The National for January 21, 2018


(♪♪♪) (♪♪♪)>>Adrienne: IT’S SUNDAY, JANUARY 21st AND THIS IS “THE NATIONAL.”>>Rosemary: TONIGHT ON HOW ARE HIGH-RISK PEOPLE WITH SUICIDAL THOUGHTS GETTING THEIR HANDS ON GUNS LEGALLY? A “GO PUBLIC” INVESTIGATION.>>Adrienne: AND BUILDING A CASE AND CONNECTIONS. NEW DETAILS ON HOW POLICE TRACK THE SUSPECTS IN THE MURDERS OF TWO MEN WHO DISAPPEARED FROM TORONTO’S GAY VILLAGE.>>Rosemary: BUT WE BEGIN IN WASHINGTON WHERE THE PRESSURE IS ON FOR A LATE-NIGHT DEAL TO END THE GOVERNMENT SHUTDOWN.>>SO, MR. PRESIDENT, I’M WILLING TO SEAL THE DEAL, TO SIT AND WORK RIGHT NOW, WITH THE PRESIDENT OR ANYONE HE DESIGNATES. LET’S GET IT DONE.>>Rosemary: A FLURRY OF FINGER POINTING IN WASHINGTON AS OFFICIALS PLAY THE BLAME GAME ON DAY TWO NOW OF THE SHUTDOWN. LATE TONIGHT SOME HOPE THAT SENATORS FROM BOTH SIDES MEETING IN THE HOPES OF FINDING A COMPROMISE. ALL EYES ARE ON CAPITOL HILL WHERE THE SENATORS WILL BE VOTING IN JUST HOURS, A RARE SUNDAY NIGHT SITTING IN A BID TO END THE STALEMATE BUT AS ELLEN MAURO REPORTS, THE POLARIZING ISSUE OF IMMIGRATION STANDS IN THE WAY.>>DEMOCRATS WHO STAND IN OUR WAY WILL BE COMPLICIT IN EVERY MURDER COMMITTED BY ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS…>>Reporter: THIS AD JUST RELEASED SHOWS HOW HEATED SHUTDOWN POLITICS HAVE BEGUN.>>President Donald Trump: I AM DONALD TRUMP AND I APPROVE THIS MESSAGE.>>Reporter: WHAT BOTH SIDES AGREE ON? THE OTHER PARTY IS TO BLAME.>>AMERICANS KNOW WHY THE DISFURPKS IS OCCURRING. A DYSFUNCTIONAL PRESIDENT, HENCE, WE ARE IN A TRUMP SHUTDOWN.>>THIS SHUTDOWN WAS A POLITICAL MISCALCULATION OF GARGANTUAN PROPORTIONS.>>Reporter: DEMOCRATS DON’T WANT TO HAND OVER VOTES UNLESS THERE’S A GUARANTEE TO PROTECT THE DREAMERS, YOUNG PEOPLE BROUGHT TO THE U.S. ILLEGALLY AS CHILDREN. REPUBLICAN LEADERS ARE ACCUSING THE DEMOCRATS OF HOLDING THE GOVERNMENT HOSTAGE OVER ONE ISSUE.>>BIPARTISAN NEGOTIATIONS HAVE BEEN UNDERWAY FOR MONTHS. BUT THEY CAN GO NOWHERE UNTIL SENATE DEMOCRATS REALIZE THE EXTREME PATH THEIR LEADER HAS CHARTED LEADS THEM NOWHERE.>>Reporter: BUT TODAY SOME MOVEMENT, A BIPARTISAN GROUP OF MODERATE SENATORS WORKING FOR COMPROMISE BEHIND THE SCENES. THE CHALLENGE? PLEASING MORE EXTREME MEMBERS OF THEIR OWN PARTIES. THIS IS AFTER WEEKS OF FAILED MEETINGS TO AVOID THE SHUTDOWN IN THE FIRST PLACE. REPUBLICAN SENATOR LINDSEY GRAHAM BLAMED IN PART HARD RIGHT MEMBERS OF PRESIDENT TRUMP’S STAFF.>>I’VE TALKED WITH THE PRESIDENT, HIS HEART IS RIGHT ON THIS ISSUE, AND I THINK THAT HE’S GOT A GOOD UNDERSTANDING OF WHAT WILL SELL AND EVERY TIME THAT WE HAVE A PROPOSAL IT IS ONLY YANKED BACK BY STAFF MEMBERS.>>Reporter: PRESIDENT TRUMP HAS NOT BEEN SEEN PUBLICLY SINCE THE SHUTDOWN BEGAN, AND WHITE HOUSE OFFICIALS SAY THAT WHILE THE DEMOCRATS ARE HOLDING THE GOVERNMENT, QUOTE “HOSTAGE,” THE PRESIDENT WILL NOT NEGOTIATE ON THE STATUS OF SO-CALLED ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS, REFERRING TO THE DREAMERS, A GROUP THAT THE PRESIDENT HAS REPEATEDLY SAID IN THE PAST THAT HE WANTS TO HELP. ELLEN MAURO, CBC NEWS, WASHINGTON.>>Rosemary: THE FULL EFFECT OF THAT SHUTDOWN REALLY WON’T BE FELT UNTIL WORKERS DON’T SHOW UP ON MONDAY MORNING, TOMORROW MORNING. THE GO GOOD NEWS IS THAT IT DOESN’T AFFECT POLICING BUT THERE’S ESSENTIAL SERVICES THAT CAME TO A GRINDING HALT, AND DISAPPOINTING AND INCONVENIENCING MAINLY TOURISTS SO FAR THIS WEEKEND.>>IT WAS ONE OF THE HIGHLIGHTS OF OUR TOUR AND WE DEFINITELY WANTED TO SEE IT SO QUITE LET DOWN, ACTUALLY.>>Rosemary: VISITORS WERE NOT ALLOWED TO TOUR THE STATUE OF LIBERTY IN NEW YORK. IT WAS AMONG MANY OF THE FEDERAL MONUMENTS AND HISTORIC SITES THAT CLOSED AS OF MIDNIGHT FRIDAY.>>THERE’S NO BATHROOM. SO THAT DOES MAKE IT A LITTLE HARD. IT WOULD BE NICE IF THEY HAD THOSE OPEN BUT YOU UNDERSTAND THEY DON’T HAVE THE STAFF.>>Rosemary: WHILE MANY NATIONAL PARKS ARE OPEN MANY IMPORTANT SERVICES LIKE YOU HEARD THERE WON’T BE AVAILABLE, LIKE BATHROOMS AND INFORMATION CENTRE AND EVEN FIRST AID CENTRES. SO VISITORS ARE WARNED THAT YOU HIKE THROUGH THOSE PARKS AT YOUR OWN RISK. BUT IT’S NOT EXPECTED TO HAVE AN IMPACT ON CANADIAN. AND DON’T WORRY ABOUT BORDERS AND BORDER PATROL AGENTS AND AIRPORT SCREENERS AND AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLERS ARE ALL ESSENTIAL AND THEY’LL CONTINUE TO WORK. IF YOU EXPECT AN ONLINE ORDER FROM STATES THE U.S. POSTAL SERVICE IS STILL PROCESSING LETTERS AND PACKAGES. SOMEONE WHO KNOWS THE WHITE HOUSE VERY WELL IS CONSERVATIVE COMMENTATOR AND FORMER GEORGE W. BUSH SPEECH WRITER DAVID FRUM. WE SAT DOWN EARLIER TODAY TO TALK ABOUT WHAT THE SHUTDOWN MEANS POLITICALLY AND WHY BOTH SIDES MAY BE BENEFITING.>>THE SHUTDOWN WAS A DELIBERATE TRAP THAT REPUBLICANS SET FOR DEMOCRATS THAT THE GOAL OF THE SHUTDOWN WAS TO CHANGE THE SUBJECT. THE DEMOCRATS AND REPUBLICANS DISAGREE ABOUT TWO IMPORTANT THINGS. ONE IS THE CHILDREN’S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAM. AND THE OTHER IS A FORM OF AMNESTY FOR A CERTAIN GROUP OF PEOPLE –>>Rosemary: DACA.>>WHO ENTERED THE UNITED STATES AS CHILDREN AND ARE IN THE UNITED STATES PRESENTLY. AND THEY WANTED TO TALK ABOUT HEALTH INSURANCE AND THE STRATEGY OF TRUMP AND THE REPUBLICANS IS TO TALK ABOUT ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION AND THAT STRATEGY SUCCEEDED.>>Rosemary: MORE FROM DAVID FRUM COMING UP AND WE’LL TALK ABOUT THE IMPACT OF TRUMP’S FIRST YEAR IN OFFICE AND WHAT HE THINKS THAT AMERICANS CAN DO ABOUT IT. THAT’S IN ABOUT 20 MINUTES, ADRIENNE.>>Adrienne: LOOKING FORWARD TO IT.>>>FAMILIES OF TWO MENTALLY ILL MEN KILLED BY GUNS ARE “GOING PUBLIC” AND THEY SAY THAT THE SYSTEM FAILED THEIR LOVED ONES.>>HE SHOULDN’T HAVE GOTTEN THAT GUN, THERE WERE ISSUES. BUT SOMEBODY STILL ALLOWED HIM TO HAVE A GUN AND NOBODY CALLED ME.>>Adrienne: SO WHY AND HOW ARE HIGH-RISK PEOPLE WITH MENTAL ILLNESS GETTING THEIR HANDS ON GUNS LEGALLY? ROSA MARCHITELLI HAS THIS “GO PUBLIC” INVESTIGATION.>>Reporter: ADRIENNE CLAVIE KILLED HIMSELF TWO YEARS AGO WITH A HANDGUN THAT HE WAS LEGALLY ALLOWED TO OWN. HE HAD A LONG HISTORY OF MENTAL HEALTH ISSUES AND WAS ON HEAVY MEDICATION THAT COULD HAVE INCREASED HIS RISK OF SUICIDAL THOUGHTS. HE DISCLOSED ALL OF THAT ON HIS GUN LICENCE APPLICATION, YET NO ONE FOLLOWED UP WITH HIS DOCTOR TO SEE IF HE SHOULD HAVE A GUN. IN MOST PROVINCES IT’S NOT REQUIRED AS PART OF THE SCREENING PROCESS.>>I THINK THAT IT’S UNCONSCIONABLE THAT THERE HAS TO BE SOME RESPECT FOR THE FACT THAT MENTAL HEALTH PROVIDERS THERE.>>Reporter: CLAVIER’S FAMILY WANTS ANSWERS HOW SOMEONE WITH A LONG DOCUMENTED MENTAL ILLNESS COULD HAVE A READY ACCESS TO GUNS.>>WE’RE VERY SMUG ABOUT BEING CANADIAN AND THE GUN CONTROL THAT WE HAVE, BUT IT’S STILL COMPLETELY IGNORANT OF THE FACT THAT THERE ARE SOME PEOPLE WHO JUST SHOULDN’T HAVE HANDGUNS.>>SO IT WAS RIGHT ABOUT HERE THAT CORY WAS SHOT.>>Reporter: NADINE LEWIS IS STILL ASKING QUESTIONS ABOUT HOW HER HUSBAND WAS ABLE TO GET FIVE FIREARMS DESPITE HIS HISTORY OF MENTAL ILLNESS AND VIOLENCE. CORY LEWIS WAS FATALLY SHOT BY POLICE OUTSIDE HIS HOME AFTER OFFICERS RESPONDED TO A DOMESTIC DISPUTE CALL AND FOUND HIM IN A BEDROOM HOLDING A RIFLE. A NOTE WAS FOUND SAYING THAT IT WAS LEWIS’ INTENT TO DIE BY WHAT IS KNOWN AS “SUICIDE BY COP.”>>THEY FOUND DISTURBING STUFF, FOR EXAMPLE, WHEN YOUR HUSBAND APPLIED FOR THESE GUN LICENSES HE SELF-DISCLOSED THAT, YES, TO THE FACT THAT HE HAD THREATENED OR ATTEMPTED SUICIDE. THIS IS SHOCKING STUFF.>>IT’S FRUSTRATING STUFF.>>AND HE STILL GOT THE GUN LICENCE.>>HE STILL GOT THE GUN.>>Reporter: FAMILIES ASK WHY THE LIBERAL GOVERNMENT HAS FAILED TO DELIVER ON GUN CONTROL LEGISLATION THAT IT PROMISED DURING THE 2015 ELECTION. WE ASKED THE GOVERNMENT IF THOSE CHANGES INCLUDE MANDATORY MEDICAL CHECKS WITH PEOPLE WITH MENTAL ILLNESS BUT DIDN’T GET AN ANSWER. LIMITING ACCESS TO GUNS THEY SAY WILL REDUCE THE NUMBER OF SUICIDES AND RIGHT NOW MORE THAN 260 PEOPLE KILL THEMSELVES EVERY YEAR USING A FIREARM.>>RESEARCH SHOWS US THAT CONTRARY TO COMMON BELIEF WHEN ACCESS IS RESTRICTED PEOPLE DON’T GO AND CHOOSE A DIFFERENT MEANS.>>Reporter: NOT EVERYONE WANTS TIGHTER RULES. GUN ADVOCATES SAY IT WOULD ONLY DISCRIMINATE AGAINST GUN OWNERS. ROSA MARCHITELLI, CBC NEWS, CALGARY.>>Adrienne: HOW DO YOU GET A GUN IN CANADA? THERE’S A SAFETY COURSE THAT YOU HAVE TO PASS AND THEN YOU HAVE TO APPLY FOR THAT LICENCE FROM THE RCMP. WE TOOK A LOOK AT THE LATEST NUMBERS FROM 2016, MORE THAN 400,000 LICENSES WERE ISSUED THAT YEAR. THE NUMBER OF REJECTED APPLICATIONS? 771. 139 OF THOSE WERE REJECTED FOR MENTAL HEALTH DEREFENS. REMEMBER, IF YOU WANT TO “GO PUBLIC” YOU CAN ALWAYS EMAIL THE TEAM, [email protected]>>>NOW YOU’RE LOOKING AT IMAGES OF AN ATTACK ON AN AFGHANISTAN HOTEL, ONE OF THE DEADLIEST FOR FOREIGN CIVILIANS SINCE THE TALIBAN WAS OVERTHROWN IN 2001. AT LEAST 18 PEOPLE ARE DEAD, 14 OF THEM FOREIGNERS. THIS FOR SOME WAS THE LAST CHANCE TO ESCAPE THAT HOTEL SIEGE THAT. MAN IN THE BROWN WAS SO CLOSE TO GETTING OUT AFTER 14 HOURS OF BEING HUNTED AND HELD HOSTAGE BY GUNMEN AND ONLY TO THEN FALL. LATER IN HOSPITAL THE SAME MAN IT SEEMS THAT HE AT LEAST IS OKAY.>>[speaking foreign language]>>Adrienne: STORIES FROM SURVIVORS SUGGEST THAT THE AFGHAN TALIBAN MILITANTS BEHIND THE ATTACK WERE LOOKING FOR AMERICANS AND AMERICANS WERE CLEARLY WORRIED. TWO DAYS BEFORE THE ASSAULT THE U.S. EMBASSY HAD SENT OUT A NOTICE WARNING OF POSSIBLE HOTEL ATTACKS. SECURITY DIDN’T SEEM TO CHANGE MUCH THOUGH. WITNESSES SAY THAT THE GUARDS HAD LEFT.>>[speaking foreign language]>>Adrienne: SURVIVORS MAINTAIN THAT THE GUNMEN, IN ARMY UNIFORMS, FIRST WENT TO THE HOTEL DINING ROOM AND ATE AND THEN STARTED SHOOTING, KILLING HALF A DOZEN UKRAINIAN FLIGHT CREW MEMBERS AND FLIGHT ATTENDANTS AND PILOTS THAT WERE ALL WORKING FOR AN AFGHAN AIRLINE. FOR THE PEOPLE OF AFGHANISTAN THIS ATTACK IS A DARK DÉJÂ-VU, 6 61/2 YEARS AGO THERE WAS A SAME ATTACK AT THE SAME HOTEL, THAT IS NOT PART OF THE INTERCONTINENTAL CHAIN. AS FOR THE EERIE SIMILARITIES, THE DEADLY 2011 ATTACK WAS ALSO CARRIED OUT BY THE TALIBAN AND IT TOO WAS AN HOURS LONG SIEGE THAT HAD PEOPLE ESCAPING FROM HOTEL WINDOWS. BY THE END ALL OF THE ATTACKERS WERE KILLED. SADLY TODAY’S ATTACK IS ALSO PART OF AN ALARMING JUMP IN MILITANT VIOLENCE IN KABUL. IN THE PAST MONTH ALONE IN FOUR SEPARATE ATTACKS AT LEAST 88 PEOPLE HAVE BEEN KILLED AND MORE THAN 90 PEOPLE INJURED.>>Rosemary: MEANWHILE TURKEY INTENSIFIED ITS ATTACK IN SYRIA, SENDING GROUP TROOPS ACROSS THE BORDER. AND THAT HAS ONLY COMPLICATED THE ALREADY COMPLEX SITUATION IN SYRIA. IT HAS ALSO PUT TURKEY ALLIANCE WITH THE U.S. UNDER A RIGOROUS STRESS TEST. TURKEY CONSIDERS THE MILITIA CALLED Y.P.G. A TERRORIST GROUP, BUT THE Y.P.G. PLAYED A KEY PART IN THE AMERICAN-BACKED FIGHT AGAINST ISIS. TURKEY CALLS IT “OPERATION OLIVE BRANCH,” AND THE TARGETS IN AFRIN, SYRIA BEGAN YESTERDAY AND THE KURDS RESPONDED TODAY BY SHELLING TURKISH BORDER AREAS. AT LEAST TWO KURDISH ROCKETS HIT KILIS. AND FOUR MORE ROCKETS WERE FIRED AT ANOTHER BORDER TOWN, REYHANLI. NIL KÖKSAL HAS MORE ON WHAT THIS MEANS FOR THE REGION.>>Reporter: DESTINATION, SYRIA, AND A NEW WAR WITHIN A WAR. THE FIGHTER JETS AND TANKS ARE TURKISH. BUT THE BULK OF THE GROUND FIGHT WILL BE FOUGHT BY THESE SOLDIERS, THE FREE SYRIAN ARMY, A GROUP SUPPORTED AND TRAINED BY TURKEY. TURKEY AND THE FREE SYRIAN ARMY WORK WELL TOGETHER BECAUSE THEY’RE BOTH ANTI-ASSAD AND ANTI-Y.P.G. IT’S ALIGNED WITH THE P.K.K., A GROUP OF KURDISH MILITANTS LOCKED IN A DEADLY BATTLE WITH TURKEY FOR INDEPENDENCE FOR MORE THAN THREE DECADES. AND THAT HELPS ANSWER WHY NOW WHEN THE SYRIAN WAR SEEMED TO BE IN ITS FINAL STAGES. TURKEY IS THREATENED BY THE Y.P.G.’S NEWFOUND POWER AND WORRIES THAT ITS MEMBERS ARE DETERMINED TO CREATE THEIR OWN STATE.>>[speaking foreign LANGUAGE].>>Reporter: TURKEY INSISTS PEACE IS WHAT IT’S AFTER, IT’S HOPING THAT THE MISSION’S NAME “OPERATION OLIVE BRANCH” MIGHT SOMEHOW CONVINCE PEOPLE OF THAT. BUT THE PRESIDENT’S SPEECH TODAY WAS FULL OF BATTLE CRIES.>>[speaking foreign LANGUAGE].>>Reporter: KNOW THIS, ERDOGAN SAID THIS IS A NATIONAL STRUGGLE. WE’LL CRUSH ANYONE WHO STANDS AGAINST US.>>THIS IS A MAJOR GAMBLE. WILL HE BECOME DEEPLY INVOLVED IN SYRIA? HOW FAR WILL HE GO INSIDE SYRIA? WILL ERDOGAN SACRIFICE HIS STRATEGIC RELATIONSHIP WITH THE UNITED STATES?>>Reporter: THE U.S. AND TURKEY ARE NATO ALLIES AT A CRITICAL JUNCTURE. WASHINGTON LIKES THE Y.P.G. BECAUSE IT HELPS IN THE FIGHT AGAINST ISIS SO THE U.S. IS ARMING THE MILITIA. THAT TO ANKARA IS A DANGEROUS BETRAYAL. BOTH THE Y.P.G. AND TURKEY ACCUSE THE OTHER OF STOKING INSTABILITY AND VIOLENCE. BOTH SEE POWERFUL OPPORTUNITIES IN A DIVIDED SYRIA. CLEARLY THERE’S PLENTY TO WORRY ABOUT AFTER ISIS. NIL KÖKSAL, CBC NEWS, ISTANBUL.>>Adrienne: EVER SINCE 66-YEAR-OLD BRUCE McARTHUR WAS CHARGED ON THURSDAY WITH THE MURDERS OF TWO MISSING MEN, QUESTIONS HAVE SWIRLED ABOUT WHAT TORONTO POLICE KNEW AND WHEN. IT NOW APPEARS THAT McARTHUR MAY HAVE BEEN A SUSPECT FOR MONTHS.>>POLICE SHOWED UP ON OCTOBER 3rd AND THERE WERE CANVASSING SIMILAR BUSINESSES TO MYSELF AND TRYING TO FIND A PARTICULAR VEHICLE.>>Adrienne: IT’S BELIEVED THAT BRUCE McARTHUR OWNED THAT VEHICLE THAT MAN WAS TALKING ABOUT. LORENDA REDDEKOPP SPENT TIME TODAY WITH THE OWNER OF THAT AUTO SHOP.>>WE HAVE A COPY OF THE REGISTRATION THAT WE RECEIVED FROM MR. McARTHUR AND ON THE BACK, THE POLICE TOOK THE ORIGINAL ONE.>>Reporter: DOMINIC OWNS THIS AUTO RECYCLING PLANT EAST OF TORONTO AND HE SAYS THAT BRUCE McARTHUR CAME TO SELL A VAN IN DECEMBER. IT WAS A JUNGER. HE TOOK $125 FOR IT. BUT HE STILL HAS ALL OF THE PAPERWORK.>>THE MILEAGE WAS 243,000 AND IT WAS AN OLD DODGE CARAVAN AND MAROON IN COLOUR.>>Reporter: A FEW WEEKS LATER POLICE CAME LOOKING FOR IT AND PORED OVER THE SECURITY FOOTAGE. AND INVESTIGATORS TOOK THE RUSTY VAN AND THEY EVEN SWABBED STAFF FOR D.N.A.>>THEY HAD FOUND SOME BLOOD INSIDE THE VAN, NOT LARGE AMOUNTS BUT SMALL TRACES AND THEY WANTED TO DISCOUNT WHO MIGHT HAVE BEEN IN CONTACT WITH THE VAN THROUGH THAT PERIOD.>>Reporter: THE MURDERS ARE STILL A HUGE TOPIC OF DISCUSSION IN TORONTO’S GAY VILLAGE. TODAY WE SPOKE TO TWO MEN WHO WERE CLOSE TO SELIM ESEN. ONE DATED HIM WEEKS BEFORE HE DISAPPEARED.>>TWO WEEKS AFTER THE FACT YOU SEE HIM ON, YOU KNOW, YOU SEE HIS PICTURE AND YOU’RE LIKE HOLY SHOOT, YOU KNOW, IT HIT ME HARD.>>HE GREW UP IN TURKEY AND HE WAS KURDISH, A BEAUTIFUL WRITER. WENT TO SCHOOL AND WAS A REALLY BRILLIANT GUY AND ALL OF A SUDDEN HE WAS GONE.>>Reporter: THOUGH IT’S NOW KNOWN THAT POLICE WERE INVESTIGATING McARTHUR FOR MONTHS THERE’S STILL ANGER IN COMMUNITY THAT THE DISAPPEARANCES DIDN’T GET MORE ATTENTION.>>MARGINALIZED GROUPS OFTEN JUST DON’T HAVE A GOOD REPORE WITH STREET POLICE.>>Reporter: THIS SOCIOLOGISTS SAYS THAT OTHER GROUPS ARE OFTEN TREATED DIFFERENTLY.>>IF A STRING OF WHITE WOMEN IN DIFFERENT MIDDLE-CLASS AND UPPER MIDDLE-CLASS NEIGHBORHOODS WENT MISSING WHAT RESPONSE WOULD WE SEE FROM POLICE, FROM THE NEWS MEDIA, FROM THE GOVERNMENT?>>Reporter: TODAY POLICE COMBED THROUGH ANOTHER PROPERTY CONNECTED TO McARTHUR AND REMOVED A BAG FROM THE SCENE. THEY’RE STILL SAYING LITTLE, EXCEPT THAT THEY BELIEVE THAT THERE MAY BE MORE VICTIMS. LORENDA REDDEKOPP, CBC NEWS, TORONTO.>>Adrienne: AHEAD TONIGHT ON “THE NATIONAL”… WE’LL TAKE TO YOU LOS ANGELES WHERE THE “ME TOO” MOVEMENT IS FRONT AND CENTRE AT TONIGHT’S SCREEN ACTORS GUILD AWARDS.>>Rosemary: AND HAS DONALD TRUMP DONE IRREVERSIBLE TO THE U.S. GOVERNMENT? I’LL GET INTO THAT WITH DAVID FRUM.>>Adrienne: A RECORD NUMBER OF WOMEN ARE RUNNING FOR OFFICE.>>IT’S LIKE A STORM FESTERING IN YOUR GUT AND YOU FEEL IT AND IT HITS AND IT COMES OUT, I’M RUNNING FOR CONGRESS. IT’S CRAZY ♪ ♪ Sorensen: The cradle of
Canadian aviation looks pretty much
as it did in 1909, when the Silver Dart
flew over Baddeck Bay, the first heavier than air
flight in the British Empire. The small group who made it
happen included the inventive, Alexander
Graham Bell, and a daring pilot
named J.A.D. McCurdy. McCurdy: I made this little
flight, about 60 feet high, three quarters of
a mile across the bay. Sorensen: As McCurdy flew,
Alexander Graham Bell watched. Then he said, “Oh my, boy,
this may have made history.” Sorensen:
An exact replica of the Silver Dart
ninety-five-years later. It’s
incredible. Sorensen:
Jane Shapley, McCurdy’s niece
and a pilot herself, says her uncle knew he was part
of something special. Remember he was a protégé
of Alexander Graham Bell. So he – I’m sure he
picked up — understood the big picture
from the very beginning. And understood that this
was a breakthrough. Sorensen: That first flight
was the liftoff for Canada’s own
aviation industry. An expansive, undeveloped
country needed air travel. And so began the era
of the bush pilots who opened up
Canada’s north. The Second World War
accelerated aviation
technology. Canada developed a fledging
airline industry. And by the 1950s this country
was on the cutting edge with such aircraft
as the CF-100. We had a huge
pool of engineering talent
in this country. And a truly
“Can-Do” attitude. The Canada of the 1950s
and the aeronautical world didn’t take a back seat
to anybody at all. In the history of
aviation in Canada there is one development –
one achievement that falls in
the category of “what might have been,”
– the Avro Arrow. Canada was on
the verge of being a global power
in fighter aircraft, but the Arrow
was expensive and it was scrapped by Prime
Minister Diefenbaker in 1959. You realize how ineffective
it would have been. Sorensen: Still, Canada’s
aviation industry has never
looked back. Bombardier is a global giant
in regional aircraft, CAE is number one
in flight simulators, Canada’s first astronaut,
Marc Garneau, was the first
non-American flight engineer
on a Space Shuttle, and the Canadarm is a orbiting
billboard for Canada’s aerospace
technology. Today a multi-billion
dollar industry that owes a small debt
to a few dreamers in Baddeck, Nova Scotia,
nearly a century ago. Eric Sorensen,
CBC News, Ottawa. PA Announcer:
There she goes! Reporter: After a two hour wait,
the rains finally subsided and the replica flyer
trundled down its runway, tantalizingly close
to taking off before splashing into
a mud puddle. ♪ ♪ ♪ [ CBC News theme ] Forgive me for putting on
these sunglasses, but they’re actually bifocals
and there the only glasses I have with me. I don’t like
to see people wearing sunglasses
in interviews. This is the only
poem I can read I am the only
one who can write it I didn’t kill myself
when things went wrong I didn’t turn to drugs
or teaching I tried to sleep but when
I couldn’t sleep I learned to write I learned to write what might be read on nights like this by one like me Laurie Brown:
Through his work, Leonard Cohen has cultivated
a public persona just as interesting
as his writing. Writing that deserves
and has a new anthology. While Cohen prefers
talking about the present
and the future, this book has him
looking to his past. My early stuff was written
between the ages of 15 and 20. I think it’s been
downhill ever since. I had a real
gift then. Brown: In 1956, while still
an undergraduate at Montréal’s McGill University,
he won a national prize for his first
book of poetry. His second won him
international acclaim. Cohen: His blood on my arm
is as warm a bird. His heart in my hand
is as heavy as lead. His eyes through my eyes
shine brighter than love. Oh, send out the raven,
ahead of the dove. Brown: Cohen quickly cultivated
the reputation of a chronically depressed poet
who was both hip and hypnotic. He dubbed himself
the “Grocer of Pain.” And while the “Grocer of Pain”
is still at his post, since 1967 he’s been putting
his words to music. ♪ Ah we’re drinking
and we’re dancing ♪ ♪ The band is
really happening ♪ ♪ The Johnny Walker
wisdom runnin’ high ♪ ♪ And my very
sweet companion ♪ ♪ She’s the angel
of compassion ♪ ♪ She’s running half the world
against her thigh ♪ ♪ ♪ Brown: At the beginning of his
musical career friends begged him not to sing. Cohen’s voice is reminiscent
of a truck trying to turn over on
a cold Montréal morning. Not pleasant,
but a familiar sound. And that sound was honoured
at the Junos earlier this year with the best male
vocalist award. You know it’s only in a country
like this that I could get the male vocalist
of the year. [audience laughs and cheers] Brown: Last week,
Cohen received a Governor General’s
Performing Arts Award. While he’s bona fide star
around the world, musical acceptance
here in North America is something
new for Cohen. This is
my work Writing is
my work. ♪ ♪ US ABOUT WHAT YOU’RE TALKING ABOUT THERE?>>THE SHUTDOWN WAS A DELIBERATE TRAP THAT THE REPUBLICANS SET FOR DEMOCRATS THAT THE GOAL OF THE SHUTDOWN WAS TO CHANGE THE SUBJECT. DEMOCRATS AND REPUBLICANS DISAGREE ABOUT TWO IMPORTANT THINGS. ONE IS THE CHILDREN’S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAM. AND THE OTHER IS A FORM OF AMNESTY FOR A CERTAIN GROUP OF PEOPLE –>>Rosemary: DACA.>>WHO ENTERED THE UNITED STATES AS CHILDREN AND ARE PRESENT ILLEGALLY. AND THE HEALTH PROGRAM IS EXTREMELY POPULAR AND THE QUESTION ABOUT THE FUTURE OF THIS POPULATION OF PEOPLE PRESENT ILLEGAL IN THE UNITED STATES, NOT SO POPULAR. THE DEMOCRATS WANTED TO TALK ABOUT THE HEALTH INSURANCE. THE STRATEGY OF TRUMP AND THE REPUBLICANS WAS TO LURE THEM INSTEAD TO TALK ABOUT ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION AND THAT STRATEGY SUCCEEDED. THIS IS ESPECIALLY IMPORTANT WHEN YOU REMEMBER THAT 2018 IS GOING TO BE AN ELECTION YEAR IN WHICH THE REPUBLICANS UNDER A LOT OF PRESSURE. AND THIS IS GOING TO BE A POWERFUL ISSUE TO USE AGAINST DEMOCRATS. AND THAT WAS WHAT TRUMP AND THE REPUBLICANS WANTED TO HAPPEN AND THAT’S WHAT DID HAPPEN.>>Rosemary: THE FACT THAT HE SEEMS VERY HANDS OFF IN ALL OF THIS, WHAT SHOULD WE UNDERSTAND FROM THAT?>>FOR EVERYTHING THAT IS THE PROPER JOB OF THE PRESIDENT, ALL OF THE THINGS THAT A PRESIDENT IS SUPPOSED TO BE DOING, TRUMP IS A VERY HANDS OFF PRESIDENT, NOT VERY HARD WORKING. BUT THOSE THINGS THAT THE PRESIDENT SHOULD NOT BE DOING THIS PRESIDENT IS VERY ACTIVE. HE’S VERY ACTIVE ON WORKING ON HIS STRATEGY TO GAIN LEGAL IMPUNITY AND VERY ACTIVE MANAGING HIS BUSINESS AS PRESIDENT, AND VERY ACTIVE IN THE COMMUNICATIONS STRATEGY. THERE’S A VIEW THAT SOME TRUMP CRITICS CLING TO HOPEFULLY THAT DONALD TRUMP IS SUCH A DO YOU DT HE’LL JUST COLLAPSE OF HIS OWN WEIGHT AND THAT’S MISTAKEN AND HE’S A MUCH SHREWDER AND WILIER PERSON THAN HE’S GIVEN CREDIT FOR.>>Rosemary: YOU SHOWED HOW HE USED THE POLITICAL SYSTEM TO HIS ADVANTAGE, LIKE WHAT?>>WELL, BULLIES HAVE AN INSTINCTIVE SENSE OF OTHER PEOPLE’S WEAKNESSES AND TED CRUZ AND MARCO RUBIO AND HILLARY CLINTON, HE FOUND THE WEAK POINT, THE POINT THAT YOU COULD PUT PRESSURE AND SEPARATE THEM FROM THEIR POTENTIAL SUPPORTERS AND HE’S DONE THE SAME THING TO THE AMERICAN SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT. HE’S FOUND ITS WEAK POINT AND HE’S EXPLOITED THEM.>>Rosemary: IS THAT IRREPARABLE DAMAGE?>>SOME OF THE DAMAGE THAT DONALD TRUMP IS DOING CAN BE REPAIRED BUT A LOT CANNOT BE AND EVEN SOME OF THE DAMAGE THAT CAN BE REPAIRED WILL BE SLOW. FOR EXAMPLE, WHAT DONALD TRUMP IS DOING TO AMERICA’S ALLIANCE SYSTEM, IT WAS GOING — WHOEVER BECAME PRESIDENT IN 2017 WAS GOING TO HAVE A VERY TOUGH TIME MANAGING KEEPING THE UNITED STATES AND SOUTH KOREA ON THE SAME PAGE WITH NORTH KOREA BECOMING NUCLEAR AND CHINA GETTING RICHER AND RICHER AND MAINTAINING THAT RELATIONSHIP WAS GOING TO BE HARD. AND IT’S HARDER IF YOU CANCEL THE NAFTA AGREEMENT AND START A PREEMPTIVE WAR AND TAKE CASUALTIES IN SOUTH KOREA SO WE DON’T SUFFER THEM IN THE UNITED STATES. AND HE’S DRIVING THEM TOWARDS SOUTH KOREA AND AWAY FROM THE UNITED STATES, BY BEING CAVALIER ABOUT RUSSIA AND ABOUT MAINTAINING SECURITY IN EUROPE. LOOK, CANADA, HOW DO YOU MESS UP U.S.-CANADA RELATIONSHIP? AND YET I CAN’T REMEMBER WHEN CANADIANS WERE MORE APPREHENSIVE ABOUT THE LEADERSHIP FROM THE UNITED STATES THAN THEY ARE TODAY. THAT WILL BE HARD TO REPAIR. AND THE DAMAGE TO INSTITUTIONS WILL BE HARD TO REPAIR TOO. HE’S COMPROMISING THE INTEGRITY OF THE JUSTICE DEPARTMENT AND THE F.B.I. THE MOST DIFFICULT THING TO REPAIR IS TRUMP IS JUST BURNING DOWN EVERY ONE OF THE ETHICAL STANDARDS AROUND THE PRESIDENCY THAT’S BEEN ERECTED IN THE PAST HALF CENTURY. RIGHT NOW DONALD TRUMP IS RECEIVING UNKNOWN MILLIONS OF DOLLARS IN PAYMENTS FROM ALL AROUND THE WORLD, FROM BUSINESS PARTNERS IN THE PHILIPPINES AND IN TURKEY AND THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES AND OTHER PLACES. NOBODY KNOWS HOW MUCH, AND NOBODY KNOWS WHAT HE’S DOING IN RETURN. AND ALL OF THIS IS LEGAL BECAUSE NO ONE — IT NEVER OCCURRED TO ANYONE TO BAN IT BECAUSE WHO WOULD DO IT?>>Rosemary: YEAH. YOU TALKED ABOUT THE INSTITUTIONS THAT HE IS WEAKENING, THREATENING. ONE OF THEM THAT ♪ [theme] ♪ [ Richard Strauss’
Also Sprach Zarathustra ] Reporter: This is the way
it was supposed to be. It’s comical now,
looking back at the Rube Goldberg device that was to be the roof
of the Olympic stadium, but back in the early 1970s, people thought, why not? ♪ ♪ The entire project was a
futuristic dream, a building that would
still be in vogue when there was a helicopter
in every driveway. Ice and snow? Trifles. Haven’t they just landed
a man on the moon? ♪ [music ends] The whole thing was the brain
child of Montreal’s mayor, Jean Drapeau, the national hero who
brought us Expo 67. Who could doubt his
visionary brilliance? Now, Drapeau is widely
portrayed here as a megalomaniac who led
Montreal over a cliff. Au revoir. Reporter: But he is also
ferociously defended. Hotline show host,
Gilles Proulx. I think Drapeau was
ahead of his time, at the head of, I would
say, a farmer’s city. What he wanted was to give
a rich taste to Montreal. To say in 1000 years that
stadium will be there, just like the pyramids
in Egypt, or the Eiffel Tower. And you’re going to be
glad to say in 1976, a mayor decided to
go against everybody to give you that heritage, and it’s one of the most
beautiful stadium in the world. Reporter: To design his stadium, Drapeau didn’t want
just any architect. He chose Roger Taillibert
of Paris, whose previous stadiums
were not just buildings, they were,
according to Drapeau, “poems in concrete”. When they started
building it though, the extremely
complicated design, combined with an orgy of greed
from Quebec’s unions and business leaders, drove the cost in
to the stratosphere. The budget went
from 150 million, to 800 million dollars by the time the 1976
Olympic Games were held. And even at that,
the stadium was unfinished. No tower, and no roof. In the 1980s, they decided
to go ahead with the tower. But it burst in to flames even
before it was completed. In 1986, a piece of the tower
fell in to the playing field during an Expos game. The team said they would have
to play more heads up baseball from then on. [machine whirring] In 1987, they sewed up
a heap of orange Kevlar, and strung it up over the
stadium. By this time, the cost had
risen to 900 million dollars. But Roger Taillibert dropped
in to tell Montrealers that money was not
an important consideration. It’s not my problem. My problem is the concept. Reporter: But it turned
out that the concept was also a problem. A hydraulic failure
while moving the roof, caused a terrible rip
in the Kevlar fabric. The first of many. Later it seemed to rip whenever
a thunderstorm happened by. The rain leaked in,
the money poured out. [man speaking French] Reporter: In 1997, the PQ
government announced a final solution. We have so many problems
with it, that I think that the time for experimentation
is finished. Reporter: A brand new roof. This one, made of Teflon. ♪ [theme] ♪ ♪ Duncan McCue: The world wars. Korea. Vietnam. Wars far removed from
Canada’s first peoples. White man’s battles,
some said, on battlefields
in foreign lands. But the wars reached in to
Indian, Inuit and Métis homes across the country. Aboriginal men and women
volunteered in the thousands. Many sacrificed their Indian
status to do so. Many sacrificed their lives. Over 6,000 Aboriginal people
joined the armed forces during World War II. For many, the threat of Nazism
expanding to this country seemed very, very real. But even while
they were fighting fascism on the front lines, Aboriginal soldiers were
fighting racism at home. Harry and Theresa both
grew up in the Prairies. Both in Métis settlements on
the fringes of white society. The Métis knew about battles. Their enemies were poverty,
tuberculosis, and indifference. We’d get up at 6:00
in the morning, go to bed at whenever the sun goes down just to make a living —
just to put food on the table. There was no money involved. There was nothing. No, there was nothing
there for us. I come home crying once
and I told my mother and she says what’s
the matter with you? You know? And I says well they beat me up
outside, they’re after me. And she says what for? I says well they call me dirty,
stinking Indian. And he says go on away,
you know. You tell them kids
over there that your great grandfather
was pure white. ♪ ♪ Duncan: While Canada ignored
Aboriginal calls for help, the Aboriginal people
answered Canada’s. Some were thirsty
for adventure. Some felt a duty
to defend the Queen who had signed their treaties. Others wanted three
square meals a day. Theresa: Our whole
community enlisted. All the guys were gone. There was not very many
young people left. The older guys went too.
I mean the married people went. Our community was devastated. Harry: My father says well, he says you’re a man.
You’re a soldier. You’re fighting
for your country. That’s the words that he said. And he dug in his pocket, pulled out 52 cents,
put it on the table and says now go and get
a bottle of Catawba wine. [laughs] Duncan:
For 18 year old Harry, who’s father Joseph
was a World War I vet, the war brought the first
taste of alcohol and the first taste
of equality. Harry: It was the first time in
my life I had any clothes that I could talk about. So, and they give me boots and they give me soap
and they give me a towel, and all them things that help us every day. Duncan: Theresa’s brother
George Dion enlisted immediately. When Theresa signed up,
18 years old, she didn’t want anyone
to know she was Métis. Theresa: If you told anybody
you were Métis, that you weren’t accepted
in to their circle, and we always strived
to be accepted. Of course. Duncan: Theresa served
in the women’s corps posted in Alberta. Harry went overseas,
spent two years in England. ♪ ♪

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