The National for January 30, 2019 — Extreme Cold, Election Meddling, Humboldt Family


(*)>>Adrienne: ON THIS WEDNESDAY NIGHT… SHORING UP DEMOCRACY’S DEFENCES.>>WE EXPECT SOCIAL MEDIA PLATFORMS TO TAKE CONCRETE ACTION.>>Adrienne: OTTAWA REVEALS ITS PLAN TO DEAL WITH POTENTIAL ELECTION MEDDLING. TAKING UP ARMS AGAINST A WEAPONIZED SOCIAL MEDIA. (*)>>I’M HOLDING IN MY LAP MY 6’2″, 200-POUND THREATIC SON IN AN URN, JUST LIKE I HELD HIM WHEN HE WAS A BABY.>>Ian: A HEARTWRENCHING INTERVIEW WITH THE FAMILY OF THE YOUNGEST HUMBOLDT BRONCOS BUS CRASH. PLUS THE LAST OF THE VICTIM IMPACT STATEMENTS.>>Andrew: AND FOR MILLIONS OF CANADIANS JUST ONE WORD SUMMED UP THE DAY PERFECTLY — COLD. WE’LL GET RIGHT TO THE CENTRE OF THE POLAR VORTEX.>>>THIS IS “THE NATIONAL.” (*)>>Andrew: WHEN SIMPLY GOING OUTSIDE BECOMES A HEALTH HAZARD, CALLING IT A DEEP FREEZE IS NO EXAGGERATION. DANGEROUSLY COLD TEMPERATURES HAVE SET IN ACROSS MUCH OF THE AREA, FROM THE NORTH TO THE PRAIRIES AND ACROSS CENTRAL CANADA. KEY LAKE, SASKATCHEWAN, WAS THE COLDEST PLACE IN THE COUNTRY TODAY, -48°. THAT’S NOT COUNTING THE WIND CHILL, IF YOU CAN BELIEVE THAT. MANY AMERICANS TOO ARE FEELING THESE FRIGID TEMPERATURES. SO NO SURPRISE THAT OFFICIALS ON BOTH SIDES OF THE BORDER ARE WARNING PEOPLE ABOUT FROSTBITE AND HYPOTHERMIA. AS CBC’S CAMERON MacINTOSH TELLS US FROM WINNIPEG, THE GREATEST CONCERN MAY BE FOR THOSE PEOPLE WHO ARE MOST VULNERABLE.>>HELLO? ARE YOU GUYS HOME RIGHT NOW?>>Reporter: IN THE WINNIPEG WIND CHILL THAT FEELS LIKE -50°. OUTREACH WORKER TAGART PORTER IS LOOKING FOR ANYONE WHO IS LIVING OUTSIDE.>>JUST WANT TO SEE IF YOU NEED ANYTHING.>>Reporter: IT TURNS OUT THAT THERE’S NO ONE HERE. BUT AROUND THE CORNER IN A DOWNTOWN ALLEY –>>HEY, YOU GOT A SECOND?>>Reporter: NICKY AND HER FRIEND LEE ARE LIVING ON THE STREET. THEY AREN’T DRESSED FOR IT.>>YOU DON’T HAVE A WHOLE LOT ON THERE. DO YOU WANT A COAT? WE HAVE EXTRA COATS. COME ON, WE’LL GET YOU ONE.>>Reporter: THEY SAY THEY DON’T FEEL SAFE IN SHELTERS SO A COUPLE MINUTES LATER THEY’RE BOTH GIVEN SPECIAL JACKETS THAT DOUBLE AS SLEEPING BAGS.>>IT MEANS A WHOLE LOT TO ME BECAUSE THIS JACKET, I CAN FEEL COLD AIR COMING UP ON MY STOMACH.>>Reporter: SO YOU’RE SLEEPING OUTSIDE?>>SLEEPING OUTSIDE.>>HOW HAS THAT BEEN?>>KIND OF HARD, REALLY HARD. SOMETIMES YOU DON’T GET ENOUGH REST BECAUSE YOU DON’T FEEL SAFE.>>Reporter: SIMILAR STORIES IN OTHER CITIES. IN THE UNITED STATES THE COLD SNAP IS BEING BLAMED FOR AT LEAST SIX DEATHS AND OTHER PROBLEMS IN SOME CITIES THAT WEREN’T PREPARED OR EQUIPPED. MINNEAPOLIS IS NO STRANGER TO WINTER BUT WIND CHILLS HERE ARE ALSO EXTREME. POLICE ARE HANDING OUT WARM CLOTHES.>>HEY, YOU NEED GLOVES!>>Reporter: IN CHICAGO COLD TEMPERATURES NEARED RECORD LOWS. IT’S CAUSING ITS NORMALLY ICE-FREE RIVER TO FREEZE.>>HOT COCOA…>>Reporter: OF COURSE DANGEROUS IS RELATIVE. IN INDIANAPOLIS,-17° IS ENOUGH TO ISSUE PUBLIC WARNINGS.>>PLEASE, TAKE PRECAUTION.>>YOU WANT TO GRAB A BAG?>>Reporter: BACK IN WINNIPEG THE SALVATION ARMY IS GOING OUT NIGHTLY TO BRING PEOPLE INTO SHELTERS.>>WE WANT TO MAKE SURE THAT WE’RE AVAILABLE AND WE’RE SHOWING PEOPLE SUPPORT AND TRYING NOT TO LET ANYBODY FALL THROUGH THE CRACKS.>>Reporter: UP ON THE ROOF OF THIS BUILDING HERE… PORTER IS LITERALLY LOOKING IN THE CRACKS, ANYWHERE THAT SOMEONE MIGHT BE SLEEPING.>>WE’LL JUST KEEP COMING BY UNTIL WE CONNECT.>>Reporter: AND HOPEFULLY GET MORE PEOPLE OUT OF THE COLD. CAMERON MacINTOSH, CBC NEWS, WINNIPEG.>>Andrew: CAM MENTIONED CHICAGO. IT WAS ACTUALLY COLDER TODAY THAN PARTS OF ANTARCTICA. YOU CAN IMAGINE HOW JUST BEING OUTSIDE, NEVER MIND ACTUALLY GETTING AROUND, IS AGONIZING. AND YET THE CITY MUST KEEP MOVING. SO HERE’S WHAT THEY DO TO KEEP THE TRAINS RUNNING — THEY LIGHT THE TRACKS ON FIRE. IT MAKES FOR A SURREAL VIEW. THEY’RE NOT ALWAYS SUCCESSFUL THOUGH. THE COLD SHUT DOWN THIS TRAIN STATION POSSIBLY FOR DAYS. AND FOR OTHERS IT’S EITHER A SLOW CAREFUL DRIVE OR A SLOW PUNISHING WALK. AND YET SOMETIMES ALL YOU CAN DO IS SHARE THE LAUGHS, EVEN THE BEAUTY, ONLINE. FROM A SUDDEN INTEREST IN SUB-ZERO SCIENCE –>>WOO!>>Andrew: TO THESE STRIKING IMAGES OF A KIND OF COLD THAT’S HARD TO COMPREHEND. OKAY, NOW THIS IS THE POINT WHERE OUR METEROLOGIST MAKES SENSE OF IT ALL. JOHANNA WAGSTAFFE IS JOINING US FROM VANCOUVER. AND, JO, WE HAVE HEARD OF THE POLAR VORTEX. REMIND US WHAT EXACTLY IS GOING ON THERE?>>Reporter: SO, ANDREW, THE POLAR VORTEX IS BASICALLY A BAND OF SWIRLING WINDS THAT IS NORMALLY LOCKED UP IN THE ARCTIC, BUT EVERY ONCE IN A WHILE THAT VORTEX IS DISTURBS AND MEANDERS FARTHER SOUTH THAN NORMAL. IN THIS CASE THE VORTEX IS SPLIT IN TWO. AND ONE OF THOSE POCKETS OF EXTREMELY COLD AIR IS ENTRENCHED ACROSS A HUGE SWATH OF NORTH AMERICA, WITH THE HEART OF THAT COLD AIR IN CENTRAL CANADA AND THE U.S. MIDWEST.>>Andrew: AND, JO, TO WHAT EXTENT SHOULD WE EXPECT THIS KIND OF WINTER TO HELP — TO HAPPEN AGAIN AND AGAIN AND AGAIN?>>Reporter: THERE’S IMPACTS ON THE JET STREAM. THE TEMPERATURE DIFFERENCES IN OUR WARMING CLIMATE BETWEEN THE ARCTIC AND THE REST OF THE GLOBE AREN’T AS GREAT BECAUSE THE ARCTIC IS WARMING SO MUCH FASTER. AND THAT’S CAUSING THE JET STREAM TO SLOW DOWN, BECOME WAVIER, AND MEANDER MORE. AND THAT OPENS THE DOOR TO THESE WEATHER EVENTS THAT GET SORT OF LOCKED IN PLACE LONGER THAN NORMAL. SO WHILE WE WON’T SEE EVERY WINTER LOOK LIKE THIS, WHAT WE WILL SEE IS MORE EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS LIKE THIS ONE.>>Andrew: OKAY, JOHANNA WAGSTAFFE, THANK YOU SO MUCH.>>Reporter: YOU’RE WELCOME.>>Andrew: AND ONE LAST NOTE ON THE WEATHER, ADRIENNE — SO CHICAGO, CRUSHINGLY COLD, RIGHT? BUT GET THIS — BY MONDAY IT COULD BE AS WARM AS 10°.>>Adrienne: WHICH SOUNDS TROPICAL AND MESSY. OBVIOUSLY, THE COLD DOMINATED CONVERSATIONS ACROSS COUNTRY TODAY. EVEN IN OTTAWA WHERE POLITICS ALWAYS COMPETES FOR TOP BILLING, ESPECIALLY IN AN ELECTION YEAR. YOU SEE, CANADA IS LOOKING TO WARD OFF THE TYPE OF THREATS THAT TAINTED THE LAST U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION AND THE BREXIT VOTE. SO THE GOVERNMENT HAS COME UP WITH A SWEEPING PLAN TO FIGHT ELECTION INTERFERENCE. IT INCLUDES A SPECIAL PANEL THAT IS SUPPOSED TO SOUND THE ALARM IF DEMOCRATIC RIGHTS ARE BEING UNDERMINED. AND $7 MILLION TO HELP TO TEACH CANADIANS THAT WHAT YOU SEE ON TWITTER OR FACEBOOK MAY BE DESIGNED JUST TO DECEIVE YOU. BUT ALSO OTTAWA IS RELYING ON THE GOODWILL OF SOCIAL MEDIA GIANTS TO PROTECT VOTERS BEFORE THEY CAST THEIR BALLOTS THIS FALL. SO JUST HOW WILL THAT WORK? DAVID COCHRANE LOOKS AT THE PLAN.>>Reporter: CANADA SEEMS POISED TO DO SOMETHING THAT MANY WOULD CONSIDER UNWISE — GIVE SOCIAL MEDIA COMPANIES THE BENEFIT OF THE DOUBT DURING AN ELECTION.>>WE EXPECT SOCIAL MEDIA PLATFORMS TO TAKE CONCRETE ACTIONS TO HELP SAFEGUARD THIS FALL’S ELECTION.>>Reporter: THE KEY WORD THERE IS “EXPECT.” THERE ARE NO NEW LAWS REQUIRING FACEBOOK OR TWITTER TO DO ANYTHING. THE GOVERNMENT PASSED LEGISLATION LAST YEAR REQUIRING A PUBLIC REGISTRY OF ONLINE POLITICAL ADS. BUT FOR NON-ADVERTISING CONTENT THAT’S STILL A DISCUSSION.>>I THINK THAT THERE’S AN OPENNESS. I THINK THAT THERE’S AN UNDERSTANDING ON THE PART OF THE SOCIAL MEDIA PLATFORMS THAT THEY NEED TO DO THINGS BETTER, THAT THEY HAVE TO RE-EARN THE TRUST OF THE PEOPLE THAT USE THEIR PLATFORMS.>>Reporter: THAT TRUST HAS BEEN BADLY DAMAGED. IN THE U.K., MILLIONS OF FACEBOOK USER HIS THEIR PRIVATE INFORMATION MISUSED DURING THE BREXIT CAMPAIGN. IN THE U.S., TWITTER BOTS WENT INTO OVERDRIVE IN THE STRETCH RUN OF THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION.>>THE SOCIAL MEDIA OUTLETS THAT CAN WEAPONIZE A LIE ON THEIR PLATFORM ARE NOT REQUIRED TO DO ANYTHING SUBSTANTIVE IN THIS CONVERSATION ABOUT SPREADING MIS AND DISINFORMATION TO CANADIAN VOTERS IN OUR ELECTIONS.>>Reporter: TWITTER AND FACEBOOK ISSUED STATEMENTS VOWING TO COOPERATE. BUT IT’S AN OPEN QUESTION IF EVEN THAT WILL BE ENOUGH BECAUSE THE HACKERS, TROLLS AND BOTS ARE OFTEN A STEP AHEAD.>>I DON’T KNOW THAT ANY GOVERNMENT, FRANKLY, HAS THE POWER TO FULLY REIN IN ALL OF THAT KIND OF ACTIVITY. THEY’RE CHANGING THEIR TACTICS ON AN ONGOING BASIS. SO EVEN IF YOU HAD THE FULL COOPERATION OF THESE PRIVATE COMPANIES, IT’S STILL HARD TO TELL WHAT’S GOING ON SOMETIMES.>>Reporter: THE GOAL NOW IS TO GET THAT COOPERATION FORCED IN PART BY OUTRAGE OVER PAST PRACTICES.>>The Hon. Ralph Goodale: IT TOOK A WHILE TO GET THE TRACTION, BUT THE RESPONSIVENESS HAS INCREASED OVER THAT PERIOD OF TIME. MANY COUNTRIES ARE NOW RAISING WITH THEM THIS SAME POINT ABOUT FOREIGN INTERFERENCE IN ELECTIONS. SO THE TOPIC WILL NOT COME AS A SURPRISE TO ANY OF THEM.>>Reporter: NOT A SURPRISE, BUT A BIG JOB WITHOUT MUCH TIME. CANADIANS GO TO THE POLLS IN OCTOBER. DAVID COCHRANE, CBC NEWS, OTTAWA.>>Adrienne: LATER IN THE SHOW I’LL SPEAK WITH MARIA RESSA, ONE OF “TIME” MAGAZINE’S PERSONS OF THE YEAR. SHE HAS BEEN TRACKING HOW ATTACKS IN FAKE NEWS IS USED TO UNDERMINE JOURNALISM. SHE THINKS THAT CANADA SHOULD BE CONCERNED TOO.>>Ian: BIT, FIRST, IT WAS ANOTHER EMOTIONAL DAY IN A SASKATCHEWAN COURTROOM. AND THERE WAS A VERY UNUSUAL MEETING AS WELL AS FAMILIES AFFECTED BY THE HUMBOLDT BUS CRASH DESCRIBED HOW THEIR LIVES HAD BEEN FOREVER CHANGED. THE FIRST TO SPEAK TODAY WERE THE PARENTS OF DAYNA BRONS, THE TEAM’S TRAINER AND ATHLETIC THERAPIST, AND THE ONLY WOMAN ON THE BUS. IT WAS HER MOTHER’S DREAM TO HELP DAYNA TO PLAN A WEDDING. TODAY SHE SAID, YES, WEE DID WALK HER DOWN THE AISLE, BUT WE WEREN’T ESCORTING A BRIDE. WE WERE ESCORTING A CASKET.>>WE ARE DEVASTATED, I DON’T KNOW — I DON’T KNOW, HOW DO YOU DESCRIBE A LOSS OF A CHILD? PEOPLE SAY THEY CAN’T IMAGINE WHAT WE ARE GOING THROUGH AND I THINK, NO, YOU CAN’T.>>Ian: MORE THAN 90 VICTIM IMPACT STATEMENTS HAVE BEEN READ OR SUBMITTED. SUSAN ORMISTON HAS BEEN IN THE COURTROOM LISTENING TO EACH OF THOSE HEARTWRENCHING STORIES AND SHE ALSO SPENT TIME WITH ONE FAMILY STILL STRUGGLING TO COPE WITH THEIR LOSS.>>Reporter: THE WINDSWEPT CORNER WILL NEVER BE THE SAME. LIVES FROZEN IN TIME ON APRIL 6th. AND 65 KILOMETRES DOWN THE HIGHWAY COUNTLESS STORIES OF PAIN AND PROMISE EXTINGUISHED.>>I HAVE CRIED MORE THIS WEEK, YOU KNOW, LIKE I HAVE ALL YEAR. JUST BECAUSE ALL OF THEIR STORIES ARE OUR STORIES, RIGHT?>>Reporter: RAELENE AND RUSS HEROLD ARE THE PARENTS OF ADAM, A FARM BOY. WHO GREW INTO A STRAPPING YOUNG HOCKEY PLAYER WITH A REAL CHANCE AT THE NHL. MAYBE AFTER THAT CAREER TO TAKE OVER THE FAMILY FARM. NOT NOW.>>HE WOULD HAVE BEEN THE FOURTH GENERATION ON OUR FARM. YOU KNOW, SO ALL OF THE YEARS THAT WE’VE WORKED TO MAKE OUR FARM BETTER, WHO’S TAKING IT OVER NOW?>>Reporter: ADAM JOINED THE BRONCOS JUST FOR THE PLAYOFFS. HE WAS THE YOUNGEST TO DIE, JUST 16. THE MEMORY IS FRESH AS YESTERDAY.>>I THINK BACK THAT WE JUST CAME BACK FROM A TRIP. WE HADN’T BURIED ADAM YET AND I SAT DOWN IN HIS FAVOURITE CHAIR IN THE LIVING ROOM AND I TOOK HIS URN AND I SAT IT ON MY LAP. I PULLED OUT MY PHONE AND I SHOWED HIM PICTURES FROM MY TRIP. AND I SAID, THIS IS WHERE WE WERE. AND I TOLD HIM ALL OF THE PLACES THAT WE WERE AND THERE WERE PLACES THAT WE HAD GONE PREVIOUSLY WITH HIM. YOU KNOW, I’M HOLDING IN MY LAP MY 6’2″, 200-POUND ATHLETIC SON IN AN URN, JUST LIKE I HELD HIM WHEN HE WAS A BABY.>>Reporter: RUSS AND RAELENE CAME TO THE COURT TO TELL THE TRUCK DRIVER HOW THEIR LIVES, LIKE DOZENS OF OTHERS, WAS RIPPED APART.>>UP TO APRIL 6th, LIFE WAS ROLLING ALONG HAPPY AND, YOU KNOW, EVERYONE ALWAYS SAYS THE MILLION DOLLAR FAMILY — A BOY AND A GIRL, RIGHT? EVERYTHING IS CRUISING ALONG. AND, BOOM, IN A SPLIT SECOND THINGS CHANGE.>>Reporter: ARE YOU ANGRY?>>I’M VERY ANGRY, ABSOLUTELY. I’M ANGRY AT THE WORLD.>>Reporter: SO MANY PARENTS HAVE POINTED QUESTIONS STILL FOR JASKIRAT SINGH SIDHU, THE TRUCK DRIVER.>>WAS HE DAYDREAMING? WAS HE JUST NOT PAYING ATTENTION? OR HE WAS IN A HURRY AND THOUGHT THAT HE HAD TO KEEP GOING? LIKE, WHY? THAT’S WHAT YOU WANT TO KNOW IS — WHY?>>Reporter: MORE THAN A PODIUM FOR THEIR GRIEF, THEY WANT CONCRETE CHANGES SO THAT THEIR CHILDREN DID NOT DIE IN VAIN.>>SOMEHOW WE HAVE TO GET THOSE DRIVERS TRAINED BETTER OR BEING MORE RESPONSIBLE OR CAUTIOUS — I DON’T KNOW WHAT THE RIGHT TERM IS, BUT I THINK THAT FOR ME THAT WOULD BE A BIG STEP IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION.>>SEATBELTS ARE ANOTHER THING. IN THIS DAY AND AGE WHY DO WE NOT WEAR A SEATBELT ON A BUS?>>Reporter: FOR THREE DAYS THIS COURT IN A GYM HAS HEARD EXCRUCIATING DETAIL OF LOSS, REGRETS AND ANGER WITH A CRUSHING FINALITY.>>WHAT HAS CHANGED IN MY LIFE IS SIMPLE — IT’S NOT THE SAME AND IT WILL NEVER BE THE SAME. AND THAT’S TRULY WHAT I NEEDED HIM TO HEAR.>>Reporter: RUSS, WHAT DO YOU WANT FROM THIS COURT THIS WEEK?>>JUSTICE. I THINK –>>Reporter: WHAT DOES THAT LOOK LIKE TO YOU?>>WELL, I — I DON’T DOUBT THAT HE’S GOT SOME REMORSE. JUST SAYING “I’M SORRY” DOESN’T QUITE CUT IT. IT DOESN’T BRING PEOPLE BACK. IT DOESN’T CHANGE ALL THE HURT FOR ALL OF THESE FAMILIES. SO I THINK THAT THERE HAS TO BE — THERE’S GOT TO BE A CONSEQUENCE FOR YOUR ACTION AND IT HAS TO BE FAIRLY SIGNIFICANT IN MY OPINION.>>Reporter: BUT THEY KNOW THAT NO SENTENCE WILL MAKE UP FOR WHAT ENDED HERE.>>Ian: LET’S BRING SUSAN IN FROM MELFORT, SASKATCHEWAN WITH DETAILS, SUSAN, OF AN EXTRAORDINARY MEETING THAT HAPPENED TODAY?>>Reporter: YEAH, REMEMBER SCOTT THOMAS, THE FATHER OF EVAN WHO DIED IN THAT CRASH? WELL, HE HAD A PRIVATE MEETING TODAY WITH THE DRIVER, JASKIRAT SINGH SIDHU, IN A MEETING ROOM JUST OFF THE COURT. IT WAS 15 MINUTES, VERY EMOTIONAL. AND THOMAS SAID THAT HE ASKED SIDHU DIRECT QUESTIONS BUT THEY WILL REMAIN PRIVATE. BUT THEY EACH TALKED. THERE WERE SIDHU’S RELATIVES IN THE ROOM AND THEY CRIED. AND HE SAID HE FELT MUCH BETTER FOR DOING THAT. ADDING THAT IN HIS OPINION THAT SIDHU’S FAMILY IS ALSO DEVASTATED.>>Ian: SUSAN ORMISTON, THANK YOU.>>Adrienne: TURNING NOW TO VENEZUELA’S DEEPENING NATIONAL CRISIS. THOUSANDS OF PROTESTERS HIT THE STREETS AGAIN TODAY WHILE TWO STARKLY DIFFERENT LEADERS BATTLE FOR CONTROL OF THE COUNTRY. RULING PRESIDENT NICOLÁS MADURO IS INCREASINGLY ISOLATED AT HOME AND ABROAD. AS ELLEN MAURO EXPLAINS, AN ATTEMPT TO CHECK THE GROWING POWER OF HIS MINE RIVAL RECEIVED IMMEDIATE BLOWBACK. [CHANTING]>>Reporter: ON THE STREETS OF CARACAS, CALLS FOR UNITY AND FREEDOM.>>[SPEAKING SPANISH]>>Reporter: “I WANT MY COUNTRY TO BE FREE,” THIS WOMAN SAYS, “THAT’S THE ONLY THING THAT I WANT.” JUAN GUIADÓ, NATIONAL ASSEMBLY LEADER AND SELF-DECLARED PRESIDENT, CALLED PROTESTS AFTER VENEZUELA’S TOP COURT FROZE BANK ACCOUNTS AND BANNED HIM FROM LEAVING THE COUNTRY. TODAY HE MARCHED ALONGSIDE HIS SUPPORTERS.>>[SPEAKING SPANISH]>>Reporter: “WE HAVE BEGUN TO BUILD A MAJORITY,” HE SAYS,”WE WANT A TRANSITIONAL GOVERNMENT AND FREE ELECTIONS.” HIS FOE, NICOLÁS MADURO, ATTENDED MILITARY EXERCISES TODAY. CRUCIALLY HE STILL HAS THE GENERAL SUPPORT. HE ALSO ACCUSED THE U.S. OF ATTEMPTING A COUP. THE AMERICANS AND CANADA RECOGNIZE GUIADÓ AS THE LEGITIMATE LEADER. “THEY CAN’T TAKE VENEZUELA,” HE SAYS, “I’M THE COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF CONSTITUTIONALLY.” A COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF WHO HAS SEEN HIS COUNTRY FALL INTO A DOWNWARD SPIRAL, DESPERATION SETTING IN.>>[SPEAKING SPANISH]>>Reporter: “WE WANT HUMANITARIAN HELP,” THIS WOMAN SAYS, “LIVES ARE BEING LOST UNJUSTLY.”>>THIS IS THE WORST CRISIS THAT HAS BEEN SEEN. THERE’S NOT ENOUGH FOOD AND THERE’S NOT ENOUGH MEDICINE AND YOU SEE THAT REFLECTED IN EVERYTHING THAT WE HAVE SEEN IN THE PAST FEW WEEKS.>>Reporter: SO WHAT HAPPENS NEXT? MADURO SAYS THAT HE’S OPEN TO DIALOGUE WITH THE OPPOSITION, BUT HAS RULED OUT ANY NEW ELECTIONS UNTIL 2025.>>[CHANTS]>>Reporter: THAT’S NOT ENOUGH FOR THOSE ON THE STREETS. THEY WANT CHANGE AND THEY WANT IT NOW. ELLEN MAURO, CBC NEWS, WASHINGTON.>>Ian: HERE’S SOME OF THE OTHER STORIES THAT WE’RE WATCHING TONIGHT… POLLS ARE CLOSING IN LESS THAN AN HOUR IN A B.C. BY-ELECTION THAT COULD TIP THE PROVINCE’S BALANCE OF POWER. A WIN FOR THE LIBERALS WOULD GIVE THE PARTY 43 SEATS. THAT WOULD BE THE SAME NUMBER AS THE GOVERNING ALLIANCE BY THE N.D.P. AND THE GREEN PARTIES. IT’S WHY THIS IS SEEN AS ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT PROVINCIAL BY-ELECTIONS IN YEARS.>>>ALSO IN BRITISH COLUMBIA, POLICE ARE SEARCHING FOR THE PERSON WHO SHOT A TRANSIT POLICE OFFICER ABOUT THREE HOURS AGO IN A SKYTRAIN STATION IN SURREY. THE OFFICER SUFFERED SERIOUS INJURIES BUT NOT LIFE-THREATENING. THE STATION HAS BEEN CLOSED. THE PUBLIC IS BEING TOLD TO AVOID THE AREA.>>WE DON’T EVEN HAVE ONE CAN OF SOUP NOW TO DISTRIBUTE.>>Ian: A FIRE HAS WIPED OUT A WAREHOUSE THAT HELD DONATIONS FOR NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR. THAT SUPPLY WAS MEANT TO LAST OVER THE SLOWER MONTHS WHEN DONATIONS TEND TO TRAIL OFF. SEVERAL PEOPLE WERE IN THE WAREHOUSE AT THE TIME BUT NO ONE WAS HURT. FIREFIGHTERS ARE STILL LOOKING FOR THE CAUSE.>>Adrienne: STILL AHEAD ON “THE NATIONAL”… TRACKING FAKE NEWS AND RISKING IT ALL FOR THE TRUTH. MY INTERVIEW WITH ONE OF “TIME” MAGAZINE’S PERSONS OF THE YEAR LATER IN THE SHOW.>>Ian: PLUS, HE WAS ONE OF THE FIRST PEOPLE ON THE SCENE AT THE HUMBOLDT CRASH AND TODAY HE SHARED HIS MEMORIES OF THE VICTIMS. HIS TESTIMONY IS OUR “MOMENT.”>>Andrew: FIRST, DEFINING CANCON IN 2019. WE GO BEHIND THE SCENE AND ASK WHETHER STREAMING SERVICES ARE GETTING OFF THE HOOK.>>THEY’RE EXTRACTING HUNDREDS OF MILLIONS OF DOLLARS IN REVENUE WITH CANADIANS WITHOUT ANY CORRESPONDING OBLIGATION TO THE>>Andrew: SOME OF THE BIGGEST NAMES IN CANADIAN FILM AND TELEVISION MET IN OTTAWA TODAY. AMONG THEIR KEY CONCERNS, HOW STREAMING COMPANIES LIKE NETFLIX SHOULD BE REGULATED. IT SAYS THAT IT’S ON TRACK TO EXCEED ITS $500 MILLION COMMITMENT TO PRODUCE ORIGINAL CONTENT IN CANADA. BUT HERE’S THE THING — THAT CONTENT MAY BE MADE IN CANADA BUT THAT IS PART OF AN AGE OLD DEBATE OF WHAT IS CANCON AND WHO SHOULD PAY FOR IT?>>PICTURE IT UP.>>Reporter: ON LOCATION FOR SEASON THREE OF KEEPER SUTHERLAND’S SHOW “DESIGNATED SURVIVOR.” SHOT IN A SUBURBAN TORONTO STUDIO, A CREW OF CLOSE TO 200 PEOPLE WORK ON THE NETFLIX SERIES. THE PRODUCER FEELS LUCKY TO HAVE THE SPACE.>>>TO SHOOT IN TORONTO RIGHT NOW, IT’S DIFFICULT TO EVEN FIND A SPOT TO SHOOT BECAUSE ALL OF THE WAREHOUSES AND EVERYTHING THAT COULD BE TURNED INTO STUDIO SPACE IS STUDIO SPACE RIGHT NOW.>>Reporter: CANADA’S $8 BILLION PRODUCTION INDUSTRY IS BOOMING, LIKE NEVER BEFORE. IN ANOTHER STUDIO NEARBY A SET IS UNDER CONSTRUCTION FOR ANOTHER NETFLIX SERIES CALLED “LOCK AND KEY.” FOREIGN STREAMING SERVICES FROM NETFLIX TO AMAZON TO HULU ARE CREATING JOBS HERE BUT THEY MAKE NO CONTRIBUTION TO THE GOVERNMENT-SPONSORED FUNDS THAT SUPPORT CANADIAN CONTENT. THAT’S AN OUTRAGE TO SOME.>>THEY ARE EXTRACTING HUNDREDS OF MILLIONS OF DOLLARS OF REVENUE FROM CANADIANS WITH NO CORRESPONDING OBLIGATION TO THE CANADIAN SYSTEM. UNLIKE THEIR DOMESTIC COMPETITORS.>>Reporter: THE GOVERNMENT IS CONCERNED AS WELL. LAST YEAR IT ANNOUNCED A REVIEW OF THE ALMOST 30-YEAR-OLD BROADCAST LEGISLATION.>>MANY PLAYERS, INCLUDING WEB GIANTS, ARE NOT CONTRIBUTING TO THE SYSTEM. SO WHAT WE WANT IS THAT WE WANT — WE WANT FAIRNESS IN THE SYSTEM.>>Reporter: THE REVIEWS EXPERT PANEL HAS RECEIVED 2,000 WRITTEN SUBMISSIONS FROM INTERESTED PARTIES, INCLUDING ONE FROM NETFLIX THAT INSISTS THAT “ANY NEW REGULATION SHOULD UNAMBIGUOUSLY EXCLUDE ONLINE SERVICES.”>>ALL OF THIS IS TAKING PLACE IN AN ENVIRONMENT WHERE THERE IS NO CANADIAN CONTENT EMERGENCY.>>Reporter: IN OTTAWA THIS MEDIA PROFESSOR THINKS THAT IT WOULD BE A MISTAKE TO IMPOSE ADDITIONAL COSTS ON FOREIGN COMPANIES WHICH COULD BE PASSED ON TO CONSUMERS.>>WE KNOW RIGHT NOW THAT CANADA HAS SOME OF THE MOST EXPENSIVE INTERNET AND WIRELESS SERVICES IN THE WORLD AND SO SAYING THAT WE’RE GOING TO INCREASE FEES ON THOSE SERVICES I THINK RUNS THE RISK OF MAKING THOSE SERVICES LESS AFFORDABLE.>>Reporter: BUT THE HEAD OF THE PRODUCERS ASSOCIATION INSISTS THAT CONTENT PROVIDERS OF ALL TYPES NEED TO PLAY BY THE SAME RULES.>>THE WHOLE WORLD IS GRAPPLING WITH THIS ISSUE. FRANCE AND GERMANY HAVE ALSO BEGUN ADDRESSING THIS ISSUE BY REQUIRING CONTRIBUTIONS FOR THEIR OWN INDIGENOUS PROGRAMMING.>>Reporter: ON LOCATION MANY WONDER WHAT MAKES CONTENT CANADIAN THESE DAYS ANYWAY?>>NETFLIX ITSELF IS MAKING A LOT OF SHOWS THAT ARE MADE BY CANADIAN PRODUCERS AND CANADIAN WRITERS THAT I WOULD CONSIDER CANCON IN THE TRADITIONAL SENSE OF THE WORLD. — OF THE WORD.>>Reporter: THE EXPERT PANEL WILL CONSIDER THAT QUESTION TOO BUT CANADIANS WILL BE KEPT IN SUSPENSE ABOUT THE FINALE FOR MANY MONTHS. RECOMMENDATIONS AREN’T EXPECTED UNTIL THE FALL. DIANNE BUCKNER, CBC NEWS, TORONTO.>>Ian: STILL AHEAD ON “THE NATIONAL”…>>>RELIVING HISTORY 50 YEARS LATER. WE GO BACK TO THAT LONDON ROOFTOP WHERE THE FAB FOUR PERFORMED TOGETHER FOR LAST TIME.>>Adrienne: EXCELLENT. AND PROTECTING DEMOCRACY FROM FAKE NEWS, WE ASK FILIPINO INVESTIGATIVE JOURNALIST MARIA RESSA JUST WHAT’S AT STAKE.>>ALLOWING THIS, WEAPONIZING THE RULE OF LAW AND WEAPONIZING THE LAW AGAINST PERCEIVED (*)>>Ian: HERE’S SOME OF THE OTHER STORIES THAT WE’RE WATCHING TONIGHT…>>>THERE’S BEEN A 14th CONFIRMED CASE OF A CANADIAN WITH A MYSTERIOUS ILLNESS IN CUBA THAT HAS AFFECTED CANADIAN AND AMERICAN DIPLOMATS THERE. THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT HAS CUT THE NUMBER OF EMBASSY STAFF IN CUBA. THE SYMPTOMS OF THE HAVANA SYNDROME INCLUDE DIZZINESS AND HEADACHES. THE CAUSE IS NOT KNOWN BUT THE BULK OF THE CASES WERE IN 2017. THE RCMP IS INVESTIGATING WITH SOME HAD BEEN FROM THE CUBAN POLICE.>>WE, THEREFORE, MADE THE DECISION TO WITHDRAW FROM THE 2021…>>Ian: THE NEXT FRANCOPHONIE GAMES WAS SUPPOSED TO BE IN NEW BRUNSWICK BUT THE PROVINCE IS NO LONGER WILLING TO HOST IT, BLAMING SKYROCKETING COSTS AND WHAT IT SAYS IS A LACK OF SUPPORT FROM OTTAWA. THE INITIAL COST OF THE GAMES WAS $17 MILLION AND IT WAS TO BE SPLIT BETWEEN THE PROVINCIAL AND FEDERAL GOVERNMENTS. BUT IT BALLOONED TO $130 MILLION. THE PRIME MINISTER SAID THAT HE WAS DISAPPOINTED BY THE DECISION BECAUSE OTTAWA WAS PREPARED TO MATCH THE PROVINCE IN FUNDING.>>>WE’RE LEARNING TROUBLING NEW INFORMATION TONIGHT ABOUT SERIOUS RCMP MISCONDUCT IN A DECADE OLD B.C. MURDER INVESTIGATION. THE DETAILS ARE COMING TO LIGHT IN THE WAKE OF GUILTY PLEAS BY THREE FORMER OFFICERS AND THE LIFTING OF A PUBLICATION BAN. IT HAS TO DO WITH THE NOTORIOUS SURREY SIX GANG MURDERS IN 2007. THAT’S WHEN MEN WERE SHOT EXECUTION-STYLE. TWO OF THE VICTIMS INNOCENT BYSTANDERS IN. 2011, CHARGES WERE FILED AGAINST SEVERAL OFFICERS, ONE OF THEM, THEN SERGEANT DEREK BRASSINGTON PLED GUILTY TO BREACH OF TRUST. HE HAD A MONTHS LONG SEXUAL AFFAIR WITH A KEY WITNESS, THE EX-GIRLFRIEND OF A GANG MEMBER. THEIR IDENTITIES ARE PROTECTED BY COURT ORDER. WE DON’T KNOW WHAT, IF ANY, IMPACT THE POLICE MISCONDUCT HAD ON THE PROSECUTION OF THE ACCUSED KILLERS, BUT WE DO KNOW THAT CONTROVERSIALLY THAT MURDER CHARGES WERE STAYED AGAINST ONE OF THE ACCUSED. BRASSINGTON SAID IN COURT “INSTEAD OF RESTORING PUBLIC TRUST AND FAITH IN THE RCMP, I KILLED IT. I AM SORRY TO EVERYONE IN THIS COUNTRY THAT LOOKS TO POLICE TO DO WHAT’S RIGHT.” BRASSINGTON HAS BEEN SENTENCED TO HOUSE ARREST FOR JUST UNDER TWO YEARS AND THE TWO OTHER OFFICERS WILL SPEND THREE MONTHS UNDER HOUSE ARREST.>>Adrienne: ANY COUNTRY IN AN ELECTION YEAR, LIKE CANADA, NEEDS TO STAND ON GUARD AGAINST LIES AND RUMOURS CIRCULATING ONLINE. YOU KNOW THE ONES — STORIES DESIGNED TO DRIVE A WEDGE BETWEEN COMMUNITIES, MANUFACTURE DANGERS AND COMING TO A DEMOCRACY NEAR YOU. THAT’S PART WHAT IS BEHIND THE FUNDING ANNOUNCEMENT TODAY FROM OTTAWA TO TRY TO PROTECT THE ELECTION. BUT IT TAKES MORE THAN THAT. SO WE THOUGHT THAT WE’D CONNECT WITH SOMEONE WHO HAS SEEN THE WORST OF THE FAKE NEWS PHENOMENON AND IS DOING SOMETHING ABOUT IT. MARIA RESSA WAS NAMED BY “TIME” MAGAZINE AS A “GUARDIAN OF THE TRUTH.” HERE’S WHY… THINGS AREN’T ALWAYS AS THEY APPEAR. A FEW WEEKS AGO THESE JOURNALISTS WERE GIVEN THE PRESTIGE OF RINGING IN THE NEW YEAR IN TIMES SQUARE. FOR FILIPINO MARIA RESSA RIGHT THERE IT LOOKS LIKE SUCH A HAPPY HONOUR. SHE’D BEEN LABELLED AS ONE OF “TIME” MAGAZINE’S “PERSONS OF THE YEAR,” A BIG DEAL, A GUARDIAN OF THE TRUTH. BUT SHE SAID THAT THE MOMENT SHE FOUND OUT NEARLY MADE HER SICK TO HER STOMACH. BECAUSE THAT’S WHO ELSE WAS CHOSEN, JAMAL KHASHOGGI, WHO WAS GUNNED DOWN AND THE REUTERS REPORTERS JAILED IN MYANMAR.>>I’M THE ONLY ONE OF THE FOUR THAT WAS BOTH ALIVE AND FREE. SO I WAS THINKING IS THIS WHERE WE’RE SUPPOSED TO GO, IS THIS PREDICTING? I WENT THROUGH A LOT OF EMOTIONS AND FEELINGS. YOU KNOW THAT SINKING FEELING IN THE PIT OF YOUR STOMACH? AND THEN I’M LIKE WHAT WILL THAT MEAN, WILL IT BRING MORE ATTACKS OR WILL IT HELP US? NICE TO SEE YOU.>>Adrienne: SHE MAY SEEM LIKE A JOURNALISTIC ROCK STAR TO LOOK AT HOW THOSE IN TORONTO GREETED HER RECENTLY AT A TALK ABOUT TRUTH IN THE LIBRARY, OF COURSE. BUT BACK HOME IN THE PHILIPPINES SHE’S IN TROUBLE AND COULD EVEN GO TO JAIL. THE NEWS ORGINISATION THAT SHE RUNS “RATTLER” IS IN THE SIGHTS OF RODRIGUEZ DUTERTE’S GOVERNMENT FOR ITS PERSISTENT REPORTING OF DUTERTE’S BLOODING DRUG WAR. TRYING TO HOLD TO ACCOUNT THOSE KILLED WITH IMPUNITY.>>[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE]>>Adrienne: THERE’S THAT FAKE NEWS SLOGAN. IN THE PHILIPPINES THOSE WORDS CARRY DANGEROUS WEIGHT. DUTERTE TRIED TO CLOSE “RATTLER” AND HIS SUPPORTERS EGGED ON BY TROLL FARMS, HAVE BEEN TRYING TO ATTACK RESSA ONLINE AND TRYING TO START A MOVEMENT TO JAIL HER.>>I GET SO MANY THREATS ON SOCIAL MEDIA, I HAVE NO IDEA WHEN IT CROSSES INTO THE REAL WORLD.>>Adrienne: THE JAIL THREAT IS REAL. SHE’S FACING FIVE ARREST WARRANTS AND CHARGES OF TAX EVASION AND A POSSIBLE 15-YEAR SENTENCE.>>THAT TAX EVASION CHARGE, THE FOUNDATION OF IT, IS THAT “RATTLER” IS A DEALER IN SECURITIES. THAT’S A DIRECT QUOTE “A DEALER IN SECURITIES.”>>Adrienne: BUT YOU’RE A NEWS AGENCY?>>EXACTLY. DEALERS IN SECURITIES ARE LIKE STOCKBROKER AGENCIES. WE’RE NOT SELLING STOCKS TO CONSUMERS BUT THEY’RE TREATING IT THAT WAY. AND THEY’RE SAYING BECAUSE WE SOLD STOCKS THAT WE NEED TO PAY THESE TAXES THAT COME FROM BEING A DEALER IN SECURITIES. THE WHOLE THING IS TO TRY TO STOP OUR POLITICAL COVERAGE BUT I, AGAIN, I HOPE THAT THERE’S ENOUGH MEN AND WOMEN INSIDE OF THE PHILIPPINE GOVERNMENT IN THE JUDICIARY SYSTEM THAT WILL STAND ON PRINCIPLES. BECAUSE ALLOWING THIS, WEAPONIZING THE RULE OF LAW, WEAPONIZING LAW AGAINST PERCEIVED ENEMIES, AGAINST JOURNALISTS? THIS IS A MASSIVE CRACK IN A PILLAR OF DEMOCRACY. FROM NOVEMBER 2017 TO 2018 THE NUMBER OF COUNTRIES THAT — WHOSE DEMOCRACIES ROLLED BACK, WENT UP MORE THAN DOUBLE.>>Adrienne: RESSA THINKS A LOT ABOUT RISKS TO DEMOCRACIES. THAT’S THE ESSENCE OF OUR SPEAKING ENGAGEMENTS IN CANADA. THIS CONVERSATION WE HAD ON STAGE IN TORONTO PARTLY ABOUT FACEBOOK’S ROLE IN THIS. SHE IDENTIFIED EARLY HOW DISINFORMATION NETWORKS USE FACEBOOK, FINDING PARALLELS IN OF ALL PLACES HOW TERROR NETWORKS USE SOCIAL MEDIA. SHE SHOWED MARK ZUCKERBERG WHAT WAS HAPPENING AND HOW AND WHO WAS BEHIND IT, ON HOW WHAT WAS HAPPENING IN THE PHILIPPINES COULD HAPPEN AROUND THE WORLD. SHE WANTED HIM TO SHUT THEM DOWN AND AT FIRST HE DID NOTHING. A LOT OF PEOPLE DREAM ABOUT WALKING UP TO MARK ZUCKERBERG
D. SHE WANTED HIM TO SHUT THEM DOWN AND AT FIRST HE DID NOTHING. A LOT OF PEOPLE DREAM ABOUT WALKING UP TO MARK ZUCKERBERG AND SAYING, HEY, WHAT ARE YOU DOING? YOU ACTUALLY DID, YOU GOT IN HIS FACE.>>I WENT TO FACEBOOK IN AUGUST OF 2016 BECAUSE WE GOT THE DATA FROM JULY AND TOLD THEM THAT WE ARE WHERE YOU’RE GOING TO BE, WE’RE THE CAUTIONARY TALE AND WE’RE THE CANARY IN THE COAL MINE. I SAID, MARK, YOU HAVE TO COME TO THE PHILIPPINES BECAUSE FACEBOOK IS SO POWERFUL THAT ALMOST 97% OF FILIPINOS ON THE INTERNET ARE ON FACEBOOK. HE FROWNED. AND I WAS LIKE, WHY ARE YOU FROWNING? AND HE SAID, MARIA, WHERE ARE THE OTHER 3%? AND WE ALL LAUGHED AROUND THE TABLE. TABLE.>>Adrienne: KIND OF A SAD LAUGH THOUGH I’M GUESSING. HER MESSAGE DIDN’T SINK IN AND AS “RATTLER” KEPT REPORTING, THE ATTACKS GOT WORSE, NOT JUST ON RESSA BUT ON ALL FILIPINO JOURNALISTS WHO DARED TO TRY TO HOLD DUTERTE TO ACCOUNT. THESE ARE JUST SOME OF THEM.>>HAVE YOU BEEN THREATENED WITH VIOLENCE?>>HAVE YOU BEEN THREATENED WITH VIOLENCE?>>YES.>>HAVE YOU BEEN THREATENED WITH DEATH?>>YES.>>HAS THE VIOLENCE BEEN DESCRIBED TO YOU?>>YEAH, BLOW MY HEAD OFF OR BURY ME ALIVE.>>Adrienne: SHOW KEPT PUSHING — SHE KEPT PUSHING FACEBOOK TO UNDERSTAND THE DAMAGE DONE TO SOCIETIES WHEN THEY’RE DIVIDED BY LIES AND HATE. SOMEHOW SHE THINKS THAT SHE NOW UNDERSTANDS.>>A MAN NAMED NATHANIEL WAS HIRED BY FACEBOOK. HE USED TO HEAD COUNTERTERRORISM FOR THE WHITE HOUSE. AND TO LOOK AT THESE NETWORKS THROUGH COUNTERTERRORISM LENSES IS THE FIRST STEP I THINK TO TAKING THEM DOWN. AND THEY BUILT A TEAM, THEY’RE BUILDING TEAMS NOW TO DO THAT. YOU KNOW, IT’S ENLIGHTENED SELF-INTEREST. IF THEY DON’T DO THIS PEOPLE WILL DROP — THEY GOT PUMMELLED LAST YEAR AND I HOPE THEY HAVE LEARNED THEIR LESSON.>>Adrienne: MAYBE. ARE THERE LESSONS FOR CANADA IN AN ELECTION YEAR? THE EARLY SIGNS OF THE RUSSIAN NETWORKS ARE INTERESTED IN THE CONVERSATION HERE.>>CANADA IS A VERY MUCH A MELTING POT OF DIFFERENT CULTURES. WHEN THIS KIND OF EMOTION IS UNLEASHED IT’S HARD TO LET RATIONAL MINDS PREVAIL.>>Adrienne: DO YOU THINK THAT CANADA IS RIPE FOR THE TAKING BY THESE — THESE DISINFORMATION NETWORKS?>>I THINK THAT YOU SHOULDN’T BE COMPLACENT. THIS STUFF ON SOCIAL MEDIA PUSHES POPULISM TO THE NTH DEGREE BECAUSE IT FUELS YOUR FEARS AND IT POUNDS ON FRACTURE LINES OF SOCIETIES. WHEN YOU SEE THAT’S HAPPENING, WHO IS BEHIND IT, WHERE IS IT COMING FROM? IS IT SOCIAL MEDIA DRIVEN? YOU SHOULD BE ABLE TO FIND A NETWORK BEHIND THAT.>>Adrienne: SHE’S STILL RESEARCHING AND SHARING THE TOOLS FOR HOW TO DO IT, BUT TIME IS TICKING. MARIA RESSA HAD TO GET COURT PERMISSION TO COME HERE AND KNOWS AFTER HER SHORT TRIP THAT SHE’S BACK INTO THE FIRE IN THE PHILIPPINES. WHY NOT JUST NEVER GO BACK? SHE HAS AMERICAN CITIZENSHIP.>>BUT I’M ALSO A FILIPINO. AND IT’S — THIS IS WHY WE BECAME JOURNALISTS IN THE FIRST PLACE, RIGHT? AND WHEN YOU’RE A JOURNALIST IN GOOD TIMES IT’S EASY TO LIVE BY THOSE PRINCIPLES, BY THE MISSION. THIS IS A TIME WHEN IT MATTERS. SO I HAVE NO CHOICE.>>Adrienne: THE TEST IN THE COURTS IS COMING SOON. THE TEST IN DEMOCRACIES AROUND THE WORLD CHIPPED AWAY AT BY GEOPOLITICAL FORCES TRYING TO MANIPULATE US ALL IS HAPPENING EVERY SINGLE MOMENT. ANOTHER TEST? INDIA. IT IS THE WORLD’S LARGEST DEMOCRACY, AND LIKE US, IN AN ELECTION YEAR. BUT IN INDIA FAKE NEWS AND FALSEHOODS HAVE KILLED PEOPLE. SO THE GOVERNMENT IS TAKING A TOUGHER APPROACH, PROPOSING THE DISSEMINATION OF FAKE NEWS TO BE ILLEGAL. BUT TONIGHT WE’RE ASKING “CAN A LAW STOP FAKE NEWS?”>>MEET GARIA…>>Adrienne: THIS IS AN AD IN INDIA. THIS CHARACTER BEING SO MEDIA SAVVY AND EXPLAINING THE DANGERS OF SPREADING FAKE NEWS ON WHATSAPP TO HER UNCLE.>>[SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE]>>Adrienne: LAST YEAR VIOLENT MOBS FORMED AFTER SEEING VIDEOS LIKE THIS PASSED AROUND ON WHATSAPP. PEOPLE THOUGHT IT WAS A KIDNAPPING IN PROGRESS AND STARTED HUNTING THE PREDATORS. THE PROBLEM IS THAT THE VIDEO WAS TAKEN FROM A PUBLIC SERVICE ANNOUNCEMENT AGAINST CHILD KIDNAPPING. BUT THE LIES SOARED ANYWAY AND INNOCENT PEOPLE WERE KILLED. OTHER RUMOURS LEFT PEOPLE BEATEN AND FAMILIES MOURNING. THOSE ATTACKS SCARED THE INDIAN GOVERNMENT INTO ACTING TO DEAL WITH THE DANGERS. THERE’S NOW A DRAFT LAW BANNING INFORMATION THAT, QUOTE “DECEIVES OR MISLEADS, IS GROSSLY OFFENSIVE OR MENACING IN NATURE.” AND PLATFORMS LIKE WHATSAPP ARE ORDERED TO TAKE DOWN THE LIES.>>IT’S A KIND OF A KNEE JERK REACTION TO A SPATE OF KILLINGS AND VIOLENCE THAT WERE CREATED BY RUMOURS FED ON WHATSAPP.>>Reporter: SHE WORRIES THAT THE DRAFT LAW VIOLATES THE RIGHTS TO PRIVACY AND FREEDOM OF SPEECH. THE LAW ASKS WHATSAPP TO BREAK ITS ENCRYPTION, THE VERY REASON THAT SO MANY PEOPLE USE IT.>>SO THE>>SO THE RULES REQUIRE THAT ALL SERVICES SELECT AND STORE INFORMATION ABOUT WHO IS SENDING MESSAGES TO WHOM AND IF THE GOVERNMENT ASKS FOR IT, THEY SURRENDER THIS INFORMATION.>>Adrienne: THE DRAFT LAW IS SO AGGRESSIVE THAT COMPANIES LIKE NETFLIX WORRY ABOUT LEGISLATION LIMITING THEIR CONTENT TOO. THEY’RE PREEMPTING THAT, ANNOUNCING A PLAN TO SELF-REGULATE. AND EVEN THAT WORRIES THE CRITICS.>>IT’S GOING TO LEAD USERS TO ONE THING, SHOULD I POST THIS OR NOT BOTHER BECAUSE I DON’T WANT TO GET BANNED OR HAVE MY CONTENT REMOVED. SO WHAT THIS MEANS EVENTUALLY IS A CHILLING EFFECT ON THE FREEDOM OF SPEECH OF USERS.>>Adrienne: MAYBE THERE’S ANOTHER WAY.>>SHOULD THE GOVERNMENT BE DOING ANYTHING ABOUT IT? YES, IT SHOULD BE.>>Adrienne: AS A FAKE NEWS DEBUNKER, HE SAYS THAT THE GOVERNMENT SHOULD CONCENTRATE ON SCHOOLING, NOT A LEGAL HAMMER.>>IT SHOULD FOCUS ON EDUCATION AWARENESS AT THE LEVEL OF LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CITIZEN ENGAGEMENT AND CHILDREN IN SCHOOLS. TO MAKE PEOPLE AWARE OF WHAT THEY’RE LOOKING AT IS SOMETHING THAT YOU SHOULD BE SKEPTICAL OF.>>Adrienne: EDUCATION HELPS BECAUSE WHEN POLICE STARTED TO EXPLAIN TO PEOPLE THAT THOSE KIDNAPPING RUMOURS ON WHATSAPP WERE LIES, THOSE KILLINGS STOPPED. WHAT ALSO HELPED STOP THEM? A DECISION BY WHATSAPP TO LIMIT THE NUMBER OF TIMES THAT A MESSAGE CAN BE FORWARDED. THAT’S A TECHNICAL TWEAK. BUT THIS IS THE ERA LOOKING FOR A BALANCE BETWEEN LAW, LITERACY AND TECHNOLOGY TO ENSURE LIES DON’T SPREAD AND LIES DON’T KILL. SO HOW TO PRESERVE DEMOCRACY IN AN AGE OF MISINFORMATION? THAT’S JUST ONE OF THE QUESTIONS THAT WE’LL TACKLE IN THE LEAD-UP TO THIS FALL’S FEDERAL ELECTION. CBC NEWS AND “THE NATIONAL” WILL BE TAKING YOU DEEPER INTO THE ISSUES AS CANADA VOTES.>>Andrew: FASCINATING AND IMPORTANT STUFF.>>>OKAY NEXT ON “THE NATIONAL”… ONE OF THE MOST MEMORABLE SCENES IN POP HISTORY. HOW LONDON IS MARKING THE 50th ANNIVERSARY OF THE FAB 4’S FINAL CONCERT. (*) * GET BACK * GET BACK * GET BACK TO WHERE YOU ONCE BELONGED *>>JUST BEING HERE AND JUST BEING PART OF THE CROWD AND HEARING THE SONGS AND TRYING TO IMAGINE WHAT IT WAS LIKE 50 YEARS AGO.>>Andrew: AND COMING UP THIS FRIDAY ON “THE NATIONAL”… DAVID COMMON TAKES US INSIDE A SENIORS’ HOME THAT IS EMBRACING RISK TO ENSURE THAT DEMENTIA PATIENTS RETAIN SOME FREEDOM.>>Reporter: DOWN THE HALL IS SYLVIA. SHE’S OFF EXERCISING HER FREEDOM. AND FOR THIS DEMENTIA PATIENT THAT COMES WITH RISKS.>>HERE WE ARE.>>Reporter: AMID THE HUGS WITH HER NURSE MAY, A RECOGNITION THAT SYLVIA IS PRONE TO FALLING. SHE WEARS PROTECTIVE HEADGEAR, BUT ISN’T PREVENTED FROM WANDERING. IN SOME HOMES THEY’D JUST SAY IF YOU’RE AT RISK OF FALLING –>>OH, NO, WE LET OUR RESIDENTS LIVE AT RISK.>>Reporter: WHAT DOES THAT MEAN “LIVE AT RISK?”>>LET THEM LIVE THEIR LIFE FROM ACCORDING TO HOW THEY WANT TO LIVE. LIKE, WE CAN’T KEEP THEM FROM INJURY, YOU KNOW, BUT AT LEAST THEY’RE LIVING THEIR LIFE AND BEING (*)>>Ian: IT WAS 50 YEARS AGO TODAY THE BEATLES LAST PUBLIC PERFORMANCE. * DON’T LET ME DOWN (*) * DON’T LET ME DOWN>>Ian: WELL, A YEAR AFTER THAT ROOFTOP CONCERT, THE FANS WERE LET DOWN WHEN THE GROUP BROKE UP. TODAY IN LONDON PEOPLE GATHERED AT THE SITE TO RE-LIVE THE MOMENT AND OUR OWN KAYLA HOUNSELL WAS THERE.>>THIS IS A BIG OCCASION AND AN AMAZING TURNOUT. SO THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR COMING ON OUR TOUR TODAY.>>Reporter: RICHARD PORTER SO THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR COMING ON OUR TOUR TODAY.>>Reporter: RICHARD PORTER HAS BEEN GIVING TOURS OF BEATLE LANDMARKS IN LONDON FOR 25 YEARS.>>OVERLOOKING THE SQUARE HERE, THAT IS PAUL McCARTNEY’S LONDON OFFICES.>>Reporter: TODAY’S TOUR IS SPECIAL, EVEN FOR HIM.>>SAVILE ROW.>>Reporter: 3SAVILE ROW, THE FORMER APPLE HEADQUARTERS AND THE SITE OF THE BEATLES’ FAMOUS ROOFTOP CONCERT. IT WAS 50 YEARS AGO. * WAS A MAN WHO THOUGHT HE WAS A LONER *>>Reporter: IT WOULD BE THE FAB 4’S LAST PUBLIC PERFORMANCE AS A GROUP.>>YOU ARE HOPING THAT PAUL AND RINGO WOULD JUST SHOW UP AND SAY HELLO.>>Reporter: ELAINE THOMPSON AND HER HUSBAND, NEIL, HAVE COME FROM VANCOUVER ISLAND.>>BECAUSE WE’RE HUGE BEATLES FANS AND I HAVE BEEN A BEATLES FAN SINCE I WAS 7 YEARS OLD AND SAW THEM ON “THE ED SULLIVAN SHOW.” (*)>>Reporter: IN 1969, THE BEATLES WERE SHOOTING A DOCUMENTARY ABOUT THE RECORDING OF THE “LET IT BE” ALBUM. THEY DECIDED THAT A PUBLIC PERFORMANCE IN AN UNORTHODOX LOCATION WOULD MAKE THE PERFECT ENDING.>>SOME WERE TALKING ABOUT AN AMPHITHEATER. AND SOME PEOPLE WERE SENT OVER TO INDONESIA TO CHECK IT OUT BUT IT DIDN’T WORK OUT.>>Reporter: BUT THEY SETTLED ON THAT ROOFTOP. WILLIAM TREVOR LITTLE WAS THERE.>>ON THAT DAY THERE WERE A LOT OF PEOPLE HERE AND ALL OF THE BUILDING WINDOWS WERE OPEN AND PEOPLE WERE HANGING OUT THE WINDOWS. PEOPLE WERE SITTING ON THE WALL UP THERE. IT WAS JUST EXCITING. (*)>>Reporter: CANADIAN PIERS HEMMINGSEN HAS WRITTEN SEVERAL BOOKS ABOUT THE BEATLES AND MADE THE TRIP TO LONDON TO MARK TODAY’S ANNIVERSARY.>>IT’S A SPECIAL DAY AND I URGE EVERYONE TO GET OUT THEIR COPY OF “LET IT BE” AND TO PLAY A COUPLE TUNES FROM THE ALBUM TO REMEMBER THE LAST TIME THAT THE BEATLES PLAYED. (*) * GET BACK * GET BACK>>Reporter: PAUL AND RINGO DIDN’T SHOW UP BUT ELAINE THOMPSON WAS STILL MOVED TO TEARS.>>JUST BEING HERE AND JUST BEING PART OF THE CROWD AND, YOU KNOW, HEARING THE SONGS AND TRYING TO IMAGINE WHAT IT WAS LIKE 50 YEARS AGO.>>Reporter: THE BEATLES ANNOUNCED THEIR BREAKUP ABOUT A YEAR AFTER THAT CONCERT, MAKING IT TRULY THE END OF AN ERA. * GET BACK TO WHERE YOU ONCE BELONGED *>>Reporter: KAYLA HOUNSELL, CBC NEWS, LONDON.>>Andrew: OKAY, NEXT ON “THE NATIONAL”… WE’RE GOING TO TAKE A TURN. THE FORMER ASSISTANT COACH FOR THE HUMBOLDT BRONCOS READ HIS VICTIM IMPACT STATEMENT TODAY. HE WAS ONE OF THE FIRST PEOPLE ON THE SCENE OF THE CRASH AND WE’RE GOING TO BE TURNING OUR “MOMENT” OVER TO HIM TONIGHT.>>YOU ARE BEARING THE UNBEARABLE. WE ALL ARE. THAT IS THE ROOT OF THE DEEPEST COMPASSION. WE HAVE BEEN TURNED INTO INSTRUMENTS OF COMPASSION. THIS IS A VERY FIERCE LESSON. (*)>>Andrew: BUD WAS THE HUMBOLDT BRONCOS ASSISTANT COACH WHO DID NOT DIE IN THE BUS CRASH. HE WAS FOLLOWING BEHIND IN HIS OWN CAR AND HE WAS ONE OF THE FIRST PEOPLE ON THE SCENE. AT FIRST HE COULDN’T COMPREHEND THE ENORMITY OF WHAT HAPPENED BUT IT SOON BECAME CLEAR. AND IN THE DAYS FOLLOWING THE CRASH BEAUDRY’S JOB WAS TO HELP TO IDENTIFY THE VICTIMS. TODAY HIS VICTIM IMPACT STATEMENT WAS ONE OF THE FINAL ONES READ IN COURT. HE SHARED A MEMORY ABOUT EACH FRIEND AND PLAYER HE IDENTIFIED. THERE ARE NO CAMERAS IN THAT TEMPORARY COURTROOM BUT BEAUDRY AGREED TO READ HIS STATEMENT AGAIN FOR US. AND THAT IS OUR “MOMENT.”>>HAVING TO DO THIS ENORMOUS TASK DIDN’T SEEM TO AFFECT ME AT THE TIME. I FELT LIKE I WAS GETTING A LAST CHANCE TO HELP OR COACH MY PLAYERS, REMEMBERING EACH ONE, AND HUNTS NOT UNDERSTANDING VIDEO, AND HELPING SCHATZI TO WORK ON HIS HIGHLIGHT PACKAGE FOR COLLEGE. AND TALKING ABOUT NUTRITION WITH WACK AT THE GROCERY STORE AND AND SEEING TOB PRACTISE HIS LITTER EAACY SKILLS AT THE CREDIT OUTION. AND SEEING ADAM SKATE WITH THE RAIDERS FOR THE FIRST TIME. JOEY TELLING ME ABOUT HIS GRANDPA BEING HIS BIGGEST FAN. AND LUKAN TRYING TO STOP ME FOR PAYING FOR SOMETHING AFTER A FIRST BUS TRIP. AND SEEING BROD COMING THROUGH THE COACH’S OFFICE DOOR ON HOME GAMES AND TOMMY’S FACE WHEN HE TOLD ME HOW HE JUMPED OUT OF THE WAY OF A PUCK TO SAVE HIMSELF INSTEAD OF OUR TEAM COMPUTER. AND JACOB OPENING UP TO ME AND ASKING FOR HELP ON THE MENTAL SIDE OF THE GAME AFTER AN INJURY. AND GLEN ALWAYS WELCOMING US. AND TYLER AND I BOTH NOT WANTING TO ADMIT THAT WE WERE ENJOYING WATCHING A PLAYER DOCUMENTARY IN FLIN FLON. AND SEEING MARK TEACHING AT THE WHITEBOARD AND LOOKING BACK AT US AFTER WITH A HUGE GRIN. AND SEEING ALL OF THE CLASSIC DARCYISMS. I HAVE TO TELL YOU, MR. SIDHU, I FORGIVE YOU. DON’T LET YOUR LIFE TO BE WASTED. FROM TODAY ON DO AS MUCH GOOD AS YOU POSSIBLY CAN GOING FORWARD, BEING COMPASSIONATE, LOVE, AND, MOST IMPORTANTLY, FORGIVE OTHERS AS YOU HAVE BEEN FORGIVEN.>>Andrew: SO THAT WAS JUST A PART OF WHAT CHRIS SAID IN HIS VICTIM IMPACT STATEMENT. THERE’S MORE TO HIS STORY. FOR ONE, THAT HE FEELS LIKE HE MAY HAVE LOST THE DESIRE TO COACH. YOU KNOW, HE TRIED GETTING BACK INTO THE GAME IN THAT COACHING CAPACITY. HE WAS ABLE TO DO IT FOR 13 GAMES AND THEN DECIDED THAT HE COULDN’T DO IT ANYMORE. SO THAT HE HAS THE CAPACITY FOR FORGIVENESS IS REALLY SOMETHING.>>Adrienne: HIS OPENNESS, WE ARE ALL GRATEFUL FOR HIS OPENNESS. I THINK THAT WE ARE ALL LEARNING FROM THIS. AND ONE THING THAT CHRIS SAID IS THAT HE IS LEARNING ABOUT TRAUMA AND HOW TO DEAL WITH IT AND HOW TO GET PAST IT AND EMPHASIZING THAT IT’S A VERY LONG PATH.>>Ian: I THINK WE’RE LEARNING A LOT TOO, RIGHT? SOME PEOPLE HAVE SADLY BEEN THROUGH SOME OF THAT KIND OF TRAUMA BUT FOR THOSE OF US THAT HAVEN’T WE ARE SEEING THESE APPROACHES AND SOME ARE FORGIVING AND SOME NOT READY TO FORGIVE BUT ALL PEOPLE HAVE BEEN THOUGHTFUL AND NOT ANY UGLINESS THAT WE HAVE SEEN AT ALL. IT’S REMARKABLE. THAT IS “THE NATIONAL” FOR JANUARY 30th. GOODNIGHT.>>Andrew: GOODNIGHT.

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