The National for March 11, 2019 — Ethiopian Airline Crash, Tina Fontaine, Harry & Meghan


(*) (*)>>Adrienne: TONIGHT… THE CANADIANS ON BOARD.>>THREE GENERATIONS. I KNOW THREE GENERATIONS.>>Adrienne: AN ONTARIO FAMILY OF SIX IS AMONG THOSE KILLED IN THE ETHIOPIAN AIRLINES DISASTER. PLUS, WHAT CANADA SAYS ABOUT THE BOEING PLANES IN OUR SKIES.>>IT’S VERY IMPORTANT TO NOT JUMP TO ANY CONCLUSIONS.>>Adrienne: WE’RE IN ETHIOPIA WITH THE LATEST ON THE INVESTIGATION. (*)>>Andrew: AND WHAT WENT WRONG FOR TINA FONTAINE?>>WE’RE PEOPLE TOO, YOU KNOW, WE’RE NOT JUST PIECES OF TRASH THAT YOU CAN THROW AWAY.>>Andrew: WILL THE HARD LESSONS FROM HER DEATH HELP TO SAVE THE LIVES OF OTHER YOUNG INDIGENOUS GIRLS?>>Ian: AND A ROYAL CELEBRATION WITH THE NEXT GENERATION. WHY HARRY AND MEGHAN MADE A STOP AT CANADA HOUSE.>>>THIS IS “THE NATIONAL.” (*)>>Adrienne: THERE IS A LOT THAT WE DON’T KNOW ABOUT ETHIOPIAN AIRLINES FLIGHT 302. A LOT THAT YOU MIGHT NOT EVEN WANT TO THINK ABOUT. BUT TONIGHT WE ARE LEARNING SOME HARD DETAILS ABOUT THE CRASH THAT KILLED 157 PEOPLE, ABOUT THE PLANE, AND ABOUT THE VICTIMS. SIX PEOPLE FROM BRAMPTON, ONTARIO, ALL FROM THE SAME FAMILY, DIED ON THAT PLANE. IN TOTAL, 18 CANADIANS WERE ON BOARD. YOU’LL HEAR SOME OF THE STORIES TONIGHT. AND THERE’S MORE ABOUT THE UNCERTAINTY NOW SWIRLING AROUND THE BOEING 737, MAX 8, THE SAME KIND OF PLANE THAT CRASHED NEAR JAKARTA LAST OCTOBER. TONIGHT WE’LL TALK ABOUT THE AIRLINES NOW GROUNDING THEM AND WHY MANY ARE STILL FLYING THEM. BUT, FIRST, THE LATEST FROM ADDIS ABABA AND THE SEARCH FOR CLUES ABOUT WHAT HAPPENED IN THE SIX MINUTES BETWEEN TAKEOFF AND TRAGEDY. SUSAN ORMISTON HAS DETAILS OF THE DISASTER.>>Reporter: ON THE AFRICAN PLAIN, GOUGED OPEN BY A DIVING AIRLINER, INVESTIGATORS WORK TO ANSWER THE MOST URGENT QUESTIONS — HOW AND WHY. AND WHETHER THIS TRAGIC SCENE CONNECTED TO ANOTHER CRASH LESS THAN FIVE MONTHS AGO.>>[speaking foreign LANGUAGE].>>Reporter: HE SAW THE PLANE HOVERING OVER HIS HOUSE SUNDAY, STRUGGLING WITH ALTITUDE. THEN NOSE DOWN, TAIL IN FLAMES, HE SAYS THAT IT PLUNGED. THE PRESSURE IS INTENSIFYING ON BOEING, ETHIOPIAN AIRLINES GROUNDED THE REST OF ITS 737, MAX 8, PLANES TODAY.>>THE INCIDENT WAS RELATED WITH DEFECTS ON THE SPECIFIC PLANE, BUT WE HAVE TAKEN THIS AS AN EXTRA SAFETY PRECAUTION.>>Reporter: AT LEAST 24 AIRLINES DID THE SAME, MANY OF THEM IN CHINA, WHICH ORDERED THE ENTIRE MAX 8 FLEET OUT OF THE SKIES. AIR CANADA, WESTJET AND SUNWING KEPT THEM FLYING, INSISTING CONFIDENCE IN BOEING’S SAFETY RECORD BACKED UP BY TRANSPORT CANADA. FLIGHT DATA AND COCKPIT RECORDERS WERE RECOVERED. PARTLY DAMAGED, BUT HOLDING TIGHT THEIR CLUES. U.S. INVESTIGATORS HAVE JOINED THE ETHIOPIAN AVIATION AUTHORITIES SLOWLY PIECING TOGETHER THE MYSTERY. AND AWAY FROM THE CRATER, THE PAINFUL FOREVER. A YOUNG AIRLINE CREW GONE. AN EXPERIENCED, YOUNG PILOT WITH 8,000 FLYING HOURS, WITH HIS INEXPERIENCED CO-PILOT, ONLY 200 HOURS. THAT WILL BE A QUESTION ON TRAINING TOO. THERE ARE TWO DIFFICULT JOBS HERE NOW. ONE, A FORENSIC INVESTIGATION. AND, TWO, THE RECOVERY OF 18 CANADIANS AND 139 OTHER LIVES LOST JUST SIX MINUTES AFTER TAKEOFF. WE KNOW FROM PREVIOUS CATASTROPHIC AIRLINE CRASHES LIKE IN UKRAINE THAT THE GRIEVING IS PROLONGED BECAUSE IT’S SO HARD TO POSITIVELY IDENTIFY FROM THE SCENE WHO WAS ON THAT FLIGHT. AND PART OF THE RECOVERY NOW WILL BE TO COLLECT LITTLE BITS OF PEOPLE’S LIVES. CHOOSE DOCUMENTS, PASSPORTS, JOURNALS, THINGS THAT MAY BE TREASURED BY THOSE LEFT BEHIND. SUSAN ORMISTON, CBC NEWS, ADDIS ABABA.>>Adrienne: WE NOW KNOW A LITTLE BIT ABOUT ALMOST ALL OF THE CANADIAN VICTIMS. IT IS A LONG AND WRENCHING LIST OF GOOD PEOPLE GONE. THEY INCLUDE PASSIONATE YOUNG ENVIRONMENTALIST, ANGELA REHHORN, A RECENT DALHOUSIE GRAD. AND MICA MET, AND DANIELLE MOORE FROM TORONTO. AND ALSO ON THAT PLANE, AMINA IBRAHIM ODAWAA AND HER 5-YEAR-OLD DAUGHTER, SOFIA WHO WERE GOING TO SEE FAMILY. SO WAS DERICK LWUGI FROM CALGARY. CARLETON UNIVERSITY PROFESSOR PIUS ADESANMI WAS FLYING IN FOR AN AFRICAN UNION CONFERENCE. JESSICA HYBA WORKED FOR THE U.N. REFUGEE AGENCY IN SOMALIA. STEPHANIE LACROIX FROM TIMMINS WORKED WITH THE UNITED NATIONS ASSOCIATION IN CANADA ACCORDING TO HER LINKEDIN PROFILE. DARCY BELANGER WAS HEADING IN TO ATTEND THE ENVIRONMENT ASSEMBLY. PETER DeHORN FROM NEW BRUNSWICK WAS GOING TO ATTEND A WORKSHOP. THEN THERE WAS THIS FAMILY FROM BRAMPTON, ONTARIO, TWO TEEN GIRLS AND THEIR PARENTS WERE ALSO TRAVELING WITH THEIR GRANDPARENTS. NOW IN THEIR DEATHS WE’RE GETTING GLIMPSES INTO MANY OF THEIR LIVES TONIGHT, INCLUDING THAT FAMILY WHO HAD BOARDED THAT PLANE TOGETHER TO LIVE OUT A DREAM. OLIVIA STEFANOVICH WITH WHAT WE’RE LEARNING ABOUT THE CANADIAN PASSENGERS.>>AI GOT THE INFORMATION THAT IT’S TRUE THAT MY SIX FAMILY MEMBERS, RIGHT, THEY’RE NO MORE.>>Reporter: THE CRUSHES NEWS CAME ON A SUNDAY MORNING HALF A WORLD AWAY.>>MY PARENTS, THEY’RE GONE AND MY SISTER AND THEIR KIDS. IT WAS THREE GENERATIONS, I LOST THREE GENERATIONS. HIS SISTER, KOSHA VAIDYA AND HER HUSBAND, PRERIT DIXIT AND THEIR TEENAGED DAUGHTERS WERE HEADING FOR A TRIP OF A LIFETIME IN KENYA. PRERIT WORKED TWO JOBS TO SAVE ENOUGH MONEY TO TAKE HIS KIDS ON A SAFARRAH.>>THEY DIDN’T GET THERE.>>THEY ARE LIKE MY GREATEST SUPPORT AND I CAN’T THINK I CAN LIVE WITHOUT THEM.>>Reporter: ANOTHER CANADIAN, JESSICA HYBA WAS A MOTHER TWO OF WHO WORKED FOR THE U.N. HIGH COMMISSION FOR REFUGEES IN MOGADISHU.>>ONE OF THE TOUGHEST PEOPLE THAT I HAVE MET IN ENVIRONMENTS LIKE THIS. AND TRULY WAS — WAS A HUMANITARIAN WARRIOR.>>I AM IN WASHINGTON, D.C., ON A LAYOVER ON MY WAY TO KENYA TODAY.>>Reporter: LIKE MANY PASSENGERS, DARCY BELANGER WAS ON HIS WAY TO A UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENTAL CONFERENCE, CHAMPIONING THE CAUSE OF ARCTIC MARINE LIFE. HE RECORDED THIS VIDEO DURING ONE OF THE LAST DAYS THAT HE WAS ALIVE.>>I’LL CHECK IN AGAIN. WE DON’T KNOW WHERE I’LL BE, MAYBE ETHIOPIA AND MAYBE MY FINAL DESTINATION, KENYA, BUT I’LL KEEP YOU POSTED ON THE JOURNEY. HAVE A GREAT DAY. BYE.>>Reporter: INSIDE OF OTTAWA’S CARLETON UNIVERSITY, CANDLES FLICKER OUTSIDE OF THE OFFICE OF A BELOVED PROFESSOR.>>I WISH HIS SOUL WILL REST IN PEACE.>>Reporter: HE REMEMBERS HIS FRIEND OF 25 YEARS AS HAVING A MAGIC FOR CONNECTING WITH PEOPLE. AND AT 6’2″, HE SAYS THAT PIUS ADESANMI WAS LARGER-THAN-LIFE.>>BASICALLY, YOU KNOW, YOU COULDN’T MISS HIM. AND THEN WE HAD A LOT OF HUMOUR AND HAD A LOT OF LIFE. WHICH IS WHY SO SO DIFFICULT TO COMPREHEND THAT, THAT HE’S NOT COMING BACK HERE.>>Reporter: A FACT THAT MANY WILL HAVE TO WRESTLE WITH IN THE COMING DAYS AS MORE CANADIANS ARE IDENTIFIED AND HONOURED. OLIVIA STEFANOVICH, CBC NEWS, OTTAWA.>>Adrienne: SO MANY JUST BEGINNING THIS TERRIBLE GRIEVING PROCESS, BUT, AGAIN, ONE FAMILY LOSING SIX MEMBERS, THIS IS REALLY HARD TO PROCESS.>>Andrew: YEAH, AND IT’S MADE ALL THE MORE DIFFICULT BECAUSE NO ONE HAS A CLEAR IDEA OF WHAT ACTUALLY HAPPENED, RIGHT? I MEAN, THE CAUSE OF SUNDAY’S CRASH, STILL A MYSTERY. BUT THERE ARE SOME REALLY ODD SIMILARITIES BETWEEN IT AND THAT LION AIR CRASH IN OCTOBER SUSAN MENTIONED EARLIER. LET’S COMPARE THE TWO. SO, YESTERDAY AN ALMOST BRAND-NEW BOEING 737, MAX 8, TAKES OFF FROM ADDIS ABABA. IT CLIMBS TO 8,000 FEET ABOVE SEA LEVEL, STRUGGLING TO MAINTAIN ALTITUDE. IT SUDDENLY DIPS ABOUT 400 FEET AND THEN CLIMBS AGAIN TO 8,600 FEET AND AIR SPEED FLUCTUATING AND SIX MINUTES AFTER TAKEOFF CONTACT IS LOST. NOW LET’S GO BACK 4 1/2 MONTHS. AGAIN, A BRAND-NEW 737, MAX 8, TAKES OFF FROM JAKARTA. IT CLIMBS TO ROUGHLY 5,000 FEET, IT TOO STRUGGLED TO MAINTAIN AIR SPEED AND ALTITUDE. THE PLANE’S NOSE REPEATEDLY DIPS, 11 MINUTES AFTER TAKEOFF CONTACT IS LOST. SO SAME BOEING MODEL AND SIMILAR TURN OF EVENTS WHICH HAS RAISED QUESTIONS ABOUT THIS AIRCRAFT ITSELF. PAUL HUNTER NOW WITH MORE ON THE PLANE.>>Reporter: FOR THE SPECIFIC MODEL OF JET IN QUESTION, U.S. AND BOOING REGULATORS TONIGHT NOTED WHAT THEY CALL A SOFTWARE ENHANCEMENT FOR THE ENTIRE FLEET OF JETS AND CREW TRAINING IS COMING FOR WEEKS AHEAD. BUT ON AMERICAN TARMACS TODAY IT WAS BUSINESS AS USUAL FOR THE AIRLINES WHO FLY THOSE JETS. INDEED, AS WELL FOR AIR CANADA AND ITS MAX 8 AND WESTJET, STILL FLYING WITH CONFIDENCE.>>I WOULD, WITHOUT ANY HESITATION, BOARD AN AIRCRAFT OF THAT TYPE AT THIS PARTICULAR MOMENT IN TIME.>>Reporter: UNDERLINING THE SAFETY OF AIR TRAVEL BROADLY, TRANSPORT MINISTER MARC GARNEAU TODAY SAID THAT CANADA WILL FOLLOW THE U.S. LEAD AND KEEP ITS MAX 8 IN THE AIR WHILE INVESTIGATORS SEEK ANSWERS IN ETHIOPIA.>>WE HAVE THE BLACK BOXES AND IT’S IMPORTANT FOR US TO DETERMINE THE CAUSE AND THEN TO TAKE THE NECESSARY ACTION AND WE WILL DO SO.>>Reporter: IT’S A DIFFERENT VIEW FOR MORE THAN 20 AIRLINES AROUND THE WORLD, AMONG THEM AIR CHINA WHO HAVE NOW GROUNDED THEIRS. MINDFUL OF THAT OTHER MAX 8 CRASH OFF INDONESIA LAST YEAR THAT KILLED EVERYONE ON BOARD AMID WHAT SOME SAY ARE A SIMILAR SET OF CIRCUMSTANCES. IN FACT, TONIGHT BOEING CITED THAT CRASH AS A FACTOR IN DEVELOPING ITS NEW SOFTWARE NOW SET FOR THE ENTIRE MAX 8 FLEET. STILL, IN AIRPORTS TODAY NO MATTER THE AIRCRAFT, PASSENGERS SEEMED UNWORRIED. FROM CALGARY…>>IT’S A TERRIBLE, TERRIBLE THING THAT HAPPENED BUT IT’S NOT GOING TO CHANGE WHAT WE DO.>>Reporter: TO HALIFAX…>>I FEEL SAFE, EVEN THOUGH SOMETIMES CRAZY STUFF HAPPENS, BUT MORE OFTEN THAN NOT, LIKE, IT’S STILL ONE OF THE SAFEST WAYS TO TRAVEL.>>Reporter: TO SAN FRANCISCO.>>WHAT ARE THE ODDS OF IT HAPPENING AGAIN?>>Reporter: KEY TO NEXT STEPS? WHAT INVESTIGATORS LEARN IN ETHIOPIA. ONE OF THE INVESTIGATORS OF THE SWISS AIR DISASTER OFF NOVA SCOTIA TODAY HIGHLIGHTED QUESTIONS ABOUT THAT OTHER MAX 8 CRASH OFF INDONESIA.>>IF THERE’S A DIRECT CONNECTION BETWEEN THIS ONE AND THE PREVIOUS ONE IN OCTOBER, I THINK THAT YOU’LL SEE A LOT MORE PEOPLE COMING OUT IN FAVOUR OF THIS AIRPLANE SHOULD BE GROUNDED UNTIL THEY FIGURE OUT WHAT’S GOING ON.>>Reporter: FOR NOW THAT’S THE PROBLEM — NO ONE CAN YET SAY WHAT MADE THIS HAPPEN. PAUL HUNTER, CBC NEWS, WASHINGTON.>>Andrew: SO THERE IS UNCERTAINTY, ABSOLUTELY, BUT ALSO CONSIDER THE OTHER PART OF THE BIGGER PICTURE — BILLIONS OF DOLLARS ON THE LINE. BOEING IS THE WORLD’S LARGEST AIRPLANE MANUFACTURER, FACING SERIOUS QUESTIONS ABOUT ONE OF ITS MOST IMPORTANT PRODUCTS. OUR PETER ARMSTRONG NOW WITH THE REACTION INSIDE OF THE INDUSTRY.>>Reporter: THE 737, MAX 8, IS THE WORLD’S BESTSELLING MODERN PASSENGER AIRCRAFT. IT BURST ON TO THE SCENES IN 2017 IN RESPONSE TO A NEW AIRBUS MODEL THAT PROMISED BETTER FUEL EFFICIENCY. SOME CRITICS SAY THAT THE PLANE CAME TO MARKET WITHOUT ADEQUATE TESTING OF ITS NEW SOFTWARE. BUT AIRLINES WERE ATTRACTED TO THE SAVINGS THAT IT WOULD BRING. THIS IS HOW MANY WERE IN THE AIR DURING A TYPICAL AFTERNOON LAST WEEK. AND EVEN WITH MORE THAN 20 AIRLINES GROUNDING THEIR FLEETS, THIS IS HOW IT LOOKED TODAY. CANADA IS THE SECOND LARGEST CUSTOMER IN THE WORLD FOR THIS PLANE. AIR CANADA HAS 24 IN USE WITH ANOTHER 18 TO COME THIS YEAR. WESTJET HAS 13. FOUR OF WHICH WERE IMPORTED SINCE THE LION AIR CRASH IN INDONESIA IN OCTOBER. EVEN SUNWING HAS FOUR.>>I THINK THAT THEY’RE HERE TO STAY, IN THE SENSE THEY’RE VERY FUEL EFFICIENT, THEY’RE QUIET AND THEY’RE AT THE CUTTING EDGE. AND THIS IS A BRAND-NEW AIRCRAFT. AND, OF COURSE, THEY’RE ADDING THEM TO THE FLEET NOW.>>Reporter: WHILE THE INDUSTRY ITSELF REMAINS CONFIDENT IN THE AIRCRAFT, TWO CRASHES IN A MATTER OF MONTHS HAVE LEFT INVESTORS CONCERNED. BOEING’S STOCK FELL 12% AFTER THE ETHIOPIAN FLIGHT WENT DOWN. SOME OF THAT ALREADY BOUNCED BACK, BUT SINCE THE LAUNCH OF THE 737, MAX 8, BOEING’S STOCK HAS SOARED MORE THAN 200%, LARGELY BASED ON THE CONFIDENCE THAT THE INDUSTRY SHOWED IN THIS PLANE. PETER ARMSTRONG, CBC NEWS, TORONTO.>>Andrew: AND, IAN, BOEING CORPORATE IS OBVIOUSLY WORKING HARD WITH COMMUNICATIONS WITH INVESTORS AND EMPLOYEES. THE COMPANY TELLING THEM TONIGHT THAT IT REMAINS COMMITTED TO IMPROVING THIS PLANE.>>Ian: ALL RIGHT, ANDREW, HERE ARE SOME OF THE OTHER STORIES THAT WE ARE WATCHING TONIGHT… THE SNC-LAVALIN CONTROVERSY IS NOW ON THE RADAR OF A MAJOR INTERGOVERNMENTAL BODY. THE OECD, AN INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC GROUP, SAYS THEY’RE CONCERNED ABOUT POLITICAL INTERFERENCE IN THE COMPANY’S CRIMINAL CASE. IT’S TOLD THE PRIME MINISTER’S OFFICE THAT IT’S KEEPING A CLOSE EYE ON INVESTIGATIONS.>>[speaking foreign language].>>Ian: VENEZUELAN OPPOSITION LEADER JUAN GUIADÓ CALLED FOR A STATE OF EMERGENCY TODAY AS THE COUNTRY GOES THROUGH ITS FIFTH DAY OF A MAJOR BLACKOUT. SCHOOLS AND BUSINESSES WERE SHUT DOWN, WATER PUMPS WEREN’T WORKING. THE OPPOSITION IS BLAMING THE GOVERNMENT INCOMPETENCE AND CORRUPTION. WHILE THE PRESIDENT, MADURO, SAYS THAT THE U.S. IS BEHIND THE OUTAGE.>>>AN EMOTIONAL REUNION IN INDONESIA AS ONE OF THE TWO WOMEN ACCUSED IN THE KILLING OF NORTH KOREA’S LEADER HALF-BROTHER WAS FREED TODAY. THIS COMES AFTER PROSECUTORS IN MALAYSIA UNEXPECTEDLY DROPPED THE MURDER CHARGE AGAINST HER. KIM JONG-un’S ESTRANGED HALF-BROTHER DIED AFTER BEING SMEARED WITH A NERVE AGENT AT THE KUALA LUMPUR AIRPORT TWO YEARS AGO. THE OTHER ACCUSED, A WOMAN FROM VIETNAM, REMAINS IN CUSTODY.>>>THERESA MAY AND HER BREXIT DEAL FACE A CRUCIAL VOTE TOMORROW IN THE BRITISH PARLIAMENT. THE PRIME MINISTER WAS IN FRANCE TODAY HAMMERING OUT LAST-MINUTE LEGAL CHANGES TO HER PLAN TO LEAVE THE EUROPEAN UNION.>>TOMORROW THE HOUSE OF COMMONS WILL DEBATE THE IMPROVED DEAL THAT THESE LEGAL CHANGES HAVE CREATED. I WILL SPEAK IN MORE DETAIL ABOUT THEM WHEN I OPEN THAT DEBATE.>>Ian: THE EUROPEAN UNION SAYS THAT’S IT, THERE WILL BE NO MORE NEGOTIATING. THE OPPOSITION LEADER, JEREMY CORBYN, IS CALLING ON M.P.s TO REJECT THE PLANE TOMORROW, SAYING THAT IT STILL DOESN’T GO FAR ENOUGH. AS IT STANDS, BRITAIN IS SET TO PULL OUT OF THE E.U. IN JUST 18 DAYS. THE UNCERTAINTY HAS BEEN STRESSFUL, EVEN AGONIZING, FOR SOME BRITISH BUSINESSES, INCLUDING LAMB PRODUCERS WHOSE POSITION IS ESPECIALLY DIRE. THOMAS DAIGLE TELLS US WHY.>>Reporter: IT’S FEEDING TIME AT THE FARM. YES, THAT’S AS EXCITING A MOMENT AS ANY WHEN YOU’RE A SHEEP. BUT THESE AREN’T JUST ANY OLD SHEEP, THEY’RE ESPECIALLY FED, ESPECIALLY GROWN FEMALES, ALL READY TO GIVE BIRTH WITHIN DAYS. IT’S LAMBING SEASON HERE, AND EWES CAN TELL. JUST LOOK AT THE SIZE OF THOSE UDDERS. FARM MANAGER KEVIN HARRISON IS GETTING READY AS BEST HE CAN.>>USUALLY WE KNEW WHERE WE WERE GOING AND WHERE OUR LAMBS WERE GOING BUT AT THE MOMENT WE HAVEN’T GOT A CLUE.>>Reporter: AS CUTE AS THEY MAY BE, LAMBS ARE BORN AND RAISED HERE WITH ONE PURPOSE — TO BE SOLD FOR THEIR MEAT. CONSIDERED A DELICACY BY LAMB EATERS IN BRITAIN AND ABROAD. THIS LITTLE LAMB WAS BORN PREMATURE, BORN A WEEK AGO. NORMALLY IT COULD BE PROCESSED FOR MEAT WITHIN SIX MONTHS AND MUCH OF THAT MEAT COULD BE EXPORTED TO THE EUROPEAN MAINLAND. BUT THIS YEAR THERE’S A BIG QUESTION MARK OVER THE INDUSTRY BECAUSE OF BREXIT. WITH BRITAIN LEAVING THE EUROPEAN UNION, SO FAR WITHOUT A DIVORCE DEAL, FARMERS ARE BRACING FOR TRADE BARRIERS, WONDERING IF THEY’LL EVEN BE ABLE TO SELL THIS YEAR’S LAMBS.>>ALTHOUGH WE EAT THEM, WE’RE QUITE ATTACHED TO OUR FLOCK, FARMERS MIGHT HAVE TO TRY TO SELL THEM OR SLAUGHTER THEM, YOU KNOW, THAT WOULD BE THE WORST CASE SCENARIO.>>Reporter: HE’S NOT THE ONLY ONE LETTING OUT FRUSTRATIONS. DROP BY THIS LIVESTOCK MARKET IN OXFORDSHIRE FOR A SENSE OF HOW BIG THE BRITISH LAMB INDUSTRY REALLY IS AND HOW MUCH IT STANDS TO LOSE OVER BREXIT.>>YOU KNOW, IT ISN’T EASY BUT WE DIDN’T REALIZE THAT WE’D HAVE AS MANY PROBLEMS.>>Reporter: ALL COUNTED THERE’S ABOUT A THOUSAND MATURE LAMBS HERE TODAY, MOST ABOUT A YEAR OLD, ALL UP FOR AUCTION.>>[AUCTIONEER]>>Reporter: FOR BUYERS, THE AGE OF THE SHEEP IS A MAJOR CONSIDERATION. A FEW WEEKS OLDER AND THEY CAN’T BE SOLD FOR LAMB MEAT, MAKING FARMERS PARTICULARLY VULNERABLE TO EVEN A SHORT DISRUPTION IN THEIR TRADE.>>WORST CASE SCENARIO WE COME OUT OF EUROPE WITHOUT A DEAL ON THE 30th OF MARCH, THERE’S A 40% TARIFF ON LAMB. AND IT WILL STOP LAMB EXPORTS TO EUROPE.>>Reporter: FARMING REQUIRES SPECIAL SKILLS AND PATIENCE… GREG MASTERS KNOWS THAT MORE THAN EVER. RECENTLY TAKING OVER THE FAMILY FARM JUST AS BREXIT LOOMS.>>NOW I’M STUCK WITH NOT KNOWING WHAT IS AROUND THE CORNER WHICH IN A WAY IS QUITE WORRYING. BUT I WILL STILL VOTE TO LEAVE I THINK. [laughter]>>Reporter: FARMERS ARE DEMANDING COMPENSATION. IF A NO-DEAL BREXIT FORCES DOWNED SALES OR EVEN LEADS TO A LAMB CULL. BRITAIN MAY BE LEAVING THE E.U., BUT NO ONE SEEMS TO KNOW WHERE THEY’RE ACTUALLY GOING. THOMAS DAIGLE, CBC NEWS, NORTH STOKE, ENGLAND.>>Ian: SO WHAT’S NEXT FOR THERESA MAY AND BREXIT? THERE ARE TWO PATHS: IF MAY WINS TOMORROW’S PARLIAMENTARY VOTE ON HER EXIT DEAL, THE UNITED KINGDOM WILL LEAVE THE EUROPEAN UNION ON MARCH 29th. MOST PROTOCOLS LIKE CUSTOM RULES WILL STAY AS THEY ARE TO DECEMBER 2020, WHILE BOTH SIDES HAMMER OUT A PERMANENT TRADE DEAL. IF MAY LOSES IT GETS COMPLICATED. EITHER THE U.K. CRASHES OUT OF THE E.U. ON MARCH 29th WITHOUT AN EXIT AGREEMENT, OR THE DEPARTURE DATE IS DELAYED. IN BOTH CASES EXPECT A LOT MORE UNCERTAINTY AND STRESS.>>Adrienne: STILL TO COME… FIVE YEARS AFTER TINA FONTAINE WAS MURDERED A NEW REPORT IS ABOUT TO DETAIL HOW THE SYSTEM FAILED THE INDIGENOUS TEEN.>>Andrew: PLUS, A NEW TOOL IN THE OPERATING ROOM. DOES IT MAKE MORE SENSE FOR ROBOTS TO DO THE CUTTING?>>Ian: BUT FIRST CANADA HOUSE ROLLS OUT THE WELCOME MAT FOR A COUPLE ROYAL VISITORS. [Cheers and Applause] (*) (*)>>Adrienne: BRITAIN’S POLITICIANS MAY HAVE SPENT THE DAY SQUABBLING ABOUT BREXIT, BUT THE ROYALS WERE IN FULL MEET-AND-GREET ROLE FOR COMMONWEALTH DAY. ABOUT A QUARTER OF THE WORLD’S COUNTRIES ARE MEMBERS, AND THE QUEEN WANTS THEM TO STAY IN THE FOLD SO SHE’S GETTING A NEW GENERATION OF ROYALS INVOLVED. AS KAYLA HOUNSELL TELLS YOU, THAT YOUTHFUL CHARM OFFENSE I — OFFENSIVE WAS ON DISPLAY AT CANADA’S HIGH COMMISSION IN LONDON TODAY.>>Reporter: AN ENTHUSIASTIC CANADIAN WELCOME FOR THE DUKE AND DUCHESS OF SUSSEX. INSIDE CANADA HOUSE… PRINCE HARRY AND MEGHAN WEARING A CANADIAN DESIGNER MET WITH ARTISTS AND ENTREPRENEURS AND ACADEMICS.>>WHEN WE SPOKE TO HIS ROYAL HIGHNESSES TEAM ABOUT AN EVENT FOR THE COMMONWEALTH WE THOUGHT WHAT A WONDERFUL WAY TO CELEBRATE BOTH OUR GOALS OF CELEBRATING CANADIANS, BUT ALSO THEIR INTEREST IN YOUTH.>>Reporter: JILLIAN WAS PLEASED TO TELL THE DUKE AND DUCHESS ABOUT HER WORK ON A NAVIGATION APP TO HELP PEOPLE TO FIND SAFE ROUTES HOME.>>IT WAS QUITE AN EXTRAORDINARY HONOUR TO BE ABLE TO PRESENT TO THEM, MEGHAN MARKLE IS VERY MUCH, YOU KNOW, AN INSPIRATION.>>Reporter: HARRY AND MEGHAN WERE ALSO TREATED TO A PERFORMANCE BY INDIGENOUS THROAT SINGERS. THEY SPENT TIME WITH CANADIAN CHILDREN AT A MAKESHIFT MAPLE SUGAR SHED. AND THEY WERE GIVEN GIFTS FOR THEIR OWN CHILD EXPECTED THIS SPRING. AFTER THEIR VISIT TO CANADA HOUSE, HARRY AND MEGHAN JOINED THE QUEEN AND OTHER MEMBERS OF THE ROYAL FAMILY FOR THE ANNUAL COMMONWEALTH DAY SERVICE AT WESTMINSTER ABBEY. AS A FOUNDING MEMBER OF THE COMMONWEALTH, CANADA WAS AT THE FRONT OF THE FLAG PROCESSION. CHRISTIAN NORTON WHO IS STUDYING AT THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD, WAS THE FLAGBEARER.>>I THINK THAT IT’S QUITE AN HONOUR TO BE REPRESENTING YOUR COUNTRY AND ALSO TO BE SOMEONE FROM PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND. IT’S NOT OFTEN THAT YOU SEE PEOPLE FROM THE ISLANDS ON THESE INTERNATIONAL STAGES OR PLATFORMS.>>Reporter: THE COMMONWEALTH COUNTRIES HAVE A COMBINED POPULATION OF 2.4 BILLION PEOPLE, MORE THAN 60% OF THEM ARE UNDER THE AGE OF 30. (*) AND THE QUEEN IS GIVING THE YOUNG ROYALS MORE RESPONSIBILITIES. HARRY IS THE PRESIDENT OF THE QUEEN’S COMMONWEALTH TRUST, WHICH EXISTS TO CHAMPION, FUND AND CONNECT YOUNG LEADERS AROUND THE WORLD. AND MEGHAN HAS JUST BEEN APPOINTED VICE PRESIDENT.>>YOUTH IS CRUCIAL, THE QUEEN GETS THAT. AND SHE KNOWS THAT FOR THE COMMONWEALTH TO SURVIVE AND STAY RELEVANT IT’S GOT TO APPEAL TO YOUNG PEOPLE. (*)>>Reporter: HARTMAN SAYS THAT THE COMMONWEALTH IS AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE QUEEN’S LEGACY AND SHE’S NOW BEGINNING TO ENTRUST IT TO A NEW GENERATION. KAYLA HOUNSELL, CBC NEWS, LONDON.>>Andrew: STILL TO COME ON TONIGHT’S “NATIONAL,” ROBOT-ASSISTED SURGERY. IN THE OPERATING ROOM THESE INSTRUMENTS BRING PRECISION, YES. BUT DO THEY BRING PROBLEMS TOO?>>Ian: BUT NEXT, FIVE YEARS AFTER HER DEATH A CRUCIAL REPORT IS ABOUT TO SHED NEW LIGHT ON HOW 15-YEAR-OLD TINA FONTAINE ENDED UP MURDERED.>>THE WAY THAT TINA WAS FAILED IS THE WAY THAT MANY KIDS IN MANITOBA ARE BEING FAILED RIGHT NOW BY THE CHILD WELFARE SYSTEM AND BY THE POLICE FORCE AND BY OUR MEDICAL SYSTEM. (*) (*)>>I LOST ONE SON BUT I GAINED — I WANT TO SAY A MILLION.>>Ian: THAT IS THE MOTHER OF A MURDERED CFL PLAYER, CALGARY STAMPEDER, MYLAN HICKS. HER SON’S KILLER WAS CONVICTED TODAY. HICKS WAS SHOT AND KILLED OUTSIDE OF A NIGHTCLUB IN CALGARY IN 2016 AS THE TINA GATHERED TO CELEBRATE A WIN. THE PROSECUTOR SAID THAT THIS MURDER, QUOTE “ALMOST FITS THE DEFINITION OF SENSELESS.”>>I HAVE NO RELATIONSHIP WHATSOEVER WITH THE PREMIER OR THE FORD FAMILY. I HAVE NOT MET THE PREMIER BEFORE.>>Ian: THE GOVERNMENT OF ONTARIO HAS NAMED A NEW O.P.P. COMMISSIONER JUST FIVE DAYS AFTER THE FORT GOVERNMENT’S FIRST PICK, RON TAVERNER, WITHDREW HIS NAME. CARRIQUE WAS APPOINTED. THIS IS AFTER AN INTEGRITY COMMISSIONER INVESTIGATION FOLLOWING THE APPOINTMENT OF FORD’S FRIEND TO THE JOB.>>>AND PARKS CANADA IS LOOKING AT A STAGGERING $12 BILLION REPAIR BILL. A NEW REPORT SAYS THAT 40% OF ASSETS LIKE BUILDINGS, BRIDGES AND HISTORIC SITES ACROSS THE COUNTRY ARE IN POOR OR VERY POOR CONDITION. THE AGENCY HAS ALREADY SAID THAT AS OF NEXT YEAR FIVE LOCATIONS, INCLUDING CITADEL HILL IN HALIFAX, THAT WERE PREVIOUSLY FREE, WILL HAVE ADMISSION FEES.>>Andrew: TINA FONTAINE LIVED FOR ONLY 15 YEARS. HER BODY WRAPPED IN A DUVET COVER AND WEIGHED DOWN BY ROCKS WAS PULLED FROM WINNIPEG’S RED RIVER IN THE SUMMER OF 2015. NOW NEARLY FIVE YEARS LATER WE’RE ABOUT TO LEARN NEW INFORMATION ABOUT WHAT WENT WRONG IN THE DAYS, MONTHS AND YEARS BEFORE HER DEATH. THAT WILL COME FROM THE MANITOBA ADVOCATE FOR CHILDREN AND YOUTH WHO IS SET TO RELEASE A REPORT TOMORROW. YOU SEE, FONTAINE WAS A WARD OF CHILD AND FAMILY SERVICES WHEN SHE DIED, AND MANY BELIEVE THAT IT FAILED HER OVER AND OVER AGAIN. HER DEATH SPARKED GRIEF, BUT SOMETHING ELSE TOO — COMMUNITY ACTION. IT’S TO HOPEFULLY PREVENT ANYTHING LIKE THAT FROM HAPPENING AGAIN. KATIE NICHOLSON EXPLAINS.>>ALL RIGHT, LET’S GET TO WORK, WE’RE ALREADY LATE. THERE WE GO. (*) MOST TIMES WHEN YOU SEE OPEN GARBAGE BINS THERE’S USUALLY DRUGS ASSOCIATED WITH IT. FRANKLY, JUST ABOUT EVERYWHERE IN OUR COMMUNITY NOW YOU WILL FIND THAT KIND OF STUFF.>>Reporter: THERE ARE NICER WAYS TO SPEND A HOT SUMMER EVENING BUT GENE FAVEL CAN’T SIT BACK AND RELAX. FAVEL HEADS UP THE BEAR CLAN PATROL WHICH WALKS WINNIPEG’S ROUGHEST NEIGHBOURHOODS, CLEANING IT UP, OFFERING HOPE AND EVEN A LITTLE CANDY TO PEOPLE WHO CALL IT HOME.>>FOR YOU.>>Reporter: TONIGHT THEY’RE ALSO LOOKING FOR A MISSING TEEN GIRL.>>A MISSING GIRL, RIGHT? LOOKING FOR HER TONIGHT.>>SHE’S NEW, EH?>>YEAH.>>JUST CAME IN?>>JUST THIS MORNING.>>Reporter: THIS IS EXACTLY WHY THEY’RE HERE. THIS BEAR CLAN WAS BROUGHT TO LIFE BY THE DEATH OF ANOTHER MISSING GIRL.>>AT APPROXIMATELY 1:30 p.m. A BODY WAS RECOVERED NEAR THE ALEXANDER DOCKS…>>WINNIPEG POLICE CONFIRMED LATE TODAY THAT TINA FONTAINE’S REMAINS WERE PULLED FROM THE WATER AT THE ALEXANDER DOCKS. POLICE SAY THAT THE DEATH IS A HOMICIDE…>>Reporter: TINA FONTAINE. IT’S BEEN FIVE YEARS SINCE THE 15-YEAR-OLD GIRL’S BODY WAS PULLED FROM THE RED RIVER. IT WASN’T THE FIRST DEATH ALONG THESE SHORES, BUT IT’S THE ONE THAT SHOOK A NATION TO ITS CORE. LONG BEFORE SHE BECAME A POSTER CHILD FOR MISSING AND MURDERED INDIGENOUS WOMEN, TINA FONTAINE WAS JUST A LITTLE GIRL. THIS IS THE TINA THAT HER FAMILY REMEMBERS, SHARING FOR THE FIRST TIME WHAT FEW VIDEOS THEY HAVE OF HER. FONTAINE GREW UP ON SAGUINE FIRST NATION AND RAISED BY HER GREAT AUNT, THELMA FAVEL. LIFE WITH THE FAVELS WAS HAPPY AND LOVING AND SO WAS TINA.>>YEAH, [indiscernible]…>>Reporter: HER FACEBOOK LITTERED WITH SWEET MESSAGES TO FRIENDS AND LAUGHTER, SOMETHING THAT HER GREAT AUNT THELMA FAVEL MISSES THE MOST.>>AND, LIKE, IT WAS LIKE A LITTLE MACHINE GUN AND THAT’S HOW HER GRANDMA LAUGHED TOO. SHE HAD MY SISTER’S LAUGH.>>Reporter: WHILE THE FAVELS WERE FAMILY, TINA FONTAINE CRAVED A DEEPER BOND. HER BIOLOGICAL FATHER WAS MURDERED. SHE DESPERATELY WANTED TO CONNECT WITH HER MOTHER IN WINNIPEG WHO WAS GETTING HER OWN LIFE BACK ON TRACK.>>AND I TOLD HER THAT IF YOUR GRADES ARE GOOD YOU CAN GO. AND SHE JUST ACED EVERYTHING — MATH, SCIENCE, EVERYTHING, SHE ACED. SO I HAD TO HOLD MY END UP THE BARGAIN UP AND LET HER GO FOR A WEEK. SHE WAS ONLY SUPPOSED TO GO FOR A WEEK.>>Reporter: BUT WITHIN DAYS OF ARRIVING IN THE CITY, HER MOTHER SPIRALLING BACK INTO ADDICTION, KICKED THE 15-YEAR-OLD OUT ON TO THE STREETS. REPORTS WERE FILED WITH CHILD WELFARE AND POLICE. BOTH WOULD FAIL TO BRING HER TO SAFETY.>>SHE WAS FLAGGED. SO WHEN A CHILD IS FLAGGED, THEY’RE SUPPOSED TO KEEP HER. BUT THEY LET HER GO.>>Reporter: WHAT IS BELIEVED TO BE FONTAINE’S LAST 24 HOURS MIGHT BEST BE DESCRIBED AS A CASCADE OF FAILURES. BEGINNING HERE ON THE WINNIPEG STREETS SHE CAME TO KNOW SO WELL THAT SUMMER. WITNESSES PLACE HER HERE IN THE WEST END AREA, DOWNTOWN, BEFORE SHE’S PICKED UP BY A MAN IN A TRUCK. POLICE SOON PULL THEM OVER HERE IN AN ISOLATED INDUSTRIAL AREA OF THE INNER CITY. THE MAN BEHIND THE WHEEL HAS A SUSPENDED LICENCE. HE’S TAKEN INTO CUSTODY. AS FOR FONTAINE THERE’S A MISSING PERSONS ALERT ON HER NAME. POLICE NEVER SEE IT. THEY DRIVE AWAY AND LEAVE THE 15-YEAR-OLD ON THE SIDE OF THE ROAD. IT’S 5:00 a.m.. 9:55 a.m., CAMERAS PICK FONTAINE UP AT THIS PARKING LOT SEVERAL KILOMETRES AWAY. SHE’S STAGGERING, EXHAUSTED. SHE PASSES OUT BETWEEN TWO CARS. A SECURITY GUARD CALLS AN AMBULANCE. 11:20 a.m.. AT THE HEALTH SCIENCES CENTRE. THE DOCTORS EXAMINE FONTAINE. SHE’S UNDERWEIGHT, TRACES OF ALCOHOL, MARIJUANA AND COCAINE AND OTHER SUBSTANCES ARE IN HER BODY. STILL WITHIN HOURS SHE IS RELEASED. 3:51 p.m.. A SOCIAL WORKER DROPS FONTAINE OFF AT THIS DOWNTOWN HOTEL, BUT THE OVERTAXED CHILD WELFARE PLACES CHILDREN IN HOTELS BECAUSE THERE’S NOWHERE ELSE TO GO. SHE MAKES HER WAY TO THE ROOM ALONE AND SHE DOESN’T STAY AND WORKERS DON’T STOP HER. FOR THE THIRD TIME THAT DAY SHE SLIPS AWAY. DESPITE COMING INTO CONTACT WITH POLICE, DOCTORS AND A SOCIAL WORKER, ALL WITHIN A 24-HOUR PERIOD, EVERY LAST ONE OF THEM FAILS TO THROW HER THE LIFELINE SHE NEEDS. AFTER ALL OF THAT SHE DISAPPEARS. NINE DAYS LATER HER BODY IS PULLED FROM THE RED RIVER, WRAPPED IN A DUVET COVER. A TRAGIC DEATH THAT NOT ONLY BROKE A COMMUNITY’S HEART, BUT SET IT ON FIRE.>>WHEN TINA FONTAINE’S BODY WAS FOUND, THAT WAS IT, IT WAS JUST A SWITCH AND IT WAS TIME TO DO SOMETHING. MEANING BOOTS ON THE GROUND AND WE NEED BOLD ACTION AND WE NEED IT NOW. WE COULDN’T WAIT ANYMORE. YOU KNOW, IT NEEDED TO BE DONE NOW.>>Reporter: FIVE YEARS AFTER FONTAINE’S DEATH, THOSE ON THE GROUND LIKE MICHAEL CHAMPAIGN SAY VERY LITTLE HAS CHANGED. EVERY WEEK HE LEADS THE CONVERSATION HERE AT THE BELL TOWER IN THE HEART OF THE INNER CITY.>>THE WAY THAT TINA WAS FAILED IS THE WAY THAT MANY KIDS IN MANITOBA ARE BEING FAILED RIGHT NOW BY THE CHILD WELFARE SYSTEM, BY THE POLICE FORCE, BY OUR MEDICAL SYSTEM. AND I THINK THAT THE WAY THAT ANY SYSTEM IS ABLE TO CONTINUE IN THIS WAY IS WHEN THOSE THAT ARE IN POSITIONS TO HELP LOOK IN THE OTHER DIRECTION. AND THEY SAY NOT MY PROBLEM.>>Reporter: NOW PEOPLE LIKE CHAMPAIGN ARE MAKING IT THEIR PROBLEM. HERE AT THE BELL TOWER…>>WHAT CAN I DO? WHAT CAN EACH OF US DO TO ADDRESS THE SYSTEMS THAT ARE NO LONGER SERVING US?>>RECEIVE TIMELINES WITH YOUR CASE PLAN.>>YES, THAT IS ACTUALLY REAL.>>Reporter: AND HERE AT FEARLESS H.R.W., A GROUP THAT TAKES ITS NAME FROM THE POSTAL CODE OF ONE OF WINNIPEG’S POOREST NEIGHBOURHOODS AND CHALLENGES THE CHILD WELFARE SYSTEM TO MAKE POSITIVE CHANGE.>>IT’S EVERYONE’S PROBLEM. AND IF YOU SEE SOMETHING, THEN YOU HAVE AN OBLIGATION AND A RESPONSIBILITY ON A HUMAN LEVEL, NOT EVEN RELATED TO YOUR JOB OR THE SYSTEM, ON A HUMAN LEVEL, TO DO WHAT YOU CAN TO MAKE THINGS BETTER.>>Reporter: SOMETIMES MAKING THINGS BETTER IS AS SIMPLE AS MAKING A SANDWICH. ALEXEI LEGER PREPARES FOOD FOR EVERY MAMA BEAR CLAN WALK.>>THANK YOU FOR COMING, OUR ELDER WILL LEAD US IN PRAYER TONIGHT.>>Reporter: RUN BY THE MOTHERS AND GRANDMOTHERS OF THE INNER CITY, MAMA BEAR CLAN TAKES A NURTURING APPROACH TO THE STREETS.>>WE KNOW THAT IT’S SEEING THE LOVE AND FEELING THE LOVE, RIGHT? SO THAT’S THE PREMISE OF THE WALK, IT’S WHY WE DO WHAT WE DO.>>WHEN YOU’RE ON THE STREET YOU DON’T KNOW WHERE YOU CAN GO FOR HELP SO THAT’S WHY WE COME TO THEM. AND WE DO WHAT WE DO NOW TO TRY TO MAKE THEIR LIVES A LITTLE BIT EASIER WHEN THEY’RE ON STREET.>>Reporter: LEGER SEES A LOT OF HERSELF IN TINA FONTAINE. SHE KNOWS FIRSTHAND WHAT IT’S LIKE TO BE YOUNG, HOMELESS AND ALONE.>>MY SITUATION THERE WAS A LOT OF OLDER MEN THAT TOOK ADVANTAGE OF ME NOT HAVING ANYTHING BECAUSE I DIDN’T HAVE FOOD, I DIDN’T HAVE MONEY. SO THEY PREY ON GIRLS. AND THEY PREY ON MOSTLY ABORIGINAL GIRLS BECAUSE THEY KNOW THAT A LOT OF THEM DON’T HAVE FAMILIES TO TURN TO FOR HELP.>>Reporter: ON THESE NIGHTS AT LEAST PEOPLE IN NEED CAN TURN TO THE MAMA BEAR CLAN FOR HELP. WHAT HAPPENED TO TINA FONTAINE ALWAYS IS IN THE BACK OF LEGER’S MIND, PUSHING HER TO DO MORE.>>POLICE DIDN’T DO ENOUGH, THEY WEREN’T OUT THERE LOOKING LIKE WE ARE LOOKING. WHEN WE HAVE A MISSING PUNISH, WE’RE ON THE STREETS, WE’RE LOOKING IN DUMPSTERS AND LOOKING IN BACK ALLEYS AND WE’RE LOOKING EVERYWHERE. SO I FEEL THAT THE SYSTEM JUST LET HER DOWN IN THAT ASPECT. THERE WAS NO ONE THERE TO PROTECT HER. (*)>>Reporter: FOR SAMANTHA CHIEF, MAMA BEAR CLAN ISN’T JUST ABOUT STEPPING UP, IT’S ABOUT HONOURING WHAT TINA FONTAINE’S STORY DID FOR OTHER INDIGENOUS WOMEN.>>SHE FINALLY OPENED A LOT OF PEOPLE’S EYES, YOU KNOW, TO ALL OF THE BAD THINGS THAT HAPPEN LIKE THAT ON ABORIGINAL WOMEN. YOU KNOW, WE’RE PEOPLE TOO, YOU KNOW, WE’RE NOT JUST PIECES OF TRASH THAT YOU CAN THROW AWAY. WE HAVE VALUE TO OTHERS. WE’RE NOT — WE’RE NOT WHO THEY PORTRAY US TO BE. WE’RE NOT ALL STREET WALKERS. WE’RE NOT TRYING TO JUST DO THIS BECAUSE IT’S OUR CHOICE, YOU KNOW, JUST FOR PEOPLE. WE NEED TO BE HONOURED AND LOVED JUST LIKE REGULAR PEOPLE DO, YOU KNOW?>>Reporter: SOCIAL WORKER MITCH ALSO HELPS MAMA BEAR CLAN. HE’S WATCHED THE COMMUNITY TIRED OF BEING FAILED BY THE SYSTEM CREATE ITS OWN.>>OUR SYSTEMS ARE TOP HEAVY WITH BUREAUCRACY AND POLICY AND PROCEDURE AND IT TAKES A LONG TIME TO GET THINGS DONE. WE DON’T HAVE TIME WITH CHILDREN LIKE TINA, WE DON’T HAVE TIME. WE’VE GOT TO GET OUT ON THE STREETS. WE’VE GOT TO LOOK FOR PEOPLE. WE’VE GOT TO BRING PEOPLE HOPE. (*)>>Reporter: ALL OF THIS, THE BANDING TOGETHER, THE PLANNING, CONNECTING, PROTECTING A COMMUNITY, BECAUSE OF A LITTLE GIRL LOST IN A SYSTEM THAT DIDN’T WORK.>>HERE WE GO AGAIN. WHENEVER. HOPE TO SEE YOU SOON.>>Andrew: SO KATIE, LOOKING AHEAD TO TOMORROW’S REPORT ON WHAT WENT WRONG FOR TINA FONTAINE, YOU SPOKE TO SOMEONE WHO KNOWS SOME OF WHAT IS IN IT. WHAT SHOULD WE EXPECT?>>Reporter: THAT’S RIGHT, THELMA FAVEL, TINA’S GREAT AUNT WHO YOU HEARD FROM IN THE DOC ALREADY KNOWS WHAT’S IN THE REPORT. THE ADVOCATE BRIEFED HER LAST WEDNESDAY. AND WHAT WE WILL HEAR TOMORROW IS GOING TO BE HEAVY AND HEARTBREAKING. FAVEL LEARNED NEW THINGS ABOUT HOW THE SYSTEM TURNED TINA AWAY AND SHE SAYS THAT THE CONTENTS ARE, QUOTE “AWFUL” AND HAD NEW INFORMATION ABOUT HOW TROUBLED TINA FONTAINE’S BIOLOGICAL PARENTS WERE. FAVEL SAID THAT SHE NEEDED TO SMUDGE SEVERAL TIMES WITH SWEETGRASS TO GET THROUGH THE DELIVERY OF THAT REPORT.>>Andrew: WHAT ARE THE INDIGENOUS LEADERS LOOKING FOR IN THIS REPORT TOMORROW?>>Reporter: WELL, A MAJORITY OF CHILDREN IN CARE LIKE TINA ARE INDIGENOUS. FORMER GRAND CHIEF SHEILA NORTH SAYS THAT SHE HOPES THAT THE REPORT ADVOCATES FOR MORE COUNSELLING AND FINANCIAL HELP FOR ABORIGINAL WOMEN AND MORE APPROPRIATE SUPPORT FOR KIDS IN CARE AND AN EMPHASIS ON KEEPING THEM IN THEIR COMMUNITY. HERE’S SHEILA NORTH.>>THERE ARE GAPS AND THERE ARE HOLES IN THE SYSTEM THAT NEED TO BE FILLED AND THEY CAN ONLY BE FILLED BY THE COMMUNITY THEMSELVES. BECAUSE IF WE DON’T FIX THEM, WE’RE GOING TO SEE GENERATIONS UPON GENERATIONS OF — OF PEOPLE LIKE TINA FONTAINE THAT FALL THROUGH THE CRACKS AND ACTUALLY GET KILLED.>>Reporter: NOW NORTH SAYS THAT IF NOTHING ELSE THIS ADVOCATE’S REPORT WILL HELP TO PUT TINA’S NAME ON SOMETHING THAT SHE HOPES THAT WILL MAKE POSITIVE CHANGES.>>Andrew: OKAY, THANK YOU VERY MUCH, KATIE.>>Reporter: YOU’RE WELCOME.>>Adrienne: UP NEXT ON “THE NATIONAL”… THE DOCTORS DILEMMA. WHEN THAT HELPING HAND IN THE O.R. IS A ROBOT.>>WE HAVEN’T FOUND THAT THE CURE RATES ARE HIGHER WITH THE USE OF THE ROBOT.>>Adrienne: AND THEN THIS WEEK “THE NATIONAL” WILL LOOK AT THE FUTURE OF CITIES — WHERE WE LIVE AND HOW WE LIVE. HERE’S A PREVIEW OF WHAT WE’LL HAVE TOMORROW… (*)>>THIS IS FOREST CITY, ONE OF THE WORLD’S BOLDEST NEWEST PROJECTS, A GATED CITY PLANNED FOR 700,000 PEOPLE ON LAND THAT SIMPLY DIDN’T EXIST A FEW YEARS AGO. FOUR ARTIFICIAL ISLANDS RIGHT NEXT TO SINGAPORE, SOUTHEAST ASIA’S STRONGEST ECONOMY. IT’S A BIG BET MEANT TO BENEFIT ALL, BUT WILL IT?>>ALL OF THESE TOWERS ARE BASICALLY INVESTMENT VEHICLES, I WOULD SAY, FOR FOREIGN INVESTORS, PARTICULARLY FOR CHINESE INVESTORS. THEY ARE TRYING TO ATTRACT SOME RESIDENTS BY SAYING THIS IS A CLEAN AND GREEN AND SAFE ENVIRONMENT. IT JUST MAKES US THINK THE FUTURE IS BEAUTIFUL AND IT’S CLEAN AND IT’S ALL POSSIBLE.>>Adrienne: THAT IS, OF COURSE, THE OFFICIAL PITCH. (*) (*)>>Ian: IT’S A TECHNIQUE THAT HAS REVOLUTIONIZED THE MEDICAL INDUSTRY, ROBOTS THAT CAN HELP TO PERFORM SURGERY. THESE MACHINES HAVE BEEN IN HOSPITALS ACROSS NORTH AMERICA FOR NEARLY TWO DECADES BUT IT’S JUST IN THE LAST MONTH THAT CANADA SAW ITS FIRST ROBOTIC KNEE SURGERY. BUT INNOVATION HAS NOT ALWAYS GONE SMOOTHLY. LAST MONTH THE U.S. FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION ISSUED A WARNING ABOUT USING ROBOTS IN SOME CANCER SURGERIES. AND IN ONTARIO THERE’S A FIGHT OVER SOME FUNDING FOR SOME PROCEDURES. SO WHERE ARE WE AT? THE CBC’S CHRISTINE BIRAK HAS THE LATEST.>>Reporter: THE SOUND MIGHT BE JARRING BUT ORTHOPEDIC SURGEON DR. ANTHONY ODILLY IS IN AWE. HE’S HOLDING THE ROBOTIC ARM THAT IS CUTTING INTO HIS PATIENT’S KNEE, A PROCEDURE THAT HE’S DONE FOR HUNDREDS OF TIMES BUT FOR THE FIRST TIME HE’S MOSTLY WATCHING.>>I WILL ONLY CUT IT BASED ON WHERE WE HAVE MODELED IT.>>Reporter: THE ROBOTIC ARM PRECISELY CHISELS EACH BONE SO THAT SURGEONS CAN CAP IT WITH A KNEE IMPLANT.>>I’M WALKING FINE AND I’M WALKING STRAIGHT. I’M GREAT. I’M SO THRILLED.>>Reporter: JUST A SMALL PART OF PETER SPORTA’S KNEE WAS INJURED, BUT MOST WOULD HAVE DONE A FULL KNEE REPLACEMENT. ROBOTIC SURGERY MAKES PARTIAL REPLACEMENT EASIER, BY REDUCING THE RISK OF A BAD CUT MUCH.>>THE BIGGEST DIFFERENCE IS THE ABILITY TO GET THE ALIGNMENT OF THE IMPLANT EXACTLY WHERE YOU WANT.>>Reporter: MORE ACCURATE, SMALLER INCISIONS, LESS BLOOD LOSS, QUICKER RECOVERY TIMES ARE ALL POINTS FOR ROBOTIC DEVICES. THE AMERICAN HOSPITALS QUICKLY BOUGHT INTO THE MARKETING NEARLY 20 YEARS AGO. AND THEY DID SO WITHOUT MUCH EVIDENCE. POTENTIALLY PUTTING PATIENTS AT RISK.>>NEWER DOESN’T ALWAYS MEAN BETTER.>>Reporter: THE U.S. FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION RECENTLY WARNED ABOUT USING ROBOTIC ASSISTANCE IN SOME CANCER SURGERIES. RESEARCHERS FOUND THAT SOME WOMEN WITH CERVICAL CANCER WHO HAD MINIMALLY INVASIVE ROBOTIC PROCEDURES MAY NOT LIVE AS LONG AS THOSE WHO UNDERWENT A TRADITIONAL SURGERY THOUGH IT’S NOT ENTIRELY CLEAR WHY.>>FOR MANY PROCEDURES AND MANY DISEASES THERE ISN’T LONG-TERM DATA AVAILABLE TO EITHER PROVE THE SAFETY OF ROBOTIC SURGERY OR DETERMINE THAT IT’S SUPERIOR TO OTHER ALTERNATIVES.>>Reporter: CANADIAN HOSPITALS THAT HAVE PURCHASED THESE MULTIMILLION DOLLAR DEVICES HAVE LARGELY DONE SO WITH PRIVATE MONEY. BUT AN EXPERT COMMITTEE IN ONTARIO ACTUALLY RECOMMENDED AGAINST FUNDING THE MOST POPULAR ROBOTICALLY ASSISTED SURGERY FOR PROSTATE CANCER.>>WE HAVEN’T FOUND THAT THE CURE RATES ARE HIGHER WITH THE USE OF THE ROBOT AND THEN, OF COURSE, WE LOOK AT THINGS LIKE COMPLICATIONS. AND WITH PROSTATE SURGERY THE BIG COMPLICATIONS ARE URINARY DYSFUNCTION AND SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION. AND, AGAIN, THERE’S NO GOOD EVIDENCE THAT USING THE ROBOT REDUCES THE RATES OF THOSE COMPLICATIONS.>>Reporter: ADD TO THAT ROBOTICALLY ASSISTED PROCEDURES OFTEN TAKE LONGER TO DO AND ON AVERAGE COST OVER $3,000 MORE PER PATIENT. DR. ODILLY AND HIS TEAM ARE NOW GATHERING EVIDENCE FOR THIS NEW ROBOT AND AN OLD ONE BY CONDUCTING RANDOMIZED TRIALS.>>THAT WAY WE CAN DEFINITIVELY ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS SO WE CAN SAY TO THE PAYER THAT THERE IS ADVANTAGE FOR THIS TECHNOLOGY, FOR THIS SUBSET GROUP OF PEOPLE AND THESE ARE THE OUTCOMES THAT YOU CAN EXPECT. THAT’S THE DISCUSSION WE NEED. WE’RE NOT THERE YET.>>Reporter: BUT FROM WHAT HE HAS SEEN SO FAR, SPORTA IS SOLD. CHRISTINE BIRAK, CBC NEWS, HAMILTON, ONTARIO.>>Andrew: AND OUR “MOMENT” IS COMING UP. HOW A TRAGIC PLANE CRASH IN ETHIOPIA BECAME A GLOBAL ONE.>>AND I NOW INVITE ALL REPRESENTATIVES TO STAND AND TO OBSERVE A MINUTE OF SILENCE IN HONOUR OF THE VICTIMS.>>I have my kids tonight… but I can find a sitter, or I could just give them a couple knives and let the best man win. I’ll be there. I’m going to go. * >>Adrienne: WHEN A PLANE GOES DOWN, IT CAN AFFECT THE WHOLE WORLD, IT CERTAINLY DID THIS WEEKEND. SO MANY NATIONALITIES ON BOARD THAT ETHIOPIAN AIRLINE FLIGHT, SOME ON MARCH BREAK, SOME TRAVELLING FOR WORK AND SOME JUST ANXIOUS TO SEE FAMILY. THOSE WHO WERE LOST ARE ON THE MINDS OF SO MANY TONIGHT IN SO MANY DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE WORLD. THESE EXPRESSIONS OF GLOBAL GRIEF MARK OUR “MOMENT.” [CRYING]>>THIS IS INDEED A SAD DAY FOR MANY AROUND THE WORLD AND ARE THE U.N. IN PARTICULAR.>>[indiscernible]>>HE WAS JUST SO CHARACTERISTIC WITH HIS VOICE, YOU CAN STILL HEAR IT IN THE HALLS AND IT’S A REALLY, REALLY BIG LOSS. I DON’T THINK THAT WORDS CAN EXPLAIN HOW BIG A LOSS THIS IS.>>AND THE WORLD TAKES THE GOOD PEOPLE FROM US, THAT’S WHAT I BELIEVE.>>Adrienne: SO, YOU KNOW, THIS IS A REALLY HARD ONE TODAY, RIGHT? BECAUSE THERE AREN’T ENOUGH WORDS AND CERTAINLY NOT ENOUGH OF THE RIGHT WORDS TO DESCRIBE WHAT PEOPLE ARE GOING THROUGH. AND EVERY TIME WE LEARN A FEW MORE DETAILS ABOUT PEOPLE’S LIVES IT GETS HARDER. INCREDIBLY 35 DIFFERENT COUNTRIES WERE REPRESENTED ON THAT PLANE. AND IT’S KENYA, WE’RE TALKING A LOT ABOUT CANADA TODAY BUT IT’S KENYA THAT LOST THE MOST PEOPLE — 32.>>Andrew: AND IT’S IN NAIROBI, KENYA, WHERE WE SAW THAT SCENE WITH A MINUTE OF SILENCE AND WHERE SO MANY PEOPLE ON THAT PLANE UPON HEADING FOR A U.N. ENVIRONMENT CONFERENCE. AND THAT CONFERENCE HAD A STATEMENT TODAY SAYING WE LOST MANY DEFENDERS OF PEACE AND ENVIRONMENT, CULTURE, HUMANITY. LET’S HONOUR THEM BY MAKING OUR WORLD A BETTER PLACE FOR ALL. LET THIS BE THE SPIRIT OF THE U.N. ENVIRONMENT ASSEMBLY STARTING TODAY.>>Ian: EVERY ONE OF THESE FAR AWAY TRAGEDIES, WHETHER IT’S A CRASHER A MUDSLIDE OR AN EARTHQUAKE, EVERY ONE OF THESE DEATHS IS TRAGIC BUT, BOY, THERE’S SURE SOMETHING ABOUT THE CONNECTION TO CANADA THAT WE HAVE SEEN HERE AND ALL OF THOSE BEDROOMS AND OFFICES AND THOSE HOMES WHERE PEOPLE THOUGHT THAT THEY’D BE BACK IN A WEEK OR TWO. BUT IN ANY CASE THEY’LL NEVER BE BACK.>>>THAT IS “THE NATIONAL” FOR THIS MONDAY, MARCH 11th. GOODNIGHT.>>Adrienne: GOODNIGHT.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *