The National for Wednesday April 19, 2017


>>Wendy: GOOD EVENING, I’M WENDY MESLEY. THIS IS “THE NATIONAL.”>>>AS MORE AND MORE ASYLUM SEEKERS SNEAK INTO CANADA, A REGINA WOMAN IS CHARGED WITH HUMAN SMUGGLING.>>>CANADA’S DAIRY DILEMMA. WE EXPLAIN THE SYSTEM THAT ANGERS SO MANY COUNTRIES.>>WHAT IT GETS YOU AND WHAT IT COSTS YOU.>>>FOX NEWS CUTS LOOSE THE BIGGEST STAR.>>>PLUS, AS B.C.’S DRUG DEATHS ESCALATE, WE SHOW YOU HOW PORTUGAL TURNED THE TIDE. [♪♪♪]>>>THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE INTERCEPTED BY THE MOUNTIES WHILE CROSSING THE BORDER ROSE DRAMATICALLY LAST MONTH. NEARLY 1900 ASYLUM SEEKERS MADE THE JOURNEY TO CANADA IN MARCH. MORE THAN DOUBLE THE ATTEMPTS IN FEBRUARY. BUT TODAY, THE FOCUS OF THE R.C.M.P. WAS ON ONE SPECIFIC BORDER TRIP. THEY CHARGED A SASKATCHEWAN WOMAN WITH HUMAN SMUGGLING. CAMERON MacINTOSH HAS THE DETAILS.>>Reporter: NORTH PORTAL, SASKATCHEWAN, AS FAR AS BORDER CROSSING GOES, THIS IS QUIET. ON FRIDAY NIGHT, THE FIRST REAL GLIMPSE INTO HOW CANADIAN AND AMERICAN AUTHORITIES ARE TRACKING HOW SOME ASYLUM SEEKERS ARE CROSSING THE BORDER.>>Interview: THE CBSA UNCOVERED EVIDENCE TO SUGGEST SUSPECTED SMUGGLERS WERE ALLEGEDLY BRINGING FOREIGN NATIONALS INTO CANADA.>>Reporter: THE AUTHORITIES SAID ONE OF THE SUSPECTS WAS FLAGGED CROSSING ALONE INTO THE U.S. AN HOUR LATER…>>THE R.C.M.P. INTERCEPTED A FEMALE CANADIAN RESIDENT DRIVING NORTH OF THE BORDER IN CANADA IN HER VEHICLE WERE 9 FOREIGN NATIONALS WHO FAILED TO REPORT TO THE CBSA UPON ENTERING CANADA.>>Reporter: MICHELLE OMORUYI FACES CHARGES.>>HUMANITARIAN REASONS, FOR AIDING OR FACILITATING SMUGGLING, THERE WOULD NOT BE CHARGES.>>Reporter: THE AMERICAN OFFICIALS MADE ARRESTS. THE INVESTIGATION CONTINUES. REFUGEE ADVOCATES SAID IT IS LIKELY NOT ISOLATED.>>THE REALITY AROUND THE WORLD IS THAT MANY TIMES REFUGEES DO HAVE TO DEPEND UPON SMUGGLERS TO HELP THEM GET ACROSS THE BARRIERS THAT ARE PUT UP.>>Reporter: THE 9 PEOPLE WHO CROSSED THE BORDER HAVE NOT BEEN CHARGED. THEY QUALIFY TO MAKE ASYLUM CLAIMS UNDER THE REFUGEE ACT. IN RECENT MONTHS, THE NUMBERS ARE GOING UP. NEW NUMBERS SHOW WHAT MANY EXPECTED. A SHARP INCREASE IN NUMBERS OF INTERCEPTIONS AT THE BORDER BY THE R.C.M.P. ALMOST DOUBLING SINCE JANUARY 1ST TO NEARLY 2,000 PEOPLE. QUEBEC AND MANITOBA HAVE THE HIGHEST NUMBERS. WHILE SOME ARE DETAINED BY BORDER SERVICES, MOST ARE BEING ALLOWED INTO THE COUNTRY TO MAKE A REFUGEE CLAIM. THESE ASYLUM SEEKERS ARRIVED IN MANITOBA IN JANUARY. CLAIMING VIOLENCE IN THEIR COUNTRY. WHETHER THEY STAY IS UNCLEAR. THEY ARE WAITING FOR REFUGEE BOARD HEARINGS.>>I WANT TO GET FREEDOM AND HEALTH HERE.>>REPORTER: THE OFFICE FOR THE PUBLIC SAFETY MINISTER TODAY SAID IT IS MONITORING THE INCREASED NUMBERS AND IS CONFIDENT IN THE R.C.M.P. AND CANADA BORDER SERVICES AGENCY. IT WOULD NOT OFFER A COMMENT, HOWEVER, ON THE ARREST SAYING THAT IS A MATTER FOR THE COURTS.>>Wendy: THE GOVERNMENT WAS SPEAKING OUT TODAY ABOUT DONALD TRUMP’S SURPRISING ATTACK AGAINST CANADA’S DAIRY INDUSTRY. LIBERAL M.P. WAYNE EASTER SAID TRUMP CLEARLY DOES NOT UNDERSTAND CANADIAN DAIRY POLICY. HE SAID THE U.S. CREATED ITS OWN PROBLEMS THROUGH OVER PRODUCTION. AND TRYING TO BREAK CANADA’S SUPPLY MANAGEMENT IS NOT THE ANSWER.>>CANADA ALLOWS MUCH MORE PRODUCTION INTO OUR COUNTRY, MANY MORE DAIRY PRODUCTS INTO OUR COUNTRY, ABOUT 10% OF OUR TOTAL MARKET IN TERMS OF DAIRY. WHEREAS THE UNITED STATES IS A MANY MORE CLOSED MARKET. IT ALLOWS 3% OF THE TOTAL MARKET IN DAIRY PRODUCTS INTO THEIR COUNTRY.>>Wendy: EASTER SAID CANADA IS STANDING ON PRETTY SOLID GROUND. BUT NOT EVERYONE AGREES. SUPPLY MANAGEMENT IS A CONTENTIOUS ISSUE IN CANADA TOO. NOT TO MENTION, A COMPLICATED ONE FOR THE UNINITIATED. WE ASKED ALISON NORTHCOTT TO WALK US HOW IT WORKS AND HOW IT AFFECTS CUSTOMERS.>>Reporter: THIS MAN’S FAMILY HAS BEEN IN THE DAIRY BUSINESS SINCE THE 1840s. HE SAID CANADA’S SUPPLY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM HELPS KEEPS HIS FARM AFLOAT.>>Interview: SUPPLY MANAGEMENT GIVES MYSELF AND MY FAMILY THE ABILITY TO MAKE A LIVING WITH THE FARM. TO KEEP THIS AS A FAMILY FARM.>>Reporter: SUPPLY MANAGEMENT HAS BEEN A KEY PART OF CANADA’S DAIRY INDUSTRY SINCE THE 1970s. IT AIMS TO MATCH SUPPLY WITH DEMAND. CONTROLLING HOW MUCH DAIRY AND SOME OTHER AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS ARE PRODUCED AND IMPOSES STIFF TARIFFS OF UP TO 300% ON DAIRY IMPORTS.>>Interview: ABILITY IN TERMS OF SUPPLY. IT OFFERS QUITE FAIR PRICES FOR THE PRODUCT. IT OFFERS A FAIR RESOLUTION TO PRODUCERS.>>Reporter: IT A CONTENTIOUS SYSTEM. SEEN AS A PROTECTIONIST POLICY THAT DRIVES UP PRICES FOR CONSUMERS.>>Interview: IT ALSO REDUCES THE COMPETITIVENESS OF OUR OWN INDUSTRY THROUGH THIS PROTECTION. IF WE HAD A MARKET SYSTEM INSTEAD, AND WE EXPORTED MORE, THESE WOULD BE A MORE EFFICIENT OPERATIONS. AND WE WOULD BENEFIT FROM MORE TRADE AND LOWER PRICES.>>President Donald Trump: BECAUSE IN CANADA, SOME VERY UNFAIR THINGS HAVE HAPPENED TO OUR DAIRY FARMERS.>>Reporter: DONALD TRUMP MADE HIS COMMENTS ABOUT THE CANADIAN DAIRY INDUSTRY IN WISCONSIN. WHERE THE DAIRY FARMERS HAVE BEEN EMBROILED IN A TRADE DISPUTE WITH CANADA OVER WHAT IS CALLED ULTRA FILTERED MILK. USED IN CHEESE THAT U.S. PRODUCERS CAN SELL IN CANADA WITHOUT A TARIFF. BUT PRODUCERS HERE RECENTLY LOWERED THE PRICE OF SOME OF THEIR MILK INGREDIENTS TO OFFSET THE COMPETITION. DELIVERING A MAJOR BLOW TO SOME AMERICAN FARMERS. NOW, WITH THE U.S. PRESIDENT THREATENING TO GET TOUGH ON TRADE, SOME SAY CANADA WOULD HAVE TO MAKE CONCESSIONS ON SUPPLY MANAGEMENT.>>THIS HAS TO BE ON THE TABLE. HOW MUCH WE GIVE, I’M NOT SURE.>>Reporter: CANADA’S SYSTEM HAS SURVIVED HURDLES BEFORE INCLUDING A CHALLENGE AT THE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION. IT COULD FACE THAT AGAIN WITH RENEWED CRITICISM FROM INDUSTRY LEADERS IN AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND ADDING TO THE COMPLAINTS FROM THE U.S. >>Wendy: COMING UP, EARTH SURVIVES A COSMIC CLOSE CALL. WHAT IF THE NEXT ONE CAME RIGHT AT US? BOB MacDONALD MAY OR MAY NOT EASE YOUR MIND.>>>PLUS, YOU GET A CLOSE-UP LOOK AT CAPTURED ISIS SOLDIERS ARE INTERROGATED.>>>THE SUCCESS CAN BE MEASURED BY THE SIZE OF THE AUDIENCE, IN THE U.S., BILL O’REILLY WAS THE KING. THE STAR OF FOX NEWS PRIME TIME LINE-UP FOR TWO DECADES. HIS OPINION-LACED COVERAGE SHAPED THE WAY MILLIONS OF AMERICANS SAW THE WORLD. HE IS OFF THE AIR TODAY. OUSTED DUE TO SEXUAL HARASSMENT ALLEGATIONS. LYNDSAY DUNCOMBE HAS MORE.>>Reporter: ON THE DAY HE LOST HIS JOB OVER SEXUAL HARASSMENT ALLEGATIONS, BILL O’REILLY, SUPERSTAR OF THE RELIGIOUS RIGHT MET THE POPE.>>I AM BILL O’REILLY.>>Reporter: AS FALLS FROM GRACE GOES, THIS IS ALMOST BIBLICAL. THE TOP RATED ANCHOR AT THE NUMBER ONE CABLE NETWORK IN THE U.S. OUT WITH A ONE LINE STATEMENT FROM FOX… EARLIER THIS MONTH, THE “NEW YORK TIMES” REVEALED FIVE WOMEN RECEIVED MILLIONS IN SETTLEMENTS FROM FOX AFTER ACCUSING O’REILLY OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT.>>I RECEIVED AN E-MAIL…>>Reporter: AFTER THE ORIGINAL STORY WAS PUBLISHED, THE CANADIAN BORN RELATIONSHIP GURU AND RADIO HOST MADE SIMILAR ACCUSATIONS AGAINST O’REILLY.>>I AM HERE FOR THE FUTURE OF MY DAUGHTERS. AND ALL THE DAUGHTERS OF AMERICA WHO ARE ENTERING THE WORKFORCE IN DROVES. I WANT THEM TO HAVE A SAFE NON-TOXIC WORK ENVIRONMENT.>>Reporter: 50 ADVERTIZERS PULLED OUT OF THE SHOW. THE AUDIENCE DID NOT. EVEN THE PRESIDENT SEEMED TO SUPPORT THE HOST. TELLING THE “NEW YORK TIMES” HE DID NOT THINK BILL DID ANYTHING WRONG. ONE OF THE CRITICISMS OF FOX IS IT TOLERATED A CULTURE OF HARASSMENT. NOT JUST FROM O’REILLY BUT FROM FORMER BOSS ROGER AILES TOO. THE FOUNDER AND FORMER CEO LOST HIS JOB OVER SEXUAL HARASSMENT ALLEGATIONS LAST SUMMER. WOMEN’S ADVOCATES SAID HOLDING ACCOUNTABLE THESE MEN AT THIS NETWORK UNDER THIS ADMINISTRATION SENDS A MESSAGE.>>I TOTALLY UNDERSTAND WHY WOMEN ARE CELEBRATING THIS VICTORY TODAY. I AM CELEBRATING IT AS A VICTORY AS WELL. I THINK WE HAVE TO ASK WHAT ABOUT THE WOMEN BEING HARASSED WHO DON’T HAVE ADVERTIZERS AND DOLLARS FOR THEIR BOSSES TO LOSE?>>Reporter: IN A STATEMENT TONIGHT, BILL O’REILLY CALLED THE ACCUSATIONS COMPLETELY UNFOUNDED. AND WISHED HIS FORMER EMPLOYER THE BEST. HE DID NOT DISCLOSE THE TERMS OF HIS DEPARTURE. HIS FORMER BOSS ROGER AILES LEFT THE NETWORK WITH A $40 MILLION SETTLEMENT. LYNDSAY DUNCOMBE, CBC NEWS.>>Wendy: THE BRITISH PRIME MINISTER THERESA MAY TURNED TO PARLIAMENT TODAY TO VOTE ON HER DECISION TO LAUNCH THE COUNTRY INTO A GENERAL ELECTION. WESTMINSTER OBLIGED IN TYPICALLY ROWDY FASHION.>>ORDER. ORDER.>>Wendy: THE YES VOTE FOR AN EARLY ELECTION WAS OVERWHELMING. MAY SAID THE ELECTION WILL STRENGTHEN BRITAIN’S HAND IN BREXIT NEGOTIATIONS WITH EUROPE. THE LABOUR OPPOSITION TRAILED BADLY IN POLLS. ITS LEADER JEREMIE CORBYN CONSIDERED UNPOPULAR.>>>AFTER VIDEO SHOWING A MURDER WAS POSTED TO FACEBOOK AND VIEWED BY PEOPLE AROUND THE WORLD FOR HOURS BEFORE BEING REMOVED, THERE ARE CALLS FOR THE SOCIAL MEDIA GIANT TO DO A BETTER JOB FILTERING CONTENT. WITH FACEBOOK RELEASING MORE FEATURES, THAT POLICING JOB IS ABOUT TO GET MORE DIFFICULT IT IS SAID.>>Reporter: THE FUTURE OF FACEBOOK SOON WILL BE ABLE TO TURN OURSELVES INTO CARTOONS. AND MEET UP WITH DISTANT BUDDIES IN VIRTUAL REALITY. FACEBOOK STILL HAS NOT MASTERED ITS OWN ACTUAL REALITY. THIS YEAR’S ANNUAL DEVELOPER CONFERENCE IS OVER SHADOWED BY TRAGEDY. THE MURDER OF ROBERT GODWIN POSTED TO ITS SITE BY STEVE STEVENS.>>WE WILL DO ALL WE CAN TO PREVENT TRAGEDIES LIKE THIS FROM HAPPENING.>>Reporter: THE FACEBOOK CEO BRIEFLY ADDRESSED THE ISSUE. MANY IN THE AUDIENCE WERE NOT PERSUADED SOMETHING LIKE THIS WILL NOT HAPPEN AGAIN. FOR THE MOST PART, FACEBOOK RELIES ON USERS TO REPORT OFFENSIVE POSTS WHICH ARE REVIEWED BY PAID STAFF OR CONTRACTOR IN FOREIGN CONTRACTORS. ACCORDING TO A PROFESSOR WHO STUDIES ONLINE CONTENT MODERATING, THERE ARE NOT ENOUGH PEOPLE TO MONITOR FACEBOOK’S 2 BILLION USERS.>>REVIEWING CONTENT AND MAKING DECISIONS IS A GAME OF CATCH AS CATCH CAN.>>Reporter: ONE-THIRD OF THE INCIDENTS INVOLVING OBJECTIONABLE POSTS ARE FLAGGED BY AN ALGORITHM. LEAPS IN TECHNOLOGY MADE THE COMPANY’S ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE SMARTER. IT IS FAR FROM PERFECT. IT MISSED THE STEPHENS POST. BUT CENSORED A POST FROM THE VIETNAM WAR. THE JOB WILL GET MORE DIFFICULT AS FACEBOOK ADDS MORE COMPLEX FEATURES.>>Interview: IT MAKES IT HARDER TO MAKE THE ADAPTATION OF THE ALGORITHM IN PRACTICE. IT IS MORE DATA. MORE DATA, MORE VARIABLES, MORE TIME NEEDED TO PROCESS THE INFORMATION.>>Reporter: CRITICS SAID FACEBOOK SHOULD SPEND MORE EFFORT ON THAT INSTEAD OF ANIMATING YOUR BREAKFAST.>>Interview: FACEBOOK HAS INCREDIBLE TOOLS TO FIGURE OUT WHAT YOU ARE POSTING AND WHAT IS IN YOUR PHOTOS. THEY ARE UNWILLING TO TAKE THE SAME STEPS WITH THE SAME TECHNOLOGY TO MAKE IT SO YOU CAN’T POST THE OBJECTIONABLE THINGS.>>Reporter: IF FACEBOOK IS GOING TO DEVELOP NEW EXCITING WAYS TO SHARE OUR LIVES, IT HAS A RESPONSIBILITY TO CREATE MORE WAYS TO STOP US FROM SHARING TOO. KIM BRUNHUBER, CBC NEWS, SAN JOSE, CALIFORNIA.>>Wendy: TWO MAJOR STUDIES PUBLISHED SUGGEST TAKING ANTI-DEPRESSANTS DURING PREGNANCY DOES NOT INCREASE AUTISM OR ADHD IN THE CHILD AS SUSPECTED PREVIOUSLY. ONE FOLLOWED 1.5 MILLION CHILDREN BORN IN SWEDEN. THE OTHER NEARLY 36,000 CHILDREN BORN IN CANADA BETWEEN 2002 AND 2010. BOTH TEAMS COMPARED CHILDREN EXPOSED TO ANTI-DEPRESSANTS IN UTERO. TO THEIR UNEXPOSED SIBLINGS AND BOTH CONCLUDED THERE WAS NO INCREASED RISK AMONG THE EXPOSED CHILDREN FOR AUTISM OR ADHD.>>>IN THE WORLD OF FOOD TRENDS, PROBIOTICS HAVE BEEN UP THERE WITH THE LIKES OF KALE. THE HEALTH BENEFITS ARE REAL. IN THE VAST SEA OF COLOURFUL CONTAINERS, NEW RESEARCH DETERMINED NOT ALL PROBIOTICS ARE CREATED EQUAL. IF YOU THINK YOU ARE GETTING ADDED BENEFITS FROM PROBIOTICS. THE FINDINGS MAY DISAPPOINT YOU. CHRISTINE BIRAK EXPLAINS.>>HOW HARD IS IT TO PICK A YOGURT. IT IS DIFFICULT.>>Reporter: YOU PROBABLY HEARD THEY IMPROVE DIGESTIVE HEALTH. MORE SPECIFICALLY IF YOU WANT THIS YOGURT TO REDUCE GAS, STOMACH RUMBLING OR IRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME, BE PREPARED TO EAT BETWEEN 8 AND 25 OF THESE A DAY. USING THE FOOD INDUSTRY’S OWN STUDIES, THE RESEARCHERS SET OUT TO DETERMINE WHICH PROBIOTICS WERE HELPFUL AND WHAT DOSE. FOR EXAMPLE, THE STRAIN IN THIS CAN HELP WITH COUGH AND COLD SYMPTOMS, REDUCING SICK DAYS FOR KIDS. BUT THEY WILL NEED 20 SERVINGS A DAY. OR JUST ONE TO THREE OF THIS YOGURT DRINK BECAUSE IT HAS TEN TIMES MORE PROBIOTICS PER SERVING.>>Interview: ONE OF THIS BRAND IS MORE ATTAINABLE. ANOTHER ONE, IT IS LESS ATTAINABLE. THE INFORMATION IS NOT ON THE LABEL.>>Reporter: THE YOGURT SECTION KEEPS GROWING YEAR AFTER YEAR. PROBIOTICS ARE A MAJOR PLAYER. YES THE MICROORGANISMS ARE GOOD FOR YOUR GUT. WHICH STRAIN, WHAT INGREDIENT, IT IS NOT AS EASY TO BREAK DOWN. THIS ONE HAS IT. WE ASKED A REGISTERED DIETITIAN TO DIGEST THE GOOD BACTERIA. FOR STARTERS, IF THE LABEL SAYS PROBIOTICS…>>IT MEANS IT HAS A BILLION UNITS OF PROBIOTICS. IT WILL PROVIDE SOME GUT HEALTH BENEFITS.>>Reporter: ALSO LOOK FOR LIVE AND ACTIVE CULTURES. THE BILLIONS MORE, THE BETTER. AVOID YOGURT THAT SAYS HEATED AFTER CULTURING. IT KILLS GOOD BACTERIA. LOOK FOR FEWER INGREDIENTS, YOU NEED ABOUT 3 OR 4. AND WATCH FOR ADDED SUGAR AND ARTIFICIAL SWEETENERS.>>Interview: SOME YOGURTS CAN BE THE EQUIVALENT OF HAVING A CUP OF SODA. SO YOU WANT TO MAKE SURE YOU ARE TAKING A LOOK AT THAT INGREDIENTS’ LIST.>>Reporter: IT SUGGESTS IT DECREASED DIARRHEA AND REDUCED CAVITY. IT IS A GREAT SOURCE OF PROBIOTICS. IF YOU DON’T LIKE YOGURT, THERE IS FERMENTED CABBAGE. IT DOES NOT ALWAYS COME IN A>>Wendy: THIS MAY LOOK LIKE SLOW MOTION VIDEO OF A PEANUT BEING TOSSED THROUGH THE AIR. BUT YOU DEFINITELY DON’T WANT TO EAT THIS. THIS IS AN ASTEROID MORE THAN A KILOMETRE ACROSS. TODAY, BY ASTRONOMICAL STANDARDS, IT NARROWLY MISSED THE EARTH. THE ASTEROID IS NICKNAMED THE ROCK. IT WAS DISCOVERED THREE YEARS AGO. IT HAS BEEN TRACKED EVER SINCE. ALSO WATCHING OUT FOR THE ROCK AND OTHER ROCKS LIKE IT, THE HOST OF CBC RADIO. WHY IS THIS SPECIAL?>>THIS ONE HAS OUR ATTENTION BECAUSE IT IS A LITTLE BIGGER, MORE THAN A KILOMETRE ACROSS. IT IS A REMINDER THERE ARE A LOT OUT THERE. I HAVE ANIMATION TO SHOW HOW CLOSE IT CAME TO US. 1 MILLION KILOMETRES AWAY. BEYOND THE ORBIT OF THE MOON. THAT IS A LONG WAY TO OUR STANDARDS. ASTRONOMICALLY IT IS A CLOSE SHAVE. THERE ARE OTHERS OUT THERE THAT ARE RUNNING AROUND, MILLIONS OF THEM ARE RUNNING AROUND IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM, WE HAVE NOT SEEN ALL OF THEM YET. THIS PARTICULAR ONE, AS YOU SAY, LOOKS LIKE A PEANUT. IT WOULD HAVE DONE A LOT OF DAMAGE IF IT HIT THE EARTH. TO GIVE YOU A SENSE OF SCALE, I HAVE OTHER FOOTAGE OF ONE THAT HIT RUSSIA A COUPLE OF YEARS AGO. THAT WAS TEN METRES ACROSS. IT EXPLODED IN THE ATMOSPHERE. IT BROKE WINDOWS. IT DID DAMAGE TO BUILDINGS AND SOME PEOPLE WERE HURT BY THAT. THIS ONE IS 1200 KILOMETRES ACROSS. IF IT HIT US, IT WOULD TAKE OUT TORONTO, MONTREAL AND OTTAWA ALL AT ONE TIME. A SERIOUS ISSUE.>>Wendy: SO IF A ROCK LIKE THIS WAS ON A DIRECT COLLISION COURSE, WHAT COULD WE DO TO STOP IT?>>Interview: TWO THINGS. NEITHER OF ONE WE ARE DOING. ONE HAVE TELESCOPES TO IDENTIFY THE ONES THAT ARE COMING TOWARD US. AND TWO, SEND A ROCKET OUT TO MEET IT AND TRY TO NUDGE IT OUT OF THE WAY. THE TECHNOLOGIES DO NOT EXIST AT THE MOMENT. IT IS SOMETHING WE HAVE TO TAKE CARE OF. THERE ARE MORE COMING.>>Wendy: THANK YOU VERY MUCH.>>>AND FOR HAZARDOUS FLYING OBJECTS, YOU DON’T HAVE TO GO AS FAR AS SPACE. AN AIR CANADA FLIGHT CREW WAS REMINDED ON THAT ON THE APPROACH TO THE OTTAWA AIRPORT.>>WE HAVE TO AVOID A DRONE HERE ON FINAL.>>Wendy: THAT IS A BIT OF A CONVERSATION WITH AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL YESTERDAY. THE CROWD SAID THE DRONE PASSED BY THE LEFT WING WHEN THE PLANE WAS ABOUT 5 KILOMETRES FROM THE RUNWAY. OPERATING ONE THAT CLOSE TO AN AIRPORT IS PROHIBITED AND DANGEROUS.>>BASICALLY A CRASH. IT COULD CRASH A PLANE. THE PLANE IS ON EITHER TAKEOFF OR LANDING. THERE IS VERY FEW SPACE TO AVOID.>>Wendy: THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT ANNOUNCED NEW REGULATIONS ON DRONES A MONTH AGO. BREAKING THE RULES MEANS A FINE OF UP TO $3,000.>>>FOR DAYS, MEDIA AROUND THE WORLD, INCLUDING THIS PROGRAM, REPORTED THAT A U.S. CARRIER GROUP WAS HEADED TOWARD NORTH KOREA. THE U.S. PRESIDENT TWEETED HE WAS SENDING A “ARMADA.” THE SENIOR OFFICIALS ADMIT THAT THE SHIPS WERE HEADING IN THE OTHER DIRECTION. AND WILL NOT BE NEAR THE KOREAN PENINSULA UNTIL THE END OF THE MONTH. THAT’S RAISED QUESTIONS ABOUT CREDIBILITY. AT A TIME WHEN THE STAKE AND SIGNALS CAN LEAD TO WAR. IN NORTH KOREA, ITSELF, NO GOVERNMENT MESSAGE CAN BE TRUSTED AND PEOPLE SEEM TO MARCH CALMLY AND CONFIDENTLY TO THE DRUM BEAT OF NUCLEAR BRINKMANSHIP. IT IS A WORLD SASA PETRICIC SAW FIRSTHAND WITH THE HELP OF GOVERNMENT MINDERS.>>Reporter: DEEP UNDER PYONGYANG, PEOPLE POUR OUT OF THE SUBWAY. THEY LOOK BORED OR WEARY, THERE IS NO SIGN OF PANIC. UNDER THE GAZE OF THEIR SO-CALLED DEAR LEADERS, PREVIOUS RULERS OF NORTH KOREA IN THE KIM DYNASTY, IT IS CLEAR THE PARTY LINE HAS BEEN LEARNED. U.S. IMPERIALISTS MAY TRY TO CRUSH US THIS MAN SAID, BUT THE REVOLUTION WILL PREVAIL. AND NORTH AND SOUTH KOREA WILL UNITE UNDER OR CURRENT LEADER KIM JUNG-UN. CHILDREN PRACTICE THEIR INSTRUMENTS AFTER SCHOOL. FAMILIES SWIM AS THEY DO EVERY SUNDAY. IT IS ALMOST AS IF NO ONE IS THREATENING A NUCLEAR WAR HERE. AND YET ON THE PARADE GROUND, THAT IS EXACTLY WHAT ONE OF KIM JUNG-UN’S TOP ADVISORS PREDICTS, ALMOST POETICALLY.>>THE SOUND OF A HYDROGEN BOMB EXPLODING. MADE BY THE STRONGEST NUCLEAR POWER IN THE EAST. THE ONE WITH ALL THE MISSILES ON DISPLAY. INCLUDING NEW ONES FOR SUBMARINES, BIG ONES THAT COULD BE INTERCONTINENTAL, BALLISTIC MISSILES TO STRIKE THE U.S. AS THREATENED. TENS OF THOUSANDS OF FOLLOWERS PAY EMOTIONAL TRIBUTE TO THE LEADER. OUR DEAR LEADER PROVIDES FOR US, SAID THIS WOMAN. WE BELIEVE HIM WHEN HE SAYS WE NEED TO BUILD STRONG WEAPONS TO BE THE ENVY OF THE WORLD. WHY IS KIM JUNG-UN SO DETERMINED TO HAVE NUCLEAR WEAPONS? NUCLEAR CAPABILITY IS EVEN WRITTEN INTO THE NORTH KOREAN CONSTITUTION. WELL, MANY NORTH KOREANS WILL TELL YOU, THEY HAVE SEEN WHAT HAPPENS TO COUNTRIES THAT DON’T HAVE NUCLEAR WEAPONS OR WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION. LIBYA, AFGHANISTAN, IRAQ, IN EACH OF THE CASES, THE AMERICANS INVADED AND THEN CHANGED THE REGIME. THIS COUNTRY DOESN’T WANT TO SEE THAT HAPPEN HERE. EVEN AT A FLOWER SHOW, NO ARRANGEMENT IS COMPLETE WITHOUT THE MODEL MISSILE. WHICH HAS ALMOST BECOME THE NATIONAL SYMBOL. IT IS WORKING, SAID THIS MAN. MY DAUGHTER, SHE LIVES IN PEACE. THE AMERICANS ARE IN RETREAT. NORTH KOREA FEELS LIKE IT IS STEAMING AHEAD. ASK ABOUT CONCESSIONS OR NEGOTIATIONS… THEY ACTUALLY LAUGH. THEIR FAITH IS IN THEIR LEADERS, AND THEIR WEAPONS, THEY SAY. SASA PETRICIC, CBC NEWS, PYONGYANG.>>Wendy: OVERDOSE FATALITIES RISE AGAIN IN B.C. COMING UP, HOW PORTUGAL CUT ITS DEATH TOLL.>>Interview: THEY SENT A STRONG MESSAGE TO EVERYBODY THAT THIS IS FIRST AND FOREMOST A HEALTH AND SOCIAL ISSUE.>>Wendy: WE KNOW YOU WHERE THEY SPENT MONEY AND HOW IT PAID OFF.>>>WE TALK TO CAPTURED ISIS FIGHTERS. A LOT OF THEM TELL THE SAME STORY. (SIRENS) >>Wendy: THERE IS A GRIM NEW TALLY FROM B.C.’S LOSING BATTLE AGAINST DRUGS. IN MARCH, 120 PEOPLE DIED FROM AN OVERDOSE. THAT IS UP FROM THE PREVIOUS MONTH AND WAY UP FROM MARCH OF LAST YEAR. SOME TIME AGO, PORTUGAL FACED A SIMILAR CRISIS. IT GAMBLED ON A RADICAL SOLUTION. TONIGHT, JUDGE THE RESULTS FOR YOURSELF. HERE IS CHRIS BROWN WITH PORTUGAL’S FIX. [♪♪♪]>>Reporter: IN LISBON, FROM A PORTUGAL’S MOST DAMAGED DEPENDENT PEOPLE, TRYING TO PUT THEIR LIVES BACK TOGETHER.>>EASY!>>Reporter: ONE STEP AT A TIME. THIS IS A PHYSIOTHERAPY CLASS FOR HEROIN AND COCAINE USERS. THEY RELEARN BASIC SKILLS LIKE SKIPPING. PART OF THEIR REHABILITATION.>>Reporter: AND STATISTICALLY, THERE IS A FAR GREATER CHANCE THEY WILL RECOVER HERE THAN ALMOST ANY OTHER PLACE IN THE WORLD. THAT’S BECAUSE IN PORTUGAL, DRUG ADDICTION RARELY KILLS ANYONE.>>THEY ARE WOUNDED.>>Reporter: SHE OVERSEES PROGRAM AT THE REHAB CLINIC. THE PROGRAMS THAT HELP PEOPLE REDISCOVER JOY IN SMALL THINGS AND LEARN TO LOVE THEIR BODIES AGAIN.>>Interview: WE DO DEAL WITH THEM IN A NEW WAY. WE BUILD NEW RELATIONSHIPS WITH THEM. AND THAT IS VERY IMPORTANT.>>Reporter: IN ALL OF PORTUGAL, FEWER THAN 30 PEOPLE A YEAR NOW DIE FROM DRUG OVERDOSES. (SIRENS) >>Reporter: IN BRITISH COLUMBIA, ALONE, HUNDREDS DIE EVERY YEAR. THE PROVINCE STRUGGLED FOR DECADES TO SAVE LIVES. AFTER FENTANYL TURNED UP, THERE WERE MORE THAN 900 DEATHS. CREATING A PUBLIC HEALTH EMERGENCY, AND A NEW URGENCY FOR SOLUTIONS. ARGUABLY, NO PLACE IN THE WORLD HAS HAD AS MUCH SUCCESS DEALING WITH ADDICTIONS AND OVERDOSES AS PORTUGAL. ITS SYSTEM EMPHASIZES HARM REDUCTION AND REHABILITATION. AT THE CENTER IS THE IDEA THAT DRUG USE IS A HEALTH PROBLEM. NOT A CRIME. ALL DRUGS HERE, FROM MARIJUANA TO HEROIN HAVE BEEN DECRIMINALIZED. DRUG TRAFFICKERS ARE STILL HUNTED DOWN AND PROSECUTED. BUT IF YOU ARE CAUGHT USING, YOU WILL NOT BE SENT TO JAIL OR GET A CRIMINAL RECORD OR EVEN END UP IN THE JUSTICE SYSTEM. INSTEAD, YOU MIGHT HAVE TO APPEAR BEFORE THIS MAN.>>HE HEADS UP THE DISUATION COMMISSION. THERE ARE NO SUIT OR TIES, GAVELS OR GOWNS. A SOCIOLOGIST IN A SWEATER. HE IS NOT A JUDGE.>>Interview: I AM NOT THINKING HOW MANY FINES I WILL APPLY OR HOW MANY PEOPLE I WILL THREATEN TO MAKE THEM STOP USING ILLICIT SUBSTANCES. IT IS EASY TO FOCUS ON THE HEALTH ISSUES AND WHAT ELSE WE CAN PROVIDE PEOPLE IN TERMS OF THOSE ISSUES.>>Reporter: THE COMMISSION IS A FORM OF STATE MANDATED EARLY INTERVENTION. ON OUR VISIT, CAPEZ HAD A MEETING WITH A MAN NAMED BRUNO WHO WAS CAUGHT WITH HASHISH. THE PUNISHMENT FOR HIM WAS SIMPLY A WARNING. ALONG WITH AN OFFER OF INFORMATION ABOUT TREATMENT PROGRAMS. HE ESTIMATES 1 IN 10 PEOPLE WHO APPEAR HERE HAVE A SERIOUS DRUG PROBLEM. FOR THEM, THIS VISIT CAN BE THE FIRST STEP IN GETTING TREATMENT.>>Interview: I THINK WHAT WE FOUND OUT IN PORTUGAL AFTER 15 YEARS IS THAT USING ANY SORT OF THREAT DOES NOT WORK. IF YOU INCREASE THE PENALTIES FOR DRUG USERS, THE USER DECREASES? IT DOESN’T.>>Reporter: THE PORTUGUESE LEARNED THAT LESSON IN LATE 1990s WITH ENFORCEMENT. THE COUNTRY OF 10 MILLION PEOPLE HAD UP TO 100,000 ADDICTS. AN ASTOUNDING 1% OF THE POPULATION THAT WAS HOOKED ON HARD DRUGS.>>Interview: AROUND 400 OVERDOSE DEATHS EVERY YEAR.>>Reporter: DESPERATE FOR CHANGE, THE GOVERNMENT TURNED TO ADDICTIONS TREATMENT SPECIALIST DR. GOLAL.>>Interview: YOU COULD SEE A HUGE DEVASTATION IN PEOPLE. YOU COULD SEE PEOPLE WALKING DOWN LIKE ZOMBIES.>>Reporter: THE REVOLUTIONARY RECOMMENDATION WAS TO REMOVE CRIMINAL PENALTIES FOR USING DRUGS. PORTUGAL DOES NOT SANCTION THE SALE OF DRUGS. THAT IS ILLEGAL. BUT USERS ARE NOT TREATED AS CRIMINALS.>>Interview: IT IS VERY IMPORTANT BECAUSE IT INTRODUCED… WE ARE DEALING WITH A DISEASE LIKE OTHERS. THE SAME DIGNITY.>>Reporter: WITHIN A DECADE, THE NUMBER OF ADDICTS IN PORTUGAL WAS CUT IN HALF. 90% OF PUBLIC MONEY SPENT FIGHTING DRUGS NOW GOES TOWARD TREATMENT AND PREVENTION. JUST 10% IS SPENT ON POLICING. IN CANADA, THE MOST RECENT STUDIES SHOW THE REVERSE. SPENDING CLOSE TO 70% ON ENFORCEMENT.>>Interview: THOSE ARE LIKE TO ME THE ABSOLUTE NO BRAINERS.>>Reporter: DON MacPHERSON OF THE SIMON UNIVERSITY CANADIAN DRUG COALITION IS THE BEST KNOWN HARM REDUCTION ADVOCATES AND IS BACK FROM HIS OWN SURVEY OF HOW PORTUGAL PRACTICES TREATMENT.>>Interview: THE PROFOUND THING ABOUT, YOU KNOW, THE DECRIMINALIZATION TEAM IS THAT THEY SEND A STRONG MESSAGE TO EVERYBODY. THE PUBLIC, IT IS POLITICALLY SUPPORTED THAT THIS IS FIRST AND FOREMOST A HEALTH AND SOCIAL ISSUE. SO IT CHANGES THE WAY POLICE DEAL WITH THE SITUATION. THEY GO AFTER TRAFFICKERS. THEY DIDN’T LEGALIZE TRAFFICKING. SO THAT WOULD HELP IN CANADA.>>Reporter: IN VANCOUVER, LETHAL DRUGS LIKE FENTANYL AND THE 100 TIMES MORE POWERFUL CARFENTANIL HAS CONTAMINATED THE SUPPLY OF HEROIN, SENDING THE DEATH TOLL SOARING. PORTUGAL HAS BEEN SPARED THAT. SHOULD THOSE DRUGS TURN UP, THE OUTREACH AND HARM REDUCTION ALREADY HAPPENING SHOULD PUT THE PORTUGUESE IN A BETTER POSITION TO COPE. THE CORNERSTONE OF PORTUGAL’S TREATMENT AND REHAB MODEL IS NOW OUTREACH AND ENGAGEMENT.>>WE DISTRIBUTE TO PEOPLE THAT USED TO SMOKE.>>Reporter: WE CONNECTED WITH A TEAM AS THEY MADE THEIR DAILY ROADS IN A DERELICT FORMER INDUSTRIAL AREA IN EAST LISBON.>>Reporter: THEY ARE PSYCHOLOGY GRADUATES. THEIR JOB IS TO FIND HOMELESS DRUG ADDICTS. THEY GIVE THEM CLEAN SUPPLIES WHEN THEY INJECT THEY DO NOT GET SICK. THEY COME TO THE SAME NEIGHBOURHOODS EVERY DAY. THEY MEET THE SAME PEOPLE. THEY KNOW THEIR STORIES. AND THEY PROVIDE A VERY HUMAN CONNECTION TO THE HEALTH CARE SYSTEM. WE MET PEDRO.>>Interview: I USE A LONGER NEEDLE. I SHOOT ON MY LEG.>>Reporter: WHEN WE TOLD HIM WE WERE FROM VANCOUVER, THAT RANG A BELL.>>Interview: CANADA. I SAW A DOCUMENTARY. I KNOW THERE IS A LOT OF DRUGS IN THIS AREA OF THE CITY.>>Reporter: HE SAID HE IS AWARE OF HOW MANY CANADIANS ARE DYING FROM DRUG OVERDOSES. AND HE SAID HE APPRECIATES THE PEOPLE IN LISBON WHO ARE TRYING TO KEEP HIM ALIVE.>>Interview: THEIR JOB, IT IS VERY IMPORTANT. THEY ARE VERY BRAVE. THEY COME HERE TO HELP PEOPLE. PICK UP THE NEEDLES. WITH NO SECURITY. THEY COME ALONE. THEY ARE VERY BRAVE. IT IS REALLY IMPORTANT.>>Reporter: IN CANADA, HARM REDUCTION POLICIES FROM SAFE INJECTION SITES TO THE VANCOUVER CLINIC THAT DISPENSES HEROIN, IS UNDER LEGAL UNCERTAINTY. THE RESULT IS A PATCHWORK WHERE VANCOUVER HAS MANY OUTREACH PROGRAMS, OTHER CANADIAN TOWNS AND CITIES HAVE VERY LITTLE. IN PORTUGAL, HELP FOR DRUG ADDICTION IS AS INTRINSIC TO UNIVERSAL HEALTH CARE AS HOSPITAL BEDS. SO IS TREATMENT. THIS IS A MOBILE METHADONE VAN. ONE OF SEVERAL IN LISBON. BRINGING TREATMENT WHERE HEROIN ADDICTS LIVE AND WORK.>>Interview: I AM 50 YEARS OLD. I AM VERY HAPPY WITH THIS PROGRAM BECAUSE IT CHANGED MY LIFE.>>Reporter: THIS WOMAN SHOWED UP WHILE WE WERE THERE.>>Interview: TODAY, I CLEANED. I WORK CLEANING. SOMETIMES I AM — SOMETIMES I GO THERE. IT IS EASY TO GET THE METHADONE.>>Reporter: METHADONE IS A COMMONLY PRESCRIBED SUBSTITUTE FOR HEROIN. IT EASES WITHDRAWAL SYMPTOMS WITHOUT CAUSING THE HIGH.>>I FEEL OKAY. I FEEL OKAY. I LIVE MY LIFE NORMALLY. I CLEAN MY HOUSE. I TAKE CARE OF MY GRANDCHILDREN. I WORK. I AM OKAY. I DON’T NEED TO GO TO BUY THE DRUGS ANYMORE.>>Reporter: METHADONE TREATMENT IS PRACTICED WIDELY, INCLUDING IN CANADA. WHAT IS STRIKING IS THAT THE EFFORTS THAT PORTUGUESE SYSTEM PUTS INTO GETTING IT TO PEOPLE AND TAKING THE STIGMA OUT OF USING IT. DESPITE THE SUCCESS STORIES, THOUGH, IT IS ALSO EVIDENT THAT PORTUGAL SYSTEM IS BEING STRAINED. FOR EXAMPLE, THERE ARE FEWER SPACES FOR RECOVERING ADDICTS IN THIS ARTS THERAPY PROGRAM. EUROPE’S FINANCIAL CRISIS TOOK A HEAVY TOLL HERE. PEOPLE LOST JOBS. ALCOHOLISM AND ADDICTIONS INCREASED. AND FUNDING FOR PROGRAMS WAS CUT. HERE AT THE CLINIC, THE STAFF OF 165 WAS REDUCED TO 63. THE GOVERNMENT HERE USED TO SPEND GENEROUSLY, HELPING ADDICTS MAKE THE FINAL TRADITION FROM REHAB TO JOBS AND SUPPORTING THEMSELVES. MUCH OF THE MONEY WAS CUT. THIS FLOWER GREENHOUSE, ABOUT AN HOUR OUTSIDE LISBON, RECEIVED GRANTS TO EMPLOY RECOVERING ADDICTS. HE IS ONE OF FIVE WORKERS HERE. BUT THERE USED TO BE 13. HE SAID THE PROGRAM PROVIDES VALUABLE WORK EXPERIENCE AND REFERENCES.>>WE ARE STILL SUFFERING FROM THE CUTS.>>Reporter: THE MANAGER FEARS PORTUGAL’S SUCCESS STORY COULD BE AT RISK.>>>>Interview: WE KNOW THAT THE PEOPLE ARE NOT ENOUGH. IF YOU DO NOT PROVIDE THE JOB OPPORTUNITY, HOUSING POSSIBILITIES, THE MOTIVATION THAT COMES AFTER THE TREATMENT BECAUSE OF NOT HAVING THE SECURITY FACILITIES AND ENVIRONMENT, MIGHT LEAD THEM AGAIN TO START USING.>>Reporter: THE DOCTOR LAMENTS THAT THE DRUG SYSTEM HE REPRESENTED CREATE IS UNDER SUCH STRAIN. NONETHELESS, HE SAID IT DOES PROVE THAT TREATING DRUG USE LIKE A HEALTH PROBLEM IS THE ONLY WAY FORWARD. THERE IS STILL A LOT OF DRUG USE IN PORTUGAL. NOT AS MUCH MISERY AND NOT THE DEATHS. INSTEAD, THERE IS NOW UNDERSTANDING THAT PROGRESSIVE PUBLIC POLICY CAN TURN AROUND A DISASTER. CHRIS BROWN, CBC NEWS, IN LISBON.>>Wendy: UP NEXT, WE SHOW YOU THE INTERROGATION OF CAPTURED ISIS FIGHTERS. WE ASKED TWO OF THEM WHY THEY EVER JOINED.>>>TIME TO LOOK AT THE BUSINESS NUMBERS. THE TSX DROPPED 69 POINTS. THE DOLLAR FELL MORE THAN HALF OF A CENT. IN NEW YORK, THE DOW LOST 118 POINTS. THE PRICE OF OIL CLOSED DOWN $2 A BARREL. ♪ [CBC News Network theme] ..but for another
category of goods that has transformed
our world. The gadgets, or the tools,
of the electronic media. Here are some
film projectors. The movies. I wonder what it
really means though, to be able to
flick a switch… [turns dial;
projector begins to whirr] ..and to bring in any part
of the world. To see the most personal
relationships of mankind acted out
before us. It’s so easy,
isn’t it. [turns off projector] A handy,
instantaneous gadget. The tape recorder. Small, portable, can go
and has gone everywhere. ♪ [up beat] India, just
a button’s push away. Space means nothing. [turns off machine] With a record collection,
neither space nor time matter. We can,
all of us, share in everything from
anywhere and anytime. Well back to box day
with the flick of a wrist. Fabian, Frankie Avalon,
the voice of FDR. Petruska,
the music of Arabia, the sound of a sports car
race in Florida. Even the most puritan among us,
engages now each and every day in an absolute Roman
carnival of the senses. There are news sights,
new sounds, new fabrics,
new textures. We’re all
dedicated libertines. And radio. While we’ve heard the sound of
symphonies, of riots, and of battles, and all without leaving
the living room. And now radio goes with
us to beach parties. ♪ ♪ Or to
the baseball game. And each of us with our own
private slice of the modern age. We’re never out
of touch. [turns off radio] And television. Well I wonder who
really knows what it means. To have pouring into
our homes, day after day, the cowboys,
the rock and roll singers, the statesmen,
the philosophers, the whole debate
of our modern world. Well surely our
sense of space, of time, of cause and effect,
must be changing. And our attitudes to life and
love, to religion, politics and leisure,
what of them? Oh, I almost forgot. The telephone. We can afford to take it for
granted because it has been around
so long. [drops coin into phone] [phone rings] Surely though, our sense of
space, of distance, the relationship of person
from person no longer means what
it did. And you’ll notice that
the image of the telephone goes with
the teenager, because he’s the only one
completely at home using it. And he uses it
all the time. [phone buzzes] That’s annoying,
isn’t it? To be held up
even five minutes. Must be teenager on
the other end. Well,
there they are. Our new electronic media
or our new gadgets. You push a button
and the world is yours. You know how they talk about
the world getting smaller? Well it’s thanks to these
that it is. Everywhere is now our
own neighbourhood. We know what it’s like
to go on safari in Kenya, or to have an audience
with the Pope, to order and cognac
in Paris cafe. ♪ ♪ But not only is the world
getting smaller, it’s becoming more available
and more familiar to our minds
and to our emotions. The world is now
a global village. ♪ ♪ [♪♪♪]>>THE IRAQI PRIME MINISTER ARRIVED TODAY IN MOSUL, WHERE TROOPS CONTINUE TO FORCE OUT ISIS FIGHTERS. THESE SANITIZED IMAGES ARE A FAR CRY FROM WHAT WE ARE ABOUT TO SHOW. A RARE LOOK AT CAPTURED ISIS MEMBERS, HOW THEY ARE INTERROGATED, AND WHAT THEY HAVE TO SAY FOR THEMSELVES. DEREK STOFFEL HAS OUR STORY.>>Reporter: AS THE BATTLE FOR MOSUL RAGES ON, IRAQI SECURITY FORCES ARE ROUNDING UP MORE MEN WHO THEY SAY ARE MEMBERS OF ISIS. INCLUDING THIS DETAINEE. ARE YOU A MEMBER OF ISIS? ARE YOU A MEMBER OF DASH? THE POLICE GAVE CBC NEWS RARE ACCESS TO PRISONERS WHO ACCORDING TO THE OFFICERS PROCLAIMED THEIR ALLEGIANCE TO THE CALIFATE OF THE ISLAMIC STATE. THEY WERE CAPTURED IN THE EASTERN SIDE OF MOSUL WHERE ISIS HAS BEEN DEFEATED. BUT ISLAMIC STATE FIGHTERS ARE MAKING THEIR LAST STAND JUST ACROSS THE TIGRIS RIVER IN WESTERN MOSUL. THERE ARE NO POLICE STATIONS LEFT IN MOSUL BECAUSE ISIS SIMPLY BLEW THEM ALL UP. THE SECURITY FORCES ARE USING HOUSES. THIS ONE BEHIND ME IS A JAIL. INSIDE, WE FOUND 8 MEN. ALL ACCUSED OF SUPPORTING ISIS.>>ARE THEY STAYING HERE ON AVERAGE HOW LONG? THIS MAN IS 23. HE IS BLINDFOLDED SO HE CANNOT IDENTIFY THE POLICE OFFICERS GUARDING HIM. IBRAHIM SAID BEFORE ISIS STORMED IN YEARS AGO, HE WORKED IN CONSTRUCTION. HE JOIN THE MILITANTS, HE SAID, TO MAKE MONEY TO PAY FOR HIS SISTER’S CANCER TREATMENT. SOON IBRAHIM FOUND HIMSELF IN TRAINING, IN EXERCISES SIMILAR TO THESE IN THIS ISIS PROPAGANDA VIDEO. THEY GAVE HIM A GUN AND AK-47 ASSAULT RIFLE. HE BECAME A POLICE OFFICER AT A HOSPITAL SOUTH OF MOSUL. IBRAHIM MAINTAINED THAT HE NEVER ONCE HARMED ANYONE. BUT RECALLED ONE DAY WHEN THE ISIS MEN SENIOR TO HIM SAW FOUR PEOPLE TRYING TO ESCAPE MOSUL. IBRAHIM SAID HE NOW KNOWS WHAT SUPPORTING ISIS WAS WRONG. HE SAID HE SHOULD BE PUNISHED. WE ALSO MET WITH QUTAIBA SALEM. HE WAS AN ELECTRICIAN BEFORE JOINING ISIS. HIS REASON, TO MAKE MONEY TO HELP A SICK RELATIVE. ARE YOU A MEMBER OF ISIS? SALEM SAID HE WORKED AS A COOK IN A HOUSE WHERE FIVE ISIS FIGHTERS LIVED. BUT HE’S MUCH MORE UNCOOPERATIVE. SAYING HE DID NOT SEE ANYTHING, DO ANYTHING THAT HARMED ANYONE, IN THE TWO YEARS HE WAS WITH ISIS. SO THE POLICE BOSS STEPS IN. THE MAJOR ACCUSES SALEM OF LYING AND SEARCHES FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT HIS ARREST. THEN IT GETS TENSE. THE MAJOR ASKS US TO STOP RECORDING.>>TURN IT OFF, YEAH, OKAY. WITH THE CAMERA OFF, THE OFFICER KICKS SALEM IN THE HEAD. AND SLAPS HIM. WHEN WE START FILMING AGAIN… THE MAJOR INSULTS THE PRISONER, CALLING HIM A SON OF A DOG. TELL THE TRUTH, HE SHOUTS. EVEN IF THEY FIRE ME, I WILL KILL YOU IF YOU DON’T TELL THE TRUTH. THE POLICE ARE ACCUSING YOU OF LYING. THEY OBVIOUSLY THINK YOU HAVE DONE SOMETHING. WILL YOU TELL US WHAT YOU DID DURING YOUR TWO AND A HALF YEARS WITH ISIS? SALEM STICKS TO HIS STORY. THE MAJOR SAID HE SPENT TWO DECADES FIGHTING MILITANTS IN MOSUL. HE WAS SHOT IN THE FACE BY A SUSPECTED AL-QAEDA OPERATIVE A DECADE AGO. SADUN SAID IN HIS EXPERIENCE, A LOT OF DETAINEES LIE TO TRY TO PROTECT THEMSELVES. THE POLICE WILL INTERVIEW THE SUSPECTS, FRIENDS AND FAMILY AND TRY TO FIND EVIDENCE THAT THEY SUPPORTED ISIS. BEFORE SENDING THE CASES TO COURT. THE ADVOCACY GROUP HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH SAID 1200 IRAQIS HAVE BEEN ARRESTED. ACCUSED OF HAVING TIES TO THE ISLAMIC STATE. IT SAYS MANY OF THE DETAINEES ARE HELD IN DEPLORABLE CONDITIONS, LIKE WHAT WE SAW INSIDE THIS MAKESHIFT JAIL THAT REEKED OF FECES AND URINE. IT IS WHERE IBRAHIM HAD BEEN HELD FOR A FEW WEEKS WHEN WE MET HIM. BEFORE THE INTERVIEW ENDED, HE WANTED TO SEND A MESSAGE TO CANADA. MOSUL IS WHERE ISIS FOUND MUCH SUPPORT FROM LOCALS WHEN THE MILITANTS FIRST ARRIVED. BUT NOW AFTER NEARLY THREE YEARS OF LIVING UNDER THE DEBRIT AT THAT TIME OF THE JIHADISTS, DISMAYED RESIDENTS AWAIT THEIR LIBERATION. AND THOSE WHO JOINED WITH THE MILITANTS AWAIT THEIR FATE. DEREK STOFFEL, CBC NEWS, MOSUL.>>Wendy: STRAIGHT AHEAD, THE CANADIAN SPORTS HALL OF FAME GETS A BIT MORE CROWDED.>>TOMORROW ON THE CURRENT, A MISDIAGNOSIS IN A HOSPITAL ER CAN LEAD TO TRAGEDY. SO DALHOUSIE RESEARCHERS ARE ANALYZING ERRORS DOCTORS MAKE TO TEACH THEM HOW TO CATCH THEIR MISTAKES. ON THE CURRENT, ♪ [“The National” theme] ♪ how many roads
must a man walk down ♪ Reporter: The military here
say they have never seen anything like it around
the Lincoln Memorial, or for that matter,
anywhere else here in the capital
of the United States. Lift our nation from the
quicksands of racial injustice to the solid rock of
brotherhood, Now is the time. [cheering] Reporter: This park area
on the Washington Mall right underneath
the Capitol dome, has been the gathering place
for many demonstrations, but none quite so strange
as this collection of uniformed veterans
complete with medals and toy machine guns. The anti-war movement
in this country is an ever-changing
phenomenon– you never know quite
what to expect next. William H Gerald
from Atlanta, Georgia. 26 air medals and all the other
stuff that goes with it. [cheering] Reporter: Washington
was the scene today of the largest
anti-nuclear demonstration ever held in the US. [chants] four-six-eight!
We don’t want to radiate! two-four-six-eight!
We don’t want to radiate! If you’re not building
for the future, you’re stealing from it! Reporter: They call
the supreme court decision a tragic mistake, and on this,
the 10th anniversary of legalized abortions,
26,000 marchers vowed to begin a second
decade of protest. Organizers are calling it the biggest pro-choice
rally in history. ♪ we will never give up ♪ ♪ we will never give up ♪ ♪ we will never give in
we will never give in ♪ Reporter: From Capitol Hill
to the Washington Monument, they formed an awesome
mass of people– not the million and a half
the organizers claimed, but the largest ever gathering
of black Americans. We are not here
to tear down America, America is tearing
itself down. We are here to rebuild the wasted cities. Reporter: This was exactly
the image organizers wanted– a pageant of Americans
before a national icon. Announcer: Glenn Beck! Reporter: Summoned by
a political commentator and a champion
of Conservatives. This day is a day that we can start
the heart of America again. Look around you,
you’re not alone! You are Americans! [cheering] ♪ ♪ ♪ [news theme] The National. ♪ ♪ Peter Mansbridge:
Tonight. ♪ ♪>>Wendy: THE NEW INDUCTEES TO CANADA’S SPORTS HALL OF FAME WERE ANNOUNCED TODAY. THE 2017 CLASS INCLUDES THREE OLYMPIC GOLD MEDALLISTS. TRIATHLETE SIMON WHITFIELD, WRESTLER CAROL WYNNE, AND SPEED SKATER CINDY KLASSEN. STANLEY CUP WINNER LANNY McDONALD AND THE FIRST CANADIAN MAN TO WIN A MAJOR TOURNAMENT ON THE PGA TOUR, MIKE WEIR. INDIGENOUS LACROSSE PLAYER GAYLORD PALACE WILL BE ININDUCTED POSTHUMOUSLY. TWO DOCTORS ARE ADDED TO THE HALL OF FAME. ROBERT JACKSON, WHO WAS THE FOUNDING MEMBER OF CANADA’S PARALYMPIC MOVEMENT. AND CHARLES TATOR, AN EXPERT IN SPORTS CONCUSSION AND SPINAL CORD INJURIES.>>>AND THAT’S “THE NATIONAL” FOR THIS WEDNESDAY NIGHT. FOR NEWS AT ANY HOUR, YOU CAN ALWAYS GO TO OUR WEBSITE, CBCNEWS.CA.>>>I’M WENDY MESLEY. THANK YOU FOR WATCHING. [♪♪♪]

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