The National for August 28, 2018 — NAFTA, Pot Testing, Birth Tourism


(*)>>Rosemary: ON THIS TUESDAY NIGHT THE FOREIGN AFFAIRS MINISTER AND HER TEAM OF NEGOTIATORS ARE IN WASHINGTON TO SEE IF CANADA CAN MAKE A DEAL ON NAFTA. WITH JUST DAYS UNTIL DONALD TRUMP IMPOSED DEADLINE, WHAT IS AT STAKE IN THESE NEGOTIATIONS? HOW DAIRY COULD SPOIL THEM. AND THE DISPUTE OVER, WELL, HOW TO RESOLVE DISPUTES. WE’LL BREAK IT ALL DOWN.>>Andrew: ALSO TONIGHT… WE DIG INTO A CONTROVERSIAL AUTISM THERAPY. THERE’S NO SCIENCE TO SUPPORT IT.
IT CAN BE DANGEROUS. SO WHY IS IT STILL AVAILABLE IN CANADA?>>Adrienne: AND THIS MAN SAYS THAT HE GOT PTSD FROM MURDERING A POLICE OFFICER. WHY IS VETERANS’ AFFAIRS PAYING FOR HIS TREATMENT EVEN THOUGH HE’S NOT A VETERAN?>>>THIS IS “THE NATIONAL.” (*) (*)>>Rosemary: AFTER SITTING ON THE
SIDELINES OF THE NAFTA NEGOTIATIONS FOR WEEKS, TONIGHT CANADA IS FINALLY BACK IN THE GAME, BUT THE CLOCK IS TICKING DOWN AND FAST. A DEAL HAS TO BE MADE BY THE END OF THIS WEEK AND AS KATIE SIMPSON EXPLAINS THAT’S WHY CHRYSTIA FREELAND AND HER TEAM DROPPED EVERYTHING TODAY AND RUSHED TO D.C.>>Reporter: NEVER BEFORE HAS CANADA’S ARRIVAL AT NAFTA TALKS BEEN SO CRITICAL OR SO CLOSELY WATCHED. THIS RETURN TO WASHINGTON MAY JUST BE THE START OF THE FINAL PUSH TO GET TO A THREE-WAY TRADE DEAL.>>The Hon. Chyrstia Freeland: THIS IS REALLY GOING TO BE A FULL STEAM AHEAD EFFORT WITH A LOT OF GROUPS WORKING VERY INTENSIVELY. THIS IS A REALLY BIG DEAL.>>Reporter: CANADIAN NEGOTIATORS SPENT THE DAY EXAMINING THE PRELIMINARY AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE U.S. AND MEXICO ANNOUNCED HASTILY BY DONALD TRUMP YESTERDAY. AND THEY MUST FIGURE OUT IF THE DEAL IS SOMETHING THAT CANADA CAN WORK WITH. THE FOREIGN AFFAIRS MINISTER SUGGESTED IT’S POSSIBLE, GIVEN PROPOSED IMPROVEMENTS TO AUTO SECTOR LABOUR STANDARDS.>>The Hon. Chyrstia Freeland: MEXICO WAS ABLE TO DO SOMETHING THAT I THINK THAT MUST HAVE BEEN QUITE DIFFICULT FOR MEXICO AND MAKE THOSE CONCESSIONS. IT DOES REALLY SET THE STAGE FOR SOME PRODUCTIVE CONVERSATIONS FOR US HERE THIS WEEK.>>Reporter: BUT SOURCES TELL CBC NEWS CANADA IS WORRIED ABOUT A DIFFERENT PROPOSED CHANGE TO THE DISPUTE RESOLUTION SYSTEM. THE PRELIMINARY PACT IS EXPECTED TO WEAKEN WHAT’S KNOWN AS “CHAPTER 19”. SOMETHING THAT CANADA HAS SAID THAT IT WOULD NOT ACCEPT. THERE’S ANOTHER BIG TENSION POINT –>>THERE’S A WORD THAT CANADA HAS TROUBLE WITH. IT’S “M-I-L-K,” MILK. ANYTHING TO DO WITH MILK AND DAIRY, THEY’LL HAVE TO FIX THAT.>>Reporter: DONALD TRUMP’S MOST TRUSTED ADVISORS ARE REPEATING HIS CALLS FOR CANADA TO KILL THE DAIRY REGULATION SYSTEM CALLED “SUPPLY MANAGEMENT.”>>Prime Minister Justin Trudeau: WE WILL ENGAGE IN A POSITIVE AND CONSTRUCTIVE WAY AS WE ALWAYS HAVE BEEN. AND WE LOOK FORWARD TO ULTIMATELY SIGNING A DEAL AS LONG AS IT’S GOOD FOR CANADA AND GOOD FOR MIDDLE-CLASS CANADIANS.>>Reporter: BUT IF CANADA DOESN’T ACT QUICKLY THERE ARE MORE SUGGESTIONS THAT CANADA MAY GET LEFT BEHIND.>>WE HOPE THEY HAVE RESULTS SO CANADA CAN BE PART. IF THAT IS NOT THE CASE WE WOULD BE READY TO MOVE FORWARD AND THAT DOESN’T PRECLUDE — THAT DOESN’T PRECLUDE CANADA JOINING IN FUTURE MOMENTS.>>Reporter: SENIOR CANADIAN OFFICIALS TELL ME THAT THERE’S A REASONABLE CHANCE OF SUCCESS, THAT SOME KIND OF DEAL CAN BE REACHED BY FRIDAY. IT APPEARS THAT NO TIME IS BEING WASTED WITH THE CANADIANS MEETING THE MEXICANS TONIGHT AND THE INTENSIVE TALKS RESUMING FIRST THING TOMORROW. ROSIE?>>Rosemary: OKAY, KATIE, SO A LOT OF PEOPLE ARE WONDERING WHY IS THERE A RUSH TO TRY TO GET THIS DONE BY FRIDAY?>>Reporter: THERE ARE TWO POINTS TO THAT. THE NEW MEXICAN PRESIDENT WANTS THIS WRAPPED UP BEFORE HE TAKES OFFICE ON DECEMBER 1st, AND IN ORDER FOR THAT TO HAPPEN THE U.S. CONGRESS MUST APPROVE ITS 90-DAY APPROVAL PROCESS. FOR THAT THEY NEED THIS WRAPPED UP BY THE END OF THE WEEK.>>Rosemary: KATIE, YOU’LL BE ON THE STORY ALL WEEK. THANK YOU. LET’S TAKE A CLOSER LOOK AT ONE OF THE STICKING POINTS IN THOSE TALKS — DAIRY AND POULTRY, PROTECTED IN THIS COUNTRY BY SOMETHING THAT YOU HAVE HEARD THE NAME, SUPPLY MANAGEMENT. CANADA MANAGES OR CONTROLS THE SUPPLY OF MILK, CHEESE, EGGS, CHICKEN AND TURKEY AND IT LIMITS FOREIGN IMPORTS LIKE U.S. DAIRY WITH SOME PRETTY STEEP TARIFFS. IT CONTROLS THE SUPPLY OF WHAT’S AVAILABLE BUT FARMERS ALSO LIKE IT BECAUSE IT PREVENTS CHEAPER AMERICAN PRODUCTS FROM FLOODING IN AND FORCING CANADIANS OUT OF BUSINESS. BUT DONALD TRUMP IS NO FAN OF CANADIAN TARIFFS AND AS JAELA BERNSTEIN TELLS US, DAIRY FARMERS HERE ARE WORRIED THAT THEIR JOB WILL BE SACRIFICED TO APPEASE THE PRESIDENT.>>FARMING IS NICE, CHALLENGING, IT’S HARD, FRUSTRATING SOMETIMES. SO WE DO MANY HOURS AND THEN, AGAIN, WE DON’T TAKE THAT MUCH OF A SALARY. IF YOU’RE NOT MAKING MONEY ANYMORE, WE’RE JUST ASKING FOR A DECENT SALARY AND HAVING OUR FAMILY FARMS.>>Reporter: QUÉBEC DAIRY FARMERS FEEL THEY’VE ALREADY GIVEN UP ENOUGH FOR INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN TWO SEPARATE MAJOR TRADE AGREEMENTS, ONE
WITH EUROPE AND ONE WITH PACIFIC NATIONS, CANADA AGREED TO OPEN UP ITS DAIRY MARKET SLIGHTLY. SOME ESTIMATES THAT THE COST TO FARMERS IS AS HIGH AS $160 MILLION A YEAR. NOW THEY’RE FEARFUL THAT NAFTA WILL ALSO BE NEGOTIATED ON THEIR BACKS SINCE THEIR WAY OF DOING BUSINESS REMAINS IN THE CROSSHAIRS OF THE AMERICAN PRESIDENT.>>President Donald Trump: YOU KNOW, THEY HAVE TARIFFS OF ALMOST 300% ON SOME OF OUR DAIRY PRODUCTS, SO WE CAN’T HAVE THAT.>>Reporter: THOSE WORDS WEIGHED HEAVILY ON THE MINDS OF QUÉBEC DAIRY FARMERS AT A UNION MEETING TODAY.>>I FEEL LIKE THERE’S A BIG CLOUD ON TOP OF MY HEAD.>>Reporter: WITH THE OTHER TRADE DEALS, OTTAWA OFFERED FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO FARMERS HURT BY THE CONCESSIONS. BUT DAIRY FARMERS SAY THAT WITH NAFTA THERE’S SO MUCH MORE AT STAKE.
>>IT HAS A HUGE IMPACT ON CANADA IF WE LET GO OF SUPPLY MANAGEMENT.>>Reporter: PRIME MINISTER JUSTIN TRUDEAU INSISTED TODAY THAT HE’LL STAND BEHIND THE DAIRY FARMERS.>>Prime Minister Justin Trudeau: MY POSITION HAS NOT CHANGED. WE WILL DEFEND SUPPLY MANAGEMENT.>>WE TRY TO BE POSITIVE AND NOT PESSIMISTIC BUT WE’RE ALWAYS AFRAID THAT WE’LL PAY AGAIN AND I HOPE THAT IT’S NOT GOING TO BE THE CASE.>>Reporter: GERARD HOPES THAT HIS SONS WILL SOMEDAY TAKE OVER THE FAMILY FARM BUT THEIR FUTURE ON THIS LAND WILL BE DECIDED MORE THAN 900 KILOMETRES AWAY IN WASHINGTON THIS WEEK. JAELA BERNSTIEN, CBC NEWS, MONTREAL.>>Rosemary: NOT JUST FARMERS NERVOUSLY WATCHING WHAT HAPPENS IN D.C. THIS WEEK, THAT’S BECAUSE ANY CHANGES TO THE 24-YEAR-OLD NAFTA AGREEMENT WILL BE IMPORTANT TO THE CANADIAN ECONOMY. HERE’S WHAT IS AT STAKE… SOME $2 BILLION WORTH OF GOODS AND SERVICES CROSS OUR BORDER DAILY. THAT’S A BIG NUMBER. OR PUT ANOTHER WAY… EVERY MINUTE OF EVERY DAY MORE THAN $1 MILLION OF TRADE CROSSES BETWEEN THE U.S.-CANADA BORDER. THE UNITED STATES IS, OF COURSE, CANADA’S LARGEST TRADING PARTNER. IN FACT, 36 STATES COUNT CANADA AS THEIR TOP CUSTOMER. AND JUST TO HAMMER HOME THAT POINT AGAIN, CANADA EXPORTS MORE GOODS TO THE STATE OF MICHIGAN THAN IT DOES TO THE ENTIRE EUROPEAN UNION. THE CANADIAN ECONOMY IS MORE INTEGRATED THAN EVER. MILLIONS OF JOBS IN ALL THREE COUNTRIES DEPEND ON THE SUCCESS OF NAFTA. THE GOVERNMENT ESTIMATES THAT 3.5 MILLION JOBS IN THIS COUNTRY ARE SUPPORTED BY TRADE. AND ONE STUDY SUGGESTS THAT DISMANTLING THE DEAL WOULD COST AS MANY AS 85,000 JOBS IN THE FIRST YEAR ALONE. AND BUSINESS INVESTMENT IN CANADA WOULD PLUNGE BY $3 BILLION. (*)>>Andrew: HERE’S WHAT ELSE WE’RE WORKING ON TONIGHT ON “THE NATIONAL”… WHY THE CONSERVATIVES WANT TO CRACKDOWN ON WHO AUTOMATICALLY GETS CANADIAN CITIZENSHIP.>>Adrienne: PLUS, A NEW ROADSIDE TEST FOR CANNIBAS. THERE’S ENOUGH TESTS ALREADY ABOUT THE DEVICE THAT LAWYERS ARE PREPPING THEIR DEFENCE.>>>FIRST, A CONVICTED MURDERER WHO SAYS THAT HE DEVELOPED PTSD COMMITTING THE CRIME. SO WHY IS THE GOVERNMENT FOOTING THE BILL FOR HIS TREATMENT?>>>CHRISTOPHER GARNIER DID NOT SERVE A SINGLE DAY IN THE ARMED FORCES. HE IS, HOWEVER, SERVING A LIFE SENTENCE FOR SECOND-DEGREE MURDER. STILL, VETERANS’ AFFAIRS IS PAYING FOR HIS PTSD TREATMENT. TOM MURPHY EXPLAINS WHY.>>Reporter: IT WAS A CASE UNLIKE ANY OTHER THAT THIS PROVINCE HAS SEEN… A HALIFAX MAN MEETS AN OFF-DUTY POLICE OFFICER IN A BAR. HOURS LATER CATHERINE CAMPBELL IS DEAD. CHRISTOPHER GARNIER STRANGLED HER, PUT HER BODY IN A COMPOST BIN, ROLLED IT THROUGH TOWN, AND DUMPED IT AT THE FOOT OF THE MacDONALD BRIDGE. IT DIDN’T TAKE THE JURY LONG TO FIND GARNIER GUILTY.>>ALL I WANT TO SAY IS THAT FOR ALMOST 2 1/2 YEARS WE HAVE SOUGHT JUSTICE FOR CATHERINE AND TODAY WE FEEL THAT WE HAVE JUSTICE FOR CATHERINE.>>Reporter: NOW THIS. WORD THAT VETERANS’ AFFAIRS CANADA IS PAYING FOR TREATMENT FOR GARNIER WHO THE COURT DECIDED ACQUIRED PTSD AS A RESULT OF COMMITTING THE MURDER. THE FAMILIES AREN’T SPEAKING BUT IN A RECENT FACEBOOK POST CAMPBELL’S AUNT SAYS THAT SHE’S SICKENED BY THIS. VETERANS’ ADVOCATES ARE SEETHING.>>THERE’S OUTRAGE IN THE VETERANS COMMUNITY ABOUT IT, DEFINITELY. TONNES OF OUTRAGE.>>Reporter: HERE’S THE THING, GARNIER NEVER SERVED, BUT HIS FATHER IS A VETERAN. AND SO THERE’S THIS FROM VETERANS’ AFFAIRS… “WHEN A MAN OR WOMAN SERVES IN CANADA’S ARMED FORCES OR THE RCMP, THEIR WHOLE FAMILY SERVES WITH THEM. COUNSELLING AND OTHER SERVICES MAY BE PROVIDED IF IT’S DETERMINED THAT IT MAY ASSIST THE VETERANS IN ACHIEVING THEIR REHABILITATION GOALS.” THE LOGIC GOES SOMETHING LIKE THIS, IF HELPING CHRISTOPHER GARNIER’S PTSD HELPS HIS FATHER, THEN CHRISTOPHER GARNIER, EVEN IF HE KILLED SOMEONE, GETS THE TREATMENT. SOME ARE CALLING THAT PERVERSE.>>A LOT ARE VETERANS AND THE STILL SERVING MEMBERS ARE STILL SEEKING HELP FOR PTSD AND ARE WAITING IN QUEUE BUT THIS FELLA IS GETTING I GUESS YOU WOULD SAY SPECIAL TREATMENT.>>Reporter: NOT EXACTLY, SAYS VETERANS AFFAIRS, ARGUING THAT 94% OF VETERANS WHO APPLY FOR MENTAL HEALTH SUPPORTS ARE APPROVED. WHAT’S MORE, VETERANS AFFAIRS SAY THEY ALSO SUPPORT OTHER MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES INCLUDING FAMILY AND MARITAL COUNSELLING AND ACCESS TO SOCIAL WORK SERVICES. WHAT IRKS SOME IS THAT A CONVICTED MURDERER IS GETTING VETERANS SUPPORT AT ALL. TOM MURPHY, CBC NEWS, HALIFAX.>>Andrew: NOW TO A PRACTISE KNOWN AS BIRTH TOURISM. EXPECTANT MOTHERS TRAVEL TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES TO HAVE A CHILD. BECAUSE IN SOME PLACESES, INCLUDING CANADA, THAT NEW BABY AUTOMATICALLY BECOMES A CITIZEN JUST BY VIRTUE OF BEING BORN ON CANADIAN SOIL. AND, THEREBY, ENTITLED TO ALL OF THE BENEFITS THAT COME WITH BEING A CANADIAN. IT’S ALL PERFECTLY LEGAL BUT THE CONSERVATIVE PARTY WANTS IT TO STOP.
BRIAR STEWART TAKES A CLOSER LOOK.>>Reporter: AT THIS HOSPITAL IN RICHMOND, B.C., MORE THAN ONE IN FIVE OF ALL BABIES DELIVERED LAST YEAR WERE BORN TO MOTHERS THAT WEREN’T RESIDENTS OF CANADA. PART OF A BIRTH TOURISM INDUSTRY THAT THE FEDERAL CONSERVATIVES WANT TO CRACK DOWN ON.>>WE SHOULD FIGHT FOR OUR OWN BABIES!>>Reporter: AT THE PARTY’S CONVENTION, THE DELEGATES ENDORSED A RESOLUTION TO SCRAP THE LONG-STANDING POLICY OF GIVING CITIZENSHIP TO EVERYONE BORN HERE. IT’S A STEP THAT A FORMER IMMIGRATION OFFICIAL SAID WOULD LIKELY GO TOO FAR.>>IF YOU MAKE THE CHANGE THAT WOULD ADVERSELY AFFECT ALL CANADIANS. IT WOULD MAKE IT MORE BURDENSOME FOR THEM TO PROVIDE IDENTIFICATION AND MORE COSTLY.>>Reporter: BUT HE ACKNOWLEDGES THAT BIRTH TOURISM IS A PROBLEM THAT NEEDS TO BE DEALT WITH. EXPERTS SAY THERE ISN’T A GOOD SENSE OF HOW BIG OF AN ISSUE THAT BIRTH TOURISM IS IN CANADA BECAUSE THE NUMBERS AREN’T SPECIFICALLY TRACKED. BUT IN B.C. IT’S ON THE GOVERNMENT’S RADAR. THERE’S REPORTEDLY MORE THAN TWO DOZEN SO-CALLED BIRTHING HOUSES THAT CATER TO FOREIGN MOTHERS IN THIS PROVINCE. THIS ONE IN RICHMOND ADVERTISES EVERYTHING AN EXPECTANT MOTHER NEEDS FROM ACCOMMODATION, MEALS AND FREE BABY BIRTH CERTIFICATES AND CANADIAN AND CHINESE PASSPORT SERVICES. A RESEARCHER WHO INTERVIEWED SOME OF THE FOREIGN MOTHERS SAY THAT MOST PLAN TO RAISE THEIR BABIES BACK IN CHINA BUT THEY DELIVER HERE TO GET A COVETED CANADIAN PASSPORT FOR THEIR CHILD.>>SO THEY HAVE PAID THEIR OWN MONEY FOR THE MEDICAL HEALTH AND AFTER GIVING BIRTH THEY BROUGHT THEIR CHILDREN TO GO BACK TO CHINA IMMEDIATELY.>>PART OF THAT VALUE SYSTEM…>>Reporter: BUT GARY LIU SAYS IT’S A MATTER OF STANDARDS.>>BEING CANADIAN IS FOR CERTAIN VALUES.>>Reporter: HE’S BEHIND A PETITION CALLING ON THE GOVERNMENT TO USE THE LAWS ALREADY IN PLACE.>>AND LOOKING FOR LOCAL BY-LAWS, LIKE, FOR EXAMPLE, IN AN AREA YOU CANNOT HAVE A BIRTHING HOTEL.>>Reporter: BY DOING THAT HE SAYS THAT THE OFFICIALS CAN CRACKDOWN ON THE BIRTH TOURISM INDUSTRY WITHOUT OPENING UP AN ENTIRE DEBATE ABOUT WHO SHOULD BE ELIGIBLE FOR CANADIAN CITIZENSHIP. BRIAR STEWART, CBC NEWS, VANCOUVER.>>Adrienne: LESS THAN TWO MONTHS TO GO BEFORE CANADA’S OFFICIAL LEGALIZATION OF CANNIBAS. AND AS THE DATE QUICKLY APPROACHES POLICE DEPARTMENTS ARE STILL SCRAMBLING TO BE READY FOR IT. JUST BECAUSE PEOPLE WILL BE FREE TO USE RECREATIONAL WEED DOESN’T MEAN THAT THEY CAN BREAK THE LAW BY DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE. AND THAT’S GOING TO MEAN ROADSIDE DRUG TESTING. BUT AS KATIE NICHOLSON REPORTS, THERE ARE SOME REAL QUESTIONS ABOUT THE PARTICULAR TESTING DEVICE THAT CANADA HAS APPROVED. (*)>>THE DRÄGER 5000 ANALYSIS SYSTEM…>>Reporter: SLEEK AND FUTURISTIC IT MAY LOOK LIKE A KEURIG COFFEE MACHINE BUT THIS IS THE FUTURE OF CANADIAN DRUG TESTING.>>THE DRÄGER 5000…>>Reporter: THE DRÄGER 5000 TESTS SALIVA FOR THE PRESENCE OF T.H.C. BUT A NORWEGIAN STUDY FOUND THAT IT HAS FALSE POSITIVES 15% OF THE TIME AND IT DOESN’T WORK THAT WELL IN THE COLD. THERE ARE A LOT OF DEVICES OUT THERE, SO WHY WAS THE DRAGER 5000 TO BE THE FIRST TO GET CANADIAN APPROVAL? THE CANADIAN SOCIETY FOR FORENSIC SCIENCE THAT SETS THE STANDARDS FOR SCIENCE IN LAW ENFORCEMENT, RECOMMENDED THE DRÄGEDRÄGER 5000 TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT BUT THE SOCIETY WOULDN’T EXPLAIN WHY THEY CHOSE THE DEVICE AND THAT WORRIES DEFENCE LAWYER KYLA LEE.>>THAT TELLS ME THAT THERE’S SOMETHING IN THERE THAT WOULD CAUSE US TO QUESTION THE RELIABILITY OF THE DEVICE. BECAUSE IF EVERYTHING THEY TESTED IN IT SHOWED GREAT RESULTS ALL THE TIME, THEY WOULD BE EXCITED TO SHARE THAT WITH THE PUBLIC.>>Reporter: WHAT THE FORENSIC SOCIETY DID SHARE WAS THE GUIDELINES THEY CREATED IN CHOOSING A DRUG TEST. THAT IT SHOULD BE CAPABLE TO BE OPERATED AT AN AMBIENT TEMPERATURE RANGE OF AT LEAST 5% CELSIUS TO 35° CELSIUS. THAT’S NOT WHAT LAW ENFORCEMENT WANTED. PUBLIC SAFETY CANADA WORKING WITH SEVEN DIFFERENT POLICE FORCES SAID THAT THE NUMBER ONE THING THAT POLICE WANTED IN A DEVICE WAS A HIGH RELIABILITY IN EXTREME COLD TEMPERATURES. THE DRAGER’S IDEAL TEMPERATURE RANGE? PLUS 4° TO 40 CELSIUS. THE POLICE ASSOCIATION IS UNFAZED BY THE TEMPERATURE LIMITATIONS.>>AM I CONFIDENT THAT IT WILL WORK OFF THE BAT? OR AM I CONCERNED WHETHER OR NOT THE TESTING WAS AS RIGOROUS AS IT POSSIBLY COULD? I THINK THAT YOU CAN ALWAYS FIND ISSUES WITH ANY PIECE OF EQUIPMENT LIKE THAT.>>Reporter: PUBLIC SAFETY CANADA SAYS THAT POLICE OFFICERS WILL LEARN HOW TO KEEP THE DRAGER UNIT AT THE IDEAL OPERATING TEMPERATURE AS PART OF THEIR TRAINING IN HOW TO USE THE DEVICE. KATIE NICHOLSON, CBC NEWS, TORONTO.>>Adrienne: SO CLEARLY THERE’S SOME QUESTIONS ABOUT THE TECHNOLOGY, BUT WHAT ABOUT GETTING OFFENDERS INTO THE COURTROOM AND PROSECUTING DRUG-IMPAIRED DRIVING CASES? WELL, IF DRUNK DRIVING CONVICTION RATES ARE ANY INDICATION THERE MIGHT BE SOME TROUBLE AHEAD. CANADA’S OVERALL CONVICTION RATE IS RELATIVELY LOW, ABOUT 60% IN 2015. ONTARIO WAS A BIT BETTER AT 65%. BUT IN QUÉBEC IT WAS LESS THAN HALF. IN B.C., GET THIS, ONLY ABOUT A QUARTER OF CHARGES STUCK. NOW THAT’S PARTLY DUE TO THE RISE OF A DRUNK DRIVING LEGAL DEFENCE INDUSTRY. ONE THAT CHALLENGES THE RELIABILITY AND THE MAINTENANCE OF ALCOHOL TESTING DEVICES. AND AS WE JUST HEARD ROADSIDE DRUG TESTING HAS SOME CHALLENGES TOO. CONSIDERING THAT T.H.C. REMAINS DETECTABLE IN THE BODY MUCH LONGER AFTER USE THAN ALCOHOL, IT’S NOT HARD TO IMAGINE A TIDAL WAVE OF COURT CHALLENGES. IN FACT, A STATISTICS CANADA REPORT SAYS THAT DRUG-IMPAIRED DRIVING CASES ALREADY TAKE TWICE AS LONG TO PROSECUTE THAN DRINK DRIVING ONES.
>>Andrew: LOTS OF STORIES THAT WE’RE TRACKING TONIGHT… INCLUDING A MAJOR DEVELOPMENT IN THE SHOOTING OF A GERMAN TOURIST ON A HIGHWAY IN ALBERTA EARLIER THIS MONTH.>>A 16-YEAR-OLD MALE YOUTH WHO WAS A RESIDENT OF THE STONEY NAKODA FIRST NATION HAS BEEN CHARGED WITH 14 CRIMINAL CODE OFFENSES, INCLUDING ATTEMPTED MURDER.>>Andrew: NOW WE CAN’T IDENTIFY THE SUSPECT BECAUSE OF HIS AGE BUT HE DID APPEAR IN COURT TODAY ACCUSED OF SHOOTING A GERMAN TOURIST IN THE HEAD, DRIVING WITH HIS FAMILY AT THE TIME ABOUT AN HOUR WEST OF CALGARY. MOTIVE IS A BIG QUESTION MARK IN THIS CASE. POLICE DON’T THINK THAT THERE WAS ANY KIND OF CONFLICT LEADING
E IS A BIG QUESTION MARK IN THIS CASE. POLICE DON’T THINK THAT THERE WAS ANY KIND OF CONFLICT LEADING UP TO THE SHOOTING AND THEY DON’T BELIEVE THAT THE SUSPECT AND THE VICTIM KNEW EACH OTHER.>>>PRIME MINISTER JUSTIN TRUDEAU WANTS TO TAKE A CLOSER LOOK AT IMPLEMENTING A FULL BAN ON HANDGUNS AND ASSAULT WEAPONS IN CANADA. HE’S TASKED BILL BLAIR, HIS MINISTER OF BORDER SECURITY AND ORGANIZED CRIME REDUCTION, TO LOOK INTO HOW THAT MIGHT WORK WHILE STILL ALLOWING THE LAWFUL USE OF FIREARMS. AFTER LAST MONTH’S MASS SHOOTING IN TORONTO’S GREEKTOWN, TRUDEAU MADE A PROMISE TO ADDRESS THE ISSUE OF GUN VIOLENCE.>>AND I ENCOURAGE PUERTO RICANS TO BIND TOGETHER TO MOURN…>>Andrew: AND NEARLY A YEAR AFTER PUERTO RICO WAS DEVASTATED BY HURRICANE MARIA, OFFICIALS NOW SAY THAT NEARLY 3,000 PEOPLE DIED AS A RESULT OF THE STORM. THAT’S A DRAMATIC INCREASE. BEFORE TODAY THE OFFICIAL DEATH TOLL STOOD AT 64. RESEARCHERS WHO COMPILED THE NEW DATA SAY THAT NUMBER WAS INITIALLY SO LOW IN PART BECAUSE DOCTORS DIDN’T KNOW HOW TO CLASSIFY DEATH AFTER A DISASTER.>>Adrienne: STILL AHEAD TONIGHT ON “THE NATIONAL”… PARENTS HAVE A LOT OF DECISIONS TO MAKE ONCE A CHILD IS DIAGNOSED WITH AUTISM. WHY SOME ARE TURNING TO A CONTROVERSIAL THERAPY THAT COULD DO MORE HARM THAN GOOD.>>Rosemary: PLUS, FOR YEARS MAIL AND PACKAGES HAVE BEEN PILING UP AT THE ISRAELI BORDER. NOW IT’S UP TO THE PALESTINIAN POSTAL WORKERS TO SORT THROUGH IT.
>>Andrew: AND THOUSANDS OF BEES DECIDED TO MAKE A TIMES SQUARE UMBRELLA HOME. BUT, DON’T WORRY, THE NYPD ACTUALLY HAVE A GUY FOR THAT. WE’LL TELL YOU ALL ABOUT IT IN OUR “MOMENT OF THE DAY.”>>RIGHT IN THE MIDDLE OF TOWN. I MEAN, THEY CAN’T RE (*)>>Rosemary: MANY PEOPLE IN THE WEST BANK ARE FINALLY RECEIVING PACKAGES THAT WERE SUPPOSED TO ARRIVE YEARS AGO. ISRAELI AUTHORITIES HAVE RELEASED PILES OF MAIL WHICH HAVE BEEN HELD AT THE BORDER. IT’S MEANT AS A GOODWILL GESTURE FROM ISRAEL IN THE MIDST OF A LONG-RUNNING BITTER CONFLICT. OUR MIDDLE EAST CORRESPONDENT DEREK STOFFEL WAS THERE AS POSTAL WORKERS SORTED THROUGH THE BACKLOG.>>Reporter: IT WAS NEITHER RAIN NOR SNOW THAT WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR THIS MOUND OF MAIL PILING UP IN A WAREHOUSE IN JERICHO. INSTEAD BLAME YET ANOTHER DISAGREEMENT BETWEEN THE PALESTINIANS AND ISRAEL, WHICH OCCUPIES THE WEST BANK.>>THEY CONTROL THE BORDERS. WE WOULDN’T ALLOW ANYTHING TO CROSS THE BORDERS WITHOUT THEIR PERMISSION. THEY CONTROL EVERYTHING.>>Reporter: ISRAEL AGREED A DECADE AGO TO GIVE THE PALESTINIANS MORE CONTROL OVER THEIR POSTAL SERVICES BUT IN PRACTISE THAT’S BEEN SLOW TO HAPPEN. MEANING FOR YEARS PARCELS PILED UP IN NEIGHBOURING JORDAN. IN A STATEMENT TO CBC NEWS ISRAELI AUTHORITIES SAY THAT ALL OF THIS MAIL WAS RELEASED AS A GESTURE IN A ONE-TIME AGREEMENT A FEW WEEKS AGO. NOW THE PALESTINIAN POSTAL EMPLOYEES ARE WORKING OVERTIME TO SORT THROUGH 10 TONNES OF LETTERS AND PARCELS. A LOT OF THESE PACKAGES CAME FROM CHINA. THERE ARE THINGS THAT PALESTINIANS ORDERED ONLINE, INCLUDING THIS TV THAT WAS SUPPOSED TO BE DELIVERED SIX YEARS AGO. THE RECIPIENT OF THIS WHEELCHAIR HAS BEEN WAITING YEARS FOR ITS DELIVERY.>>THIS ONE CAME FROM JORDAN…>>Reporter: SOME OF THE PACKAGES HERE WERE MAILED AS FAR BACK AS 2010. DOWN THE ROAD AT JERICHO’S MAIN POST OFFICE… THE MANAGER MAKES A CALL TO LET THE CUSTOMER KNOW THAT HIS LETTER IS FINALLY READY FOR PICKUP. IT’S A JOYOUS MOMENT FOR SAÏD BRIJAIM.>>THIS IS FROM GREECE.>>Reporter: HE STUDIED ECONOMICS ON THE ISLAND OF CRETE. HE GRADUATED MORE THAN A YEAR AGO AND HAS BEEN WAITING FOR THE CERTIFICATE EVER SINCE. WHY IS THIS IMPORTANT TO YOU?>>THIS IS MY DEGREE, YOU KNOW, WE DO THIS FOR A LIVING AND IT’S MY CAREER. I MEAN, IT WAS FOR ME. I SPENT ONE YEAR APART FROM MY FAMILY TO GET IT.>>Reporter: PALESTINIAN OFFICIALS HAVE ACCUSED THE ISRAELIS OF USING THE POST AS ONE MORE METHOD OF EXERTING CONTROL OVER THE PALESTINIAN PEOPLE. MILLIONS OF PALESTINIANS LIVE IN OTHER COUNTRIES, INCLUDING JORDAN AND LEBANON, AND STILL RELY ON THE MAIL.>>MOST PEOPLE SEND GIFTS TO THEIR RELATIVES INSIDE OF PALESTINE, AND MOST OF THE PEOPLE INSIDE OF PALESTINE WANT TO SEND POSTAL ITEMS TO THEIR RELATIVES OUTSIDE OF PALESTINE. SO THIS IS VERY IMPORTANT.>>Reporter: PALESTINE POST HAS BROUGHT IN EXTRA WORKERS TO CLEAR THE BACKLOG WHICH THEY HOPE WILL HAPPEN IN THE NEXT COUPLE WEEKS. DEREK STOFFEL, CBC NEWS, JERICHO.>>Adrienne: STILL AHEAD TONIGHT ON “THE NATIONAL”… TRUMP TAKES AIM AT GOOGLE, CLAIMING SEARCH RESULTS ONLY SHOW BAD STORIES ABOUT HIM.>>Andrew: PLUS, IS ONLINE FUNDRAISING A SOLUTION TO AMERICA’S EXPENSIVE HEALTH CARE PROBLEM OR JUST A SIGN OF HOW SICK THE SYSTEM REALLY IS?>>WE KIND OF LIVE PRETTY OPEN ABOUT EVERYTHING, BUT IT’S HARD TO ADMIT THAT YOU NEED HELP. IT’S HARD TO ADMIT THAT YOU CAN’T DO EVERYTHING. (*) (*)>>Andrew: TONIGHT ON “THE NATIONAL,” THE EVER EXPANDING PROBLEM OF A GIANT SINKHOLE IN OXFORD, NOVA SCOTIA. SINCE OPENING UP IN A PARK JUST OVER A WEEK AGO THIS HOLE HAS GROWN TO BE MORE THAN 30 METRES WIDE, SWALLOWING UP TREES AND PICNIC TABLES. EXPERTS HAVE BEEN CALLED IN TO TRY TO FIGURE OUT WHY IT’S HAPPENING BUT FOR NOW OFFICIALS ARE SIMPLY WARNING THE PUBLIC TO STAY AWAY. [Cheers and Applause]>>>AND ALSO TONIGHT AN UPDATE ON CANADIAN TENNIS PLAYER FELIX AUGER-ALIASSIME AFTER A HEALTH SCARE AT THE U.S. OPEN. THE 18-YEAR-OLD WAS FORCED TO STOP YESTERDAY’S MATCH AGAINST FELLOW CANADIAN DENIS SHAPOVALOV AFTER EXPERIENCING HEART PALPATATIONS. ACCORDING TO TENNIS CANADA HE’S DOING ALL RIGHT NOW AND EVERYTHING IS BACK TO NORMAL BUT THIS HAS HAPPENED TO HIM BEFORE. HE REPORTEDLY THINKS THAT YESTERDAY’S EPISODE WAS TRIGGERED BY THE HEAT AND THE STRESS. HE’S EXPECTED TO TAKE A FEW DAYS OFF FROM TRAINING.>>>AND WESTJET AND AIR CANADA ARE RAISING THEIR CHECKED BAG FEES FOR PEOPLE BUYING LOWEST FARE TICKETS. THE COST OF THE FIRST BAG IS GOING UP FROM $25 TO $30. AND A SECOND CHECKED BAG WILL COST $50, UP FROM $30. THE NEW FEES ARE ALREADY IN PLACE FOR SOME FLIGHTS BUT WILL BE FULLY IMPLEMENTED BY BOTH AIRS BY OCTOBER. ONE OF THE REASONS THEY GIVE ARE RISING FUEL PRICES.>>Adrienne: FOR PARENTS DESCRIEDING HOW TO HELP A CHILD WITH AUTISM IS OVERWHELMING. NOT ALL CHOICES ARE PROVEN AND SOME COULD BE HARMFUL. TAKE CHELATION THERAPY, A CONTROVERSIAL PRACTISE WHERE METALS ARE REMOVED FROM A CHILD’S BODY. WHY IS IT STILL AVAILABLE IN CANADA? NICOLE IRELAND HAS A LOOK AT THE NOT SO CLEAR REGULATIONS AROUND IT.>>Reporter: WHEN ANNE BORDEN KING’S PEDIATRICIAN DIAGNOSED HER SON, BAXTER, WITH AUTISM. IT WAS A FRIGHTENING CONVERSATION.>>SHE TOOK A VERY SERIOUS TONE AND SAID HE NEEDS VERY INTENSIVE THERAPY. WHEN THEY’RE YOUNG YOU HAVE TO DO THIS, IT’S A SMALL WINDOW OF TIME TO HELP YOUR CHILD.>>Reporter: BORDEN KING SAYS THAT FEAR DRIVES PARENTS TO TRY ANY TREATMENT THEY CAN TO HELP THEIR KIDS. SHE AND HER HUSBAND WORKED WITH THERAPISTS AND TEACHERS TO IMPROVE BAXTER’S COMMUNICATION AND MOTOR SKILLS AND HELPING HIM TO LEARN THINGS LIKE BIKING AT HIS OWN PACE. SHE AND HER HUSBAND WORKED WITH THERAPISTS AND TEACHERS TO IMPROVE BAXTER’S COMMUNICATION AND MOTOR SKILLS AND HELPING HIM TO LEARN THINGS LIKE BIKING AT HIS OWN PACE. BUT WHEN BORDEN KING STARTED AN ONLINE SELF-ADVOCACY GROUP FOR PEOPLE WITH AUTISM SHE WAS ALARMED TO LEARN THAT PARENTS WERE TRYING LOTS OF UNPROVEN INTERVENTIONS.>>IT’S THIS WILD WEST, AS SOMEONE PUT IT, WHERE THERE IS NO LAW THAT SAYS THAT YOU CAN’T DO THESE THINGS SUCH AS GIVING — THAT I KNOW OF — SUCH AS GIVING A CHILD CHELATION.>>Reporter: CHELATION THERAPY IS USED TO REMOVE METALS SUCH AS LEAD OR MERCURY FROM THE BODY. A DRUG IS GIVEN, OFTEN INTRAVENOUSLY THAT GRABS THE METALS, AND THE PATIENT EXCRETES THEM OFTEN THROUGH THEIR URINE. IT’S MEANT TO BE USED IF A PERSON HAS METAL POISONING, AFTER AN INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENT, FOR EXAMPLE. AT ONE POINT SOME PEOPLE BELIEVED THAT REMOVING HEAVY METALS FROM THE BODY COULD TREAT AUTISM AS THEORY AUTISM EXPERTS NOW AGREE HAS NO SCIENTIFIC MERIT. SO WHEN BORDEN KING LEARNED THAT A DOCTOR IN MARKHAM, ONTARIO, WAS OFFERING CHELATION THERAPY TO CHILDREN WITH AUTISM SHE FILED A COMPLAINT WITH THE ONTARIO COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS. THE COLLEGE SAYS THEY INVESTIGATED BUT FOUND NO EVIDENCE THAT DR. JOHN GANNAGE DID ANYTHING WRONG AND NOTED THAT BORDEN KING HAD NEVER MET DR. GANNAGE PERSONALLY. CBC CONFIRMS THAT HE OFFERS CHELATION THERAPY TO A SMALL NUMBER OF CHILDREN WITH SEVERE AUTISM BUT GETS FULL CONSENT FROM THE PARENTS, INCLUDING CLEAR COMMUNICATION THAT IS NOT STANDARD PRACTISE. “I HAVE NEVER HARMED A CHILD WITH MY TREATMENTS,” HE SAYS, “YET BELIEVE THAT LEAVING BEHIND DAMAGING TOXIC METAL BURDEN WHEN I HAVE THE MEANS TO INTERVENE, DURING A CRITICAL WINDOW OF OPPORTUNITY, IS POTENTIALLY HARMFUL WITH LONG-TERM NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES.” GANNAGE DID NOT RESPOND TO CBC NEWS REQUESTS FOR AN INTERVIEW. AND THEY SAY THEY HAVE NO JURISDICTION OVER HOW DOCTORS PRESCRIBE THEM. THAT FALLS UNDER THE COMPLEMENTARY AND THE ALTERNATIVE MEDICAL POLICIES OF THE PROVINCIAL COLLEGES OF PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS. ONTARIO’S POLICY SAYS THAT DOCTORS’ DECISIONS MUST BE INFORMED BY EVIDENCE AND SCIENCE.>>CHELATION IS A TREATMENT WHICH WE HAVE NO EVIDENCE OF BENEFIT AND WE HAVE EVIDENCE OF HARM.>>Reporter: THIS NEUROLOGIST SAYS THAT PARENTS OFTEN ASK ABOUT ALTERNATIVE TREATMENTS AND SHE’S FINE WITH THEM IF THEY’RE USED IN CONJUNCTION WITH OTHER PROVEN AUTISM INTERVENTIONS, BUT SHE DRAWS THE LINE AT CHELATION BECAUSE IT DISRUPTS MINERALS IN THE BLOOD AND IT IS JUST TOO DANGEROUS.>>WE HAVE SEEN ANYTHING FROM THIS CAUSING HEART ARRHYTHMIA SO IRREGULAR HEART RHYTHM, TO KIDNEY DAMAGE TO DAMAGE TO THE HEART MUSCLE, OR ALL THE WAY TO DEATH.>>Reporter: ANNE BORDEN KING ISN’T GIVING UP HER FIGHT. SHE’S APPEALING THE COLLEGE OF PHYSICIAN AND SURGEONS’ DECISION AND ADVOCATING FOR CLEARER REGULATIONS GOVERNING WHAT AUTISM TREATMENTS THAT PHYSICIANS CAN AND CAN’T RECOMMEND.>>Adrienne: SO NICOLE IS WITH US NOW. IT’S INTERESTING, BEYOND THE DEBATE OVER THE ETHICITY OF THIS OR, IN FACT, WHETHER IT DOES ANY HARM, I PRESUME THIS IS NOT A FREE PROCEDURE?>>Reporter: IT’S NOT, AND LIKE WITH SO MANY ALTERNATIVE THERAPIES NOT COVERED UNDER BENEFIT PLANS AND NOT COVERED UNDER GOVERNMENT INSURANCE PLANS. AND FAMILIES THAT HAVE CHILDREN WITH AUTISM HAVE LIMITED RESOURCES OFTEN. SO THEY’RE INVESTING THIS MONEY AND IT COULD BE HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS IN THIS THERAPY THAT IS NOT PROVEN TO WORK. DOCTORS WORRY THEY’RE NOT INVESTING MONEY IN OTHER THERAPIES THAT DO WORK. SO BEHAVIOURAL THERAPY, COMMUNICATION THERAPY, GROUP DYNAMICS, THOSE KIND OF THINGS. AND THE OTHER THING THAT DOCTORS WORRY ABOUT IS THE FACT THAT PARENTS ARE INVESTING THEIR HOPE INTO THESE UNPROVEN THERAPIES AND THEY SAY THAT THERE’S EVERY REASON TO HAVE HOPE. THEY HAVE SEEN AMAZING SUCCESS WITH SOME OF THESE PROVEN THERAPIES, AGAIN, BEHAVIOURAL, SPEECH, AND THOSE KIND OF THINGS. THERE’S EVERY REASON TO BE HOPEFUL THAT CHILDREN CAN GO ON TO DEVELOP AND TO LIVE FULL LIFE. A>>Adrienne: OKAY, NICOLE IRELAND, THANK YOU VERY MUCH.>>Reporter: THANK YOU.>>Rosemary: FOR PEOPLE ON THE AUTISM SPECTRUM FINDING MEANINGFUL EMPLOYMENT CAN ALSO BE A CHALLENGE. LAST YEAR WE VISITED A COMPANY THAT HAD GOALS FOR PROVIDING JOBS FOR PEOPLE WITH AUTISM. AS IOANNA ROUMELIOTIS FOUND OUT, BUSINESS IS BOOMING.>>Reporter: HERE AT THE RISING TIDE CARWASH IN FORT LAUDERDALE, DETAILS ARE EVERYTHING. SUPERVISOR MATT IS A STICKLER FOR IT.>>HELP ME TO DRY DOWN THE CAR.>>Reporter: EVERY WATER DROP AND EVERY SOAP SPOT HAS TO BE WIPED PERFECTLY CLEAN.>>USE A BIT OF SOAP OVER HERE AND A BIT OVER HERE.>>Reporter: ON SATURDAYS, MATT COMES IN THREE HOURS EARLY JUST BECAUSE. THREE HOURS EARLY?>>UM-HMM.>>Reporter: THAT’S DEDICATED.>>IT’S PERFECT.>>Reporter: MAKES YOU HAPPY?>>YEP. I AM MAKING SURE THAT EVERYONE IS DOING WELL IN THE BUSINESS AND WE HELP EACH OTHER OUT.>>Reporter: THIS IS NO ORDINARY CAR WASH. IT’S A LABOUR OF LOVE WITH A LABOUR FORCE THAT IS GIVING THIS PLACE AN INCREDIBLE ADVANTAGE. 80% OF EVERYONE WHO WORKS HERE IS ON THE AUTISM SPECTRUM. OVERLOOKED AND CONSIDERED UNEMPLOYABLE BEFORE, THEIR SUCCESS NOW IS LINKED TO RISING TIDES. TOM DAIRY IS THE OWNER.>>FOR MOST OF OUR EMPLOYEES THIS IS THEIR FIRST JOB. MOST OF OUR EMPLOYEES WOULD BE SITTING AT HOME, PROBABLY PLAYING VIDEO GAMES, PROBABLY NOT HAVING A WHOLE LOT OF FRIENDS. ALL THE WAY AROUND THAT WINDOW, DUDE.>>Reporter: TOM DOESN’T JUST KNOW THIS, HE’S LIVED IT.>>THERE WE GO. THAT’S A GOOD WINDOW.>>Reporter: YOU SEE THE INSPIRATION FOR RISING TIDE, TO PROVIDE EMPLOYMENT FOR PEOPLE ON THE SPECTRUM CAME FROM TOM’S BROTHER, ANDREW. HOW DO YOU FEEL ABOUT GETTING UP IN THE MORNING AND HAVING A JOB TO GO TO?>>GETTING UP IN THE MORNING? KIND OF EXHAUSTING.>>Reporter: THAT PART YOU DON’T LIKE SO MUCH.>>Reporter: THE DAIRY FAMILY BOUGHT THE CAR WASH TO GIVE ANDREW AND PEOPLE LIKE HIM A JOB.>>PEOPLE WITH AUTISM ARE EXCEPTIONALLY CAPABLE. THE ONLY REASON THAT THERE’S SUCH HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT WITH PEOPLE WITH AUTISM IS BECAUSE WE AS A SOCIETY LOOK AT AUTISM AS A DISABILITY THAT REQUIRES SYSTEM ATHRATHER THAN A DIVERSITY. SO WE WANTED TO PROVE THE CASE THAT PEOPLE WITH AUTISM HAVE A LOT TO BRING TO THE TABLE. SO WE WANTED TO BUILD A BRAND AND A BUSINESS AROUND THEIR POSSIBILITIES.>>Reporter: AND THE PROFITS ARE SOARING. WHEN THE DAIRIES BOUGHT THE BUSINESS FOUR YEARS AGO IT WAS SERVICING 35,000 CARS A YEAR. NOW IT’S UP TO 160,000. PROVING THE DAIRIES’ POINT THAT AUTISTIC ADULTS NEED JOBS.>>WE’RE TRYING TO ESSENTIALLY BLOW THAT UP AND SAY, YES, WHEN PEOPLE WITH AUTISM ARE YOUNG THERE ARE HURDLES THEY HAVE TO GO OVER JUST LIKE ALL OF US BUT MANY OF THEM WORK SUPER HARD TO OVERCOME THOSE THINGS AND THEY’RE READY TO BE REALLY CAPABLE PEOPLE IN THE WORKFORCE WHEN THEY BECOME ADULTS. AND IF WE’RE OVERLY BRAZEN ABOUT HOW AWESOME THEY ARE, IT’S JUST BECAUSE WE GET TO WORK WITH THEM EVERY DAY AND WE GET TO SEE IT. YOU WILL WORK WITH JONATHAN, ALL RIGHT?>>Reporter: I KNOW THAT HE’S YOUR BROTHER BUT, ANDREW, HOW DO YOU THINK THAT YOU’RE DOING?>>I’M DOING GREAT.>>Reporter: YEAH? ARE YOU LIKE A VALUED EMPLOYEE?>>I’M A VALUABLE EMPLOYEE.>>Reporter: WHAT MAKES YOU GOOD?>>I DO THE PROCESS VERY GREAT.>>Reporter: WHAT ELSE?>>AND I EARN MONEY.>>Reporter: HOW DO YOU FEEL ABOUT THAT?>>I FEEL GREAT FOR THAT.>>Reporter: BUSINESS IS DOING SO WELL THAT THE DAIRIES ARE NOW OPENING UP A SECOND LOCATION. THEY HAVEN’T EVEN POSTED ANY JOBS AND HAVE GOTTEN MORE THAN 700 CALLS FROM POTENTIAL APPLICANTS. ALL OF THEM WITH THAT ONE SPECIFIC QUALIFICATION — THE AUTISM ADVANTAGE. IOANNA ROUMELIOTIS, CBC NEWS, FORT LAUDERDALE.>>Andrew: STILL AHEAD ON “THE NATIONAL”… THE AMERICANS TURNING TO CROWDFUNDING TO SETTLE MEDICAL BILLS AND WHAT IT MEANS FOR THE OVERALL HEALTH OF THE COUNTRY.>>>FIRST, A TRIBUTE TO A QUEEN. ARETHA FRANKLIN WAS BORN IN MEMPHIS BUT LIVED AND DIED IN DETROIT AND TODAY THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE DESCENDED ON HER HOMETOWN TO PAY THEIR LAST RESPECTS. (*) * LOVE YOU>>Andrew: THEY STARTED ARRIVING IN THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT.>>SHE CARED FOR THE PEOPLE SO THE PEOPLE ARE HERE JUST TO SAY THANK YOU. (*)>>Andrew: AND BY THE TIME THAT THE SUN ROSE OVER DETROIT, FANS FROM AS FAR AWAY AS LAS VEGAS AND MIAMI WERE LINED UP AROUND THE BLOCK.>>SHE’S BEEN PUTTING HER LOVE INTO PEOPLE FOR MORE THAN 60 YEARS AND THIS IS THE RESULT.>>Andrew: FRANKLIN’S GOLD-PLATED CASKET WAS WHEELED INTO THIS AFRICAN AMERICAN HISTORY MUSEUM, A NOD TO THE WEIGHT HER VOICE CARRIED.>>WHEN I SAW THEM CARRYING THAT CASKET IN I JUST GOT CHILLS. I GOT SO NERVOUS AND SO WEAK THAT I COULDN’T EVEN TAKE THE PICTURE. IT WAS JUST AWESOME.>>Andrew: INSIDE FRANKLIN’S OWN GOSPEL MUSIC PLAYED ON. HER CASKET, LIKE HER LEGACY, LAID OPEN.>>TO EVEN LAY EYES ON HER LIKE THAT, IT HELPED ME OUT A LOT, YOU KNOW, BECAUSE IT’S PART OF DETROIT HISTORY.>>I WANTED TO THANK HER FOR HER LEGACY AND FOR HER CONTRIBUTIONS TO CIVIL RIGHTS.>>Andrew: PEOPLE HAVE UNTIL TOMORROW NIGHT TO SAY THEIR PERSONAL GOODBYES TO THE QUEEN OF SOUL. A STAR-STUDDED PUBLIC FUNERAL FIT FOR ROYALTY IS SET FOR THIS FRIDAY. (*)>>THERE ARE THOUSANDS AND THOUSANDS OF CAMPAIGNS AT THIS POINT AND SO MANY COMPELLING, TRAGIC STORIES THAT IT IS OVERWHELMING.>>Andrew: IMAGINE HAVING TO RELY ON THE KINDNESS OF STRANGERS JUST TO PAY YOUR MEDICAL BILLS. A GROWING NUMBER OF SICK AMERICANS ARE NOW RESORTING TO ONLINE CROWDFUNDING CAMPAIGNS JUST TO STAY AFLOAT. EARLIER THIS YEAR WE BROUGHT YOU THE STORY OF A NEW YORK COUPLE GOING THROUGH THIS VERY DILEMMA. A LIVER TRANSPLANT PUT ANDY BRATTAIN’S HEALTH UNDER STRAIN AND INTO DEEP DEBT. WE LOOK AT HOW THEY WENT PUBLIC TO CLAW THEIR WAY OUT AND WHAT STORIES LIKE THEIRS MEAN FOR THE COUNTRY AS A WHOLE. STEVEN D’SOUZA HAS THE STORY.>>A LITTLE EXTRA PROTEIN.>>Reporter: ONE MONTH AFTER HIS KIDNEY TRANSPLANT, ANDY BRATTAIN CAN’T TAKE ANY CHANCES WITH HIS BREAKFAST. HE HAS A LONG LIST OF FOODS THAT COULD HURT HIS RECOVERY.>>THE FEAR IS BACTERIA, BECAUSE PART OF MY IMMUNE SYSTEM IS SO LOW AND THEY’RE SUPPRESSING PART OF IT TO MAKE SURE THAT THE LIVER DOESN’T GET REJECTED. 9:15.>>SET ALARM. TAKE MEDS, 9:15.>>Reporter: HE HAS TO KEEP A STRICT SCHEDULE.>>THERE’S THE SECONDARY PILL ALARM. IN CASE THE FIRST ONE DOESN’T GO. TAKE PILLS. WITH FLASHING LIGHTS AND EVERYTHING.>>SO THIS IS MY CALCIUM… THIS IS MY ANTI-REJECTION MEDS.>>Reporter: IF THAT WASN’T HARD ENOUGH TO SWALLOW, AFTER THE PILLS COMES THE BILLS. THERE’S A SEEMINGLY ENDLESS STREAM OF THEM, AND EVEN WITH DECENT INSURANCE HE AND HIS HUSBAND, MATTHEW, HAVE FOUND THEMSELVES IN A HOLE.>>SO THEY PAID $10,000 OF THE $13,000.>>Reporter: IN THE DAYS AFTER HIS SURGERY WITH THE REALITY OF HOW EXPENSIVE IT IS TO GET SICK IN AMERICA SETTING IN, ANDY’S FRIENDS CONVINCED THE COUPLE TO TURN TO THE CROWD FOR HELP. THEY CREATED A GOFUNDME PAGE. THEY PUT ANDY’S STORY ONLINE AND SPREAD THE WORD TO FAMILY AND FRIENDS. THEIR INITIAL GOAL WAS $10,000.>>WE KIND OF LIVE PRETTY OPEN ABOUT EVERYTHING, BUT IT’S HARD TO ADMIT THAT YOU NEED HELP. IT’S HARD TO ADMIT THAT YOU CAN’T DO EVERYTHING.>>Reporter: HE’S NOT THE ONLY ONE WHO HAS FELT THEY HAD NOWHERE ELSE TO GO. THE LAST FEW YEARS HAS SEEN AN EXPLOSION OF CAMPAIGNS TO CROWDFUND MEDICAL EXPENSES. EVERYTHING FROM MAJOR SURGERIES TO EXPERIMENTAL DRUGS TO EVERYDAY MEDICATIONS. THE MAJORITY END UP ON GOFUNDME WHICH TOUTS ITSELF AS A DIGITAL SAFETY NET. THE SITE SAYS MORE THAN A THIRD OF THE MONEY RAISED IN 2017 WENT TO MEDICAL CAMPAIGNS. BUT BECAUSE USERS DON’T ALWAYS FILE HEALTH CARE CAMPAIGNS IN THE MEDICAL CATEGORY THEY ADMIT THAT NUMBER IS PROBABLY HIGHER. IN FACT, THE 2016 STUDY FOUND THAT $930 MILLION OF THE $2 BILLION THAT GOFUNDME HAD RAISED SINCE 2010 WENT TO MEDICAL CAMPAIGNS. THE C.E.O. OF GOFUNDME TOLD US THAT I THINK IN A PERFECT WORLD GOFUNDME WOULDN’T BE NECESSARY. BUT IN THE IMPERFECT WORLD IN WHICH WE LIVE YOU HAVE TO HAVE SOMETHING. HE SAYS IT’S A SYMPTOM OF A SICK SYSTEM. WHERE 47% OF AMERICANS SAID THEY COULDN’T FIND $400 FOR AN EMERGENCY.>>THE POTENTIAL CAMPAIGNS THAT ARE MEANT TO GIVE YOU HOPE…>>Reporter: BUT THIS IS A SUITABLE CRUTCH FOR A HOBBLED SYSTEM? SHE HAS BEEN STUDYING MEDICAL CAMPAIGNS.>>THIS IS SOMETHING THAT WE SEE AS A CANARY IN A COAL MINE.>>Reporter: SHE SAYS IN U.S. STATES WHERE THE GOVERNMENT DIDN’T EXPAND MEDICARE THEY FOUND AN INCREASE OF PEOPLE LOOKING FOR ONLINE DONATIONS.>>I DON’T THINK THAT THE GENERAL PUBLIC IS REALLY THINKING ABOUT HOW MEDICAL CROWDFUNDING IS SIGNALLING MORE OF A PROBLEM THAN IT IS A SOLUTION.>>Reporter: THEY ALSO FOUND THAT IT’S A SYSTEM WHERE THOSE IN THE MOST NEED DON’T ALWAYS GET THE MOST HELP. WINNING CAMPAIGNS ARE THOSE WHO CAN MARKET THE BEST OR ARE LUCKY ENOUGH TO GO VIRAL.>>THERE ARE THOUSANDS AND THOUSANDS OF CAMPAIGNS AT THIS POINT AND SO MANY COMPELLING, TRAGIC STORIES, THAT IT IS OVERWHELMING.>>Reporter: PHOTOS OF A HEALTHY SUBJECT, A GOOD HASHTAG, THOSE ALL HELP. SO TOO DOES HAVING A CURABLE ILLNESS.>>TO PUT IT IN A REALLY CRUDE WAY, SO THAT THE POSSIBLE DONORS FEEL THAT THEY’RE GETTING A RETURN ON THEIR INVESTMENT.>>Reporter: IN A VANCOUVER OFFICE OF CROWDFUNDING SITE FUNDRAISER C.E.O. DARRELL HADDEN SEES THAT UNFOLD ON A DAILY BASIS. HE SAYS THAT THE MAJORITY OF THE MEDICAL CAMPAIGNS ON HIS SITE ARE AMERICAN. CANADIANS ARE THERE TOO, BUT MOSTLY FOR THINGS NOT COVERED BY GOVERNMENT HEALTH CARE. HE SAYS THAT A FEW CAMPAIGNS THAT ARE LUCKY ENOUGH TO GO VIRAL SKEW EXPECTATIONS FOR EVERYONE ELSE.>>ONLY IF YOUR STORY IS REALLY COMPELLING AND IT GETS SOME MEDIA COVERAGE DOES IT GO BEYOND FRIENDS OR FRIENDS OF THEM, OUT INTO A BROADER MARKETPLACE. SO IT IS REALLY UNREALISTIC TO EXPECT THAT HIGH LEVEL OF FUNDING TO HAPPEN.>>Reporter: BERLINER FOUND THAT 90% OF THE CASES THEY STUDIED DIDN’T REACH THEIR GOAL AND ABOUT 10% RAISED LESS THAN $100. HADDEN SAYS THAT THE GROWTH CAN’T BE SUSTAINED, AND EVENTUALLY DONOR FATIGUE WILL SET IN.>>THERE’S ONLY SO MUCH THAT WE CAN SUPPORT FRIENDS AND FAMILY WITH KIND OF CROWD INSURANCE AROUND OUR HEALTH CARE. REALLY THERE’S GOT TO BE MORE SYSTEMIC WAYS TO DEAL WITH THAT.>>$16 RKSZ 445.>>Reporter: ANDY AND MATT ARE AMONG THE LUCKY ONES. THEY REACHED THEIR $10,000 GOAL WITH FAMILY AND FRIENDS AND CONNECTIONS IN THE NEW YORK THEATRE SCENE. MATT’S COMPANY ALSO PROMISED TO MATCH ANY DONATIONS BY HIS CO-WORKERS. THEY HAVE NOW RAISED THEIR GOAL TO $30,000.>>THE OUTPOURING HAS BEEN AMAZING.>>Reporter: HOW DOES IT MAKE YOU FEEL?>>REALLY LOVED AND REALLY APPRECIATED. AND THANKFUL.>>Reporter: JUST AS IMPORTANT AS THE MONEY HE SAYS THAT THE WORDS AND THE THOUGHTS SHARED THROUGH THE SITE HAVE GIVEN HIM STRENGTH, SOMETHING HE THINKS MORE AND MORE AMERICANS NEED TO TURN TO IN YEARS AHEAD. STEVEN D’SOUZA, CBC NEWS, NEW YORK.>>Andrew: EARLIER THIS SUMMER WE CHECKED IN ON BRATTAIN, HE SAID THAT HE’S DOING VERY WELL, THAT HIS BODY SEEMS TO BE ACCEPTING THE NEW LIVER. HE’S ALSO HAPPY TO REPORT THAT HE’S DEBT FREE AND HE SENT US THIS.
I’M NOT SURE WHERE THAT IS BUT IT LOOKS LIKE HE AND HIS HUSBAND MATTHEW HAVE HAD A PRETTY DECENT SUMMER.>>Rosemary: COMING UP NEXT ON “THE NATIONAL,” WE HEAD TO NEW YORK FOR OUR “MOMENT OF THE DAY.”>>>FIRST, U.S. PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP FLOATED A NEW THEORY TODAY. THIS TIME HE TARGETED GOOGLE AND ACCUSING THE WORLD’S LARGEST SEARCH ENGINE OF SKEWING ITS RESULTS.>>President Donald Trump: I THINK THAT GOOGLE IS REALLY TAKING ADVANTAGE OF A LOT OF PEOPLE. I THINK THAT IS A VERY SERIOUS THING AND IT’S A VERY SERIOUS CHARGE.>>Rosemary: TRUMP’S BEEF? THAT GOOGLE IS MOSTLY SHOWING UNFAVOURABLE NEWS ABOUT HIM. HE TWEETED THIS VERY EARLY THIS MORNING ON… “GOOGLE SEARCH RESULTS FOR “TRUMP NEWS” SHOWS ONLY THE VIEWING/REPORTING OF FAKE NEWS MEDIA. IN OTHER WORDS THEY HAVE IT RIGGED FOR ME AND OTHERS, SO THAT ALMOST ALL STORIES AND NEWS IS BAD.”
>>President Donald Trump: THEY’RE REALLY TREADING ON VERY, VERY TERRIBLE TERRITORY AND THEY HAVE TO BE CAREFUL. IT’S NOT FAIR TO LARGE PORTIONS OF
THE POPULATION.>>Rosemary: IT’S TRUE, A LOT OF STORIES ABOUT TRUMP ARE NEGATIVE, BUT IT’S ALSO KIND OF HARD TO PUT A GOOD SPIN ON THE CONVICTION OF PAUL MANAFORT, THE GUILTY PLEA OF MICHAEL COHEN OR TRUMP CALLING OMAROSA NEWMAN “A DOG.” THEY SAID TODAY THAT WHEN USERS TYPE
QUERIES INTO THE GOOGLE SEARCH BAR, OUR GOAL IS TO MAKE SURE THEY RECEIVE THE MOST RELEVANT ANSWERS IN A MATTER OF SECONDS. SEARCH IS NOT USED TO SET A POLITICAL AGENDA AND WE DON’T BIAS OUR RESULTS TOWARDS ANY POLITICAL IDEOLOGY. IT SHOULD BE NOTED THAT THE TOP GOOGLE SEARCH RESULTS FOR TRUMP TODAY HAD FOX NEWS NEAR THE TOP, WHICH SEEMED TO UNDERMINE HIS CLAIMS OF SUPPRESSION.>>Rosemary: ON A NORMAL DAY, TIMES SQUARE IS A BUSY TOURIST ATTRACTION, THERE’S FLASHING BILLBOARDS, HUGE CROWDS, PEOPLE PERFORMING IN THE STREETS. BUT AS YOU CAN SEE THERE BY THAT PICTURE, TODAY WASN’T NORMAL THANKS TO ONE ATTRACTION YOU WILL NOT FIND IN A GUIDE BOOK. A SWARM OF BEES TURNED A HOT DOG STAND UMBRELLA INTO THEIR HIVE. NYPD DISPATCHED THEIR BEEKEEPER TO VACUUM UP THE BEES AND THAT GOT PEOPLE BUZZING. IT’S OUR “MOMENT OF THE DAY.”>>IT’S THE CRAZIEST THING I’VE SEEN AND I’M ALLERGIC TO BEES.>>THERE WAS AN ANNOUNCEMENT OVER THE P.A. THEY SAID, 43rd AND 7TH IS SHUT DOWN DUE TO A SWARM OF BEES.>>IT’S SCARY. IT’S IN THE MIDDLE OF TOWN.>>IT’S FANTASTIC, IN AN ATMOSPHERE LIKE THIS.>>THE BEES WERE OUT THERE FOR LIKE 40 MINUTES BEFORE SOMEONE CAME TO VACUUM THEM UP.>>THEY CAN’T REALLY PRODUCE ANY HONEY THERE, SO WE’RE IN TROUBLE.>>I WILL KEEP MY DISTANCE.>>IT WAS A GIANT SWARM ON THE UMBRELLA, BUT APPARENTLY, A FEW PEOPLE WENT OUTSIDE TO LOOK AT IT.
THERE WERE BEES EVERYWHERE ON THAT STREET.>>Rosemary: THE HORROR. THE POLICE ESTIMATE THERE WERE 25,000 BEES OUT THERE. AND TIMES SQUARE LOOKS BIG, BUT IT’S ACTUALLY PRETTY CONCENTRATED.>>Adrienne: IT’S THE HONEY MUSTARD FOR THE HOT DOGS THAT DID IT. WE KNOW THAT. THERE’S AN NYPD PATCH ON THAT BEEKEEPER’S JACKET. DO THEY HAVE A PATCH AND UNIFORM FOR EVERYTHING? THERE ARE APPARENTLY TWO BEEKEEPERS IN THE NEW YORK POLICE DEPARTMENT. THEY HAVE THEIR OWN TWITTER ACCOUNT. NOW THEY HAVE MANY MORE FOLLOWERS, INCLUDING ME. [LAUGHTER]>>Andrew: I’M ALLERGIC TO BEES, TOO, SO I FIND IT ALL TERRIFYING.>>Rosemary: OH, NO.>>Adrienne: THERE’S A DOWNER.>>Rosemary: HAVE A GOOD SLEEP TONIGHT.>>Andrew: THAT’S “THE NATIONAL” FOR THIS AUGUST 28. GOOD NIGHT.>>Rosemary: GOOD NIGHT.

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