA FREELAND TO “MIND HER OWN BUSINESS,” A SIGN THAT THE PRESSURE IS WORKING. KATIE SIMPSON, CBC NEWS, OTTAWA.>>Andrew: NOW EVEN AS THE TENSIONS RISE WITH CHINA, THE UNITED STATES IS HAVING A VERY DIFFERENT SORT OF PROBLEM WITH ANOTHER COUNTRY OVERSEAS. TODAY DONALD TRUMP EXPLAINED WHY HE’S BACKED OUT OF A VISIT TO DENMARK. AND AS PAUL HUNTER TELLS US, TRUMP SEEMS HIGHLY OFFENDED THAT HIS OFFER TO BUY GREENLAND WAS REJECTED SO STRONGLY.>>Reporter: THERE IT IS — THE PLACE THAT DONALD TRUMP WANTS TO BUY AND TURN INTO AMERICA. THE MASSIVE ISLAND OF GREENLAND. EVEN TWEETING, TONGUE-IN-CHEEK, THAT IF IT HAPPENED HE WOULDN’T DO THIS. BUT WHEN THE PRIME MINISTER OF DENMARK, WHOSE KINGDOM INCLUDES GREENLAND, CALLED TRUMP’S IDEA TO BUY A PLACE “ABSURD,” TRUMP’S RETORT WAS TO ABRUPTLY CANCEL AN OFFICIAL VISIT TO DENMARK NEXT MONTH. TODAY HE EMPHASIZED IT’S BECAUSE HE FLAT OUT DIDN’T LIKE BEING LABELLED “ABSURD.”>>President Donald Trump: DENMARK, I LOOKED FORWARD TO GOING BUT I THOUGHT THAT THE PRIME MINISTER’S STATEMENT THAT IT WAS ABSURD, THAT IT WAS AN ABSURD IDEA, IT WAS NASTY. I THOUGHT THAT IT WAS AN INAPPROPRIATE STATEMENT. ALL SHE HAD TO DO WAS SAY, NO, WE WOULDN’T BE INTERESTED.>>Reporter: SUDDENLY IN AN OUT-OF-THE-BLUE INTERNATIONAL KERFUFFLE THE PRIME MINISTER.>>IT IS WITH REGRET AND SURPRISE THAT I RECEIVED THE NEWS THAT PRESIDENT TRUMP HAS CANCELLED HIS STATE VISIT TO DENMARK.>>Reporter: OTHER DANES WERE SOMEWHAT LESS CIRCUMSPECT.>>TO ME IT SOUNDS LIKE HE CANCELED BECAUSE HIS FEELINGS ARE HURT.>>IS HE THAT STUPID? I THINK THAT IT’S GOOD THAT HE’S NOT COMING.>>Reporter: WITHOUT A DOUBT, GREENLAND WITH ITS NATURAL RESOURCES AND BIG FOOTPRINT IN THE EVER MORE COVETED ARCTIC IS SUDDENLY PRIME REAL ESTATE. BUT, SAY CRITICS, INCLUDING A FORMER U.S. AMBASSADOR, IT’S NOT SO MUCH WHAT TRUMP WANTED BUT HOW HE REACTED WHEN REBUFFED.>>THE IDEA THAT YOU WOULD MAKE A STATE VISIT CONTINGENT ON THE CONCEPT OF NEGOTIATING THE SALE OF PART OF THEIR KINGDOM, THIS IS OFFENSIVE.>>Reporter: STILL OTHERS NOTED THAT THE TRIP TO DENMARK WOULD HAVE BEEN SHORTLY BEFORE THAT OF ANOTHER PROMINENT AMERICAN — BARACK OBAMA. AND THAT TRUMP WAS WORRIED THAT HE’D HAVE LESS LOVE AND SMALLER HEADLINES SO HE PULLED OUT PLAUSIBLE? IN THESE DAYS IN THIS COUNTRY, WHO KNOWS. PAUL HUNTER, CBC NEWS, WASHINGTON.>>Andrew: NOW TRUMP ALSO DOUBLED DOWN TODAY ON HIS CONTROVERSIAL REMARKS ABOUT JEWISH-AMERICANS. YESTERDAY THE U.S. PRESIDENT SAID HE THINKS THAT JEWISH PEOPLE WHO VOTE DEMOCRAT ARE DISLOYAL. THIS AFTERNOON HE TOOK IT FURTHER, EXPLAINING WHO HE THINKS THAT THEY’RE DISLOYAL TO.>>President Donald Trump: I THINK THAT IF YOU VOTE FOR A DEMOCRAT, YOU’RE VERY, VERY DISLOYAL TO ISRAEL AND THE JEWISH PEOPLE.>>Andrew: AGAIN TODAY OUTRAGE. JEWISH LEADERS BEGGED TRUMP TO STOP, SAYING “THE ISSUE OF LOYALTIES IS TOXIC AND HAS A VERY DARK HISTORY.” OTHERS CALLED THE COMMENT “VILE, UNDEMOCRATIC AND ANTI-SEMETIC.” SOME AGREE WITH THE PRESIDENT THOUGH SAYING THAT THE POSITION OF MANY ELECTED DEMOCRATS HAS BECOME ANTI-ISRAEL.>>>TO ONTARIO NOW, 13 DAYS BEFORE THE SCHOOL YEAR BEGINS AND THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT HAS LAID OUT ITS PLANS FOR SEX EDUCATION. PREMIER DOUG FORD DREW HEAVY FIRE LAST YEAR FOR SCRAPPING THE PREVIOUS LIBERAL CURRICULUM. TO GO WAY BACK TO THE WAY THAT IT WAS TAUGHT IN 1990. BACK THEN THERE WAS NO REFERENCE TO THINGS LIKE CONSENT OR GENDER IDENTITY. NOW THOSE TOPICS ARE BACK BUT THE GOVERNMENT IS ALSO BROADENING IT OUT QUITE A BIT.>>I THINK THAT THE FOCUS OF THIS CURRICULUM IS SAFETY. WE HAVE MADE THAT A CENTRAL FOUNDATION OF SUCCESS SO THERE’S DRAMATIC ENHANCEMENTS.>>Andrew: THE NEW CURRICULUM HAS SUBJECTS LIKE CYBER SAFETY AND CONCUSSIONS AND CANNABIS AND OPIOIDS AND HEALTHY BODY IMAGE. WHEN IT COMES TO SEX EDUCATION, DIFFERENT TOPICS WILL BE INTRODUCED AT DIFFERENT GRADES, SO LESSONS ABOUT CONSENT START EARLY IN GRADE ONE. AND THAT IS YEARS EARLIER THAN THE ORIGINAL LIBERAL PLAN CALLED FOR. SEXUAL ORIENTATION IS GETTING STUDIED IN GRADE FIVE, DOWN FROM GRADE SIX. BUT GENDER IDENTITY WILL BE TACKLED TWO YEARS LATER IN GRADE EIGHT INSTEAD OF GRADE SIX. AND TO SATISFY PARENTS WHO DON’T WANT THEIR CHILDREN EXPOSED TO LESSONS ON HOMOSEXUALITY OR GENDER IDENTITY THEY’LL NOW GET 15 DAYS’ NOTICE BEFORE THEY ARE TAUGHT AND THEY’LL HAVE THE OPTION TO PULL THEIR KIDS FROM CLASS. NOW ON THE POLITICAL SIDE, THE FORD GOVERNMENT HAS BEEN ACCUSED OF FUMBLING THE MESSAGE ON VARIOUS ISSUES. SO DOES TODAY’S MESSAGE PUT OUT THE FIRE OR JUST FAN THE FLAMES? HERE’S MIKE CRAWLEY.>>FIVE, SIX, SEVEN, EIGHT, DON’T GO BACK TO 98 *>>Reporter: STUDENTS WALKED OUT OF CLASS OVER THIS.>>WE’RE GOING TO REPEAL THE SEX-ED CURRICULUM.>>Reporter: IN RUNNING FOR PREMIER, DOUG FORD PROMISED TO SCRAP WHAT KATHLEEN WYNNE HAD PUT IN PLACE.>>THE DAYS OF LIBERAL IDEOLOGY AND INDOCTRINATING OUR KIDS, THEY’RE DONE.>>Reporter: TODAY THIS SOCIAL CONSERVATIVE FEELS BETRAYED.>>NOTHING HAS BEEN REPEALED. DOUG FORD LIED.>>Reporter: TANYA GRANIC ALLEN RAN FOR THE PROGRESSIVE CONSERVATIVE LEADERSHIP LAST YEAR. PARTY MEMBERS THAT SHE RECRUITED HELPED FORD TO WIN.>>HE PROMISED THE PARENTS AND THE CHILDREN OF ONTARIO THAT HE’D GET RID OF WHAT HE CALLED LIBERAL IDEOLOGY FORCED INTO THE CLASSROOMS OF ONTARIO. HE HAS FAILED TO DO THAT. DOUG FORD AND KATHLEEN WYNNE’S SEX-ED CURRICULUM ARE STILL IN PLACE.>>Reporter: THE FORD GOVERNMENT IS NO LONGER TALKING ABOUT REPEALING THE LIBERAL CURRICULUM.>>WE DRAMATICALLY ENHANCED IT, WE HAVE MADE IT MORE AGE APPROPRIATE, WE’VE ALLOWED PARENTS TO HAVE A SAY. WE HAVE ADDED NEW ELEMENTS THAT DID NOT EXIST. I THINK IT’S A WHOLESALE IMPROVEMENT.>>LET’S FACE IT, THIS CURRICULUM IS LARGELY UNCHANGED FROM THE 2015 VERSION.>>Reporter: THE N.D.P.’S CRITIC SAID THAT THE STUDENTS OF ONTARIO STILL LOST A YEAR OF SEX-ED BECAUSE OF FORD.>>AND FOR WHAT? SO HE COULD SHOW OFF TO SOCIAL CONSERVATIVES AT THE EXPENSE OF OUR KIDS?>>Reporter: THE NEW POLICY WILL MAKE IT MUCH SIMPLER FOR PARENTS TO WITHDRAW THEIR KIDS FROM SEX-ED CLASSES.>>THE BIGGEST THING IS THAT THIS GIVES THE AUTHORITY OF EDUCATION BACK TO THE PARENT.>>Reporter: SO THIS EVANGELICAL PASTOR IS PRAISING FORD.>>HE HAS PROTECTED TWO MILLION CHILDREN FROM RADICAL TEACHING, AND THIS IS A TREMENDOUS THING.>>I WAS PART OF THE ORGANIZING TEAM FOR THE ENTIRE PROVINCE.>>Reporter: STUDENTS WHO WALKED OUT OVER FORD’S SEX-ED ROLLBACK ARE ALSO CLAIMING VICTORY.>>THE OUTCRY AND THE AMOUNT OF PEOPLE WHO WANTED TO SUPPORT THE 2015 CURRICULUM BY PROTESTING, I THINK THAT LARGELY INFLUENCED HIS DECISION.>>Reporter: MIKE CRAWLEY, CBC NEWS, TORONTO.>>Andrew: NOW SEX EDUCATION CAN LOOK PRETTY RADICALLY DIFFERENT IN THIS COUNTRY FROM PROVINCE-TO-PROVINCE AND THERE’S NOT A WHOLE LOT OF CONSISTENCY IN WHAT IS TAUGHT WHEN. FOR INSTANCE, CHILDREN IN FOUR PROVINCES ARE TAUGHT ABOUT SEXUAL ORGANS AND HEALTH USING PROPER TERMS AS EARLY AS KINDERGARTEN. THAT’S IN B.C., ALBERTA, MANITOBA AND QUÉBEC. BUT NEW BRUNSWICK’S CURRICULUM LEAVES MUCH OF THAT TO GRADE SIX. SEXUAL ORIENTATION IS TAUGHT IN GRADE THREE IN SASKATCHEWAN AND NOVA SCOTIA, BUT GRADE NINE IN NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR. AND WHILE EVERY PROVINCE TEACHES ABOUT SEX, ONLY QUÉBEC’S CURRICULUM DEVOTES TIME TO LOVE.>>Ian: HERE’S A QUICK LOOK AT SOME OF THE OTHER STORIES THAT WE’RE FOLLOWING TONIGHT, BEGINNING IN VANCOUVER WHERE A DEADLINE HAS PASSED FOR MORE THAN 200 PEOPLE TO LEAVE A HOMELESS CAMP AT A CITY PARK.>>PERSONALLY I’VE GOT MY OWN PLACE AND I’M HAPPY ABOUT THAT. BUT PERSONALLY I DON’T THINK THAT PEOPLE — SOME PEOPLE DON’T WANT TO MOVE, YOU KNOW, IN THE MARGINAL HOUSES AND STUFF LIKE THAT.>>Ian: B.C. HOUSING SAYS IT HAS RELOCATED 75 PEOPLE TO WHAT IT CALLS “SAFE AND STABLE HOUSING.” DOZENS REMAIN AT OPPENHEIMER PARK TONIGHT AND SOME ARE REFUSING TO LEAVE WHILE OTHERS ARE WAITING FOR HELP TO FIND A PLACE TO LIVE.>>>A B.C. MAN ACCUSED OF KILLING HIS TWO YOUNG DAUGHTERS TESTIFIED TODAY IN HIS OWN DEFENCE. ANDREW BARRY PLEADED NOT GUILTY IN THE DEATH OF CHLOE AND AUBREY ON CHRISTMAS DAY, 2017. BARRY SAID THAT HE SUFFERED A BRUTAL ATTACK CAUSING HIM TO LOSE CONSCIOUSNESS. WHEN HE AWOKE HE SAID THAT HE FOUND HIS DAUGHTERS DEAD. BARRY’S LAWYERS SAY THAT HE WAS $25,000 IN DEBT TO LOAN SHARKS WHO HAD KEYS TO HIS APARTMENT WHEN THE GIRLS WERE KILLED. [SIRENS]>>>FIRE CREWS ARE AT A BLAZE IN MISSISSAUGA, ONTARIO, TONIGHT. IT’S SO BIG THAT IT DISRUPTED TRANSIT SERVICE AND FORCED ROAD CLOSURES. THE FLAMES SPARKED AT A LOCAL BUSINESS AND SENT UP HEAVY SMOKE THAT COULD BE SEEN KILOMETRES AWAY. NO ONE WAS INJURED.>>>A FAMILY IN SASKATCHEWAN IS LOCKED IN A BATTLE WITH THE PROVINCE’S MINISTRY OF SOCIAL SERVICES. AT THE CENTRE OF IT THEIR 6-YEAR-OLD FOSTER DAUGHTER. THEY SAY THAT SHE’S FIERCE AND SWEET BUT ALSO VERY ILL, NEEDING ASSISTANCE AROUND THE CLOCK. THAT’S WHERE THE FIGHT COMES IN. HER FOSTER PARENTS SAY THEY NEED MORE FINANCIAL HELP. BONNIE ALLEN WITH WHY THE PROVINCE IS SAYING “NO.”>>YAY!>>Reporter: ERIN AND TREVOR McLELLAN BROUGHT THEIR FOSTER DAUGHTER HOME WHEN SHE WAS JUST 2 DAYS OLD. CBC HAS CHOSEN TO NOT IDENTIFY HER SO WE’LL CALL HER “LEAH.”>>CAN YOU GIVE DADDY FIVE?>>Reporter: AT FIVE MONTHS OF AGE, LEAH HAD HER FIRST EPILEPTIC SEIZURE AND SINCE THEN SHE’S HAD THOUSANDS OF THEM AND HAS BEEN DIAGNOSED WITH A RARE LIFE-LIMITING DISEASE.>>EARLY ON SHE HAD SOME HORRIFIC SEIZURES THAT WOULD LAST HOURS AND HOURS.>>SHE COULD LIVE 10 YEARS AND SHE COULD LIVE 10 HOURS, WE DON’T KNOW.>>IT’S LUNCHTIME.>>Reporter: LEAH IS NOW 6, FED THROUGH A TUBE, AND REQUIRES AROUND-THE-CLOCK MONITORING.>>IF WE DON’T HAVE A NIGHT NURSE EITHER TREVOR OR MYSELF ARE UP WATCHING HER.>>Reporter: ON AND ON?>>ON AND ON.>>Reporter: RESPONDING TO LEAH’S FREQUENT MEDICAL EMERGENCIES MADE TREVOR MISS SO MUCH WORK THAT HE FINALLY QUIT HIS FULL-TIME JOB. HE NOW WORKS TWO PART-TIME JOBS BUT NO LONGER HAS BENEFITS.>>COLTON IS 13, BERKELEY IS 11.>>Reporter: THE McLELLANS HAVE OTHER BIOLOGICAL AND ADOPTED CHILDREN AND SAY THAT THE MONTHLY STIPEND OF $1,900 TO FOSTER LEAH IS NOT ENOUGH TO PAY THE BILL. LIKE OTHER PROVINCES, SASKATCHEWAN SAYS THAT FOSTERING ISN’T A PAID JOB. BUT THERE IS A POLICY THAT GIVES THE GOVERNMENT THE DISCRETION TO PAY FOSTER PARENTS UP TO BUT NOT EXCEEDING HALF OF WHAT INSTITUTIONAL CARE WOULD COST. FOR THE McLELLANS THAT COULD MEAN $10,000 A MONTH BUT THEY’RE NOT ASKING FOR THAT MUCH, JUST ENOUGH TO SUPPORT A FAMILY. THEIR APPLICATION WAS DENIED.>>THEY HAD SAID THAT IT WOULD SET PRECEDENT.>>YEAH, I DON’T KNOW — I DON’T KNOW WHY THEY WOULD BE WILLING TO PUT HER IN AN INSTITUTION AT DOUBLE THE PRICE BUT NOT COMPENSATE US. IT DOESN’T MAKE SENSE TO ME.>>Reporter: THE MINISTRY OF SOCIAL SERVICES SAYS THAT THE INTENTION OF THAT POLICY IS UNCLEAR AND WILL BE REVIEWED. IT SAYS IT WILL PAY SUPPORT WORKERS AND PROVIDE RESPITE CARE BUT IT WON’T PAY THE McLELLANS. TIM KORAL IS A FORMER ASSISTANT DEPUTY MINISTER OF SOCIAL SERVICES.>>THE MINISTRY IS TAKING A HUGE ADVANTAGE OF THIS FAMILY. IT’S DEPLORABLE.>>Reporter: HE SAYS THAT KEEPING KIDS OUT OF INSTITUTIONS COMES AT A PRICE, BUT FOSTER PARENTS SHOULDN’T BE THE ONES TO PAY IT.>>WHEN THE CARE BECOMES SUCH THAT IT IS INTERFERING WITH THEM EARNING A LIVING OUT OF THE HOME, THEN IT’S TIME THAT WE COMPENSATE THEM FOR THE SERVICE THEY PROVIDE TO OUR PROVINCE IN THE HOME.>>HI.>>Reporter: NO MATTER WHAT HAPPENS, THE McLELLANS SAY THEY’RE THE ONLY PARENTS THAT LEAH HAS EVER KNOWN AND THEY WON’T STOP CARING FOR HER.>>THEY’RE CALLING OUR BLUFF AND THEY’RE SAYING THAT WE WON’T WALK AWAY FROM HER. AND IT’S TRUE, WE WON’T. WE LOVE HER. BUT THEY COUNT ON THAT. THAT’S HOW THEY EXPLOIT FOSTER PARENTS IN MY OPINION.>>WE COULDN’T TURN OUR BACK ON HER ANYMORE THAN WE COULD OUR OTHER CHILDREN. SHE IS OUR WORLD.>>Reporter: BONNIE ALLEN, CBC NEWS, REGINA.>>Ian: THE McLELLANS HAVE FILED A COMPLAINT WITH THE SASKATCHEWAN HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION, ALLEGING DISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY. THEY ALSO CONTACTED THE PREMIER’S OFFICE AND PREMIER SCOTT MOE RESPONDED IN A LETTER SAYING THAT OFFICIALS WILL MEET WITH THE COUPLE IN THE NEAR FUTURE TO TRY TO RESOLVE THE MATTER.>>Andrew: STILL AHEAD ON “THE NATIONAL”…>>>FROM THE FIRES BURNING THROUGH THE AMAZON TO MICROPLASTICS. WE GO IN-DEPTH ON THE HEALTH OF THE PLANET.>>Ian: LATER, SHE’S ABOUT TO MAKE HER DEBUT AT THE CANADIAN WOMEN’S OPEN AND SHE’S ONLY 12 YEARS OLD.>>I’M DEFINITELY VERY EXCITED. A LITTLE BIT NERVOUS TOO. DEFINITELY A HIGHLIGHT I’D SAY IN MY GOLFING CAREER.>>Ian: MICHELLE LIU, A NAME THAT YOU’LL BE HEARING A LOT OF. MEET HER JUST AHEAD. (*) (*)>>Ian: TONIGHT WE’RE GOING IN-DEPTH ON THE ENVIRONMENT WITH TWO STORIES ABOUT THE STATE OF THE PLANET. IN A MOMENT THE WORLD HEALTH ORGINISATION LOOKS AT THE IMPACT OF MICROPLASTICS ON HUMAN HEALTH. BUT, FIRST, THE RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH A RECORD NUMBER OF WILDFIRES BURNING IN THE AMAZON RAINFOREST. BRAZIL’S SPACE RESEARCH CENTRE SAYS IT’S DETECTED MORE THAN 74,000 FIRES THIS YEAR, THAT’S 83% MORE THAN LAST YEAR. THE COUNTRY’S LEADERSHIP SAYS IT’S WORKING TO CONTROL THE FLAMES, BUT AS ALISON NORTHCOTT TELLS US, IT’S ALSO SPARKING GLOBAL OUTRAGE.>>Reporter: THE AMAZON RAINFOREST IS AN IMPORTANT DEFENCE AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE BUT PARTS OF IT ARE NOW BEING CONSUMED BY FLAMES. SMOKE IS BLANKETING MANY AREAS OF BRAZIL. THE FIRES HAVE DRAWN ATTENTION TO THE BRAZILIAN PRESIDENT JAIR BOLSONARO’S ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES, WHICH ENVIRONMENTAL GROUPS SAY ARE CONTRIBUTING TO THE PROBLEM.>>THEY ARE DOING LESS OPERATIONS, LESS TIME AND LESS WORK ON THE FIRES. BUT TODAY BOLSANRO, WHO SOME CALL “THE TRUMP OF THE TROPICS” SUGGESTED THAT NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGINISATIONS MAY HAVE SET THE FIRES TO DAMAGE HIS REPUTATION AFTER HIS GOVERNMENT CUT THEIR FUNDING.>>Reporter: BOLSONARO DIDN’T SHOW ANY EVIDENCE TO SUPPORT HIS CLAIM. EXPERTS SAY THAT MANY OF THE FIRES CURRENTLY BURNING WERE SET BY FARMERS CLEARING THE LAND FOR AGRICULTURE OR CATTLE. BOLSONARO WANTS MORE DEVELOPMENT IN THE REGION TO LIFT UP BRAZIL’S STRUGGLING ECONOMY, DESPITE INTERNATIONAL CONCERNS. LAST MONTH BRAZIL’S SPACE INSTITUTE RELEASED DATA SHOWING RAPID RATES OF DEFORESTATION, BOLSONARO CALLED THE FINDINGS A LIE. THE HEAD OF THE INSTITUTE WAS FIRED.>>IT STICKS TO HIS LARGER M.O., IN TERMS OF BLAMING WHAT HE CALLS “THE COMMUNISTS,” WHICH IS PRETTY MUCH ANYBODY THAT HAS ANYTHING CLOSE TO PROGRESSIVE AGENDA, FOR — FOR ALL OF THE COUNTRY’S WOES. HE MADE IT VERY CLEAR FROM HIS POLITICAL PLATFORM WHEN HE WAS RUNNING FOR PRESIDENT THAT — THAT NATURAL RESOURCES ARE THERE TO BE EXPLOITED.>>Reporter: SOME SAY WITH POLITICAL WILL BRAZIL CAN STRIKE A BALANCE, PROTECTING THE RAINFOREST WHILE REMAINING A MAJOR AGRICULTURAL PRODUCER. ON SOCIAL MEDIA CALLS TO PRAY FOR AMAZONAS AS THE FIRES CONTINUE TO RAGE. ALISON NORTHCOTT, CBC NEWS, MONTRÉAL.>>Ian: FROM WIDESPREAD FIRE TO A LURKING ENVIRONMENTAL THREAT THAT YOU CAN’T SEE. TINY PIECES OF PLASTIC THAT HAVE WASHED DOWN SINKS, SEEPED THROUGH LANDFILLS OR LITTERED SHORELINES. THEY HAVE INVADED WATERWAYS AROUND THE GLOBE AND MADE THEIR WAY INTO DRINKING WATER. THERE ARE CONCERNS ABOUT WHAT THAT COULD MEAN FOR HUMAN HEALTH SO THE WORLD HEALTH ORGINISATION WENT LOOKING FOR CLUES. KAS ROUSSY NOW ON WHAT THE RESEARCHERS FOUND.>>LET’S CARRY ON DOWN TO THE RIVER AND SEE WHAT WE CAN FIND.>>Reporter: THE SEARCH IS ON FOR LEECHES AND SNAILS AND AQUATIC MOSS. FOR THESE YOUNG EXPLORERS A NATURE WALK ALONG THE RIVER IS A CHANCE TO LEARN THE IMPORTANCE OF PROTECTING NATURAL SPACES AND THE CREATURES THAT INHABIT THEM.>>COOL!>>Reporter: THE WATER HERE IS PRISTINE, BUT MORE AND MORE WHAT LIES BENEATH OUR LAKES AND OCEANS INCLUDES PLASTICS, LOTS OF IT. IT’S THE LARGEST TYPE OF MARINE GARBAGE. BUT IT’S THE TINY PIECES OF PLASTICS, OR MICROPLASTICS, THAT ARE ESPECIALLY CONCERNING.>>WE SEE MICROPLASTICS ON BEACHES, IN THE WATER, FINDING THEM IN PLACES AS REMOTE AS MOUNTAINTOPS AND THE ARCTIC SEAIRE, AND IN THE AIR, THEY’RE ALMOST EVERYWHERE.>>Reporter: IT’S EASY TO SEE THE IMPACT ON THE ENVIRONMENT. IT’S NOT SO EASY TO SEE IT ON US. TODAY THE WORLD HEALTH ORGINISATION WEIGHED IN, RELEASING ITS FIRST REPORT INTO WHAT MICROPLASTICS COULD BE DOING TO HUMAN HEALTH. ESPECIALLY WHEN THEY’RE IN DRINKING WATER, REGARDLESS OF THE SIZE OF THE PARTICLES, THE RISK IS LOW.>>FOR THE LARGER ONES, THESE WOULD BE EXPECTED TO PASS HARMLESSLY THROUGH THE BODY. IN OTHER WORDS, IT WOULDN’T BE ABSORBED BY THE GUT. AND THE VAST MAJORITY OF THE SMALLER-SIZED PARTICLES WOULD ALSO PASS THROUGH.>>Reporter: WHAT’S STILL NOT CLEAR — WHETHER THE CONTAMINANTS ON OR WITHIN THE PLASTICS ARE HARMFUL. IF SO, THE W.H.O. SAYS THAT SOME OF THE LEVELS ARE PROBABLY NOT HIGH ENOUGH. THE REPORT SAYS THAT WASTE WATER TREATMENT CAN ALSO REMOVE MORE THAN 90% OF MICROPLASTICS. IN THIS TORONTO LAB, RESEARCHERS HAVE COLLECTED HUNDREDS OF SAMPLES OF MICROPLASTICS IN NEARBY LAKES AND HARBOURS, LOOKING FOR ANSWERS TOO ON HOW THEY CONTAMINATE THE ENVIRONMENT.>>WE’VE ONLY BEGUN TO UNDERSTAND WHAT THE EFFECTS ARE TO AQUATIC SPECIES. VERY LITTLE HAS BEEN DONE TO LOOK AT HUMAN HEALTH. MICROPLASTICS ARE GETTING INTO US AND IT DEFINITELY WARRANTS LOOKING INTO AND RESEARCHING MORE.>>Reporter: THE W.H.O. AGREES, CALLING FOR MORE RESEARCH INTO MICROPLASTICS. BUT REAFFIRMING THAT ACHIEVING CLEAN WATER AROUND THE WORLD REMAINS THE FOCUS. KAS ROUSSY, CBC NEWS, TORONTO.>>Ian: ONE OF THE RECOMMENDATIONS IN THE W.H.O. REPORT IS THAT MEASURES BE TAKEN TO REDUCE THE USE OF PLASTICS. AND CANADA HAS ALREADY TAKEN STEPS TO DO JUST THAT. A MICROBEAD BAN WENT INTO EFFECT LAST SUMMER. THAT MEANS THAT ANY TOILETRIES THAT CONTAIN THE TINY PLASTIC PELLETS LIKE TOOTHPASTES AND FACIAL SCRUBS CAN’T BE MANUFACTURED OR IMPORTED INTO CANADA. SEVERAL OTHER COUNTRIES HAVE ALSO TAKEN ACTION, INCLUDING THE U.S., THE UNITED KINGDOM, SOUTH KOREA, SWEDEN AND NEW ZEALAND. A NUMBER OF COUNTRIES ARE ALSO CRACKING DOWN ON SINGLE-USE PLASTICS THAT CAN BREAK INTO SMALLER PIECES AND END UP IN OCEANS AND WATERWAYS.>>Andrew: STILL AHEAD ON “THE NATIONAL”…>>>SHE’S NO ORDINARY EIGHTH GRADER, THAT’S FOR SURE. WE’LL INTRODUCE YOU TO THE CANADIAN GOLFER ABOUT TO MAKE HISTORY.>>Ian: PLUS A LOOK INTO THE TITANIC’S PAST. WHAT A NEW DIVE REVEALS ABOUT THE STATE OF THE ICONIC SHIP.>>PROBABLY THE MOST SHOCKING AREA OF DETERIORATION WAS THE STARBOARD SIDE OF THE OFFICERS’ QUARTERS, WHERE THE CAPTAIN’S QUARTERS WAS. THE CAPTAIN’S BATHTUB IS A FAVOURITE IMAGE AMONG THE TITANIC ENTHUSIASTS AND THAT’S NOW GONE. (*) (*)>>Ian: WELCOME BACK. CLASHES CONTINUED IN HONG KONG TODAY AS PRO-DEMOCRACY PROTESTERS HELD A SIT-IN AT A SUBURBAN TRAIN STATION. MASS DEMONSTRATORS SPRAYING FIRE EXTINGUISHERS AND SPREADING COOKING OIL ON THE FLOOR TO TRY TO STOP POLICE FROM ADVANCING. THIS WAS THE SITE OF VIOLENT CONFRONTATIONS LAST MONTH, WHEN PROTESTERS RETURNING FROM A MARCH WERE ATTACKED BY PEOPLE IN WHITE SHIRTS. THE PROTESTERS ARE ANGRY THAT NO ONE HAS BEEN CHARGED FOR THOSE ATTACKS.>>>AND DOZENS OF PROTESTERS ALSO SURROUNDED THE BRITISH CONSULATE IN HONG KONG TODAY. THEY’RE CALLING FOR LONDON TO INTERVENE AFTER A CONSULATE STAFF MEMBER WAS DETAINED BY CHINA. SIMON CHENG’S FAMILY SAYS THAT HE’S BEEN MISSING SINCE AUGUST 8TH AFTER GOING TO MAINLAND CHINA ON A BUSINESS TRIP. JUST TODAY CHINA’S FOREIGN MINISTRY CONFIRMED THAT THE 28-YEAR-OLD HAS BEEN DETAINED FOR 15 DAYS, ALLEGEDLY FOR VIOLATING PUBLIC SECURITY LAWS.>>>AND WORK ON THE TRANS MOUNTAIN PIPELINE EXPANSION PROJECT IS GETTING UNDERWAY AGAIN. OTTAWA SAYS THAT PERMITS FOR PORTIONS OF THE LINE HAVE BEEN ISSUED. AND CONTRACTORS HAVE BEEN TOLD THEY HAVE A MONTH TO MOBILIZE EQUIPMENT AND WORKERS. CRITICS SAY THAT THE ANNOUNCEMENT COMES AT A CONVENIENT TIME FOR THE LIBERALS, WITH JUST WEEKS TO GO BEFORE THE FEDERAL ELECTION. ONCE ALL OF THE PERMITS ARE APPROVED, TRANS MOUNTAIN EXPECTS THE PIPELINE TO BE COMPLETED BY 2022.>>Andrew: TOMORROW MICHELLE LIU WILL MAKE HISTORY AT THE CANADIAN WOMEN’S OPEN. AT 12 YEARS OLD SHE’LL BE THE YOUNGEST GOLFER EVER TO PLAY IN THE CHAMPIONSHIP. AND ALREADY THE EXCITEMENT IS BUBBLELING OUT OF HER.>>I GOT TO SIGN A LOT OF AUTOGRAPHS AND I FEEL LIKE I’M GETTING TO BE PRETTY FAMOUS.>>Andrew: SHE DEFINITELY IS. TO PUT HER ACCOMPLISHMENT IN PERSPECTIVE, LIU IS JUST HEADING INTO GRADE EIGHT. SHE WAS BORN IN 2006. AND AARTI POLE EXPLAINS HOW SHE CAME SO FAR SO FAST.>>NICE SWING. PERFECT.>>Reporter: THE FORM, THE DRIVE, THE FOCUS. IT’S ALL PART OF THE WINNING RECIPE THAT MAKES VANCOUVER NATIVE MICHELLE LIU NO ORDINARY EIGHTH GRADER. LINED UP ON THE RANGE WITH PEOPLE WHO IN SOME CASES ARE TWICE HER AGE. ON THURSDAY LIU MAKES HER DEBUT AT CANADA’S MOST PRESTIGIOUS GOLF TOURNAMENT FOR WOMEN, HELD IN AURORA, ONTARIO.>>I’M DEFINITELY VERY EXCITED, AND A LITTLE BIT NERVOUS TOO. IT’S DEFINITELY A HIGHLIGHT IN MY GOLFING CAREER.>>Reporter: A SHORT CAREER SO FAR BUT AN IMPRESSIVE ONE. ALREADY SHE’S WON TWO JUNIOR WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS. IT ALL STARTED AT AGE 6. THE PUTTING PRODIGY WENT TO A GOLF CAMP WITH HER OLDER SISTER. BUT SHE WASN’T THINKING THIS FAR AHEAD.>>I MEAN AT 6, I DON’T REALLY REMEMBER IT THAT MUCH. BUT I’D SAY THAT I GUESS THAT I THOUGHT IT WAS VERY INTERESTING BECAUSE THERE WAS A BALL, THERE WAS A CLUB.>>Reporter: BY AGE 7, MICHELLE WAS SWINGING LIKE A PRO. HER COACH HAS BEEN TRAINING ASPIRING GOLF PROS FOR 28 YEARS. ALL OF THESE 28 YEARS HAVE YOU BROUGHT A 12-YEAR-OLD TO A PROFESSIONAL TOURNAMENT?>>NO. [laughter] THIS IS A FIRST.>>Reporter: HE’S BEEN TRAINING MICHELLE FOR SIX YEARS.>>PUT YOUR FOOT BACK MORE.>>THERE’S SOMETHING SPECIAL ABOUT MICHELLE. SHE’S VERY STRONG-WILLED. SHE HAS A BAD SHOT AND SHE CAN LEAVE IT ALONE AND MOVE ON TO THE NEXT SHOT.>>Reporter: ONE OF THE PLAYERS THAT MICHELLE HAS BEEN FOLLOWING CLOSELY, DEFENDING CHAMP BROOKE HENDERSON. SHE QUALIFIED FOR THE CANADIAN OPEN WHEN SHE WAS JUST 14 BACK IN 2012.>>I THINK THAT I FEEL A LITTLE BIT NERVOUS.>>Reporter: MEANWHILE MICHELLE’S MOM IS ALL NERVES AND EXCITEMENT. SHE SAYS THAT FOR THURSDAY’S FIRST ROUND MICHELLE WILL HAVE AN INTERNATIONAL AUDIENCE.>>HER GRANDMA WILL COME FROM CHINA AND HER DAD WILL COME. AND HER BEST FRIEND.>>Reporter: WHILE THEY REMAIN FOCUSED ON MICHELLE, THE EXTRAORDINARY 12-YEAR-OLD WILL KEEP HER EYE ON THE BALL. AARTI POLE, CBC NEWS, AURORA, ONTARIO.>>Andrew: AND THAT HISTORY-MAKING MOMENT LIU IS SCHEDULED TO TEE OFF AT 1:03 p.m. EASTERN.>>Ian: VERY EXCITING.>>>STILL AHEAD ON “THE NATIONAL”…>>>ANALYSING THE PATTERNS TO CRIMES WITH THE HELP OF AN ALGORITHM. WE REVISIT THE LAPD’S CONTROVERSIAL MESSAGE OF PREDICTIVE POLICING.>>Reporter: WHAT EFFECT WOULD IT HAVE FOR YOU TO BE PUT ON A FREQUENT OFFENDER LIST?>>I MEAN MARGINALIZATION.>>I’M JAYME POISSON AND TOMORROW ON CBC NEWS DAILY NEWS PODCAST “FRONTBURNER,” A PORTRAIT OF JUSTIN TRUDEAU AND HOW HIS STREAK OF FEARLESSNESS PLAYS INTO THE HIGHS AND LOWS OF HIS TIME AS PRIME MINISTER. SUBSCRIBE WHEREVER YOU GET YOUR PODCASTS. (*)>>Andrew: WHEN YOU THINK OF FIGHTING CRIME YOU PROBABLY THINK OF RESPONDING TO IT, BUT WHAT IF YOU COULD PREDICT IT BEFORE IT HAPPENS? AS KIM BRUNHUBER FIRST TOLD US LAST YEAR, THE LOS ANGELES POLICE DEPARTMENT IS TRYING TO DO JUST THAT WITH THE HELP OF COMPUTER ALGORITHMS. AND NOT EVERYONE IS HAPPY ABOUT IT. TONIGHT WE REVISIT HIS STORY.>>Reporter: BEFORE THE CUFFS AND BEFORE THE MANHUNT STARTS, AND BEFORE THE GUNS ARE EVEN LOADED, THIS IS HOW IT BEGINS. ONE OF THE MOST STATE-OF-THE-ART POLICE SYSTEM ORIGINATES HERE WITH A STACK OF PAPER AND A FLASH OF GREEN SCREENS. IT’S THE DATA THAT MATTERS AND HOW IT’S CRUNCHED BY A MULTIMILLION DOLLAR PROGRAMME TO PREDICT CRIME. ROLL CALL IN ALMOST EVERY MAJOR POLICE PRECINCT USUALLY SOUNDS A LITTLE LIKE THIS.>>A REMINDER TO EVERYONE ABOUT FINDING THE PRESSER FOR DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.>>Reporter: BUT HERE IN ONE OF THE BUSIEST POLICE STATIONS IN THE COUNTRY, RAMPART DIVISION IN DOWNTOWN LOS ANGELES, YOU’LL ALSO HEAR SOMETHING ELSE.>>YOU GUYS HAVE PREDPOL.>>Reporter: PREDPOL IS A PREDICTIVE POLICING COMPUTER PROGRAMME. ZOOM IN ON THE DESK AND YOU CAN SEE WHAT IT’S ALL ABOUT. THOSE LITTLE BOXES, THEY SHOW EXACTLY WHERE THE COMPUTER PREDICTS CRIMES WILL HAPPEN IN THE FUTURE. ZONES THAT WERE DRAWN UP NOT BY A PERSON BUT BY AN ALGORITHM. HERE’S HOW IT WORKS –>>DATA THAT PREDPOL HAS FOR OUR PARTICULAR DIVISION, RAMPART…>>Reporter: CAPTAIN JEFF NOLTE RUNS THE RAMPART DIVISION. CAN YOU DIAL IN AND SHOW US?>>ABSOLUTELY. THIS RIGHT HERE IS A VIEW ON THE COMPUTER OF WHAT IS SENT TO OUR OFFICERS EVERY MORNING ABOUT 1:30 a.m. FROM PREDPOL. THE OFFICERS ARE GIVEN THIS PAPER PRINTOUT. THE BOXES ARE 50 SQUARE FEET, SO THEY ARE VERY SMALL. THE BEAUTY IS THAT WE DON’T HAVE TO HAVE, YOU KNOW, SOMEBODY WORKING CRIME ANALYSIS AND LOOKING AT ALL OF THE TRENDS, AND READING THE REPORTS AND SUBJECT INFORMATION AND VICTIM AND DEVELOPING PROFILES. IT’S AUTOMATICALLY GIVEN TO US.>>SO WHEN YOU WANT TO PUT THAT INFORMATION IN…>>Reporter: IT’S A MACHINE-LEARNING ALGORITHM THAT ANALYSES SEVERAL YEARS WORTH OF CRIME REPORTS LIKE THESE. THE PRINCIPLE? CRIME ISN’T RANDOM. IT FOLLOWS A PATTERN. AND IF YOUR MATH IS GOOD ENOUGH, YOU CAN BE THERE WHEN CRIME HAPPENS.>>TWO BLOCKS UP…>>Reporter: OR BETTER YET — BEFORE.>>SHOULD BE ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THIS INTERSECTION HERE.>>Reporter: ON THIS SHIFT WE’LL SPEND TIME WITH SEVERAL OF THE DIVISIONS 10 PREDPOL BOXES WITH SERGEANT DAVE RICH. WE HAVE REACHED THE FIRST BOX, A RESIDENTIAL NEIGHBOURHOOD IN THE MIDDLE OF DOWNTOWN L.A. THIS JUST LOOKS LIKE ANY OTHER NEIGHBOURHOOD.>>CORRECT. SO THIS AREA ACROSS THE STREET FROM US RIGHT HERE HAS BEEN IDENTIFIED AS A PROBLEM AREA.>>Reporter: RAMPART DIVISION ONLY USES PREDPOL TO ANALYSE PROPERTY CRIME. AND ACCORDING TO TODAY’S REPORT, A GOOD CHANCE THAT SOMEONE WILL TRY TO STEAL SOMETHING SOMEWHERE AROUND HERE SOMETIME SOON.>>YOU’RE DRIVING THROUGH AREAS WHERE IT HAS BEEN IDENTIFIED AS PROBLEMATIC AND SOMETIMES YOU CAN JUST GET FLAGGED DOWN. AND YOU CAN TURN THE CORNER AND ROLL RIGHT INTO A ROBBERY IN PROGRESS. OR THERE COULD BE SOME SORT OF ALTERCATION.>>WHAT ARE WE WORKING ON? WHAT DO WE GOT? HOW LONG AGO DID THIS HAPPEN?>>Reporter: FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES YOU CAN SEE THE APPEAL. IT MAKES SENSE TO DEPLOY RESOURCES WHERE THEY’RE THE MOST LIKELY TO DO THE MOST GOOD. IS THERE ANY EVIDENCE THAT THIS ACTUALLY WORKS?>>SO THAT’S ACTUALLY A HARDER QUESTION THAN YOU WOULD THINK.>>Reporter: SOCIOLOGIST SARAH BRAYNE SPENT TWO YEARS HERE INSIDE OF THE LAPD HEADQUARTERS STUDYING THE PREDICTABILITY.>>I THINK THAT IT’S TOO EARLY TO SAY IF IT LEADS TO MORE EFFECTIVE POLICING BUT IT HAS THE POTENTIAL TO, YES, IF YOU’RE ALLOCATING RESOURCES WHERE CRIME IS ACTUALLY OCCURRING RATHER THAN BY THE PERCEPTIONS OF WHERE CRIME MAY BE OCCURRING, THAT’S A GOOD THING.>>Reporter: BUT THOSE WHO WORRY MOST ABOUT THOSE BIASED PERCEPTIONS WONDER, CAN WE TRUST THE ALGORITHM IF YOU DON’T TRUST THE POLICE? BECAUSE THERE’S ANOTHER EVEN MORE CONTROVERSIAL COMPONENT TO PREDICTIVE POLICING. ONE THAT CAN BE USED TO PREDICT NOT ONLY WHERE CRIMES WILL BE COMMITTED BUT BY WHOM BASED ON A SCORING SYSTEM. YOU GET FIVE POINTS IF YOU’RE IN A GANG, ON PAROLE, ON PROBATION, BEEN ARRESTED WITH A HANDGUN OR FOR A VIOLENT CRIME. AND ONE POINT FOR EVERY TIME THAT YOU HAVE BEEN STOPPED BY THE POLICE IN THE LAST TWO YEARS. EVERY THREE MONTHS THE COMPUTER SPITS OUT A LIST OF ABOUT 20 PEOPLE, THE CHRONIC OFFENDER MASTER LIST. EVERYONE ON THAT LIST IS SENT THIS LETTER FROM THE CHIEF OF THE LAPD, URGING THEM TO CHANGE THEIR WAYS. WITH THE LETTER COMES A LIST OF COMMUNITY SERVICE PROVIDERS AND AT THE END A FINAL WISH FROM THE CHIEF — GOOD LUCK.>>WE OFFER THOSE RESOURCES TO THOSE FOLKS AND GIVE THEM A WAY OUT.>>Reporter: OFFICERS ARE ASSIGNED TO CHECK IN ON THESE CHRONIC OFFENDERS AND TAKE ANY LEGAL OPPORTUNITY TO STOP THEM. WE’VE SHARED A RECENT CHRONIC OFFENDER BULLETIN WITH SARAH BRAYNE.>>IF INDIVIDUALS HAVE THESE CERTAIN POINT VALUES ALREADY AND THEN THE OFFICERS ARE ENCOURAGED WHEN THEY’RE OUT ON PATROL TO GO OUT AND STOP AND TALK TO THESE INDIVIDUALS TO CONTINUE GATHERING INTELLIGENCE AND TO FURTHER INCREASE THEIR POINT SCORE — THAT’S JUSTIFIED THEIR CONTINUED STOPPING DAY AFTER DAY. IT ESSENTIALLY TURNS INTO THIS CYCLE WHERE IT’S IMPOSSIBLE TO ESCAPE.>>Reporter: THAT’S WHY IN SOME COMMUNITIES THERE’S A GROWING FEAR. IF THE INFORMATION FED INTO THE COMPUTER MODELS IS BIASED, THEN THE POLICE DATA COULD BECOME ALMOST AS DANGEROUS AS THEIR GUNS. BALDWIN VILLAGE, BETTER KNOWN AS “THE JUNGLE.” ACCORDING TO THE LAPD STUDIES IT’S ONE OF THE MOST CRIME-RIDDEN AREAS IN THE CITY. FOR YEARS TO HELP TO CRACK DOWN ON GANGS THE LAPD HAS RELIED ON OFFICIAL LISTS OF KNOWN AND SUSPECTED GANG MEMBERS. YOU’RE ON THAT LIST –>>YES.>>Reporter: SO WHAT EFFECT DO YOU THINK IT WOULD HAVE FOR YOU TO BE PUT ON SOMETHING LIKE A FREQUENT OFFENDER LIST?>>I MEAN, MARGINALIZATION. IT WOULD — IT WOULD DISCOURAGE ME FROM THINKING ANYTHING HIGHER OF MYSELF.>>Reporter: IN “THE JUNGLE” WE MET UP WITH SEVERAL PEOPLE WHO ENDED UP ON THOSE GANG LISTS THOUGH THEY SAY THEY WEREN’T AND HAVE NEVER BEEN GANG MEMBERS LIKE ANTHONY. GROWING UP HE WONDERED WHY POLICE ALWAYS SEEMED TO BE STOPPING HIM WHENEVER THEY SAW HIM ON THE STREETS.>>WELL, ONE TIME THEY PUT ME IN THE BACK OF A POLICE CAR AND AS THEY’RE RUNNING MY NAME IN THEIR LITTLE COMPUTER IN THE CAR, I’M WATCHING THEM AS THEY’RE DOING IT. AND MY FILE COMES UP. AND I SEEN IT SAID “GANG ASSOCIATE, TAGGING CREW AFFILIATE” OR SOMETHING LIKE THAT. AND I WAS LIKE, WOW, THIS IS WHY THEY’RE ALWAYS HARASSING ME BECAUSE THEY THINK THAT I’M PART OF A GANG.>>Reporter: NOW SOME COMMUNITY GROUPS ARE FIGHTING BACK.>>SO IT’S WHEN YOU GET STOPPED BY AN OFFICER AND HE TAKES DOWN YOUR NAME AND WHAT YOU LOOK LIKE…>>Reporter: BASED IN AN AREA CALLED “SKID ROW,” IT WAS FOUNDED TO OPPOSE THE POLICE OPPRESSION AND INTELLIGENCE GATHERING. NOW VOLUNTEER JAMIE GARCIA IS TRYING TO WARN THE LOCAL COMMUNITY ABOUT THE DANGERS OF PREDICTIVE POLICING.>>BY DRIVING ALGORITHMS AND RISK ASSESSMENTS THE DATA THAT SOMEHOW POLICING IS BECOMING MORE EFFECTIVE AND EFFICIENT AND FAIR. AND I THINK THAT IS REALLY PROBLEMATIC BECAUSE IT’S TRYING TO MASK POLICING AND HOW IT’S ALWAYS HISTORICALLY BEEN, WHICH IS IMPACTING THE BLACK AND BROWN COMMUNITY.>>Reporter: LOOK CLOSELY AT THIS LIST. ALMOST EVERYONE ON IT IS A MINORITY.>>THE SUSPECTS ARE PROBABLY GOING TO LOOK LIKE THE POPULATION. IF YOU’RE TAKING A POSITION THAT MINORITIES ARE PARANOID THAT PREDPOL IS GOING TO PUT A BUNCH OF OFFICERS IN ONE AREA IN A BOX, YOU KNOW, I WOULD ARGUE THAT’S PART OF WHAT WE SHOULD DO. TO HAVE SOME INFORMATION THAT WE THINK THIS PLACE IS AT RISK, WE SHOULD GO THERE, BUT WE SHOULDN’T JUST USE ENFORCEMENT AND OPPRESSION.>>ESSENTIALLY RIGHT NOW ALL OF THE NEW SURVEILLANCE AND TECHNOLOGIES THAT CAN COLLECT DATA ON ALL OF US, NOT JUST THOSE WHO HAVE POLICE CONTACT, THAT TECHNOLOGY IS MOVES SO MUCH FASTER THAN THE LAWS AND REGULATIONS TO GOVERN THAT ACTIVITY. SO AS SUCH, IT’S PART OF THIS LEGAL AND REGULATORY WILD WEST.>>Reporter: DO YOU THINK THAT EVENTUALLY WE’LL SEE THESE TYPES OF TOOLS TO BE USED IN CANADA?>>I THINK THAT WE WILL. BUT I THINK IN THIS INSTANCE, ACTUALLY CANADA BEING A LITTLE BIT BEHIND THE U.S. IN CERTAIN WAYS, MIGHT BE A BENEFIT RATHER THAN A DRAWBACK.>>Reporter: BACK ON THE BEAT IN YET ANOTHER PREDPOL BOX, AN ARREST FOR ROBBERY.>>BROKE INTO THE APARTMENT COMPLEX…>>Reporter: SUPPORTERS OF PREDICTIVE POLICING HOPE THAT ONE DAY IT WILL PREVENT THEFTS LIKE THIS.>>[indiscernible]>>Reporter: ACTIVISTS FEAR THAT IF LEFT UNCHECKED THAT EVENTUALLY WE MIGHT ALL HAVE OUR OWN POLICE FILE, OUR OWN “SCORE.” KIM BRUNHUBER, CBC NEWS, LOS ANGELES.>>Andrew: SINCE THAT STORY FIRST AIRED THE LAPD HAS DECIDED TO CHANGE PARTS OF THE PREDICTIVE POLICING PROGRAMME. THEY PLAN TO GET RID OF THE PART THAT IDENTIFIES INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE MOST LIKELY TO COMMIT A CRIME AND THEY PLAN TO MAKE THE BOXES OF THOSE HOTSPOTS SMALLER.>>Ian: UP NEXT ON “THE NATIONAL”…>>>ONE ALBERTA WOMAN’S CLOSE ENCOUNTER WITH AN ANIMAL THAT YOU DON’T WANT TO FIND IN YOUR BACKYARD.>>ALL OF A SUDDEN I FROZE IN MY TRACKS BECAUSE RIGHT AHEAD OF US WERE THREE GRIZZLY BEARS.>>Ian: WHAT HAPPENED NEXT IS TONIGHT’S “MOMENT.” BUT FIRST… (*)>>>”IN CASE YOU MISSED IT,” THESE ARE THE FIRST NEW IMAGES OF THE TITANIC IN NEARLY 15 YEARS. THEY REVEAL THAT THE WORLD’S MOST FAMOUS SHIPWRECK HAS BEEN DISAPPEARING AT A RAPID CLIP.>>PROBABLY THE MOST SHOCKING AREA OF DETERIORATION WAS THE STARBOARD SIDE OF THE OFFICERS’ QUARTERS WHERE THE CAPTAIN’S QUARTERS ARE. THE CAPTAIN’S BATHTUB IS A FAVOURITE IMAGE AMONG TITANIC ENTHUSIASTS AND THAT’S NOW GONE. THAT WHOLE DECK HOUSE ON THAT SIDE IS COLLAPSING.>>Ian: MICROBES ARE EATING AT THE METAL AND TURNING IT TO RUSTY NUBS THAT EVENTUALLY DISSOLVE. THE GLASS IN THE PORTHOLES ARE MUCH MORE RESILIENT, EERIE WINDOWS INTO THE PAST. THE TITANIC WAS THE LARGEST SHIP OF ITS AGE, LAUNCHED FROM SOUTHAMPTON, ENGLAND, IN 1912. IT NEVER REACHED NEW YORK, OF COURSE, THE MIGHTY SHIP STRIKING AN ICEBERG AND SINKING. MORE THAN 1,500 PEOPLE LOST THEIR LIVES.>>I THINK THAT IT’S STILL IMPORTANT TO GO DOWN AND VISIT THE WRECK BECAUSE, OF COURSE, THE WRECK ITSELF IS NOW THE ONLY WITNESS THAT WE’VE GOT OF THE TITANTIC DISASTER. ALL OF THE SURVIVORS HAVE NOW PASSED AWAY. SO I THINK THAT IT’S IMPORTANT TO USE THE WRECK WHILE THE WRECK STILL HAS SOMETHING TO SAY.>>Ian: RESEARCHERS ARE NOW EXAMINING THESE PICTURES TO ESTIMATE HOW LONG IT WILL TAKE THE WRECK TO VANISH ENTIRELY.>>Ian: GRIZZLY BEARS MAY BE A TREASURED CANADIAN SPECIES BUT AS ONE ALBERTA WOMAN DISCOVERED, THEY’RE NOT SO GREAT WHEN THEY’RE IN YOUR BACKYARD. MARGE WHITEHEAD WAS NEAR WHITECOURT WHEN SHE SPOTTED NOT ONE, NOT TWO, BUT THREE GRIZZLES IN HER YARD. SHE WAS GARDENING AND SHE TURNED AROUND. WELL, WE’LL LET HER TELL YOU AND SHOW YOU THE REST IN TONIGHT’S “MOMENT.”>>NO! COME HERE, COME HERE! ALL OF A SUDDEN I FROZE IN MY TRACKS AND MY DOGS TORE OFF BECAUSE RIGHT AHEAD OF US WERE THREE GRIZZLY BEARS RIGHT IN OUR FRONT YARD. I DIDN’T EVEN MOVE FOR A TIME. BUT THEN WHEN THE DOGS STARTED BARKING A LOT, AND THEY WENT AFTER THE BEARS AND I GOT IN MY HOUSE AND CLOSED AND LOCKED THE DOOR. FROM THERE I WENT UP TO THE UPPER DECK BECAUSE I FELT I WAS SAFER AND I THOUGHT EVEN AT ONE POINT THAT I THINK THAT OUR BIGGER DOG NIPPED THE BEAR ON THE BUTT AND IT TURNED ON HIM. IT WAS SO FRIGHTENING THAT I KEPT CALLING AND CALLING FOR THE DOGS TO COME BACK BUT, I MEAN, THEY’RE DOING THEIR JOB TO PROTECT ME SO THEY WOULDN’T LISTEN TO ME. I HAD ACTUALLY FIRED MY SHOTS OF MY GUN, WARNING SHOTS TO TRY TO SCARE THEM AWAY BUT THEY WEREN’T FAZED AT ALL BY THE GUNSHOTS. I WAS TOTALLY AMAZED BY THAT. OUR TWO DOGS ARE SO LOYAL TO ME AND THEY DON’T LEAVE MY FEET AND THAT’S WHEN WE’RE OUT AND ABOUT. SO I’M SO THANKFUL TO THEM. AND OH, MY GOSH IT WAS SO SCARY TO KNOW THAT SOMETHING COULD HAVE HURT THEM.>>Ian: YOU KNOW, ANDREW, I DON’T THINK THAT THOSE PICTURES DO JUSTICE TO JUST HOW FRIGHTENING GRIZZLIES ARE. THREE GRIZZLIES, YOU KNOW, SHE FIRED THE WARNING SHOTS AND THAT DIDN’T WORK. A NEIGHBOUR EVENTUALLY CAME OVER AND DROVE TOWARDS THE GRIZZLIES, NOT TO HIT THEM, BUT TO SCARE THEM OFF. IT WORKED, BUT ONLY FOR A SHORT PERIOD OF TIME. THEY CAME BACK AND THEY WERE NOT ONLY SCARY BUT PERSISTENT.>>Andrew: YEAH, MAN, MY HEART WAS IN MY THROAT THE WHOLE TIME. I MEAN THE FIRST TIME I WATCHED THAT VIDEO. BECAUSE EXACTLY AS YOU SAY — IMAGINE HOW TERRIFYING THAT WOULD BE TO BE IN THAT SITUATION, NOT ONLY FOR YOUR OWN SAFETY BUT SHE SAYS IT RIGHT THERE. WHEN YOUR DOGS GO OUT THERE AND YOU’RE PLEADING WITH THEM TO PLEASE COME BACK BECAUSE THE LAST THING YOU WANT TO SEE IS SOMETHING BAD HAPPEN. BOY, MY GOSH — I’M GLAD THAT NOTHING BAD DID HAPPEN EXCEPT FOR A LITTLE BIT OF PROPERTY DAMAGE APPARENTLY.>>>THAT’S “THE NATIONAL” FOR THIS WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 21st. HAVE A GOOD NIGHT.>>Ian: GOODNIGHT. (*)

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