The National for June 17, 2019 — Raptors Parade, Toronto Shooting, Uninsurable Homes


>>Adrienne: TONIGHT HISTORY COMES HOME. TORONTO AT A STANDSTILL AS CANADA CHEERS THE RAPTORS.>>WE THE WORLD CHAMPIONS.>>Adrienne: FROM CELEBRATION TO TENSION. WHAT HAPPENED IN THE CROWD. (*)>>SO WHY WON’T THE LIBERALS JUST ADMIT THEY DON’T WANT PIPELINES?>>Rosemary: WILL OTTAWA GREEN LIGHT THE TRANS MOUNTAIN PIPELINE EXPANSION? WHAT WE KNOW AHEAD OF TOMORROW’S ANNOUNCEMENT.>>WE CALL THIS OUR SEAWALL.>>Adrienne: AND IN-DEPTH ON THE IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE.>>WE CAN’T DELETE THE WHOLE NORTH.>>>Adrienne: WHAT IT COULD COST YOU. FROM CANADA’S NORTH TO YOUR BACKYARD, THIS IS “THE NATIONAL.” (*) (*)>>>GOOD OLD TORONTO HAS NEVER LOOKED QUITE LIKE THIS, ENTIRELY BRIMMING WITH JOY. THE DOWNTOWN BASICALLY SHUTDOWN. THE CITY EFFECTIVELY IS GIVING ITSELF THE DAY OFF BECAUSE, AFTER ALL, TODAY WAS THE DAY THAT THE RAPTORS CAME HOME.>>I’VE GOT ONE QUESTION FOR YOU — ARE YOU READY?>>Adrienne: ESTIMATES SAY THAT THIS COULD BE UP TO TWO MILLION PEOPLE UNIFIED BY ONE TEAM AND ONE FEELING. THIS CROWD BROUGHT A WIDE STRETCH OF TORONTO’S DOWNTOWN TO A TOTAL STANDSTILL. THE PARADE ROUTE BRIMMING WITH SO MANY THAT IT TOOK NEARLY FIVE HOURS TO TRAVEL LESS THAN FIVE KILOMETRES. THE PLAYERS SOAKED IN A KIND OF MOMENT THAT THEY COULD ONLY GET HERE, ONLY NOW.>>IT’S AMAZING AND EVERYBODY IS OUT, I DON’T BELIEVE THAT NOBODY WENT INTO WORK TODAY.>>Adrienne: THE RAPTORS NOW HAVE THE KEY TO THE CITY. A DAY NAMED AFTER THEM AND A STREET.>>THE RAPTORS WAY. [Cheers and Applause]>>Adrienne: TORONTO’S MAYOR AND ONTARIO PREMIER AND OPPOSITION PARTY LEADS AND THE PRIME MINISTER JOINED THE JUBILATION THAT FANS ACROSS CANADA HAVE BEEN FEELING SINCE THE RAPS’ GAME SIX WIN LAST THURSDAY.>>Prime Minister Justin Trudeau: WHAT WE SAW HERE WAS THE COUNTRY COMING TOGETHER AND THAT’S WHAT WE CELEBRATE.>>Adrienne: A CELEBRATION FOR THE FIRST CANADIAN TEAM TO WIN A MAJOR PRO SPORT IN 26 YEARS.>>YOU DESERVE THIS IN THE BEST WAY POSSIBLE. MAKE SOME NOISE FOR YOUR TEAM, THE GREATEST IN THE WORLD.>>Interview: YET STEPS AWAY THERE WAS A DIFFERENT KIND OF NOISE — GUNFIRE LEFT FOUR PEOPLE INJURED. SOMETHING THAT JUST DIDN’T FIT WITH THE DAY OF CELEBRATION AND, FRANKLY, LOVE. WITH SO MANY POLICE AND PARAMEDICS NEARBY THAT BURST OF VIOLENCE WAS CONTAINED. THE MOOD FOR MANY UNDIMMED. AND AS KATIE NICHOLSON SHOWS US, THAT RESPONSE ALSO REVEALED SOMETHING ABOUT THE SPIRIT OF THE DAY.>>Reporter: A CAMERA TRYING TO CAPTURE A MOMENT OF TRIUMPH UNEXPECTEDLY CAUGHT A MOMENT OF TERROR. SHOTS FIRED IN THE MIDDLE OF A PACKED CROWD. MOMENTS OF PANIC AND CONFUSION. THE CROWD SCATTERED. AND FIRST RESPONDERS MOVED IN.>>PEOPLE STARTED COMING AND THEN PEOPLE STARTED FALLING DOWN AND I SAW MY WIFE ON THE GROUND AND ANOTHER GIRL. AND WE FOUND ANOTHER FRIEND AND STARTED HOLDING PEOPLE AND WE DIDN’T KNOW AND WE JUST RAN AWAY.>>WE ALL RAN. TERRIFYING. IT WAS LIKE A STAMPEDE, LIKE COMING OUT OF A MOVIE.>>Reporter: POLICE DON’T KNOW HOW MANY WERE INJURED IN THAT STAMPEDE BUT THEY KNOW THAT FOUR PEOPLE HAVE GUNSHOT WOUNDS.>>NONE OF THEM ARE LIFE-THREATENING AT THIS POINT IN TIME, BUT I’M GRATEFUL THAT THE RESOLVE TO THE SITUATION WAS AS QUICK AS IT WAS AND WE WERE READY TO CONTINUE ON WITH THE REST OF THE EVENT.>>Reporter: WITH SO MANY PEOPLE JAMMED INTO A FEW CITY BLOCKS IT COULD HAVE BEEN WORSE. MUCH WORSE.>>WHY WOULD ANYBODY BRING A WEAPON TO AN EVENT LIKE THAT AND THEN BRINGS A WEAPON AND USES IT IN A PUBLIC SPACE? FRANKLY, IT’S AN OUTRAGEOUS OFFENSE. AND IT’S AN OFFENSE THAT VICTIMIZES THE ENTIRE CITY.>>Reporter: BUT TORONTO WAS IN NO MOOD TO BE VICTIMIZED TODAY. CALM PREVAILED. IN LARGE PART THANKS TO SOME COACHING FROM THE STAGE.>>WE WANT TO MAKE SURE THAT EVERYBODY STAYS CALM RIGHT NOW, OKAY, PLEASE STAY CALM. WE’RE DEALING — I’M GETTING INFORMATION THAT WE’RE DEALING WITH A SITUATION THAT IS NOT FAR FROM HERE. THIS IS SERIOUS.>>Reporter: TODAY WOULD NOT BE ABOUT A SHOOTING, TODAY WOULD BE ABOUT ONE THING –>>THIS IS ABOUT LOVE, IT’S ABOUT REJOICING, AND IT’S ABOUT THE TORONTO RAPTORS. AND IT’S ABOUT YOU, THE GREATEST FANS IN THE WORLD.>>Reporter: KATIE NICHOLSON, CBC NEWS, TORONTO.>>Adrienne: SO THAT WAS A DANGEROUS DIVERSION, BUT AS HE SAID THERE, REMEMBER WHAT THE DAY WAS ABOUT — THE CELEBRATION. THE RAPTORS MAY HAVE MADE THE CELEBRATION HAPPEN, BUT IT WAS THEIR FANS WHO MADE IT SO POWERFUL. CHRIS GLOVER SHOWS US THAT EXPERIENCE.>>Reporter: AS THE RAPTORS PARADED IN LIKE ROYALTY, FANS BOWED DOWN TO THEM.>>I CAN’T BELIEVE THAT WE GOT THAT CLOSE. I’M OVERWHELMED.>>Reporter: AND OVERWHELMING CROWDS LINING THE STREETS, 30 TO 40 PEOPLE DEEP. MANY TAKING WILD RISKS TO GET THE BEST VANTAGE POINTS.>>THIS IS GREAT FOR THE CITY. THIS IS GREAT FOR THE COUNTRY. GO, RAPTORS, RIGHT? GO, RAPTORS?>>Reporter: FANS CAME FROM EVERYWHERE.>>ALL THE WAY FROM WINDSOR.>>ALL THE WAY FROM MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA.>>Reporter: AND NO ONE SEEMED TO MIND WAITING. WHAT DO YOU THINK THAT THIS PLACE WILL LOOK LIKE AND SOUND LIKE AS SOON AS THE RAPTORS’ BUS COMES THROUGH HERE?>>LIKE A VOLCANO IS ABOUT TO ERUPT.>>Reporter: EVEN THE LITTLE ONES PRACTISED PATIENCE.>>AND IT’S SO EXCITING BECAUSE I’VE NEVER MET THEM BEFORE. WELL, I’VE NEVER SEEN THEM IN PERSON.>>Reporter: MOST TURNING THIS MONDAY INTO AN EXTRA LONG WEEKEND.>>LET’S GO, BABY!>>Reporter: FOR THOSE WHO WERE WORKING TODAY THAT BASICALLY STOPPED AND FOR LONG PERIODS OF TIME SO DID THE PARADE ITSELF. SO MANY PEOPLE THAT THE STREETS WERE CLOGGED AND THE CHANTS CHANGED.>>MOVE BACK! MOVE BACK! MOVE BACK!>>Reporter: HE LEFT TORONTO YEARS AGO FOR AUSTRALIA BUT AS THE RAPTORS NEARED THE TROPHY HE FLEW HOME.>>I’VE TRIED TO FIND WORDS TO DESCRIBE THIS BUT I’VE NEVER FELT THIS UNITY IN OUR CITY, MAN, IN OUR COUNTRY.>>Reporter: MOST HAVEN’T. IT’S BEEN DECADES SINCE THE BLUE JAYS WORLD SERIES PARADE IN THE 1990s. MIRA GUPTA REMEMBERS IT.>>I THINK THAT TODAY IS BETTER, REALLY. IT SEEMS BIGGER, BETTER, AND I DON’T KNOW, WE’RE OVERJOYED.>>Reporter: AS THE SUPERSTARS CAME OUT, ALL EYES WERE ON ONE GUY WITH FREE AGENCY AROUND THE CORNER, KAWHI LEONARD HAS BEEN OFFERED CONDOS AND HONOURARY BACHELOR DEGREES. TODAY A HOUSEPLANT.>>* WE ARE THE CHAMPIONS >>Reporter: WE’LL SEE IF THE LOVE AND ADMIRATION OF A NATION IS ENOUGH. CHRIS GLOVER, CBC NEWS, TORONTO.>>Adrienne: SO ON TOP OF THE BUSES, A CELEBRATION DRENCHED IN CHAMPAGNE AND A BIT OF GOLD. PLAYERS PARTIED WITH THEIR FAMILIES AND RAPTORS STAFF AND, OF COURSE, DRAKE. GREG ROSS RODE RIGHT ALONG WITH THEM AND CAPTURED THE VIBE RIGHT UP TOP.>>THE CITY IS AMAZING. LOOK AT THE TURNOUT. AND WE AIN’T EVEN HALFWAY THERE AND WE HAVE BEEN ON THE BUS OR THE BOAT FOR TWO HOURS.>>Reporter: IT’S NOT OFTEN THAT YOU GET THIS KIND OF ACCESS.>>SO WE APPRECIATE Y’ALL.>>Reporter: — TO WORLD CHAMPIONS.>>WHAT UP, CBC NEWS? WE’RE ACROSS CANADA RIGHT NOW…>>Reporter: AFTER THE LASER FOCUS THAT IT TOOK TO WIN THE NBA TITLE, THE RAPTORS JOINED THE CELEBRATION THAT TORONTO AND THE COUNTRY HAVE BEEN HAPPENING — HAVING SINCE THURSDAY’S BIG WIN.>>AND WE’VE GOT CHAMPAGNE OVER HERE. AND I GOT MY WIFE OVER HERE TOO AND MY SISTER, EVERYBODY IS HERE.>>Reporter: A TOP FIVE DOUBLE-DECKER BUSES THEY JOINED THE FANS IN THE STREETS AND PLAYED BALL WITH US TOO. FIRST OF ALL WE HAVE TO ASK ABOUT THE NEW HAIRDO.>>I LET MY HAIR DOWN LITERALLY AND RELAX AND HAVE A BIT OF FUN, MAN.>>Reporter: RIGHT UNDERNEATH DRAKE IF I CAN. WE’RE LIVE — LIVE ON CBC.>>WE’RE THE GREATEST IN THE WORLD, THE CHAMPIONS.>>Reporter: PHONES FROM THE CROWD CAPTURED THE MOMENT. THE PLAYERS WERE DOCUMENTING IT TOO. [Cheers and Applause] HAVE YOU EVER SEEN ANYTHING LIKE THIS BEFORE IN YOUR LIFE?>>MAN, THIS IS A DREAM. I WILL TELL YOU RIGHT NOW, I’M LIVING A DREAM RIGHT NOW.>>Reporter: THE WAVING AND TOASTING WENT ON FOR HOURS, LONGER THAN EXPECTED, AS THE PROCESSION CRAWLED THROUGH THE STREETS OF TORONTO. BUT THE DELAYS DIDN’T KILL THE ENERGY, ONLY EXTENDED THE CELEBRATION. WE’RE, WHAT, THREE OR FOUR HOURS LATE BUT HERE WE ARE. CULMINATING ON THE STAGE NEAR CITY HALL WHERE THE PLAYERS SPOKE TO THE CROWD.>>THIS GROUP OF GUYS LET ME DO WHAT I DO ON THE FLOOR, AND LET ME DO WHAT I DO, AND NOW WE’VE GOT A CHAMPIONSHIP. [Applause]>>Reporter: AND THE NOTORIOUSLY SUBDUED M.V.P. HAD THE LAST LAUGH.>>AH-HA-HA-HA. YEAH! [Cheers and Applause]>>Reporter: KAWHI LEONARD ACTUALLY POKING FUN AT HIMSELF TODAY AT THIS RALLY. NOW YOU MAY REMEMBER BACK IN THE BEGINNING OF THE SEASON KAWHI LEONARD’S FIRST PRESS CONFERENCE AS A MEMBER OF THE RAPTORS. HE HAD A BIT OF AN AWKWARD MOMENT. HE LET OUT A NERVOUS LAUGH THAT BECAME AN INSTANT INTERNET MEME. AND SOME PEOPLE WERE POKING FUN AT HIM BACK THEN BUT TODAY IT SEEMED THAT EVERYONE WAS LAUGHING WITH HIM.>>Adrienne: GREG, ONLY YOU COULD HAVE CRAWLED ON TOP OF THOSE BUSES AND BEEN WELCOMED BY THOSE PLAYERS. YOU HAVE BEEN WITH THE TEAM IN OAKLAND AND THE CROWD OUT THERE TODAY. I KNOW THAT IT’S HARD TO PICK ONE FOR YOU, BUT IS THERE A STANDOUT MOMENT FOR YOU THIS SEASON?>>Reporter: WELL, FOR ME IT HAS TO BE GAME FOUR IN OAKLAND. THE RAPTORS JUST FINISHED WINNING THEIR THIRD GAME OF THIS SERIES TO TAKE A 3-1 LEAD. AND IT SEEMED THAT THERE WERE THOUSANDS OF FANS THAT HAD MADE THE TRIP FROM CANADA TO BE THERE FROM ALL ACROSS THE COUNTRY. AND THEY ALL GATHERED AT ONE CORNER OF THE ARENA. THEY ALL STARTED SINGING “O CANADA” TOGETHER AND STARTED CHANTING, “WE THE NORTH.” IT WAS AN INCREDIBLE MOMENT AND THEY WOULDN’T LEAVE. THEY WERE THERE FOR ABOUT 45 MINUTES AFTER THE GAME AND THEY WERE READY TO COME HOME AND TAKE THE SERIES AT HOME. IT DIDN’T HAPPEN. BUT THEY WENT BACK TO OAKLAND AND WON IT. BUT WHAT A GREAT MOMENT THAT WAS, ADRIENNE, AFTER GAME FOUR.>>Adrienne: ALL RIGHT, GREG, THANK YOU VERY MUCH. YOU ARE HANDS DOWN OUR M.V.P. OF THE RAPTOR COVERAGE. THANK YOU. WE’LL HAVE MORE RAPTORS’ COVERAGE AHEAD. FIRST, LOOK AT THIS — A CLASSY MOMENT COMPLIMENTS OF THE GOLDEN STATE WARRIORS. DON’T FORGET THAT IS THE TEAM THAT RAPTORS BEAT. AND THAT’S A FULL-PAGE AD IN THE “TORONTO STAR” CONGRATULATING THE RAPTORS ON MAKING HISTORY.>>>NOW IF WE CAN TURN AWAY FROM RAPTORS’ BIG DAY TOWARDS A PRESSING ISSUE AFFECTING ALL CANADIANS, ONE THAT PARLIAMENT NOW DECLARE A NATIONAL CLIMATE EMERGENCY. AFTER A VOTE IN THE HOUSE OF COMMONS LATE TONIGHT. CANADIANS IN OVERWHELMING NUMBERS NOW ACCEPT THAT OUR CLIMATE IS CHANGING WITH DEVASTATING, EVEN DEADLY CONSEQUENCES. HOW WE DEAL WITH THAT HAS GONE FROM A CONCERN TO ONE OF THE TOP BALLOT BOX ISSUES AHEAD OF THE FEDERAL ELECTION. CLIMATE CHANGE SIMPLY IMPACTS HOW WE LIVE, EVEN WHERE WE LIVE. FROM B.C. TO FORT McMURRAY TO CENTRAL AND ATLANTIC CANADA, WE CAN SEE IT WITH OUR OWN EYES. MORE FIRES, MORE FLOODS, MORE EXTREME WEATHER. ALL OF THIS WEEK “THE NATIONAL” EXPLORES THE IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE “IN OUR BACKYARD.” SO TONIGHT WE START AS CLOSE TO HOME AS YOU CAN GET. CANADIANS HAVE SEEN DEVASTATION FROM RECENT EXTREME FLOODING, BUT FOR SOME IT IS SO BAD THAT INSURANCE COMPANIES DO NOT WANT TO TAKE THE RISK ANYMORE. PETER ARMSTRONG EXPLAINS WHAT THAT COULD MEAN FOR YOU.>>Reporter: THIS ISN’T EXACTLY WATERFRONT PROPERTY AND YET THIS NORTH TORONTO NEIGHBOURHOOD IS THE NEW FRONTLINE IN THE RACE TO ADAPT TO CLIMATE CHANGE.>>SO THE WATER IS LIKE UP TO HERE…>>UP TO HERE. THERE’S A GLASS IN THE BASEMENT DOOR THAT BREAKS.>>Reporter: MIKE MATTOS’ BASEMENT WAS RUINED WHEN A FREAK STORM FLOODED HIS NEIGHBOURHOOD IN 2013. THAT STORM WAS JUST THE FIRST OF MANY HERE, FUNDAMENTALLY CHANGES HOW WE THINK OF FLOOD RISK.>>WE’VE GOT CLIMATE CHANGE WITH THESE SUDDEN STORMS. WE’VE GOT URBANIZATION WITH THESE RUNOFF ISSUES AND WE HAVE BAD INFRASTRUCTURE.>>Reporter: INSTEAD OF RESTORING WHAT HE LOST, MATTOS USED INSURANCE MONEY AND ANOTHER $40,000 OF HIS OWN TO FORTIFY HIS HOUSE.>>WELL, WE CALL THIS OUR SEAWALL.>>Reporter: HE’S BUILT UP A CONCRETE BARRIER AROUND HIS BACK DOOR AND INSTALLED A SERIES OF SUMP PUMPS. HE HAS INSURANCE BUT LIKE MANY HERE MATTOS WONDERS HOW LONG HE’LL REMAIN INSURABLE.>>IF I GET FLOODED VERY OFTEN THEY’LL CANCEL IT.>>Reporter: AS BOTH THE SEVERITY AND THE FREQUENCY OF THOSE STORMS RISES, AS OUTDATED INFRASTRUCTURE DECISIONS COME HOME TO ROOST, IT’S NOT JUST HOMEOWNERS WORRIED ABOUT ALL OF THAT WATER. CLIMATE CHANGE IS MASSIVE. WE PROTECT ONE IN FIVE CANADIANS.>>Reporter: THE C.E.O. OF ONE OF CANADA’S BIGGEST INSURANCE COMPANIES HAS MADE CLIMATE CHANGE A COMPANY PRIORITY.>>IT IS EXISTENTIAL FOR OUR BUSINESS.>>Reporter: THEY ARE USING DATA TO DRIVE CHANGE, FUNDING ONE OF CANADA’S BIGGEST CLIMATE CHANGE RESEARCH CENTRES AT THE UNIVERSITY OF WATERLOO. AND THE NUMBERS AREN’T PRETTY. THIS KIND OF FLOODING IS GOING TO GET WORSE AND, YES, BRINDAMOUR ADMITS THAT SOME HOMES WILL BECOME UNINSURABLE.>>IF YOU’RE IN A ZONE THAT GETS FLOODED REPEATEDLY OR HAS AN INCREASE, WILL BE HARD TO FIND INSURANCE FROM PRIVATE CAPITALS.>>Reporter: FOR DECADES OUR SOCIETY DEBATED WHETHER THESE CHANGES WERE EVEN HAPPENING AND EVEN IF THEY WERE, WAS ANYTHING CHANGES WERE EVEN HAPPENING AND EVEN IF THEY WERE, WAS ANYTHING GOING TO CHANGE IN OUR NEIGHBOURHOODS? IT’S ALL TOO REAL. BUT IT’S NO LONGER ENVIRONMENTALISTS SAYING THAT, IT’S A $16.5 BILLION INSURANCE COMPANY THAT IS IN THE BUSINESS OF RISK. AND RIGHT NOW THEY SAY THAT RISK IS BOOMING.>>Adrienne: SO, PETER, THAT’S JUST ONE OF THE DIFFICULT COSTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE BUT LET’S TALK ABOUT THE BROADER BILL.>>Reporter: RIGHT. AND IT’S A BILL THAT WE’RE GOING TO HAVE TO ALL PAY AND IT’S A TAB THAT IS GOING UP EVERY SINGLE YEAR, ADRIENNE. 1983 TO 2008, CANADIAN INSURANCE COMPANIES PAID OUT AN AVERAGE LIKE $400 MILLION. NOW THOUGH WITH SO MANY CLIMATE-RELATED DISASTERS THE AVERAGE HAS GONE UP TO $1.8 BILLION A YEAR. THE INSURANCE INDUSTRY EXPECTS THE EASTERN HALF OF COUNTRY TO BECOME 20% WETTER, AND THE WESTERN HALF OF THE COUNTRY TO BECOME 20% DRYER. AND AS OF THE END OF LAST MONTH, WE HAD VAST SWATHS OF THE PRAIRIES THAT WERE DEEMED ABNORMALLY DRY BY THE MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE. THAT RISING HEAT IS HELPING TO INCREASE THE FREQUENCY, THE INTENSITY, AND THE EXTENT OF FOREST FIRES IN CANADA. 2016’S FIRE IN FORT McMURRAY, THE MOST EXPENSIVE NATURAL DISASTER IN CANADIAN HISTORY. AND AS YOU CAN IMAGINE THE ANNUAL BILL THEN FOR FIRE PREVENTION THAT HAS BEEN ON A STEADY RISE NOW REGULARLY TOPPING A BILLION DOLLARS A YEAR. AND WHILE ONE SIDE OF THE COUNTRY GETS HOTTER AND DRYER, THE OTHER IS GETTING WETTER. BRIDGES, WATER AND WASTE WATER SYSTEMS, THEY WERE BUILT TO WITHSTAND THESE 100-YEAR STORMS AND THEY NOW STRAIN AS THESE STORMS HIT EVERY FEW YEARS. AND UPDATING THAT INFRASTRUCTURE IS GOING TO COST BILLIONS. BUT THERE’S NO ONE SINGLE AGENCY THAT IS RESPONSIBLE.>>THE GOOD THING HERE IS THAT THE DISTRIBUTIVE NATURE OF THE RISK AND THE REAL ISSUE THAT WE STRUGGLE WITH IN THE GREATER TORONTO AREA IS THAT THE RISK IS NOT LOCALIZED TO ONE PLACE.>>Adrienne: OKAY, SO THAT IS FRIGHTENING ENOUGH. BUT WHAT I ALWAYS THINK WHEN I HEAR SOMETHING LIKE THAT IS WHAT ON EARTH ARE WE SUPPOSED TO DO WITH THAT INFORMATION?>>Reporter: THAT’S THE TRICKY PART. AND IN A LOT OF WAYS THAT’S WHY CBC IS DOING THIS SERIES NOW. IS TO TRY TO NOT JUST UNVEIL THE DATA, BUT EXPLORE SOME OF THAT. AND THOSE STORIES ARE COMING UP. BUT IT’S ALSO IMPORTANT TO SAY THAT KNOWING IS IMPORTANT — KNOWING THAT IT’S GOING TO BE CONSUMERS AND BUSINESSES AND GOVERNMENT AT ALL LEVELS TO PICK UP THE COST IS THE FIRST STEP TO FIGURE OUT HOW ON EARTH WE’RE GOING TO RESOLVE IT.>>Adrienne: OKAY, PETER, THANK YOU VERY MUCH.>>Reporter: YOU BET.>>Adrienne: AND STILL AHEAD ON “THE NATIONAL,” HOW CLIMATE CHANGE IS CONTRIBUTING TO THE SLOW EROSION OF A NORTHERN CANADIAN TOWN.>>HERE IT’S REALLY HAPPENING FAST. WE GOT NO TIME TO WASTE.>>Reporter: WHAT DO YOU FEAR?>>WELL, I FEAR THAT MY HOUSE CAN FALL INTO THE OCEAN.>>Adrienne: SUSAN ORMISTON EXPLORES THE EFFECTS OF CANADA’S THAWING PERMAFROST, HOW IT’S IMPACTING COMMUNITIES AND THE DEMPSTER HIGHWAY THAT CONNECTS THEM TO THE REST OF THE COUNTRY.>>>ROSIE, THE DEBATE ON HOW TO BEST MANAGE CLIMATE CHANGE IS FRONT AND CENTRE IN OTTAWA TOMORROW.>>Rosemary: YEAH, IN A DIFFERENT WAY THOUGH, ADRIENNE. THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IS EXPECTED TO ANNOUNCE WHETHER THE TRANSMOUNTAIN EXPANSION WILL, IN FACT, MOVE AHEAD. THE $7.4 BILLION PROJECT WOULD TRIPLE THE PIPELINE’S CAPACITY BUT THE DEBATE HAS BEEN POLARIZING AND FILLED WITH PASSION. DAVID COCHRANE NOW ON THE PRESSURE THAT THE GOVERNMENT IS UNDER.>>Reporter: M.P.s CAN SEE THE PRESSURE ON THEIR WAY TO WORK.>>(Speaker of the House): ORAL QUESTIONS.>>Reporter: THEY CAN HEAR IT WHEN THEY GET THERE.>>SO WHY WON’T THE LIBERALS JUST ADMIT THEY DON’T WANT PIPELINES AND THAT THE TRANS MOUNTAIN WILL NEVER ACTUALLY GET BUILT UNDER THEIR WATCH?>>Reporter: CONSERVATIVES WANT SHOVELS IN THE GROUND. THE N.D.P. WANTS NAILS IN A COFFIN.>>WHY DON’T LIBERALS SIDE WITH CANADIANS TOMORROW AND CANCEL THE TRANS MOUNTAIN EXPANSION PROJECT?>>Reporter: IT SHOWS THE POLITICAL SQUEEZE THAT THE LIBERALS ARE FACING AS A GOVERNMENT DETERMINED TO FIGHT CLIMATE CHANGE WHILE ALSO GETTING ALBERTA OIL TO MARKET.>>WELL, MR. SPEAKER, ON THE ONE HAND YOU HAVE THEM AND THEY DON’T GET THE ENVIRONMENT. ON THE OTHER HAND YOU HAVE THE N.D.P. AND THEY DON’T GET THE ECONOMY.>>Reporter: THE GOVERNMENT INSISTS THERE’S NO FINAL DECISION BUT FOR WEEKS NOW THEY’VE BEEN STOCKPILING PIPE ALONG THE CONSTRUCTION ROUTE, A STEP TO HELP TO RESTART THE PROJECT QUICKLY. IT’S BEEN MORE THAN A YEAR SINCE THE FINANCE MINISTER ANNOUNCED THAT CANADA WAS BUYING THE PIPELINE, 10 MONTHS SINCE A FEDERAL COURT STOPPED CONSTRUCTION AND ORDERED MORE CONSULTATIONS WITH INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES. ALL OF THAT’S BEEN DONE. AND WHILE BILL MORNEAU ISN’T SAYING IF IT’S BEEN ENOUGH TO SATISFY THE COURTS, GOVERNMENT SOURCES TELL CBC NEWS THE PLAN IS FOR A FORMAL ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE DECISION ONE WAY OR ANOTHER TO COME AFTER MARKETS CLOSE ON TUESDAY. ANOTHER SIGN AS TO WHERE THIS DECISION MIGHT BE GOING IS WHERE BILL MORNEAU IS GOING LATER THIS WEEK. THE FINANCE MINISTER IS SET TO GIVE AN ECONOMIC SPEECH IN CALGARY ON WEDNESDAY, THE DAY AFTER THIS PIPELINE DECISION IS DUE. NOT THE SORT OF TRIP THAT A MINISTER MAKES IF HE’S ABOUT TO DISAPPOINT THE OILPATCH. DAVID COCHRANE, CBC NEWS, OTTAWA.>>Rosemary: WE’LL HAVE MORE NEWS STRAIGHT AHEAD, INCLUDING THIS SCENE IN HONG KONG AFTER MILLIONS DEMONSTRATED IN THE STREETS THIS WEEKEND.>>Adrienne: AND WE’LL HAVE MORE ON THE CROWDS IN TORONTO WHO CAME OUT TODAY TO OBVIOUSLY CELEBRATE THE RAPTORS. (*) (*) * O CANADA WE STAND ON GUARD FOR THEE * * O CANADA (*)>>Adrienne: CROWDS NO LONGER NUMBER IN THE MILLION BUT ANGER IN HONG KONG OVER AN EXTRADITION BILL IN LIMBO. DEMONSTRATORS WANT IT KILLED AND THE HONG KONG LEADER CARRIE LAM GONE. AS SASA PETRICIC REPORTS, HOW TO ACHIEVE THAT WITH MOMENTUM.>>Reporter: BEFORE DAWN MONDAY MORNING HONG KONG ROADS WERE BLOCKED AGAIN, BUT BECAUSE OF A DETERMINED FEW, RATHER THAN A MASS OF THOUSANDS. UNION MEMBERS SHOWING THEIR SUPPORT. STUDENT PROTESTERS SLEEPING OFTEN ALL-NIGHT VIGILS. AND FROM THE FINANCIAL TOWERS NEARBY, ONE HEDGE FUND MANAGER.>>THE HONG KONG GOVERNMENT SHOULD REALLY THINK INDEPENDENTLY, JUST NOT LISTEN TO BEIJING.>>Reporter: IT WAS A FAR CRY FROM SUNDAY’S MASS PROTESTS. WHEN AS MANY AS TWO MILLION PEOPLE JAMMED HONG KONG’S CORE, DEMANDING THAT ITS CHINESE-BACKED GOVERNMENT ABANDON PLANS FOR A LAW THAT WOULD ALLOW EXTRADITIONS TO MAINLAND CHINA. THE PLEDGE TO SUSPEND THOSE PLANS FROM HONG KONG’S LEADER ISN’T GOOD ENOUGH AND NEITHER IS THE APOLOGY FOR HOW SHE HANDLED THE CONTROVERSY.>>I THINK THAT IT’S NOT ALL ABOUT APOLOGIZING ANYMORE. IT IS ABOUT YOU HAVE TO MAKE THE CONFESSION FOR THE THINGS THAT WE ASK AND MORE.>>Reporter: SOME WORRY WHETHER THEY’LL BE ABLE TO KEEP UP THE PROTESTS.>>I THINK THAT THE CULTURE OF PROTESTS IN HONG KONG AND YOU COME OUT AND YOU WALK AND YOU ARE FINISHED. YEAH. SO NO FURTHER ACTION. AND AFTER ONE DAY THEY ARE ALREADY FORGOT ABOUT THIS ISSUE.>>Reporter: OR IT SEEMS THAT WAY. TWO MILLION PEOPLE, A QUARTER OF HONG KONG’S POPULATION, IS A LOT OF MOMENTUM AND NOW THE CHALLENGE FOR THE DEMOCRACY MOVEMENT IS HOW TO KEEP UP THE PRESSURE TO CHANNEL ALL OF THE ANGER AND FRUSTRATION OF THE PAST WEEK INTO SOMETHING THAT THE GOVERNMENT CAN’T IGNORE OR APPEASE. IT’S NOT YET CLEAR HOW THAT’S GOING TO HAPPEN. SASA PETRICIC, CBC NEWS, HONG KONG.>>Adrienne: UP NEXT ON “THE NATIONAL”… IN CANADA’S ARCTIC, CLIMATE CHANGE IS SHIFTING THE GROUND BELOW AND THREATENING THE HOMES AND THE BUILDINGS ABOVE.>>Reporter: JOE, STANDING HERE YOU CAN EVEN SEE IT’S KIND OF SLOPING.>>I WOULD SAY THAT IT’S DOWN THREE OR FOUR INCHES MINIMUM, MAYBE EVEN MORE.>>Reporter: WOW.>>YEAH. I COULD ROLL A MARBLE HER (*)>>THE WHOLE CIRCUMPOLAR NORTH IS SITTING ON PERMAFROST. I DON’T KNOW WHAT YOU DO.>>Adrienne: AS CANADA’S PERMAFROST CONTINUES TO THAT YOU, IT IS AFFECTING THE ARCTIC COMMUNITIES AND THE LONG RIBBON OF ROADWAY CONNECTING THEM TO THE REST OF THE COUNTRY AND THAT, AS MANY WHO LIVE THERE, HAVE THEM DEEPLY CONCERNED. AS PART OF OUR SERIES “IN OUR BACKYARD,” “THE NATIONAL’S” SUSAN ORMISTON TRAVELLED INTO NORTHERN CANADA TO SEE WHAT CLIMATE CHANGE MEANS FOR TOWNS AND THE CRUCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE THAT KEEPS THEM GOING. AND AS SHE DISCOVERED, WELL, WHILE THE EFFECTS MIGHT MANIFEST SLOWLY THEY ARE LITERALLY MOVING THE GROUND BENEATH PEOPLE’S FEET. (*)>>Reporter: HIDDEN INSIDE AN HISTORIC CHURCH ABOVE THE ARCTIC CIRCLE IS A STORY OF OUR WARMING CLIMATE.>>BE CAREFUL. WATCH YOUR STEP. THE LOW CEILING AS WELL AND DARK.>>Reporter: PARISHONER JOE LABOYD OFFERED TO SHOWS US WHAT YOU NORMALLY CAN’T SEE.>>I HAVE BEEN HERE FOR NEARLY 30 YEARS AND HAVE NEVER SEEN A PROBLEM UNTIL THESE LAST FIVE YEARS. OF COURSE YOU CAN SEE ALL OF THE POLES THAT HAVE FALLEN DOWN. AND YOU LOOK TO THAT SIDE. YOU SEE THE GLAP BENEATH THE BLOCKING AND THE POST?>>Reporter: OH, YEAH.>>RIGHT? IT’S BLOCKED AND REBLOCKED SEVERAL TIMES. ONE TIME IT WAS A FUNERAL SERVICE GOING ON AND THERE WERE APPROXIMATELY 200 PEOPLE ATTENDING AND THE FLOOR WAS SHAKING PRETTY BAD. AND SO AFTER THE SERVICE I ASKED THE FATHER IF WE COULD — WE SHOULD MAYBE COME TAKE A LOOK AND ABOUT 50% OF THESE POSTS WERE DOWN.>>Reporter: HOLY COW. THE IGLOO CHURCH, AS IT’S CALLED, WAS BUILT ON THICK LAYERS OF EARTH AND SOLID ICE BUT THAT CONCEALED PERMAFROST IS NOW THAWING AND THREATENING THE CHURCH’S FOUNDATION. JOE, STANDING HERE YOU CAN EVEN SEE IT’S KIND OF SLOPING.>>RIGHT. YES, I’D SAY THAT IT’S PROBABLY ON A DOWNWARD SLOPE OF THREE TO FOUR INCHES MINIMUM, MAYBE EVEN MORE.>>Reporter: WOW.>>YEAH. I COULD ROLL A MARBLE HERE…>>Reporter: YOU SURE DON’T WANT IT TO COLLAPSE.>>ABSOLUTELY NOT. THAT’S FOR SURE. THAT WOULD BE A REAL TRAGEDY. (*)>>Reporter: THEY HAVE BEEN LIVING ON ICE FOR CENTURIES. BUT THE TOWN IN INUVIK WAS ONLY INCORPORATED IN 1961. TRADITION IS BAKED INTO THEIR CULTURE. JUST LIKE THE CERTAINTY OF 24 HOUR SUNLIGHT IN SUMMER AND A DARK FROZEN LANDSCAPE IN WINTER. BUT ASK ANYONE HERE, THE WESTERN ARCTIC IS WARMING FASTER THAN ANYWHERE ELSE IN CANADA. MEAN TEMPERATURES RISING A STAGGERING 3.5-DEGREES OVER 50 YEARS. MOST OF THE WESTERN ARCTIC IS UNDERPINNED BY ICY PERMAFROST AND AS IT DEGRADES IT’S CAUSING ALL KINDS OF CHALLENGES. THE CLIMATE IS NOT JUST WARMER HERE, IT’S WETTER. WE’RE MOTORING UP A BRANCH OF THE MACKENZIE RIVER WHICH IN WINTER IS AN ICE HIGHWAY. CHRIS BYRNE HAS BEEN COMING UP HERE FOR 36 YEARS. HE’S A PROFESSOR OF GEOGRAPHY AT CARLETON UNIVERSITY AND WORKS AT THE AURORA RESEARCH INSTITUTE. BYRNE WANTED TO SHOW US THE DRAMATIC CHANGES IN THE CARIBOO HILLS AT AN OLD CAMP CALLED REINDEER STATION. FIRST WE HAVE TO NAVIGATE THE LANDING.>>THERE’S ABOUT 90 METRES OF PERMAFROST BELOW US HERE.>>Reporter: SOME OF THAT IS THAWING?>>THE TOP OF THAT IS THAWING.>>Reporter: YEARS AGO THIS WAS THE HUDSON’S BAY TRADING POST, SOLIDLY BUILT LIKE EVERYTHING ELSE ON BURIED ICE. BUT THAT SCAR IN THE HILL WAS RECENTLY CAUSED BY A LANDSLIDE. AFTER HEAVY RAIN AT THE END OF A SUMMER, THE WARMING EARTH SIMPLY GAVE WAY.>>THIS IS BASICALLY WHERE THE LANDSLIDE FINISHED.>>Reporter: THIS WASN’T THE ONLY ONE THAT NIGHT?>>NO, NO, THERE’S 87 OTHER LANDSLIDES FROM THAT NIGHT IN ABOUT A 17 KILOMETRE OF HILLSIDE. THERE’S A PHENOMENAL EVENT.>>Reporter: THIS IS A REMOTE RETREAT NOW. NO ONE LIVES HERE PERMANENTLY BUT THE CHANGING GEOGRAPHY IS THE SAME IN POPULATED AREAS.>>WE HAVE TO FIGURE OUT WHAT WE’RE GOING TO DO IN THE FUTURE. AND WE HAVE NO BASIS TO BELIEVE THAT THIS WILL NOT — WILL NOT CONTINUE. IT WON’T STOP NOW. SO THEN WHEN WE MAKE AN INVESTMENT IN THE BUILD CHICAGO IS MEANT TO LAST 50 YEARS, IF IN 15 YEARS IT’S NO GOOD, WE’VE WASTED A HUGE AMOUNT OF RESOURCES. (*)>>Reporter: INUVIK IS ADAPTING. AN ABOVE GROUND SEWER SYSTEM IS BEING RETROFITTED AND SPACE FRAMES PROP 7-SOME HOUSING, BUT IT IS PATCHWORK. BACK IN THE 1960s WHEN INUVIK WAS BUILT, PERMAFROST SEEMED A MORE RELIABLE, SOLID CORE.>>WE SAID THAT WE’D OPEN ROADS INTO THE NORTH…>>Reporter: IT WAS PRIME MINISTER JOHN DIEFENBAKER’S DREAM.>>RESOURCES SHOULD BE MADE AVAILABLE TO THE PEOPLE OF CANADA.>>Reporter: A NORTHERN ROAD LINKING SOUTHERN CANADA TO THE ARCTIC, A ROAD TO RESOURCES. THE DEMPSTER HIGHWAY FINALLY OPENED IN 1979, A CONSTRUCTION MARVEL, OVER 700 KILOMETRES OF TUNDRA. BUT EVERY YEAR IT COSTS MORE TO UPGRADE THE HIGHWAY. CLIMATE CHANGE OVER THE LAST 15 YEARS HAS PUSHED UP COSTS BY THE MILLIONS.>>IT’S KIND OF LIKE THE LIFE BLOOD OF THE WESTERN ARCTIC.>>Reporter: STEVE IS WITH THE NORTHWEST TERRITORIES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY. HE’S BEEN UP AND DOWN THE DEMPSTER FOR A DECADE.>>THE DEMPSTER HIGHWAY IS BUILT PRETTY MUCH ENTIRELY OVER PERMAFROST TERRAIN. SO THE FROZEN GROUND BENEATH THE ROAD EMBANKMENTS PROVIDES A FOUNDATION FOR THE EMBANKMENT. AND THE ACTUAL ROAD ITSELF HAS A FROZEN CORE.>>Reporter: BUT THIS PLATEAU IS WARMER AND WETTER NOW AND THE HIGHWAY IS SHOWING FATIGUE. SO CLEARLY, STEVE, THE DEMPSTER IS FALLING OFF HERE. THERE’S A BIG HOLE ON THE SIDE OF THE ROAD?>>YEAH, THIS IS A LOCATION THAT WE HAVE A SLOPE WHERE THE WATER IS COLLECTING ALONG THE SIDE OF THE ROAD AND THE COMBINATION OF WARMING CLIMATE, THE IMPACT OF THE ROAD, AND THE MOISTURE, IS CAUSING THE UNDERLYING ICE RIDGE PERMAFROST TO THAW. AS THAT ICE RIDGE PERMAFROST THAWS, THE GROUND CONSOLIDATES OR SETTLES PROPORTIONAL TO HOW MUCH ICE IS IN THE GROUND. THIS IS ONE OF THE CONSEQUENCE OF THAT.>>Reporter: NOW YOU TOLD ME THAT ACROSS HERE THAT THIS HAPPENED ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THE ROAD FIRST?>>YES.>>Reporter: STEVE EXPLAINS IS DUMPED JUST TO KEEP THE HIGHWAY OPEN, BUT IT KEEPS SLIDING OFF. LEADING TO A KEY QUESTION — DO WE FIX IT OR DO WE START TO ADAPT DIFFERENTLY?>>YEAH, I THINK THAT’S A REALLY INTERESTING AND IMPORTANT DISCUSSION. IT REALLY HIGHLIGHTS THE NEED TO START TO THINK INNOVATIVELY ABOUT THE SOLUTIONS. BECAUSE THESE TYPES OF PHENOMENA ARE GOING TO BECOME MORE AND MORE COMMON PLACE. (*)>>Reporter: HE’S NOT FINISHED OUR PERMAFROST LESSON. A FEW KILOMETRES DOWN THE ROAD WE CLAMOUR UP TO A HIGH RIDGE.>>THIS WHOLE AREA DEVELOPED OVER THE LAST COUPLE YEARS WHICH IS VERY, VERY RAPID –>>Reporter: THE HEAD WALL HERE HAS BEEN CARVED OUT AND EXPOSING A WIDE BAND OF ICE.>>SO THE BOTTOM FIVE TO EIGHT METRES IS ALL ICE.>>Reporter: SO THAT’S WHAT IS THAWING?>>THAT’S EXACTLY WHAT’S THAWING, YEP.>>Reporter: CONSTANT THAWING IS CREATING A GULLY OF MUD. PUSHING TOWARDS THE DEMPSTER HIGHWAY WHICH IN TIME COULD COMPROMISE THE ROAD.>>WE’VE HAD THIS DEBRIS TONGUE THAT HAS GROWN ABOUT 150 METRES TOWARDS THE ROAD. THAT’S DEVELOPED IN THE LAST TWO YEARS. (*)>>Reporter: CANADA’S PERMAFROST PROBLEM HAS BECOME A HOT RESEARCH ENVIRONMENT. A RECENT SENATE REPORT IDENTIFIED THE NORTHERN INFRASTRUCTURE AS AN URGENT PRIORITY. THE CHALLENGE IS LURING INTERNATIONAL SCIENTISTS AND STUDENTS. LIKE THIS UNIVERSITY TEAM ON A FIELD TRIP TO STUDY THE ICE UNDER THE TUNDRA. TRAVELLING FURTHER NORTH ON A NEW HIGHWAY, WE HEAD TOWARDS TUKTOYAKTUK ON THE BEAUFORD SEA. I MADE IT TO TUK AS A TRAVELLER’S BADGE OF HONOUR, BUT THIS HAMLET HAS BECOME A CLIMATE CHANGE CRUCIBLE.>>GOING FORWARD WE’RE JUST NOT BUILDING TOWARDS THE COAST ANYMORE. WE’RE SLOWLY MOVING OUR INFRASTRUCTURE INLAND.>>Reporter: THE MAYOR OF TUK GREW UP HERE.>>SEE ALL THE ICE THAT IS MELTED?>>Reporter: OUT ON THE POINT, GRUBEN’S ANCESTORS ARE BURIED NOW PERILOUSLY CLOSE TO THE SEA.>>GRANDFATHER EDGAR AND GRANDMOTHER MARY –>>Reporter: THE CEMETERY IS VULNERABLE. WITH MORE EROSION IT COULD FALL INTO THE OCEAN BUT MOVING GRAVES IS A LAST RESORT.>>I DON’T KNOW. LIKE WE — THE WHOLE CIRCUMPOLAR NORTH IS SITTING ON PERMAFROST. I DON’T KNOW WHAT YOU DO. YOU CAN’T ELIMINATE THE WHOLE NORTH.>>Reporter: THE DUAL THREATS OF RISING SEAS AND THAWING PERMAFROST ARE UNDENIABLE TO SANDY ADAMS, A HOMEOWNER IN TUK.>>YOU COULD SEE THE LAND ERODE.>>>Reporter: HIS HOUSE IS EXPOSED RIGHT NEAR THE ROCKY EDGE. IN 50 YEARS HE’S WATCHED THAT COAST STEADILY ERODE. HOW FAR OUT DID THE SHORELINE GO?>>RIGHT TO ABOUT THE MIDDLE OF THE OCEAN. I MEAN, WHERE THE OPEN WATER IS. IT’S HOW FAR THE LAND USED TO BE. HERE IT’S REALLY HAPPENING FAST. WE’VE GOT NO TIME TO WASTE.>>Reporter: WHAT DO YOU FEAR?>>WELL, I FEAR THAT MY HOUSE CAN FALL INTO THE OCEAN.>>Reporter: HIS HOUSE IS ON AN EMERGENCY LIST TO BE MOVED INLAND. FIVE OTHERS ALREADY HAVE.>>I GUESS THEY’VE GOT TO MOVE ME, MOVE ME WHERE I DON’T WANT TO GO, BUT I FEED TO BE HELPED.>>Reporter: WHY DON’T YOU WANT TO GO?>>I’M USED TO LIVING ON THE POINT. AND THE COOL AIR COMES FROM THE OCEAN WHEN IT’S SUMMERTIME AND YOU DON’T GET AS MUCH BUGS AS INLAND. IT’S BETTER OUT HERE.>>Reporter: COASTAL EROSION COULD COST TUKTOYAKTUK UP TO $50 MILLION, A BUDGET THAT IT DOESN’T HAVE.>>HELLO, HERE WE ARE. WE MADE IT TO TUK.>>Reporter: THE ENVIRONMENT MINISTER CATHERINE McKENNA ON A RECENT TRIP TO TUK WAS PRESSED TO INCREASE SUPPORT FOR CLIMATE CHANGE COSTS.>>WELCOME TO TUK.>>THANK YOU. HEY, MAYOR, HOW ARE YOU DOING?>>Reporter: SO ONE OF THE THINGS THEY SAY HERE IS, LOOK, WE HAVE STUDIED THIS ENOUGH AND WE LIVED IT AND WE CAN’T AFFORD THE INFRASTRUCTURE CHANGES IN THE ARCTIC.>>I MEAN, YOU SAW IT, WE HAVE ALREADY MADE INVESTMENTS AND CONTINUE TO MAKE INVESTMENTS BUT WE ARE GOING TO HAVE TO RETHINK HOW WE BUILD THINGS. AND HOW TO BUILD RESILIENT INFRASTRUCTURE. WE’LL NEED TO WORK TOGETHER AND ALSO TO REALLY TRY TO IMAGINE WHAT THE FUTURE IS GOING TO BE LIKE SO THAT, YOU KNOW, THAT COMMUNITIES ARE RESILIENT TO THE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE. (*)>>Reporter: IN THIS LAND OF PERMAFROST, CHANGE HAS ALREADY COME. SUSAN ORMISTON, CBC NEWS, TUKTOYAKTUK.>>Adrienne: CBC NEWS WILL HAVE CONTINUING COVERAGE THROUGHOUT THE WEEK AND TOMORROW IN OUR SPECIAL CLIMATE CHANGE SERIES “IN OUR BACKYARD” WHAT IT MEANS IF CANADA MISSES ITS PARIS AGREEMENT TARGETS.>>WE’D EITHER HAVE TO CONTINUE OR INCREASE THE STRINGENCY FOR THE POLICY THAT IS ALREADY IMPLEMENTED. OR WE’LL HAVE TO IMPLEMENT NEW POLICIES.>>Adrienne: CONNIE WALKER LOOKS AT THE COSTS AND THE FALLOUT OF NOT REDUCING GREENHOUSE GASES AND WHETHER CARBON TAXES REALLY CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE. (*)>>I THINK THAT IT’S ABOUT THE NORTH AND ALSO ABOUT THE “WE.” YOU LOOK AT EVERY COLOUR AND EVERY CREED AND RACE REPRESENTED AND EVERY AGE, YOUNG PEOPLE, OLD PEOPLE. IT’S A SPECIAL MOMENT. IT FEELS THAT IT’S FOR ALL OF US. THAT’S THE BEAUTY OF IT.>>Adrienne: THAT’S AN ELOQUENT REACTION FROM ONE OF THE HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS, MAYBE MILLIONS, WHO CAME TO DOWNTOWN TORONTO TO CELEBRATE THE RAPTORS’ VICTORY. NOW SOME CAME BECAUSE THEY JUST LOVE THE GAME, THEIR CITY, THEIR COUNTRY. BECAUSE THEY WANTED TO MAKE SOMETHING SURREAL, REAL AND SOMETHING SIMPLE, SOMETHING SUBLIME. THAT GOT NICK PURDON THINKING ABOUT THE MEANING OF A PARADE AND THAT TOOK HIM INTO THE THICK OF IT.>>Reporter: IF YOU GO BACK THROUGH HISTORY WE’VE HAD PARADES FOR ALL KINDS OF THINGS. TO SHOW OFF MILITARY POWER, TO COMMEMORATE WAR VICTORIES. THERE’S ONE WHERE WE PUT A MAN ON THE MOON. NOW THIS ONE CELEBRATES A SPORTS TEAM. BUT I WONDER — IS THAT WHAT THIS PARADE IS REALLY ABOUT? WHAT DO YOU THINK WE REALLY WON BY WINNING THE CHAMPIONSHIP?>>I THINK WE WON A SENSE OF PRIDE FOR OUR CITY.>>WE DEFINITELY WON RESPECT.>>Reporter: YOU GUYS FEEL THAT YOU DID ANYTHING YOURSELVES TO HELP THE TEAM WIN?>>WE WENT TO EVERY BAR AND YELLED AND SCREAMED UNTIL OUR LUNGS ARE GONE EVERY NIGHT.>>Reporter: SO THE BUS IS ABOUT AN HOUR AWAY AND THE TEAM ABOUT AN HOUR AWAY AND THE CROWD IS STILL BUILDING, EXPECTATIONS ARE BUILDING. LITTLE MAN, HOW ARE YOU FEEL — FEELING?>>AMAZING! I’M EXCITED FOR THE RAPTORS PARADE.>>Reporter: THIS DOESN’T SEEM TO BE JUST ABOUT BASKETBALL.>>IT’S ABOUT EVERYTHING, ABOUT THE CULTURE, YOU KNOW, THE TEAM, THE CITY. BRINGING EVERYONE TOGETHER.>>Reporter: WHAT DO YOU THINK THAT WE REALLY WON WHEN THE RAPTORS WON THE NBA CHAMPIONSHIP?>>A LIFE-CHANGING EXPERIENCE, MAN. I HAVE BEEN WAITING FOR THIS ALL OF MY LIFE.>>Reporter: HOW SO? HOW DOES IT CHANGE?>>HOW DOES IT CHANGE? I’M HERE, I’M HAPPY. I HAVE NEVER BEEN THIS HAPPY AT THIS TIME IN MY DAMNED LIFE.>>Reporter: HOW HAS IT CHANGED FOR YOU?>>I’M GOOD. I’M OUT HERE SMOKING WEED, MAN. I’M GOOD.>>Reporter: IS THIS REALLY ABOUT BASKETBALL?>>IT’S ABOUT THE CITY AND THE COUNTRY. I DON’T KNOW WHAT IT’S REALLY ABOUT THOUGH.>>Reporter: LET ME HELP — HAPPINESS, RESPECT. IT SEEMS THAT THERE’S ALSO PEOPLE HERE DOING RESEARCH. SO REALLY?>>YEAH. NEXT YEAR. THIS YEAR IS RAPTORS AND NEXT YEAR IS LEAFS.>>GO, LEAFS, GO!>>Reporter: THERE’S A PRETTY SERIOUS REASON THAT PEOPLE ARE HERE AS WELL. WHAT’S IMPORTANT ABOUT THE PARADE FOR YOU GUYS?>>WE’RE HERE FOR KAWHI. WHY NOT?>>WE NEED YOU. KAWHI STAY.>>Reporter: DO YOU THINK THAT YOU HAVE THE POWER TO CONVINCE HIM WHERE OTHER PEOPLE DON’T?>>YES! YES!>>Reporter: HEY, THE PARADE, THEY’RE ALMOST HERE. THEY’RE ALMOST HERE. HOW ARE YOU FEELING?>>I’M FEELING GREAT, BROTHER. TO SEE ALL OF THESE PEOPLE OUT HERE, ALL NATIONALS AND NO COMPLEXION. JUST PRETTY CANADIAN PEOPLE. NOT JUST US, TORONTO, WE NEVER THOUGHT THAT IT COULD BE DONE. WE THE NORTH, WE DID IT. [Cheers and Applause]>>Reporter: WHO IS THIS PARADE FOR?>>FOR EVERYONE. TORONTO, THE RAPTORS, THE FANS. CANADA. WHO IS IT NOT FOR? EXCEPT FOR THE WARRIORS. NOT THE WARRIORS.>>Reporter: THEN IT HAPPENS. THE RAPTORS ARRIVE. [Cheers and Applause] I THINK THAT WAS THE LAST BUS. THE FANS START TO CLEAR OUT AND THE PARADE MAY SEEM OVER, BUT NOT FOR THESE GUYS. WHAT DO YOU THINK THAT THE RAPTORS GOT OUT OF SEEING EVERYBODY HERE TODAY?>>OH, MAN, THIS CITY IS DIVERSITY. THIS CITY IS LOVE. AND THIS IS A DAY THAT WE’LL NEVER FORGET. THERE’S NO TEAM THAT WILL COME HERE THAT WE’LL EVER FORGET.>>Reporter: HOW ARE YOU FEELING HERE?>>I’M FEELING LOVE. ALL CULTURES. LOOK AT THIS, MAN. LOOK AT THIS, MAN. THAT’S HOW I FEEL IT. I LOVE IT, I LOVE IT.>>Reporter: THAT’S IT — SIMPLE. SOMETIMES A PARADE IS JUST ABOUT CELEBRATING A FEELING. NICK PURDON, CBC NEWS, TORONTO.>>Announcer: Canada hopes to serve up aces as they battle against China in the Volleyball Nations League. Men’s Volleyball. Saturday at 4:00pm Eastern on CBC. (*)>>Adrienne: EVERYWHERE YOU LOOKED IN TORONTO TODAY IT WAS A SEA OF RED. AN ESTIMATED TWO MILLION PEOPLE FLOODZED THE STREETS TO CHEER ON THE RAPTORS, CANADA’S M.V.P. CHAMPIONS. WE CAN’T SAY THAT ENOUGH. I DON’T KNOW ABOUT YOU, ROSIE, BUT I WAS BORN AND RAISED IN THIS CITY AND THE PICTURES TODAY, I HAVE NEVER SEEN THE CITY LIKE THIS. AND I CAN’T STOP THINKING THAT UNTIL THOSE LAST MOMENTS, YOU KNOW, WHETHER THE GUNFIRE STARTED, EVERYTHING I WAS THINKING WAS LIKE I CANNOT BELIEVE HOW KIND PEOPLE ARE BEING TO EACH OTHER. IT WAS TOTALLY STRIKING.>>Rosemary: SO I WAS WATCHING IT ON TV AS A LOT OF CANADIANS WERE, OBVIOUSLY. AND I AT TIMES JUST FOUND LIKE A GIANT GRIN ON MY FACE. FELT LIKE A CRAZY PERSON IN THE NEWSROOM JUST SMILES BECAUSE IT REALLY WAS, AS YOU SAID, WITH THE EXCEPTION OF THAT LAST MOMENT, A GREAT DAY. AS A DRAKE FAN I ALSO ENJOYED EVERY MOMENT OF SEEING HIM PRETEND TO BE A PLAYER TOO. [laughter]>>Adrienne: YEAH, YOU KNOW HE WANTS TO BE. LISTEN, THIS HAS REALLY BEEN A REMARKABLE DAY FILLED WITH A WHOLE BUNCH OF MOMENTS. WHAT WE THOUGHT THAT WE’D DO TONIGHT IS TO LEAVE YOU SIMPLY WITH THOSE MOMENTS. HAVE A REALLY GOOD NIGHT. (*)>>LET’S GO, RAPTORS!>>M.V.P.! M.V.P.! [Cheers and Applause]>>THERE’S NO WORDS FOR IT, MAN. [Cheers and Applause]>>GET THE BACKGROUND OF THE CROWD REAL QUICK THOUGH. THE CROWD IS CRAZY.>>WE HAVE NEVER SEEN NOTHING LIKE THIS. IT IS CRAZY!>>WE THE NORTH. WE THE NORTH. WE THE NORTH. (*) (*) * WE ARE THE CHAMPIONS * MY FRIENDS >>I THINK THAT IT WAS BONO WHO SAID THE WORLD NEEDS MORE CANADA. THE WORLD JUST GOT IT. [Cheers and Applause]>>ENJOY THIS MOMENT. AND HAVE FUN WITH IT. AH-HA-HA-HA.

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