The National for Thursday, August 22 — CRA Scam, Scheer Speech, Pompeo Visit


>>Ian: TONIGHT, CRACKING DOWN ON THAT INFURIATING SCAM.>>THE CANADA REVENUE AGENCY FILED A LAWSUIT AGAINST YOUR NAME.>>Ian: THE INVESTIGATION MOVES FROM INDIA TO RIGHT HERE IN CANADA. A CBC NEWS INVESTIGATION. (*)>>I THOUGHT THEY COULD SAVE HIM.>>Ian: A B.C. TEEN LIED DYING OF A SUSPECTED OVERDOSE WHILE THE WITNESSES SHOT VIDEO. NOW THE TWO WITNESSES WHO WERE DISPATCHED TO HELP HIM ARE UNDER INVESTIGATION.>>>IS AWE SYSTEM BEING OVERDIAGNOSED?>>THESE SENTENCES AND STATEMENTS SCARE ME.>>Ian: THE CANADIAN-LED STUDY SPARKING DEBATE.>>>THIS IS “THE NATIONAL.” (*) (*)>>>WE BEGIN WITH NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN THE INVESTIGATION OF A SCAM THAT HAS CHEATED CANADIANS OUT OF MILLIONS OF DOLLARS. IT INVOLVES HARASSING PHONE CALLS THAT THREATEN ARREST IF YOU DON’T PAY A TAX BILL. LAST YEAR OUR COLLEAGUES AT “MARKETPLACE” LOCATED A CALL CENTRE BEHIND THE FRAUD AND THAT SEEMED TO SPUR ON THE RCMP. WELL, TONIGHT IN OUR EXCLUSIVE REPORT, THEY TELL DAVID COMMON HOW THEIR NET HAS TIGHTENED, NOT JUST IN INDIA, BUT ALSO HERE IN CANADA.>>Reporter: THEY’RE NERVOUS, BUT THEY’RE GOING IN. WHEN WE SHOWED YOU THIS COMPLEX IN INDIA’S LARGEST CITY AS THE FOCAL POINT FOR MANY OF THE SCAM CALLS, THE RCMP WERE WATCHING TOO. WITHIN MONTHS RAIDS BEGAN ACROSS INDIA, TARGETING MULTIPLE CENTRES. BEHIND THOSE CALLS SO MANY CANADIANS HAVE RECEIVED.>>THE CANADA REVENUE AGENCY FILED A LAWSUIT AGAINST YOUR NAME. THERE WILL BE LEGAL CONSEQUENCES AND YOU WILL BE ARRESTED TO DEFRAUD THE GOVERNMENT.>>Reporter: THE RCMP ACKNOWLEDGES THE INVESTIGATION INTO THIS SCAM SAT ON THE BACK BURNER FOR YEARS WITH TENS OF THOUSANDS OF CANADIAN VICTIMS. THAT IS NOW CHANGING.>>IT’S ESSENTIALLY A NATIONAL PRIORITY INVESTIGATION.>>Reporter: INSPECTOR JIM OGDON RUNS “PROJECT OCTAVIA.” WHAT IS HAPPENING, HAVE YOU HIT PEOPLE?>>YES, SINCE SEPTEMBER OF LAST YEAR THERE’S BEEN 39 CALL CENTRES TAKEN DOWN, 45 PEOPLE ARRESTED.>>Reporter: THAT EFFORT BEGINS HERE, AN RCMP DETACHMENT OUTSIDE TORONTO WHERE 12 INVESTIGATORS SIFT THROUGH LEADS, ANALYSING PHONE NUMBERS, MAKING THE CALLS, AND COORDINATING WITH POLICE IN INDIA. BUT OFFICERS ARE ALSO CLOSING IN ON ACCOMPLICES HERE IN CANADA. POLICE KNOW WHO THEY ARE, WHAT THEY’RE DOING, MOVING THE MONEY FROM VICTIMS HERE BACK TO INDIA.>>CERTAINLY, WHAT I KNOW AND WHAT I CAN SHARE IS THAT THERE ARE KNOWN TARGETS, LEADS, THAT WE’RE FOLLOWING UP ON. AND THAT ONE — WHEN WE GET ENOUGH EVIDENCE THAT WE WILL CHARGE AND PROSECUTE THESE INDIVIDUALS.>>Reporter: JUST SO I’M CLEAR, ARE WE TALKING ABOUT PEOPLE WHO ARE IN THIS COUNTRY, IN CANADA?>>THAT’S CORRECT.>>Reporter: WHO ARE HELPING TO CARRY OUT THIS SCAM?>>THAT’S CORRECT. THEY’RE DEFRAUDING THE CANADIAN PUBLIC AND SENDING IT AWAY, THEY’RE MONEY LAUNDERING.>>Reporter: THERE ARE SO MANY CALL CENTRES THOUGH, IT’S UNLIKELY THAT ANY PROSECUTION WILL END ALL OF THE SCAMS. BUT THE RCMP SAY THEY’RE ALREADY NOTICING FEWER REPORTED VICTIMS. AND LESS MONEY BEING STOLEN. DAVID COMMON, CBC NEWS, TORONTO.>>Ian: TWO WEEKS AFTER A B.C. TEENAGER WAS FOUND DEAD OF AN APPARENT DRUG OVERDOSE, THE PROVINCE’S POLICE WATCHDOG IS LAUNCHING AN INVESTIGATION INTO TWO OFFICERS WHO FAILED TO FIND HIM. SOMEONE CALLED 911 AFTER SEEING A VIDEO OF THE BOY ONLINE. THE OFFICERS WERE SENT TO INVESTIGATE BUT THEY DIDN’T SEE HIM. AS TANYA FLETCHER EXPLAINS, CRIMENI WAS FOUND A FEW HOURS LATER, ALONE AND IN DISTRESS.>>HE WAS LYING ON HIS BACK UP AGAINST THE FENCE. HAD NO SHOES, HE HAD NO SOCKS. HE WAS STRUGGLING.>>Reporter: DARREL CRIMENI HAS BEEN PLACING FLOWERS AT THE SPOT WHERE HE WATCHED HIS GRANDSON TAKE HIS FINAL BREATHS. IT WAS AFTER DARK AROUND 10:00 p.m. AND HE FOUND THE TEEN LYING HERE JUST MOMENTS AFTER FIRST RESPONDERS ARRIVED.>>I THOUGHT THEY COULD SAVE HIM. YOU KNOW, I MEAN, THE POLICE WERE TRYING TO SAVE HIS LIFE AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE WHEN I WAS HERE. IF THEY HAD GOT HERE AT 8:00, PERHAPS HE COULD HAVE BEEN SAVED. BUT IT WASN’T THE POLICE WHO KILLED CARSON. IT WASN’T.>>Reporter: 14-YEAR-OLD CARSON CRIMENI DIED OF AN APPARENT OVERDOSE. HIS FAMILY BELIEVE THAT SOME OLDER KIDS GAVE HIM DRUGS. THEY SAY THAT WITNESSES WATCHED AND FILMED AND THEN POSTED IT TO SOCIAL MEDIA. WE NOW KNOW THAT THE FIRST CALL CAME FROM SOMEONE WHO HAD SEEN ONE OF THE SNAPCHAT VIDEOS AND CALLED 911. IT WAS AROUND 8:00 WHEN THE OFFICERS FIRST RESPONDED HERE TO THE SKATE PARK. THEY FOUND NOTHING, SO THEY LEFT. IT WAS NEARLY TWO HOURS LATER THAT CARSON WAS DISCOVERED ABOUT HALF A KILOMETRE FROM HERE. IT’S THOSE CRITICAL MOMENTS THAT B.C.’S POLICE WATCHDOG IS NOW INVESTIGATING.>>WHERE THE POLICE WERE CALLED TO, WHAT THEY DID WHEN THEY GOT THERE, HOW LONG THEY WERE THERE, WHAT ENQUIRIES THEY MADE, POLICE RADIO CALLS, 911 CALLS. WE’LL PUT ALL OF THAT TOGETHER TO DETERMINE WHETHER OR NOT THE ACTIONS OF POLICE WERE REASONABLE IN THESE CIRCUMSTANCES.>>THIS IS BULLYING THAT LED TO MURDER.>>Reporter: CARSON’S FATHER DOESN’T BLAME POLICE FOR HIS SON’S DEATH. INSTEAD, HE WANTS THE TEENS WHO ALLEGED HE GAVE CARSON THE DRUGS HELD RESPONSIBLE. CHARGES HAVE NOT BEEN RULED OUT.>>HE WAS POISONED AND FILMED WHILE HE DIED. AND I BLAME THOSE BOYS.>>Reporter: MEANWHILE HE SAYS THAT THIS GROWING MEMORIAL GIVES HIM SOME COMFORT.>>EVERY TIME I COME THERE’S MORE AND MORE FLOWERS…>>Reporter: MOST OF ALL HE’S HOPEFUL THAT MESSAGES LIKE THIS ONE, “SEE SOMETHING, SAY SOMETHING” WILL PREVENT ANYONE FROM DYING THE WAY THAT HIS SON DID. TANYA FLETCHER, CBC NEWS, LANGLEY.>>Ian: THE AMAZON RAINFOREST CONTINUES TO BURN AT A RECORD PACE. GIVEN THAT IT PRODUCES 20% OF THE WORLD’S OXYGEN AND ABSORBING ABOUT A QUARTER OF OUR FOSSIL FUEL EMISSIONS, THIS IS A CRITICAL SHIELD AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE. MOST OF IT LIES IN BRAZIL AND AS THE SMOKE STREAKS ACROSS THE COUNTRY, BRAZIL’S PRESIDENT SAYS HE DOESN’T HAVE THE RESOURCE TO STOP IT. HE’S THROWN UP HIS HANDS, BUT NOT BEFORE POINTING THE FINGER. JAIR BOLSONARO TODAY CAST SUSPICION ON N.G.O.s FOR SETTING THE FIRES. THERE’S NO EVIDENCE OF THAT. AARTI POLE HAS MORE ON WHAT WE DO KNOW ABOUT WHY SO MUCH OF THE AMAZON IS NOW GOING UP IN SMOKE.>>Reporter: IT IS THE WORLD’S MOST IMPORTANT ECOSYSTEM, HOME TO ROUGHLY THREE MILLION SPECIES OF PLANTS AND ANIMALS. AND NOW THE SITE OF 165,000 FIRES BURNING AT AN ALARMING RATE. IN BRAZIL ALONE, THE NUMBER OF FIRES HAS HIT A RECORD HIGH OF MORE THAN 80% INCREASE COMPARED TO LAST YEAR.>>THERE’S MONKEYS HOWLING.>>Reporter: CANADIAN JANA BELL WAS AWESTRUCK WHEN SHE VISITED THE RAINFOREST YEARS AGO. BUT SEEING THE DEFORESTATION AND DESTRUCTION PROMPTED HER TO START A CHARITY TO PROTECT THE AMAZON.>>THE FARMERS DOWN THERE DO SLASH-AND-BURN FARMING. SO THEY CHOP DOWN THE TREES AND THEY BURN THE TREES. THEY USE THE ASH AS MUCH-NEEDED FERTILIZER. THE PROBLEM IS ONCE THEY START A FIRE THEY CAN’T CONTROL IT, THEY CAN’T STOP IT. AND THEY SAY THAT WE’LL TURN A BLIND EYE TO ILLEGAL CLEARING, ILLEGAL FIRES, TO INVASION LIE LOCALS AND MINERS AND INDIGENOUS PEOPLE.>>Reporter: THE PRESIDENT TODAY FOR THE FIRST TIME ACKNOWLEDGED THAT THE FARMERS MAY BE BEHIND THE FIRES AFTER REPEATEDLY POINTING THE FINGER AT N.G.O.s. MEANWHILE THE U.N. IS SOUNDING THE ALARM.>>WE’RE VERY CONCERNED ABOUT THESE FIRES, BOTH FOR THE IMMEDIATE DAMAGE THAT THEY’RE CAUSING, AND ALSO BECAUSE SUSTAINING FOREST IS CRUCIAL IN OUR FIGHT AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE.>>Reporter: THE STATE OF AMAZON HAS DECLARED AN EMERGENCY WEEKS AGO. AND BRAZILIANS ARE DECLARING WHERE THEY STAND ON THE ISSUE TOO. ONLINE SOME A-LIST STARS ARE ADDING THEIR VOICE TO THE CAUSE.>>PUBLIC OUTCRY ON THE ISSUE, STREET PROTESTS, PEOPLE COMPLAINING AND OP-EDS AND THINGS LIKE THAT, RATHER THAN TRYING TO CREATE MORE PROTECTED AREAS OR SOMETHING LIKE THAT. BECAUSE THERE’S JUST NOT THE POLITICAL CLIMATE RIGHT NOW TO SORT OF HAVE THAT CONVERSATION.>>Reporter: BACK IN TORONTO, JANA BELL SAYS THAT CANADIANS NEED TO STEP UP.>>IT’S NOT JUST ABOUT SAVING TREES AND ANIMALS, IT’S ABOUT SAVING OURSELVES.>>Reporter: THE FEAR FROM SCIENTISTS IN BRAZIL AND BEYOND IS THAT THE DAMAGE BECOMES IRREVERSIBLE. AARTI POLE, CBC NEWS, TORONTO.>>Ian: TO OTTAWA NOW WHERE CANADA WELCOMED AMERICA’S TOP DIPLOMAT AND ONE ISSUE DOMINATED THE DISCUSSION — CHINA. SPECIFICALLY HOW TO GET TWO CANADIANS RELEASED FROM CHINESE DETENTION. THE U.S. SECRETARY OF STATE MIKE POMPEO SAT DOWN FOR AN EXCLUSIVE TV INTERVIEW WITH “POWER & POLITICS” HOST VASSY KAPELOS. IT WAS TO DISCUSS IF ANY PROGRESS HAS BEEN MADE.>>THANK YOU.>>Reporter: PLEASANTRIES EXCHANGED, IT WAS ALL ABOUT CHINA RIGHT AWAY.>>Prime Minister Justin Trudeau: WE WILL, OF COURSE, BE BRINGING UP THE PLIGHT OF TWO CANADIANS IN CHINA…>>Reporter: SECRETARY OF STATE MIKE POMPEO IMMEDIATELY ASSURED PRIME MINISTER TRUDEAU THAT THE WHITE HOUSE WILL CONTINUE TO BACK UP CANADA’S EFFORTS TO GET MICHAEL SPAVOR AND MICHAEL KOVRIG RELEASED. THEY’VE BEEN HELD IN CHINA SINCE DECEMBER, FOLLOWING CANADA’S ARREST OF THE HUAWEI EXECUTIVE MENG WANZHOU. THEIR CASE WAS RAISED BY PRESIDENT TRUMP DIRECTLY WITH CHINA’S PRESIDENT, BUT IN AN INTERVIEW WITH CBC NEWS, SECRETARY POMPEO ADMITTED THAT THE DIPLOMATIC PRESSURE HAS FAILED TO SWAY THE CHINESE.>>WE HAVE NOT BEEN SUCCESSFUL SO FAR, AND MORE IMPORTANTLY, WE HAVEN’T GOTTEN THESE TWO BACK TO THEIR HOMES AND TO THEIR FAMILIES.>>Reporter: CAN YOU TELL US WHAT THE RESPONSE TO PRESIDENT TRUMP’S ASK WAS?>>I’D RATHER NOT TALK ABOUT THAT CONVERSATION.>>Reporter: TRUMP’S TOP DIPLOMAT ALSO WALKED BACK COMMENTS THAT HIS BOSS MADE, TYING MENG’S CASE TO A POTENTIAL U.S.-CHINA TRADE DIAL. THE ONLY WAY TO RESOLVE THE DIPLOMATIC RIFT WAS TO RELEASE MENG, SOMETHING THAT BOTH POMPEO AND HIS COUNTERPARTS REJECTED.>>THERE’S NO MORAL THEORY WHERE THESE TWO ARE CONNECTED.>>Reporter: THERE’S NO WAY IN WHICH MENG WANZHOU’S CASE BECOMES PART OF A TRADE DEAL WITH CHINA, IS THAT RIGHT?>>I THINK THAT I HAVE ANSWERED ALL OF YOUR QUESTIONS.>>The Hon. Chyrstia Freeland: APPLYING OUR EXTRADITION TREATY WITH THE UNITED STATES, IT’S NOT A POLITICAL DECISION.>>Reporter: AN ALLIED FRONT, BUT ONE THAT CANADA DOESN’T HAVE TO GO OUT OF ITS WAY TO THANK THE AMERICANS FOR.>>THE FACT THAT CHINA IS USING ITS SIZE AND ITS POWER TO BULLY SMALLER COUNTRIES THAT ARE PART OF THIS LARGER WESTERN ALLIANCE IS AN AMERICAN ISSUE. IT’S SOMETHING THAT SHOULD CONCERN THE AMERICANS. SO IT’S NOT A FAVOUR THEY’RE DOING FOR US.>>Reporter: EXPECT CANADA TO ASK FOR MORE OF THE SAME FROM OTHER COUNTRIES AT THE G7 SUMMIT THIS WEEKEND. STILL HOPEFUL THAT THE COLLECTIVE PRESSURE WILL BEND THE SO FAR UNWAVERING WILL OF THE CHINESE. VASSY KAPELOS, CBC NEWS, OTTAWA.>>Ian: SAME-SEX MARRIAGE HAS BEEN LEGALIZED IN CANADA FOR 14 YEARS NOW, BUT THAT ISSUE WAS UNEXPECTEDLY FRONT AND CENTRE IN THE POLITICAL DEBATE TODAY. IT’S ALL BECAUSE THE LIBERALS BROUGHT UP A DECADE OLD SPEECH BY CONSERVATIVE LEADER ANDREW SCHEER WHERE HE SAID SAME-SEX MARRIAGE CAN’T BE CONSIDERED MARRIAGE.>>The Hon. Andrew Scheer: THERE’S NOTHING MORE IMPORTANT TO SOCIETY THAN THE RAISING OF CHILDREN, FOR ITS VERY SURVIVAL REQUIRES IT. HOMOSEXUAL UNIONS BY NATURE ARE CONTRADICTORY TO THIS.>>Ian: HE WAS A FIRST-TERM OPPOSITION M.P. IN 2005, EXPLAINING WHY HE OPPOSED THE BILL TO LEGALIZE SAME-SEX UNIONS.>>The Hon. Andrew Scheer: THEY CANNOT COMMIT TO THE PROCREATION OF CHILDREN, THEY CANNOT, THEREFORE, BE MARRIED.>>MR. SCHEER…>>Ian: SCHEER, LIKE THE VAST MAJORITY OF HIS CONSERVATIVE CAUCUS LED BY STEPHEN HARPER, VOTED AGAINST THE BILL. SO DID A NUMBER OF LIBERAL M.P.s.>>MR. MacAULAY.>>Ian: TODAY 14 YEARS AFTER THAT VOTE LIBERALS DECIDED TO POST SCHEER’S COMMENTS ONLINE AND HIGHLIGHT HOW THE CONSERVATIVE LEADER REFUSES TO TAKE PART IN PRIDE PARADES ACROSS THE COUNTRY. SCHEER IS A DEVOUT ROMAN CATHOLIC. IN RECENT YEARS HE’S AVOIDED DEBATE ON MAJOR SOCIAL CONSERVATIVE ISSUES LIKE ABORTION AND SAME-SEX MARRIAGE. BUT HIS POSITION FROM 2005 IS NO SECRET.>>The Hon. Andrew Scheer: I HAVE MY OWN PERSONAL BELIEF AND MY OWN FAITH BACKGROUND.>>Ian: FACT, OUR ROSEMARY BARTON ASKED HIM ABOUT THAT VERY SPEECH WHEN HE RAN FOR THE CONSERVATIVE LEADERSHIP.>>The Hon. Andrew Scheer: LOOK, IT HAPPENED IN 2005, I WAS A MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT AT THE TIME AND I VOTED MY CONSCIENCE AND I VOTED TO MY CONSTITUENTS’ WISHES. IT’S NOT SOMETHING THAT I’M LOOKING TO REVISIT OR REOPEN OR THINGS LIKE THAT.>>Ian: TODAY HIS CAMPAIGN TEAM REITERATED THAT POINT, SAYING “SCHEER SUPPORTS SAME-SEX MARRIAGE AS DEFINED IN LAW AND AS PRIME MINISTER WILL, OF COURSE, UPHOLD IT.” CONSERVATIVES POINT OUT THAT LIBERAL M.P.s HAVE ALSO OPPOSED SAME-SEX MARRIAGE OR VOTED AGAINST IT IN THE PAST. CALLING THE VIDEO THAT THE LIBERALS SHARED TODAY, “ANOTHER DESPERATION TACTIC FROM TRUDEAU ON THE EVE OF AN ELECTION.” LET’S BRING IN OUR PARLIAMENTARY BUREAU CHIEF, ROB RUSSO. AND, ROB, ANDREW SCHEER HAS SAID THAT HE IS NOT GOING TO REOPEN THE MARRIAGE EQUALITY DEBATE. SO LET’S TALK ABOUT WHAT THE LIBERALS HOPE TO GAIN HERE.>>WELL, THEY HOPE TO GAIN A COUPLE THINGS, IAN. NUMBER ONE, IS A DIVERSION FROM THE ETHICS COMMISSIONER’S REPORT ON SNC-LAVALIN. THERE MIGHT BE SOMETHING TO IT. BUT THERE’S SOMETHING PROBABLY MORE FUNDAMENTAL TO THIS. THEY WANT TO FRAME THIS CAMPAIGN AS A CHOICE BETWEEN SOMEONE WHO IS A PROGRESSIVE AND SOMEBODY WHO THEY ARE SAYING IS AGONISTIC. SO THEY HAVE DUG OUT SOMETHING THAT HASN’T BEEN BURIED FOR A LONG, LONG TIME. AS YOU SAW ROSIE ASKED HIM ABOUT THIS JUST TWO OR THREE YEARS AGO. BUT A LOT OF FIRST-TIME VOTERS WOULD NOT KNOW THAT ANDREW SCHEER HELD THIS KIND OF OPINION. HE REFUSES TO SAY IF HE HOLDS THE SAME VIEW. WHAT HE SAID IS HE’S NOT BRINGING IT BACK. BUT THOSE WORDS OUT OF ANDREW SCHEER’S MOUTH AND THAT GREY VIDEO MAKING HIM LOOK THIS WAY IS PROBABLY MEANT TO TRY TO TELL YOUNG VOTERS, FIRST-TIME VOTERS, WHO TURNED OUT IN DISPROPORTIONATE NUMBERS FOR THE LIBERALS THE LAST TIME THAT IF YOU ARE NOT SO THRILLED WITH JUSTIN TRUDEAU, THAT’S FINE. BUT DO YOU REALLY WANT ANDREW SCHEER TO BE THE PERSON WHO BECOMES PRIME MINISTER? IF YOU DON’T, COME ON OUT AND VOTE THIS TIME AND DON’T STAY AT HOME LIKE YOU NORMALLY DO.>>Ian: BUT THE CONSERVATIVES, ROB, ARE SAYING THAT THIS SHOWS DESPERATION ON THE PART OF THE LIBERALS.>>WELL IT SHOWS THAT THEY DO NEED TO GET THOSE PEOPLE TO COME OUT AND VOTE FOR THEM AGAIN IF THEY’RE GOING TO WIN ANOTHER MANDATE. DESPERATION — MAYBE. TRYING TO FRAME THE ISSUE — YES. AND HAS IT ALREADY BORN FRUIT FOR THEM? YES, IT HAS, IAN. BECAUSE THE N.D.P. LEADER JAGMEET SINGH, BASED ON WHAT HE SAW TODAY, PROBABLY NOT REALIZING THAT IT’S AN OLD ISSUE SAYS THAT THERE’S NO WAY THAT HE CAN SUPPORT A MINORITY CONSERVATIVE GOVERNMENT. THEREBY, THROWING AWAY ALMOST ALL OF THE LEVERAGE THAT HE’D HAVE IN NEGOTIATING WITH A LIBERAL GOVERNMENT FOR HIS SUPPORT. WHICH IS BAFFLING AT THIS STAGE OF THE RACE.>>Ian: THANKS, ROB.>>MY PLEASURE, IAN. I.N.S. HERE’S SOME OF THE OTHER STORIES THAT WE’RE FOLLOWING TONIGHT…>>>A LEGIONNAIRES DISEASE IS SPREADING IN MONCTON, NEW BRUNSWICK. OFFICIALS ARE CONFIRMING THREE NEW CASES OF THE PNEUMONIA-LIKE SICKNESS WAS FOUND TODAY. THAT BRINGS THE TOTAL TO 12 SINCE LAST MONTH. ALL OF THE PATIENTS ARE RECOVERING BUT HEALTH AUTHORITIES SAY THAT THE OUTBREAK IS NOT OVER AND THEY’RE STILL WORKING TO ABSOLUTELY CONFIRM THE SOURCE.>>>IN A MASSIVE $5 BILLION CASH DEAL, THE TOY MANUFACTURING GIANT HASBRO HAS MOVED TO PURCHASE TORONTO-BASED MEDIA COMPANY ENTERTAINMENT ONE. THE DEAL BRINGS TOGETHER THE MAKER OF TRANSFORMER TOYS AND THE MONOPOLY GAME WITH THE PRODUCER OF SHOWS LIKE “PEPPA PIG” AND “CLIFFORD, THE BIG RED DOG.” THE TOY MAKER SAID THAT THE ACQUISITION OF THE CANADIAN PRODUCTION COMPANY IS AIMED AT EXPANDING ITS BRAND REACH GLOBALLY.>>NOWHERE IN SOCIETY SHOULD WE BE TOLERATING RACISM OR ANTI-SEMITISM, OR MISOGYNY.>>Ian: A REACTION TO THE SENTENCING OF THE NEWSPAPER EDITOR JAMES SEARS. HE RECEIVED A MAXIMUM ONE-YEAR JAIL SENTENCE FOR HIS WORK FOR THE TORONTO-BASED PUBLICATION “YOUR WARD NEWS.” SEARS WAS FOUND GUILTY OF WILLFULLY PROMOTING HATRED AGAINST WOMEN IN JEWS IN ARTICLES THAT HE WROTE AND EDITED OVER A THREE-YEAR PERIOD. THE PAPER’S PUBLISHER IS SET TO BE SENTENCED NEXT WEEK.>>>TO WASHINGTON NOW WHERE DONALD TRUMP IS CONFOUNDING HIS CRITICS AGAIN TONIGHT ON GUN CONTROL. EVER SINCE THOSE BACK-TO-BACK MASS SHOOTINGS LEFT 32 PEOPLE DEAD THREE WEEKS AGO, THE U.S. PRESIDENT HAS SPOKEN OFTEN ABOUT TAKING ACTION. BUT AS PAUL HUNTER REPORTS, IT’S NOT CLEAR PRECISELY HOW.>>Reporter: REMEMBER PARKLAND? AND NEWTOWN? ORLANDO? VEGAS? SAN BERNARDINO? DAYTON? EL PASO? AND COUNTLESS OTHERS. CHIEF AMONG THOSE WHO CAN NEVER FORGET — FAMILIES OF THE DEAD.>>MY DAUGHTER DIED AT PARKLAND.>>Reporter: TODAY ON VARIOUS U.S. TALK SHOWS PRESSING FOR TOUGHER GUN LAWS YET AGAIN.>>WHAT MORE OF AN EMERGENCY SITUATION CAN WE ENVISION FOR OUR COUNTRY?>>Reporter: AND SLAMMING DONALD TRUMP FOR SAYING HE SYMPATHIZES WHILE SO FAR TAKING NO ACTION.>>YOU ARE USING THE PAIN OF THE VICTIMS OF GUN VIOLENCE TO SPEAK IN A WAY THAT ALLOWS YOU TO LOOK LIKE YOU’RE GOING TO DO SOMETHING, BUT ONLY TO PLAY GAMES WITH THEIR EMOTIONS AND NOT DO IT IN THE END. I DON’T CARE ABOUT YOU, MR. PRESIDENT. BUT I HATE WHAT YOU DO.>>Reporter: CASE IN POINT — TRUMP AFTER THE SHOOTING IN EL PASO –>>President Donald Trump: YOU HAVE TO HAVE MEANINGFUL BACKGROUND CHECKS.>>Reporter: AND THEN YESTERDAY DROPPING THE WORD “MEANINGFUL.”>>President Donald Trump: I HAVE AN APPETITE FOR BACKGROUND CHECKS. WE’RE GOING TO BE DOING BACKGROUND CHECKS.>>Reporter: MOMENTS LATER HEDGING FURTHER.>>President Donald Trump: IT’S A SLIPPERY SLOPE.>>Reporter: SLIPPERY SLOPE — A STANDARD LINE FROM THE N.R.A., USED BY TRUMP THE DAY AFTER A PHONE CALL WITH THE HEAD OF THE N.R.A. THEN TONIGHT ANOTHER TURN, TWEETING “ABOUT A VERY GOOD MEETING ON PREVENTING MASS SHOOTINGS. TALKS WITH BOTH PARTIES AND A HINT AT MEANINGFUL LEGISLATION THAT WILL MAKE A REAL DIFFERENCE.” ALL OF THAT ON THE HEELS OF A CALL TO ACTION YESTERDAY FROM STUDENTS OF PARKLAND WHO RELEASED THEIR PLAN FOR LAWS TO CURB GUN VIOLENCE. BUT THE REAL FEAR IN THIS COUNTRY REMAINS — WHAT, IF NOTHING, EVER CHANGES? IN THE 19 DAYS SINCE THOSE TWO BIG MASS SHOOTINGS IN TEXAS AND OHIO THERE’S BEEN 18 OTHER MASS SHOOTINGS HERE. MORE WILL FOLLOW. PAUL HUNTER, CBC NEWS, WASHINGTON.>>Ian: LATER ON “THE NATIONAL,” IN-DEPTH IN HONG KONG.>>Ian: LATER ON “THE NATIONAL,” IN-DEPTH IN HONG KONG. HOW THREE CANADIANS ARE CONFLICTED BY LIVING THERE.>>>BUT NEXT, NEW QUESTIONS ABOUT THE WAY THAT AUTISM IS DIAGNOSED. A CANADIAN-LED STUDY LOOKS AT WHETHER THE BAR IS TOO LOW.>>WE ARE NOW DIAGNOSING PEOPLE WHO IDENTIFY AS AUTISTIC W (*)>>Ian: THERE ARE NEW QUESTIONS TONIGHT ABOUT HOW AUTISM IS BEING DIAGNOSED. A MONTRÉAL RESEARCHER WHO HELPED TO COMB THROUGH DECADES OF DATA SAYS THAT THE BAR FOR BEING DIAGNOSED WITH AUTISM IS NOW SO LOW THAT THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THOSE WHO HAVE IT AND THOSE WHO DON’T COULD BE DISAPPEARING. AROUND THE WORLD THE RATE OF DIAGNOSIS HAS BEEN CLIMBING FOR YEARS. AS OF 2015, AN ESTIMATED ONE IN 66 CANADIAN CHILDREN HAD BEEN DIAGNOSED WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER. BOYS FAR MORE FREQUENTLY THAN GIRLS. MORE THAN HALF WERE DIAGNOSED BY THE TIME THEY HIT 6 YEARS OLD, ALMOST ALL OF THEM BY THE TIME THEY WERE 12. THE DIAGNOSIS CAN BE KEY TO GETTING EARLY INTERVENTION FOR A CHILD WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER. BUT AS CHRISTINE BIRAK EXPLAINS, FOR RESEARCHERS THERE’S A DOWNSIDE TO HAVING SO MANY CASES UNDER THAT HEADING.>>Reporter: DESPITE BEING NON-VERBAL PETER’S MOTOR SKILLS AREN’T BAD. PETER HAS BEEN DIAGNOSED WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER. BUT IF HE’D BEEN BORN DECADES AGO, RESEARCHERS SAY THAT HE MIGHT NOT HAVE BEEN.>>THESE SENTENCES AND STATEMENTS SCARE ME.>>Reporter: A CANADIAN-LED REVIEW ANALYSED THE RESULTS OF A DOZEN PREVIOUS STUDIES PUBLISHED BETWEEN 1966 AND 2019. TO DIAGNOSE AUTISM, PSYCHOLOGICAL AND NEUROLOGICAL TESTS STILL EXAMINE DIFFERENCES IN TRAITS LIKE SOCIAL AND MOTOR SKILLS, INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT AND FACIAL EXPRESSION. BUT THE REVIEW FOUND THAT IT’S NOW BROADENED INTO A SPECTRUM, THE DIAGNOSIS INCLUDES MORE PEOPLE.>>30 YEARS AGO YOU NEEDED TO HAVE A VERY STRONG DIFFERENCE AT THE SOCIAL LEVEL, AND AT THE LEVEL OF FACIAL EXPRESSION AND SO ON. NOW YOU JUST HAVE TO BE SLIGHTLY DIMINISHED.>>Reporter: RESEARCHERS SAY IT’S MAKING IT HARDER TO FIND TREATMENTS FOR THOSE ON THE SEVERE END OF THE AUTISM SPECTRUM. THEY ALSO WORRY THAT NOT EVERYONE ON THAT SPECTRUM BELONGS THERE, BUT PARENTS NEED A DIAGNOSIS TO UNLOCK TREATMENT.>>PARENTS ARE OBLIGED TO SAY SOMETHING THAT POSSIBLY THEY DON’T EVEN BELIEVE BECAUSE THEY WANT TO OBTAIN SERVICES.>>Reporter: OTHER DOCTORS DO IT DIFFERENTLY.>>WE’RE NOW DIAGNOSING AND SEEING PEOPLE WHO IDENTIFY AS AUTISTIC WHO WE MAY NOT HAVE CONSIDERED THAT WAY IN THE PAST. AND THEIR PRESENTATION MAY BE A BIT MORE MILD, BUT I WANT TO EMPHASIZE THAT THERE ARE CHALLENGES THAT THEY EXPERIENCE AND THEY ARE QUITE REAL.>>Reporter: FOR PETER’S MOM, IT ALL BOILS DOWN TO THIS –>>YOU NEED GLASSES AND YOU SHOULD BE ABLE TO GET THEM. IT DOESN’T MATTER WHAT INTENSITY YOUR PRESCRIPTION IS. BUT YOU NEED THE RIGHT PRESCRIPTION. SO FOR A KID, IT’S THE SAME THING. THEY HAVE DIFFERENT NEEDS. SOME WILL NEED VERY LITTLE OR NONE. AND SOME WILL NEED A LOT.>>Reporter: ALL SIDES AGREE THAT REGARDLESS OF LABELS, THE GOAL IS TO GET KIDS THE HELP AND CARE THEY NEED. CHRISTINE BIRAK, CBC NEWS, TORONTO.>>Ian: WELL, LET’S BRING IN DR. DANIELLE MARTIN, FROM THE WOMEN’S COLLEGE HOSPITAL IN TORONTO. AND, OF COURSE, A REGULAR CONTRIBUTOR TO OUR HEALTH PANEL. DR. MARTIN, WHEN A FAMILY COMES TO YOU WONDERING IF THEIR CHILD IS THE AUTISM SPECTRUM, WHAT ARE THE THINGS THAT YOU CONSIDER?>>WELL, THERE ISN’T A SIMPLE BLOOD TEST OR A URINE TEST FOR THE AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER. SO YOU ARE ASKING QUESTIONS AND OBSERVING A CHILD’S BEHAVIOUR TO SEE WHETHER THAT CHILD IS MEETING DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES AND OBSERVING HOW THEY RELATE TO OTHERS, WHETHER THEY’RE ENGAGING IN REPETITIVE OR RESTRICTIVE BEHAVIOURS. SO THERE ARE A SET OF CRITERIA THAT GET USED. OFTEN IN PRIMARY CARE WE’RE SIMPLY IDENTIFYING THAT A KID IS NOT MEETING THE MILESTONES THAT WE WOULD EXPECT AND THEN REFERRING THEM ON FOR MORE IN-DEPTH MULTIDISCIPLINARY ASSESSMENT.>>Ian: AND IF THEY WERE TO BE DIAGNOSED AS BEING ON THE SPECTRUM, WHAT’S THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THAT?>>WELL, YOU KNOW, ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT THINGS THAT IS SIGNIFICANT OF IT IS THAT IT UNLOCKS RESOURCES TO HELP THAT CHILD AND THAT FAMILY. WE KNOW THAT EARLY INTERVENTION AND BEHAVIORAL SUPPORT FOR CHILDREN ON THE AUTISM SPECTRUM IS REALLY IMPORTANT IN HELPING KIDS TO ACHIEVE THEIR BEST POTENTIAL. AND SO ALTHOUGH THE LABEL CAN SOMETIMES BE FRIGHTENING FOR FAMILIES, WHEN IT’S APPROPRIATELY AND CORRECTLY APPLIED, IT OFTEN UNLOCKS ACCESSES TO RESOURCES THAT CAN BE REALLY USEFUL.>>Ian: WHAT ABOUT CONCERNS THAT AUTISM MIGHT BE OVERDIAGNOSED?>>WELL, THIS IS WHAT HAPPENS WHEN YOU CHANGE THE DEFINITION OF A “DISORDER.” WE USED TO SAY, YOU KNOW, THAT THERE WAS AUTISM AND ASPERGER’S AND THESE WATER TIGHT DISCIPLINES AND NOW IT’S A “SPECTRUM” AND WE HAVE ENLARGED THAT DEFINITION. SO WE’RE NECESSARILY NOW GOING TO PICK UP MORE FOLKS IN THAT MORE ENLARGED DEFINITION. I THINK THAT WE HAVE TO WATCH ISSUES AROUND SOCIAL STIGMA AND AROUND OVERLABELLING, VARIANTS OF NORMAL HUMAN BEHAVIOUR. YOU KNOW, PEOPLE ARE DIFFERENT. BUT CERTAINLY WHEN YOU SEE A KID STRUGGLING DEVELOPMENTALLY AND NOT HITTING BASIC MILESTONES OROR MEETING THEIR LANGUAGE MILESTONES, I THINK THAT, YOU KNOW, IT’S REALLY IMPORTANT THAT WE INTERVENE AS QUICKLY AS POSSIBLE. AND SO PART OF THE SPECTRUM ISSUE IS TRYING TO MAKE SURE THAT WE PICK UP THOSE KIDS WITH MILDER SYMPTOMS EARLIER SO WE CAN HELP THEM. MILDER SYMPTOMS EARLIER SO WE CAN HELP THEM.>>Ian: DR. MARTIN, ALWAYS NICE TO HEAR FROM YOU. THANKS.>>THANKS.>>Ian: LOTS MORE STILL AHEAD ON TONIGHT’S “NATIONAL”…>>>THE NFL PLAYER WHO COULD USE A GEOGRAPHY LESSON AND THE WINNIPEGGERS EAGER TO HELP.>>>NEXT, LIFE IN A POLARIZED CITY. THREE CANADIANS FACE CONFLICTED CHOICES AMONG HONG KONG’S POLITICAL UNREST.>>WE’VE GOT TO WAIT AND SEE WHAT HAPPENS. WE CAN’T JUST — WE CAN’T JUST ABANDON EVERYTHING THAT WE’VE SET UP HERE. WE CAN’T JUST ABANDON OUR FAMILY AND OUR FRIENDS. (*) (*)>>Ian: THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT IS HUNTING FOR ANSWERS ABOUT THIS MAN — SIMON CHENG. HE WORKED IN THE U.K. CONSULATE IN HONG KONG AND HE WAS TAKING A TRAIN INTO MAINLAND CHINA WHEN HE DISAPPEARED. THE CHINESE AUTHORITIES NOW SAY THAT HE’S BEEN DETAINED FOR SOLICITING PROSTITUTION. OTHERS WORRY THAT HIS ONLINE SUPPORT FOR THE HONG KONG PRO-DEMOCRACY MOVEMENT THAT MADE HIM A TARGET. NOW THE CANADIAN HONG KONG CONSULATE HAS CANCELLED TRAVEL INTO MAINLAND TRAVEL FOR ITS LOCAL STAFF. FOR MONTHS NOW THE WORDS “HONG KONG” AND “TENSION” HAVE BEEN UTTERED IN THE SAME BREATH. ONE SIDE SEES A FIGHT FOR DEMOCRACY AND THE OTHER SEES THUGS WHIPPED UP BY FOREIGN INTERESTS. THE TERRITORY IS TORN APART AND FOR HONG KONGERS WITH LINKS TO CANADA, THE RIP RUNS RIGHT THROUGH THE COMMUNITIES, SOMETIMES EVEN THEIR FAMILIES. CHRIS BROWN IS IN HONG KONG AND HE HAS THEIR STORIES.>>JUST OVER HERE WE’VE GOT SOME GLOVES. YOU’RE ALSO GOING TO WANT SOMETHING TO PROTECT YOUR CROTCH.>>Reporter: WITH HONG KONG IN THE MIDST OF A FIGHT FOR ITS HEART AND SOUL, THIS MILITARY SUPPLY STORE HAS BECOME A GO-TO DESTINATION FOR A CANADIAN THAT WE’RE CALLING “ROBBIE.”>>I’M SORRY FOR THE DISGUISE.>>Reporter: ROBBIE SAYS THAT HE’S NEVER INCITED VIOLENCE, BUT BELIEVES THAT HE COULD BE ARRESTED ANYWAY JUST FOR BEING ON THE SIDE OF PROTESTERS. ASIDE FROM HIS FEARS OF POSSIBLY BEING ARRESTED, THERE’S ANOTHER ARGUABLY MORE IMPORTANT REASON FOR THE DISGUISE. MANY IN HIS FAMILY DON’T AGREE WITH HIM — ESPECIALLY HIS CHINESE-BORN WIFE.>>WE HAVE HAD SOME SERIOUS ARGUMENTS I’D SAY THAT WE CAME VERY CLOSE TO ACTUALLY GETTING A DIVORCE.>>Reporter: HE WAS BORN IN CANADA, MET HIS WIFE AT A CANADIAN UNIVERSITY, AND THEN THEY MOVED TO HONG KONG MORE THAN A DECADE AGO.>>EVER SINCE THE PROTESTS STARTED IN JUNE, WE’VE JUST BEEN — NOT JUST ON OPPOSITE SIDES OF THE FENCE, BUT IT’S LIKE WE’RE WORLDS APART IN WHAT SHOULD BE DONE AND HOW TO HANDLE IT.>>Reporter: SO SOMETIMES WITHOUT HER KNOWLEDGE HE SAYS THAT HE COMES TO THIS STORE TO BUY SURVIVAL GEAR FOR THE PROTESTERS SO THEY CAN STAY SAFE IN DANGEROUS SITUATIONS.>>I DO TRY TO UNDERSTAND THE COMPLEX FEELINGS THAT SHE MUST BE GOING THROUGH. BUT, ON THE OTHER HAND, I KNOW THAT IF I WANT TO BE ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF HISTORY I’VE GOT TO STAND WITH HONG KONG AS IT STRUGGLES TO MAINTAIN WHAT IT HAS.>>Reporter: THERE’S NO WAY TO KNOW HOW MANY CANADIANS LIVING HERE SUPPORT PROTESTERS, AND HOW MANY SIDE WITH THE ADMINISTRATION IN CHINA. BUT IT SEEMS THAT NO ONE REMAINS NEUTRAL. JUST BEFORE SUNDAY’S HUGE PROTESTS, WE MET UP WITH CANADIAN EDWARD CHEN.>>JUST TO BRING A MESSAGE TO BEIJING, ACTUALLY, DON’T USE THE POLICE FOR POLITICAL MEANS, YOU KNOW, JUST TO DIVIDE HONG KONG PEOPLE.>>Reporter: HE WAS MAKING SIGNS AND PREPARING TO TAKE TO THE STREETS. CHEN IS AN AUTHOR OF INVESTMENT BOOKS AND HE’S A RECOGNIZABLE BUSINESS FIGURE. HE USED TO WORK FOR T.D. BANK. MOST BUSINESS PEOPLE TOE THE LINE SO AS NOT TO OFFEND CHINA, BUT NOT HIM.>>I THINK THAT WE HAVE TO GO BY WHAT WE BELIEVE IN. AS SOMEONE THAT UPHOLDS OUR FREEDOMS, OUR CORE VALUES.>>Reporter: VALUES THAT INCLUDE PRESERVING HONG KONG’S SPECIAL “ONE COUNTRY, TWO SYSTEM” STATUS AND PUSHING BACK AGAINST BEIJING’S PURPORTED ENCROACHMENTS ON THAT. THESE DAYS HE’S GIVING FINANCIAL ADVICE TO PEOPLE WHO ARE WORRIED ABOUT WHAT THIS UNCERTAINTY IS DOING TO THEIR INVESTMENTS. HIS OUTSPOKENNESS HAS GOT CHINA’S ATTENTION. WHEN THE V.P. OF HUAWEI WAS ARRESTED IN CANADA AND CHINA DETAINED TWO CANADIANS IN RESPONSE, CHEN SPOKE OUT LOUDLY FOR THE MEN’S RELEASE.>>MY OFFICE WAS VISITED BY POLICE AND ALSO MY HOME. THEY SENT A FIRE TRUCK AND AMBULANCE PEOPLE AND POLICE. THEY CAME FOR INTIMIDATION EIGHT TIMES TOTAL — EIGHT TIMES IN TWO DAYS. YEAH.>>Reporter: BUT HE SAYS THAT THE INTIMIDATION DIDN’T WORK. AT THAT BIG PROTEST CHEN CAME OUT AND BROUGHT HIS 8-YEAR-OLD SON NATHAN WITH HIM.>>HE HAS BEEN TO TWO OR THREE SEPARATE MARCHES. HE KNOWS THAT THE MARCH IS FOR FREEDOM AND YOU HAVE TO WALK. YOU DON’T LIKE TO HAVE FIGHT — LIKE REAL FIGHT IT’S BUT YOU HAVE TO BE PEACEFUL DEMONSTRATING LIKE THIS.>>Reporter: BUT PROTESTERS HAVEN’T ALL BEEN PEACEFUL. ONE OF THE ENDURING SYMBOLS OF THE UNREST HAS BEEN TEAR GAS. IT’S BEEN FIRED, ACCORDING TO POLICE, WHEN AGGRESSIVE PROTESTERS HAVE TARGETED POLICE STATIONS OR METROS IN MANY NEIGHBOURHOODS.>>THERE WASN’T ANYTHING…>>Reporter: INCLUDE NEARING THE CALHOUN STREET WHERE ARTIST AND TEACHER RACHEL SMITH LIVES.>>IN JULY 14th THERE WAS A LOT OF PROTESTING AND TEAR GAS…>>Reporter: SHE CREATED THESE INCREDIBLE MATCHBOXES AS A TYPE OF DAILY DIARY. EACH ONE TELLING A STORY OF A DIFFERENT EVENT.>>FIRST IT WAS ONE OF THE BIG PROTESTS AND TWO MILLION PEOPLE CAME OUT ON THE STREET. AND EVERYBODY HAS A STORY, AND THEN THIS PIECE GOES IN HERE. AND THEN YOU LOOK AT IT THIS WAY. EVERYTHING IS TENSE, EVERYTHING IS UNCERTAIN, UNCOMFORTABLE, IN MANY WAYS, BUT ALSO NOT UNEXPECTED. THIS HAS BEEN COMING FOR A VERY, VERY LONG TIME.>>Reporter: SMITH IS ORIGINALLY FROM SOUTHWESTERN ONTARIO. BUT SHE MOVED HERE 15 YEARS AGO WHEN SHE MARRIED HER HONG KONG-BORN HUSBAND. HE DIDN’T WANT TO APPEAR ON CAMERA HIMSELF, AGAIN, OUT OF FEAR OF REPRISALS. SHE’S TAKEN PART IN THE PROTESTS AND THOUGH MANY HERE WILL SEE HER AS AN OUTSIDER BUT SHE SAYS THAT SHE FEELS IT IS HER FIGHT.>>I’M NOT THE RIGHT PERSON IN THE RIGHT CIRCUMSTANCE. I DON’T HAVE THE RIGHT FACE. I DON’T HAVE THE RIGHT PLACE. BUT IT’S MY FIGHT IN THAT IT’S MY FAMILY AND PEOPLE THAT I CARE ABOUT AND IT’S A CITY THAT I ABSOLUTELY LOVED LIVING IN FOR THE LAST 14 YEARS.>>Reporter: SHE SAYS THAT PEOPLE IN CANADA OFTEN ASK HER, IS IT SAFE, WHEN WILL YOU LEAVE.>>IF I DECIDE TO LEAVE, ME WITH MY FOREIGN PASSPORT, MY HUSBAND CAN COME WITH ME. MAYBE MY IN-LAWS. BUT WHO ELSE CAN I TAKE? CAN I TAKE ALL OF MY FRIENDS? CAN I TAKE ALONG MY EX-STUDENTS? WE’VE GOT TO WAIT AND SEE WHAT HAPPENS. WE CAN’T JUST — WE CAN’T JUST ABANDON EVERYTHING THAT WE’VE SET UP HERE. WE CAN’T JUST ABANDON OUR FAMILY AND OUR FRIENDS.>>Reporter: THERE IS IN HONG KONG TODAY A BIG DISTRUST ABOUT THE EXISTING POLITICAL SYSTEM AS ALL OF THE RALLIES AND THE DEMONSTRATIONS SHOW. NONE OF THE CANADIANS WE TALKED TO COULD PREDICT HOW THIS IDEOLOGICAL BATTLE WOULD END, BUT ALL OF THEM FELT IT WAS NOW THEIR CAUSE AS WELL. CHRIS BROWN, CBC NEWS, HONG KONG.>>Ian: AS THE PUSH TO PICK SIDES INTENSIFIES, SOME CANADIANS IN HONG KONG CHOOSE THE POLICE. TAKE JOSEPH CHANG OF TORONTO. HE BELIEVES THAT PROTESTERS HAVE BEEN CROSSING THE LINE IN CLASHES, LIKE A RECENT SCENE IN HONG KONG’S YUEN LONG STATION.>>THEY WERE GOING INTO THE YUEN LONG STATION AND THEN THEY TAKE THE BATONS AND START HITTING PEOPLE AND START HITTING POLICE. EVERYTHING LIKE THAT. THIS IS BAD. THIS IS NOT ACCEPTABLE. I UNDERSTAND WHY THEY’RE DOING IT, BUT IT’S STILL NOT ACCEPTABLE. THE LAW IS THE LAW.>>Ian: THERE WAS LOTS OF VANDALISM AND TAUNTS BUT IT’S NOT CLEAR WHETHER VIOLENCE HAPPENED IN YUEN LONG LIKE CHANG DESCRIBES. A PEACEFUL DEMONSTRATION LAST NIGHT ENDED WITH A BRIEF BUT A TENSE STANDOFF. THERE WERE NO OFFICIAL REPORTS OF INJURIES.>>>COMING UP NEXT…>>>TRACKING AN ENDANGERED KILLER WHALE. HOW SALMON ARE KEY TO THE SEARCH.>>IF WE UNDERSTAND THE MOVEMENT OF THE PREY AND THE BEHAVIOUR OF THE PREY, WE CAN UNDERSTAND MORE ABOUT WHAT THE KILLER WHALES HAVE TO DO IN ORDER TO FIND THOSE PREY. (*))>>Ian: WELCOME BACK. WE’RE FOLLOWING THE IMPACT OF A DEADLY THUNDERSTORM IN EASTERN EUROPE. EMERGENCY CREWS SCRAMBLED TO HELP THOSE CAUGHT IN THE MOUNTAINS OF SOUTHERN POLAND. AT LEAST FOUR PEOPLE WERE KILLED AND MORE THAN 100 OTHERS INJURED. A FIFTH PERSON DIED IN SLOVAKIA WHEN LIGHTNING KNOCKED HIM INTO A GORGE.>>>BREXIT TALKS CONTINUED IN PARIS TODAY WITH THE FOCUS ON THE SO-CALLED IRISH BACKSTOP. THE MEASURE IS AIMED TO PREVENT A HARD BORDER IN IRELAND. EMMANUEL MACRON CALLED IT “INDISPENSEABLE” BUT BORIS JOHNSON ARGUED THAT THERE’S ROOM FOR CHANGE.>>WE THINK THAT THERE ARE WAYS OF PROTECTING THE INTEGRITY OF THE SINGLE MARKET AND ALLOWING THE U.K. TO EXIT FROM THE E.U.>>Ian: JOHNSON REMAINS COMMITTED TO LEAVING THE EUROPEAN UNION ON OCTOBER 31st.>>>FISHERIES AND OCEANS CANADA HAS RELEASED ITS FIRST EVER STATE OF CANADIAN PACIFIC SALMON REPORT. THE FINDINGS ARE BLEAK. SOCKEYE AND COHO AND CHINOOK NUMBERS ARE DECLINING ACROSS B.C. RESEARCHERRERS SAY THAT CLIMATE CHANGE IS LARGELY TO BLAME. HOTTER OCEAN TEMPERATURES ARE AFFECTING HABITAT AND DISRUPTING THE MARINE FOOD WEB. AND THAT’S BAD NEWS FOR THE B.C. SOUTHERN RESIDENT KILLER WHALES. THEY RELY ON CHINOOK AS THEIR MAIN FOOD SOURCE AND SCIENTISTS ARE WORRIED THEY’RE NOT GETTING THEIR FILL. EARLIER THIS MONTH IT WAS ANNOUNCED THAT THREE MISSING ORCAS ARE PRESUMED DEAD, AT LEAST ONE OF THEM WAS EMACIATED. NOW THERE’S JUST 73 LEFT. SO TONIGHT WE’RE REVISITING A STORY BY BRIAR STEWART ABOUT A CROSS-BORDER PROJECT TO TAG CHINOOK AND TO TRACK THEIR PREY.>>Reporter: IF YOU SPOTTED THE ZEFER TRAWLING OFF THE COAST OF WASHINGTON STATE YOU MIGHT THINK THIS IS ONE OF THE MANY FISHING VESSELS IN THE AREA.>>IT’S GOING TO BE ENOUGH FOR FIVE.>>Reporter: BUT THIS — IS NOT YOUR ORDINARY FISHING TRIP.>>THERE YOU GO. IT’S A PRETTY FISH.>>Reporter: IT MUST BE HARD TO DO IN VERY ROUGH CONDITIONS, RIGHT, ROCKING ALL OVER THE PLACE?>>RIGHT. IT GETS TRICKY WHEN THE WEATHER GETS ROUGHER. IT’S A REALLY NICE CALM DAY FOR SURGERY TODAY.>>Reporter: SALMON SURGERY, THAT IS. THIS TEAM OF U.S. GOVERNMENT SCIENTISTS IS TAGGING CHINOOK. BUT THIS IS NOT JUST ABOUT THE SALMON. THAT’S BECAUSE THE SALMON ARE THE MAIN PREY FOR THE ENDANGERED SOUTHERN RESIDENT KILLER WHALES. THESE ORCAS ONLY HUNT FOR FISH.>>CERTAINLY THERE’S BEEN A TREMENDOUS INTEREST IN THE UNITED STATES AND IN CANADA AS WELL IN THE PLIGHT OF THE SOUTHERN RESIDENT KILLER WHALES. I THINK THAT IT REALLY HAS RAISED AWARENESS OF WHAT MIGHT BE HAPPENING OUT IN THE OCEAN.>>Reporter: ON BOARD THE BOAT ONCE THE SALMON ARE CAUGHT THEY’RE PUT IN A MIXTURE OF CLOVE OIL AND WATER, WHICH ACTS AS AN ANESTHETIC. AND THEN THEY’RE CUT OPEN AND AN ACOUSTIC TAG IS INSERTED INTO THEIR ABDOMEN. AFTERWARDS THEY’RE STITCHED BACK UP AND THEN MOVED INTO THE RECOVERY UNIT, BASICALLY A COOLER WITH OCEAN WATER.>>YOU CAN SEE THEY’RE ALREADY WAKING UP. IT WILL BE ANOTHER MINUTE OR SO AND HE’LL BE UPRIGHT AND LOOKING FEISTY AND WE’LL LET HIM RECOVER A LITTLE BIT LONGER AND THEN RELEASE HIM.>>Reporter: THE TAGS COMMUNICATE WITH RECEIVERS THAT HAVE BEEN PLACED IN THE OCEAN.>>560…>>Reporter: THIS CREW IS HOPING TO TAG 300 JUVENILE CHINOOK AND SIMILAR WORK IS GOING ON OFF THE COAST OF VANCOUVER ISLAND WHERE RESEARCHERS WITH THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA ARE TAGGING 100 ADULT SALMON. IT’S ALL PART OF AN EFFORT TO TRACK THE DWINDLING POPULATION.>>IF WE UNDERSTAND THE MOVEMENT OF THE PREY AND BEHAVIOUR OF THE PREY, WE CAN UNDERSTAND MORE ABOUT WHAT THE KILLER WHALES HAVE TO DO IN ORDER TO FIND THOSE PREY AND WHERE THEY MIGHT BE GOING AND SPENDING THEIR TIME.>>Reporter: A POD OF SEVEN RESIDENTS WAS SPOTTED NEAR TOFINO, B.C., AT THE END OF MAY. AND SCIENTISTS WERE OVERJOYED WHEN A NEW CALF WAS SWIMMING ALONGSIDE THEM. JUST LAST YEAR ANOTHER IMAGE CAUSED DISMAY. THIS MOTHER CARRIED AROUND HER DEAD CALF FOR 17 DAYS IN AN APPARENT ACT OF GRIEF. THEY’RE NORMALLY HERE THROUGHOUT JUNE BUT THEY AREN’T AROUND THIS YEAR. WOW, AREN’T THESE GUYS BEAUTIFUL! SO IT’S THE TRANSIENT KILLER WHALES THAT HAVE BEEN DELIGHTING THE TOURISTS IN THE WATERS BETWEEN VANCOUVER AND VICTORIA. THEY’RE A DIFFERENT TYPE OF ORCA.>>WHAT A NICE BIG LINE OF WHALES!>>Reporter: THEY’RE THRIVING BECAUSE UNLIKE THE RESIDENT ORCAS –>>A WHOLE GROUP OF THEM.>>Reporter: THEY WILL HAPPILY MUNCH ON ONE OF THE MANY SEALS IN THE AREA.>>BY NOW I’M QUITE SURE THEY HAVE HAD SOMETHING TO EAT.>>Reporter: MARINE NATURALIST JOAN LÓPEZ EXPLAINS TO THOSE ON BOARD THIS WHALE WATCHING BOAT WHY THEY’RE NOT LIKELY TO SEE THE ENDANGERED ORCAS THIS TIME OF YEAR.>>I USUALLY TELL THEM THAT THEY JUST HAVEN’T BEEN SEEN IN THE AREA FOR A LONG TIME. AND WE BELIEVE THAT IS BECAUSE THERE CURRENTLY AREN’T ENOUGH CHINOOK SALMON RETURNING TO THE RIVER AREA. SO THEY HAVE TO BE SOMEWHERE ELSE TO GET FOOD. WHEN YOU’VE GOT KIDS TO FEED, WITH YOU’VE GOT YOUNGSTERS, YOU BETTER GO WHERE THERE’S FOOD IN THE CUPBOARD.>>Reporter: BECAUSE THERE HAVE BEEN SO FEW SIGHTINGS OF THEM, IT’S MEANT THAT RESEARCHERS WHO HAVE BEEN TRACKING THE SOUTHERN RESIDENTS FOR YEARS HAD TO DELAY THEIR STUDIES THIS SEASON.>>SO THE DOG IS AT THE FRONT OF THE BOAT.>>Reporter: DEBORAH GILLES HAS SPENT THE LAST 10 SUMMERS IN A BOAT ON THE SALISH SEA. SHE’S PART OF A TEAM THAT HAS TRAINED DOGS TO SNIFF OUT, WELL, WHALE POOP. SHE RECALLS ONE OF HER BEST FINDS.>>IT WAS JUST A BEAUTIFUL SAMPLE, HUGE AND FATTY RICH, IT WAS GORGEOUS.>>Reporter: NOT TOO MANY PEOPLE DESCRIBE FECAL SAMPLES THAT WAY, BUT I GUESS IF YOU’RE PASSIONATE ABOUT IT.>>AFTER YOU KNOW THAT KIND OF INFORMATION THAT YOU CAN GET FROM A SAMPLE LIKE THAT, IT’S LIKE GOLD, IT REALLY IS LIKE GOLD.>>Reporter: SHE AND A TEAM ANALYSE THE FECAL SAMPLES TO LEARN ABOUT THE WHALES’ HEALTH. THEY CAN TELL WHETHER THEY WERE PREGNANT AND IF THEY’RE GETTING PROPER NUTRITION.>>THE WHALES ARE IN A FAMINE AND DEEPER FAMINE. THESE WHALES ARE NOT GETTING ENOUGH TO EAT AT ANY TIME IN THE YEAR.>>Reporter: THIS SPRING THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT PUT IN PLACE MORE RESTRICTIONS TO LIMIT THE COMMERCIAL AND RECREATIONAL FISHING IN B.C. MORE THAN 100 GATHERED TO PROTEST, CALLING THE MOVE “POLITICAL,” BUT GILLES COMPLETELY DISAGREES.>>I’VE HEARD THINGS LIKE, WELL, THEY’RE EATING OUR FISH. AND MY REPLY TO THEM IS, NO, TECHNICALLY WE’RE EATING THEIR FISH. THEY WERE HERE FIRST. THEY EVOLVED HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF YEARS AGO TO EAT CHINOOK SALMON. WE ARE THE ONES EATING THEIR FISH.>>Reporter: BACK ON THE ZEFER, THE SCIENTISTS ARE HOPING THAT THE TAGGING PROJECTS GIVE THEM A SENSE OF THE CHINOOKS’ BEHAVIOUR, HOW DEEP THEY TRAVEL AND WHERE THEY GO. THEY HOPE THAT THE DATA CAN HELP TO SHAPE FUTURE POLICY WHEN IT COMES TO PROTECTING THE CHINOOK.>>I THINK THAT SOME POPULATIONS OF SALMON ARE REALLY AT RISK. I DO WORRY, YOU KNOW, 20 YEARS FROM NOW WHAT THE POPULATIONS WILL STILL BE AROUND AND WHICH ONES WON’T. THERE HE GOES.>>Reporter: AND HE WORRIES WHAT THE CHINOOK’S FATE WILL MEAN FOR THE ORCAS WHOSE SURVIVAL DEPENDS ON THEM. BRIAR STEWART, CBC NEWS, OFF THE COAST OF WASHINGTON STATE.>>Ian: SINCE THAT STORY AIRED AT THE BEGINNING OF JULY, THE TEAM AT NOAA SAY THEY HAVE TAGGED 200 SALMON. IN TWO WEEKS THEY EXPECT TO GET A FIRST GLIMPSE OF WHERE THE SALMON ARE.>>>JUST AHEAD…>>>THE WOMAN WHO REALLY, REALLY WANTED TO BECOME A U.S. CITIZEN. OUR “MOMENT” IS ON THE WAY.>>WELL, RIGHT BEFORE THE CEREMONY I WAS APPROACHED AND SAID, WELL, WE HAVE A SPECIAL SITUATION HERE.>>Ian: PROTECTING HER RIGHT TO BEAR ARMS AND A BABY. BUT FIRST… (*)>>>”IN CASE YOU MISSED IT,” A ROOKIE NFL ER HAD GOOD-NATURED RIDICULE WITH HIS ERROR IN CANADIAN GEOGRAPHY. TODAY WINNIPEG HOSTED THE GREEN BAY PACKERS AND THE OAKLAND RAIDERS.>>RAIDERS!>>Ian: THE RAIDERS TRIED TO SHOW LOVE FOR THEIR HOST CITY BUT A.J. COLES’ SHIRT PLACED WINNIPEG IN ALBERTA. ONLINE SCORN WAS SWIFT, AS WAS COLE’S HUMBLE RESPONSE. “APOLOGIES TO THE CITIZENS OF WINNIPEG, MANITOBA… JUST A KID FROM ATLANTA, FLORIDA, PLAYING FOOTBALL IN OAKLAND, NEVADA, WITH A LOW GEOGRAPHY I.Q..” “DON’T WORRY ABOUT IT, BUD, SAID ONE WINNIPEGGER. I GOT ANOTHER SHIRT FOR YOU IF YOU NEED TO BORROW ONE.” AT THE TAILGATE PARTY CANADIANS WERE MOSTLY FORGIVEN.>>I TRY TO NOT PUT TOO MUCH INTO HERE. HE PROBABLY DIDN’T EVEN MAKE THE T-SHIRT THAT WAS ON INSTAGRAM.>>Ian: IN FACT HE BOUGHT IT ON AMAZON.>>IT’S INDICATIVE WHAT THEY TALK ABOUT IN THE STATES AND THEY REALLY DON’T KNOW THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN WINNIPEG AND ALBERTA AND B.C. AND>>Ian: IT WAS SUPPOSED TO BE JUST ANOTHER U.S. NATURALIZATION CEREMONY AT ANOTHER CONVENTION CENTRE. AND THEN SOMEONE SAID THE WORDS “A LADY HAS JUST GONE INTO LABOUR.” NO, THE JUDGE DIDN’T HAVE TO DELIVER THE BABY BUT THE MOTHER WAS REFUSING TO LEAVE UNTIL SHE WAS SWORN IN AS A U.S. CITIZEN. SO PLANS HAD TO BE JUGGLED, AND THE JUDGE HAD TO IMPROVISE. AND THE RESULT IS OUR “MOMENT.”>>AS REQUIRED BY THE LAW…>>AS REQUIRED BY THE LAW…>>RIGHT BEFORE THE CEREMONY I WAS APPROACHED AND SAID, WELL, WE HAVE A SPECIAL SITUATION HERE. I SAID, OH, WHAT WAS THAT SITUATION?>>I’M 37 WEEKS PREGNANT. AND I STARTED GETTING CONTRACTIONS AS I WAS WALKING TO THE CEREMONY.>>SHE REFUSES TO GO TO THE HOSPITAL BEFORE SHE GETS SWORN IN. [laughter] IT MADE ME NERVOUS BECAUSE I DON’T KNOW HOW TO DELIVER A BABY.>>THE IMMIGRATION LAWS ARE UNDER ATTACK AND THAT’S WHY I APPLIED FOR CITIZENSHIP CEREMONY. WE DON’T LEAVE HOME FOR ANY REASON, YOU COME FOR A BETTER OPPORTUNITY. AND I REALLY HOPE THAT EVERYONE THAT COMES HERE AND TRYING FOR A BETTER LIFE GETS THAT OPPORTUNITY. BECAUSE THIS IS THE LAND OF DREAMS, RIGHT?>>Ian: SO THAT WOMAN ONLY WANTS HER FIRST NAME USED, TATIA, SO THE THING IS THAT HER CHILD WOULD BE A U.S. CITIZEN UNDER THE SO-CALLED BIRTHRIGHT RULES. BUT IN CASE THOSE RULES CHANGE, SHE WANTED TO MAKE SURE THAT THE BABY’S MOTHER, THAT SHE, WOULD BE AN AMERICAN CITIZEN. THAT’S WHY SHE DID THAT. THERE WERE 3,200 PEOPLE BEING SWORN IN AS CITIZENS THAT DAY SO THAT’S ONE WAY TO GET TO THE FRONT OF THE LINE.>>>THAT IS “THE NATIONAL” FOR THIS THURSDAY, AUGUST 22nd. GOODNIGHT. (*)

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