The National for Monday, August 14, 2017


(♪♪♪)>>Heather: GOOD EVENING, I’M HEATHER HISCOX, AND THIS IS “THE NATIONAL.”>>President Donald Trump: RACISM IS EVIL.>>Heather: THE PRESIDENT FINALLY CALLS OUT THE HATE GROUPS BEHIND SATURDAY’S DEADLY RALLY BUT IT HASN’T COOLED DOWN THE TEMPERATURE.>>NAZIS, GO HOME! NAZIS, GO HOME!>>Heather: CANADA LAYING OUT ITS PRIORITIES FOR THE UPCOMING NAFTA NEGOTIATIONS. LEFT THE TOUGH TALKING BEGIN.>>>A NEW STUDY REVEALS THE PROFOUND LASTING EFFECTS OF HUNGER AT CANADA’S RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS. PLUS…>>Interview: THIS IS AN HISTORIC EVENT.>>Heather: CALGARY’S SHINY NEW INTERCHANGE. BEHOLD, THE DIVERGING DIAMOND. (♪♪♪)>>>THE SEETHING ANGER AND THE DEEP DIVIDE OF DONALD TRUMP’S AMERICA WAS ON FULL DISPLAY IN VIRGINIA AGAIN TODAY. DESPITE A NEW CALL FOR PEACE FROM THE U.S. PRESIDENT. AFTER TWO DAYS OF PRESSURE FROM FRIENDS AND FOES ALIKE, TRUMP FINALLY NAMED AND CONDEMNED THE WHITE SUPREMIST GROUPS THAT BROUGHT HATE AND VIOLENCE TO THE STREETS OF CHARLOTTESVILLE AND TO THE FOREFRONT OF AMERICAN DISCOURSE. BUT FOR SOME IT WAS TOO LITTLE, TOO LATE. AND NOW THEY’RE TAKING THE FIGHT AGAINST RACISM INTO THEIR OWN HANDS. PAUL HUNTER HAS OUR STORY.>>Reporter: YET AGAIN IN CHARLOTTESVILLE, VIRGINIA, TODAY, FURY FROM BOTH SIDES.>>WE KILLED NOBODY YESTERDAY! THAT BOY WAS SCARED SHITLESS BY YOUR MOB!>>Reporter: WHITE NATIONALISTS, BERATING REPORTERS AND PASSERSBY OUTSIDE OF THE COURTHOUSE WHERE INSIDE A BAIL HEARING FOR JAMES FIELDS WAS UNDERWAY, FACING, AMONG OTHER CHARGE, MURDER IN THE DEATH OF HEATHER HEYER WHO HAD BEEN AT AN ANTI-WHITE SUPREMACY MARCH ON SATURDAY WHEN THAT CAR PLOWED INTO THE CROWD, KILLING HER AND INJURING NEARLY TWO DOZEN.>>YOU ARE BADLY HURT, OH, MY eporter: THE COUNTER PROTESTS HAD FOLLOWED A WHITE NATIONALIST RALLY EARLIER THAT DAY AND A TORCH MARCH, SEEMINGLY OUT OF ANOTHER TIME, BY THE SAME WHITE NATIONALISTS THE NIGHT BEFORE. TODAY THOSE BACKING FIELDS MADE NO APOLOGY FOR ANY OF IT.>>Reporter: DO YOU HAVE ANY ACCOUNTABILITY FOR THIS DEATH AT ALL?>>NOT AT ALL!>>Reporter: ESCORTED AWAY UNDER RELENTLESS, ANGRY CHANTING.>>NAZIS, GO HOME! NAZIS, GO HOME!>>Reporter: FIELDS, BY THE WAY, WAS DENIED BAIL. MEANWHILE SOCIAL MEDIA HAS JUMPED INTO THE FRAY, ALL THOSE IMAGES FROM FRIDAY AND SATURDAY HAVE TAKEN FRESH PURPOSE ONLINE. THE TWITTER ACCOUNT, YES YOU’RE RACIST AND THE #GOODNIGHTALTS CAN RIGHT ARE CROWDSOURCING AMONG THOSE PICTURED MARCHING IN THE NAME OF WHITE SUPREMACY AND ONE BY ONE, THEY’RE BEING IDENTIFIED. OUTED. HELD TO ACCOUNT. THAT AS A WHITE NATIONALIST WEBSITE THAT HAD MOCKED HEATHER HEYER AFTER HER DEATH HAS NOW BEEN BLOCKED BY THE WEB HOSTING SITE GO DADDY AND REPORTEDLY GOOGLE. THEN THERE’S PRESIDENT TRUMP, SCORNED FOR AN INITIAL VAGUE REBUKE OF THE BIGOTRY PLACING BLAME ON –>>President Donald Trump: ON MANY SIDES, ON MANY SIDES.>>Reporter: TODAY IN PROTEST, THE C.E.O. OF A GIANT PHARMACEUTICAL COMPANY QUIT AN ADVISORY PANEL LED BY TRUMP. SAID THE C.E.O., HE’S TAKING A STAND AGAINST INTOLERANCE. TRUMP’S IMMEDIATE RESPONSE? SLAMMING THE C.E.O. IN CAPS FOR HIS, QUOTE “RIPOFF DRUG PRICES.” A FASTER, MORE FORCEFUL RESPONSE, NOTED CRITICS, THAN TRUMP’S FIRST COMMENTS ON THE HATE IN CHARLOTTESVILLE. THEN UNDER PRESSURE TO SPEAK OUT AGAINST WHITE SUPREMACIST, TRUMP IN PREPARED COMMENTS TODAY OFFERED THIS…>>President Donald Trump: RACISM IS EVIL AND THOSE WHO CAUSE VIOLENCE IN ITS NAME ARE CRIMINALS AND THUGS. INCLUDING THE K.K.K., NEO-NAZIS, WHITE SUPREMACIST, AND OTHER HATE GROUPS THAT ARE REPUGNANT TO EVERYTHING THAT WE HOLD DEAR AS AMERICANS.>>Reporter: IS THAT ENOUGH FOR THOSE WHO HAVE LONG SAID THAT TRUMP IS SOFT ON NEO-NAZIS AND WHITE SUPREMACIST? MORE THAN A FEW TRUMP CRITICS WERE QUICK TO NOTE TODAY THAT EVEN WITH THOSE WORDS IT SURE TOOK HIM LONG ENOUGH. PAUL HUNTER, CBC NEWS, WASHINGTON.>>Heather: WE WANT TO BRING IN OUR WASHINGTON CORRESPONDENT, KE KEITH BOAG, NOW. AND KEITH HAS BEEN WATCHING THE RISE OF WHITE NATIONALISM IN THE U.S. ALONGSIDE DONALD TRUMP’S RISE TO POWER AND TO SET UP OUR CONVERSATION WE WANT TO SHOW YOU ONE OF THE EXCERPTS FROM A DOCUMENTARY KEITH DID IN 2015. IN THE HAVE EARLY DAYS OF THE CAMPAIGN.>>Reporter: THEY LINE UP IN THOUSANDS. THERE’S QUITE A BIT OF THIS — A LITTLE BIT OF THIS… AND HARDLY ANY OF THIS… BRENDA IS WHAT SOME AMERICANS CONTEMPTUOUSLY CALL A BIRTHRIGHT CITIZEN. SHE’S HERE TO OFFER A LITTLE RESISTANCE TO TRUMP’S IDEAS ABOUT IMMIGRATION.>>Interview: MR. TRUMP IS STANDING UP FOR WHAT HE BELIEVES IN SO, YOU KNOW, THAT’S FINE, HE CAN BELIEVE WHAT HE BELIEVES IN, BUT I ALSO DO BELIEVE IN WHAT I BELIEVE IN.>>Reporter: IN HIS HEAD TRUMP IS A REAL ESTATE GUY BUT IN HIS HEART HE KNOWS THAT THERE’S REALLY NO BUSINESS LIKE SHOW BUSINESS. HE NAILS THE ENTRANCE, SPEAKS WITHOUT NOTES, LEADS HIS AUDIENCE LIKE IT’S A TRAFFIC LIGHT STUCK PERMANENTLY ON GREEN.>>WE’RE GOING TO BUILD THE WALL, BELIEVE ME, WE’RE GOING TO BUILD THE WALL! [Cheers and Applause]>>Reporter: AT THIS POINT IT STARTS GETTING ROUGH AROUND WHERE BRENDA IS. SHE AND SOME FRIENDS HAVE STARTED HECKLING TRUMP AND WAVING ANTI-TRUMP FLAGS.>>THEY’RE GOING WILD, THE CAMERAS, IT’S SO DISGUSTING.>>Reporter: TRUMP MOCKS THE MEDIA FOR PAYING ATTENTION BUT IT’S TRUMP SUPPORTERS GETTING ATTENTION. THEY ARE PUSHING PEOPLE AROUND.>>BOO!>>Reporter: A NASTY BIT OF REALITY TV BREAKS OUT.>>GO BACK FROM WHERE YOU CAME FROM IF YOU GOT HERE ILLEGALLY.>>OFF OF ME!>>Reporter: ITENS GROTESQUELY.>>WHITE POWER! ALWAYS HAS BEEN ALWAYS WILL BE!>>Heather: SO AGAIN THAT IS FROM A DOCUMENTARY KEITH PUT TOGETHER EVEN BEFORE THE PRIMARIES. AND, KEITH, GIVEN WHAT YOU CAPTURED IN THAT DOCUMENTARY, WHAT YOU HAVE COVERED DURING THE CAMPAIGN, I SUSPECT THAT WHAT HAPPENED IN CHARLOTTESVILLE WASN’T A SURPRISE TO YOU?>>Reporter: NO, IT WASN’T, HEATHER. I SAY THAT I WAS SHOCKED BY IT BUT NOT SURPRISED. NOT SURPRISED BECAUSE I THINK THAT IT WAS KIND OF INEVITABLE. IN THE COURSE OF DOING THAT DOCUMENTARY WE ALSO WANTED TO FIND OUT WHY WHITE NATIONALIST GROUPS AND NAZIS, NEO-NAZIS GROUPS AND FASCISTS WERE SUPPORTING DONALD TRUMP AND WE SPOKE TO THEM AND THEY WERE QUITE EXPLICIT THE ONES THAT WE SPOKE TO THAT THEY THOUGHT THAT TRUMP WAS GIVING THEM POLITICAL COVER FOR THEIR IDEAS. AND THEY WERE ABLE TO SAY TO MAINSTREAM AUDIENCES IN THE PUBLIC SQUARE WHAT WE’RE SAYING IS NOT SO RADICAL, LOOK, DONALD TRUMP SAYS THOSE KIND OF THINGS AS WELL. I THINK WHAT YOU’RE SEEING NOW IS THE INEVITABLE FALLOUT FOR THAT AND THEY BELIEVE THEY HAVE A MESSAGE TO EXPOUND IN THE PUBLIC SQUARE AND THEY’RE SEIZING THE OPPORTUNITY TO DO THAT.>>Heather: TODAY DONALD TRUMP FINALLY DISAVOWED THOSE DARK FORCES, CONDEMNED THE K.K.K., NEO-NAZIS AND WHITE SUPREMACIST BY NAME, KEITH, AS REPUGNANT. BUT IT’S TWO DAYS AFTER THE CLASHES SO AT THIS POINT WHAT WILL THE WORDS CHANGE, IF ANYTHING?>>Reporter: PEOPLE CAN BECOME AWARE OF THE DANGERS AND THE THREATS HAPPENING IN THE COUNTRY THAT COULD HAPPEN IN THEIR CITY, IN THEIR TOWN, BUT I DON’T THINK THAT WE’RE AT A POINT WHERE YOU CAN SAY THAT WHETHER DONALD TRUMP SAYS IT OR SOMEONE ELSE SAYS IT, THAT THE RACISM THAT IT IS IS TURNING IT BACK. BUT THESE PEOPLE HAVE SEEN AN OPPORTUNITY AND THEY’VE SEEN IT IN DONALD TRUMP. AS I SAY TO BRING THEIR IDEAS INTO THE POLITICAL MAINSTREAM. THEY WANT TO INCITE VIOLENCE AND THEY WANT TO INCITE VIOLENCE AGAINST THEMSELVES, IN FACT AND THEY WANT TO DO THAT BECAUSE THEY WANT TO DO THAT BECAUSE THEY WANT TO PROVOKE A RACE WAR AND THEY WANT TO RADICALIZE PEOPLE, RADICALIZE WHITE PEOPLE, TO SEE THEMSELVES AS VICTIMS. THEY BELIEVE THEY HAVE COME CLOSER TO THAT GOAL AT THIS TIME THAN THEY HAVE EVER BEFORE AND THEY’RE NOT GOING TO GIVE UP AND WE’RE GOING TO BE SHOCKED BUT NOT SURPRISED AGAIN.>>Heather: KEITH, THANK YOU, AS ALWAYS. KEITH BOAG IN WASHINGTON.>>>PROVOCATION CONTINUES TO BE SUCCESSFUL. TONIGHT THE C.E.O. OF UNDER ARMOR JOINED HIS COUNTERPART FROM MERCK AND RESIGNED FROM TRUMP’S COUNCIL. AND IN DURHAM, NORTH CAROLINA THIS HAPPENED… ANTI-RACISM ACTIVISTS TOPPLED THE STATUE OF A CONFEDERATE SOLDIER TO THE DELIGHT OF SUPPORTERS AND SOME STOMPED ON THE CRUMP BELLED HEAP. THE PLAN TO HAVE IT REMOVED IS WHAT LED TO THE WHITE SUPREMIST RALLY AND THE WEEKEND’S VIOLENCE.>>>IF YOU THOUGHT THAT THE KIND OF RACISM SEEN IN CHARLOTTESVILLE WAS JUST AN AMERICAN PROBLEM, THINK AGAIN. THERE’S WHITE SUPREMEISTS IN THIS COUNTRY TOO AND REEMERGING FROM THE SHADOWS DESPITE VOCAL OPPOSITION. RON CHARLES HAS THAT STORY.>>RACISM HAS NO PLACE HERE, NO HATRED, NO FEAR!>>Reporter: THEY GATHERED OUTSIDE OF THE U.S. CONSULATE IN TORONTO BUT THEIR MESSAGE WAS FOR CANADIAN HATE GROUPS.>>Interview: WE ARE SEEING THESE FAR RIGHT FORMATIONS TAKE PLACE IN CANADA, MAYBE NOT AS — AS ADVANCED YET, BUT WE HAVE TO SHOW VERY CLEARLY THAT WE WON’T ACCEPT THAT HERE.>>Reporter: IN FACT, CANADA HAS A LONG HISTORY OF FAR-RIGHT NEO-NAZI AND WHITE SUPREMIST ORGINISATIONS. BACK IN THE EARLY 1990s, C.S.I.S. INFILTRATED ONE GROUP CALLED “THE HERITAGE FRONT,” EXPOSING SOME MEMBERS WHO ALLEGEDLY DISCUSSED ATTACKING THE OFFICES OF THE CANADIAN JEWISH CONGRESS AND EVEN KILLING ITS C.E.O., A LONG TIME TRACKER AND CRITIC OF THE NEO-NAZI MOVEMENT.>>Interview: LET’S CALL THEM FOR WHAT THEY ARE…>>Reporter: THAT WAS BERNIE BARBER WHO NOW HEADS A GROUP PROMOTING WORLDWIDE RACIAL HARMONY. HE SAYS AFTER TWO DECADES OF RELATIVE CALM ON THE FAR RIGHT THE ELECTION OF DONALD TRUMP SEEMS TO HAVE CHANGED THINGS, EVEN NORTH OF THE BORDER.>>Interview: IT’S GIVEN PERMISSION IN THE UNITED STATES AND RIGHT HERE IN CANADA TO PICK THEMSELVES UP OUT OF THE DUMP HEAP, AND DUST THEMSELVES OFF AND CONTINUE ABOUT THEIR HATEFUL BUSINESS.>>Reporter: THE PROUD BOYS ARE FOUNDED IN THE U.S. BY A CANADIAN.>>Interview: IT MIGHT HAVE BEEN HIM…>>Interview: NO CANADIAN I.D.?>>Reporter: IT’S KNOWN FOR THIS CONFRONTATION WHERE THEY DISRUPTED AN INDIGENOUS DIAGRAM. EVEN WITH THE RISE OF THE NEW FAR RIGHT IN CANADA, SOME HATE CRIMES EXPERTS POINT TO DIFFERENCES FROM THE U.S.>>Interview: THE MOOD IS MUTED HERE AND WE HAVE DIFFERENT HISTORIES OF RACISM THAT ACCOUNT FOR THAT AND WE HAVE DIFFERENT HISTORIES OF, YOU KNOW, BEING ARMED. WE SAW SO MANY OF THE ACTIVISTS THAT WERE HEAVILY, HEAVILY ARMED LAST WEEK IN VIRGINIA. WE WON’T SEE THAT HERE.>>Reporter: STILL, EXPERTS SAY THAT CANADIANS SHOULD BE PREPARED TO SEE SOME VIOLENCE AS EMBOLDENED HATE GROUPS TAKE TO THE STREETS MORE AND MORE AND THEY’RE COUNTERED BY ANTI-RACISM DEMONSTRATORS. RON CHARLES, CBC NEWS, TORONTO.>>Heather: AN ONTARIO WOMAN AND A QUÉBEC MAN HAVE BEEN IDENTIFIED AS THE TWO CANADIANS AMONG 18 PEOPLE KILLED IN A SUSPECTED EXTREMIST ATTACK IN BURKINA FASO. TAMMY CHEN, A FORMER TEACHER FROM TORONTO, AND BILEL DIFFALAH DIED. GUNMEN STORMED A POPULAR RESTAURANT LAST NIGHT AND STARTED SHOOTING, SEEMINGLY AT RANDOM. THE SIEGE LASTED NEARLY SEVEN HOURS BEFORE SPECIAL FORCES KILLED TWO ATTACKERS. AT LEAST EIGHT FOREIGNERS WERE AMONG THE VICTIMS. (♪♪♪)>>>COMING UP… MASS TOURISM HAS STARTED TO ARRIVE IN CANADA’S ARCTIC, BUT THE PROMISE OF ADVENTURE COMES WITH RISKS.>>Interview: A SINGLE SEARCH AND RESCUE HELICOPTER CAN’T RESCUE 1,500 OR 2,000 PEOPLE.>>Heather: PLUS, TAKING BACK SECULARISM IN TURKEY.>>Interview: WE’RE GOING TO MAKE OUR OWN DECISIONS.>>Heather: WOMEN CONFRONT THE GROWING ANGER OVER WHAT THEY WEAR.>>>MUDSLIDES AND HEAVY FLOODING IN SIERRA LEONE HAVE KILLED AT LEAST 250 PEOPLE. MANY MORE ARE BELIEVED TO BE BURIED UNDER TONNES OF MUD, ADDING TO THE FEARS THAT THE NUMBER OF DEAD WILL RISE. FAMILIES WERE ASLEEP WHEN THEIR HOMES WERE INUNDATED. THE MILITARY HAS BEEN CALLED IN TO HELP WITH THE RESCUE OPERATION.>>>FLOODS AND LANDSLIDES ARE ALSO BLAMED FOR MORE THAN 170 DEATHS IN PARTS OF SOUTH ASIA. MILLIONS HAVE BEEN DISPLACED ACROSS NORTHERN INDIA, NEPAL, AND BANGLADESH. FLASH FLOODS ARE POSING A DANGER IN MANY AREAS AND EVEN MORE RAIN IS IN THE FORECAST.>>>OTTAWA IS WARNING THAT THINGS COULD GET UGLY DURING THE OPENING ROUNDS OF TALKS TO RENEGOTIATE NAFTA. DRAMA ASIDE, GOVERNMENT HAS A LIST OF PRIORITIES IT WANTS TO ADDRESS. IT INCLUDES HIGHER LABOUR STANDARDS AND BETTER ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTIONS AND A NEW CHAPTER PROMOTING GENDER EQUALITY. A PROGRESSIVE VISION. AS KATIE SIMPSON REPORTS, ONE THAT IS ALSO SPARKING CONCERNS.>>Interview: AND THERE MAY BE SOME DRAMATIC MOMENTS AHEAD.>>Reporter: OR, IN OTHER WORDS, CANADA’S FOREIGN AFFAIRS MINISTER WARNS THAT NAFTA TALKS COULD GET UGLY. BUT IN A SPEECH AT THE UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA, CHRYSTIA FREELAND URGED CANADIANS TO SEE PAST THE ANTICIPATED DRAMA AS SHE OUTLINED OTTAWA’S GOALS FOR RENEGOTIATIONS…>>Interview: CANADIANS BROADLY SUPPORT FREE TRADE AS I HAVE ALREADY SAID, BUT THEIR ENTHUSIASM WAIVERS WHEN TRADE AGREEMENTS PUT OUR WORKERS AT AN UNFAIR DISADVANTAGE BECAUSE OF THE HIGH STANDARDS THAT WE RIGHTLY DEMAND.>>Reporter: FREELAND IS CALLING FOR A MORE MODERN, PROGRESSIVE AGREEMENT WHICH INCLUDES IMPROVING LABOUR CONDITIONS AND ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS. CONSIDER FOR GENDER EQUALITY, AND INDIGENOUS RIGHTS. AND PROTECTION FOR GOVERNMENTS FROM CORPORATE LAWSUITS WHEN POLICY NEGATIVELY IMPACTS PROFITS. FREELAND ALSO REPEATED CANADA’S PLEDGE TO SUPPORT THE DAIRY INDUSTRY’S SUPPLY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND NAFTA’S TRADE DISPUTE PROCESS. WHEN PRESENTED TO THE OPPOSITION, THE N.D.P. SEEMED SKEPTICAL ABOUT SOME IDEAS.>>CAN YOU SPEAK TO HOW YOU CAN ENSURE, BE CONFIDENT, THAT YOU CAN EVEN PUT THE WORDS “CLIMATE CHANGE” IN NAST WITH AS A PRESIDENT IN THE U.S. WHO BASICALLY SAYS THAT CLIMATE CHANGE IS A CHINESE HOAX?>>Reporter: FREELAND DOWNPLAYED CONCERNS AND FENDED OFF ATTACKS FROM THE CONSERVATIVES WHO DESCRIBED THE PLAN AS “VAGUE” AND QUESTIONED WHETHER OTTAWA IS PREPARED ENOUGH FOR TALKS.>>Interview: THE FIRST PLINL IS DO NO HARM AND WE DON’T WANT TO COME OUT OF THESE NAFTA NEGOTIATIONS WITH LESS THAN WE HAVE NOW AND THAT’S A BIG CONCERN THAT BUSINESS HAS.>>Interview: YOU CAN’T BE VERY SPECIFIC AT THAT STAGE OF NEGOTIATIONS, ESPECIALLY NOT TIPPING YOUR HANDS.>>Reporter: NAFTA HAS BEEN UPDATED NEARLY A DOZEN TIMES, BUT THERE ARE ADDITIONAL ANXIETIES FOR THIS ROUND OF TALKS BECAUSE OF DONALD TRUMP’S UNPREDICTABILITY.>>Interview: I THINK THAT THE BIGGEST CONCERN FOR CANADA IS WHO IS IT NEGOTIATING WITH TODAY? THERE ARE AT LEAST FOUR DIFFERENT FACTIONS IN THE UNITED STATES WHO FOR SURE STRUGGLING FOR CONTROL OF THE AGENDA ON ANY GIVE DAY.>>Reporter: NOT ONLY HAS DONALD TRUMP CHANGED HIS PERSONAL STANCE ON NAFTA FROM TEAR APART TO TWEET, BUT MEMBERS OF HIS ADMINISTRATION AND EVEN HIS CORE SUPPORTERS ALSO HOLD WILDLY DIFFERENT POSITIONS. THAT COULD INFLUENCE THE U.S. NEGOTIATING TACTICS, DEPENDING WHO THE PRESIDENT IS TRYING TO SATISFY AND, OF COURSE, IT COULD MAKE TALKS MORE DRAMATIC. KATIE SIMPSON, CBC NEWS, OTTAWA.>>Heather: WITH THE UNPREDICTABILITY OF DONALD TRUMP, CANADA’S AGENDA SEEMS BOUND TO HIT SOME TURBULENCE WHEN THE TALKS GET UNDERWAY. SO JUST WHAT ARE THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION’S PRIORITIES FOR NAFTA?>>President Donald Trump: FROM THIS DAY FORWARD IT’S GOING TO BE ONLY AMERICA FIRST, AMERICA FIRST. [Applause]>>Heather: AT THE TOP OF THE LIST IS PUTTING “AMERICA FIRST” WITH A BIG REDUCTION IN THE TRADE DEFICIT. IN OTHER WORDS, THE UNITED STATES WANTS TO SELL MORE THAN IT BUYS. OTHER KEY PRIORITIES FOR WASHINGTON, STRONGER PROTECTION FOR U.S. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND THE ELIMINATION OF NAFTA’S CURRENT DISPUTE SETTLEMENT MECHANISM. TRUMP SAYS THEY FAVOUR MEXICO AND CANADA IN PAST RULINGS. AS FOR MEXICO, IT WANTS TO MODERNIZE THE 23-YEAR-OLD AGREEMENT TO INCORPORATE ENERGY, e-COMMERCE AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND THOSE ARE SECTORS THAT WERE LEFT OUT OF THE ORIGINAL AGREEMENT.>>>SMOKE FROM THE ONGOING WILDFIRES IN B.C. IS BLOWING INTO ALBERTA AGAIN AND CAUSING HEALTH CONCERNS. PEOPLE IN CALGARY WOKE UP TO A ESPECIALLY SPECIAL ALERT FROM ENVIRONMENT CANADA THIS MORNING ABOUT POOR AIR QUALITY. PEOPLE WERE WARNED THAT AIR COULD CAUSE COUGHING OR THROAT IRRITATION. CONDITIONS IMPROVED THROUGHOUT THE DAY BUT SMOKE AND AIR QUALITY ALERTS ARE STILL HANGING OVER MUCH OF CENTRAL AND SOUTHEASTERN ALBERTA.>>>NEW RESEARCH IS REVEALING THE LASTING HEALTH IMPACT OF RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS ON CANADA’S INDIGENOUS PEOPLE. THE HUNGER MANY STUDENTS EXPERIENCED IN CHILDHOOD IS NOW BEING LINKED TO SERIOUS HEALTH PROBLEMS IN ADULTHOOD. KATE KYLE REPORTS.>>Interview: THIS IS A BEAVER HEART…>>Reporter: THE FREEZER IN MYRIEL’S HOME IS ALWAYS STOCKED WITH TRADITIONAL FOOD, NOT THE CASE DURING HER NINE YEARS AT RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL, WHERE THE FOOD WAS FOREIGN, BLAND, AND SCARCE.>>Interview: 365 DAYS A YEAR YOU’RE HUNGRY. WE EAT STEAK FISH, HALF ROTTEN. WE CAN’T EAT THAT, AND THEY KEEP THE PLATE FOR YOU THE NEXT MORNING.>>Reporter: RESEARCHES FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO SAY THAT HUNGER WAS WIDE SPREAD AND THEY POINT TO A LACK OF GOVERNMENT FUNDING PAIRED WITH POOR FACILITIES AND UNTRAINED KITCHEN STAFF. TESTIMONY FROM FORMER STUDENTS AT THE TRUTH AND RECONCILIATION COMMISSION’S HEARINGS PAINT A GRIM PICTURE.>>Interview: RARELY BEING FED MEAT, FOR INSTANCE, OR WHEN THEY WERE FED MEAT IT WAS OFTEN SPOILED MEAT, ROTTEN MEAT, AND SURVIVORS DESCRIBE RARELY EATING FRESH FRUIT AND VEGETABLES.>>Reporter: BASED ON WHAT STUDENTS SAID THEY ATE, RESEARCHERS ESTIMATE THAT MANY CHILDREN ATE BETWEEN 1,000 TO 1,400 A DAY, AND THE NORMAL RANGE IS STARTING AT 1,400. THEY FOUND SIMILAR CALORIC INTAKE LED TO STUNTED GRO EGHT AND DEVELOPING TYPE 2 DIABETES AND HEART DISEASE AND POOR PREGNANCY OUTCOMES.>>Interview: THERE WERE SPECIFIC GOVERNMENT POLICIES THAT PRODUCED MANY OF THE HEALTH OUTCOMES THAT WE SEE NOW IN INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES.>>Interview: I DON’T REMEMBER VEGETABLES AND I DON’T REMEMBER FRUITS.>>Reporter: PAUL ANDREW DOESN’T REMEMBER BEING HUNGRY IN RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL BUT PRESSURE TO EAT WHAT WAS ON HIS PLATE HAS BEEN WITH HIM AND HE STRUGGLED TO KEEP A HEALTHY WEIGHT.>>Interview: EVEN TO THIS DAY I FIND IF I GO TO A RESTAURANT AND I GET A BIG MEAL THERE’S A SENSE THAT YOU HAVE TO EAT EVERYTHING. THE SENSE OF GUILT.>>Reporter: THE RESEARCHERS ARE CALLING ON PHYSICIANS TO ASK FORMER RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL STUDENTS ABOUT THEIR EXPERIENCES DURING CHECKUPS AND THEY’RE ALSO WELL AWARE THAT MANY INDIGENOUS CHILDREN FACE HIGH LEVELS OF FOOD INSECURITY TODAY. THAT IN TURN COULD HAVE LIFE-LONG CONSEQUENCES. KATE KYLE, CBC NEWS, YELLOWKNIFE.>>Heather: AND ANOTHER STUDY OUT TODAY IN THE CANADIAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION JOURNAL SAYS THAT THERE’S BEEN A BIG INCREASE IN H.P.V. RELATED ORAL CANCERS IN CANADA. RESEARCHERS SAY THAT NEW CASES OF THROAT AND MOUTH CANCER CAUSED BY THE HUMAN PAPILOMAVIRUS INCREASED BY ABOUT 50% BETWEEN THE YEARS 2000 AND 2012. THEY SAY THAT H.P.V. IS NOW KNOWN TO BE THE CAUSE OF THREE-QUARTERS OF ALL ORAL CANCER IN THIS COUNTRY AND MOST CASES ARE IN MEN. IT’S THE MOST COMMON SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTION IN THE WORLD.>>>COMING UP… IT’S NOT EVERY DAY THAT THE OPENING OF A TRAFFIC INTERCHANGE MAKES HEADLINES BUT CANADA HAS NEVER HAD ONE LIKE THIS. YOU’LL SEE IT RIGHT AFTER T ♪ [theme] Hi there and welcome to another
edition of Youth Sixty. You know, one of the best things
that ever happened to us music lovers was the
invention of the phonograph. Through it and the various
developments and improvements in audio
equipment, we’re able not only to hear
the best performers, the greatest music, but we can keep in touch
with the ever-changing musical trends around the world. For instance, everybody
is using the term hi-fi. But many of us,
including me, don’t know what
this really means. We’ve had a
great many letters requesting information
about hi-fi. So as Youth Sixty’s policy
is to program what you want, here with us today to answer
your questions and ours about hi-fi is Mr. George H. Jones, CBC’s
divisional engineer. Welcome to Youth Sixty,
Mr. Jones. Thank you. It seems these days we hear
a great deal about hi-fi but actually, what is it? Well, hi-fi usually is applied
to a piece of furniture that plays back records. So therefore a hi-fi set
is nothing more than
a record player. That’s right. Well it’s certainly come a long
way from the beginning. What was the start? Well we have an early
one here, Penny. This one was built somewhere
in the early 1900s. What about this?
What does it do? Well, to begin
at the beginning, the sound is recorded
on a disc in a great many
small grooves. A needle here
rides in the grooves as the record turns around, and this needle makes
a diaphragm vibrate. This diaphragm creates a sound which comes down here
through the pipe and is amplified as it goes
through this horn and is heard at the other end. Well this isn’t the hi-fi
set we know today, is it? Or is it? No. Here is one.
A modern one of today. This one resembles the old
one in certain respects. It still has a pickup here which, in this case, converts
the sound in the grooves to electrical currents which are passed
through wiring here over to this amplifier. The amplifier
makes them louder and feeds them to the speaker
in the box over there which converts them back
in to sound again. So these
three pieces here compose the hi-fi set
as we know it today. That’s right. And would this piece
of equipment be the trumpet or speaker that
we saw in the old machine? Yes it would. This is the unit
that the sound comes from. ♪ [theme] (♪♪♪)>>Heather: IT’S BEING HAILED AS THE ARCHITECTURAL FUTURE OF HIGH TRAFFIC ROADWAYS AND CALGARY IS THE FIRST CITY IN THE COUNTRY TO TEST DRIVE THE DIVERGING DIAMOND. THE INNOVATIVE DESIGN KEEPS TRAFFIC MOVING AND KICKS DODGY LEFT-HAND TURNS TO THE CURB. CAROLYN DUNN SHOWS US HOW IT WORKS. [Applause]>>Interview: THIS IS AN HISTORIC EVENT. THE BUILDING OF CANADA’S FIRST DIVERGING DIAMOND INTERCHANGE.>>Reporter: KEY WORD “DIVERGING,” A DESIGN THAT PROMOTES THE FREE FLOW OF TRAFFIC. UNDERNEATH THE OVERPASS AND ABOVE. UNLIKE A STANDARD DIAMOND INTERCHANGE, TRAFFIC IS DIVIDED BASED ON DIRECTION. SO LEFT-HAND TRAFFIC IS FUNNELLED TO THE LEFTHAND SIDE OF THE ROAD AND IT CAN TURN ON THE MAJOR THOROUGHFARE WITHOUT WAITING FOR A STOPLIGHT OR ONCOMING TRAFFIC.>>SO IF YOU WANT TO GO NORTH ON MacLEOD TRAIL YOU WOULD SIMPLY STAY IN THE LEFT LANES AND FOLLOW THE SIGNS AND LANE MARKINGS.>>Reporter: THE CITY EXPECTS THE LONG DIVIRPBLGING DIAMOND INTERCHANGE OR D.E.I. TO DRAMATICALLY REDUCE LONG BOTTLENECK QUEUES IN RUSH HOUR THAT COULD ADD 20 MINUTES TO A COMMUTE.>>Interview: THE DELAYS GOING EAST/WEST WILL BE ABOUT HALF OF WHAT THEY’D NORMALLY BE IN A STANDARD INTERCHANGE.>>Reporter: D.E.I.s ARE LAUDED AS A REVOLUTIONARY BREAKTHROUGH IF ROAD ENGINEERING. THE U.S. HAS BUILT MORE THAN 80 AND THERE’S NOW SIX IN THE REST OF THE WORLD, INCLUDING CALGARY. JOHN MORALE WAS TESTED WITH CONDUCTING THE SAFETY AUDITS ON THE PROJECT AND HE SAYS THAT THE U.S. SAFETY STATISTICS ARE CONVINCING.>>Interview: THE SAFELY RECORD IS 40% REDUCTION IN OVERALL CRASHES AND A 75% REDUCTION IN TURNING MOVEMENT CRASHES.>>Reporter: IT’S ONLY BEEN OPEN FOR A DAY SO NATURALLY CALGARY DRIVERS ARE SPLIT.>>Interview: IT’S DEFINITELY THE TRAFFIC FLOW REQUIRES SOMETHING TO BE IMPROVED.>>Interview: I THINK THAT ONE OF THE BIGGEST PROBLEMS THAT THIS CITY HAS IS PEOPLE WHO AREN’T VERY GOOD DRIVERS IN THE FIRST PLACE AND THEN WE GIVE THEM THINGS THAT CONFUSE THEM AND MAKE IT WORSE.>>Reporter: JUST GIVE IT TIME.>>Interview: YOU END UP DRIVING ON THE LEFT SIDE OF THE ROAD SO YOU FEEL THAT YOU’RE IN ENGLAND.>>Reporter: PEOPLE IN REGINA SHOULD PAY CLOSE ATTENTION, THAT CITY’S DIVIRPBLGING DIAMOND INTERCHANGE IS UNDER CONSTRUCTION AND SET TO OPEN TO TRAFFIC NEXT YEAR. CAROLYN DUNN, CBC NEWS, CALGARY.>>Heather: A FEMALE STUNT DRIVER WAS KILLED THIS MORNING IN VANCOUVER WHILE WORKING ON THE SET OF “DEADPOOL 2”. WITNESSES SAY THAT THE WOMAN APPEARED TO LOSE CONTROL OF THE MOTORCYCLE THAT SHE WAS DRIVING AND SMASHED INTO A BUILDING. THE MOVIE’S STAR, VANCOUVER-BORN RYAN REYNOLDS, TWEETED, “THE CREW IS HEARTBROKEN AND SHOCKED AND DEVASTATED.” WORK SAFE B.C. IS INVESTIGATING AND THE NAME OF THE VICTIM IS NOT RELEASED.>>>INUIT GROUPS IN NUNAVUT ARE CELEBRATING A MAJOR VICTORY, THE CREATION OF WHAT COULD BE CANADA’S BIGGEST CONSERVATION AREA EVER. NORTH OF BAFFIN ISLAND IS LANCASTER SOUND WHERE NEARLY 110 SQUARE KILOMETRES OF SEA WATER IS SET TO BECOME A PROTECTED ZONE. IT WILL PRESERVE KEY ECOLOGICAL AND HUNTING RESOURCES, BUT AS NICK MURRAY TELLS US, IT’S NOT ALL SQUARED AWAY JUST YET.>>Reporter: FEDERAL ENVIRONMENT MINISTER CATHERINE McKENNA STOPPED OFF IN POND INLET, NUNAVUT, ABOARD HER VISIT TO THE CANADA SEA 3 VESSEL. UP THE WAY FROM WHERE THE SHIP IS ANCHORED SITS ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT ECOLOGICAL AREAS IN THE WORLD AND INUIT HAVE FOUGHT FOR YEARS TO PROTECT IT. TODAY’S SIGNING MARKED A BIG MILESTONE TOWARDS MAKING THAT HAPPEN.>>Interview: THIS MEANS THAT THERE WILL BE THE AGREEMENT TODAY ENSURES THAT THERE WILL BE NO EXPLORATION WORK OR DEVELOPMENT, INCLUDING SEISMIC ACTIVITY, PERMITTED IN THIS AREA. [Applause]>>Reporter: THE INUKTITUT NAME FOR THE CONSERVATION AREA WILL BE THE BIGGEST CANADA HAS EVER SEEN BY FAR. AT MORE THAN TWICE THE SIZE OF NOVA SCOTIA. LANCASTER SOUND IS HOME TO THOUSANDS OF MARINE MAMMALS AND SEABIRD WHOSE MIGRATE THERE, INCLUDING THREE-QUARTERS OF THE WORLD’S NARWHAL POPULATION AND THAT MAKES IT THE MOST VITAL HUNTING GROUNDS FOR INUIT WHO RELY ON IT FOR THE SKY HIGH PRICES IN THE NORTH. HUNTERS HERE SAY THAT IT’S ABOUT TIME THAT CANADA RECOGNIZES THESE IMPORTANT AREAS.>>Interview: (Voice of Translator): INUIT HAVE KNOWN FOR GENERATIONS THAT THIS AREA HAS BEEN KNOWN FOR HUNTING GROUNDS SO IT’S ABOUT TIME THAT CANADA RECOGNIZES IMPORTANT HUNTING AREAS FOR INUIT MUCH.>>Reporter: IT’S A FIRST STEP FOR THE LIBERAL GOVERNMENT TO FULFILL ITS PROMISE TO PROTECT 10% OF CANADA’S COASTAL MARINE WATERS BY 2020. THIS MARINE CONSERVATION AREA WILL SATISFY 2% OF THAT COMMITMENT. NOW THE NEXT STEP IS TO NEGOTIATE AN IMPACT AND BENEFIT AGREEMENT WITH INUIT IN THE AREA WHO WANT SMALL CRAFT HARBORS AND UPGRADED AIRPORTS. NICK MURRAY, CBC NEWS, POND INLET, NUNAVUT.>>Heather: FEARS ABOUT THE ENVIRONMENT PLAY INTO THIS NEXT STORY TOO AND THAT’S BECAUSE THE FAR NORTH HAS BECOME THE GREATEST PLAYGROUND FOR THE JADED TOURIST.>>Interview: WE SHOULD NOT EXPOSE OUR GUESTS TO SOME OF THE MOST REMOTE PLACES IN THE WORLD?>>Heather: HERE’S THE CRYSTAL SERENITY, WITH 1,600 PEOPLE ON BOARD NEXT ON “THE NATIONAL.”>>>RIGHT NOW LET’S LOOK AT THE DAY’S BUSINESS NUMBERS, T.S.X. ROSE 86 POINTS AND THE DOLLAR DROPPED A 10th OF A CENT. IN NEW YORK THE DOW GAINED 135 POINTS ON THE DAY. AND THE PRICE OF OIL FELL $1. ♪ [theme] Reporter: This is sodium
silicofluoride photographed
in Brantford where fluoridation has been
used since 1945. It is said to be able to reduce
tooth decay by 60 per cent. At this moment almost 32
million people in North America are drinking fluoridated water. Dr. Dunn, is it true or false
that sodium fluoride is a basic ingredient
in rat poison? I think it’s fair to say
that sodium fluoride is contained in a rat poison and
I think it’s also fair to say that it’s contained in tea. There are no deleterious effects to the human being drinking fluoridated water. Reporter: Anne Burton, President
of Ontario Citizen’s
Rights Association has been campaigning against
water fluoridation for over 20 years. I’m just amazed that the general
public can believe that you can treat the human
body through the water supply. Using the water supply as the
vehicle to carry that treatment for a disease like tooth decay which is neither waterborne
nor contagious. Reporter: Water fluoridation
is an issue that’s been debated repeatedly. Some people think it’s time
to take another look at it. What I’m concerned about is
that if we’re using fluoride from so many different sources, we may be overexposing the body
to the amounts of fluoride and eventually ending up,
probably with mottled teeth. Reporter: Those patches
are called fluorosis, a condition that shocks many
parents because of the cause. Too much fluoride when Braeden
was a pre-schooler. We don’t really know just how
much fluoride it takes to cause a little fluorosis. And it’s something we didn’t
really know too much about ten years ago. Reporter: It’s well known
that fluoride helps prevent tooth decay, but there’s a growing awareness
that Canadian children may be getting too much
fluoride from too many sources. Well, it’s like anything.
You can have too much
of a good thing. Fluoridated water still
remains the most equitable, most economic way of
providing a preventive agent for dental care
to the general population. Reporter: Practically all major
health organizations in North America have
endorsed fluoridation as an effective and safe way
to reduce dental decay. ♪ ♪ General Motors
hockey broadcast. [whistle blows] Hello Canada and hockey fans
in the United States. At the time I was doing work as a reporter. Basil Lake, the radio editor
of The Star came up to me and said you have
another job tonight. You’re going to broadcast
the hockey game. Apparently they had canvassed
the entire sports department to get somebody to do it and for some reason or another
no one was available. Announcer:
Hockey Night in Canada! Tonight, Toronto Maple Leafs
and New York Rangers. Play by play by Foster Hewitt. Hewitt: Out at centre, 1-0 for
the Toronto Maple Leafs over the New York Rangers as Nesterenko fires a shot
from well out. I think hockey is the greatest
game there is. It’s basically excitement. There’s bodily contact,
there’s danger. Not to the viewer
but to the participant. But it has about
everything that helps to create
a thrill in the minds of the spectator. Hewitt: Ward in close.
He shoots, he scores! Broadcasting has been my life. It’s given me the opportunity
to travel all over our country and to meet some very
wonderful people. I get a kick out of going
west every year visiting small localities. You meet all types and they speak to you
as if they’ve known you
all their lives. This is a real big thrill and I’ve enjoyed
every minute of it. Hello Canada and hockey fans
in the United States. We’re at the eight minute mark,
there’s no score. There’s a shot, scores! Right in on the net as a drive from the left side
by Nesterenko slid in off Sawchuk’s skate. ♪ [theme]>>Interview: WHEN YOU CANTAKE E THEM TO EXPEDITION, IT’S RARE.>>Heather: SO HERE THEY COME AGAIN. TOMORROW THE GIGANTIC LUXURY LINER CRYSTAL SERENITY IS LEAVING ANCHORAGE, ALASKA, FOR A CRUISE THROUGH THE NORTHWEST PASSAGE, STOPPING IN SOME OF THE MOST REMOTE AND PRISTINE PLACES IN CANADA. SO WHAT HAPPENS WHEN MORE THAN A THOUSAND RICH TOURISTS LAND ON YOUR DOORSTEP? WE WERE IN CAMBRIDGE BAY, NUNAVUT, LAST SUMMER WHEN THE CRYSTAL SERENITY ARRIVED. THE FIRST TEST WHAT SOME FEAR IS THE START OF MASS TOURISM TO ONE OF MOST FRAGILE LANDSCAPES IN THE WORLD. HERE’S CBC’S CHRIS BROWN WITH “BREAKING THE ICE.” (♪♪♪)>>Reporter: ON THE VAST BARREN LANDSCAPE OF NUNAVUT’S VICTORIA ISLAND, THE FINAL DAYS OF SUMMER HAVE ARRIVED.>>DID IT GO IN?>>Reporter: IN THE VILLAGE OF CAMBRIDGE BAY THERE’S A RUSH TO GET READY FOR A BIG VISIT.>>Interview: THERE’S A LOT OF LAST-MINUTE THINGS AND I’M NOT FREAKING OUT OVER IT OR ANYTHING, IT’S JUST STEADY.>>Reporter: VICKY ITOK HAS HER HAND IN A LOT OF WHAT GOING ON IN THE AREA. SHE’S LIVED HERE FOR OVER 20 YEARS. DO YOU EVER TIRE OF THIS LANDSCAPE?>>Interview: NO. I LOVE IT. I ABSOLUTELY LOVE IT. I LOVE THE WATER, I LOVE THE FRESH AIR, THE QUIET.>>Reporter: AMONG THE MANY HATS SHE WEARS IS CRUISE SHIP COORDINATOR, THAT’S RIGHT, CRUISE SHIPS. IN FACT, THIS CRUISE SHIP, THE CRYSTAL SERENITY, IS WHAT THEY’RE PREPARING FOR. THE SERENITY IS THE FIRST FULL-SIZED CRUISE SHIP TO SAIL THE NORTHWEST PASSAGE, NEARLY 70,000 TONNES AND 1600 PASSENGERS AND CREW. CRYSTAL CRUISES STARTED TALKING TO PEOPLE HERE TWO YEARS AGO ABOUT THIS TRIP. WOULD THE CRUISE INDUSTRY BE WELCOME? YOU’RE TRYING TO MAKE IT HAPPEN AND NOT PASSING JUDGMENT ON IT?>>Interview: THAT’S IT EXACTLY. BECAUSE I’M MAKING IT HAPPEN BECAUSE THE COMMUNITY WANTS IT. IF THE COMMUNITY SAYS AFTER THIS BIG ONE IS HERE, NO THANKS, THIS IS MORE THAN WHAT WE WANT, I’M GOING TO FOLLOW THAT AND LISTEN TO THAT.>>Reporter: HELPING HER IS ITI FOR SHOR. YOU WILL SEE HER ALL OVER THE PLACE ON HER A.T.V.>>WELCOME, YOU NEED HELP?>>NO…>>OKAY. WELCOME TO CAMBRIDGE BAY.>>Reporter: THE DAY BEFORE THE BIG SHIP ARRIVED A MUCH SMALLER VESSEL WAS IN TOWN AND SHE WAS ONE OF THE FIRST LOCALS THAT VISITORS MET.>>WE’LL WALK YOU AROUND TOWN AFTER WE START HERE. IT MAKES ME PROUD TO SHOW OFF THIS TOWN FOR OTHER COUNTRIES TO KNOW THAT WE LIVE UP HERE AND WHAT THEY LEARN FROM US IS A GREAT SURPRISE TO SOME OF THEM. (♪♪♪)>>Reporter: WHAT THEY LEARN QUICKLY IS THAT THERE’S FEW LUXURIES HERE. THE HOMES AREN’T FANCY. THEY’RE BUILT TO SURVIVE THE COLD. THERE’S TWO STORES BUT A LOT OF PEOPLE STILL FISH FOR FOOD. TO PREPARE TO LAST OVER THE LONG WINTER. SHIPS FROM THE SOUTH ARRIVE ONCE A YEAR BRINGING SUPPLIES AND NEW VEHICLES. PEOPLE HERE GET USED TO FENDING FOR THEMSELVES. BOYD IS A CARVER.>>Interview: THESE ARE ALL OF MY CARVING TOOLS.>>Reporter: HE PREPARED FOR THE CRUISE SHIP VISIT, BY MAKING BEAUTIFUL ART TO SHARE, HOPING THAT HIS ART WILL IMPRESS THE WEALTHY PEOPLE COMING TO TOWN.>>Interview: AND TO COME TO SEE OUR COMMUNITY AND OUR LOCAL CARVERS. THEY CAN’T BELIEVE THAT WE WOULD PICK UP A PIECE OF ROCK AND JUST CARVE IT.>>Reporter: THE WINDOW TO VISIT CAMBRIDGE BAY BY SHIP IS TIGHT. JUST A COUPLE WEEKS WHEN THE ICE FINALLY MELTS AND BEFORE THE FREEZE-UP STARTS AGAIN. THE ROUTE THAT ONCE PROVED SO IMPASSABLE FOR EARLY EXPLORERS HAS NOW BEEN MAPPED SO THE OBSTACLES IN THE PATH OF THE CRYSTAL SERENITY ARE LARGELY KNOWN, STILL, THERE ARE GAPS IN THE CHARTS AND PARTS OF THE NORTHWEST PASSAGE ARE VERY SHALLOW AND HAZARDOUS. (♪♪♪) THE CRL SERENITY IS 13 DECKS OF LUXURY. WE SPENT A DAY ON BOARD WHEN IT WAS IN VANCOUVER. WHAT THE SHIP DOESN’T HAVE IS THE ABILITY TO CUT THROUGH ICE AND TO HANDLE AN EMERGENCY ALL ON ITS OWN. SO THE COMPANY SAID THAT IT WOULD MAKE THE CRYSTAL SERENITY SELF-SUFFICIENT, AND THAT’S EXPENSIVE. ONE OF THE ONLY CRUISE COMPANIES THAT CAN AFFORD IT, ITS HIGH END LUXURY. THE PASSENGERS SPENT ANYWHERE FROM $1,000 TO $4,000 A DAY TO MAKE THIS 32-DAY VOYAGE. FOR THAT PRICE THE COMPANY CHARTERED ITS OWN ICEBREAKER, A BRITISH VESSEL. AND IT CARRIED A HELICOPTER FOR SIGHTSEEING AND FOR EMERGENCIES. CRYSTAL ALSO HIRED TWO EXPERIENCED CANADIAN ICE PILOTS TO WATCH FROM THE BRIDGE AND IT INSTALLED FORWARD-LOOKING SONAR ON THE SHIP TO SPOT SUBMERGED ICE.>>Interview: THIS IS NOT A PLACE THAT IS SAFE. IT IS A VERY RISKY REGION AND TO HAVE CRUISE SHIPS COMING THERE WITH SUCH LARGE NUMBERS OF PEOPLE ON BOARD IS A RECIPE FOR DISASTER.>>Reporter: MICHAEL BYERS LIVES ON SALTSPRING ISLAND IN B.C. AND HE’S AN EXPERT ON ARCTIC SOVEREIGNTY AND HE WAS ASKED BY CRYSTAL CRUISES TO GO ON THE TRIP TO SHARE HIS KNOWLEDGE OF THE NORTH BUT HE DECLINED.>>Interview: OUR SEARCH AND RESCUE HELICOPTERS ARE BASED IN NOVA SCOTIA AND NEWFOUNDLAND AND ON VANCOUVER ISLAND IN B.C., AND SOMETIMES TAKE TWO DAYS TO GET TO THE NORTHWEST PASSAGE. AND EVEN THEN A SINGLE SEARCH AND RESCUE HELICOPTER CAN’T RESCUE 1,500 OR 2,000 PEOPLE.>>Interview: AS YOU CAN SEE THE CRYSTAL SERENITY…>>Reporter: THE CANADIAN COAST GUARD WAS INTENSELY INVOLVED PLANNING FOR THIS VOYAGE. THOUSANDS OF KILOMETRES AWAY JEFFREY HUTCHINSON AND HIS TEAM WERE WATCHING AT THE ICE COMMAND CENTRE IN MONTREAL.>>Interview: ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSE IS DIFFICULT TO DO SO WE’RE WATCHING THE SHIP EVERY DAY, EVERY HOUR, WE’RE PAYING ATTENTION.>>Reporter: UP HINSON DISPUTES THE SUGGESTION THAT CANADA CAN’T HANDLE TROUBLE IN THE ARCTIC AND HE SAYS THAT THERE WERE FOUR ICEBREAKERS ALONG THE SERENITY’S ROUTE AS WELL AS CLEANUP EQUIPMENT IN CASE SOMETHING SPILLED. IT’S SUFFICIENT, HE ARGUES, FOR THE MOMENT.>>Interview: BUT IF WE SEE AN INCREASE IN TRAFFIC IN THE ARCTIC, I THINK THAT THE PLATFORM WILL HAVE TO EVOLVE WITH THAT.>>Reporter: THE WORRY, OF COURSE, IS THAT NOT EVERY CRUISE SHIP WILL HAVE AS DEEP POCKETS AS CRYSTAL.>>Interview: WILL FUTURE CRUISE SHIPS FROM OTHER CRUISE LINES WHICH ARE OPERATING ON LOWER MARGINS MAKE THAT SAME CHOICE OR SHOULD WE REQUIRE THEM TO DO SO?>>Reporter: LET’S TALK ABOUT THE LEVEL OF INTEREST THAT YOU’VE HAD… AND THERE WILL BE OTHER BIG CRUISE SHIPS SAYS THE VICE PRESIDENT OF THE COMPANY. JOHN STAHL SAYS A WARMING CLIMATE NOW MEANS THAT THE ARCTIC IS OPEN FOR BUSINESS.>>Interview: I THINK THAT THE INTEREST IS OVERWHELMING AND I THINK THAT ANYTIME THAT YOU CAN PRESENT SOMETHING THAT’S NEW, SOMETHING THAT PEOPLE HAVEN’T DONE, WHEN YOU CAN TAKE A LUXURY AUDIENCE AND INTRODUCE THEM TO EXPEDITION, IT’S RARE. AND THE MORE THAT WE CAN EXPOSE THEM TO THIS PART OF THE WORLD, THE MORE WE THINK THAT WE’RE DOING THE JOB THAT WE NEED TO DO. THERE SHOULDN’T BE LIMITS AND WE SHOULDN’T NOT EXPOSE OUR GUESTS TO SOME OF THE MOST REMOTE PLACES IN THE WORLD. THEY WANT TO SEE IT. (♪♪♪)>>Reporter: THE BIG DAY ARRIVES IN CAMBRIDGE BAY. THE SHIP TOWERS OVER THE LANDSCAPE. ITS DRAFT TOO DEEP TO SQUEEZE INTO THE HAMLET’S SMALL HARBOUR AND IT HAS TO ANCHOR A FEW HUNDRED METRES OFFSHORE NEAR AN AREA THAT THE LOCALS CALL “THE GRAVEL PIT.” THE PASSENGERS ARE ZODIACKED ON TO SHORE. WHEREAS ONCE THIS KIND OF ADVENTURE TOURISM WAS RESERVED FOR THOSE WITH STRONG ENDURANCE AND FITNESS, THAT’S CLEARLY NO LONGER THE CASE. ADVENT TOURISM IN THE ARCTIC IS NOW OPEN TO ALL AGES. AND PREDICTABLY THERE WERE PHOTO-OPS WITH THEIR ANIMAL PELTS. SHEILA IS AN ENTREPRENEUR FROM SAO PAOLO AND HER HUSBAND, MARIO IS A STOCK TRADER.>>Interview: SOMETHING THAT I WOULDN’T IMAGINE AND I HAD NO IDEA HOW IT WAS GOING TO BE IN THIS ISOLATED PLACE AND BEING WHERE VERY FEW PEOPLE HAVE ALREADY VISITED.>>Reporter: THEY WERE WELL AWARE OF THE CRITICISM OF THE TRIP. ONE ONLINE NEWS SITE EVEN CALLED PASSENGERS “THE WORLD’S WORST PEOPLE.” SUGGESTING BECAUSE THEY’RE WEALTHY THAT THEY’RE BIGGER CONTRIBUTORS TO GLOBAL WARMING AND BY COMING HERE ON A FOSSIL-FUEL EMITTING CRUISE SHIP THEY’RE MAKING THE PROBLEM WORSE. THEY DISAGREE.>>Interview: WITH MORE PEOPLE KNOWING AND BEING AWARE OF THE ARCTIC, THERE’S GOING TO BE MORE PRESSURE FOR PRESERVING IT, TAKING CARE OF IT. AND THE ONLY WAY OF TAKING CARE OF SOMETHING IS KNOWING ABOUT IT, SO I THINK THAT AT THE END OF THE DAY IT’S GOING TO BE VERY POSITIVE.>>Interview: BUT EVERYTHING HAS TO BE DONE WITH CERTAIN CARE, LIKE IT SHOULDN’T BE ALLOWED TO COME AND BUNCH A TOURISTS AND LIKE COME TO THE BEACH AND IT’S DIFFERENT, YOU HAVE TO TAKE CARE OF EVERYTHING THAT YOU DO HERE. (♪♪♪)>>Reporter: IN TOWN AT THE COMMUNITY HALL, ARTISANS FROM ACROSS THE FAR NORTH DID A BRISK BUSINESS.>>IT’S BEAUTIFUL, IT’S ALL HAND DONE AND IT’S NOT SOMETHING THAT WE’LL FIND BACK IN SAN DIEGO.>>Reporter: AND ROY’S BEAUTIFUL CREATIONS GOT A LOT OF ATTENTION.>>VERY GOOD. THEY’RE IMPRESSED WITH MY WORK AND ALL OF THAT AND THEY LOVE MY WORK.>>Reporter: HE MADE ABOUT $2,000 THAT DAY. HE TOLD US THAT A GOOD YEAR FOR HIM IS $30,000. SO THIS WAS SIGNIFICANT. ALL TOGETHER COMMUNITY LEADERS ESTIMATE THAT THE ONE-DAY VISIT GENERATED OVER $110,000 IN BUSINESS FOR CAMBRIDGE BAY. A LARGE AMOUNT FOR A PLACE THAT ISN’T USED TO SEEING MUCH OUTSIDE INTEREST AT ALL. ONE OF THE FEW PEOPLE WE FOUND WHO SEEMED WORRIED ABOUT THE IMPLICATIONS OF ALL OF THIS WAS PEGGY. WOULD YOU LIKE TO SEE A LOT MORE BIG CRUISE SHIPS COMING TO TOWN?>>Interview: NO, NO, ONCE IN A WHILE IS GOOD. LIKE, IT WILL DO SOMETHING TO OUR ENVIRONMENT AND SON OF A GUN THERE’S NO ICE NOW, EH, AND I THINK THAT THE BIG SHIPS ARE CAUSING THIS MASSIVE — JUST EVERYTHING. IT’S ENVIRONMENTAL. ONCE IN A WHILE A BIG ONE LIKE THIS IS GOOD AND, YOU KNOW, THEY SHOULD OKAY ALL OF THE CRUISE SHIPS THAT ARE COMING. THEY DON’T JUST COME UP AND OH, WE’RE HERE AND ENTERTAIN US. (♪♪♪)>>Reporter: THE MORNING AFTER THE SHIP LEFT CAMBRIDGE BAY CAME THE MONEY SHOT. JUST ON THE OTHER SIDE OF VICTORIA ISLAND THERE WAS ICE AND ON THAT ICE WERE POLAR BEARS. WITH ZODIACS AROUND THE CRYSTAL SERENITY. PRICELESS FOR FUTURE CRUISES BUT NO DOUBT UTTERLY BEWILDERING TO THE POLAR BEARS.>>WAS IT GOOD, DID YOU GET TO TOWN?>>Reporter: VICKY AND OTHERS HERE WILL NOW HAVE A LONG WINTER TO THINK ABOUT HOSTING MORE CRUISE SHIPS. HOW ARE YOU FEELING RIGHT NOW?>>Interview: I’M FEELING RELIEVED AND I’M FEELING GOOD, ACTUALLY. I’M FEELING PRETTY GOOD, YEAH.>>Reporter: WHY?>>Interview: WELL, TO BE HONEST WITH YOU I ASKED EVERYBODY WHO WAS HELPING TODAY WOULD THEY LIKE TO DO THIS AGAIN AND THEY ALL OVERWHELMINGLY, YES.>>Reporter: CAN YOU SEE A DAY WHERE — OTI TOLD US THAT SHE THINKS THAT SOME GOOD WILL COME OUT OF THIS TRIP?>>Interview: I HOPE WHEN THEY GO HOME THEY PASS ON THIS GLOBAL WARMING THAT IS DANGEROUS FOR US. I HOPE THEY DO PASS IT ON. IT’S WHAT I WANT OUT TO BE KNOWN ABOUT THIS GLOBAL WARMING. (♪♪♪)>>Reporter: THE CRYSTAL SERENITY MADE HISTORY BY BECOMING THE LARGEST CRUISE SHIP TO COMPLETE THE NORTHWEST PASSAGE CROSSING. IN 1906, NORWEGIAN EXPLORER ROLF ANDERSON TOOK THREE YEARS TO DO THIS, AND A HUNDRED YEARS LATER THE SERENITY DID IT IN UNDER TWO WEEKS.>>Interview: MAYBE IN ITS OWN WAY THIS ULTRA-LUXURY CRUISE SHIP WILL HELP US TO REFOCUS OUR NATIONAL ATTENTION AND, YOU KNOW, START WORKING ON PROTECTING THE ARCTIC FOR ONCE.>>Reporter: THE ARCTIC REMAINS A REMOTE AND EXPENSIVE PLACE TO BE A TOURIST. BUT AFTER THIS VISIT NOW IT SEEMS PERHAPS A BIT MORE ACCESSIBLE THAN BEFORE. CHRIS BROWN, CBC NEWS, IN CAMBRIDGE BAY, NUNAVUT.>>Heather: AS CHRIS EXPLAINED THE CRYSTAL SERENITY IS SAILING IN THE WAKE OF CLIMATE CHANGE. IT’S A JOURNEY MADE POSSIBLE BY MELTING SEA ICE IN THE NORTHWEST PASSAGE. EACH YEAR ICE COVERS LESS AND LESS OF THE ARCTIC OCEAN. ACCORDING TO NASA SCIENTISTS IT’S SHRUNK BY ABOUT 13% DECADE SINCE 1981 AND THEY PREDICT THAT THE REGION COULD HAVE A COMPLETELY ICE-FREE SUMMER IN ABOUT 25 TO 30 YEARS. AND THEY ALSO SAY THAT GLOBAL WARMING IS FASTER IN THE ARCTIC THAN IN ANY OTHER PLACE.>>>STAY WITH US, WHEN WE COME BACK, A STEP BACK IN TIME FOR TURKEY. WOMEN SAY THEY’RE INCRE The television show that
challenges all comers is still doing just that
30 years on. Front Page Challenge
is entering its 30th year broadcasting
in Canada. And last night at a glittering
reception in Ottawa, they remembered
and they celebrated those
memorable years. Dan Bjarnason
has prepared this report. Few Canadian institutions
have lasted as long as Front Page
Challenge. And to become more popular,
year after year, is something to
be envied. Bjarnason: That’s the opinion
of viewer at least. Expressed over a decade ago
and now after 30 years on the air, the show is more of
a institution than ever. Announcer: Tonight on
Front Page Challenge… Bjarnason: Hammered out in 1957,
in a producer’s living room, as a summer fill-in,
and in a business where programs fight
for breath and often die
after a few weeks, Front Page Challenge
is one of the most successful TV shows
in history. The program
developed the look of a miniature history of
the 20th century. There was
the silly. Let’s talk
about diamonds. [Zsa Zsa]
Let’s not talk about diamonds. Let me talk to you about your
ex-husband, George Sanders. Are you still
friends with him? Let’s talk
about diamonds. [laughing] Bjarnason: There was
the profound. My whole Christian background
has a great deal to do with my coming to this conclusion that
love and non-violence should be the regulating ideals in any
struggle for human dignity. Bjarnason: Perhaps the show’s
chief drawing card was, until
his death, an endearing scamp,
Gordon Sinclair. Did the personal event happening
to you, cause you to feel happy or joy or euph– eupher-ick-ick? Oops. No euph. [laughter] There wasn’t an ounce of
euphericky in it. [laughter] Bjarnason: On occasion the panel
goofed on the obvious. Well, let’s see
what’s left. The mumbly peg, I guess that
they don’t do that anymore. And this is a sport
where you run around? Is it boxing
by any chance? [laughs]
No, No. Swimming, swimming,
swimming. [laughter] Bjarnason: Not once
in four appearances did they
manage to guess… Gordie
Howe. Hooray! [applause; cheering] Bjarnason: One of the original
moderators 30-years ago, Alec Barris today
is the program’s writer. He recalls some early
disasters such as Winston Churchill’s
son, Randolph. Who was sort of nine sheets
in the wind by the time he got to
the studio. Went to the wrong
studio first. And when he finally got
to the right studio, he insisted that
somebody go out and get him
a bottle of whiskey, which he killed before the show
and he didn’t even need it. Bjarnason:
Then there was the defecting
Russian diplomat, Igor
Gouzenko. And then when he came
in he insisted that A) he had to have
his voice muffled – so it wouldn’t
be recognizable. B) he had to wear
the hood over his face – so he wouldn’t be
recognized. But the funny part came when he
saw that Fred Davis was in the make-up room
getting make-up on, he insisted he had to
have make-up on too even though he was
going to wear the hood. Bjarnason: It’s hard
to imagine now but the critics
panned the show, opening night,
30 years ago. A corpse they called it,
a long 30 minutes. The critics
were wrong. Go! Bjarnason: Last night
the taping of a one hour birthday spectacular. [applause] Critics has also predicted that
Front Page Challenge wouldn’t last after
Gordon Sinclair. The critics were
wrong again. Dan Bjarnason,
CBC News, Ottawa.>>Interview: THE GOVERNMENT IS NOT, YOU KNOW, STOPPING IT AND THE GOVERNMENT IS NOT GIVING THE NECESSARY PENALTIES TO THE ATTACKERS.>>Heather: TURKEY MAY BE A SECULAR STATE BY LAW, BUT RELIGIOUS DISCRIMINATION IS BECOMING MORE AND MORE COMMONPLACE. WOMEN ARE BEING TARGETED FOR WHAT THEY’RE WEARING AND IN THE LATEST CASE CAUGHT ON CAMERA, POLICE ASSAULTING WOMEN. PROTESTERS SAY THIS IS PART OF A WORSENING TREND, NOW WOMEN ARE GATHERING TO REASSERT THE RIGHT TO DRESS HOWEVER THEY WANT. NIL KÖKSAL REPORTS.>>Reporter: TWO YOUNG WOMEN APPROACH TWO POLICE OFFICERS LOOKING FOR HELP. THEY WERE ALLEGEDLY GRABBED BY A PAIR OF MEN JUST MOMENTS EARLIER. BUT IT APPEARS THAT HELP IS NOT ON OFFER. THE VIDEO SHOWS POLICE BEATING HER.>>[speaking foreign LANGUAGE].>>Reporter: SHE WAS ALSO DRAGGED TO THE GROUND AND REPEATEDLY KICKED. THERE’S NOW AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE OFFICER’S CONDUCT. THEY ARE AMONG SEVERAL RECENT CASES OF WOMEN WHO SAY THEY’VE BEEN VERBALLY OR PHYSICALLY ABUSED, TARGETED SPECIFICALLY FOR THEIR CHOICE IN CLOTHES. ANYTHING DEEMED TOO REVEALING BY THEIR ALLEGED ATTACKERS. SO HERE AND AT REGULAR RALLIES ACROSS THE COUNTRY FOR THE LAST SEVERAL WEEKS “DON’T MESS WITH MY OUTFIT” IS THE MESSAGE. AND ISTANBUL PARK IS BOTH GATHERING PLACE AND IN THEIR MINDS A CRIME SCENE. EARLIER THIS MONTH A PRIVATE SECURITY GUARD DEMANDED THAT A WOMAN LEAVE THIS PARK BECAUSE HE DIDN’T APPROVE OF HER OUTFIT. HE WAS SUSPENDED FROM HIS JOB.>>Interview: THE GOVERNMENT IS NOT, YOU KNOW, STOPPING IT, AND THE GOVERNMENT IS NOT GIVING THE NECESSARY PENALTIES TO THE ATTACKERS.>>Reporter: FOR GENERATIONS STEEPED IN THE INFLUENCE OF TURKEY’S FOUNDER, AND THE FREEDOMS GIVEN TO WOMEN DECADES AGO, THE INCIDENTS SIGNALLED A DISTURBING SHIFT.>>Interview: THEY SAY WE’RE A COMMUNIST COUNTRY WHICH WE ARE NOT.>>Reporter: BUT DIVISIONS BETWEEN SECULAR AND RELIGIOUS IN TURKEY AND AMONG WOMEN THEMSELVES. THEY ARE FRIENDS, ENGINEERING STUDENTS IN ISTANBUL. BOTH HAVE FELT THE HEAT OF STARES AND THE STING OF INSULTS.>>Interview: [speaking foreign language].>>[speaking foreign LANGUAGE].>>Reporter: SO THEY’RE HERE TOGETHER. DRESSED PRECISELY AS THEY PLEASE. NIL KÖKSAL, CBC NEWS, ISTANBUL.>>Heather: WHEN WE COME BACK… THE CANADIAN PIANO TEACHER WHO SENT HER BROTHER ON HIS WAY TO JAZZ Reporter: The amazing Alouette
has outperformed anything that’s been shot into space
since the Russians started it with Sputnik 1. The mere fact that it’s still
faithfully sending back messages from the top side
of the ionosphere is enough to make
it remarkable. When it was launched
in September of 1962, its designers figured
that with luck, it would operate
for a year. As of right now, it’s been
in orbit for five years and seven months, and three
of the six original batteries are still working. Reporter: It was a picture
that Canadian engineers had waited
six years to see, and for which Canadian taxpayers
paid $100 million. A giant space robot
with Canada’s name on it and the Earth above. The remote manipulator system
performing perfectly. Over intercom: [beeps] Okay,
and be advised that we’re looking
at a great picture. Reporter: Good evening.
It was a spectacular liftoff and a history-making day
for Canada. The shuttle Challenger
blasted off the pad at Cape Canaveral at dawn– onboard, astronaut
Marc Garneau, the very first
Canadian in space. This trip into space,
for me, has turned out to be more than
ever I could have hoped for. It’s a great honour for me
to represent Canada in space. Man: Three, two, one, zero,
and liftoff. Liftoff of the space
shuttle Discovery and the first international
microgravity laboratory. Reporter: Good evening.
There’s a Canadian in the heavens tonight; Roberta
Bondar going around in circles and entirely
happy about it. Canada’s second
astronaut in space, she’s orbiting planet Earth
about 300 kilometres straight up. She left from this space
centre this morning 59 minutes later
than scheduled, but after a lifetime
of anticipation, those minutes probably won’t
mean very much in the long run. Woman: Incredible view. Reporter: A crucial space
walk took place in the skies above us
earlier today, and Canadian astronaut
Julie Payette was in charge. Payette coordinated
the mission from onboard the space
shuttle Discovery. Reporter: History was made
high in the sky today; for the very first time,
a Canadian walked in space. Early this morning,
astronaut Chris Hadfield began installing Canadarm 2,
and with it, launched a new era for
the International Space Station. With great humility
and pleasure, I accept command of the
International Space Station. ♪ you know why I want
to get back soon ♪ ♪ you know why I want
to get back soon ♪ ♪ [atonal theme] Announcer: The National. ♪ [brilliant news fanfare] Announcer: The National. ♪ [subdued news fanfare] Peter Mansbridge: Tonight. ♪ [low, building news theme] (♪♪♪) (♪♪♪)>>Heather: FINALLY TONIGHT WE REMEMBER THE LEGACY OF DAISY SWEENEY, THE WOMAN WHO TAUGHT HER YOUNGER BROTHER, OSCAR PETERSON, TO PLAY PIANO. THE PETERSON FAMILY GREW UP IN A POOR PART OF MONTREAL AND THEIR FATHER WORKED ON THE RAILWAYS AND THEIR MOTHER WAS A HOUSEKEEPER AND THE FAMILY COULD ONLY AFFORD TO SEND ONE CHILD, DAISY, TO PIANO LESSONS AND IT FELL ON HER TO TEACH HER SIBLINGS, INCLUDING OSCAR. SHE STUDIED MUSIC AT McGILL AND TAUGHT PIANO TO GENERATIONS OF BLACK MONTREALERS, INCLUDING ANOTHER JAZZ GREAT, OLIVER JONES. (♪♪♪)>>Interview: SHE HAD NO SNOBBERY AROUND THE MUSIC. FOR HER IT WAS GET YOUR FUNDAMENTALS AND THEN GO WHERE YOUR PASSION TAKES YOU. BUT NEVER LEAVE THIS, NEVER QUIT.>>Heather: IN 1974, SHE CO-FOUNDED THE CHOIR WHICH BECAME THE INTERNATIONALLY RENOWNED MONTREAL JUBILATION GOSPEL CHOIR. DAISY SWEENEY DIED FRIDAY AT AGE 97.>>>AND THAT’S “THE NATIONAL” FOR THIS MONDAY NIGHT, FOR NEWS AT ANY HOUR YOU CAN ALWAYS GO TO cbcnews.ca. I’M HEATHER HISCOX. THANKS FOR WATCHING. (♪♪♪)

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