The National for August 16, 2019 — RCMP contacted Jody Wilson-Raybould, Canadian Attacked in NZ


PRICE OF A TICKET FOR THE WHOLE FESTIVAL? $20. THAT’S IT FOR THIS EPISODE OF “THE NATIONAL.” GOOD NIGHT.>>Ian: TONIGHT, JODY WILSON-RAYBOULD AND THE SNC-LAVALIN AFFAIR. NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN THE STORY THAT’S ROCKED OTTAWA WEEKS BEFORE THE ELECTION.>>>A CANADIAN WOMAN’S DRAMATIC ESCAPE IN NEW ZEALAND. THE RANDOM ATTACK THAT LEFT HER FIANCE DEAD AND HOW SHE MADE IT TO SAFETY.>>>HONG KONG ON EDGE. PROTESTERS WILL FILL THE STREETS THIS WEEKEND. HOW WILL CHINA RESPOND? WE’RE ON THE GROUND. THIS IS “THE NATIONAL.”>>>WE BEGIN TONIGHT WITH A NEW REVELATION IN THE SNC-LAVALIN AFFAIR. JODY WILSON-RAYBOULD TELLING CBC NEWS THE RCMP DID GIVE HER A CALL, ASKING HER ABOUT THE PRESSURE SHE SAYS SHE FACED FROM THE PRIME MINISTER’S OFFICE. THE HOST OF “POWER & POLITICS,” VASSY KAPELOS TAKES US THROUGH HOW WE FOUND OUT AND WHAT IT ALL COULD MEAN. >>Vassy: JUST AS SOON AS THE REPORT INTO THE SNC-LAVALIN WAS RELEASED, THE OPPOSITION STARTED CALLING ON THE RCMP TO INVESTIGATE. THE RCMP DOESN’T USUALLY CONDUCT THESE KINDS OF INVESTIGATIONS — JODY WILSON-RAYBOULD IF THE FORCE HAD REACHED OUT TO HER. >>I ACTUALLY HAVEN’T SEEN WHAT THE RCMP HAS SAID TODAY, BUT I LEAVE ANY POTENTIAL INVESTIGATION IN THEIR CAPABLE HANDS. >>Vassy: THEY USUALLY NEVER COMMENT UNLESS THEY LAY CHARGES, BUT THEY DID TELL THE CBC THAT THEY’RE EXAMINING THE MATTER CAREFULLY AND WILL TAKE APPROPRIATE ACTIONS AS REQUIRED. I’M JUST WONDERING HAVE THEY REACHED OUT TO YOU ON THIS?>>THEY HAVEN’T REACHED OUT TO ME, NO. >>Vassy: A DAY LATER, A CLARIFICATION. WILSON-RAYBOULD SAYS HER DENIAL WAS IN REFERENCE TO THE REPORT RELEASED ON WEDNESDAY, WHICH THEY HAVEN’T. HOWEVER, I CAN CONFIRM THAT I WAS CONTACTED THEM THIS SPRING CONCERNING INFORMATION THAT CAME TO LANGE ON FEBRUARY 7, 20 — CAME TO ATTENTION ON FEBRUARY 7, 2019. WILSON-RAYBOULD WOULD NOT ELABORATE ON THE CONTENT OF HER CALL WITH THE RCMP SO IT’S STILL UNCLEAR IF AN INVESTIGATION WAS EVER LAUNCHED OR ONE WAS NUND WAY.>>WELL, THE CONSERVATIVES ARE SAYING THIS AMOUNTS TO OBSTRUCTION OF JUSTICE AND PARTICULARLY SOMETHING THAT CAME OUT OF THE ETHICS COMMISSIONER’S REPORT — CONSERVATIVES SAY THAT AMOUNTS TO ABINSTRUCT OF JUSTICE, AND THAT’S WHAT THEY WANT THE RCMP TO INVESTIGATE. AND YOU CAN THINK THAT THE LIBERALS ARE WORRIED ABOUT IT CERTAINLY. >>Ian: “POWER & POLITICS” HOST VASSY KAPELOS, THANK YOU.>>>WE’LL HAVE MORE ON THE FALLOUT.>>>AN ARREST IN NEW ZEALAND TONIGHT IN WHAT POLICE DESCRIBED AS A RANDOM SHOOTING THAT SENT A CANADIAN WOMAN FLEEING FOR HER LIFE. BIANCA BUCKLEY SURVIVED. HER FIANCE, SEAN McKINNON, DID NOT. IT HAPPENED ABOUT TWO HOURS SOUTH OF AUCKLAND. AS TOM MURPHY REPORTS, THE VIOLENCE THAT HAPPENED THERE HAS LEFT PEOPLE SHOCKED. >>Reporter: THEY WERE THE IMAGE OF A FUN LOVING CAMPER, BUT THE IMAGE OF A SHOT UP CAMPER AND POLICE COMBING IT FOR CLUES DEPICTS A NIGHT OF TERROR. >>AT APPROXIMATELY 3:20 A.M., POLICE WERE NOTIFIED THAT A FIGURE HAD APPROACHED A VAN AND SHOTS WERE FIRED.>>Reporter: BIANCA BUCKLEY ORIGINALLY AWOKE TO A COMMOTION. HER FIANCE, SEAN McKINNON, WAS SHOT IN A CONFRONTATION. BIANCA BUCKLEY RAN THROUGH A ROCKY AREA AND THICK BRUSH AND TOOK OFF. THE VAN WAS LATER FOUND NEAR THE VILLAGE OF GORDONTON, ABOUT 75 KILOMETRES AWAY, McKINNON’S BODY STILL INSIDE. A 23-YEAR-OLD MAN IS NOW FACING CHARGES, INCLUDING MURDER AND AGGRAVATED ROBBERY. A GREAT RELIEF TO BUCKLEY. >>IT ‘S CERTAINLY A SHOCK TO THE NATION. >>Reporter: BOTH BUCKLEY AND McKINNON WERE AVID SURFERS, AND IN NOVA SCOTIA WHERE BUCKLEY USED TO CAMP HERE AND SURF IN THESE WAVES, THERE’S CONCERN. >>YEAH, TO THINK THAT THAT’S SOMETHING TO BE FEARED NOW IS REALLY UNSETTLING. >>I’M SURE THAT THE COMMUNITY WILL RALLY AND OFFER WHATEVER SUPPORT WE CAN, EVEN THOUGH IT’S QUITE FAR AWAY, BUT SHE — YEAH, SHE OBVIOUSLY HAS THIS COMMUNITY TO COME TO FOR SUPPORT. CONSULAR OFFICIALS ARE OFFERING WHATEVER HELP THEY CAN, AND HER FAMILY IS CALLING IT AN ABSOLUTELY UNBELIEVABLE EVENT. >>Ian: LET’S TURN TO WHAT NOW CAN BE ANOTHER CHAOTIC AND VIOLENT WEEKEND IN HONG KONG. IT’S BEEN REASONABLY QUIET IN THE CITY FOR A COUPLE OF DAYS, BUT AS MANY AS 1 MILLION PEOPLE COULD HIT THE STREETS THIS WEEKEND. CHRIS BROWN SETS THE STAGE FOR US TONIGHT. >>Reporter: WHAT COULD BE A PIVOTAL MOMENT IN HONG KONG’S DEMOCRACY MOMENT IN WHAT MANY SEES AS CREEPING IN ON DEMOCRACY FROM CHINA. >>WE’D LIKE TO TELL CHINA, WE HAVE OUR OWN CULTURE, WE HAVE OUR OWN BELIEVES. >>Reporter: THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE — BELIEFS. >>Reporter: THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE CHANTING, PROTESTERS, SAYING THAT PEOPLE MUST GET INVOLVED. THE SPEAKERS URGE FOREIGN DEMOCRACY TO STOP SITTING ON THE SIDELINES AND STOP FEARING ANGERING CHINA. JUST 23, JOSHUA WONG HAS BEEN LEADING PRODEMOCRACY DEMONSTRATIONS HERE FOR ALMOST A DECADE. HE TALKED TO US EARLIER IN THE DAY. >>I HOPE THAT INTERNATIONAL LEADERS CAN SEND A MESSAGE TO XI JINPING. GIVE US OUR DEMOCRACY. >>Reporter: AND WHILE PROTESTERS ARE HOLDING RALLIES, PROPOLICE RALLIES ARE BEING HELD, TOO. >>I THINK SOME OF OUR TRADES HAVE BEEN SERIOUSLY AFFECTED. >>Reporter: ON THIS NIGHT, POLICE WATCHED QUIETLY FROM THE SIDELINES AND INSISTED TODAY THEY ARE TOTALLY IN CONTROL, THOUGH NO DOUBT WARY OF THE LARGER DEMONSTRATIONS AND RALLIES AHEAD. >>PERSONALLY, I’LL BE JOINING EVERY RALLY AND MEETING. SATURDAY IS THE TEACHERS MEETING, AND THEN ON SUNDAY, IT’S THE BIG RALLY. >>Ian: GIVE US A SENSE OF WHAT’S EXPECTED — WHAT WE’RE EXPECTED TO SEE THIS WEEKEND. >>Reporter: THE QUESTION IS TO WHAT EXTEND THIS PRO — WHAT EXTENT THIS PRODEMOCRACY MOVEMENT HAS SUPPORT, NOT TO MENTION THAT PEOPLE IN HONG KONG HAVE BEEN DEALING WITH THESE DISRUPTIONS HERE NOW FOR THREE MONTHS. IF ORGANIZERS DON’T GET HALF A MILLION TO 1 MILLION PEOPLE, PEOPLE ARE GOING TO SAY WELL, SUPPORT IS EBBING. >>Ian: ALL RIGHT, CHRIS. THANK YOU. AND BEIJING IS ALSO FIGHTING TO WIN HEARTS AND MINDS. THE CHINESE GOVERNMENT’S STRATEGY SEEMS TO BE UNDERCUT THE MOVEMENT HOWEVER POSSIBLE. NEWS COMING OUT OF THE AIRPORT THIS WEEK IS FOCUSED ON URGENT DEMOCRACY, BUT CHINESE STATE MEDIA DESCRIBING THE PROTESTS AS SOMETHING OUT OF A HORROR FILM WHILE JOURNALISTS ARE HECKLED AND THE ELDERLY HARRASSED. CHINESE STATE MEDIA IS FOCUSED ON DISCREDITING THE MESSAGE OF THE PROTESTERS, INCLUDING THEIR OUTRAGE OVER POLICE VIOLENCE. ANGER SPIKED AFTER A MEDIC WAS SHOT IN THE EYE, BUT THE STATE MEDIA SAYS PROTESTERS WERE RESPONSIBLE FOR HER INJURY, EVEN SUGGESTING THE INJURY WAS A HOAX PAID FOR BY THE PROTESTERS. >>THIS HAS ALREADY BEEN FOUND TO BE UNTRUE, BUT THESE KINDS OF STORIES ARE BEING CIRCULATED WIDELY IN CHINA. >>Ian: HE SAYS THAT STATE MEDIA IS ALSO EXPRESSING CHARGE SUPPORT FOR THE POLICE, AND IT’S NOT JUST STATE MEDIA MANAGING THE NARRATIVE. IT’S ALSO THE POLITICIANS. CONSIDER A STATEMENT MADE BY CHIEF EXECUTIVE CARRIE LAM. >>THEY DID NOT MIND DESTROYING HONG KONG’S ECONOMY. THEY HAVE NO STAKE IN THE ECONOMY WHICH SO MANY PEOPLE HAVE HELPED TO BUILD. THIS IS ALSO THE CONSENSUS OF 33 MEMBERS OF THE BUSINESS SECTOR. >>Ian: BUT NOT EVERYONE’S BUYING THAT. THE FOLLOWING DAY, A SEGMENT OF THE BUSINESS SECTOR SAYS IT’S MISLEADING TO BLAME THE PROTESTERS FOR AN ECONOMIC SLOW DOWN THAT STARTED BEFORE THE PROTESTS BEGAN. >>>SOME OTHER STORIES THAT WE’RE FOLLOWING ON “THE NATIONAL.” JEFFREY EPSTEIN’S DEATH HAS BEEN RULED A SUICIDE. THE MEDICAL EXAMINER SAID THAT EPSTEIN HANGED HIMSELF IN HIS CELL EARLY SATURDAY MORNING. THE U.S. JUSTICE DEPARTMENT HAS LAUNCHED AN INVESTIGATION. >>>THOUSANDS OF TRAVELERS FACED LENGTHY DELAYS TODAY AS U.S. CUSTOMS WERE HIT WITH A WIDESPREAD COMPUTER OUTAGE. TORONTO PEARSON AFFECTED ON THE BUSIEST DAY OF THE YEAR. >>>AND SOME SAD NEWS ON-LINE. ACTOR PETER FONDA HAS DIED AFTER A BATTLE WITH LUNG CANCER. HE WAS BEST KNOWN FOR STARRING IN THE CONSULT CLASSIC “EASY RIDER.” HE DIED EARLY THIS MORNING. >>>AND ISRAEL ANNOUNCED IT WILL ALLOW RASHIDA TLAIB TO VISIT THE WEST BANK, BUT THAT’S NOT HOW TLAIB SEES IT. >>Reporter: IN A STATEMENT, TLAIB WROTE, I WILL NOT ALLOW THE ISRAELI GOVERNMENT TO HUMILIATE ME OR MY FAMILY OR ALLOW US TO SEEK OUT. >>President Donald Trump: THEY ARE VERY ANTIJEWISH AND THEY’RE VERY ANTIISRAEL. I THINK IT’S DISGRACEFUL. >>Reporter: I SAY REAL’S PRIME MINISTER POINTED TO THE BOYCOTT ISRAEL MOVEMENT. WE’RE NOT WILLING TO WORK WITH PEOPLE WHO WANT TO DELEGITIMIZE THE ISRAEL GOVERNMENT. TLAIB THEN ASKED TO SEE HER 90-YEAR-OLD GRANDMOTHER IN THE WEST BANK. SHE SAID SHE WOULD RESPECT ANY RESTRICTIONS AND NOT PROMOTE B.D.S. WHILE THERE. ISRAEL SAID YES, BUT THEN, TLAIB CHANGED HER MIND WITH THE SUPPORT OF RELATIVES SHE NOW WON’T SEE. WE ARE AGAINST THE CONDITIONAL VISIT SAID TLAIB’S UNCLE. MEANWHILE, TRUMP ACCUSED TLAIB OF GRAND STANDING AND A SETUP. >>>MEANWHILE, THE DEMOCRAT-CONTROLLED OUT VOTED TO BAN OP POSING ISRAEL. >>CONTRARY TO THE VALUES OF ISRAEL, THE VALUES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA WHICH HAVE BEEN THE UNDER LAYING FOUNDATION OF HER RELATIONSHIP. >>Reporter: DID PRESIDENT TRUMP PRESSURE A FOREIGN COUNTRY TO PUNISH LAW MAKERS BECAUSE THEY’RE CRITICAL OF HIM AT HOME? ELLEN MORROW, CBC NEWS, WASHINGTON. >>Ian: SO A LITTLE CLARITY ON EXACTLY WHY ISRAEL BARRED THE CONGRESS WOMAN FROM MAKING AN OFFICIAL VISIT. ESSENTIALLY, IT’S THE SUPPORT OF A PALESTINAN ACT OF B.D.S., BOYCOTT, DIVEST AND SANCTION. BY ISRAELI LAW, B.D.S. SUPPORTERS CAN BE DENIED ENTRY INTO THE COUNTRY. >>>AND AHEAD, WHY SOMETHING WEIRD IS HAPPENING OFF THE COAST OF NOVA SCOTIA. >>>PLUS, WHY ISN’T THERE MORE WOMEN ON COUNTRY MUSIC RADIO. >>SO LOOKING AT THE COUNTRY MUSIC CHARTS BETWEEN 2000 AND 2018, THERE IS A 67% DECLINE IN THE NUMBER OF WOMEN, WHICH IS TERRIBLE. >>Ian: AND WITH NO PLAY, LET PAY. HOW IT’S COSTING WOMEN WITH FEW YOU ARE OPPORTUNITIES. >>>AND IN CASE YOU MISSED IT, U.S. PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP SEEMS MORE INTERESTED IN SOME REAL ESTATE. ACCORDING TO THE U.S. NEWS AND WORLD REPORT, HE’S GOT EYES ON THE WORLD’S BIGGEST ISLAND, GREEN LAND. ACCORDING TO ADVISORS, HE’S REQUIRED ABOUT BUYING THE ISLAND. THE RESPONSE WAS IMMEDIATE AND UNFAVORABLE. THE FORMER DANISH P.M. WONDERS IF IT’S A MID-AUGUST APRIL’S DAY PRANK. FORMER AMBASSADOR TO DENMARK CALLED THE IDEA A COMPLETE AND TOTAL CATASTROPHY. NOW, TO BE FAIR, ONE OF THE ADVISORS SAID TRUMP WAS ONLY JOKING, BUT IT WOULDN’T BE UNPRECEDENTED. AFTER ALL, THE U.S. PURCHASED LOUISIANA IN 1803 AND ALASKA FROM THE RUSSIANS IN 1867, AND IT DOES HAVE A LONG-STANDING RELATIONSHIP WITH GREEN LAN >>Ian: LET’S RETURN TO OUR TOP STORY NOW. JODY WILSON-RAYBOULD TELLING CBC NEWS SHE WAS INTERVIEWED BY THE RCMP. THAT CAPS OFF A WEEK OF DRAMATIC REVELATIONS IN THE SNC-LAVALIN AFFAIR. IN A MINUTE, HOW THE LIBERALS ARE TRYING TO TURN THE PAGE WITH A NEW BILLION-DOLLAR ANNOUNCEMENT WEEKS BEFORE THE ELECTION. >>>BUT FIRST, A SCANDAL ROOTED IN THE HEART OF THE ELECTION SYSTEM ARE RAISING QUESTIONS FROM THOSE AT THE VERY TOP OF IT. THIS REPORT PUTS THE SPOTLIGHT DONE ON RETIRED SUPREME COURT JUSTICES. >>IF I COULD SEE THE HARM, I’D BE VERY ANXIOUS TO CORRECT THE HARM. MY PROBLEM IS I DON’T SEE HARM. >>Reporter: PERPLEXED BY QUESTIONS ABOUT THE SNC-LAVALIN AFFAIR, FORMER SUPREME COURT JUSTICE JOHN MAJOR RAISES HIS OWN. >>HE’S NOT A LAWYER. HE’S ASKED FOR A LEGAL OPINION, AND HE GETS A LEGAL OPINION. WHAT CAUSES THE ANXIETY? >>Reporter: MAJOR WAS NAMED, ALONG WITH ANOTHER SUPREME COURT JUSTICE, IN THIS WEEK’S BOMBSHELL REPORT. THEY WERE SOUGHT BY SNC-LAVALIN TO PROVIDE LEGAL ADVICE TO AVOID CRIMINAL PROSECUTION. JODY WILSON-RAYBOULD SOUGHT OUT A RETIRED JUSTICE OF HER OWN. THOMAS CROMWELL ADVISED HER ON THE BENEFITS OF SOLICITOR-CLIENT PRIVILEGE. WHILE NONE OF THIS IS ILLEGAL, THIS WITNESS SAYS THE PROBLEM IS PERCEPTION. >>THE LINE BETWEEN INDEPENDENT JUDGES AND THE WORLD OF POLITICS SEEMS TO BE BLURRED A LITTLE BIT. WHILE THEY ARE NO LONGER ON THE COURT, I THINK A LOT OF PEOPLE WOULD STILL SEE THEM AS BEING REPRESENTATIVE OF THE COURT. >>Reporter: HE SAYS JUSTICES WORKING AFTER LEAVING THE BENCH IS A RELATIVELY RECENT PHENOMENON. >>I THINK MANY OF THEM ARE NOT WILLING TO SIT AROUND IN THE ROCKING CHAIR APPROACH KIND OF RETIREMENT. >>Reporter: MAJOR AGREES THAT RETIRED SUPREME COURT JUSTICES SHOULDN’T APPEAR IN COURT BUT SAYS A BAN ON PRACTICING LAW WOULD GO TOO FAR. >>TO SAY TO A RETIRED JUDGE YOU SHOULD BE A MUTE SEEMS TO BE A LITTLE EXTREME. >>Reporter: THAT’S THE BIGGEST QUESTION THE JUDICIAL BRANCH WILL HAVE TO WEIGH AS IT PREPARES TO ISSUE NEW ETHICS FOR SUPREME COURT JUDGES NEXT YEAR. >>Ian: IT APPEARS THE LIBERALS TRIED TO CHANGE THE CHANNEL FROM THE SNC-LAVALIN AFFAIR TODAY WITH A $1.7 BILLION AID PACKAGE. THE MONEY IS FOR A SPECIFIC INDUSTRY ANNOUNCED IN A SPECIFIC PROVINCE FOR A SPECIFIC REASON. >>Reporter:>>I’M LOSING ABOUT $20,000 A YEAR ON THE TRADE — ON IMPORTS THAT WERE COMING INTO CANADA, SO THAT HURTS. >>Reporter: BUT TODAY, THE PROVINCE FOLLOWED THROUGH ON A PROGRAMME TO HELP HIM AND OTHER DAIRY FARMERS. >>I’M PLEASED TO ANNOUNCE THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT WILL MAKE AVAILABLE $1.75 BILLION OVER THREE YEARS TO CANADA’S DAIRY PRODUCERS. >>Reporter: THE LOCATION FOR THE ANNOUNCEMENT WAS STRATEGIC, A QUEBEC FARM, AND A KEY BATTLE GROUND IN THE UPCOMING ELECTION. >>THE ANDREW SCHEER CONSERVATIVES WERE ASKING US DAY AFTER DAY IN THE HOUSE OF COMMONS TO SIGN A NEW NAFTA WHILE DISMANTLING THE SUPPLY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM WAS STILL ON THE NEGOTIATION TABLE. >>Reporter: TODAY’S ANNOUNCEMENT ECHOED A PROMISE MADE BY THE PREVIOUS GOVERNMENT, WHICH THE CONSERVATIVES POINTED OUT. >>ESSENTIALLY, IT TOOK THE LIBERALS FOUR YEARS TO COME OUT WITH THE SAME PLAN THAT STEPHEN HARPER POINTED OUT JUST BEFORE HE LOST THE ELECTION. >>I THINK THEY’RE TROLL AING FOR VOTES. >>THE AVERAGE FARM IS EXPECTED TO RECEIVE ABOUT $20,000 A YEAR. >>WE ARE THE INDUSTRY THAT GAVE US THE MOST TO GET THIS DEAL SIGNED, AND IT’S JUST A SIGN THAT, YOU KNOW, THEY’RE TRYING TO BE — THEY’RE TRYING TO COMPENSATE US FAIRLY. >>Reporter: BUT WHAT HE REALLY WANTS IS TO PRODUCE MORE MILK, NOT TAKE OUT MORE HANDOUTS, ASHLEY BURKE, CBC NEWS, OTTAWA. >>Ian: STILL ON TONIGHT’S “THE NATIONAL,” THE FEMALE GENDER AND COUNTRY >>Ian: FROM TAMMY TO DOLLY TO REBA TO SHANIA, THE HISTORY OF COUNTRY MUSIC IS FULL OF FEMALE SUPERSTARS. THEY’RE SOME OF THE GENRE’S MOST AWARDED ACTS, AND TONIGHT, ARTISTS LIKE CARRIE UNDERWOOD AND MIRANDA LAMBERT CONTINUE TO SELL OUT STADIUMS. BUT TODAY, SOME FEMALE ARTISTS SAY THEIR VOICES HAVE BEEN MUTED COMPARED TO THEIR MAIL COUNTERPARTS. DEANA SUMANAC-JOHNSON ON THE FIGHT FOR FAIR REPRESENTATION. >>Reporter: MORE THAN JUST A COUNTRY MUSIC FAN, PROFESSOR JADA WATSON IS NOW A CHAMPION OF WOMEN IN MANY COUNTRIES. RECENTLY, WATSON DUG INTO THE COUNTRY CHARTS LOOKING AT HOW MANY AIR PLAY FEMALE COUNTRY ARTISTS GET ON RADIO STATIONS. >>BETWEEN 2000 AND 2018, THERE WAS A 66% DECLINE, WHICH IS STRIKINGLY TERRIBLE. >>Reporter: AND THAT PUTS WOMEN ARTISTS AS A HUGE DISADVANTAGE. >>YOU WON’T GET PUBLISHING DEALS, SONG WRITERS WON’T WANT TO WORK WITH YOU. WOMEN WON’T GET TO HEADLINE TOURS. >>Reporter: WHILE THE NUMBERS SPEAK FOR THEMSELVES, WHY THIS IS HAPPENING IS A LITTLE MORE COMPLEX. SOME RADIO PROGRAMMERS SAY THERE’S JUST FEW YOU ARE FEMALE ARTISTS OUT THERE THAN MALE ARTISTS, ESPECIALLY ASSIGNED TO MAJOR LABELS. >>I AND ATTRIBUTE THAT TO CONTENT. >>Reporter: THIS VETERAN RADIO CONSULTANT SAYS THERE’S ANOTHER REASON WOMEN AREN’T GETTING AIR PLAY. >>I DON’T BELIEVE THERE’S A HIDDEN AGENDA IN THE — IN THE COUNTRY MUSIC INDUSTRY TO KEEP FEMALES DOWN. >>Reporter: HE SAYS WHAT’S PLAYED ON COUNTRY RADIO HAS SIMPLY BEEN A REFLECTION OF AUDIENCE TASTE. >>WE HAVE A CYCLICAL NATURE TO THE FORMAT. EVERY FIVE OR TEN YEARS, IT CHANGES. THE MOST RECENT WAS WHAT’S CALLED THE BRO COUNTRY MOVEMENT. GIRLS WITH SHORT SHORTS AND PICK UP TRUCKS AND BEER CANS AND MOON LIGHT AND THOSE KINDS OF THINGS. IT’S HARD FOR A FEMALE ARTIST TO SING ABOUT THOSE THINGS. >>I THINK IT IS RIDICULOUS THAT COUNTRY PROGRAMMERS WILL NOT PLAY BACK TO BACK WOMEN, THAT THEY SAY WOMEN DON’T WANT TO HEAR WOMEN. COME TO MY SHOWS AND WATCH WOMEN SING EVERY WORD. >>Reporter: MANY FEMALE STARS ARE TEAMING UP TO HELP CHANGE THAT SYSTEM. SOME ARE CHOOSING OTHER FEMALE ARTISTS TO TOUR WITH. >>I’M GOING TO TOUR WITH — IT’S MIRANDA LAMBERT, ME, AND THE OLD TOWN, ELLE KING, THE PISTOL ANNIES, MAREN MORRIS. >>NOT TO MENTION STREAMING PLATFORMS, WHERE FANS CAN HEAR THEM AS OFTEN AS THEY WANT. DEANA SUMANAC-JOHNSON, CBC NEWS, ONTARIO. >>Ian: JUST AHEAD, HOW A NORTHERN CANADIAN TOWN IS SLOWLY ERODING BECAUSE OF CLIMATE CHANGE. >>Reporter: WHAT DO YOU FEAR? >>I FEAR THAT MY HOUSE IS GOING TO FALL INTO THE . >>Ian: CHANGING LAND AND CHANGING OCEAN. SOME OF THE ASPECTS OF CANADIAN LIFE THAT WERE ONCE SO CERTAIN AREN’T ANYMORE. WE HAVE THREE EXAMPLES OF THAT. ONE, THE SHIFTING GROUND OF THE CANADIAN NORTH AFFECTING EVERYTHING FROM FOUNDATIONS TO ROADS. THE OTHER, NEW COLORFUL CREATURES NOW SWIMMING OFF THE COAST OF NOVA SCOTIA. >>Reporter: AFTER 23 YEARS OF DIVING, THIS IS NOT WHAT RAY GARNES EXPECTED TO FIND OFF THE COAST OF NOVA SCOTIA. VIBRANT BUTTERFLY FISH, SEA HORSES, SPECIES HE’S SEEN IN MEXICO BUT NEVER THOUGHT HE’D SEE AT HOME. HE SUITS UP A COUPLE OF TIMES A WEEK, ALWAYS TAKING HIS UNDERWATER CAMERA. >>I REMEMBER THE BUTTERFLY FISH. I’VE SEEN MANY THIS YEAR, AND NOT IN ONE LOCATION. MULTIPLE LOCATIONS. >>Reporter: HE MOVES SLOWLY. HE BELIEVES HE’S SEEING TROPICAL FISH BECAUSE THE COLD NORTH ATLANTIC WATERS ARE CHANGING. EXPERTS AGREE. SUBTROPICAL WATERS ARE PUSHING NORTH, CARRYING SMALL SPECIES WITH THEM. >>Reporter: SO FAR THIS YEAR, WATER TEMPERATURES AREN’T ABNORMALLY HIGH, BUT THAT COMES ON THE HEELS OF RISING WATER TEMPERATURES, INCLUDING LAST YEAR, WHICH BROKE TEMPERATURE RECORDS FROM NOVA SCOTIA TO NEWFOUNDLAND. FOR NOW, IT’S UNLIKELY THE TROPICAL FISH STAND A CHANCE COMPETING WITH THE HEARTIER LOCAL SPECIES. >>YOU’RE HAPPY TO SEE THEM, BUT IT’S BITTER SWEET BECAUSE YOU KNOW THEY’RE GOING TO DIE OFF WITH THE FIRST COLD SNAP. >>Reporter: AN UNNATURAL AND TEMPORARY BEAUTY. SHAINA LOUGH, CBC NEWS, NOVA SCOTIA. >>Ian: AND UP IN TUKTOYAKTUK, PERMAFROST, SOMETHING THAT SEEMED SO PERMANENT, NOW IS SHIFTING. >>Reporter: INSIDE AN HISTORIC CHURCH ABOVE THE ARCTIC CIRCLE IS A STORY OF OUR WARMING CLIMATE. >>BE CAREFUL. WATCH YOUR STEP. LOW CEILING, AS WELL, AND DARK. >>Reporter: PARISHIONER JOE LABOIE OFFERED TO SHOW US WHAT YOU CAN’T SEE. >>IF YOU LOOK TO THAT SIDE, YOU SEE THE GAP IN THE ROOF, THE BLOCKING, AND THE POSTS. >>Reporter: OH, YEAH. >>IT’S BEEN BLOCKED AND REBLOCKED SEVERAL TIMES. ONE TIME, THERE WAS A FUNERAL SERVICE GOING ON. THERE WAS APPROXIMATELY 200 PEOPLE ATTENDING, AND THE FLOOR WAS SHAKING PRETTY BAD. SO AFTER THE SERVICE, I ASKED THE FATHER IF WE SHOULD TAKE A LOOK, AND ABOUT 50% OF THESE POSTS WERE DOWN. >>Reporter: THE IGLOO CHURCH, AS IT’S CALLED, WAS BUILD ON TOP OF SIX LAYERS OF EARTH AND SOLID ICE, BUT THAT CONCEALED PERMAFROST IS NOW THAWING. >>I COULD ROLL A MARBLE HERE. >>Reporter: I SURE DON’T WANT IT TO COLLAPSE. >>ABSOLUTELY NOT. I’M SURE THAT WOULD BE A REAL TRAGEDY. >>Reporter: THE TOWN INUVIK WAS ONLY INCORPORATED IN 1961, TRADITION IS BAKED INTO THE CULTURE. JUST LIKE THE CERTAINTY OF 24 HOURS OF SUN LIGHT IN SUMMER AND A DARK, FROZEN LANDSCAPE IN WINTER. BUT ASK ANYONE HERE, THE WESTERN ARCTIC IS WARMING, FASTER THAN ANYONE ELSE IN CANADA, MEAN TEMPERATURES RISING A STAGGERING 3.5° OVER 50 YEARS. MOST OF THE WESTERN ARCTIC IS UNDERPINNED BY ICY PERMAFROST AND AS IT DEGRADES IT’S CAUSING ALL KINDS OF CHALLENGES. THE CLIMATE IS NOT JUST WARMER HERE, IT’S WETTER. THEY’RE MOTORING UP A BRANCH OF THE MACKENZIE RIVER, WHICH IN WINTER, IS AN ICE HIGHWAY. THIS IS A PROFESSOR THAT WORKS AT THE AURORA RESEARCH INSTITUTE. HE WANTED TO SHOW US THE DRAMATIC CHANGES IN THE CARIBOU HILLS AT A REMOTE CAMP CALLED CARIBOU STATION. >>THE TOP OF THAT IS THAWING. >>Reporter: YEARS AGO, THIS WAS A HUDSON’S BAY TRADING POST, SOLIDLY BUILT ON ICE LIKE EVERYTHING IN THE TRADING POST. BUT THAT SCAR ON THE HILL WAS RECENTLY CAUSED BY A LAND SLIDE. >>Reporter: AND THIS WASN’T THE ONLY ONE THAT NIGHT. >>NO. THERE’S 87 FROM THAT NIGHT IN ABOUT 70 KILOMETRES OF HILLSIDE, SO IT’S A PHENOMENAL EVENT. >>Reporter: THIS IS A RETREAT NOW. NO ONE LIVES HERE PERMANENTLY, BUT THE CLIMATE IS CHANGING THE SAME IN POP YOU LATED AREAS. >>WE HAVE TO FIGURE OUT WHAT WE’RE GOING TO DO IN THE FUTURE, AND WE HAVE NO BASIS TO BELIEVE THAT THIS WILL NOT CONTINUE. IT WON’T STOP NOW, SO THEN, WHEN WE MAKE AN INVESTMENT IN A BUILDING WHICH IS MEANT TO LAST 50 YEARS, IF, IN 15 YEARS, IT’S NO GOOD, WE’VE WASTED A HUGE AMOUNT OF RESOURCES. >>Reporter: INUVIK IS ADAPTING. AN ABOVE-GROUND SYSTEM IS BEING RETROFITTED, BUT IT’S JUST PATCH WORK. BACK IN THE 60’S WHEN INUVIK WAS BUILT, PERMAFROST SEEMED A MORE RELIABLE, SOLID CORE. IT WAS FROM TIME TO TIME — PRIME MINISTER JOHN DIEFENBAKER’S DREAM. A ROAD LEADING NORTH CANADA TO THE ARCTIC. OPENED IN 1979, A CONSTRUCTION MARVEL OVER 700 KILOMETRES OF TUNDRA. BUT EVERY YEAR, IT COSTS MORE TO UPGRADE THE HIGHWAY. CONSTRUCTION COSTS RISING EVERY YEAR HAS PUSHED UP COSTS BY THE MILLIONS. >>IT’S KIND OF LIKE THE LIFE BLOOD OF THE WESTERN ARCTIC. >>Reporter: STEVE IS WITH THE NORTHWEST TERRITORY’S GEOWLOJ CAL SURVEY. — GEOLOGICAL SURVEY. HE’S BEEN UP AND DOWN THE DEMSTER FOR A DECADE. >>THE FROZEN GROUND BENEATH THE ROAD EMBANKMENT PROVIDES A FOUNDATION FOR THE EMBANKMENT. >>Reporter: BUT THIS ROAD IS HIGHER AND WETTER HERE, AND THE ROAD IS SHOWING FATIGUE. SO CLEARLY, THERE IS A HOLE ON THE SIDE OF THE ROAD. >>YEAH. WE HAVE A SLOPE WHERE WATER IS COLLECTING ON THE SIDE OF THE ROAD, AND THE COMBINATION OF WARMING CLIMATE, THE IMPACT OF THE ROAD AND THE MOISTURE IS CAUSING THE ICE RIDGE PERMAFROST THAWS, AND THEN, THE GROUND SETTLES PROPORTIONATE TO HOW MUCH ICE IS IN THE GROUND. >>Reporter: NOW YOU TOLD ME ACROSS HERE, THIS HAPPENED ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THE ROAD FIRST. >>YES. >>Reporter: STEVE EXPLAINS THAT LOAD AFTER LOAD OF GRAVEL HAS BEEN DUMPED INTO THIS SUBSIDENCE JUST TO KEEP THIS FROM SLIDING OFF, BUT IT LEADS TO A KEY QUESTION. >>Reporter: DO WE START TO FIX IT OR DO WE START TO ADAPT DIFFERENTLY. >>YEAH. I THINK THAT’S A REALLY IMPORTANT DISCUSSION. IT REALLY HIGHLIGHTS THE NEED TO START TO THINK INNOHAVATIVELY BECAUSE THESE OBSTRUCTIONS ARE GOING TO BECOME MORE COMMONPLACE. >>Reporter: A FEW KILOMETRES DOWN THE ROAD, WE CLAMOR UP TO A HIGH RIDGE. ED THE HEAD WALL HERE HAS BEEN CARVED OUT, EXPOSING A WALL OF ICE. >>Reporter: SO THAT’S WHAT’S THAWING. >>THAT’S EXACTLY WHAT’S THROUGHING. >>Reporter: IT’S CREATING A GULLY OF MUD, PUSHING TOWARDS THE DEMPSTER HIGHWAY. >>THAT’S DEVELOPED IN THE LAST TWO YEARS. >>Reporter: CANADA’S PERMAFROST PROBLEM HAS BECOME A HOT RESEARCH ENVIRONMENT. A RECENT SENATE REPORT IDENTIFIED NORTHERN INFRASTRUCTURE AS AN URGENT PRIORITY. THE CHALLENGE IS LURING INTERNATIONAL SCIENTISTS AND STUDENTS, LIKE THIS UNIVERSITY TEAM ON A FIELD TRIP TO STUDY THE ICE UNDER THE TUNDRA. TRAVELING FURTHER NORTH ON A NEW HIGHWAY, WE HEAD TOWARDS TU T TUKTOYAKTUK, ON THE BUFORD SEA. MERVYN GRUBIN, THE MAYOR OF TUK, GREW UP HERE. >>SEE ALL THE LIFE, THE LAND THAT’S MELTING. >>Reporter: OUT ON THE POINT, GRUBIN’S ANCESTORS ARE BURIED PERILOUSLY CLOSE TO THE SEA. THE CEMETERY IS VULNERABLE. WITH MORE EROSION, IT COULD FALL INTO THE OCEAN, BUT MOVING THE GRAVES IS A LAST RESORT. >>I DON’T KNOW. LIKE, WE’RE– THAT’S ALL A HOLE OF PERMAFROST. >>Reporter: THE DUAL THREAT OF RISING SEAS AND THAWING PER PERMAFROST IS UNDENIABLE. THIS MAN’S HOUSE IS RIGHT NEAR THE COAST, AND DURING THE LAST 50 YEARS, HE’S WATCHED THE COAST LINE STEADILY ERODE. HOW FAR DID THE COAST LINE GO OUT? >>OUT TO THE WATERS OUT THERE. >>Reporter: WHAT DO YOU FEAR? >>I FEAR MY HOUSE IS GOING TO FALL INTO THE OCEAN. >>Reporter: HIS HOUSE IS ON AN EMERGENCY LIST TO BE MOVED INLAND. FIVE OTHERS ALREADY HAVE. >>Reporter: I GUESS THWHY DON’T YOU WANT TO GO? >>I’M USED TO LIVING ON THE POINT. COOLER, COME FROM THE OCEAN IN SUMMERTIME, AND YOU DON’T GET AS MUCH BUGS AS INLAND. IT’S BETTER OUT HERE. >>Reporter: COASTAL EROSION COULD COST TUKTOYAKTUK UP TO $50 MILLION, A BUDGET THAT IT DOESN’T ALREADY HAVE. ENVIRONMENT MINISTER CATHERINE McKENNA ON A RECENT TRIP TO TUK WAS PRESSED TO INCREASE SUPPORT FOR CLIMATE CHANGE COSTS. SO ONE OF THE THINGS THEY SAY IS LOOK, WE’VE STUDIED IT ENOUGH. WE CAN’T AFFORD THE CHANGES THAT ARE HAPPENING IN THE ARCTIC. >>WELL, WE HAVE MADE INVESTMENTS AND CONTINUE TO MAKE INVESTMENTS, BUT WE’RE GOING TO HAVE TO NEED TO RELOOK AT IT, HOW WE CONTINUE TO BUILD RESILIENT INFRASTRUCTURE. WE’RE GOING TO HAVE TO RELOOK AT IT SO THAT COMMUNITIES ARE RESILIENT TO CLIMATE CHANGE. >>Reporter: IN THIS LAND, CHANGE HAS ALREADY COME. SUSAN ORMISTON, CBC NEWS, TUKK >>Ian: A YOUNG COUPLE WRAPPED IN EACH OTHER’S ARMED UNDER A MUDDY BLANKET PRECISELY FIVE DECADES AGO THIS WEEKEND. HOW COULD THEY HAVE KNOWN THIS SIMPLE PHOTO WOULD GO ON TO SYMBOLIZE THE DEFINING MUSIC EVENT OF A GENERATION? THAT PICTURE OF COURSE WAS FROM WOODSTOCK IN 1969 AND IT HAS ITS OWN MOMENT. THAT’S OUR “MOMENT.” >>YOU CAN LOOK AT THAT PICTURE AND SAY THAT’S NOT YOU, BUT I KNOW IT’S ME. I CHECKED IN WITH A GUY FROM MONTREAL, AND WHEN THAT PICTURE HAD BEEN TAKEN, WE WERE CAUGHT IN THE RAIN WITHOUT BEING PROPERLY DRESSED. IT WASN’T COLD. MY MOM HELPED ME MAKE THAT DRESS. I MADE IT FROM AN INDIAN BLANKET. MY MOM KNEW, MY FRIENDS KNEW, BUT IT WAS SOMETHING THAT I KEPT QUIET BECAUSE OF MY SCHOOLTEACHER LIFE. IF JOHN IS STILL ALIVE, I WOULD LOVE TO HEAR FROM HIM. >>Ian: ALL RIGHT. JOHN, IT’S IN YOUR COURT NOW. YOU HAVE TO GIVE JESSIE A CALL. I REMEMBER READING IF EVERYBODY WHO SAID THEY WERE AT WOODSTOCK WERE AT WOODSTOCK, THERE WOULD HAVE BEEN 5 MILLION PEOPLE THERE. AND THE COST OF A TICKET FOR ALL THREE DAYS? $20. APPARENTLY, THE GUYS COLLECTING THE MONEY DIDN’T EVEN ASK FOR THE MONEY. ANY WAYS, THAT IS “THE NATIONAL” FOR THIS FRIDAY, AUGUST 16. 6.6.6.6.6.6.6.6.6.6.6.6.6.6.6.6.6.6.6.6.6.
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