The National for January 21, 2019 — Deadly Winter Storm, RCMP Doctor, Sleep Memory


(*) (*)>>Rosemary: ON THIS MONDAY NIGHT…>>IT IS SHOCKING FOR ME TO SEE THAT SOMEBODY AT THE AGE OF 93 YEARS OLD DIED, YOU KNOW, WHEN IT’S COLD.>>Rosemary: LOCKED OUT OF HER RESIDENCE IN THE BITTER COLD, GILLES DUCEPPE’S ELDERLY MOTHER SUCCUMBS TO HYPOTHERMIA. NOW INVESTIGATORS ARE ASKING, HOW COULD SOMETHING LIKE THIS HAPPEN?>>HE WAS USING HIS AUTHORITY FOR HIS SEXUAL GRATIFICATION.>>Adrienne: THEY WERE EXPECTING ROUTINE MEDICAL EXAMS, INSTEAD, THESE WOMEN SAY THEY WERE VIOLATED, ASSAULTED BY AN RCMP DOCTOR.>>I WANT JUSTICE, I WANT HIM TO BE CHARGED.>>Adrienne: AND THAT THE FORCE COVERED IT UP. THE CBC NEWS INVESTIGATION. (*)>>Ian: AND ARE YOU GETTING ENOUGH REST?>>60% OF CANADIANS DON’T GET THE SLEEP THEY NEED OR THE SLEEP THAT THEY WANT.>>Ian: THE TOLL THAT IT CAN TAKE ON YOUR BODY, YOUR MIND AND YOUR MEMORY. AN IN-DEPTH LOOK AT THE SCIENCE OF SLEEP. THIS IS “THE NATIONAL.” (*) (*)>>Rosemary: WE BEGIN TONIGHT IN MONTRÉAL WHERE THE EXTREME COLD SO MANY OF US HAVE BEEN LIVING THROUGH HAS COST A 93-YEAR-OLD WOMAN HER LIFE. HELENE ROWLEY-HOTTE, THE MOTHER OF BLOC QUÉBECOIS LEADER GILLES DUCEPPE, WAS AWAKENED BY AN ALARM AND SHE BUNDLED UP AGAINST THE TEMPERATURES THAT FELT AT THE TIME LIKE -32°. AS ALISON NORTHCOTT TELLS US, SHE DIDN’T MAKE IT BACK IN.>>Reporter: IT WAS BITTERLY COLD SUNDAY WHEN AN ALARM WENT OFF AT THIS PRIVATE SENIORS’ COMPLEX AROUND 4:00 a.m..>>I HEARD THE ALARM — THE BELL RANG FOUR TIMES AND STOPPED SUDDENLY. I LOOKED OUT THE WINDOW AND I SAW THE FIREMEN, ABOUT FOUR OR FIVE CARS OF THE FIREMEN PEOPLE.>>Reporter: SOME RESIDENTS LEFT THEIR APARTMENTS, INCLUDING 93-YEAR-OLD HELENE ROWLEY-HOTTE. POLICE SAY THAT SHE WAS HARD-OF-HEARING AND MAY NOT HAVE HEARD THE ANNOUNCEMENT SAYING THAT HER BUILDING WAS NOT BEING EVACUATED. SEVEN HOURS LATER HER BODY WAS FOUND OUTSIDE IN THE SNOW.>>[Speaking French]>>Reporter: I FIND IT FRIGHTENING, SAYS THIS WOMAN WHO LIVES NEARBY, THAT SOMEONE COULD HAVE BEEN OUTSIDE WITHOUT ANYONE NOTICING.>>[Speaking French]>>Reporter: THIS RESIDENT SAYS THAT FIREFIGHTERS EXPLAINED THAT THERE WAS A PROBLEM WITH CARBON MONOXIDE. BUT EVERYONE SOON RETURNED TO THEIR APARTMENTS. POLICE SAY THAT ROWLEY-HOTTE GOT LOCKED OUT AND COULDN’T GET BACK IN. THE OWNERS OF THE COMPLEX SAID IN A STATEMENT THAT WHEN ROWLEY-HOTTE WENT OUTSIDE SHE WAS WEARING WINTER CLOTHING. THEY SAID THAT THEIR SECURITY CAMERAS SHOWED THAT SHE FAINTED AT SOME POINT AFTER EXITING. THE CORONER’S OFFICE IS INVESTIGATING. THE PROVINCE’S SENIORS’ MINISTER SAYS THAT SHE WILL TAKE ACTION IF IT’S WARRANTED.>>IF WE HAVE TO CHANGE SOMETHING IN THE FUTURE TO MAKE SURE THAT PEOPLE ARE LIVING MORE — IN MORE SECURITY, WE WILL DO IT.>>Reporter: ROWLEY-HOTTE WAS THE MOTHER OF FORMER QUÉBECOIS LEADER GILLES DUCEPPE. HIS POLITICAL COLLEAGUES OFFERED SYMPATHY AND SUPPORT.>>Prime Minister Justin Trudeau: LEARNING ABOUT IT NOW MY CONDOLENCES GO OUT TO MR. DUCEPPE AND HIS FAMILY.>>IT’S VERY DIFFICULT FOR HIM. I SPOKE WITH HIM TODAY AND IT’S VERY, VERY DIFFICULT FOR HIM AND FOR ALL OF THE FAMILY.>>Reporter: THE PRIVATE COMPLEX IS HOME TO MORE THAN 600 SENIORS. MOST OF THEM ARE AUTONOMOUS. AND FOR THAT REASON THE SENIORS MINISTRY SAYS THAT A HEAD COUNT ISN’T MANDATORY AFTER AN EVACUATION. THE FACILITY SAYS THEY’RE FULLY COOPERATING WITH THE INVESTIGATION. ALISON NORTHCOTT, CBC NEWS, MONTRÉAL.>>Rosemary: QUÉBEC’S CORONER’S OFFICE SAY THAT 121 PEOPLE DIED FROM EXPOSURE TO EXTREME COLD BETWEEN 2010 AND 2016. 31 WERE ELDERLY, MEANING OVER THE AGE OF 75. AND THERE ARE MORE CONCERNS ABOUT EXPOSURE IN OTHER PARTS OF CANADA TONIGHT. EXTREME COLD IS GRIPPING PARTS OF ONTARIO AND QUÉBEC. AND ATLANTIC CANADA IS STILL DEALING WITH THE AFTERMATH OF THAT NASTY WINTER STORM.>>THERE’S A BIG LAYER OF CRUST, PRETTY THICK ICE FROM SOME FREEZING RAIN THAT FELL LAST NIGHT. AND THEN UNDERNEATH THAT THE FIRST SNOW THAT FELL YESTERDAY ALSO LOOKS QUITE FLUFFY.>>Rosemary: IN NEW BRUNSWICK, PEOPLE HAVE BEEN DIGGING OUT ALL DAY AND CREWS ARE WORKING AROUND THE CLOCK TO KEEP THE STREETS CLEAR.>>I WOULD COMPARE IT TO TRYING TO PLOW SALT REALLY.>>Rosemary: SOME AREAS SAW MORE THAN 30 cm OF SNOW. OTHERS A TREACHEROUS MIX OF SNOW, ICE PELLETS AND FREEZING RAIN THAT CAUSED FLASH FLOODING IN MONCTON AND SAINT JOHN.>>I’M JUST WORKING AS BEST I CAN TO FIND THE STORM DRAIN SO THAT OUR SWIMMING POOL IN THE STREET DRAINS.>>Rosemary: AND THEN THERE’S THE EXTREME COLD. THE TEMPERATURES HERE IN OTTAWA COULD FEEL LIKE -35° TONIGHT. FOR MANY THAT MEANS STAYING INDOORS OR BUNDLING UP.>>UNDER THE HEAVY COAT IS A FEW OTHER LAYERS.>>Rosemary: BUT FOR OTHERS IT’S A MATTER OF LIFE-OR-DEATH.>>I DON’T LIKE TO BE OUT HERE. I JUST DON’T HAVE ANY CHOICE IF I WANT TO EAT.>>Rosemary: THE BIG WORRY, OF COURSE, IS FROSTBITE WHICH CAN HAPPEN IN JUST 10 MINUTES. TORONTO’S MAYOR SAYS THAT SHELTERS WERE NEARLY FULL LAST NIGHT AND OUTREACH WORKERS ARE TRYING TO CONVINCE MORE PEOPLE ON THE STREETS TO SEEK REFUGE INDOORS.>>>THE GOOD NEWS IS THAT THE END IS IN SIGHT AND IT’S A BALMY -11° IN MY HOMETOWN OF WINNIPEG RIGHT NOW. SOUTHERN ONTARIO SHOULD WARM UP TOMORROW.>>Adrienne: THE RCMP IS GOING THROUGH A KIND OF SLOW-MOTION “ME TOO” MOMENT, DEALING WITH THOUSANDS OF CLAIMS OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT IN A CLASS-ACTION LAWSUIT AND GETTING A NEW CIVILIAN WATCHDOG. BUT AMID ALL OF THAT, THE RCMP NOW FACES ALLEGATIONS THEY COVERED UP SEXUAL ASSAULTS. A CBC NEWS INVESTIGATION REVEALS THAT YEARS AGO THREE FEMALE RCMP EMPLOYEES CAME FORWARD ABOUT A DOCTOR WHO EXAMINED THEM WHEN THEY WERE NEW RECRUITS. THEY BROUGHT ALLEGATIONS TO THEIR BOSSES, LOCAL POLICE AND REGULATORS. BUT NOTHING HAPPENED. NOW THE WOMEN ARE COMING FORWARD ONCE AGAIN ALONG WITH DOZENS OF OTHERS. DAVE SEGLINS HAS THEIR STORY, AND A WARNING HERE — THE DETAILS OF THE ALLEGATIONS ARE DISTURBING.>>HELLO!>>Reporter: A REUNION, BITTERSWEET.>>30 YEARS LATER.>>WE’LL DO THIS TOGETHER.>>Reporter: THEY’RE MEETING TO EXPOSE A SECRET.>>I HAD ALL OF THE PAPERWORK SAVED.>>Reporter: ABOUT THE MANDATORY MEDICAL EXAMS THEY HAD WHEN THEY EACH FIRST JOINED THE RCMP.>>HE STARTS TO PULL AT MY NIPPLES AND I ASKED, YOU KNOW, WHY ARE YOU DOING THAT?>>SO HE HAD ME SPREAD MY LEGS AND HE DIDN’T HAVE GLOVES ON HIS HANDS. HE CHECKS AROUND AND HE KEEPS CALLING IT “A PEEK.” I’M TAKING A PEEK.>>THIS IS WHAT THE RCMP SAYS THAT YOU HAVE TO DO TO BE EMPLOYED WAS THE SPECIFIC ANSWER OVER AND OVER AGAIN.>>Reporter: THESE THREE WOMEN ARE STILL HAUNTED, STILL ANGRY ABOUT WHAT HAPPENED. IT WAS 1989. HELEN HENDERSON AND VICKI GRAVELLE AND SYLVIE CORRIVEAU. THEY WERE YOUNG, NEWLY HIRED AT THE RCMP’S TORONTO AIRPORT DETACHMENT. THEY GOT TO TALKING ABOUT THE RCMP DOCTOR, JOHN A. MacDOUGALL AND THE BREAST AND VAGINAL EXAMS THAT HE DID. THEY DECIDED TO REPORT HIM.>>I FELT THAT WE’RE GOING TO BE ABLE TO GET THIS GUY. I’VE GOT TWO OTHER PEOPLE SAYING THEY HAD SIMILAR THINGS HAPPEN TO THEM. HOW COULD THIS NOT — THIS IS A SURE WIN. WE’RE GOING TO GET HIM KICKED OUT.>>Reporter: YOU REPORTED IT TO THE RCMP AND YOU REPORTED IT TO THE TORONTO POLICE AND THE COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS. SO, WHAT HAPPENED?>>NOTHING. NOTHING.>>Reporter: THE PAPER TRAIL IN THIS CASE IS TROUBLING. THE RCMP QUICKLY STEPPED IN AND TOLD THE WOMEN “NO GROUNDS EXISTED TO LAY CRIMINAL CHARGES.” ONE MONTH LATER SENIOR BRASS CLOSED THE FILE. BUT NOT BEFORE SENDING OUT A MEMO TO ALL DOCTORS WITHIN THE FORCE SPELLING OUT RULES FOR PROPER BREAST EXAMINATIONS AND DIRECTING THEM THAT “GYNECOLOGICAL EXAMS WILL NOT BE DONE BY HEALTH SERVICES OFFICERS.” WELL, THE COLLEGES OF PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS ALSO INVESTIGATED. MacDOUGALL TOLD THEM THAT HE WAS TEACHING “BREAST SELF-EXAMINATION TECHNIQUE.” HE WAS SILENT ON THE OTHER COMPLAINTS. “I AM DEEPLY DISAPPOINTED THAT THE APPLICANTS, SUBJECT OF THIS INVESTIGATION, HAVE FELT IN ANY WAY MISTREATED,” HE WROTE. THE COLLEGE CANCELLED THE DISCIPLINARY HEARING. ACCORDING TO THE INTERNAL RECORDS THE PROSECUTORS SAY THAT THE WOMEN BACKED DOWN AND WERE AFRAID TO TESTIFY. THE WOMEN TELL US THAT’S JUST NOT TRUE. NOW EITHER WAY MacDOUGALL KEPT HIS LICENCE FOR ANOTHER DECADE.>>I BLAME EVERYONE — TORONTO POLICE, THE RCMP, AND THE COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS. THEIR LACK OF ACTION, YOU KNOW, RESULTED IN MORE FEMALES BEING SEXUALLY ASSAULTED. IT COULD HAVE STOPPED BUT THEY FAILED TO DO SO.>>Reporter: A YEAR AGO TORONTO POLICE RE-OPENED THEIR INVESTIGATION. 30 COMPLAINTANTS HAVE COME FORWARD.>>THIS LOOKS LIKE IT.>>Reporter: NOW JOHN MacDOUGALL IS IN HIS MID-80s AND HE LIVES AT THIS RETIREMENT RESIDENCE JUST WEST OF TORONTO. WE’LL GO IN AND SEE IF WE CAN SPEAK TO HIM ABOUT THESE ALLEGATIONS.>>CAN I HELP YOU?>>YES, I’M HERE TO SEE JOHN MacDOUGALL. IS HE HERE?>>I CAN’T GIVE ANY INFORMATION ABOUT ANYBODY.>>Reporter: MacDOUGALL’S LAWYER LATER TOLD US THAT HE IS FRAIL AND IN AROUND-THE-CLOCK CARE AND IS SUFFERING DEMENTIA. HIS FAMILY DECLINED TO COMMENT.>>I WANT JUSTICE. I WANT HIM TO BE CHARGED. WE LIVED WITH THIS FOR SO LONG AND WE’VE HAD TO PUT IT ON THE BACKBURNER. WE NEVER THOUGHT THAT WE’D BE HERE TODAY. BUT FOR WHATEVER HAS HAPPENED WITH THE “ME TOO” MOVEMENT, IT’S TIME.>>Adrienne: SO, DAVE, YOU HEAR THEM THERE TALKING ABOUT JUSTICE AND YOU HEAR THAT OFTEN THAT PEOPLE WANT IT. BUT IT’S HARD TO KNOW WHAT JUSTICE LOOKS LIKE. SO IN THEIR CASE WALK US THROUGH WHAT THAT MEANS.>>Reporter: FOR SOME THEY WANT HIM TO BE CONFRONTED. WHETHER HE WILL KNOW, GIVEN HIS STATE OF HEALTH, WHAT HE’S CONFRONTED WITH IS A BIG QUESTION. WHETHER HE’LL EVER FACE CHARGES IS A HUGE QUESTION. BUT FOR SOME OF THE WOMEN THAT WE SPOKE TO — THE RCMP — THEY REALLY WANT THE RCMP HELD ACCOUNTABLE. FOR THEM IT’S BEING HEARD, IT’S BEING ACKNOWLEDGED, THE RCMP ACKNOWLEDGING WHAT HAPPENED TO THEM. THEY HAD HOPED THEY WOULD GET SOME JUSTICE THROUGH THE CLASS-ACTION LAWSUIT THAT WE HEARD ABOUT OVER THE YEARS. BUT BECAUSE SOME OF THEM WERE RECRUITS WHEN THEY WERE EXAMINED THEY WEREN’T TECHNICALLY EMPLOYEES SO THEY WERE DISQUALIFIED FROM COMPENSATION. THAT’S WHY THEY’RE LAUNCHING A NEW LAWSUIT.>>Adrienne: DAVE SEGLINS, THANK YOU VERY MUCH.>>Reporter: THANK YOU.>>Adrienne: NOW THE PUBLIC SAFETY MINISTER RALPH GOODALE WOULDN’T COMMENT ON THESE WOMEN’S ALLEGATIONS BUT HE SAYS THAT CASES LIKE THEIRS UNDERSCORE THE NEED FOR CHANGE.>>The Hon. Ralph Goodale: THAT IS WHY WE HAVE PURSUED THE MODERNIZATION AGENDA THAT WE HAVE SO VIGOROUSLY. YOU WILL SEE THAT REFLECTED IN THE MANDATE LETTER TO THE COMMISSIONER, AND THE SELECTION OF THE COMMISSIONER HERSELF, AND IN THE GOVERNANCE CHANGES THAT WE ANNOUNCED A WEEK AGO. ALL OF THAT IS AIMED TOWARD REMEDYING THIS SITUATION AND MAKING SURE THAT THE CORNER IS THOROUGHLY AND SOUNDLY TURNED.>>Adrienne: GOODALE ADDED THAT THERE WILL BE MORE ANNOUNCEMENTS IN THE COMING WEEKS ON CHALLENGES TO THE RCMP’S HARASSMENT PROCEDURE.>>Ian: TO A DEVELOPING STORY IN BRITISH COLUMBIA NOW WHERE QUESTIONS HAVE BEEN SWIRLING SINCE LATE LAST YEAR WHEN TWO TOP OFFICIALS IN THE B.C. LEGISLATURE BECAME SUBJECTS OF A CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION. BUT THE REASON WHY WAS KEPT SECRET UNTIL TODAY. RENÉE FILIPPONE HAS DETAILS FROM AN EXPLOSIVE REPORT THAT HAS JUST BEEN MADE PUBLIC ON THE ALLEGATIONS AND UNNECESSARY OVERSEAS TRIPPED AND PADDED EXPENSE ACCOUNTS AND QUESTIONABLE CASH PAYOUTS.>>Reporter: TWO MONTHS AGO TODAY CLERK CRAIG JAMES AND SERGEANT-AT-ARMS GARY LENZ WERE ESCORTED OUT OF THE LEGISLATURE. THEY WERE SUSPENDED AND PUT UNDER CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION. THE PAIR CLAIMED IT CAME AS A SURPRISE.>>I KNOW THAT I HAVE DONE NOTHING WRONG. IT’S NOT AN ISSUE THAT IS ANYTHING WILL BE FOUND THAT WILL COME UP.>>Reporter: NO DETAILS WERE MADE PUBLIC. SPEAKER DARRELL PLECAS WHO LAUNCHED THE INVESTIGATION WAS CRITICIZED. TODAY HIS OFFICE IS HOPING FOR VINDICATION.>>FOR THE LAST FEW MONTHS THE SPEAKER AND I HAVE BEEN CALLED INTO QUESTION AND IT’S BEEN A QUESTION OF OUR MOTIVES. OUR MOTIVES IS SIMPLY THIS — TO LOOK AFTER AND PROTECT THE BRITISH COLUMBIAN TAXPAYER.>>Reporter: THE ALLEGATIONS INCLUDE LUXURIOUS TRIPS OVERSEAS UNDER QUESTIONABLE RATIONALES WITH TENS OF THOUSANDS IN PERSONAL EXPENSES BEING BILLED TO THE LEGISLATURE. PART OF THE REPORT REFERENCES A $3,200 WOOD SPLITTER THAT, QUOTE “NEVER ARRIVED AT THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY. AND INSTEAD WAS TAKEN DIRECTLY TO MR. JAMES’ PERSONAL RESIDENCE.” AMONG OTHER THINGS ALLEGATIONS THAT A TRUCKLOAD OF ALCOHOL “MAY HAVE BEEN MISAPPROPRIATED.”>>IT’S VERY CONCERNING WHAT WE SEE IN TERMS OF THE ALLEGATIONS AROUND EXPENDITURES. I AM ALSO THOUGH CONCERNED WITH RESPECT TO THE SIGNOFF ON THOSE EXPENDITURES.>>Reporter: THOSE CONCERNS ARE SHARED BY THE B.C. N.D.P.>>WHAT WE SAW OUT OF THESE TWO OFFICES IS EXPENSES THAT I — THAT THE GENERAL PUBLIC WOULD JUST SHAKE THEIR HEAD AT DISBELIEF.>>Ian: THERE ARE SOME SERIOUS ALLEGATIONS HERE. WHAT ARE WE HEARING FROM JAMES AND LENZ?>>Reporter: WELL, LATE TODAY, IAN, THE PAIR ISSUED A STATEMENT SAYING THAT THEY’RE SHOCKED THAT THE SPEAKER WOULD RELEASE A REPORT CONTAINING SUCH DAMNING AND IN THEIR WORDS, HEARSAY ALLEGATIONS. NOW THE PAIR SAY THOSE ALLEGATIONS HAVE NEVER BEEN SHARED WITH THEM AND THEY NEVER HAD AN OPPORTUNITY TO RESPOND AND THEY GO ON TO SAY YET AGAIN THAT THE CLAIMS ARE FALSE AND UNTRUE. AND IN THE MEANTIME A SPECIAL PROSECUTOR APPOINTED BY THE PROVINCE IS CONDUCTING ITS OWN INVESTIGATION. IAN?>>Ian: RENEE, THANK YOU.>>Rosemary: TURNING NOW TO A TOUGH ISSUE THAT THIS COUNTRY HAS BEEN WRESTLING WITH FOR A LONG TIME — THE STRUGGLE TO PROVIDE ADEQUATE LONG-TERM CARE FOR SENIORS. IT’S NOT JUST ABOUT SPACE AND MONEY, THERE ARE GROWING THREATS TO SENIORS’ PERSONAL SAFETY IN LONG-TERM CARE HOMES. WITH INCREASING CASES OF DEMENTIA COME THE RISING LEVEL OF VIOLENCE BETWEEN RESIDENTS AND EVEN HOMICIDE. DAVID COMMON EXPLORES THIS DISTURBING TREND.>>Reporter: IN LIFE KEITH WOOD WAS FULL OF ADVENTURE, A NAVAL VETERAN WITH A FLAIR FOR FUN. IT ALL ENDED WITH A GASH ACROSS HIS HEAD, A BLOOD CLOT IN HIS BRAIN. IT WAS THE RESULT OF AN UNPROVOKED ATTACK INSIDE THE HOME INTENDED TO CARE FOR HIM.>>PARTING IS SUCH SWEET SORROW. I’LL BE HERE IN THE MORNING IF YOU’RE STILL HERE AND IF YOU’RE NOT, I WILL UNDERSTAND. AND I WAS HOME ABOUT AN HOUR WHEN THEY CALLED TO SAY HE HAD DIED.>>Reporter: HIS WIFE AND CAREGIVER SAYS THAT SHE SOON LEARNED THAT THE MAN WHO ATTACKED KEITH, A RESIDENT WITH A HISTORY OF VIOLENCE, WAS CHARGED WITH MANSLAUGHTER. THE UNPREDICTABLE AND SOMETIMES AGGRESSIVE EFFECTS OF DEMENTIA ARE SEEN AS A KEY REASON BEHIND THE ESCALATING VIOLENCE. THEY WERE EVIDENT IN THIS CASE CBC REPORTED LAST YEAR WHEN A RESIDENT HURLED A CHAIR AT MAYER-SATAWAY. AND THE ATTACK CONTINUED AND MAYER WOULD LATER DIE. 289 DEATHS OVER SIX YEARS HAVE BEEN DEEMED A HOMICIDE.>>THERE IS A TOTAL CONSENSUS THAT THERE IS A CRITICAL SITUATION IN LONG-TERM CARE IN WHICH THE ACUITY OF THE RES DIFFERENTS ARE EXTREMELY HIGH. AND THE CARE LEVELS ARE TOO LOW. AND THE VIOLENCE LEVELS HAVE REALLY JUST SKYROCKETED.>>Reporter: RESIDENT-ON-RESIDENT VIOLENCE SURGED 105% BETWEEN 2011 AND 2016. ONTARIO’S CORONER HAS REPEATEDLY WARNED THE ISSUE OF RESIDENT-ON-RESIDENT VIOLENCE IS AN URGENT AND PERSISTENT ISSUE. THOSE WHO LIVE IN THE HOMES ARE ARRIVING LATER IN LIFE, LIVING LONGER, AND MORE OFTEN WITH DEMENTIA WHICH CAN PRODUCE AGGRESSIVE UNPREDICTABLE BEHAVIOURS. YET A NEW REPORT FROM THE ONTARIO HEALTH COALITION SAYS THAT THE STAFFING LEVELS ARE DECREASING RELATIVE TO THE GROWING NEEDS OF OUR PARENTS AND GRANDPARENTS IN THE HOMES.>>Rosemary: OKAY, DAVID, WHAT ARE ONTARIO HEALTH OFFICIALS SAYING ABOUT THIS?>>Reporter: NOTHING. THEY WOULDN’T TALK ABOUT THE HOMICIDES BEING DISCUSSED TODAY. WE DO KNOW THOUGH THAT SOME HOMES ARE TRYING TO ADDRESS DEMENTIA IN DIFFERENT WAYS AND EVEN WITH ARCHITECTURE. CHANGING IT SO THAT THOSE WITH DEMENTIA WHO WANDER ARE NOT STUCK UP AGAINST A WALL ESSENTIALLY. THAT REDUCES SOME OF THE AGGRESSION. IT’S SHOWN TO BE PROMISING. BUT AT THE END OF THE DAY THIS REPORT AND MANY OTHERS BEFORE IT HAVE POINTED TO STAFFING — THE LACK OF STAFFING IN PARTICULAR. 62% OF THE AGGRESSIVE INCIDENTS, ACCORDING TO ONE STUDY, HAVE BEEN UNWITNESSED BY STAFF. NOW STAFF CAN’T BE EVERYWHERE ALL THE TIME BUT WHEN THEY AREN’T THERE, BAD STUFF CAN HAPPEN.>>Rosemary: OKAY, DAVID, THANK YOU FOR THIS. I APPRECIATE IT.>>Ian: HERE ARE SOME OF THE OTHER DEVELOPING STORIES THAT WE’RE FOLLOWING TONIGHT…>>>A THUNDER BAY MAN WILL STAND TRIAL FOR SECOND-DEGREE MURDER FOR KILLING AN INDIGENOUS WOMAN. BRAYDEN BUSHBY IS THE MAN HERE. HE THREW AN OBJECT FROM A CAR THAT HIT BARBARA KENTNER. SHE DIED SEVERAL MONTHS LATER FROM HER INJURIES. THE JUDGE TODAY SAID THAT THERE WAS ENOUGH EVIDENCE PRESENTED IN THE PRELIMINARY HEARING TO SEND THE CASE TO TRIAL.>>THE FOUNDER OF BEAUTY BRAND DECIEM HAS DIED. THE COMPANY CONFIRMED THAT 40-YEAR-OLD BRANDON TRUAXE PASSED AWAY OVER THE WEEKEND. TRUAXE HAD A STRAINED RELATIONSHIP WITH THE BRAND. AFTER ABRUPTLY CLOSING HIS 30 STORES FOLLOWING TWO COURT PROCEEDINGS LAST YEAR, HE WAS REMOVED AS THE COMPANIES C.E.O. AND ORDERED TO STAY AWAY FROM DECIEM STORES AND EMPLOYEES.>>Adrienne: STILL AHEAD ON “THE NATIONAL”… WHILE THERESA MAY REVEALS PLAN B FOR BREXIT WE TAKE YOU TO A TOWN OVERWHELMINGLY IN FAVOUR OF LEAVING.>>Ian: PLUS, HOW MUCH IS A GOOD NIGHT’S SLEEP WORTH? TONIGHT WE BEGIN AN IN-DEPTH SERIES WITH NEW SIGNS SHOWING HOW GETTING YOUR REST CAN BOOST YOUR BRAIN POWER.>>Rosemary: I’LL GIVE YOU A MILLION DOLLARS FOR A GOOD NIGHT’S SLEEP, IAN.>>>AND WOULD YOU DO ANYTHING FOR LOVE? HOW ABOUT THIS…>>SHE WANTED A COFFEE AND I’D DO ANYTHING FOR HER. SO I SAID, YOU KNOW WHAT, I WILL SKATE TO GET IT AND THAT’S WHAT I DID.>>BREXIT TELLS US THAT EMOTIONALLY WE’RE GOING TO BREAK.>>SINCE THE REFERENDUM WE HAVE BEEN LIVING IN A STATE OF CONSTANT FEAR.>>Adrienne: THERE ARE SOME ANXIOUS PEOPLE IN LONDON LATELY. BRITISH AND EUROPEANS ARE SHARING THEIR CONCERNS ABOUT THE U.K. LEAVING THE E.U. PLENTY OF ANXIETY TOO IN THE BRITISH PARLIAMENT AFTER THAT STUNNING REJECTION OF THERESA MAY’S ORIGINAL DIVORCE DEAL. WELL, TODAY THE PRIME MINISTER PITCHED HER REVISED BREXIT PROPOSAL.>>FOLLOWING LAST WEEK’S VOTE IT IS CLEAR THAT THE GOVERNMENT’S APPROACH HAD TO CHANGE. I LISTENED TO COLLEAGUES FROM DIFFERENT PARTIES AND WITH DIFFERENT VIEWS.>>Adrienne: SO MAY SAYS THAT HER NEW PLAN, PLAN B, MAKES THE NEGOTIATING RELATIONSHIP WITH THE E.U. MORE FLEXIBLE. SHE PITCHED IT AS HAVING MORE PROTECTIONS FOR WORKERS’ RIGHTS AND THE ENVIRONMENT. SHE ALSO MADE IT CLEAR THAT THERE CANNOT BE A PHYSICAL SO-CALLED HARD BORDER BETWEEN NORTHERN IRELAND AND THE IRISH REPUBLIC. NO SURPRISE THAT THESE PROPOSALS DID NOT IMPRESS OPPOSITION LEADER JEREMY CORBYN WHO SAYS THAT PLAN B LOOKS FAR TOO MUCH LIKE PLAN A.>>WHAT MAKES HER THINK THAT WHAT SHE TRIED TO RENEGOTIATE IN DECEMBER WILL SUCCEED IN JANUARY? MR. SPEAKER, THIS DOES FEEL LIKE GROUNDHOG DAY.>>Adrienne: BOTH CLAIM THAT IF BREXIT IS TO HAPPEN THEY’D RATHER THERE BE A DEAL, BUT WHAT KIND OF DEAL? THEY’RE NOT THERE YET AND TIME IS TICKING. IN FACT, THERE’S JUST TWO MONTHS UNTIL THAT ACTUALLY IS SUPPOSED TO HAPPEN. UNDERSTANDABLE THEN WHY SO MANY PEOPLE ARE PREOCCUPIED, ESPECIALLY THOSE WHO WANT OUT OF THE E.U. SO THOMAS DAIGLE TOOK A TRIP TO A CITY THAT VOTED OVERWHELMINGLY TO LEAVE TO ASK, HOW DO YOU FEEL ABOUT THAT NOW?>>Reporter: WHOEVER THOUGHT THAT BREAKING UP WOULD BE THIS COMPLICATED. CERTAINLY NO ONE HERE IN STOKE-ON-TRENT. NICKNAMED BRITAIN’S BREXIT CAPITAL. NEARLY SEVEN IN 10 VOTERS IN THIS CITY CHOSE TO LEAVE AND THERE’S NO SIGN OF A CHANGE OF HEART NOW.>>WE’VE GOT NOTHING TO LOOK FORWARD TO. AND SO IN MY OPINION WE ARE BETTER OUT.>>Reporter: AT THE PUB THERE’S NO TALK OF THAT PESKY BACKSTOP OR COMPLICATED CUSTOMS ARRANGEMENTS. NO, ALL THEY WANT IS TO GET ON WITH BREXIT.>>THERE WILL NOT BE A DEAL. BUT THERE’S NOTHING TO FEAR IN THAT THOUGH.>>I THINK THAT LEAVING WITHOUT A DEAL IS BETTER THAN NOT LEAVING.>>Reporter: BREXIT WAS THIS GRITTY CITY’S GUT REACTION TO
>>I THINK THAT LEAVING WITHOUT A DEAL IS BETTER THAN NOT LEAVING.>>Reporter: BREXIT WAS THIS GRITTY CITY’S GUT REACTION TO DECADES OF MISFORTUNE. A REFLECTION OF BRITAIN’S INDUSTRIES CHANGING, FEARS OF IMMIGRATION, AND A FEELING THAT PLACES LIKE THIS HAVE BEEN LEFT BEHIND.>>WE’VE ALL COME OUT AND WHY SHOULD IT TAKE SO LONG?>>Reporter: FOR CENTURIES STOKE HAS BEEN KNOWN AS ENGLAND’S HUB FOR CERAMICS AND POTTERY. A LOCAL INDUSTRY THAT ONCE EMPLOYED 100,000 AND NOW HAS JUST 7,000 WORKERS. THE PRESTIGIOUS ROYAL DOULTON BRAND PACKED UP LONG AGO, LEAVING THIS EYESORE BEHIND. STOKES’ MOST FAMOUS INDUSTRY MAY BE SMALLER NOW, BUT IT’S STILL MIGHTY. MOORLAND POTTERY MAKES A THOUSAND MUGS A WEEK BY HAND. A RARE BREED, JOHN PLANT, HAS STAYED IN THIS BUSINESS FOR 30 YEARS. RARER STILL HE VOTED AGAINST BREXIT.>>WE HAVE BEEN DUPED, WE HAVE BEEN LIED TO AND PEOPLE HAVE BELIEVED THOSE LIES.>>Reporter: THERE’S A GROWING SUSPICION HERE THAT BREXIT COULD BE DELAYED OR EVEN CANCELLED, AND WITH STOKE LEFT BEHIND ONCE MORE.>>HOW WILL IT AFFECT YOU?>>Reporter: LOCAL M.P. GARRETT SNELL HEARS IT FROM HIS CONSTITUENTS ALL THE TIME.>>SO THERE’S A FRUSTRATION, AGAIN, THAT POLITICS ISN’T WORKING. IF WE ARE NOT CAREFUL WE HAVE HAD ACTIVITY HERE AND WE’RE CREATING THE VACUUMS THEY CAN EASILY FILL.>>Reporter: AT THE PUB AND ACROSS THE CITY, THEY’RE SAYING THIS DEADLOCK IS NOT WHAT THEY VOTED FOR. BREXIT HAS SO FAR MISSED THE MARK. THOMAS DAIGLE, CBC NEWS, STOKE-ON-TRENT, ENGLAND.>>Rosemary: STILL AHEAD ON “THE NATIONAL”… CANADA VERSUS NORWAY — THE WAR OVER A GIANT FAKE MOOSE.>>Ian: BUT, FIRST, WE BEGIN ON “IN-DEPTH” SERIES ON SLEEP. DUNCAN McCUE FINDS OUT EXACTLY HOW MUCH A GOOD NIGHT’S SLEEP CAN CHANGE YOUR BRAIN.>>ALL RIGHT, DUNCAN, WE’LL GET STARTED WITH THE TASK NOW. THE TOWER OF DISKS THAT YOU SEE ON THE LEFT THAT YOU’RE GOING TO WANT TO MOVE THOSE ALL THE WAY TO THE RIGHT. (*)>>Adrienne: OVER THE NEXT FEW DAYS WE’LL BE GOING IN-DEPTH INTO A CRUCIAL AND INCREASINGLY SCARCE RESOURCE, ONE THAT WE ALL ADORE — THAT’S SLEEP. WE SPEND ABOUT A THIRD OF OUR LIVES SLEEPING, OR AT LEAST WE SHOULD BE. EACH TIME RESEARCHERS CHECK CANADIANS SEEM TO BE SLEEPING LESS. BACK IN 2005 CANADIANS AVERAGED ABOUT EIGHT HOURS OF SLEEP A NIGHT. BY 2013 THAT HAD DROPPED TO SEVEN. AND NOW ABOUT 40% OF CANADIANS ARE DEALING WITH SOME KIND OF SLEEP DISORDER. 3.3 MILLION OF US LIVE WITH OUT-AND-OUT INSOMONIA. SOMETHING KEEPS OUR MINDS FROM FALLING APART. IT’S LINKED TO OBESITY, HEART DISEASE AND STROKE DIABETES AND DEPRESSION. AS DUNCAN McCUE EXPLORES IN TONIGHT’S STORY, IT HAS A DRAMATIC EFFECT ON MEMORY. (*) GOING ON WITH YOUR BRAIN WHEN YOU SLEEP, FOLLOW THIS GUY.>>THERE’S SO LITTLE KNOWN COMPARED TO OTHER AREAS OF SCIENCE AND NEUROSCIENCE IN PARTICULAR. IT’S ABOUT THE MYSTERY OF SLEEP. YOU CAN SEE THE FLUID IS THE BRIGHTEST.>>Reporter: STEWART FOGEL IS A PSYCHOLOGY PROFESSOR AND THE DIRECTOR OF SLEEP NEUROSCIENCE AT THE INSTITUTE. AND I’M GETTING A FRONT ROW SEAT IN ONE OF THE FEW PLACES IN THE WORLD THAT ACTUALLY RECORDS WHAT HAPPENS IN THE BRAIN DURING SLEEP.>>BEING ABLE TO LEVERAGE NEW TECHNOLOGIES AND DRAW BACK THE CURTAINS AND PEER INSIDE TO SEE WHAT’S HAPPENING IN THE BRAIN WHILE WE’RE SLEEPING IS JUST FASCINATING.>>Reporter: THIS IS HOW IT BEGINS. MY JOURNEY INTO THE WORLD OF SLEEP. TO UNDERSTAND WHY WE CAN’T DO WITHOUT IT.>>60% OF CANADIANS DON’T GET THE SLEEP THAT THEY NEED OR THE SLEEP THAT THEY WANT. IT’S QUITE A BIG NUMBER.>>Reporter: THAT’S A HUGE NUMBER. THAT’S OVER HALF OF US ARE NOT GETTING AS MUCH SLEEP AS WE WANT.>>THAT’S RIGHT.>>Reporter: FOGEL IS HALFWAY THROUGH A FOUR-YEAR RESEARCH PROJECT UNCOVERING CONNECTIONS BETWEEN SLEEP AND MEMORY.>>A LOT OF WHAT SLEEP IS GOOD FOR HAS TO DO WITH MEMORY. PEOPLE ARE REALLY GAINING A LOT OF INTEREST IN THIS BECAUSE THERE SEEMS TO BE SO MUCH ABOUT SLEEP. THE MORE WE DO STUDY THIS, THE MORE WE FIND HOW THERE’S JUST SO MANY ASPECTS OF SLEEP THAT ARE INVOLVED IN MEMORY PROCESSING.>>Reporter: TO SHOW ME WHY SLEEP IS SO CRITICAL TO HOW WE LEARN, I’M NOT ACTUALLY GOING TO SLEEP.>>ALL RIGHT, DUNCAN, WE’RE GOING TO GET STARTED WITH THE TASK NOW…>>Reporter: NOT RIGHT AWAY. FIRST A SKILLS TEST.>>THE TOWER OF DISCS THAT YOU SEE ON THE LEFT THAT YOU’RE GOING TO WANT TO MOVE THOSE ALL THE WAY TO THE RIGHT…>>Reporter: USING MY FINGERS ON THIS KEYPAD I HAVE TO MOVE THOSE COLOURED BLOCKS FROM LEFT TO RIGHT. ALL OF IT CAPTURED BY THIS $10 MILLION M.R.I. MACHINE.>>SO HE’S NEARLY GOT THE WHOLE STRATEGY FIGURED OUT. NOT IN AN OPTIMAL SENSE…>>Reporter: THESE IMAGES SHOW DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE BRAIN ACTIVATING. WHILE IT STRUGGLES TO LEARN THE TASK. THE SAME KIND OF BRAIN ACTIVITY OCCURS DURING SLEEP. AND TO FOGEL THAT’S A CRUCIAL DISCOVERY.>>WHAT WE SEE IS THAT WITH A PERIOD OF SLEEP THAT PEOPLE JUST ARRIVE AT THIS AH-HA MOMENT WHERE THEY’VE ARRIVED AT THE SOLUTION, THE OPTIMAL SOLUTION TO THE PUZZLE, THAT THEY COULDN’T NECESSARILY GET TO BEFORE THEY HAD SLEEP.>>THAT’S IT. YOU’RE ALL DONE.>>Reporter: ALL RIGHT. IT’S A MOTOR SKILL THING TOO. MY THIRD FINGER IS LIKE, COME ON, COME ON, WORK. DOES THAT MEAN THAT THE MORE SLEEP YOU GET THE BETTER YOUR MEMORY? WELL, TO A POINT. AND AS FOGEL HAS LEARNED UP TO A CERTAIN AGE. TO BETTER UNDERSTAND HOW MEMORY AND SLEEP CHANGE AS WE AGE WE RECRUITED 60-YEAR-OLD TOM PATTERSON. HE’S MY FELLOW LAB RAT IN THE SLEEP LAB TONIGHT WHILE FOGEL RUNS US THROUGH MORE TESTS.>>HI, TOM.>>Reporter: TOM IS WHAT SCIENTISTS DESCRIBE AS AN OPTIMAL AGING ADULT.>>THIS IS SOMEONE THAT IS REALLY HEALTHY AND SORT OF TICKS ALL THE BOXES FOR THE DIFFERENT MEASUREMENTS THAT WE USE. THEY’RE PHYSICALLY ACTIVE. THEY AREN’T ON ANY MEDICATIONS. THEY HAVE NO SLEEP COMPLAINTS.>>Reporter: TOM FITS THE BILL ON ALL FRONTS, AND MOST IMPORTANTLY, HE SHOWS NO EARLY WARNING SIGNS OF DEMENTIA. HOW MUCH ARE YOU HEARING OLDER PEOPLE SAY THAT THEY’RE WORRIED ABOUT PREMATURE DEMENTIA OR MEMORY LOSS?>>ALMOST EVERY STUDY.>>I THINK ABOUT IT NOW BECAUSE I’M 60 AND I THINK ABOUT THAT KIND OF THING. OH, JESUS, I WONDER IF MY MEMORY IS GETTING WORSE. WHY DID I GO TO THE GARAGE. AND YOU REMEMBER HALFWAY BACK TO THE HOUSE, THAT KIND OF THING.>>Reporter: FRIDGE MOMENTS. YOU OPEN UP THE FRIDGE, WHAT’S IN THERE. JUST STAND THERE. I DON’T KNOW WHAT I WAS LOOKING FOR. (*)>>THEY PICK UP THE ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY THAT IS JUST NATURALLY GOING ON IN YOUR BRAIN.>>Reporter: TIME TO GET WIRED UP. THESE ELECTRODES WILL DOCUMENT OUR BRAIN WAVES THROUGHOUT THE NIGHT.>>WHAT TIME DO YOU NORMALLY GO TO BED?>>Reporter: WE HAVE ALSO ENLISTED 23-YEAR-OLD DOCTORAL STUDENT NICK VANDERBERG, TO SHOW HOW DIFFERENTLY A YOUNG BRAIN DEALS WITH MEMORY AND SLEEP.>>YOU SEE THE GREEN CROSS THAT’S TO PRACTISE, 34214. 34214. AS QUICKLY AND ACCURATELY AS POSSIBLE.>>Reporter: TIME FOR ANOTHER MOTOR SKILLS TEST. AND IT AIN’T EASY. THIS IS HARD. THIS IS SO HARD.>>I’LL HAVE YOU HOLD ON TO THIS SIDE. PERFECT.>>Reporter: A FEW MORE WIRES TO HOOK UP BECAUSE I DIDN’T LOOK FRANKENSTEINY ENOUGH AND THEN FINALLY TIME FOR BED. IT SHOULD BE REALLY EASY TO SLEEP.>>DUNCAN, CAN YOU HEAR ME OKAY? SO YOU’RE GOING TO MAKE YOURSELF COMFORTABLE IN THE BED AND YOU’RE OFF TO SLEEP FOR THE SO YOU’RE GOING TO MAKE YOURSELF COMFORTABLE IN THE BED AND YOU’RE OFF TO SLEEP FOR THE NIGHT. GOODNIGHT. OKAY. THAT’S IT, EVERYBODY.>>GOOD MORNING. HOW DID YOU SLEEP?>>MMM…>>Reporter: BRIGHT AND EARLY WE GET ANOTHER GO AT FINGER TAPPING TO SEE IF WE LEARNED ANYTHING AS WE SLEPT.>>WHAT WAS IT LIKE TO DO IT THIS MORNING?>>IT SEEMED THAT IT WAS QUICKER INITIALLY.>>I TOTALLY FELT THAT I WAS FASTER THIS MORNING. I COULD FEEL IT THE FIRST COUPLE GOES AND IT FELT TO ME THAT IT WAS JUST BECAUSE IT WAS MORNING. BRAIN NOT WORKING.>>I CAN UNDERSTAND.>>Reporter: BEFORE WE FIND OUT IF WE WERE, IN FACT, ANY FASTER…>>ALL RIGHT, DUNCAN, SO WE’LL GO THROUGH THE RESULTS OF YOUR TESTS HERE WITH YOUR OVERNIGHT RECORDING.>>Reporter: STEWART FOGEL TAKES A MOMENT TO DECIPHER MY BRAIN WAVES. HE’S LOOKING FOR SOMETHING CALLED SLEEP SPINDLES. SPINDLES ARE EVIDENCE THAT OUR BRAIN IS SHIFTING TASKS THAT WE LEARN EVERY DAY FROM SHORT-TERM MEMORY TO LONG-TERM.>>WHAT WE CAN SEE HERE NOW THAT YOU’RE FULLY ASLEEP IS SOME NICE SLEEP SPINDLES AND BURSTS OF ACTIVITY. A VERY LARGE AMPLITUDE. LONG DURATION SLEEP SPINDLE THERE. AND THE OTHER ONES HERE AS WELL. SO YOUR BRAIN IS REALLY WORKING HARD THERE.>>Reporter: I’M SO HAPPY THAT I HAVE GOOD SLEEP SPINDLES. SO WHAT IS MY BRAIN DOING WHEN I HAVE A SLEEP SPINDLE?>>IN THE CASE YOU’RE PROBABLY REPROCESSING THAT INFORMATION AND REACTIVATING THOSE MEMORY TRACES AND INTEGRATING THEM INTO LONG-TERM MEMORY STORES.>>Reporter: OVERNIGHT MY SPINDLES WERE ON OVERDRIVE WHICH MEANS I WAS PROBABLY PRACTISING THE TEST WITHOUT BEING AWARE OF IT. HOW DID I COMPARE TO TOM AND NICK? TIME TO FIND OUT. WE’RE ABOUT TO SEE WHO WAS ACTUALLY BETTER AT THE MOTOR SKILLS/MEMORY TASK AFTER WE SLEPT.>>SO WHAT YOU SEE HERE IS WHAT WE WOULD HAVE PREDICTED.>>Reporter: ON THIS GRAPH A LOWER BAR MEANS A FASTER PERFORMANCE.>>NICK, WHO IS OUR YOUNGER SUBJECT, HAS THE BENEFIT FROM SLEEP. SO –>>Reporter: NICK HAS SPEED FINGERS.>>HE GOT A LOT FASTER HERE. THAT’S QUITE A GOOD IMPROVEMENT IN TERMS OF SPEED. AND BLUE IS THE TRAINING SESSION AND SO THAT WAS THE EVENING WHEN YOU WERE LISTENING THE FIRST TIME. AND THE RED BARS ARE THE RE-TEST SO THAT’S THE MORNING SESSION WHERE WE WANT TO SEE HOW WELL YOU DID AFTER A NIGHT OF SLEEP. WHAT WE SEE HERE IS VERY TYPICAL IN A YOUNGER SUBJECT LIKE NICK WHERE THEY START OFF AT A CERTAIN LEVEL THERE AND THEN THEY IMPROVE AFTER A NIGHT OF SLEEP. DUNCAN, WE SEE A SIMILAR SORT OF THING HERE. YOU’RE A LITTLE BIT SLOWER OVERALL BUT YOU DO STILL GET A BOOST FROM SLEEP.>>Reporter: THAT’S THE EUREKA MOMENT, A GOOD NIGHT’S SLEEP BOOSTS YOUR BRAIN POWER. SO THE BOOST IS REALLY WHAT YOU’RE HONING IN ON TO SHOW US HOW IMPORTANT THAT SLEEP IS.>>YEAH, THAT’S RIGHT.>>Reporter: BECAUSE IF WE’RE NOT GETTING THIS SLEEP, THEN — I MEAN THAT BOOST IS REAL.>>THAT BOOST ONLY HAPPENS WITH SLEEP.>>Reporter: BUT FOR TOM AS EXPECTED THERE WAS NO BOOST AT ALL.>>THAT AS WE GET OLDER WE DON’T DERIVE THE SAME BENEFIT FROM SLEEP. SO TOM DOESN’T HAVE THAT BOOST AFTER SLEEP, THAT IMPROVEMENT AT RE-TEST THAT SLEEP SEEMS TO AFFORD.>>IT’S SHOWING ME THAT I’M GETTING OLDER AND WHERE I’M MY AGE GROUP SHOULD BE. AND I’M NOT — IT’S NOT BAD — OR IT’S A CRITICAL MEMORY LOSS, IT’S JUST INDICATIVE OF MY AGE. (*)>>Reporter: OUR SLEEP PATTERNS UNDOUBTEDLY CHANGE AS WE AGE, BUT FOGEL HOPES THAT IF WE IMPROVE OUR SLEEP IT WILL HELP TO TREAT, MAYBE EVEN WARD OFF, DEMENTIA.>>THE MORAL OF THE STORY WOULD BE TO DO EVERYTHING TO MAKE SLEEP A PRIORITY. AND TO ELIMINATE THE THINGS THAT ARE GOING TO INTERFERE WITH SLEEP BECAUSE SLEEP DEFINITELY CAN STAND TO PROVIDE A BENEFIT AND PERHAPS EVEN STAVE OFF THINGS LIKE DEMENTIA. I WOULDN’T NECESSARILY CALL IT THE FOUNTAIN OF YOUTH BUT I THINK THAT THERE’S SOMETHING TO BE SAID ABOUT ITS ABILITY TO KEEP OUR BRAINS HEALTHY AS WE AGE.>>Adrienne: OKAY, DUNCAN, I’M GLAD THAT YOU DID WELL ON THE TEST. BUT I CONFESS THAT I’M A BIT MORE CURIOUS ABOUT TOM. BECAUSE, YOU KNOW, PRESUMABLY HE HAD A GOOD NIGHT’S SLEEP AND HE’S HEALTHY AND YET THERE WAS SORT OF A FLAT LINE ON THE MEMORY. WHAT ARE WE TO TAKE FROM THAT?>>Reporter: AND TOM IS THE BEST-CASE SCENARIO FOR AN AGING ADULT WHICH SHOWS THAT HIS LOW PERFORMANCE SHOWS HOW MUCH SLEEP IMPACTS MEMORY. IT SETS A BAR FOR PEOPLE IN TERMS OF WHEN THAT EARLY MEMORY LOSS STARTS WHICH WILL HELP SCIENTISTS HOPEFULLY TO PREDICT YOUNGER SUBJECTS WHEN THEY MIGHT BE AT RISK FOR SOMETHING SERIOUS LIKE DEMENTIA AND MAYBE SLEEP MIGHT BE THE WAY TO HELP TREAT IT.>>Adrienne: OKAY, TOMORROW WE’RE LOOKING AT SLEEP APNEA, RIGHT?>>Reporter: THAT’S WHEN YOU STOP ACTUALLY BREATHING IN THE MIDDLE OF YOUR SLEEP. THAT CAN HAPPEN A COUPLE TIMES A NIGHT OR HAPPEN HUNDREDS OF TIMES A NIGHT AND IT HAS SERIOUS HEALTH IMPACTS, OBVIOUSLY. AND MANY CANADIANS DON’T KNOW THEY HAVE IT. THAT CAN HAPPEN A COUPLE TIMES A NIGHT OR HAPPEN HUNDREDS OF TIMES A NIGHT AND IT HAS SERIOUS HEALTH IMPACTS, OBVIOUSLY. AND MANY CANADIANS DON’T KNOW THEY HAVE IT. SO WE FOLLOWED ANOTHER THREE PEOPLE THROUGH ANOTHER SLEEP TEST, BUT THIS ONE WAS AT HOME. THAT PRESENTS A FEW CHALLENGES AND WE’LL TAKE A PEEK AT THIS… (*)>>Reporter: SO OFF THEY GO TO GIVE IT A TRY. AT HOME IT’S TRICKY BUSINESS GETTING THE GIZMOS ALL SET UP. BUT EVERYONE FINALLY GETS THE HANG OF IT.>>NIGHT.>>Adrienne: OKAY, THESE ARE GOOD SPORTS LETTING YOU LURK IN THEIR HOMES ALL NIGHT LONG. LOOKING FORWARD TO THAT TOMORROW. WE’RE GOING TO LEARN SOMETHING.>>Reporter: I’M LOOKING FORWARD TO GOING HOME AND GETTING A BIT OF SLEEP TONIGHT. HOW THEIR HOMES ALL NIGHT LONG. LOOKING FORWARD TO THAT TOMORROW. WE’RE GOING TO LEARN SOMETHING.>>Reporter: I’M LOOKING FORWARD TO GOING HOME AND GETTING A BIT OF SLEEP TONIGHT. HOW ABOUT YOU?>>Adrienne: YES, PLEASE. SEE YOU LATER.>>Reporter: THANKS.>>Rosemary: I’M ANXIOUS ABOUT SLEEPING NOW.>>>STILL AHEAD OUR “MOMENT OF THE DAY.” THE SURPRISINGLY ROMANTIC STORY BEHIND THE BEST VIDEO ON THE INTERNET TODAY. BUT FIRST…>>>”IN CASE YOU MISSED IT,” CANADA IS UPPING ITS GAME IN A VERY SPECIFIC STRUGGLE AGAINST A CERTAIN SCANDINAVIAN CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY THAT COULDN’T JUST LEAVE WELL ENOUGH ALONE.>>THERE ARE THINGS THAT YOU JUST DON’T DO TO CANADIANS. YOU DON’T WATER DOWN OUR BEER. AND YOU DON’T TELL US THAT WE CAN’T PUT MAPLE SYRUP ON OUR PANCAKES. AND YOU DON’T MESS WITH MAC THE MOOSE OR YOU’RE GOING TO GET THE ANTLERS.>>Rosemary: THIS SHINY ANTELOPER IS WHAT THEY’RE SO FIRED UP WITH. IT’S STANDING 10.3 METRES TALL AND IT OFFICIALLY TOOK ON THE TITLE OF WORLD’S LARGEST MOOSE STATUE WHEN IT WAS ERECTED JUST OVER THREE YEARS AGO AND DETHRONING THE FAMOUS MAC THE MOOSE. BUT NOW CANADA IS GEARING UP TO WRESTLE BACK THE CROWN FROM THIS MOCKERY OF OUR MOOSEHOOD, THIS GIANT CHROME GAUNTLET SLAPPING THE FACE OF AN ENTIRE NATION. ALL THANKS TO A COUPLE PROUD SASKATCHEWAN BOYS AND THEIR SPIRITED GOFUNDME CAMPAIGN.>>DEAR PEOPLE OF MOOSE JAW, AN EGREGIOUS OFFENSE HAS BEEN COMMITTED AGAINST YOU BY THE PEOPLE OF NORWAY!>>PUT 31 CENTIMETRES BACK ON MAC AND STICK IT TO OSLO!>>Rosemary: AND FOR JUST HOW WE COULD TAKE BACK THAT TITLE, WELL, DIFFERENT PEOPLE HAVE DIFFERENT IDEAS.>>I’D SAY A HOCKEY STICK RESTING ON THE HORNS.>>I KIND OF LIKE THE IDEA OF PUTTING SKATES ON THE MOOSE.>>>A HAT ON TOP, I GUESS.>>>WE COULD JUST TAKE THAT ONE OUT AND DONATE IT SOMEWHERE AND JUST BUILD A NICE BRAND NEW ONE.>>Rosemary: WHOA, WHOA, WHOA! MAC THE MOOSE HAS STOOD FOR ALMOST 35 YEARS, LADY! BUILD A NEW ONE SHE SAYS! ANYWAY, WHAT DOES THE MAYOR THINK?>>I’M LEANING TOWARDS THE BIGGER RACK. I THINK THAT THE PRESENT RACK IS A NICE ONE BUT I THINK THAT A MORE PROPORTIONAL RACK WOULD BE THE SOLUTION. IN MY PERSONAL BELIEF.>>Rosemary: YOUR MOVE, (*)>>Ian: HERE’S SOME OF THE OTHER STORIES THAT WE’RE WATCHING TONIGHT…>>>MEMBERS OF THE VENEZUELAN NATIONAL GUARD HAVE BEEN ARRESTED FOR ALLEGEDLY PLOTTING AGAINST THE PRESIDENT. THE OFFICERS DEMANDING PRESIDENT NICOLÁS MADURO TO LEAVE POWER. AND APPARENTLY SEIZED WEAPONS FROM A NATIONAL GUARD COMMAND POST. IT TRIGGERED VIOLENT PROTESTS A FEW KILOMETRES FROM THE PRESIDENTIAL PALACE. LIVING CONDITIONS IN VENEZUELA ARE DETERIORATING WITH FREQUENT POWER OUTAGES, INFLATION, FOOD AND MEDICINE SHORTAGES. OPPOSITION LEADERS ARE CALLING FOR NATIONWIDE DEMONSTRATIONS ON WEDNESDAY.>>>NEAR CRIMEA AT LEAST 10 PEOPLE HAVE DIED AFTER TWO SHIPS UNDER THE TANZANIAN FLAG CAUGHT FIRE. SOME OF THE CREW WERE ABLE TO JUMP INTO THE WATER TO ESCAPE THE FLAMES. ABOUT A DOZEN CREW MEMBERS HAVE BEEN RESCUED WITH RECOVERY OPERATIONS STILL UNDERWAY FOR THE REMAINING CREW. IT’S BELIEVED THAT AN EXPLOSION OCCURRED ON ONE OF THE VESSELS AND THE FIRE SPREAD TO THE OTHER.>>>AND FOR THE SECOND TIME IN LESS THAN A WEEK A SUICIDE BOMBER HAS TARGETED U.S. TROOPS IN SYRIA. A CAR BOMB WENT OFF THIS MORNING NEAR A CHECKPOINT IN THE NORTH. NO AMERICANS WERE KILLED. BUT THERE ARE REPORTS OF CASUALTIES AMONG THE ALLIED KURDISH FORCES. THE ATTACK FOLLOWS ANOTHER LAST WEDNESDAY THAT KILLED FOUR AMERICANS, FIVE KURDS, AND SEVERAL MILITIAMEN. ISIS HAS CLAIMED RESPONSIBILITY.>>Rosemary: THE EFFORTS TO GET CHINA TO RELEASE TWO CANADIANS IS RAMPING UP EXACTLY FIVE WEEKS AFTER THEY WERE DETAINED IN WHAT HAS BECOME A HEATED DIPLOMATIC SHOWDOWN WITH NO CLEAR RESOLUTION. AND TODAY THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY SENT A MESSAGE DIRECTLY TO THE CHINESE PRESIDENT. THE STRATEGY HAS PUT OTTAWA IN BEIJING’S CROSSHAIRS. BUT AS KATIE SIMPSON EXPLAINS THE TRUDEAU GOVERNMENT SAYS THAT IT IS MAKING PROGRESS.>>[SPEAKING CHINESE]>>Reporter: CHINA IS URGING CANADA TO STOP THE INTERNATIONAL CAMPAIGN TO RALLY ITS ALLIES.>>[SPEAKING CHINESE]>>Reporter: A FOREIGN AFFAIRS SPOKESWOMAN SAYS THAT CANADA IS PUTTING ON AN EMPTY SHOW OF STRENGTH. IN OTTAWA IT’S SEEN AS A SIGN THAT THE CAMPAIGN MAY BE WORKING.>>The Hon. Ralph Goodale: MORE AND MORE COUNTRIES COMING FORWARD TO INDICATE THEY SHARE CANADA’S -MORE AND MORE COUNTRIES COMING FORWARD TO INDICATE THEY SHARE CANADA’S VIEW AND THEY’RE OFFERING — INDEED.>>Rosemary: BETWEEN THE PRIME MINISTER AND FOREIGN AFFAIRS MINISTER THERE HAVE BEEN 19 HIGH LEVEL DISCUSSIONS WITH WORLD LEADERS AND TOP OFFICIALS. LEVEL DISCUSSIONS WITH WORLD LEADERS AND TOP OFFICIALS. THOSE EFFORTS HAVE LED TO 11 PUBLIC STATEMENTS DENOUNCING CHINA’S ACTIONS. TODAY 140 FORMER DIPLOMATS AND ACADEMICS FROM AROUND THE WORLD ALSO WROTE AN OPEN LETTER CALLING FOR CHINA TO RELEASE THE TWO DETAINED CANADIANS.>>Prime Minister Justin Trudeau: WE’LL ALWAYS STAND UP FOR THE RULE OF LAW. AND WE’LL ALWAYS ENCOURAGE FRIENDS, ALLIES AND THOSE AROUND THE WORLD TO POINT OUT THAT CANADA STANDS UP FOR THE RULE OF LAW.>>Reporter: BUT ONE CONVERSATION THAT JUSTIN TRUDEAU HAS AVOIDED SO FAR IS A DIRECT CALL WITH CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING.>>IF THIS ISSUE IS GOING TO BE RESOLVED IT’S IMPERATIVE THAT THE PRIME MINISTER STEP UP TO THE PLATE.>>Reporter: SOURCES TELL CBC NEWS THAT IF THE TIMING IS WRONG ON A CALL TO XI THAT IT COULD LIMIT CANADA’S OPTIONS GOING FORWARD AND THAT IT MAY END UP INFLAMING TENSIONS FURTHER. BEIJING HAS DEMANDED THE RELEASE OF MENG WANZHOU, THE HUAWEI C.F.O. ARRESTED ON AN EXTRADITION REQUEST FROM THE U.S. AMERICAN AUTHORITIES HAVE NINE DAYS LEFT TO SUBMIT THE PAPERWORK TO FORMALLY MOVE THE PROCESS TO THE NEXT PHASE.>>I COULDN’T IMAGINE THE CIRCUMSTANCES THAT ONE COULD EXPLAIN NOT BEING ABLE TO PROVIDE THE MATERIALS WITHIN 60 DAYS, IN PARTICULAR ON SUCH A HIGH-PROFILE CASE.>>Reporter: THE EDITOR OF A CHINESE STATE-LINKED NEWSPAPER IS ENCOURAGING THE AMERICANS TO MISS THE DEADLINE, LET MENG GO, AND BLAME THE WHOLE THING ON THE U.S. GOVERNMENT SHUTDOWN. KATIE SIMPSON, CBC NEWS, OTTAWA.>>Adrienne: UP NEXT ON “THE NATIONAL”… OUR “MOMENT.” HIS FIANCÉE WANTED COFFEE BUT THE ROADS WERE SHEER ICE SO HE FOUND ANOTHER MORE CREATIVE WAY.>>AND I JUST LIKE TO SEE PEOPLE SMILE. YOU KNOW, IT’S CANADIAN. YOU GET OUT HERE AND YOU GROW UP ON THE ICE. YOU CAN SKATE UP AND DOWN THE STREET AND Why you even have
online review? Well, you’re not really
a modern business without them. There’s probably a whole bunch
of them out there for Kim’s. Here we go,
Kim’s Convenience. Wow, four stars! “Love this place
and that Mr Kim is a real…. cutie-pie. Cutie-pie? Oh no, hope you
don’t get jealous. Why?
They is crazy. Or ugly. Why do you
say it like that? Because everyone who writes
online is crazy or ugly. * >>They’re both gonna die!>>Most of them have already been exposed.>>We don’t know that you have it.>>Don’t want you feeling sorry for me.>>If you want me out, you’ll have to fire me.>>The issue here is safety not money. Isn’t it?>>Announcer: Unspeakable. New episode Wednesday on CBC. (*)>>Ian: BETWEEN THE EXTREME COLD WITH SNOW AND ICE HITTING MUCH OF EASTERN CANADA OVER THE LAST 24 HOURS IT’S HARD TO NOT LET WINTER GET THE BEST OF YOU. AND IT’S ONLY JANUARY. BUT THAT’S NOT HOW CORY HAMILTON SEES IT. HE DIDN’T LET A VERY FROZEN NEW BRUNSWICK STREET GET IN HIS WAY TODAY. ALL HE NEEDED WAS A PAIR OF SKATES. HOW HE MADE THE MOST OUT OF A NASTY STORM IS OUR “MOMENT.”>>EVERYTHING WAS ICE AND I AM LIKE I’M GETTING MY SKATES ON AND I WENT UP HERE TO THE HILL. I WENT UP TO THE TOP OF THESE TWO ROADS AND I DID A LITTLE SLALOM ACTION BACK AND FORTH JUST TESTING THE ICE. I DECIDED, YOU KNOW WHAT, I’M GOING TO TAKE IT ONE STEP FURTHER AND DO A LITTLE MORE CANADIAN THAN THAT. AND I’M GOING TO GO TO TIM HORTON’S.>>YEAH, CAN I GET A MEDIUM DOUBLE-DOUBLE HOT-HOT CHOCOLATE. THEY GOT A GOOD LAUGH AT TIM HORTON’S. HOW TIMES DO YOU SEE A GUY COME THROUGH WITH A PAIR OF POWER HOCKEY SKATES ON? AND TWO SMALL HOT CHOCOLATES AND ALL ON A TRAY PLEASE BECAUSE I’M ON SKATES. COFFEE, BABE! SHE WANTED A COFFEE AND I WOULD DO ANYTHING FOR HER. AND IF YOU CAN BEAT THAT AND GET MORE CANADIAN, I WOULD LIKE TO SEE IT.>>Rosemary: I WAS JUST THINKING I LOVE HOW THE ANCHOR WHERE IT’S 4° DID THIS MOMENT. [laughter] ANYWAY, CORY MADE A BET WITH HIS SON THAT HE COULD GO DOWN THE HILL WITHOUT FALLING AND IF HE DID THAT HIS SON HAD TO GIVE UP PLAYING “FORTNIGHT” FOR THE REST OF THE DAY. SO HE WON THAT BET.>>Adrienne: VERY UNHAPPY CHILD I’M SURE. BUT ALSO YOU HEARD CORY SAY THERE THAT IT’S THE MOST CANADIAN THING THAT IS EVER DONE. HE’S PRETTY PROUD OF HIMSELF NOW BECAUSE HE’S NOW CHALLENGED SIDNEY CROSBY TO A RACE FOR TIM’S. SO IF YOU’RE LISTENING, SID THE KID, THERE’S A CONTENDER WAITING FOR YOU.>>Ian: NOW TO LOOP BACK TO SOMETHING THAT ROSEMARY SAID A MOMENT AGO. YOU GUYS ARE REALLY GOOD ON SOCIAL MEDIA AND HAVE MANY MORE FOLLOWERS THAN I DO. I ALMOST TWEETED OUT A PICTURE TODAY ON MY WALK TO WORK ON PEOPLE A BLOCK AWAY FROM MY HOME PLAYING TENNIS OUTSIDE. GOOD IDEA THAT I DIDN’T TWEET THAT YOU THINK?>>Rosemary: I WAS THERE LAST WEEK AND I WAS CONSIDERING NOT LETTING YOU RETURN.>>Ian: IT WAS NICE BUT I CERTAINLY FEEL FOR THE PEOPLE BACK HOME IN NEW BRUNSWICK. WHAT A GREAT MOMENT WE HAD. THAT IS “THE NATIONAL” FOR JANUARY 21st. GOODNIGHT.>>Rosemary: GOODNIGHT.>>Adrienne: GOODNIGHT.

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