The National for Friday April 7, 2017


>>Wendy: GOOD EVENING, I’M WENDY MESLEY. THIS IS “THE NATIONAL.” THE U.S. ATTACK ON SYRIA ESCALATES GLOBAL TENSIONS. WE WILL SEE WHAT HAS REALLY CHANGED FOR WORLD LEADERS, FOR THE SYRIAN PEOPLE AND WHAT LIES AHEAD.>>YOU ARE NOTNG TO BE ABLE TO BOMB YOUR WAY TO PEACE IN SYRIA.>>>THE MEANING OF VIMY. NEW TECHNOLOGY TAKES YOU TO THE TRENCHES AND TORN UP LAND. CANADA GETS READY TO MARK 100 YEARS SINCE THE BATTLE. [♪♪♪]>>>THE U.S. MISSILE FIRED INTO THE DEAD OF A SYRIAN NIGHT WERE INTENDED TO STRIKE A NARROW TARGET. BUT IN THE COLD LIGHT OF TODAY, THE REVERBERATIONS INTENDED, OR NOT, ARE BEING FELT ACROSS THE WORLD. TONIGHT, WE WILL SHOW YOU WHAT THAT LOOKS LIKE. FROM THE ATTACKS GROUND ZERO TO THE WIDEST GLOBAL FOCUS.>>THE MISSILE HIT THE SHAYRAT AIRFIELD NEAR HOMS. RETALIATION FOR THE REGIME’S APPARENT CHEMICAL ATTACK. ARE THERE IMPLICATIONS FOR THE FIGHT AGAINST ISIS TURKEY HAS ONE VIEW AND IRAN ANOTHER. THE U.S. ATTACKS’ CIRCLE OF IMPACT IS WIDER. A MESSAGE PERHAPS TO CHINA OR NEIGHBOURHOOD HOT SPOT NORTH KOREA. AND THEN THERE ARE THE MAIN PLAYERS. ALL EYESEYES WILL BE WATCHING T TWO LEADERS NOW IN SUDDEN CONFRONTATION.>>>OUR COVERAGE STARTS TONIGHT WITH KEITH BOAG IN WASHINGTON. KEITH?>>Reporter: WENDY, FOR MANY LONG YEARS, THE UNITED STATES HAS STAYED OUT OF THE BLOODY CIVIL WAR IN SYRIA AND FOR ALL OF THAT TIME, DONALD TRUMP HAS BEEN PUBLICLY FINE WITH IT. NO LONGER. THE U.S. SAID ALL BUT ONE OF 59 SEA LAUNCHED TOMAHAWK CRUISE MISSILES HIT THE TARGETS. THE TARGET WAS THE SYRIAN AIR BASE. BELIEVED RESPONSIBLE FOR MONDAY’S CHEMICAL WEAPONS ATTACK. THE U.S. SAID ABOUT 20 PLANES WERE DESTROYED. SYRIANS WATCHING FROM THE U.S. WERE ECSTATIC.>>Interview: I AM REALLY, REALLY ENCOURAGED BY THE REACTION THIS TIME BY THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION.>>Interview: WE ARE GLAD THAT UNITED STATES FINALLY MAKES A MOVE FOR HUMANITY AND TO HELP SYRIAN PEOPLE AGAINST THIS DICTATOR. FOR SIX YEARS, KILLING SYRIAN PEOPLE AND CIVILIANS.>>Reporter: ON CAPITOL HILL THERE WAS SUPPORT ACROSS PARTY LINES. MANY THOUGHT THE PRESIDENT SHOULD WORK WITH CONGRESS ON WHAT HAPPENS NEXT.>>MAKING SURE ASSAD KNOWS WHEN HE COMMITS SUCH DESPICABLE ATROCITIES, HE WILL PAY A PRICE IS THE RIGHT THING TO DO.>>THIS IS THE RESPONSE REQUIRED FOR THE COMMISSION OF WAR CRIMES. I WANT TO EMPHASIZE, THIS IS THE BEGINNING, NOT THE END. THE SIGNAL SENT AROUND THE WORLD IS VERY IMPORTANT.>>Reporter: IT WAS NOT THE FIRST TIME THAT SYRIA’S PRESIDENT ASSAD HAS USED CHEMICAL WEAPONS AGAINST CIVILIANS. AND THERE HAVE BEEN HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF MEN, WOMEN AND CHILDREN KILLED SINCE THE CIVIL WAR BEGAN IN 2011. BUT THE TV IMAGES THIS WEEK HAD A PROFOUND AFFECT ON DONALD TRUMP AS HE SAID IN A NEWS CONFERENCE WEDNESDAY.>>President Donald Trump: THEY CROSSED AT LOT OF LINES FOR ME. WHEN YOU KILL INNOCENT CHILDREN, INNOCENT BABIES, BABIES, LITTLE BABIES WITH A CHEMICAL GAS THAT IS SO LETHAL PEOPLE WERE SHOCKED TO HEAR WHAT GAS IT WAS, THAT CROSSES MANY, MANY LINES, BEYOND THE RED LINE. MANY, MANY LINES.>>Reporter: THAT LED SOME TO WORRY ABOUT THE PRESIDENT’S DECISION MAKING.>>Interview: I THINK HE WAS RIGHTLY INFLUENCED BY THE IMAGES. THE PROBLEM WITH BEING INFLUENCED BY EMOTIONS IS THAT THEY ARE ALWAYS THE LOGICAL CONSEQUENCES THAT COME.>>Reporter: THE IMPORTANT QUESTION IS WHAT HAPPENS NEXT. AT THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL, THE U.S. AMBASSADOR NIKKI HALEY DROPPED THIS HINT.>>THE UNITED STATES TOOK A VERY MEASURED STEP LAST NIGHT. WE ARE PREPARED TO DO MORE. WE HOPE THAT WILL NOT BE NECESSARY.>>Reporter: TRUMP SUPPORTERS AND CRITICS SEEM TO AGREE WHILE TRUMP SECURITY TEAM HANDLED THIS WELL AND THE MISSILE STRIKE WAS MOMENTARILY USEFUL…>>THERE IS NO MILITARY SOLUTION. YOU WILL NOT BE ABLE TO BOMB YOUR WAY TO PEACE IN SYRIA.>>Reporter: OF COURSE, WENDY, THERE IS THE QUESTION OF RUSSIA AND WHAT THIS WILL MEAN FOR U.S., RUSSIA RELATIONS. THERE ARE REPORTS THAT THE PENTAGON IS INVESTIGATING WHETHER RUSSIA WAS ACTIVELY INVOLVED IN THE CHEMICAL ATTACK OR WHETHER THAT AT LEAST TRIED TO COVER IT UP.>>Wendy: KEITH, DO WE HAVE AN IDEA WHAT IS GOING TO HAPPEN NEXT?>>Reporter: YES AND NO. WE DON’T KNOW WHETHER THE TRUMP WHITE HOUSE HAS A PLAN FOR WHAT THE NEXT MOVE WILL BE. IT HAS ALWAYS BEEN WIDELY EXPECTED IF THERE IS A POLITICAL SOLUTION FOR SYRIA, THAT PROCESS HAS TO INCLUDE RUSSIA. WE DO KNOW THAT THE SECRETARY OF STATE REX TILLERSON PLANS TO BE IN MOSCOW NEXT WEEK TO MEET WITH VLADIMIR PUTIN.>>Wendy: THANK YOU. KEITH BOAG IN WASHINGTON TONIGHT.>>>TODAY’S REACTION FROM WASHINGTON LAWMAKERS IS ONE THING, BUT FOR DONALD TRUMP AS WITH ANY U.S. PRESIDENT, PUBLIC OPINION PLAYS A CRUCIAL ROLE AS WELL. HOW MIGHT THE MISSILE LAUNCH BE SEEN ON MAIN STREET U.S.? LYNDSAY DUNCOMBE JOINS ME WITH MORE ON THIS ANGLE. WHAT IS THE REACTION SO FAR?>>Reporter: THE IMMEDIATE AFFECT IS THAT NO ONE IS TALKING ABOUT ALL OF THE CHAOS THAT DOMINATED THE FIRST COUPLE OF MONTHS OF DONALD TRUMP’S PRESIDENCY. AND MOST SIGNIFICANTLY, THE DYNAMIC HAS CHANGED WITH RESPECT TO RUSSIA. AT LEAST FOR NOW. THE SITUATION IN SYRIA IS OVER SHADOWING ANY INVESTIGATION INTO POSSIBLE CONNECTIONS BETWEEN THE TRUMP CAMPAIGN AND RUSSIA DURING THE ELECTION. NORMALLY, TRADITIONALLY, IN A SITUATION WITH A MILITARY STRIKE SUCH AS THIS ONE, A U.S. PRESIDENT WOULD RECEIVE A BUMP IN HIS OR HER APPROVAL RATINGS AT THIS STAGE. BUT IT IS A DIFFERENT SITUATION WITH DONALD TRUMP BECAUSE HE CAMPAIGNED PROMISING THAT AMERICA WOULD NOT BE THE WORLD’S POLICEMAN. ALREADY TONIGHT, WENDY, WE ARE SEEING ANGER FROM DONALD TRUMP SUPPORTERS ABOUT THE STRIKES IN SYRIA ON-LINE.>>Wendy: ANOTHER NOTE, ALL OF THIS HAPPENED WHILE TRUMP WAS HOSTING CHINA’S PRESIDENT XI. A KEY ISSUE WAS HOW TO HANDLE NORTH KOREA. HOW DID THAT PLAY OUT?>>Reporter: IT ALMOST HELPS DONALD TRUMP IN HIS MISSION TO PUT PRESSURE ON PRESIDENT XI TO INTERVENE. INSTEAD OF HAVING TO TELL THE CHINESE PRESIDENT THAT THE U.S. WAS PREPARED TO GO IT ALONE IN THAT, WHAT HAPPENED HERE IS THAT THE WHOLE SUMMIT WAS HAPPENING WITH A BACKDROP OF A REAL-TIME MILITARY EXERCISE. THE OFFICIAL WORD FROM THE SECRETARY OF STATE REX TILLERSON TODAY IS THAT BOTH COUNTRIES AGREED TO WORK TOGETHER TO RESOLVE THE SITUATION IN NORTH KOREA PEACEFULLY, WENDY.>>Wendy: THANK YOU. LYNDSAY DUNCOMBE IN FLORIDA TONIGHT.>>>AND AS KEITH SAID EARLIER, DONALD TRUMP’S DECISION TO ATTACK SYRIA IS AN ABOUT-FACE FROM WHAT HE SAID IN THE PAST. YOU CAN LOOK NO FURTHER THAN TWITTER TO SEE THAT. IN 2013 AND ’14, TRUMP FIRED UP 17 TWEETS ON THE SUBJECT. MOST OF THEM DIRECTED AT PRESIDENT OBAMA. AMONG HIS THOUGHTS, SYRIA IS NOT OUR PROBLEM. STAY OUT OF SYRIA. DO NOT ATTACK SYRIA. FIX THE U.S. >>>NOT SURPRISINGLY THE RUSSIANS ARE EXTREMELY UPSET WITH THE MISSILE ATTACK. THEY WENT TO GREAT LENGTHS TO SUPPORT AND PROTECT THEIR ALLY, SYRIA. ENDURING FIERCE CRITICISM FROM THE WEST FOR DEFENDING THE ASSAD REGIME AND ITS ABUSES. THE SITUATION IS BEYOND RHETORIC. THE U.S. AND RUSSIA, BOTH OPERATE CONSIDERABLE MILITARY FORCES IN THE REGION. AND AS RENEE FILIPPONE TELLS US, THERE ARE FEARS THAT TENSIONS COULD LEAD TO A DEADLY MISTAKE.>>Reporter: A VIDEO BROADCAST ON RUSSIAN STATE TV THIS MORNING, PROVIDING A CLOSE LOOK AT THE AFTERMATH ON THE SYRIAN AIR BASE. THE RUSSIANS WORKING HARD TO SEEM LIKE MAYBE THE STRIKE WAS NOT THAT EFFECTIVE. PROMISING TO HELP STRENGTHEN SYRIAN FORCES. THE FOREIGN MINISTER CALLING IT AN ACT OF AGGRESSION. EVEN GOING AS FAR AS COMPARING IT TO THE 2003 INVASION OF IRAQ.>>Interview: IT IS AN AGGRESSIVE ACT AGAINST INTERNATIONAL LAWS, AGAINST A SOVEREIGN COUNTRY. WITHOUT ANY TRUE EVIDENCE OF THE ASSAD REGIME BEING GUILTY OF USING CHEMICAL WEAPONS.>>Reporter: DESPITE GETTING A LAST-MINUTE WARN, PRESIDENT VLADIMIR PUTIN DID NOT EXPECT THE STRIKE.>>Interview: THERE IS ANOTHER DISAPPOINTMENT THERE. IT IS A PERSONAL THING AS WELL CONSIDERING PUTIN HAS BEEN SO IN A WAY TRYING TO GLORIFY TRUMP AND SHOW HIM AS THE NEXT GREAT LEADER OF THE UNITED STATES, A GREAT PARTNER FOR THE FUTURE.>>Reporter: SYRIA’S IS RUSSIA ONLY FOOTHOLD IN THE MIDDLE EAST. THINGS FROM HERE COULD BE ENTERING A DANGEROUS STAGE. UNTIL NOW, THE U.S. AND RUSSIA WERE LAUNCHING AIR STRIKES AGAINST ISIS OVER SYRIA. AND THEY HAVE A CLEAR AGREEMENT ABOUT SHARING INFORMATION. THERE WERE NO COLLISIONS. RUSSIA IS PULLING OUT OF THE AGREEMENT AND THAT IS INCREASING THE RISK OF A DEADLY INCIDENT. A KREMLIN SPOKESPERSON SAID THIS ATTACK WILL ONLY “DESTROY FURTHER RUSSIA AND AMERICAN RELATIONS.” AND THAT IT WILL EMBOLDEN TERRORISTS IN THE REGION.>>THIS IS A VERY OFFENSIVE ACTION TOWARD PUTIN. IT IS DAMAGING TO HIS REPUTATION. HE WILL SAY, OKAY, WE WILL BACK ASSAD, NO MATTER WHAT. EVEN THOUGH I DO NOT HAVE TO. BECAUSE THE AMERICANS WANT ASSAD OUT.>>Reporter: ANALYSTS SAID WASHINGTON AND MOSCOW ARE NOT ON THE BRINK OF WAR. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE TWO, HOWEVER, HAS CHANGED DRASTICALLY IN THE LAST 24 HOURS.>>Wendy: AS WE HEARD EARLIER, THE UNITED STATES AMBASSADOR TO THE U.N. HINTED TODAY AT POSSIBLE FUTURE ACTION AGAINST ASSAD. NIKKI HALEY TOOK AIM AT RUSSIA AND ITS FAILURE TO PREVENT TUESDAY’S GAS ATTACK IN THE FIRST PLACE.>>IT COULD BE THAT RUSSIA IS KNOWINGLY ALLOWING CHEMICAL WEAPONS TO REMAIN IN SYRIA. IT COULD BE THAT RUSSIA HAD BEEN INCOMPETENT IN ITS EFFORTS TO REMOVE THE CHEMICAL WEAPONS. OR IT COULD BE THAT THE ASSAD REGIME IS PLAYING THE RUSSIANS FOR FOOLS.>>Wendy: IN 2013, SYRIA AGREED TO DESTROY ALL ITS STOCKPILES OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS. IN AN AGREEMENT BROKERED BY THE U.S. AND RUSSIA. IT IS NOW WIDELY BELIEVED THAT THAT PACT HAS BEEN BROKEN.>>>THE PRIME MINISTER MADE HIS POSITION CLEAR ON THE U.S. STRIKES AS WELL TODAY. HE SAID HE STANDS FIRMLY BEHIND THE ACTION. ALTHOUGH, HE WAS NOTICEABLY PRECISE IN HOW HE ARTICULATED THAT SUPPORT. AND TRUDEAU DID NOT EXACTLY RACE TO LINE UP BEHIND TRUMP EITHER. KATIE SIMPSON HAS THAT.>>Reporter: THE PRIME MINISTER STEPPED CAUTIOUSLY, WAITING MORE THAN 12 HOURS AFTER THE AIR STRIKES TO DELIVER HIS CAREFULLY WORDED SUPPORT OF THE U.S. MILITARY ACTION.>>Prime Minister Justin Trudeau: IN THE FACE OF SUCH HEINOUS WAR CRIMES, ALL CIVILIZED PEOPLES MUST SPEAK WITH ONE VOICE. THAT IS WHY CANADA FULLY SUPPORTS THE UNITED STATES LIMITED FOCUS ACTION TO DEGRADE THE ASSAD’S REGIME ABILITY TO LAUNCH SUCH ATTACKS.>>Reporter: HE SHARE THE SENTMENTS WITH PRESIDENT TRUMP PERSONALLY ON A PHONE CALL THIS MORNING AND CONFIRMED CANADA WAS GIVEN A HEADS UP ABOUT AN HOUR BEFORE THE LAUNCH.>>Prime Minister Justin Trudeau: LAST NIGHT THE SECRETARY OF DEFENCE BRIEFED CANADA’S MINISTER OF DEFENCE IN ADVANCE OF THE AMERICAN MILITARY STRIKE IN SYRIA. THE MINISTER OF DEFENCE THEN IMMEDIATELY BRIEFED ME.>>Reporter: THIS IS THE FIRST TIME TRUDEAU HAS BLAMED THE ASSAD REGIME FOR THIS WEEK’S CHEMICAL ATTACKS. YESTERDAY IN NEW YORK CITY, HE WOULD ONLY CALL FOR FURTHER INVESTIGATION.>>Prime Minister Justin Trudeau: THERE ARE OF COURSE STILL QUESTIONS TO BE ANSWERED.>>Reporter: TONIGHT, TRUDEAU CHANGED HIS TUNE.>>Prime Minister Justin Trudeau: A TRUSTED AND RELIABLE ALLY IN THE UNITED STATES INFORMED US THAT THE ASSAD REGIME WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR THESE CHEMICAL ATTACKS.>>A NEW ADMINISTRATION IN WASHINGTON HAS DECIDED TO TAKE A TARGETED AND LIMITED STRIKE AND THE CONSERVATIVE PARTY SUPPORTS THE APPROACH.>>Reporter: THE TORIES ARE SUPPORTIVE, THE N.D.P. IS NOT READY TO TAKE A POSITION.>>WE DO NOT KNOW THE EXTENT TO WHICH THIS IS LIMITED AND PRECISE. WE DON’T KNOW WHAT THE LONG-TERM PLAN IS.>>Reporter: CANADA’S LONG-TERM MILITARY PLAN IS NOT CHANGING FOR NOW. TRUDEAU SAID SPECIAL FORCES IN NORTHERN IRAQ WILL CONTINUE THE TRAINING MISSION IN THE FIGHT AGAINST ISIS.>>FOR NOW THE SITUATION IN IRAQ DOES NOT FUNDAMENTALLY CHANGE BECAUSE OF THE U.S. STRIKES ON SYRIA.>>Reporter: THERE ARE WARNINGS, WESTERN SOLDIERS IN THE REGION, INCLUDING CANADIANS, SHOULD BE IN A HEIGHTENED STATE OF ALERT.>>Interview: THERE IS A CONCERN FOR ANY KIND OF ESCALATION, WHETHER IT IS RETALIATION BY SYRIAN, RUSSIAN, IRANIAN FORCES AGAINST THE U.S. THAT DOES NOT APPEAR TO BE THE CASE RIGHT NOW. IT HAS TO BE A CONCERN.>>Reporter: TRUDEAU SUPPORTS THE MILITARY ACTION. HE CALLED FOR DIPLOMATIC SOLUTIONS FOR THE ONGOING CRISIS IN SYRIA.>>Wendy: AND IN ADDITION TO PRESIDENT TRUMP, TRUDEAU ALSO SPOKE TO GERMAN CHANCELLOR ANGELA MERKEL. WHILE MERKEL DID NOT OFFER A RINGING ENDORSEMENT OF THE STRIKES, BOTH LEADERS DID AGREE THAT THESE SHOCKING CHEMICAL ATTACKS CANNOT BE PERMITTED TO CONTINUE WITH IMPUGNITY. GERMANY’S FOREIGN MINISTER WAS CAREFUL IN HIS LANGUAGE. HE CALLED THE ACTION UNDERSTANDABLE. BUT EMPHASIZED THE NEED FOR DIPLOMACY, SAYING IT IS NOW JUST AS DECISIVE TO MAKE A COMBINED EFFORT FOR PEACE UNDER THE ROOF OF THE U.N. >>>IN FRANCE TODAY, PETER MANSBRIDGE SPOKE TO A CANADIAN WELL VERSED IN MILITARY TACTICS. HE ASKED RETIRED GENERAL RICK HILLIER WHAT THE MILITARY STRIKE IS.>>THEY ARE NOT STANDING ALONG. THE SYRIANS WHO HAVE BEEN FIGHTING THE ASSAD REGIME AND THE TERROR GROUPS THERE WITHIN HAVE FELT THAT WAY SOMETIMES.>>Wendy: HILLIER IS THE FORMER DEFENCE CHIEF STAFF OF THE CANADIAN FORCES.>>>HOW ARE SYRIANS FEELING TODAY? OUR MIDDLE EAST CORRESPONDENT DEREK STOFFEL GAUGES THE REACTION.>>Reporter: THERE IS A NEW SENSE OF HOPE FOR MANY SYRIANS WHO HAVE SUFFERED UNDER SIX YEARS OF BRUTAL WAR. TODAY, IN THIS CAMP, IN NORTHERN SYRIA, THOSE WHO FLED THEIR HOMES, MANY WELCOMED THE NEWS THAT THE UNITED STATES FINALLY TOOK MILITARY ACTION AGAIN THE REGIME OF BASHAR al-ASSAD. THESE STRIKES SHOULD HAVE HAPPENED A LONG TIME AGO, HE SAID. THIS MAN SAID THE UNITED STATES NEEDS TO HIT ASSAD’S FORCES EVEN HARDER. FOR SYRIANS WHO HAVE COMPLAINED THAT THE WORLD HAS SIMPLY IGNORED THEM, AS AT LEAST 400,000 PEOPLE HAVE BEEN KILLED IN THIS CONFLICT, THERE IS OPTIMISM TODAY.>>Interview: A STARTING POINT.>>Reporter: THE ACTIVIST WANTS THE UNITED STATES TO NOW DO MORE TO ESTABLISH NO-FLY ZONES ACROSS SYRIA. THAT WOULD KEEP ASSAD’S PLANES GROUNDED.>>Interview: A NO-FLY ZONE WOULD ENSURE THAT THE MAJOR WEAPON THAT THE ASSAD HAS USED AGAINST THE PEOPLE OF SYRIA IS NOT AVAILABLE AND THAT IS AERIAL SHELLING.>>Reporter: ASSAD HAS SUPPORTERS. SOME CAME OUT FOR FRIDAY PRAYERS IN THE CAPITAL OF DAMASCUS. EVEN IF THE AMERICANS HIT US HERE, WE WILL NOT LEAVE, HE SAID. WE WILL STAND BY OUR LEADER. THE U.S. STRIKES CAUSED EXTENSIVE DAMAGE TO THE SHAYRAT AIR BASE WHERE THE AMERICAN OFFICIALS SAID TUESDAY’S CHEMICAL ATTACK WAS LAUNCHED. BUT THE RUNWAY WAS LEFT LARGELY INTACT. THE MILITARY ANALYSTS SAID THE AMERICAN STRIKES WILL DETER ASSAD FROM USING CHEMICAL WEAPONS. THE REGIME LOST AIR BASES IN THE PAST AND ASSAD MANAGED TO LAUNCH HIS WAR PLANES. IN FACT MORE AIR STRIKES WERE REPORTED TODAY IN THE SAME TOWN WHERE THE CHEMICAL ATTACK TOOK PLACE EARLIER THIS WEEK. DEREK STOFFEL, CBC NEWS, JERUSALEM.>>Wendy: WHILE THIS WEEK’S CHEMICAL ATTACK IN SYRIA WAS ONE OF THE DEADLIEST. IT WAS NOT THE FIRST OF THIS KIND. FOUR YEARS AGO, NEAR ALEPPO, THERE WAS A SECOND SARIN GAS ROCKET ATTACK.>>Interview: IT IS EXTREMELY SERIOUS. THIS IS A WAR CRIME.>>Reporter: FIVE MONTHS LATER, HUNDREDS WERE KILLED NEAR DAMASCUS. THEY TOO DISPLAYED SYMPTOMS CONSISTENT WITH THOSE OF A NERVE AGENT.>>>NO COUNTRY HAS FELT THE IMPACT OF THE SYRIAN CONFLICT QUITE LIKE TURKEY. SINCE 2011, IT HAS TAKEN IN 3 MILLION REFUGEES. STRAINING RESOURCES AND FUELLING DESIRE FOR ASSAD’S OVERTHROW. WE LOOK AT TURKISH REACTION TO THE U.S. AIR STRIKE.>>Reporter: IT IS WHAT TURKEY’S LEADERSHIP WANTED ALL ALONG. HERE IN HATA, TURKEY’S PRESIDENT SAID THE U.S. SHOULDN’T STOP AT ONE NIGHT OF AIR STRIKES. IS IT ENOUGH? I DON’T THINK IT IS ENOUGH ERDOGAN SAID AT A POLITICAL RALLY TODAY. WHAT WOULD BE ENOUGH? THEY WANT ASSAD GONE. IT IS NECESSARY TO OUST THIS REGIME AS SOON AS POSSIBLE, TURKEY’S FOREIGN MINISTER SAID. A TRANSITION GOVERNMENT NEEDS TO BE ESTABLISHED. LIKE DOZENS OF OTHER SYRIANS, THE LOVED ONES ARE TREATED HERE IN TURKEY. POISONED IN THIS WEEK’S CHEMICAL ATTACK. HE DOES NOT BELIEVE THE U.S. WANTS TO HELP HIS COUNTRY. IT IS A CRIMINAL REGIME HE SAID ABOUT THE SYRIAN GOVERNMENT AND EVERYONE SUPPORTING IT IS A CRIMINAL ALSO. AMERICA IS ALL… THE TURKISH PROTESTERS BROUGHT SYMBOLS OF THE DEAD TO THE DOOR STEMS OF THE EMBASSY OF IRAN AND RUSSIA. CALLING THE COUNTRY A “COLLECTIVE TYRANNY FOR THEIR SUPPORT OF THE ASSAD GOVERNMENT.”>>>IT IS NOT EASY TO FIND PEOPLE WHO BELIEVE TRUMP’S SYRIA OPERATION WILL ACTUALLY MAKE A DIFFERENCE. MANY BELIEVE THE STRIKES WERE JUST FOR SHOW. EVEN IF THE U.S. KEEPS HITTING SYRIA, THE NAGGING QUESTION HERE IS: WILL WHAT SYRIA BECOMES NEXT BE BETTER?>>SYRIANS IN CANADA WEIGH THE RESULTS OF THE U.S. BOMBING THEIR HOME LAND.>>>EMOTIONS [theme] I’m sure that you agree,
that we should talk frankly to each
other. Frankness, in good spirits,
is a measure of friendship. The issues and irritants that
inevitably affect
all neighbours, are small indeed, in comparison
with the issues
that we face together. Our friendship is deep and our
understanding is great but we have
many problems of course. Narrator: ..but a day which also
saw what looked like the beginning of a fundamental
friendship between Mr. Trudeau
and President Nixon. This is a new era
of consultation, and we hope
cooperation. [a loud din from crowd] Narrator: Some American
officials seemed appalled as Canadian security allowed
demonstrators within yards of the first meeting between
Prime Minister Trudeau and the President. Canadians, expect much
of Americans, but more important, Canadians have
faith in the Americans. Narrator: The Prime Minister was
here to tell President Reagan what he was telling Canadian
voters for the past few months. That he wants to restore,
not just good relations, but what he called “super
relations” between Canada
and the U.S. From President Clinton there
was no limit to the praise and the admiration
he expressed for Prime Minister
Chrétien. Under your wise leadership,
Prime Minister, relations between
the United States and Canada have never been closer
or more constructive. He is a good guy. I enjoyed
to meet with him. Narrator: Four years and three
weeks, and two days since first being elected
U.S. President and George Bush said
“Hello” to Canada. I frankly felt like the
reception we received on the way in from the airport was
very warm and hospitable and I want to thank the Canadian
people that came out to wave… ..with all
five fingers. For ah…. [hearty laughter from audience] [in unison]
Obama! Obama! Narrator: The purpose of the
trip was that Stephen Harper and Barack Obama have some
time to get to know each other and discuss whether they shared
an agenda and some objectives. I came to Canada, on my first
trip as President, to underscore the closeness and importance of
the relationship between our two nations. We see ourselves
in each other – we’re guided by
the same values. And like all great
enduring friendships, at our best, we bring out
the best in one another. [theme] WITHIN — >>Wendy: WE COVERED A LOT OF GROUND HOW THE WORLD IS REACTING TO THE U.S. LAUNCHING MISSILES AT A SYRIAN AIR BASE. HERE AT HOME, THE MISSILE STRIKE AND THE CHEMICAL ATTACK THAT PROVOKED IT ARE BRINGING UP A LOT OF EMOTIONS FOR SYRIAN CANADIANS, ESPECIALLY THOSE WHO FLED TO ESCAPE VIOLENCE. ALISON NORTHCOTT TELLS US MORE.>>Reporter: MARION IS 13 YEARS OLD AND LIVES IN WINNIPEG NOW. HER BODY COVERED IN SCARS FROM A BOMB EXPLOSION IN SYRIA THAT KILLED HER SISTER AND LEFT HER BADLY INJURED.>>Interview: MY BACK AND ON MY STOMACH.>>Reporter: HER AUNT WORRIES THE U.S. STRIKES WILL ONLY MAKE THINGS IN SYRIA WORSE. AND THAT MORE CHILDREN WILL BE HURT AND KILLED. LIKE MANY SYRIANS NOW IN CANADA, THIS MAN HAS WATCHED AS THE CIVIL WAR RAGES ON. TO HIM, THE MISSILE STRIKE BRINGS UP MIXED FEELINGS.>>Interview: I AM NOT SURE THE U.S. IS BATTLING MY COUNTRY. I THINK THE ASSAD REGIME DOES NOT UNDERSTAND ANYTHING BUT SUCH INTERVENTION.>>Reporter: MORE THAN 40,000 SYRIAN REFUGEES HAVE COME TO CANADA SINCE THE END OF 2015. MOST LIKE OF THEM ARE FOLLOWING THE WAR CLOSELY. PARTICULARLY THIS WEEK AFTER THE DEADLY CHEMICAL ATTACK AND THE REACTION FROM THE U.S. >>Interview: IT IS NOT ENOUGH.>>Interview: I FEEL SAD. I CAN’T HELP ANYBODY IN MY COUNTRY. I CAN’T MAKE ANYTHING.>>Reporter: THIS MAN SAID THE STRIKES MAY SEND A MESSAGE TO THE SYRIAN REGIME BUT WILL NOT END THE BLOODSHED.>>Interview: IT IS VERY LATE. VERY LATE. I DON’T THINK THAT KIND OF SENDING ROCKETS COULD SOLVE ANYTHING.>>Reporter: HE SAID IT IS HARD TO TRUST THE U.S., ESPECIALLY GIVEN ITS RECORD IN THE MIDDLE EAST. BUT OTHERS IN THE SYRIAN COMMUNITY HOPE THE STRIKES MARK THE BEGINNING OF THE END.>>Interview: IT IS VERY IMPORTANT THAT ANY ACTION AGAINST THE REGIME BE A COMPLETE SOLUTION AND DECISIVE ACTION TO END THE CRISIS.>>Interview: IT WAS A SIGN OF RELIEF THAT FINALLY THERE IS SOME KIND OF INVOLVEMENT. FINALLY THIS CRIMINAL REGIME IS PUNISHED.>>Reporter: HE SAID ALTHOUGH THE SYRIANS DO NOT AGREE ON WHAT THE MISSILE STRIKES WILL ACCOMPLISH, AFTER YEARS OF VIOLENCE, THEY ALL JUST WANT THE CONFLICT TO END. ALISON NORTHCOTT, CBC NEWS, MONTREAL.>>Wendy: THERE WAS ANOTHER DEADLY ATTACK IN EUROPE TODAY. A VEHICLE BECAME A WEAPON. THIS TIME IN SWEDEN’S CAPITAL. THEY RAN FOR THEIR LIVES AFTER A STOLEN BEER TRUCK PLOWED INTO PEDESTRIANS. FOUR PEOPLE WERE KILLED AND MORE THAN 15 OTHERS INJURED. THE COUNTRY’S PRIME MINISTER LABELLED THE INCIDENT AN ACT OF TERROR. SWEDISH POLICE LAUNCHED A NATIONWIDE MANHUNT AFTER THE DRIVER ESCAPED. THEY LATER ARRESTED A MAN NEAR STOCKHOLM’S AIRPORT. CBC IS IN THE CITY WITH MORE.>>Reporter: AN EERIE CALM DESCENDED HERE IN STOCKHOLM. THE POLICE LIGHTS BEHIND ME, MOST OF THE MASSIVE CITY CORE HAS BEEN SHUT DOWN AS PEOPLE STILL TRY TO COPE WITH WHAT HAPPENED. I MET A YOUNG STUDENT, 21-YEAR-OLD, WHO SAW THE VAN HEADING DOWN THE STREET. HE JUMPED AWAY AND SAW PEOPLE ON THE GROUND. HE DOESN’T KNOW IF THEY ARE ALIVE OR NOT. A YOUNG OFFICE WORKER, MOTHER OF TWO, WHO WAS JUST A BLOCK AWAY STARTED TELLING ME WHAT HAPPENED. AND SUDDENLY TEARS START STREAMING DOWN HER FACE. ALL SHE COULD SAY WAS THIS DOESN’T HAPPEN HERE. THIS DOESN’T HAPPEN HERE. IN THE END, IT IS NOT ABOUT THE DEATH TOLL OR THE TOTAL DAMAGE, BUT IT IS WHAT TERROR ALWAYS DOES. WHICH IS CREATE FEAR AND SADNESS. AS STOCKHOLM TRIES TO GRAPPLE WITH WHAT HAPPENED, PEOPLE ARE SLOWLY TRYING TO COME BACK TO A NORMAL LIFE. FOR THE MOMENT, THIS IS STILL A CITY IN MOURNING AND IN SADNESS.>>Wendy: A FIFTH VICTIM HAS NOW DIED AS A RESULT OF LAST MONTH’S ATTACK IN LONDON NEAR THE PARLIAMENT BUILDINGS. SURVEILLANCE CAMERAS CAUGHT THE ATTACKER’S CAR FORCING ANDRE CRISTA INTO THE THAMES. HER BOYFRIEND PLANNED TO PROPOSE LATER THAT DAY.>>>WE WILL BE BACK LATER WITH MORE FROM HERE.>>>UP NEXT, OUR SPECIAL COVERAGE FROM VIMY RIDGE.>>THIS IS A TRACKER. IT WEIGHS 40 POUNDS.>>Wendy: PETER SHOWS YOU A NEW WAY TO GET THE VIMY EXPERIENCE. THAT IS NEXT ON “THE NATIONAL.”>>>LET’S CHECK THE BUSINESS NUMBERS. THE TSX DROPPED 30 POINTS. THE CANADIAN DOLLAR ENDED THE WEEK AT 74.5 U.S. A QUIET DAY ON THE MARKETS IN NEW YORK, TOO. THE PRICE OF OIL GAINED $0.54 A BARREL. [news theme] News anchor: The game
is Space War and it’s played
on a computer. At the moment it provides
esoteric sport for young mathematicians
at MIT. Some day it may train them
to fight a war in space. [digital beeping] ♪ [electronic piano] Reporter: Whether it’s the nice,
zingy sound they make, the electronic
challenge, or just the thrill of
controlling what happens on a television screen, TV games are exerting a
powerful fascination. What do you think
of the game you’re playing? Oh,
I love it. ♪ [digital beeps
and percussion] Reporter: These students at
the University of Alberta in Edmonton, have developed a
series of games that can be played on
the computer. The idea of the game is to
manipulate the cursor towards your enemy until you
get him in the centre. And once you’ve
got him there – [two firm keyboard clicks] Bang and he’s dead. [digital beeps] Reporter: Defender, Asteroids,
Missile Command – the names of some of the arcade
hits that are attracting millions of video
addicts every day. Video junkies have
a current favourite, someone even wrote a song
about Pac-Man. [pop song] Cause I got
Pac-Man fever Pac-Man fever It’s driving
me crazy Driving me
crazy Reporter: Pac-Man grossed more
money in arcades last year than the movie
Star Wars, one of the most
successful Hollywood films. [sounds of Pac-Man;
quarters clinking] Reporter: These are not games
you would find in an arcade. They are the latest
generation of home video. And this is where the real boom
in the industry is occurring. I don’t play
that much. [laser fire] They’re really
addicted to this thing. Reporter: This a story
about a game. A game some say is so exciting,
so enthralling, so much fun, that if you ever start playing
you won’t be able to stop. your fingers over buttons
as you jump, fly, crush, and kill your way through
an alternate reality. [digital tones and beeps] Alluring, fascinating,
compelling, a curse. Frum: They’re video games,
the flashy, trashy offshoots of the computer revolution Reporter: Its programmers say we
haven’t seen anything yet. [dramatic music] The first and the best known of
the sex change operation was one performed about
15 years ago on young ex-GI,
named George Jorgensen, who went to Copenhagen
and came back as Christine. When Christine’s story was told
around the world, there were applications from
hundreds of young men who wanted to undergo
the same kind of operation. [whoosh] Reporter: Well Diana, now that
you are officially a woman, how does it feel? I feel absolutely marvellous,
thank you. Did you always
want to be a woman? As long as I can
remember, sir, yes. And now that
you are, what do you miss most
about being a man? I never was really
intent a man. Or psychologically so I miss
nothing about my male hood. [whoosh] [theme music] Lee Davies of Ottawa
was born a woman, recently, after a number of
medical operations, Lee Davies became
a man. I was
only a kid. I felt
different – I knew I
wasn’t – My body wasn’t what
my mind was saying I was. My mind was
totally male. [whoosh] Reporter: Caroline’s surgery,
17 years ago, gave her the woman’s
body she dreamt of and a model’s salary of
$200,000 a year. No one questioned
her femininity. In fact she modelled for
seven years before the British tabloids made her
story public. She even played a Bond
girl in a 007 film. It’s only the British
government that doesn’t accept the change. I’m sort of classified
still as a man. I mean I break the law every day
if I use the women’s toilet. I can’t really
use the men’s. I mean, if I committed a crime,
I’d be in a men’s prison. [news theme music] [♪♪♪]>>Peter: GOOD EVENING FROM VIMY RIDGE IN NORTHERN FRANCE. OVER THERE ON SUNDAY, AT THAT MASSIVE MAJESTIC MONUMENT, THOUSANDS WILL HONOUR THE SACRIFICE MADE HERE 100 YEARS AGO BY CANADIAN SOLDIERS. WHEN YOU TRAVEL TO VIMY, YOU CAN BE ALMOST OVERWHELMED BY WHAT YOU SEE. BY WHAT THE BATTLE SCARRED LAND REVEALS ABOUT THAT BRUTAL FIGHT A CENTURY AGO. THERE IS NOTHING QUITE LIKE WALKING UP TO THAT MONUMENT, NOTHING QUITE LIKE WALKING THE TRENCHES, THERE IS SOMETHING NEW AVAILABLE THAT YOU CAN ACCESS FROM ANYWHERE. THAT DELIVERS A DEEP SENSE OF THE VIMY EXPERIENCE. AND IT BEGINS, OF COURSE, WITH SOME CUTTING EDGE TECHNOLOGY. WHAT COULD POSSIBLY HAVE MADE ME WALK THROUGH THE BATTLEFIELDS OF VIMY RIDGE WEARING THIS CONTRAPTION? YOU HAVE TO GO BACK 100 YEARS TO BEGIN THE ANSWER. VIMY RIDGE WAS A DEFINING MOMENT FOR CANADA. IF YOU BELIEVE SOME HISTORIANS, IT WAS THE MOMENT THE COUNTRY WAS BORN. NOT REALLY, OF COURSE. CONFEDERATION HAD HAPPENED ALMOST EXACTLY 50 YEARS BEFORE IN 1867. BUT, THE 1917 BATTLE WAS A MAJOR MOMENT. IT WAS THE FIRST TIME CANADIAN TROOPS HAVE FOUGHT AS A UNIT IN WHAT THEY CALLED THE GREAT WAR. AND THEY DID SO AT A STRATEGIC LOCATION THAT OTHER ALLIES, MAINLY THE FRENCH, HAD FAILED TO TAKE FROM THE GERMANS. VIMY WAS A BLOODY BATTLE. IT LASTED FOUR DAYS. AND EVEN NOW, A CENTURY LATER, THE GROUND IS STILL POT MARKED WITH SHELL CRATERS. BUT CANADA PREVAILED. AT TREMENDOUS COST. MORE THAN 10,000 CASUALTIES. ALMOST 4,000 DEAD. THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT HAS MADE SURE THAT HISTORY HAS BEEN PRESERVED ON THESE FIELDS IN NORTHERN FRANCE BECAUSE WITHOUT BEING HERE, IT IS HARD TO IMAGINE JUST WHAT IT WAS REALLY LIKE 100 YEARS AGO. THERE THEY ARE, THE GERMAN TRENCHES. NOW, ONE OF THE HARD THINGS TO EXPLAIN IS THE DISTANCES BETWEEN IN THIS CASE, THE GERMAN LINES AND THE CANADIAN LINES. HERE AT VIMY RIDGE, THE LINES WERE PRETTY CLOSE TOGETHER. I WOULD SAY ONLY ABOUT 50 METRES SEPARATING THE GERMANS FROM THE CANADIANS. THAT IS ABOUT HALF OF A FOOTBALL FIELD LENGTH. SO CLOSE, THAT AT TIMES BOTH SIDES ON QUIET EVENINGS, BOTH SIDES COULD HEAR EACH OTHER TALKING. THEY WOULD YELL AT EACH OTHER. THEY WOULD TAUNT EACH OTHER. AND IT UNDERLINES THAT FACT THAT IT IS AWFULLY HARD TO REALIZE THAT THE DISTANCES IN THIS CASE ARE SO SHORT UNLESS YOU ARE ACTUALLY HERE. SO TO GET PEOPLE HERE, WE PARTNERED WITH GOOGLE CANADA TO CREATE A WAY FOR CANADIANS ANYWHERE IN THE WORLD TO EXPERIENCE WHAT IT IS LIKE TO BE HERE AT VIMY. TO BRING A 100-YEAR-OLD BATTLE OUT OF THE HISTORY BOOKS AND INTO REALITY. WELL, VIRTUAL REALITY. THE GOAL IS TO MAKE INTERACTIVE VIDEO THAT WILL BE AVAILABLE ONLINE TO HELP CONNECT THE NEW GENERATION TO THE STORY OF VIMY RIDGE.>>OKAY, THIS IS A TRACKER. IT WEIGHS ABOUT 40 POUNDS. IT IS A LITTLE TOP HEAVY. THE CAMERA SYSTEM HAS 15 CAMERAS. THEY SNAP PICTURES EVERY 2 OR 3 SECONDS AS YOU WALK.>>Peter: THIS IS HOW THEY SHOW A HOUSE OR STREET. ANYWHERE IN THE WORLD.>>Interview: VIMY IS A TINY DOT. WITH THE TECHNOLOGY, IT ALLOWS YOU TO ACTUALLY GO AND EXPERIENCE AND EXPLORE AND IT TAKES THAT DOT AND BRINGS IT TO LIFE.>>Peter: CAN I GO AND COLLECT IMAGERY?>>DO IT.>>Peter: WITH THE TRACKER ON, IT WAS TIME TO WALK THE TRENCHES AND NOMAD’S LAND. GOOGLES DRONE GATHERED IMAGES OF THE LANDSCAPE TO CAPTURE WHAT THIS PLACE LOOKS LIKE FROM ABOVE. WE NEEDED SPECIAL PERMISSION FROM VETERANS AFFAIRS CANADA AND THE FRENCH GOVERNMENT TO DO THIS.>>IS THERE A WAY TO PULL BACK AND SEE SOME OF THE… GETTING THE PICTURES THAT WOULD BRING THE BATTLEFIELD HOME TO CANADIANS AND TRY TO COMMUNICATE WHAT IT MUST HAVE BEEN LIKE FOR THOSE YOUNG SOLDIERS WHO WALKED THESE SAME PATHS IN APRIL OF 1917.>>Interview: BEFORE, WHEN IT CAME TO MAPPING, YOU WERE TRYING TO SEE WHAT IS BEYOND THE HORIZON. THIS TECHNOLOGY TAKES YOU TO WHERE YOU ARE AND SO DO THE 360° PANAMARAMAS OF THE WORLD AROUND YOU.>>Peter: THE TRENCHES ARE ONLY ONE PART OF THE LANDSCAPE OF VIMY RIDGE. THESE ARE THE TUNNELS BELOW. CAPTURING WHAT THESE LOOK LIKE IS A CHALLENGE. THIS MAY NOT LOOK LIKE A CAMERA, BUT IT IS. IN FACT IT IS 16 CAMERAS. 16 GO PROS TO BE EXACT. ALL DESIGNED TO CAPTURE A FULL 360° VIEW FOR CANADIANS TO EXPLORE THIS PLACE AS IF THEY ARE RIGHT HERE.>>TESTING, ONE, TWO THREE. IT IS CALLED THE ODYSSEY AND THE TECHNOLOGY IS RELATIVELY NEW. AND VERY FINICKY TO SAY THE LEAST. EACH CAMERA IS CAPTURING A PART OF THIS PICTURE. THE TUNNELS LOOK PRETTY GOOD RIGHT NOW. WHEN YOU STITCH THEM TOGETHER, A LONG AND TEDIOUS EDITING PROCESS, YOU GET A COMPLETE VIEW OF YOUR SURROUNDINGS.>>THIS IS NOT WHAT IT LOOKED LIKE 100 YEARS AGO. IT IS A TOUR DESIGNED FOR YOU TO EXPERIENCE THIS PLACE AND THE STORIES THAT COME WITH IT. LET’S CARRY ON OUR TOUR HERE OF THE TUNNEL UNDER VIMY RIDGE. WE TOOK THE ODYSSEY ALL AROUND THE TUNNELS, DETERMINED TO CAPTURE AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE.>>HERE THEY HAVE THE OPPORTUNITY TO BE UNDER GROUND AND PROTECTED WHILE THAT WAS GOING ON. IT MADE A BIG DIFFERENCE IN LEADERSHIP DURING THAT PART OF THE WORLD. WE WENT TO THE TRENCHES AND NOMAD’S LAND. JUST DOWN THE ROAD FROM THE SCARRED BATTLEFIELDS IS THE CANADIAN CEMETERY WHERE MORE THAN 3,000 CANADIANS HAVE THEIR FINAL RESTING PLACE. WE SET UP HERE TO CAPTURE THE ROWS UPON ROWS OF WHITE GRAVESTONES ETCHED WITH THE NAMES OF THOSE WHO NEVER RETURNED HOME. SOME AS YOUNG AS 17. FINALLY, WE VISITED THE BREATHTAKING VIMY RIDGE MONUMENT. A MONUMENT BUILT TO REMEMBER THOSE WHOSE BODIES WERE NEVER FOUND IN A WAR SO HORRIFIC THAT 11,285 NAMES ARE REMEMBERED HERE. IT WAS OUR GREATEST CHALLENGE. CAPTURING THE SCALE AND BEAUTY OF THIS STRUCTURE. YOU CANNOT HELP BUT BE MOVED BY BEING HERE. THIS PLACE SHOULD MATTER TO CANADIANS, ALL CANADIANS. IT IS PART OF WHO WE ARE. THOUSANDS OF KILOMETRES FROM HOME. NOT EVERY CANADIAN CAN COME HERE. THIS IS OUR ATTEMPT AT BRINGING IT SO MUCH CLOSER. FOR ALL OF US.>>GO TOWARD THE MONUMENT AND KEEP FLYING OVER PAST IT.>>Peter: WHEN YOU WATCH IN VIRTUAL REALITY, YOU SEE THE FULL PICTURE AND YOU CAN CONTROL THE PICTURE. YOU LOOK WHERE YOU WANT TO LOOK, SEE WHAT YOU WANT TO SEE. IT SOUNDS GOOD, BUT WILL IT WORK? WILL WE BE ABLE TO BRING CANADIANS CLOSER TO THIS PLACE THAN MOST WILL EVER GET? THESE GRADE 8s AT MINTO CLIFFORD PUBLIC SCHOOL IN ONTARIO HAVE BEEN STUDYING VIMY RIDGE. LEARNING ABOUT THE BATTLE AS MANY OF US DID IN TEXTBOOKS UNTIL TODAY.>>Interview: YOU WILL BE OBSERVING AND I WANT YOU TO TELL THAT OTHER PERSON WHAT IS GOING ON. GO AT IT. HAVE FUN. THE PRIVATE JAMIESON LIED ABOUT HIS AGE, THE LEGAL AGE WAS 18 TO JOIN THE CANADIAN ARMY. HE DIED WHEN HE WAS 17.>>THE LEGAL AGE WAS 18. HE DIED WHEN HE WAS 17.>>Peter: HE LED HIS MEN OVER THE TOP GOING OUT OVER THE TRENCHES, TO THE GERMAN LINES. HE LEFT WITH…>>YOU KNOW, YOU CAN EXPERIENCE IT. IT IS LIKE YOU ARE ACTUALLY THERE. IT IS MORE REAL THAN IF YOU ARE JUST READING IT.>>I WONDER WHAT IT WOULD BE BEFORE THEY STARTED THIS.>>IT WAS JUST NOTHING AROUND.>>WE HAVE NOT HAD THAT EXPERIENCE. SHOWING US AND HEARING THE STORIES.>>WITH THE PICTURE, YOU DON’T HAVE THAT REFERENCE OF THE HEIGHT AND THE LENGTH AND STUFF. WHEN YOU PUT ON THE HEADSET AND YOU CAN LOOK AROUND AND SEE AROUND YOU. THE TUNNELS, IT SHOWS HOW CRAMPED AND TIGHT IT WAS.>>THE TUNNELS…>>TO ME IT SHOWS HOW REAL IT WAS. INSTILLS THE EMOTIONS OF WHAT THE PEOPLE WERE THERE FELT.>>I HAVE DONE VIRTUAL REALITY BEFORE. TO SEE VIMY, IT IS MIND BLOWING HOW COOL AND HOW FAST THEY ACTUALLY BUILT TUNNELS LIKE THAT STRONG AND STURDY TO GET THROUGH AND WIN.>>I GAVE YOU THE SCOPE OF THE BATTLE. I GAVE YOU AT 5:30 A.M. THE ARTILLERY GOES. THE GUYS GO UP THE HILL. NOW YOU CHANGED THAT. WHAT CHANGED WITH REGARD TO YOUR THOUGHT.>>IT WAS AN IDEA BEFORE. IT WAS STATUES AND MONUMENTS. IT IS REAL.>>THIS IS THE BEST WE CAN GET. IT WAS FANTASTIC.>>Peter: ONE THING I FOUND ABOUT SPECIAL PROGRAMS, IS THAT YOUNG CANADIANS WHEN GIVEN THE OPPORTUNITY ARE FASCINATED BY OUR HISTORY IN A WORLD LOOKING FOR PEACE AND FREEDOM. VIMY RIDGE IS A BIG PART OF THAT STORY AND CONTINUES TO BE 100 YEARS LATER. TEN YEARS AGO, 5,000 YOUNG CANADIANS CAME FOR THE 90th ANNIVERSARY CEREMONY. THIS YEAR, 5 TIMES THAT NUMBER ARE EXPECTED. AND NOW, BACK IN CANADA, FOR THOSE WHO COULDN’T MAKE THE JOURNEY, THE VIMY RIDGE EXPERIENCE IS JUST A SCREEN AWAY. NOW, YOU CAN BE HERE TOO. VIRTUALLY ANYWAY.>>>COMING UP, A GLIMPSE AT A REMARKABLE STORY TOLD BY NAHLAH AYED.>>>A NOTE ON WHAT TO EXPECT THIS WEEKEND. [theme music] [Bebop jazz] [groovy funk] [♪♪♪]>>Peter: WE WANT TO GIVE YOU A LITTLE TASTE NOW OF AN INCREDIBLE STORY NAHLAH AYED HAS DONE. WE PLANNED TO AIR TONIGHT, BECAUSE OF NEWS EVENTS WE ARE HOLDING IT TO SUNDAY. IF YOU CAN’T WAIT, WE HAVE POSTED IT ONLINE. IT IS ABOUT A BATTLEFIELD CROSS MADE RIGHT HERE, 100 YEARS AGO. AND ITS STRONG CONNECTIONS BETWEEN CANADA AND FRANCE. THE PAST AND THE PRESENT. HERE IS AN EXCERPT.>>IT IS EXCELLENT.>>Reporter: EVEN FOR THOSE WHO KNOW VIMY RIDGE AND THE RELICS LIKE SIMON AND JOANNE, THIS IS AN EXCITING MOMENT.>>OH, MY GOSH. WOW!>>IT IS IN GREAT SHAPE.>>Reporter: JOANNE GAGNE FROM VETERANS AFFAIRS LONG DREAMT OF BRINGING A BATTLEFIELD CROSS TO VIMY AND WORKED FROM THIS END TO MAKE IT HAPPEN.>>Interview: I WAS VERY EMOTIONAL AND I DID HAVE THE GOOSE BUMPS. AND FELT THAT MAYBE THE SOLDIERS WOULD APPRECIATE LIKE MAKING THE SPECIAL CONNECTION. THE EXTRA MILE WE WENT TO GET IF BACK HERE. I APPRECIATE THE MUSEUM FOR LENDING US TO THE CROSS FOR THIS VERY SPECIAL YEAR.>>Interview: THE FULL BOMBARDMENT STARTED UP.>>Reporter: HE IS SERIOUS ENTHUSIASTIC AMATEUR. HE PINPOINTED THE CROSS’S ORIGINAL LOCATION WITH OLD MAPS AND WAR DIARIES.>>Interview: THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THESE SORT OF CROSSES AND THE LIKES OF THE MEMORIAL. THE MEMORIAL IS A FABULOUS STRUCTURE, BUT IT TOOK YEARS TO CONCEIVE AND JUST GET RIGHT. THE CARPENTER HERE WAS NOT NECESSARILY WORRYING ABOUT WHETHER HE GOT — IT WAS A LABOUR OF LOVE TO JUST DO IT THERE IN HONOUR OF THE FALLEN. I THINK THAT IS — IT IS WAY MORE PERSONAL AND IMMEDIATE.>>Peter: YOU WILL SEE THE REST OF THAT ON SUNDAY NIGHT. TOMORROW ON “THE NATIONAL”, WE WILL BRING YOU PART OF A GREAT CONVERSATION I HAD TODAY WITH THE GOVERNOR GENERAL. AS FAR AS THE REASON WE ARE HERE, THE COMMEMORATIVE CEREMONY, COVERAGE IS SUNDAY 9 A.M. EASTERN ON CBC TELEVISION. CBC NEWS NETWORK. IT WILL BE LIVE STREAMED ON CBC NEWS.CA. THOUSANDS OF CANADIANS WILL BE HERE. WE WILL BE IN THE THICK OF IT WITH THEM. BRINGING YOU AS MANY OF THEIR STORIES AS WE CAN. THAT IS IT FROM VIMY FOR NOW. WE ARE GOING BACK TO WENDY IN TORONTO NEXT. ♪ [theme] ♪ baby, my heart’s on fire ♪ ♪ if you refuse me,
honey, you’ll lose me ♪ ♪ then you’ll be
left alone, oh baby ♪ ♪ telephone… ♪ 85 years ago today the first telephones
went on sale to the public. To give you an idea of
what sort of a telephone you could buy at that time, we asked the telephone company
to dust off some of the ancient models stored in the basement of its University
Avenue building. This attractive demonstration
wasn’t really in keeping with the telephone
scenes of 1877. Originally boys were employed
as telephone operators. They were later replaced by
girls when it was found they were too rude
to customers. And this is something else
that’s in use now and will one day be
a part of every home. It’s called the video phone. If I am off centre,
you can’t see me anymore. So, uh… You’d only want to do that if
you weren’t properly dressed. The size, the shape
and the colour has changed a little
in the past 30 years, but it still does
the same thing. Or does it? The fact is that the system to
which this phone is connected has changed radically. Now this uses the phone, and this does,
and so does this. The telecommunications
industry has produced an
electronic highway. [electronic beeps] Tim Barnett is checking
in with his office. Hello, Claudine. He’s using his new
high tech cellular phone. It’s got no wires, no jacks
and it travels anywhere. The people selling it claim it’s the productivity
tool of the ’80s. It could equally be
an expensive bust. ..to have her call me
on my cellular phone, I’d appreciate it. This gadget doesn’t
come cheap. It costs between
$2,000 and $6,000 just to get the equipment, and there’s call charges
on top of that. Yesterday they were gadgets used
only by the rich and powerful. Today your local pizza delivery
is likely to have one. In next to no time,
so will most of us, who want to have that phone no matter where
we happen to be. Research in Motion dominates a small industrial park
in Waterloo, Ontario. It invented and manufactures
a pager called a Blackberry. It’s unique feature: a keyboard
that allows you to send and receive e-mail
essentially in real time. Now when Apple says it plans
to make a new cell phone, people listen. Today the company
showed off its iPhone, with a touch screen… Samsung has brought
its fight for smart phone supremacy
to Apple’s turf. ♪ if you refuse me,
honey, you’ll lose me ♪ ♪ then you’ll be
left alone, oh baby ♪ ♪ telephone and tell me
I’m your own ♪ ♪ [news theme] Announcer:
The National. ♪ ♪ Announcer:
The National. ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪>>I think once you’re of the mindset that we’re a country of alignment and a country of co-operation, then actually we’re in a better position to do anything is the truth of it.>>They will not expect our attack.>>Narrator: Laura Secord did the thing that had to be done. And sometimes those things have historic reverberations.>>Announcer: Canada: The Story of Us, Sunday at 9:00 on CBC. Brought to you in part by ancestry.ca [♪♪♪]>>Wendy: A QUICK LOOK AT SOME OTHER STORIES NOW. DONALD TRUMP’S PICK FOR THE SUPREME COURT HAS BEEN CONFIRMED BY U.S. SENATORS.>>THE AYES ARE 54. THE NAYS ARE 45.>>Wendy: HE WILL FILL THE VACANCY ON THE BENCH. PREVIOUSLY, 60 VOTES WERE NEEDED. BUT >>>A FORMER ONTARIO NURSE ACCUSED OF BEING A SERIAL KILLER WAVED HER RIGHT TO A PRELIMINARY HEARING AND IS CHOOSING TO GO TO STRAIGHT TO TRIAL.>>WE ARE HAPPY THAT WE CAN GO FORWARD.>>Wendy: SHE FACES 8 COUNTS OF FIRST DEGREE MURDER AND FOUR OF ATTEMPTED MURDER. THE CHARGES RELATE TO HER TIME WORKING AT TWO NURSING HOMES BETWEEN 2007 AND LAST YEAR.>>>CANADA’S LABOUR MARKET SAW A BOOST LAST MONTH. MORE THAN 19,000 NEW JOBS WERE CREATED. THREE TIMES WHEN ANALYSTS FORECAST. THE VAST MAJORITY WERE FROM SELF-EMPLOYMENT. AND A RISE IN THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE LOOKING FOR WORK, MEN THE NATIONAL UNEMPLOYMENT RATE ROSE.>>>AND THE MASSIVE VEHICLE RECALL TO TELL YOU ABOUT, THERE ARE 1.5 MILLION CARS RECALLED IN NORTH KOREA AND SOUTH AMERICA. 114,000 ARE IN CANADA. THE ENGINES MAY FAIL AND STALL, INCREASING THE RISK OF A CRASH. THE RECALL IS MODELS FROM 2011 AND 2014. KIA AND HYUNDAI WILL NOTIFY OWNERS.>>>A LOT CHANGED IN THE WORLD SINCE THE U.S. BOMBARDED A STRIP WITH TOMAHAWK MISSILES. HERE IS A RECAP.>>THIS COULD TURN AWAY CORE SUPPORTERS WHO CHEERED HIS PUTTING DOMESTIC INTERESTS AHEAD OF GEOPOLITICS. THE U.S. SAID MORE MUST BE DONE TO END THE WAR IN SYRIA. THAT COULD CERTAINLY RAISE THE STAKES. RUSSIA HAS PULLED OUT OF AN AGREEMENT THAT KEPT U.S. MILITARY AIRCRAFT RELATIVELY SAFE IN THE SKIES OVER SYRIA. THE PRIME MINISTER SAID HE SUPPORTS THE LIMITED U.S. ACTION AGAINST SYRIA. BUT CANADA’S OWN ROLE IN THE REGION REMAINS UNCHANGED. AND LEADERS IN CHINA, NORTH KOREA AND ELSEWHERE MUST BE WONDERING WHAT WASHINGTON MAY DO NEXT. WE WILL KEEP YOU UP-TO-DATE AS ALL OF THIS DEVELOPS.>>>THAT’S “THE NATIONAL”FOR THIS FRIDAY NIGHT. FOR NEWS AT ANY HOUR, YOU CAN GO TO CBCNEWS.CA. I’M WENDY MESLEY. THANK YOU FOR WATCHING. [♪♪♪]

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