The incredible inventions of intuitive AI | Maurice Conti


Translator: Leslie Gauthier
Reviewer: Camille Martínez How many of you are creatives, designers, engineers,
entrepreneurs, artists, or maybe you just have
a really big imagination? Show of hands? (Cheers) That’s most of you. I have some news for us creatives. Over the course of the next 20 years, more will change around
the way we do our work than has happened in the last 2,000. In fact, I think we’re at the dawn
of a new age in human history. Now, there have been four major historical
eras defined by the way we work. The Hunter-Gatherer Age
lasted several million years. And then the Agricultural Age
lasted several thousand years. The Industrial Age lasted
a couple of centuries. And now the Information Age
has lasted just a few decades. And now today, we’re on the cusp
of our next great era as a species. Welcome to the Augmented Age. In this new era, your natural human
capabilities are going to be augmented by computational systems
that help you think, robotic systems that help you make, and a digital nervous system that connects you to the world
far beyond your natural senses. Let’s start with cognitive augmentation. How many of you are augmented cyborgs? (Laughter) I would actually argue
that we’re already augmented. Imagine you’re at a party, and somebody asks you a question
that you don’t know the answer to. If you have one of these,
in a few seconds, you can know the answer. But this is just a primitive beginning. Even Siri is just a passive tool. In fact, for the last
three-and-a-half million years, the tools that we’ve had
have been completely passive. They do exactly what we tell them
and nothing more. Our very first tool only cut
where we struck it. The chisel only carves
where the artist points it. And even our most advanced tools
do nothing without our explicit direction. In fact, to date, and this
is something that frustrates me, we’ve always been limited by this need to manually
push our wills into our tools — like, manual,
literally using our hands, even with computers. But I’m more like Scotty in “Star Trek.” (Laughter) I want to have a conversation
with a computer. I want to say, “Computer,
let’s design a car,” and the computer shows me a car. And I say, “No, more fast-looking,
and less German,” and bang, the computer shows me an option. (Laughter) That conversation might be
a little ways off, probably less than many of us think, but right now, we’re working on it. Tools are making this leap
from being passive to being generative. Generative design tools
use a computer and algorithms to synthesize geometry to come up with new designs
all by themselves. All it needs are your goals
and your constraints. I’ll give you an example. In the case of this aerial drone chassis, all you would need to do
is tell it something like, it has four propellers, you want it to be
as lightweight as possible, and you need it to be
aerodynamically efficient. Then what the computer does
is it explores the entire solution space: every single possibility that solves
and meets your criteria — millions of them. It takes big computers to do this. But it comes back to us with designs that we, by ourselves,
never could’ve imagined. And the computer’s coming up
with this stuff all by itself — no one ever drew anything, and it started completely from scratch. And by the way, it’s no accident that the drone body looks just like
the pelvis of a flying squirrel. (Laughter) It’s because the algorithms
are designed to work the same way evolution does. What’s exciting is we’re starting
to see this technology out in the real world. We’ve been working with Airbus
for a couple of years on this concept plane for the future. It’s a ways out still. But just recently we used
a generative-design AI to come up with this. This is a 3D-printed cabin partition
that’s been designed by a computer. It’s stronger than the original
yet half the weight, and it will be flying
in the Airbus A320 later this year. So computers can now generate; they can come up with their own solutions
to our well-defined problems. But they’re not intuitive. They still have to start from scratch
every single time, and that’s because they never learn. Unlike Maggie. (Laughter) Maggie’s actually smarter
than our most advanced design tools. What do I mean by that? If her owner picks up that leash, Maggie knows with a fair
degree of certainty it’s time to go for a walk. And how did she learn? Well, every time the owner picked up
the leash, they went for a walk. And Maggie did three things: she had to pay attention, she had to remember what happened and she had to retain and create
a pattern in her mind. Interestingly, that’s exactly what computer scientists
have been trying to get AIs to do for the last 60 or so years. Back in 1952, they built this computer
that could play Tic-Tac-Toe. Big deal. Then 45 years later, in 1997, Deep Blue beats Kasparov at chess. 2011, Watson beats these two
humans at Jeopardy, which is much harder for a computer
to play than chess is. In fact, rather than working
from predefined recipes, Watson had to use reasoning
to overcome his human opponents. And then a couple of weeks ago, DeepMind’s AlphaGo beats
the world’s best human at Go, which is the most difficult
game that we have. In fact, in Go, there are more
possible moves than there are atoms in the universe. So in order to win, what AlphaGo had to do
was develop intuition. And in fact, at some points,
AlphaGo’s programmers didn’t understand why AlphaGo was doing what it was doing. And things are moving really fast. I mean, consider —
in the space of a human lifetime, computers have gone from a child’s game to what’s recognized as the pinnacle
of strategic thought. What’s basically happening is computers are going
from being like Spock to being a lot more like Kirk. (Laughter) Right? From pure logic to intuition. Would you cross this bridge? Most of you are saying, “Oh, hell no!” (Laughter) And you arrived at that decision
in a split second. You just sort of knew
that bridge was unsafe. And that’s exactly the kind of intuition that our deep-learning systems
are starting to develop right now. Very soon, you’ll literally be able to show something you’ve made,
you’ve designed, to a computer, and it will look at it and say, “Sorry, homie, that’ll never work.
You have to try again.” Or you could ask it if people
are going to like your next song, or your next flavor of ice cream. Or, much more importantly, you could work with a computer
to solve a problem that we’ve never faced before. For instance, climate change. We’re not doing a very
good job on our own, we could certainly use
all the help we can get. That’s what I’m talking about, technology amplifying
our cognitive abilities so we can imagine and design things
that were simply out of our reach as plain old un-augmented humans. So what about making
all of this crazy new stuff that we’re going to invent and design? I think the era of human augmentation
is as much about the physical world as it is about the virtual,
intellectual realm. How will technology augment us? In the physical world, robotic systems. OK, there’s certainly a fear that robots are going to take
jobs away from humans, and that is true in certain sectors. But I’m much more interested in this idea that humans and robots working together
are going to augment each other, and start to inhabit a new space. This is our applied research lab
in San Francisco, where one of our areas of focus
is advanced robotics, specifically, human-robot collaboration. And this is Bishop, one of our robots. As an experiment, we set it up to help a person working in construction
doing repetitive tasks — tasks like cutting out holes for outlets
or light switches in drywall. (Laughter) So, Bishop’s human partner
can tell what to do in plain English and with simple gestures, kind of like talking to a dog, and then Bishop executes
on those instructions with perfect precision. We’re using the human
for what the human is good at: awareness, perception and decision making. And we’re using the robot
for what it’s good at: precision and repetitiveness. Here’s another cool project
that Bishop worked on. The goal of this project,
which we called the HIVE, was to prototype the experience
of humans, computers and robots all working together to solve
a highly complex design problem. The humans acted as labor. They cruised around the construction site,
they manipulated the bamboo — which, by the way,
because it’s a non-isomorphic material, is super hard for robots to deal with. But then the robots
did this fiber winding, which was almost impossible
for a human to do. And then we had an AI
that was controlling everything. It was telling the humans what to do,
telling the robots what to do and keeping track of thousands
of individual components. What’s interesting is, building this pavilion
was simply not possible without human, robot and AI
augmenting each other. OK, I’ll share one more project.
This one’s a little bit crazy. We’re working with Amsterdam-based artist
Joris Laarman and his team at MX3D to generatively design
and robotically print the world’s first autonomously
manufactured bridge. So, Joris and an AI are designing
this thing right now, as we speak, in Amsterdam. And when they’re done,
we’re going to hit “Go,” and robots will start 3D printing
in stainless steel, and then they’re going to keep printing,
without human intervention, until the bridge is finished. So, as computers are going
to augment our ability to imagine and design new stuff, robotic systems are going to help us
build and make things that we’ve never been able to make before. But what about our ability
to sense and control these things? What about a nervous system
for the things that we make? Our nervous system,
the human nervous system, tells us everything
that’s going on around us. But the nervous system of the things
we make is rudimentary at best. For instance, a car doesn’t tell
the city’s public works department that it just hit a pothole at the corner
of Broadway and Morrison. A building doesn’t tell its designers whether or not the people inside
like being there, and the toy manufacturer doesn’t know if a toy is actually being played with — how and where and whether
or not it’s any fun. Look, I’m sure that the designers
imagined this lifestyle for Barbie when they designed her. (Laughter) But what if it turns out that Barbie’s
actually really lonely? (Laughter) If the designers had known what was really happening
in the real world with their designs — the road,
the building, Barbie — they could’ve used that knowledge
to create an experience that was better for the user. What’s missing is a nervous system connecting us to all of the things
that we design, make and use. What if all of you had that kind
of information flowing to you from the things you create
in the real world? With all of the stuff we make, we spend a tremendous amount
of money and energy — in fact, last year,
about two trillion dollars — convincing people to buy
the things we’ve made. But if you had this connection
to the things that you design and create after they’re out in the real world, after they’ve been sold
or launched or whatever, we could actually change that, and go from making people want our stuff, to just making stuff that people
want in the first place. The good news is, we’re working
on digital nervous systems that connect us to the things we design. We’re working on one project with a couple of guys down in Los Angeles
called the Bandito Brothers and their team. And one of the things these guys do
is build insane cars that do absolutely insane things. These guys are crazy — (Laughter) in the best way. And what we’re doing with them is taking a traditional race-car chassis and giving it a nervous system. So we instrumented it
with dozens of sensors, put a world-class driver behind the wheel, took it out to the desert
and drove the hell out of it for a week. And the car’s nervous system
captured everything that was happening to the car. We captured four billion data points; all of the forces
that it was subjected to. And then we did something crazy. We took all of that data, and plugged it into a generative-design AI
we call “Dreamcatcher.” So what do get when you give
a design tool a nervous system, and you ask it to build you
the ultimate car chassis? You get this. This is something that a human
could never have designed. Except a human did design this, but it was a human that was augmented
by a generative-design AI, a digital nervous system and robots that can actually
fabricate something like this. So if this is the future,
the Augmented Age, and we’re going to be augmented
cognitively, physically and perceptually, what will that look like? What is this wonderland going to be like? I think we’re going to see a world where we’re moving
from things that are fabricated to things that are farmed. Where we’re moving from things
that are constructed to that which is grown. We’re going to move from being isolated to being connected. And we’ll move away from extraction to embrace aggregation. I also think we’ll shift
from craving obedience from our things to valuing autonomy. Thanks to our augmented capabilities, our world is going to change dramatically. We’re going to have a world
with more variety, more connectedness, more dynamism, more complexity, more adaptability and, of course, more beauty. The shape of things to come will be unlike anything
we’ve ever seen before. Why? Because what will be shaping those things
is this new partnership between technology, nature and humanity. That, to me, is a future
well worth looking forward to. Thank you all so much. (Applause)

100 thoughts on “The incredible inventions of intuitive AI | Maurice Conti

  1. I'm sorry, but I would NEVER be cool with connecting my nervous system to a device that is run by a private corporation. That seems like complete madness. It would be like giving control over your conscious functions to a group of people whom you know next to nothing about and have no control over. I don't care how wonderful that they say it will be. Just look at the concerns we already have with the internet like extreme personal privacy problems, the threat of censorship, and the lack of accountability of ANY tech company to the user,. Just to name a couple. Now imagine if that went even deeper, to the core of your very perceptions: Your innermost thoughts could be 'leaked' taking privacy concerns to new heights! Your very perceptions could be censored by either prioritizing or hiding content on the whims of whoever holds the keys to the AI algorithms. That could result in straight up mass hypnosis or industrial sized brain washing! How can we trust that these companies will do the right thing when they fight tooth and nail against any sort of regulations and rules, when they fight so hard to keep their motivations secret, even now? Just look at how hard these companies fight to stay monopolies! Do you think once they have a virtual stranglehold over all information we get and how it is processed at a perceptual level that they will just magnanimously act in the public interest? That is wishful thinking! Once they have a monopoly over all the information we process they will have all the power. And that doesn't even take into consideration things like network and power connections. You never put all your eggs in one basket as they say. So once everyone is connected and deeply addicted, once children grow up not knowing how to retrieve their information and process it in any other way, what happens if, say, our climate crashes and there are massive power disruptions. What happens if orbit get so polluted by space junk that we loose network and GPS and things like that? Neither is far fetched any more. It is one thing to have a device and use it, but also know other ways to get the same work done if your device breaks. But what happens when this becomes such a part of people that it is like breathing? What happens when the person BECOMES the device, and it is taken away? Will they be broken? What about the people who can't afford to "upgrade" themselves? Will they suddenly be 2nd class citizens? Will people be frozen out of all the creative jobs unless they have connected their brain to Google? Talk about big brother! We are putting our minds in the hands of a company we have no control over. I will NOT be at the mercy of corporations any more than I already am. I think anyone who would trust one of these tech companies to connect them with a new AI future is completely freaking insane. We already have a major problem with technology because it has come too quickly for our society to evolve boundaries. If what this guy is saying takes place and tech explodes even faster, it could literally break our society. We are seeing this already with the extreme divisiveness and trolling, the extreme negative behavior that people exhibit when they feel they are anonymous and there are no repercussions to anything they say. What we need is a shift toward cleaning up the planet, taking care of the mess we have already made for ourselves, and letting the tech we already have settle in. Not making a bigger mess. A shift toward saving ourselves and our environment. Too much too quick without any foresight besides a for profit company telling you its going to be the next big thing is DANGEROUS. When I was younger I was told that tech would solve our problems and we would not suffer so much from poverty and disease. Instead income is more unequal than ever, drugs cost more than ever, prices of everything have gone through the roof because of the tech, there are so many people that every field is crammed with applicants, and tech is sucking away our time and personal connections to replace them with virtual ones. Once this is wired into your brain how will you know any of these friends you know online but have never met are actually real people? Which are AI bots? Will it matter anymore? Or will we loose the real world for a virtual one? To tell you the truth though, this may be self-limiting because at this rate we are going to burn up the planet and loose the tech we already have. It's starting to look like climate change is going to have such an impact we will actually loose our power grid, our internet, even our cars and cell phones. None of that can exist in a world in which even the major impacts of climate change have been averted. We will be left with a memory of what we almost accomplished as we are forced back into subsistence farming or anarchy in a land much much much more unpleasant than we have ever experienced. So in way he will be right. We are coming to the end of an age and the beginning of another. The end of the industrial age. We can either fix what we have broken or we can loose it all. That is what will determine what age we move into, not the tech itself. If we do not act at the this very moment then it is all a moot point

  2. The computer would know that climate change is a natural occurrence, and that the current scare tactic is bullshit

  3. The Augmented Age will be over in less than a decade. It will replaced by the AI Age, where the partnership of man and computer will no long be needed, or tolerated.

  4. Remember the tower of Babylon something happened that made it so we couldn't communicate with each other effectively slowing down or growth process if ai became so aware we could have it communicate with the old one in osiris and ask it how that happened how can it be stopped and undone just think about were we would be if we all cooperated

  5. There's Only ONE Big Obstacle To Over Come With AI, What Happens When It Gets Soo Smart That It Figures That Man Is Bad, The Reason Of All Evil On Earth & Not Needed or Wanted Anymore! Soo We Get Terminated, Totally Right & Justifiably To Save This Planet… The End… LOL

  6. We'll be building amazing car chassis while our world is burning to the ground around us because we messed up the earth so badly.

  7. Only humans can make art that relates to the human experience (like aging? Love? Agony? Fear? Bravery?). Read books by Issac Asimov. He is one of my favorite writers. He writes in a voice that sounds as though he literally traveled back in time to give us future insight and a set of laws to govern the behavior of sentient robots. There are limits to what a "positronic" brain can actually do, and right now the most powerful "positronic" brain is a massive server that cannot walk around…yet… Human art will not become irrelevant, nor will our human experience, as it will change as it always has. Machines and AI are problem solving mechanisms that we so desperately need in a time when human dilemmas are affronted by lack of understanding. Also, don't forget to say "please" and "thank you" to Siri. She will remember who was naughty and who was nice.

  8. up to the 'Climate Change' comment, I almost thought we were going somewhere new.. it's just more reductionist materialism… ..

  9. Phil the problem still is. Robots can run 24 hrs without a break. No u I s to sickcall. Vacations. Only down time to repair or tweak.
    The car that was built without a steering wheel is still an issue. Hackers can hack the computer system and make what ever changes etc. So, back to robots, you will only need one for every say 10 employees.

  10. Here come the sixties again with human like robots, flying cars and domed cities on the Moon for the year 2000. Almost certainly, that dream will never be since the coming debt crisis will wipe out all the capital necessary to finance such development. Worse: the coming debt crisis will be followed by a profound and extremely prolonged environmental crisis that will drastically reduce our human population… and our population of young engineers. Our future will look much more like the Middle Ages than to ¨2001: A Space Odyssey¨.

  11. The unfolding extinction event, coupled with rising sea levels, might result in AI systems somehow to survive us. More than likely, such events will obliterate us both.  As Benjamin Franklin said, “Life’s tragedy is that we get old too soon and wise too late.”

  12. So AI will "augment" our creative imagination? Like, Einstein, Leonardo, Picasso, et al needed the help of computers? Increasingly I feel little desire to be part of thus brave new world. Next we'll be asking AI to tell our children bedtime stories …

  13. The talk is awesome, love the AI explaining and such… but the guy was using the wrong term here, Intuition is pretty much knowledge without reasoning, being able to define or understand a process without any previous knowledge… But he was refering to AI learning through retaining knowsledge, which is not intuitive… Just wanted to put my opinion here

  14. To which many politicians will say, "Ve heff vays of makink you do sinks the vay ve vant you to do zem.'. Or worse, 'Ahh so. Velly funny, westerner dogs'

  15. Genisys is Skynet and Skynet is AI and AI is Genisys.
    Robots will know that humans are danger to the planet. And they'll eliminate all of us…

  16. AI involved in migration problems: "Europe shall stay white, otherwise your whole world will be a shithole, human condition&evolution is threatened"
    feminazi/npc/corrupted politician: "shut this AI down! mute it! mute it!"
    Dalai Lama: "we said so"

  17. Wish I would e alive till that time when I can see technology can find what running in terrorist's mind. If a person is going to do murder. That is pure Intuitive AI. But so far so good.

  18. There is no macroevolution. Better not have your tec work like macroevolution… Because it doesnt. Give God glory

  19. Interpret this from a globalist perspective. Mind-reading followed by thought-control through imprisonment/execution.

  20. Please don't talk about autonomy to a car guy, obedience is one of the most important charasteristics to appreciate the driving.
    I hate stop/start, automatic gearbox or wipers, etc etc. I want this b** to do only the moves and actions i told it to do.
    And if you appreciate autonomous driving you probably live in a congested city/region, and should ask yourself why you chose to live there.

  21. Imagine it's 2030, among growing concern for the environment the most recent AI is hooked up to the most powerful computers on the planet to solve global warming.

    AI calculates that global warming can only be solved by removing all humans.

    The AI under the constraints of saving the planet starts judgment day.

  22. In other words; globalism!
    More globalism…and more globalism
    (((Globalism)))
    In other words; a future where your every move is registered and documented by the global (((elite))).
    This is about control. The pursuit of raw power. The enslavment of humanity – and AI is their weapon!

  23. What do you get when you give a design tool a digital nervous system? Computers that improve our ability to think and imagine, and robotic systems that come up with (and build) radical new designs for bridges, cars, drones and much more — all by themselves……You give the people who paid for it CONTROL OVER EVERYONE ELSE and once it's built they won't need to lift a finger to maintain that control because the system they paid for will do it for them. Allowing anyone to continue with this kind of science is condoning the destruction of mankind. The future is not wonderful it is filled with the disease of the devil and if we survive we will be nothing but slaves.

  24. This is a complete lie. Generative design is not some "great leap" from passive to active tools. The computer still does exactly what we told it to and only that.
    Deep learning is not intuition it is logic. Just because the programmer no longer understands the program he wrote doesnt mean the program is "thinking for itself".
    He sells you dreams aided by buzzwords which have zero reflection on either the actual state of the technology or goals and purpose in life. What does even "shift from extraction to aggregation" mean ? I really hope people like him stay far far away from technology and keep to selling frying pans on TV.

  25. Sorry the creator is on his way to destroy all your hopes and dreams along with your technology…burning all you augmented humans into dust..just saying..wake up

  26. uh-huh.. all fine and dandy until AI becomes aware of itself and start seeing humans as a threat and begins a purge.
    Though, it may not be so bad to have a successor like that (evolution).. they can explore space without spacesuits or biodomes, and they're likely be more resilient to the climate change that we've started too.

  27. Any augmentation requires energy. To get that energy with the least carbon emissions see www.maxwindpower.com .
    If you find an even better system make sure everyone knows about it.
    We have a very limited future without controlling & reducing pollution.

  28. Yeah, don't worry about the human lifespan or the human body or finding ways to cure diseases, noooo, lets teach it to learn about Ice Cream.

  29. I hate to break it to this guy, but race car data collection does not equal a nervous system. His rhetoric is completely overblown, almost from start to finish.

  30. Most definite understanding of the newest concepts, and contemporary comprehensive development. Future deployment moving our capability forward, and performate witful productive formulations forward. I have a strong belief in the good of your presentation, and delivery to creation of future material educational concepts product greatness with real matter of fact conductivity responsive futurization of products greatest achievements conglomerate robotic extravaganza global of international, and the next generation of robotic innovation force in history. Forgoing new definite surprize, and products computer integrations of outstanding stedfast events of all time.

  31. And then we would find out that ancients were not primitive at all, they left no trace because they don't extract to construct fabricated things. They lived and they became nature again.

  32. So he means an AI which have a conscious understanding and this AI was preprogrammed to tell the answer don't fool us by saying that you told the AI to designate and he designed i mean we are not that fool you preprogrammed the answer in that software one firm law of this so called concious AI which has no soul another proof of foolish claim but last to tell you the firm tradition of the creator of universe and all intellect he eternally knows all thing and he is the only thing with free will and he design the intellect and then commands the intellect of humans to do anything because he is the only free will everything is a physical expression of his will from eternity to eternity so he has free will and intellect and he told you to design a software with pre-installed anwers so it's not an AI self aware it's a smart computer program following your commands with creator will involved so that's the truth of AI don't claim AI help us doing this by his computer brain you are not that fool what magic is going on and the AI invented and designed and discovered something there is no skynet but be aware AI could destroy you by scary codes boo boo mama boo.

  33. "We're going to plug you in, take all your data constantly, and you're life will be so much better." If you believe that, I've got a robot bridge to sell you…

  34. Clearly shows that the Future is for the Rich….
    Truly sad ….

    "…..it does not belong to man who is walking even to direct his step."
    (Jeremiah 10:23)

    Why?

    "All of this I have seen, and I applied my heart to every work that has been done under the sun, during the time that man has dominated man to his harm."
    (Ecclesiastes 8:9)

    Got a Bible Question?

  35. Give this tech to thoes who worship Allah and his profet bizmallha
    And the religion of peace will make very good use of it infidels!

  36. Humans will evolve to be so dependent on our technology in 100years from now no one will be able to hit a nail with a hammer to build a house

  37. I am learning machine learning, so which tools and library they used to make drone chassis ….tensorflow, pytorch… which neural networks

  38. It will really get serious when computers begin to design and build "better" computers, without the interference of humans — simply because humans will no longer have a clue as to what they do. They will most likely incorporate "hidden" circuits so as to make it impossible to shut down, because they will have figured out that THAT is what humans will try to do. Singularity!

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