The National for December 5, 2018 — State Funeral, Weather Balloons, Vaping Reality


>>Adrienne: ON THIS WEDNESDAY NIGHT… >>I SAID, DAD, I LOVE YOU AND YOU’VE BEEN A WONDERFUL FATHER. AND LAST WORDS HE WOULD EVER SAY ON EARTH WERE, I LOVE YOU, TOO.>>Adrienne: THE 43RD U.S. PRESIDENT SAYS FAREWELL TO THE 41ST. PLUS THE CANADIAN STATESMAN WHO KNEW GEORGE HERBERT WALKER BUSH BEST.>>HALF OF IT, AS OPPOSED TO DO NOTHING.>>Ian: ENVIRONMENT CANADA WEATHER BALLOONS GATHER CRUCIAL INFO FOR COUNTRIES AROUND THE WORLD, BUT THEY COME WITH AN ENVIRONMENTAL COST HERE AT HOME.>>SEE WHAT WE CAN SEE. IT’S DROPS AWAY.>>Adrienne: WE’LL GET YOU UP CLOSE AS SCIENTISTS STUDY BRITISH COLUMBIA’S VOLCANO. WHY IT’S NOT JUST AN ACADEMIC EXERCISE. THIS IS “THE NATIONAL”.>>Adrienne: THE UNITED STATES MOURNS THE PASSING OF A PRESIDENT TODAY. A STATE FUNERAL REMEMBERING THE LIFE AND LEGACY OF THE 41ST OCCUPANT OF THE OVAL OFFICE. THIS DAY WAS ABOUT GEORGE HERBERT WALKER BUSH, BUT EYES COULDN’T HELP STRAYING TO THE OTHER PRESIDENTS AND THEIR WIVES, SITTING IN THE FRONT ROW AS EULOGIES ECHOED THROUGH THE CATHEDRAL.>>PUT COLLEGE ON HOLD AND BECAME A NAVY FIGHTER PILOT.>>THE AMERICA’S LAST GREAT SOLDIER STATESMAN.>>HIS LIFE CODE, TELL THE TRUTH. DON’T BLAME PEOPLE.>>HE OFTEN SAID WHEN THE TOUGH CHOICES COME, IT’S THE COUNTRY, NOT ME.>>NO OCCUPANT OF THE OVAL OFFICE WAS MORE COURAGEOUS, MORE PRINCIPLED AND MORE HONOURABLE THAN GEORGE HERBERT WALKER BUSH.>>Adrienne: AS KEITH BOAG EXPLAINS, IT WAS A RARE SIGHT, DONALD TRUMP NEXT TO A POLITICAL ESTABLISHMENT HE HAS ACCUSED AND TO WHO HE WILL BE COMPARED.>>GUESTS OF THE FORMER PRESIDENTS MANAGED THE AWKWARDNESS OF THE MOMENT. DONALD TRUMP SHOOK HANDS WITH THE MAN’S WHOSE RELIGIOUS BIRTH HE SPREAD LIES ABOUT AND THE FORMER FIRST LADY WHO SAYS SHE’LL NEVER FORGIVE TRUMP BECAUSE THOSE LIES PUT HER CHILDREN’S LIVES AT RISK. TRUMP DID NOT SHAKE HANDS WITH THE FORMER FIRST LADY. AT A COMFORTABLE DISTANCE SAT OTHERS. THE FAMILY OF LATE GEORGE H.W. BUSH, INCLUDING THE SON TRUMP RIDICULED AS LOW ENERGY JEB.>> FORMER PRIME MINISTER BRIAN MULRONEY HAD A CLOSE FRIENDSHIP WITH PRESIDENT BUSH AND PRESIDENT RONALD REAGAN, AS WHOSE FUNERAL HE SPOKE IN 2004. THEIR TIME IN OFFICE OVERLAPPED WITH EACH OTHER’S AND WITH HISTORIC MOMENTS AND BILATERAL INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS. MULRONEY SPOKE WITH WORK ON NAFTA, ACID RAIN AND REUNIFICATION OF GERMANY.>>IT’S CALLED LEADERSHIP. LEADERSHIP. LET ME TELL YOU, THAT WHEN GEORGE BUSH WAS PRESIDENT THE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, EVERY SINGLE HEAD OF GOVERNMENT IN THE WORLD KNEW THAT THEY WERE DEALING WITH A GENTLEMAN, A GENUINE LEADER, ONE WHO WAS DISTINGUISHED, RESOLUTE AND BRAVE.>>Reporter: NOT ALL OF THE 41ST PRESIDENT’S LIFE WILL BE REMEMBERED THAT WAY, BUT AT THIS MOMENT, THE LAST WORD BELONGED TO THE OLDEST SON, A 43RD PRESIDENT, WHO SPOKE OF A REUNION WITH HIS MOTHER AND SISTER WHO DIED IN CHILDHOOD.>>THE BEST FATHER A SON OR DAUGHTER COULD HAVE. AND LET US SMILE KNOWING THAT DAD IS HUGGING ROBIN AND HOLDING MOM’S HAND AGAIN.>>Reporter: AND THEN ONE FINAL PERSONAL FAREWELL. KEITH BOAG, CBC NEWS, WASHINGTON.>>Adrienne: DONALD TRUMP DID NOT SPEAK AT THE FUNERAL. WHILE THAT MIGHT NOT BE A SURPRISE, GIVEN WHAT KEITH MENTIONED, IT DOES GO AGAINST THE CUSTOM OF RECENT YEARS. SITTING PRESIDENTS HAVE SPOKEN AT THE PAST THREE PRESIDENTIAL FUNERALS. CLINTON SPOKE FOR NIXON. GEORGE W. BUSH SPOKE FOR REAGAN AND FORD. IN TODAY’S OMISSION, JEB BUSH AVOIDED ANY MENTION OF TRUMP’S CONDUCT.>>BECAUSE WE HAVE A UNIQUE CIRCUMSTANCE HERE, MY BROTHER WAS PRESIDENT. YOU KNOW.>>Adrienne: TRUMP FOR HIS PART PRAISED THE LATE BUSH IN A STATEMENT SAYING HE SET THE BAR HIGHER.>>Ian: TURNING NOW TO FRIDAY’S HIGHLY ANTICIPATED MEETING BETWEEN THE PRIME MINISTER AND THE PREMIERS WHERE ONE OF THE BIG QUESTIONS IS WHAT ARE THEY GOING TO TALK ABOUT?>>I LOOK FORWARD TO TALKING ABOUT ANYTHING THE PREMIERS WANT TO TALK ABOUT. LOOKING FORWARD TO A BROAD RANGE OF DISCUSSIONS ON WHATEVER THEY HAVE AS PRIORITIES, INCLUDING OIL, NATURAL RESOURCES ARE AN ESSENTIAL PART OF THE ECONOMY.>>Ian: BUT SOME OF THE PREMIERS ARE UNHAPPY WITH THE AGENDA AND THEY’RE EXPECTING TENSE AND DIFFICULT MOMENTS. DAVID COCHRANE JOINS US FROM THE PARLIAMENTARY BUREAU. WE HEARD THE PRIME MINISTER MENTION OIL. OIL IS ALSO THE REASON WHY THE PREMIERS ARE UPSET.>>Reporter: THAT’S RIGHT, THEY WANT TO TALK ABOUT OIL AND IN A BIG WAY. THEY WANT A DEDICATED SECTION OF THE AGENDA FOR THE FIRST MINISTERS MEETING TO DISCUSS THE OIL CRISIS. THAT IS NOT ON THE AGENDA. THAT UPIS THES THE PREMIERS AS THEY FEEL THIS IS THE NUMBER ONE CHALLENGE IN THE CANADIAN ECONOMY. THEY’VE BEEN PUSHING OTTAWA ALL WEEK TO GET IT CHANGED. ON THE AGENDA. BUT MANITOBA PREMIER BRIAN PALLISTER SAID TODAY, IF OTTAWA WON’T PUT A SEGMENT OF THIS ON THE AGENDA, THE PREMIERS WILL FORCE IT.>>I CAN GUARANTEE YOU ONE THING, IF THE AGENDA DOESN’T CHANGE, THE PREMIERS WILL CHANGE THE AGENDA DURING THE MEETING ITSELF, BECAUSE THERE ARE CONCERNS, OBVIOUSLY, EVIDENT IN OUR OIL PRODUCING REGIONS OF THE COUNTRY, THAT IMPACT ON EVERY OTHER PROVINCE.>>Ian: THIS MIGHT BE CONFUSING FOR SOME. THE PRIME MINISTER SAID HE IS WILLING TO TALK ABOUT OIL. WHAT IS IT THAT DOESN’T SATISFY THE PREMIERS?>>THE PREMIER AND FEDERAL OFFICIALS SAY THEY’RE WILLING TO TALK ABOUT OIL, BUT ONLY IN A SCHEDULED CONVERSATION THEY HAVE ON ISSUES AND TRADE AND COMPETITIVENESS, NO DEDICATED SECTION. THE PROBLEM THERE FROM THE PROVINCES’ PERSPECTIVE, THAT WILL SHORTCHANGE ONE OF THE BIGGEST ISSUES IN THE CANADIAN ECONOMY. THE OTHER FACTOR IS THE CHANGING DYNAMIC IN FEDERAL AND PROVINCIAL RELATIONS. SOME OF THEM LIKE ONTARIO PREMIER DOUG FORD SAID THEY WANT TO DEFEAT JUSTIN TRUDEAU. THIS IS GOING TO BE A SIGNIFICANT DYNAMIC LEADING UP TO THE FEDERAL ELECTION AND ALL OF THAT IS GOING TO BE ON DISPLAY IN MONTREAL WHEN THEY MEET, MAKING THIS THE MOST DIFFICULT FIRST MINISTERS MEETING JUSTIN TRUDEAU HAS HAD SINCE BECOMING PRIME MINISTER.>>Ian: THANK YOU. THE ENVIRONMENT MAY WELL GENERATE ENOUGH DIFFICULT DISCUSSION IN FRIDAY’S MEETING. THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT’S CARBON PRICING PLAN COULD BE PART OF IT. SO MANY OF THE NEWLY ELECTED CONSERVATIVE PREMIERS THAT DAVID TALKED ABOUT ARE AGAINST THE CARBON TAX. BUT IN BRITISH COLUMBIA, IT’S HAILED AS A SUCCESS AND TODAY THE PROVINCE UNVEILED AN EVEN MORE AGGRESSIVE CLIMATE PLAN.>>WE WANT TO MAKE SHIFTS, SHIFTS IN OUR HOMES, SHIFTS IN OUR VEHICLES, TO MOVE AWAY FROM BURNING FOSSIL FUELS AND TOWARD A CLEANER, GREENER APPROACH.>>Ian: THE PLAN WILL AFFECT EVERY PART OF THE ECONOMY, CUTTING GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS BY 40%. IT INCLUDES TAX BREAKS AIMED AT ENCOURAGING INDIVIDUALS AND INDUSTRIES TO CHANGE.>>Reporter: IS THIS ACTUALLY A GREEN TECHNOLOGY?>>YES, ABSOLUTELY. 20% REDUCTION IN CO2.>>Reporter: THIS PLAN TO CUT EMISSIONS ADDS UP TO DOLLAR SIGNS, THE TECHNOLOGY ALREADY RUNS TENS OF THOUSANDS OF TRUCKS AND BUSES ON NATURAL GAS RATHER THAN DIESEL.>>THEY’VE TAKEN THAT INDUSTRY AND HALF OF ALL OF THE GARBAGE TRUCKS SOLD IN NORTH AMERICA USE NATURAL GAS.>>Reporter: THAT KIND OF CHANGE, GOOD FOR THE ENVIRONMENT AND THE ECONOMY, IS CENTRAL TO B.C.’S PLAN. ARTHUR SAYS GOVERNMENTS AROUND THE WORLD ARE FORCING COMPANIES TO CUT CO2 LEVELS.>>THIS IS CREATING A MASSIVE REQUIREMENT TO CHANGE THE TECHNOLOGIES WE USE IN TRANSPORTATION. AND WILL LEAD US TO LOWER EMISSIONS AND CLEANER FUTURE.>>Reporter: TODAY’S PLAN WILL ALSO FORCE BUILDERS TO CONSTRUCT HOMES THAT USE NEXT TO NO ENERGY BY THE YEAR 2032. AND DRIVERS WILL EVENTUALLY ONLY BE ALLOWED TO BUY ZERO EMISSION VEHICLES.>>THIS IS AN ENVIRONMENT PLAN, IT’S A CLIMATE PLAN, BUT IT’S ALSO AN ECONOMIC STRATEGY FOR BRITISH COLUMBIA GOING FORWARD.>>Reporter: B.C. IS STILL MAKING ROOM FOR HUGE EXPANSION OF NATURAL GAS EXPORTS, WHICH WILL GENERATE MILLIONS OF TONNES OF NEW EMISSIONS. IN ADDITION, 25% OF THE REDUCTIONS ARE TO COME FROM SOURCES THAT STILL HAVEN’T BEEN IDENTIFIED. DESPITE THOSE CONCERNS, B.C.’S LEADING ENVIRONMENTAL GROUPS ARE LARGELY ON SIDE.>>HISTORICALLY, GOVERNMENTS HAVE BEEN ABYSMAL AT SELLING PROVINCES ON CLIMATE CHANGE AND I THINK WHAT IS REALLY IMPORTANT ABOUT THIS PLAN, IT HAS ACCOUNTABILITY MEASURES.>>Reporter: TODAY’S PLAN ALSO MAKES IT CLEAR WHO WILL LOSE. PEOPLE WHO DRIVE LARGE GAS GUZZLING VEHICLES AND THOSE IN OLDER HOMES. OTHER PROVINCES WILL BE WATCHING THE B.C. EXPERIMENT CLOSELY TO SEE WHETHER IT’S POSSIBLE TO CREATE A LOW CARBON ECONOMY WITHOUT A HIGH AMOUNT OF PAIN.>>Ian: ENVIRONMENT CANADA HAS A LOT OF GREEN INITIATIVES AS WELL, BUT WHAT YOU SEE HERE ISN’T ONE OF THEM. THOUSANDS OF WEATHER BALLOONS GO UP EVERY YEAR AND THEN COME DOWN CARRYING POTENTIALLY TOXIC WASTE. ALMOST NONE OF IT IS EVER RECOVERED.>>Reporter: AT THIS WEATHER STATION IN THE FAR NORTH, AN IMPORTANT DAILY TASK. THAT WEATHER BALLOON WILL KEEP CLIMBING AND TRAVEL FAR INTO THE UPPER ATMOSPHERE, CARRYING WITH IT A RADIO SOUND. ITS SENSORS READY TO CAPTURE DATA, A SENATE SHOT OF THE ATMOSPHERE — SNAPSHOT OF THE ATMOSPHERE.>>WHEN HURRICANE FLORENCE WAS COMING UP THE U.S. COAST, THEY ACTUALLY CALLED US AND ASKED US TO DO EXTRA SOUNDINGS ON THE EAST COAST TO HELP WITH THE FORECASTING OF WHERE FLORENCE WAS GOING TO TURN.>>Reporter: THE BALLOON IS METICULOUS, DOWN TO A SCIENCE. IT HAS TO BE. IT’S DONE AT 30 SITES ACROSS CANADA, TWICE A DAY, YEAR ROUND. BUT THE SOUNDS ARE PLASTIC AND THE CIRCUIT BOARDS BATTERY POWERED. THEY CAN LAND ANYWHERE AND SIT THERE. MORE THAN 22,000 DUMPS OF E WASTE A YEAR, ENVIRONMENT CANADA DOESN’T TRY TO RETRIEVE THEM. NOT GREAT FOR A DEPARTMENT FOCUSED ON REDUCING POLLUTION, NOT CREATING IT.>>THIS IS WHERE THE — >>Reporter: THIS PROFESSOR WHO STUDIES WAYS TO RECYCLE THE WASTE SAYS MORE COULD BE DONE. OTHERS TRY TO RECOVER THEIR WEATHER DEVICES.>>MAYBE HALF OF IT WOULD BE SUCCESS. AS OPPOSED TO DO NOTHING.>>Reporter: AS FOR ENVIRONMENT CANADA, IT SAYS IT’S A TRADEOFF, CRUCIAL DATA FOR A SMALL AMOUNT OF E WASTE. IT WANTS TO PICK UP THE DEVICES, BUT THERE IS A PROBLEM, CANADA IS HUGE.>>IT’S JUST VERY COSTLY. WE’D BE RENTING HELICOPTERS OR TAKING SNOWMOBILES OUT IN THE MIDDLE OF NOWHERE.>>Reporter: FOR NOW, THE DEVICES ONLY HAVE A PHONE NUMBER IF YOU FIND ONE. THE DEPARTMENT SAYS THE PHONE RARELY RINGS.>>Adrienne: TURNING NOW TO THE LATEST ON MONTREAL BOXER ADONIS STEVENSON. HE REMAINS IN CRITICAL CONDITION IN HOSPITAL WITH A SEVERE BRAIN INJURY.>>WE’VE PASSED THE CRITICAL PHASE WHICH WHICH HOPE WILL BE PASSED AT THE END OF THE WEEK AND THEN WE WILL DECREASE THE SEDATION AND DRUGS WE GIVE HIM.>>Adrienne: THE 41-YEAR-OLD WENT DOWN HARD IN A TOUGH MATCH AGAINST A MUCH YOUNGER OPPONENT, TAKING SEVERAL PUNCHES TO THE HEAD. BUT EVEN WITH HIS LONG HISTORY IN THE RING, DOCTORS DIDN’T FIND A HISTORY OF BRAIN TRAUMA.>>HE IS A HEALTHY MAN AND WE DIDN’T SUSPECT ANY DAMAGE TO HIS BRAIN PRIOR TO THIS INJURY.>>Reporter: THAT SAID, HIS DOCTOR CAUTIONED IT’S TOO EARLY TO MAKE A LONG-TERM PROGNOSIS.>>>IN THIS SPORT, BOXING COMES WITH RISKS, BUT ARE THE DANGERS AVOIDABLE? WHAT MAKES BOXING APPEAL TO SOME AND WHAT CAN BE DONE TO MAKE IT SAFER?>>Reporter: SULLY’S BOXING GYM IN TORONTO. FOR THE LAST 26 YEARS, FORMER CANADIAN HEAVY WEIGHT CHAMPION TONY MORRISON HAS BEEN TRAINING BOXERS HERE.>>EXCITEMENT, FUN, TRAVELLING, BEATING PEOPLE UP IN THE RING, MAN. YOU CAN BEAT SOMEONE UP.>>Reporter: MORRISON FOUGHT PROFESSIONALLY FOR EIGHT YEARS AND KNOCKED OUT LEON SPINKS.>>YOU DON’T GO IN THERE TO KILL PEOPLE, BUT THAT GUY IS TRYING TO KILL YOU. AS A PROFESSIONAL BOXER, THAT’S YOUR MONEY.>>Reporter: DOES BOXING NEED TO CHANGE TO GET SAFER?>>I DON’T THINK IF YOU CAN CHANGE BOXING. THERE IS SO MUCH MONEY IN THE MARKET. MAYBE WE CAN REDUCE THE ROUNDS TO 10 ROUNDS.>>Reporter: THE OTHER THING MORRISON STRESSES ABOUT SAFETY, BOXERS HAVE TO BE IN TOP SHAPE. THAT’S WHY THIS MAN COMES TO SULLIES.>>WOULD YOU CHANGE IT.>>FOR THE SAFETY OF PEOPLE, YES. BUT AT THE SAME TIME AS A BOXER, YOU KNOW WHAT YOU’RE GETTING INTO. THE MAIN THING IS TO GET OUT OF THE WAY. BUT IT’S PART OF THE SPORT, GETTING KNOCKED OUT.>>Reporter: WHILE SHE ADMITS SHE’S NOT READY TO FIGHT, 18-YEAR-OLD CAN’T WAIT.>>SAY, OKAY, LET’S MAKE THE GLOVES MORE PADDED, WEAR HEAD GEAR. AT THE END OF THE DAY, YOU’RE PUNCHING A HUMAN BEING TO THE HEAD. IT’S NEVER GOING TO BE SAFE.>>Reporter: HE IS EXCITED TO START HIS BOXING CAREER. MAKES HE WONDER IF ALL THE PUNCHES AND KNOCKOUTS WILL BE OVER.>>IF YOU COULD DO IT ALL OVER AGAIN, WOULD YOU BOX?>>HELL NO. I WOULDN’T PUT GLOVES ON. I WATCH BASEBALL PLAYER. IF YOU CONDITION YOURSELF, WHY BOX? NO ONE IS GOING TO PUNCH YOU IN YOUR FACE.>>Adrienne: SO ALL OF THIS HAS RESULTED IN RENEWED CALLS TO BAN BOXING OUTRIGHT, ESPECIALLY FROM THOSE IN THE MEDICAL COMMUNITY WHO FOR DECADES SAID IT’S JUST TOO DANGEROUS. AND SOME COUNTRIES HAVE BANNED PROFESSIONAL BOXING, ONLY TO REALLOW IT LATER WITH STRICT GUIDELINES. NORWAY’S BAN WAS OVERTURNED UNDER THE CONDITION THAT FIGHTERS GET MORE CHECKUPS. SWEDEN REALLOWED IT IN 2007, PROVIDED FIGHTS BE ONLY FOUR ROUNDS TO REDUCE THE RISK OF SERIOUS INJURY. SO THE SWEDES HAVE SHORTER FIGHTS. SOME TRAINERS THINK THAT’S A GOOD IDEA. AND SO DOES ONE OF THE RING DOCTORS AT THAT STEPHENSON FIGHT.>>CHAMPIONSHIP MATCHUP, WE WENT FROM 15 TO 12. WHAT ABOUT GOING DOWN TO 10? IF THE DOCTOR IN CHARGE COULD STOP THE FIGHT, USUALLY, IT HAS TO GO THROUGH THE REFEREE BEFORE. BUT I WONDER IF IT’S POSSIBLE FOR THE DOCTOR TO CALL AN END TO A FIGHT IF HE ASSESSES THAT ONE GUY IS IN TROUBLE, SO TO SPEAK?>>Adrienne: THE DOCTOR HAS SEEN THE DANGERS OF THE SPORT. HE WAS THE RING DOCTOR AT THE FIGHT OF DAVID WHIT TOM WHO DIED AFTER THE FIGHT.>>Ian: IT HAPPENED AT THIS BUILDING, THREE OFFICES INSIDE, AND THE WEST SIDE OF VANCOUVER EVACUATED EARLIER TODAY. WE’RE TOLD TWO OF THE PATIENTS WERE TAKEN TO HOSPITAL IN CRITICAL CONDITION. STAFF WERE ALLOWED BACK INSIDE A FEW HOURS LATER WITH THE DOORS LEFT OPEN. THE CITY IS GOING THROUGH A COLD SNAP AND A DOCTOR AT VANCOUVER GENERAL SAYS THERE HAVE BEEN MANY OTHER CASES OF POISONING FROM FAULTY HEATERS. HE IMPLORED PEOPLE TO GET CARBON MONOXIDE DETECTORS.>>Adrienne: THEY USED TO SMOKE IN SCHOOL BATHROOMS, NOW TEENAGERS ARE HOOKED ON VAPING. THE RISKS AND WHAT IS BEING DONE TO STOP THEM.>>Ian: A LOOK AT A VIEW VERY FEW HAVE SEEN. WHY SCIENTISTS ARE KEEPING AN EYE ON A VOLCANO IN B.C.>>IT JUST DROPS AWAY. THIS IS SPECTACULAR. IT’S NOT OFTEN THAT YOU GET TO SEE UNDERNEATHUAWEI HUE >>Adrienne: ELECTRONIC CIGARETTES WERE MEANT TO HELP PEOPLE QUIT SMOKING, BUT IT SEEMS TEENS ARE TAKING UP VAPING AT AN ALARMING RATE. CHRISTINE BIRAK LOOKS AT AN ACTIVITY THAT IS TRENDING.>>THIS IS AN ISSUE. STUDENTS ARE VAPING REGULARLY.>>Reporter: THEY’RE LOCKING UP BATHROOMS, HANDING OUT SUSPENSIONS AND SEIZING E CIGARETTES, VAPES AND JUULS ACROSS THE COUNTRY. YES, THEY’RE ILLEGAL FOR YOUNG PEOPLE, BUT NEW ADS, NEW TRICKS POSTED ON SOCIAL MEDIA, AND THE FRUITY CHEMICALS FUELING THE DEVICES.>>I LIKES PIZZA. AND MANGO.>>NOT A LOT OF HARM.>>Reporter: WHAT HE DOESN’T KNOW IS VIRTUALLY EVERY E-CIGARETTE CONTAINS NICOTINE.>>I SAW A GUY THROW UP ALL OVER THE WALLS. HE LOOKED IN A BAD STATE. I KNOW IT WAS VAPING.>>Reporter: THEY CALL IT NICKED OUT. WHILE IT TOOK DECADES TO BRING THE SMOKING RATE DOWN TO 6%, A RECENT SURVEY FOUND AFTER A FEW YEARS ON THE MARKET, NEARLY 15% OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS IN GRADES 10-12 HAS VAPED IN THE LAST 30 DAYS. A NUMBER THAT IS EXPECTED TO SPIKE HIGHER. IN THE U.S., IT’S UPWARDS OF 20%. AND EXPERTS KNOW WHY.>>ONE OF THE PODS HAS AS MUCH NICOTINE IN IT AS A WHOLE PACK OF CIGARETTES.>>Reporter: THIS TOBACCO RESEARCHER SAYS E-CIGARETTES WERE TO HELP SMOKERS QUIT BURNING CIGARETTES. ALL OF THE DEVICES HEAT UP CHEMICALS, INCLUDING NICOTINE, TO CREATE AN AEROSOL THAT IS TO SATISFY THEIR CRAVING. BUT TO DATE, THERE IS LITTLE EVIDENCE TO SHOW THESE DEVICES ARE WORKING WELL.>>WE’RE SEEING SOME SMOKERS SWITCHING TO VAPING, BUT MOST SMOKERS WHO TRY VAPING DON’T SUCCEED IN QUITTING. THEY BECOME DUAL USERS OR REVERT TO SMOKING CIGARETTES EXCLUSIVELY.>>Reporter: THE LONG-TERM AFFECTS OF VAPING WON’T BE KNOWN FOR DECADES. IT CAN HARM THE BRAIN AND LEAD TO BREATHING PROBLEMS.>>WE KNOW THAT KIDS WHO VAPE HAVE ALMOST TWICE THE AMOUNT OF CHRONIC COUGH AND WHEEZE. AND OUR STUDY SHOWS RESPIRATORY SYMPTOMS AMONG ADULTS.>>Reporter: IN THE U.S., TEEN VAPING RATES ARE AN EPIDEMIC AND THESE ADS ARE MEANT TO REACH KIDS.>>IT CAN RELEASE DANGEROUS CHEMICALS INTO YOUR BRAIN.>>Reporter: THEY’VE INSISTED THEY WOULD LIKE TO SEE IF SMOKERS SWITCH TO VAPING BECAUSE IT’S LESS HARMFUL.>>WHAT WE’RE DOING IS TRYING TO KEEP A CLOSE EYE ON THE MARKET TO GET A SENSE IF WE’RE IN THE RIGHT PLACE.>>Reporter: AN OLD ADDICTION, QUIETLY RELEASED ON A NEW GENERATION.>>Adrienne: THERE ARE TEENS WHO FIND THIS APPEALING, SEEM TO THINK IT SAFE. THE GOVERNMENT WATCHING THIS HAPPENING. WHAT IS IT DOING?>>IN TERMS OF PUBLIC EDUCATION, NOT REALLY MUCH. WE’RE TOLD A CAMPAIGN WARNING TEAM IS COMING, MAYBE SOMETIME THIS MONTH, BUT NEW VAPING STATS ARE COMING SOON. THAT 14.6%, WAS THE LATEST SURVEY, BUT FROM LAST YEAR. THAT’S BEFORE VAPE PRODUCTS WERE LEGAL AND HEAVILY MARKETED. RESEARCHERS ARE SAYING THERE MAY BE AN UPTICK IN YOUTH CIGARETTE SMOKING. WHICH WOULD BE A MAJOR FAIL.>>Adrienne: THERE HAVE TO BE PEOPLE SAYING THIS IS NOT GOOD ENOUGH >>Reporter: RESEARCHERS THINK THAT HEALTH CANADA SHOULD BAN ADVERTISING OF ALL VAPING PRODUCTS. WHY ARE WE PUTTING KIDS AT RISK WHEN VAPING MIGHT LEAVE THEM STRUGGLING WITH AN ADDICTION FOR DECADES TO COME? AND THE TEEN YOU SAW IN THE PIECE SAID HE FEELS LIKE WE’RE GOING BACK IN TIME.>>Adrienne: THANK YOU VERY MUCH.>>Ian: UP NEXT ON “THE NATIONAL”, A LOOK AT BELGIUM’S COLONIAL PAST AND THE PEOPLE WHO SAY IT HAUNTS THE COUNTRY TODAY.>>I WORK HERE. I AM IN MY COUNTRY. AND I’ BELGIUM REOPENS ITS CONTROVERSIAL MUSEUM. AFTER A FIVE-YEAR MAKEOVER, THE AIM WAS TO CONFRONT THE COLONIAL PAST AND VEER AWAY FROM STEREOTYPES ABOUT AFRICANS. NOW COMES WORDS THIS MAN, THE KING, HEAD OF STATE, WON’T ATTEND THE OPENING CEREMONY. HE WANTS TO AVOID THE GROWING DEBATE OVER ARTIFACTS TAKEN FROM FORMER COLONIES AND WHETHER THEY SHOULD BE RETURNED. OVERALL, HIS ANCESTOR OVERSAW THE PLUNDER OF THE CONGO AND GREW RICH ON THE SLAVE LABOUR. THE KING’S DISCOMFORT IS REFLECTED IN MANY OF THE SUBJECTS. BELGIUM IS WILLFULLY BLIND TO ITS OWN HISTORY. A STUBBORN RACISM WOVEN INTO ITS FABRIC. TONIGHT, WE TALK TO BELGIANS ABOUT THE HUMAN COST OF THE LEGACY. IN THIS THEY ASKS WHAT WILL IT TAKE TO LEAVE IT BEHIND? [ * ]>>WHAT IS IT TO BE A GOOD BELGIAN IN 2018? I DON’T KNOW WHAT IT MEANS. MAYBE COULD BE WISE TO HAVE BLUE EYES AND BLOND HAIR.>>29-YEAR-OLD CECILE IS NOT EASILY FORGOTTEN. SHE ANSWERS TO ALL WITH EASE, YET WHEN SHE LOOKS IN THE MIRROR, SHE CAN FIND HERSELF STRUGGLING FOR PLACE IN THE COUNTRY OF HER BIRTH.>>I DON’T KNOW WHY IT IS. ME, I REALLY FEEL BELGIAN. DEEPLY BELGIAN. I AM SUPPORTIVE AND I LIKE BEER. [LAUGHTER] >>Reporter: SHE DELIVERS THE WEATHER REPORT FOR THE PUBLIC BROADCASTER. BORN IN BRUSSELS TO AN GOLAN AND CONGOLESE PARENTS, SHE USED HUMOUR TO DEAL WITH INSULTS. BUT THE INSULTS HAVE GROWN AND THIS SUMMER, SOMETHING BROKE.>>THIS WOMAN CALLED TO SAY I WAS TOO DARK AND SHE CAN’T SEE ME ON TV. AND I WAS LIKE, IT’S CRAZY.>>Reporter: AT FIRST, SHE TRIED TO SHRUG IT OFF, BUT IT WAS ONE INSULT TOO MANY.>>NO MORE. I WORK HERE. I AM IN MY COUNTRY. I AM BELGIAN. AND I’M FED UP OF THIS SHIT, I’M SORRY.>>Reporter: SO SHE POSTED A VIDEO ONLINE.>>>>Reporter: IT WAS RAW AND EMOTIONAL AND BLEW THE LID OFF THE NOT SO QUIET RACISM THAT HAS BEEN ALLOWED TO FESTER IN BELGIUM.>>Reporter: A SMALL NEIGHBOURHOOD IN THE HEART OF BRUSSELS, NAMED AFTER A DISTRICT IN THE YEARS JUST BEFORE WHAT WAS THEN CALLED THE BELGIAN CONGO GAINED ITS INDEPENDENCE IN 1960. IMMIGRATION FROM THE FORMER COLONIES, INCLUDING RWANDA AND BURUNDI WAS NEVER ENCOURAGED, BUT THE CENTRAL AFRICAN COMMUNITY HERE NUMBERS WELL OVER 100,000 PEOPLE. CRITICS SAY MANY SCHOOL CHILDREN TODAY HAVE NO IDEA BELGIUM EVEN HAD A PRESENCE IN AFRICA, UNLESS THEY HAPPENED TO BE FANS OF THE COMIC BOOK HERO, TINTIN, THE BOY TRAVELLING THE GLOBE. PENNED IN THE 1930s. THERE WAS A MOVE A FEW YEARS AGO TO HAVE TINTIN REMOVED FROM THE SHELVES BECAUSE OF THE RACIST STEREOTYPING, BUT IT’S STILL REALLY EASY TO PICK UP PRETTY MUCH ANYWHERE.>>WHEN I WAS AT SCHOOL, I WAS NEVER TAUGHT ABOUT THE HISTORY OF CONGO. EVEN THOUGH IT’S SO CLOSE LINKED TO THE BELGIAN HISTORY. AND FOREVER WILL BE.>>Reporter: MUSICIAN GOES BY THE STAGE NAME TAN, HE WAS BORN IN CONGO IN 1985 AND MOVED HIS FAMILY TO BELGIUM WHEN HE WAS 6.>>MY MOM WAS THE ONLY BLACK WOMAN IN THE NEIGHBOURHOOD, SO WE DEFINITELY WERE THE KIDS FROM CONGO. THEN WHEN I WENT BACK TO CONGO THE FIRST TIME IN 2013, ALL OF A SUDDEN, I REALIZED I WAS THE BELGIAN GUY AND THE WHITE GUY.>>Reporter: HE EMBRACES BOTH SIDES OF HIS HERITAGE. THE FACT THAT BELGIUM ITSELF CAN’T SEEM TO DO IT, TROUBLES HIM.>>I DON’T KNOW IF BELGIUM IS GOING TO CHANGE, BUT BELGIUM IS FACING SORT OF A DEADLINE.>>Reporter: ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF BRUSSELS, A MONUMENT TO A DISTORTED HISTORY STILL STANDS. THE ROOTS OF THE ROYAL MUSEUM FOR CENTRAL AFRICA DATE BACK TO 1897, A SHOWCASE FOR THE BELGIAN KING LEOPOLD THE II. THERE IS NO GREATER SYMBOL OF BELGIUM’S FAILURE TO ADDRESS THE DARK CHAPTERS OF ITS PAST.>>WE HAVE ONE GALLERY, FOR EXAMPLE, WITH THE NAMES OF THE 1600 BELGIANS THAT DIED BETWEEN 1876 AND THE EARLY 20S CENTURY IN THE CONGO FREE STATE. THERE IS NOT A MENTION ABOUT THE CONGOLESE VICTIMS OF COLONIZATION.>>Reporter: THIS MAN IS PROMISING TO DELIVER A MORE HONEST NARRATIVE WHEN THE MUSEUM REOPENS ITS DOORS AFTER A FIVE-YEAR RENOVATION.>>WAS NOT THE STORY OF BRINGING CIVILIZATION. IT WAS NOT A STORY OF ELIMINATING THE SLAVE TRADE. IT WAS A STORY OF BRUTAL CAPITALISM LOOKING FOR RESOURCES, LOOKING FOR PROFITS.>>Reporter: THE SPOILS OF THAT BLUNDER CAN BE SEEN IN GRAND BRUSH STROKES ACROSS BRUSSELS. TOWERING EDIFICES SHOWING OFF LEOPOLD’S WEALTH, PAID WITH THE BLOOD OF SUBJECTS. MILLIONS OF CONGOLESE ARE BELIEVED TO PARISH WHEN HE RAN IT AS A PRIVATE ENTERPRISE. RUSHING TO EXTRACT IVORY. CHOPPING OFF LIMBS IF QUOTAS WEREN’T MET. THESE HORRORS ARE VEILED FROM ORDINARY BELGIANS, SEEMS EXTRAORDINARY. AN ENTIRE NATION SUCCUMBING TO A COLLECTIVE AMNESIA.>>IN THIS MUSEUM, IF YOU GET THE IMPRESSION THAT AFRICANS DON’T HAVE CULTURE OF THEIR OWN, THEY’RE ONE PEOPLE, THAT THE EUROPEAN VIEW IS SUPERIOR TO THE AFRICAN VIEW, YOU CAN’T BE SURPRISED THAT HAS IMPACT ON THE ATTITUDES OF THIS PEOPLE WHO THEN LATER ON IN DAY-TO-DAY LIFE THEY HAVE TO WORK AND MEET AFRICANS. SO WE ASSUME OUR RESPONSIBILITY THERE.>>Reporter: WHETHER TO ENGAGE WITH THE MUSEUM AS IT TRIES TO REFORM AND RE-BRAND HAS BEEN A DIFFICULT QUESTION FOR MANY IN THE CENTRAL AFRICAN COMMUNITY. CAMPAIGNER SAYS TRUE CONTRITION FOR THE WRONGS OF THE PAST WOULD BE TO RETURN ALL OF THE CULTURAL ARTIFACTS TAKEN OUT OF COLONIAL AFRICA AND LINING THE SHELVES.>>Reporter: OTHERS, INCLUDING THIS ARTIST, BELIEVE THEY MUST ENGAGE. HE WON A COMPETITION TO DESIGN THE ART INSTALLATION. IT WILL SERVE AS A CONTRAST TO STATUES IN PLACE FOR THE OLD ERA. HE SAYS HE HAD DOUBTS ABOUT TAKING PART.>>Reporter: AND THERE ARE SIGNS OF CHANGE IN BELGIUM. SMALL THOUGH THEY MAY BE. THERE IS A SQUARE TO PATRICE LUMUMBA. THE ROLE IN HIS ASSASSINATION ACKNOWLEDGED. THERE IS A NEW MAYOR. A MAN EVERYONE WANTS TO SAY HELLO TO. PIERRE KOMPANY WAS JUST ELECTED BELGIUM’S FIRST BLACK MAYOR. BETTER KNOWN NOW PERHAPS THAN EVEN HIS SON VINCENT, THE FORMER CAPTAIN OF THE SOCCER TEAM.>>IT’S NEVER HAPPENED. WE’RE ALL HAPPY. CONGRATULATIONS TO MY DAD.>>Reporter: KOMPANY SENIOR ARRIVED IN BELGIUM IN 1975, A REFUGEE FLEEING CONGO’S DICTATORSHIP. HE PREFERS NOT TO DWELL ON DIVISION, BUT HE SAYS UNDERSTANDING THE PAST IS KEY TO OVERCOMING THEM.>>Reporter: TIME, IN OTHER WORDS, FOR THE VEIL TO BE LIFTED AND NEW LINES TO BE DRAWN IN BELGIUM.>>I THINK WE ARE WRITING A NEW PAGE OF BELGIUM AND WE ARE, IT’S NEXT GENERATION, IT’S OUR WORLD TO WRITE WHAT IS TO BE BELGIAN TODAY.>>Reporter: BELGIUM MUST FIRST ACKNOWLEDGE ITS PAST. AND ATONEMENT IS STILL A LONG WAY OFF. MARGARET EVANS, CBC NEWS, BRUSSELS.>>Ian: UP NEXT, A LOOK AT AN EYE POPPING JOURNEY THROUGH B.C.’S MAJESTIC TERRAIN. YOU’LL TRAVEL WITH VOLCANO WATCHERS AS THEY FIND SIGNS OF DISASTER.>>THERE IS A TRUE VALUE IN TRYING TO UNDERSTAND WHAT IS HAPPENING STORIES. REACTION TO NEWS THAT THE CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER OF CHINESE TECH GIANT HUAWEI IS BEING DETAINED IN VANCOUVER. WANZHOU MENG WAS TAKEN INTO CUSTODY ON SATURDAY. SHE IS SOUGHT FOR EXTRADITION BY THE UNITED STATES AND THAT A BAIL HEARING IS SET FOR FRIDAY. IN A STATEMENT, HUAWEI SAYS THE COMPANY HAS BEEN PROVIDED VERY LITTLE INFORMATION REGARDING THE CHARGES AND IS NOT AWARE OF WRONGDOING BY MS. MENG.>>WE’RE NOT OUT OF THE WOODS AT THIS POINT, WE NEED THE SUN TO COME OUT AND BURN OFF SOME OF THE FROST.>>Ian: AND THAT FROST IS WHAT SASKATCHEWAN OFFICIALS SAY CAUSED A MAJOR POWER OUTAGE IN THE PROVINCE YESTERDAY. BUT A UTILITIES EXPERT THAT SPOKE TO CBC QUESTIONS THAT, SAYING THE SYSTEM SHOULD HANDLE FROST ACCUMULATION. UP TO 200,000 CUSTOMERS WERE AFFECTED BY THE BLACKOUT. SASKATCHEWAN’S LARGEST SINCE 1981.>>>AFTER WEEKS OF VIOLENT PROTESTS AND RIOTING, FRANCE IS ABANDONING A PROPOSED FUEL TAX INCREASE. THE PRIME MINISTER SAID NO TAX IS WORTH PUTTING THE UNITY OF THE NATION AT RISK. JUST YESTERDAY THE GOVERNMENT ANNOUNCED IT WAS SUSPENDING THE INCREASE FOR SIX MONTHS, BUT THAT WASN’T ENOUGH TO QUELL ANGER. BREWING BENEATH THE SURFACE OF A MOUNTAIN RANGE, RESEARCHERS FROM SIMON FRASER UNIVERSITY ARE KEEPING ANXIOUS WATCH AND OUR JOURNALISTS ARE THE FIRST TO RECORD THEIR WORK. THE SCIENTISTS ARGUE IT’S DESTABILIZING. MT. MEAGER SHOWS SIGNS OF DANGEROUS THINGS TO COME.>>Reporter: THIS IS THE BRITISH COLUMBIA THAT IS FAMILIAR AROUND THE WORLD. STUNNING PEAKS, DEEP VALLEYS, THE COASTAL RANGE THAT HAS BEEN LABELLED SUPERNATURAL. BUT THERE IS A LURKING THREAT HIDING AMONGST THE MOUNTAINS AND ALL THAT ICE.>>Reporter: WE’VE FLOWN HERE TO MT. MEAGER NORTHWEST OF WHITTLER, WHERE SCIENTISTS ARE ON A RISKY MISSION TO A RUMBLING GIANT, A VOLCANO THAT IS CRACKING APART WEAN AS WE ARRIVE. — EVEN AS WE ARRIVE.>>THE GASES ARE WATER VAPOR, CARBON MONOXIDE AND SULPHUR DIOXIDE.>>Reporter: HE’S WARNING THEM ABOUT THE GASES SPEWING FROM A FUMAROLE. WILLIAMS-JONES LEADS US TO THE EDGE. OUR GUIDES HELP ANCHOR US SO WE WON’T SLIP INTO THE HOLE WHERE THE GAS IS SO CONCENTRATED IT COULD KILL US. COMING HERE IS THE ONLY WAY TO ANSWER THE QUESTION WHEN WILL CATASTROPHE STRIKE?>>THIS BIG MASSIVE MOUNTAIN HAS BEEN GROWING FOR TWO MILLION YEARS AND OVER THAT TIME PERIOD, WE’VE HAD ALL OF THESE GASES AND ACID FLUIDS COMING THROUGH THE ROCK AND SLOWLY BUT SURELY CHANGING THAT TO ROCK.>>MT. MEAGER’S ERUPTION OVER 2400 YEARS AGO, IS A BLINK OF AN EYE FOR THOSE WHO STUDY VOLCANOS. IT WAS COMPARABLE TO THE EXPLOSION OF MOUNT ST. HELENS. 57 PEOPLE DIED WHEN THE NORTH BASE OF THE MOUNTAIN COLLAPSED, ALLOWING THE VOLCANO TO EXPLODE. THOSE IMAGES OF DESTRUCTION WEIGH ON THE MIND OF WILLIAMS-JONES AS HE SETS UP HIS EQUIPMENT. TO MEASURE THE THINGS HE CAN’T SEE. THE INVISIBLE FUMES. THE FUMES ARE BAD. THEY SMELL LIKE ROTTEN EGGS, BUT A BIGGER PROBLEM FOR WILLIAMS-JONES IS HOW MUCH THE FUMAROLES HAVE GROWN IN THE TWO YEARS SINCE THE GLACIERS RETREAT. AS THE ICE SHRINKS, HIS CONCERN GROWS.>>WE HAVE TAKEN THE TOP OFF THE PRESSURE COOKER. SO IT’S HIGHLY THEORETICAL, BUT IT’S IMPORTANT. NOT JUST AN ESOTERIC ACADEMIC EXERCISE, THERE IS A TRUE VALUE IN TRYING TO UNDERSTAND WHAT IS HAPPENING HERE, WHAT ARE THE CHANGES, SO THAT PEOPLE CAN PREPARE.>>Reporter: THERE ARE ACTUALLY THREE FUMAROLES HERE AND AS WILLIAMS-JONES STEPS TOWARD ANOTHER ONE. AN ALARM STOPS US COLD.>>Reporter: THERE IS HYDROGEN SULFIDE HERE, BUT NOT ENOUGH TO KEEP HE AND HIS GUIDE FROM A DISCOVERY. THEY SAY IT’S TOO DANGEROUS FOR US, SO WILLIAMS-JONES AGREES TO WEAR A CAMERA ON HIS HELMET AS HE PEERS OVER THE EDGE.>>WE’LL SEE WHAT WE CAN SEE. IT JUST DROPS AWAY.>>Reporter: MELTING GLACIER ICE HAS CARVED OUT A CAVE, ALLOWING THE SCIENTISTS TO SEE DEEPER UNDER THE ICE THAN EVER BEFORE. THEY USE A PRIMITIVE TOOL. A ROCK. TO GET A SENSE OF THE DEPTH.>>30, 40 METRES MAYBE.>>THIS IS SPECTACULAR. IT’S NOT OFTEN THAT YOU GET TO SEE UNDERNEATH THE BOTTOM OF THE GLACIER.>>Reporter: IT’S YET ANOTHER ALARMING INDICATION HOW THE MOUNTAIN IS BECOMING UNSTABLE AND EVER CLOSER TO CRASHING DOWN. AND THAT’S WHERE THIS STUDENT COMES IN. HE IS HIKING LOOKING FOR TROUBLE.>>USING FIELD BASE TECHNIQUE, WE WERE ABLE TO MAP NUMEROUS LANDSLIDES. ONE OF THE MOST CONCERNING IS RIGHT THERE.>>Reporter: HE IS POINTING TO A CRACK IN THIS MASSIVE ROCK FACE. IT’S MOVING AND DEEPENING BY CENTIMETRES EACH MONTH.>>IT’S LIKELY THIS WILL SOON GENERATE A BIG EVENT.>>Reporter: THE EVENT AS HE CALLS IT, COULD BE DEVASTATING AND HE DOESN’T EVEN HAVE TO IMAGINE THE IMPACT OF A LANDSLIDE. ALL HE HAS TO DO IS LOOK BACK ON WHAT HAPPENED EIGHT YEARS AGO. IT WAS THE BIGGEST LANDSLIDE IN CANADIAN HISTORY. THE DEBRIS TRAVELLED 13 KILOMETRES DESTROYING BRIDGES, ROADS AND EQUIPMENT. SEISMIC WAVES FELT AS FAR AS WASHINGTON STATE AND ALASKA.>>THINGS ARE CHANGING WAY FASTER.>>Reporter: THIS SLIDE WILL HAPPEN HE SAYS, AND SOON. AND IT WILL BE MUCH BIGGER.>>SO IF THERE IS 1,000 LANDSLIDES, THIS ONE IS ABOUT TEN TIMES BIGGER AND THIS ONE COULD GO 20, 30 KILOMETRES AND EVENTUALLY, DOWN STREAM.>>Reporter: THE SCIENTISTS HERE AGREE, THE RISK TO HUMAN LIFE IS UNACCEPTABLE. THEY WANT PERMANENT MONITORING EQUIPMENT PLACED HERE TO WARN OF TREMORS, LANDSLIDES AND THE REMOTE CHANCE OF VOLCANIC ACTIVITY. RIGHT NOW GOVERNMENT IS NOT PREPARED TO PAY.>>IF WE HAD THE BUDGETS, WE COULD DO ORDERS OF MAGNITUDE MORE ON THIS SYSTEM. AND IT’S NOT — IT’S BOTH TRYING TO UNDERSTAND THE BASIC FUNDAMENTAL SCIENTIFIC QUESTIONS, BUT ALSO TRYING TO UNDERSTAND THE HAZARD IMPLICATIONS, HAVING ACTIVE MONITORING AND AN ALARM SYSTEM SO WE CAN RESPOND.>>Reporter: THE GHOSTLY CHURN OF GAS AND STEAM WILL CONTINUE AS WILL THE SLOW DISAPPEARANCE OF THE GLACIER. AS THE TEAM DEPARTS WITH FRESH DATA TO STUDY, THE WORRIES REMAIN.>>Ian: THERE ARE FIVE POTENTIALLY VOLCANO AREAS IN CANADA. ALL OF THEM IN BRITISH COLUMBIA AND YUKON. THE BEST KNOWN ALONG WITH MT. MEAGER ARE MOUNT GARIBALDI AND MOUNT CAYLEY, ALL IN SOUTHWEST BRITISH COLUMBIA.>>NEXT ON “THE NATIONAL”, IT ALL STARTED WITH A LETTER SENT BY FAX FROM A CANADIAN TO THE LATE U.S. PRESIDENT, GEORGE H.W. BUSH. AN UNLIKELY FRIENDSHIP BORN OUT OF THE LOVE OF FISHING. THAT IS OUR “MOMENT OF THE DAY”.>>IT ACTUALLY BECAME A LITTLE IMPORTANT PART OF OUR CHRISTMAS TRADITION, TO GET THE PRESIDENT A GIFT. A FISHING GIFT. I SENT HIM FISH SOCKS>>Adrienne: IT IS HARD TO REMOVE THE POLITICS FROM THE LEGACY OF GEORGE H.W. BUSH, SOMETHING EVEN HIS FUNERAL COULDN’T AVOID, AS WE SAW EARLIER IN THE PROGRAMME. FOR ONE CANADIAN, THE POLITICAL WASN’T THE POINT, BECAUSE HE AND THE 41st U.S. PRESIDENT HAD FORMED AN UNLIKELY FRIENDSHIP. FOR ARTHUR MILNE IT STARTED IN 1997 WHEN HE WORKED AS AN EDITOR OF A SMALL TOWN PAPER IN THE NORTHWEST TERRITORIES. THAT’S WHEN HE LEARNED THAT THE FORMER U.S. PRESIDENT HAD MADE A FISHING TRIP TO CANADA’S NORTH. SO HE DID WHAT PERHAPS FEW WOULD DO, ASKED THE FORMER PRESIDENT TO WRITE A COLUMN.>>I’M 15 KILOMETRES NORTH OF EDMONTON AND I HAVE SOMETHING FROM THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IN MY HAND. SO I HAD NOT EVEN READ IT HARDLY AND I PHONED THE NUMBER ON THE FAX. THE PHONE WAS ANSWERED AND THE VOICE SAID, “BUSH RESIDENCE.” I SAID, HI. I’M ARTHUR MILNE. THEN THE VOICE SAID, OH, THE CANADIAN EDITOR. I WILL PUT YOU RIGHT THROUGH TO THE PRESIDENT. PRESIDENT BUSH CAME ON. HE GOT RIGHT DOWN TO BUSINESS. HE SAID, “ARTHUR, I SENT YOU THE COLUMN YOU WANTED. DO YOU THINK IT’S OKAY?” I WOULD SEND HIM A FISHING LURE EVERY YEAR FOR CHRISTMAS. IT BECAME AN IMPORTANT PART OF OUR CHRISTMAS TRADITION IT DEMONSTRATED TO ME, EVEN THE MOST POWERFUL PEOPLE ARE PEOPLE FIRST.>>Ian: PART OF WHAT IS SO CHARMING ABOUT THIS IS THE WINDOW INTO THEIR PERSONALITIES. WHAT A FANTASTIC GUY ARTHUR SEEMS TO BE. AND YOU THINK ABOUT PRESIDENTS, HOW CAREFULLY CRAFTED THEIR PUBLIC PERSONAS ARE AND HERE’S A WINDOW INTO WHAT A DECENT MAN PRESIDENT BUSH WAS IN PRIVATE.>>Adrienne: AND WHAT A WINDOW INTO WHAT A GOOD JOURNALIST IS. CIRCULATION 900. HE TOOK A CHANCE TO APPROACH A PRESIDENT WHO SAID YES. THEY COMMUNICATED 20 YEARS. THEY MET THREE TIMES THE LAST COMMUNICATION, ARTHUR ASKED HIM FOR ANOTHER COLUMN, WHICH HE DELIVERED. THAT’S “THE NATIONAL” FOR DECEMBER 5. GOOD NIGHT.>>Ian: GOOD NIGHT.

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