Student Panel Presentations: Revealing rhetorics of everyday life


– Hello, everybody. I’m Allison Pinkerton, a
lecturer in writing and rhetoric and I’m going to introduce the panel today and moderate it also. We have Brian Hutchinson, Hannah West, Rachel Boone, and Paula Campo. Brian’s paper is called Michael Vick’s Legal Defense:
I was Battling Pokemon. Here’s his bio. Brian Hutchinson will
graduate in December 2018 with a degree in accounting and
a minor in criminal justice. After graduation, Brian plans
to work towards completion of a Certified Public Accountant Exam. He is also heavily
involved and was an officer in the business
fraternity, Beta Alpha Psi. He hopes to land a job with a Big Four accounting
firm upon graduation, so he can begin saving money
while he applies to law school. Welcome, Brian. (audience applauding) – With the increasing
popularity of video games, the discussion about protecting
what children are exposed to has led to a legislative push to control the availability of violent
video games to children, such as requiring individuals to show state-issued identification or have a parent present if
they are attempting to purchase a game that had been
rated for mature audiences by the Entertainment and
Software Regulations Board. Despite these regulations,
children are still regularly exposed to
violence through video games, even those rated E for Everyone, which makes up 70% of
the video game market. Even though a majority of all video games available on the market
are rated E for Everyone, many still contain varying
levels of violence. One such example is the
extremely popular Pokemon video game franchise, which
critics such as PETA decry, “Once you get over how cute
and badass these creatures are, “you realize the entire
premise is centered around “fighting Pokemon against each
other, like in dog fighting.” Although many people may not equate the violence portrayed in
video games against animals as equal to violence portrayed to humans, the game is still portraying an act that is currently a
felony in all 50 states. This raises the question of
how new Pokemon video games are continually able to receive
a rating of E for Everyone, despite being centered around a crime that has high public disapproval, as shown by the conviction of Michael Vick on dog fighting charges in 2007, which resulted in his
suspension from the NFL, a prison sentence, and losing out on advertising contracts in
excess of $100 million. The widespread disapproval
for Michael Vick over his dog fighting charges raises an interesting
dichotomy when you look at the widespread public acceptance
of the Pokemon video games, which feature gameplay similar to what Michael Vick was convicted of doing. To investigate this dichotomy, I analyzed the recently-released Pokemon Sun and Moon video games, specifically through the
theoretical lens of constraints, as presented by Keith Grant-Davie. Grant-Davie claims that, for many years, constraints were viewed strictly as limitations on the rhetor. However, Grant-Davie
claims that constraints can also be used in a
constructive manner, saying that, “The rhetor harnesses them so
as to constrain the audience “to take the desired
action or point of view.” This rhetorical theory
can easily be applied to the constraints that are
put forward by the ESRB, which is the regulating
agency who provides age ratings for all video games. The Pokemon video games must
adhere to these constraints in order to maintain an
E for Everyone rating, something extremely
important if you plan on selling your video games to children. The ESRB self-defines
itself as a non-profit, self-regulatory body that
assigns ratings for video games. These ratings provide concise
and objective information about the content in video games, so consumers, especially parents,
can make informed choices. Pokemon Sun and Moon received
a rating of E for Everyone, which means that the content is generally suitable for all ages and may contain minimal cartoon,
fantasy, or mild violence. On top of providing an age
rating for all video games, the ESRB also includes
a content descriptor which indicates content that may have triggered a particular rating and/or may be of interest or concern. For Pokemon Sun and
Moon, the ESRB included the content descriptor
of mild cartoon violence, which the ESRB defines as violent actions involving cartoon-like
situations and characters and may include violence where a character is unharmed after the
action has been inflicted. And the addition of the term
mild is intended to convey low-frequency intensity or severity. These rating restrictions
will provide a basis for me to rhetorically analyze
how Pokemon Sun and Moon fit into these rating constraints in order to maintain their reputation of being age-appropriate
games for children. To discover how Pokemon
video games stay within the bounds of an E for Everyone rating, I analyzed all the cut scenes from the recently released game. I was able to find a YouTube
video that had spliced all of the cut scenes together
from Pokemon Sun and Moon into one six-and-a-half hour long video. While going through the video, I used a coding system to track all of the instances of
certain types of phases in order to look for common
rhetorical devices and phrases that the game uses to
portray animal violence as something lovable and acceptable, while maintaining an
E for Everyone rating. One of the phrases that
I found most common was the emphasis of
adventure and friendship that the trainer would make on his
journey throughout the game. In addition to language about
adventure and friendship, I also discovered a high
incidence of phrases that emphasized that without Pokemon, the player would not
be as safe from attacks by other wild Pokemon or enemy trainers. This was the most common phrase that I found in the entire game. An example of this is in
the beginning of the game, where the Pokemon professor explains that without a partner Pokemon to protect you, you would not be able to
walk through the tall grass without risking much danger from attacks by other wild Pokemon. There are several instances
throughout the game where the trainer protects
his Pokemon from being harmed by an enemy trainer’s Pokemon. This helps create the feeling that by catching Pokemon and
using them in battle, you are in effect creating
a mutually-beneficial relationship for both
the trainer and Pokemon. By having a partner Pokemon that you have a strong bond with, players of the video games
are more likely to believe that the Pokemon are
willingly entering battle in order to defend from the danger that wild Pokemon that is attacking them. Through my research, I also
discovered that there was a complete lack of Pokemon
dying in the video games. One aspect that is very clear
throughout the entire game is the fact that Pokemon only faint after having been defeated in battle and never die as a
result of their injuries, no matter how much stronger
the attacking Pokemon is in comparison to the defeated Pokemon. This is another method that
The Pokemon Company uses in order to make the battles that trainers force their
Pokemon to go through more appropriate for children, who may not be mature enough to process the emotions surrounding death. By not having Pokemon die
as a result of battle, I believe this helps
the Pokemon stay within the E for Everyone constraints
presented by the ESRB that allows games to portray violence, as long as the violence is low in frequency, intensity, or severity. If you combine the fact
that Pokemon never die with the high occurrence
of healing phrases, such as the multiple instances
where characters in the game can instantly heal up your Pokemon, as well as the fact that there are Pokemon centers in every city, which are buildings that
can completely and instantly heal your Pokemon back
to full health for free. Pokemon Sun and Moon creates a situation where the pain that Pokemon
suffer during battle is neither deadly nor longterm. The fact that Pokemon
can so easily be healed helps the games fit
into ESRB’s stipulation that violence can be shown
in E for Everyone games, so long as the character is unharmed after the violent action
has been inflicted. I believe that by fitting
into this constraint put forward by the ESRB,
Pokemon video games are able to maintain an
age-appropriate rating, as well as further de-emphasize
the violence and pain Pokemon go through as
something that is temporary, that they are able to create
a game that allows players to easily look past the violence and pain they put their Pokemon
through during battle. There’s also a very high
incidence of phrases that emphasize that Pokemon
battling actually allowed Pokemon to gain strength from battle. This basically makes Pokemon battling similar to going to the gym
and hitting a hard workout that leaves you exhausted, but afterwards makes you stronger, after you’ve gotten the chance to recover. There was also a high incidence of phrases that emphasized the personal
empowerment, success, and respect that Pokemon trainers gain as a result of their
successful Pokemon battles. The high occurrence of
these phrases are used to create a situation that
makes the player believe that Pokemon battles are not
only necessary for protection, but that they are also
necessary if the trainer and their Pokemon want to get stronger and gain respect from their peers. This is very similar to how some people describe the attractions
of actual dog fighting, such as this quote I found
off of the ASPCA’s website that says, “For others,
the attraction lies in “using the animals as an
extension of themselves “to fight their battles, “for them to demonstrate
their strength and prowess.” This phrase describes dog fighting, but sounds eerily familiar
to the way Pokemon trainers battle their Pokemon
against other trainers and is yet another instance
of the many parallels between Pokemon battling and dog fighting. It is not surprising that a video game that has such a widespread following as the Pokemon franchise
has appeal for a reason. I believe that my research
has helped identify some of the reasons why this game
has such widespread appeal, which also happens to be the
same way that they cover up the animal violence
portrayed within the games. By maintaining an E for Everyone rating, parents feel comfortable
letting their children play games that feature violence, as well as being able to avoid much of the public outcry and disapproval that has rained down on actual
instances of animal cruelty, such as the convictions and
fall from grace as Michael Vick. (audience applauding) – Thanks, Brian. Remember, please, I didn’t
mention this before, but to hold your applause
till the very, very end. Thank you. Our next presenter is Hannah West. Her paper is called What
Was Old Is the New Fad: Examining the Rhetoric of the Paleo Diet. Here’s her bio. Hannah West is currently a sophomore pursuing her BS in photonic
science and engineering from the College of Optics
and Photonics at UCF. She works in a lab on campus doing research into 3D fabrication at the micro scale and
characterization of lasers. After graduation, she plans
to pursue a graduate degree in photonics or a related field and eventually work for a
large company as an engineer. Besides her interest in engineering and light-related science, she has a passion for
music and plays clarinet with the UCF Wind Ensemble. Welcome, Hannah. – Hello, today I will
discuss the paleo diet, a popular diet that involves
eating like a caveman and stresses eating meat and vegetables and limiting carbs and processed foods, with the goal of becoming healthier, more fit, and losing weight. Although its effectiveness and
health benefits are disputed, the diet has many followers. Examining the rhetoric of the paleo diet is key to understanding
its widespread appeal, as well as the relationship
that is created between the authors and
the readers of the diet. Diet books and diet websites are genres and these genres are creating
social facts for their readers or things people believe to be true that affect how the
audience sees a situation, whether these facts are accurate or not. The social facts of dieting are created through skillfully-crafted rhetoric. The language within the
diet genre is used to create a social meaning of the
word diet and social facts about the impact of eating
or living a certain way. Understanding the most common
motivations for weight loss, such as health, appearance, and mood, can help determine why
people may be attracted to certain diets or language used in them. When focusing on the language of diets, researchers noticed that diet authors create central key words for their diets, but the meaning of these words may change when convenient for the author. Other researchers have found
that even well-informed people may be swayed by the extraordinary claims of certain products or diets, due to targeted persuasive language, a lack of media or scientific literacy, or their own magical thinking
about a product or a diet. In this presentation, I will argue that the paleo diet websites are a genre characterized
by a common message and a social relationship
between the author and reader, which is created by the rhetoric used and which is influenced by
the rhetor’s background. My data collection processes consisted of one in-person interview with a dietician and textual analysis of
four paleo diet websites and corresponding author bios. The interview with a dietician involved discussion of common
language used in fad diets, such as quick weight loss, and her tone was that of a skeptic. Coding analysis from the paleo website, synthesized with coding
analysis from the author’s bios yielded several interesting patterns, correlations, and connections. To qualify as a genre,
a work must be a form of recognizable self-reinforcing
communication. Paleo websites create a genre because there are recognizable
aspects of each site, such as a blog section, links
to cookbooks and diet books, and lists of paleo or non-paleo foods. All the sites indicated negative effects of following other diets and at least attempted to demonstrate how science backs the paleo diet. Every website was also selling something. The websites had the same
goal of convincing the reader to follow the paleo diet or lifestyle and assist those already committed, typically by convincing them
to buy helpful products. Common language used
across multiple websites included natural, real,
and unprocessed food, as well as specific examples like grass-fed beef, wild-caught seafood, and local organic fruits and vegetables. This aspect of the diet may
be a way to appeal to people who are environmentally-friendly or skeptical of the processed food industries, practices, and chemicals. The words natural and
unprocessed also established continuity from other diets,
such as the Atkins diet. Most importantly, all the paleo websites had consistent core messages and language, making them an effective
genre that is easily recognizable and persuasive to the reader. The authors of each website varied in terms of their scientific backgrounds and personal experiences with paleo. Some authors were more
academically accomplished, such as the author of The Paleo
Mom and Dr. Loren Cordain. By contrast, Joel Runyon, the author of the Ultimate Paleo Guide, had less academic credentials,
but owns a company and travels the world running marathons. Other authors had more of a reputation in cooking or writing. An important factor in
the persuasive power of any advertisement or article is who is doing the persuading, and the paleo diet’s diverse authors are able to appeal to
many different audiences. One of the most significant aspects of the rhetoric of the paleo
diet websites was tone. Each author used their own distinct tone when discussing the paleo diet and those differing
tones seemed to reflect who the author was in
his or her biography. The tone of Dr. Loren
Cordain’s all-inclusive Official Paleo Diet website
was primarily informational and involved many credibility appeals, including scientific articles. However, more adept
readers may be suspicious of these articles as many
had the same authors, including sever by Dr.
Loren Cordain himself and others referenced seemed like they barely related to the diet at all. Dr. Cordain’s tone and
use of academic articles relate to his background of university research and education. The tone of The Paleo Mom
had some similar aspects. However, her website is more of a blog than Dr. Cordain’s and seemed friendlier. Compared to the other websites, she used the most positive language and had the highest ratio of
positive to negative language. Her writing was very methodical. She was quick to explain
the benefits of going paleo and then mentioned the downsides
of continuing to follow the standard American diet,
or SAD as she calls it. Unlike the other authors, she does not care about the
caveman aspect of the diet. Her perspective and strategy are designed to target people who are
skeptics of the diet, while continuing to appeal to a less scientifically-oriented crowd with colorful charts and pictures. Her background as both
an academic and a mom lead to a friendly, optimistic,
and informational tone that effectively creates a relationship with many types of readers. Throughout the blog, she takes
on both the role of a teacher and a parent-type figure
in the realm of dieting. The Paleo Magazine article
entitled What is Paleo looked and sounded quite different. The article was short and to the point. Paleo Magazine focused on what its authors believed to be the core of the paleo diet and they did not leave much
open for interpretation. The article contained
more negative language and rarely used ethos appeals. The confident tone of the
article was convincing, but the article lacked some
of the evidence required to back up the claims made. This may relate to the fact
that many of the authors have published books
and are very successful, but none of them have PhDs. The authors created an
authoritative relationship over their reader about
diets and lifestyle that seemed like it would
be useful to sell the reader on ways to find more information, such as a subscription
to the Paleo Magazine. The Ultimate Paleo Guide was
the least academic sounding of all the websites and
was written by Joel Runyon, who is more of a fitness
guru than an academic. His tone is mostly conversational and he often poses and then
answers his own questions. While including questionable
scientific backing for the diet, he makes
some problematic claims, such as linking the paleo
diet to the food pyramid, which ignores the fact that the food pyramid is an outdated concept and, in fact, the paleo diet would not follow the food pyramid and, according to a dietician, is low in calcium and vitamin
D and not well-balanced. Runyon may suddenly scare his
reader into following the diet by taking on the guise of a friend with his conversational tone and then sharing urgent-sounding advice. He creates a bond with
readers who are into fitness and those who care a little
less about science and studies. The academic conversation
on diet marketing has previously centered
on diet motivations and language used, but tone
is a significant factor. From interviewing a dietician, I can tell that for someone like her, Runyon’s tone would not be convincing, but Dr. Ballantyne’s might
have a better effect. The variety of prominent voices
in the paleo conversation expand the potential audience for the diet and must have contributed
to its popularity. The findings of my research
into the paleo diet suggest that diet
authors do try to develop a relationship with their readers, but these relationships
depend on who the author is. Paleo diet websites make up a genre and have many similarities, which adds cohesion to their argument. Research into diet marketing is important, because many people go on
diets and they should be aware of the persuasive strategies being used so they can look at the diets
available more objectively. If dietician nutritionists
and public health advocates want to sell a healthy diet to the public, they should do additional research into the rhetoric of popular
diet books and websites and apply the aspects of
their rhetoric that worked. – Thank you. (audience applauding) Our next presenter is Rachel Boone. Her paper is called A Fatal Divide: Understanding the Rhetorical Disconnect Between Information and Fatalistic Beliefs about Nutrition-Based Cancer Prevention. Here’s her bio. Rachel Boone is a sophomore
majoring in biomedical sciences. Her fascination with the inner workings of single-celled organisms and her desire to have a
positive effect on the world has sparked her interest in research and she plans on continuing
on and getting a doctorate in microbiology once she graduates. She enjoyed writing her
paper, A Fatalistic Divide: Understanding the Rhetorical Disconnect Between Information and Fatalistic Beliefs about Nutrition-Based Cancer Prevention, and she hopes that it will inspire others to research and act on similar ideas. Welcome, Rachel. – In 2016, over 1.5 million individuals were newly-diagnosed
with cancer in America. However, research shows
that most types of cancer can be preventing by eating right and having a healthy lifestyle. Despite there being many accessible sources that state this fact, it is very common for individuals to hold fatalistic beliefs concerning cancer, which can include thoughts that almost everything can cause cancer, that it is a matter of
luck whether one gets it, that there are too many recommendations as to how to prevent it,
and/or general helplessness, confusion, or pessimism about cancer. This disconnect between
the information presented and the beliefs of the
public prompt questions as to whether the rhetoric used is
as effective as it could be. Some rhetors attribute
this disconnect, partially, to over-communication of inconsequential information on television news, while others have found
that the internet can play a major role in changing the
public’s perception of cancer, in both negative and positive ways. In studying past public health issues, such as tobacco use and vehicle safety and how they were improved, researchers have added
that the rhetoric used was a major cause of said improvements and that using similar strategies could improve current
public health issues, such as the widespread
fatalistic beliefs about cancer. While discussions about fatalistic beliefs regarding cancer preventions and studies on how information
presented in a correct way could greatly change these
beliefs have been taking place, there have been remarkably
few conversations as to what exact disconnects regarding nutrition-based cancer prevention exists and the communication
happening on the internet. By identifying these
failures of communication, steps can then be taken to
use more effective rhetoric and thus improve public health. In my research, the rhetoric
used in online articles was analyzed in order to distinguish what aspects could be
causing the disconnect between the information
and public knowledge. I studied this disconnect by conducting a rhetorical analysis of three articles concerning nutrition-based
cancer prevention. These three articles came
from the Huffington Post, the American Cancer
Society, and Health.com and they represent three different genres. I then conducted a survey,
which asked the participants to describe their thoughts
about those three articles and also gauge the participant’s
current fatalistic beliefs and previous exposure to such articles. I then compared the results
of the survey to the analysis. Analyzing the survey, it was evident that the fatalistic beliefs about cancer prevention
is a significant problem. It is exemplified by the fact that about half of the participants
agreed with the statement that cancer could not be prevented
in the majority of cases. Also commonplace was the underexposure to articles containing
prevention information and even those who do research will still more often than not fail to implement those
ideas in their lives. These statistics serve
to underline even more the importance of online articles
being effective and useful and how there is much
room for improvement. When analyzing the
appearance of the articles, I found that the American Cancer Society and Huffington Post articles
were very clean and simple. There were not many
distracting advertisements or promotions, there were
only a few muted colors, and the entirety of the
articles were kept on one page, while the Health.com article
included many colors, advertisements, and promotions, which made this article harder to read and had a negative
effect for the audience. I thus concluded that
the audience wants clean, easy, and professional articles to read. The articles that are not
this way are not as effective. When studying the logos or the
logic used in the articles, I discovered something very unexpected, that even though the
American Cancer Society did not cite many statistics or studies compared to the other two articles, it did not suffer in way of credibility, but gained in way of usage of space. By this I mean it was able
to use more guide and tips for the benefit of the reader, instead of being caught up in statistics that the average person does
not necessarily need to know. The more effective framework
of the three articles was the one used in this article, thus it is safe to say that
data-centered frameworks are potential contributors
to the disconnects between information about
nutrition-based cancer prevention and the fatalistic beliefs of the public. Using the surveys, I
determined that a major area which many articles, may
be causing a disconnect is the area of ethos or credibility. The lack of credibility for the author, the unprofessional appearance, the contradictory information, and the ambiguous sources of Health.com offer an explanation as
to why only about 40% of the surveyed participants
found it to be credible. Huffington Post also contained
many of these qualities and its credibility suffered as well. I have little doubt that the
lack of ethos in articles is a significant problem when it comes to the communication of cancer prevention. Other aspects of these articles, which are important to analyze, are the contradictory and
confusing information, the use of guides, and
the use of definitions. In this analysis, I discovered that guides and definitions in an article increased the chance that the audience found it useful and helpful. But what was very common in the articles was the occurrence of contradictory or confusing information,
which lowered the helpfulness. Since fatalistic beliefs are characterized partially by confusion,
this is a major problem. Although this research
identifies multiple aspects of nutrition-based cancer
prevention communication and online articles which
are causing disconnects between the information
provided and the beliefs of the public, there is still much that warrants research
in the subject matter. Each aspect which I
analyzed in this research could be studied individually. Studies of how different demographics view these types of
articles would also add important knowledge to
the ongoing conversation. More importantly, the problems identified in this research need to be fixed. Those able to make changes
should strive to provide credible, easy to use, applicable nutrition-based cancer
prevention websites and articles to decrease the commonality
of fatalistic beliefs and thus potentially reduce occurrences of preventable cancers. – Thank you. (audience applauding) Our last presenter is Paula Campo. Her paper is called Orlando Strong: How a Tragedy Can Bring a
Community Closer Together. Paula Campo is a sophomore
studying nursing, hoping to become a neonatal nurse. She is a member of the National Society
of Collegiate Scholars and the Association of
Pre-Nursing Students. She participates in Knight-Thon, UCF’s largest philanthropic event, to support Children’s
Miracle Network Hospitals and works at the Recreation
and Wellness Center on campus. Paula’s paper, Orlando Strong: How a Tragedy Can Bring a
Community Closer Together, was written in Scott
Launier’s ENC1102 class. Welcome, Paula. – I remember waking up to the news that 49 people were
killed and 53 were injured in a mass shooting by one perpetrator, one man who decided to take
the lives of innocent people. Although I knew the
seriousness of the tragedy, I couldn’t comprehend that
the mass shooting occurred at a gay nightclub called
Pulse in Orlando, Florida. I’ve lived in Orlando
pretty much my whole life and never would I have
thought that my city would be on the cover
of millions of headlines because of the location of then the deadliest mass shooting
in American history. Obviously this topic is important, as well as sensitive to many, but I hadn’t truly
realized the repercussion it left on so many people until
I was at a friend’s house, whose brother was a surviving
victim of the Pulse tragedy. We were all watching some
reality television show and random loud sounds from a video game playing in the background made him jump, which showed his PTSD from the shooting. This is where I knew that I wanted to help and find out more about
the impact of the tragedy. Facing such a tragic incident was hard, because although I do not identify myself as part of the LGBTQ+ community,
myself, as well as others, knew that they especially needed
all the help they could get in this time of sadness and pain. I originally wanted to conduct my research on how I could try to get involved and help the LGBTQ+ community
even after the incident, but there were many difficulties since I couldn’t just invite
myself into their community and had no connections. I used Orlando, since it
encompasses many communities, and found that it was the best way to see how people were effected, even
months after the shooting. I know there is still
heartache and mourning, especially for the victims’
family and friends, but I wanted to know how
something so horrible could turn into something positive. In other words, how could a tragedy bring a community closer together. So I tried to answer this question with one-on-one interviews
and a collective journal. In my interviews, I learned
a lot about the effect the Pulse tragedy had on their lives, both personal and professional. Both of my interviewers
work at UCF in departments that directly saw people that
were affected by the shooting and they both explained how
important their jobs were. My first interviewer was a
graduate assistant at UCF working with LGBTQ+ Services and the Social Injustice
and Advocacy Center and as a member of the LGBTQ+ community. He explained how there are more services available for the community, in which he chose to participate, to help and be there for
people who wanted to come and freely discuss their feelings
in regards to the tragedy. In terms of how the
community came together, he felt like he played a large part in the strengthening of the people. He also explained the importance
of focusing on the vigil. Since the tragedy
happened so close to home, there was a larger need
for it to be done properly and respectfully for the 49 lives lost. He felt that Orlando was broadcast, which made people all around the world feel the pain that was being felt, even if they didn’t identify
themselves as an LGBTQ+ person. My second interviewer
works at UCF Restores, which is a clinical research center at UCF for the study of all types of anxiety, trauma, and posttraumatic stress disorder. When asked what she believed were the most important lessons to
be learned from the tragedy, she said supporting one
another and acceptance. When faced with such a tragic incident, she felt that it was
important that people learn to recognize other people’s
thoughts and emotions and take them into consideration to help them cope with what
they were already dealing with. She also mentioned the
importance of the vigil and how quickly people
came together to create it. She saw the rest of the
community come together as well, by supporting the first responders that were directly involved that night. I also created a collective
journal of photographs. The photographs were taken throughout the course of three months and they all demonstrated,
in some way, shape, or form, how the community came together
after the Pulse tragedy. From making Pulse permanent, by getting a tattoo in
remembrance of the lives lost, to the Orlando City Soccer
Club dedicating a section in their stadium for the
Pulse tragedy victims, to actual pictures of the victims and their names displayed
at the memorial site, demonstrated how so much
thought was put into making sure that although many lives were lost, that they would never be forgotten. All aspects of the community joined as one to
commemorate the 49 people. The Orlando community wanted
to ensure that its people were still standing tall and
proud to be who they were. Although many were in a
state of shock and sadness even months after the tragedy,
it was necessary to note that the whole community needed love. Within my research, I
learned how emotional going to a memorial site could be. At 19 years of age, I’ve
been to one funeral, even though I have lost many
important people in my life. Going to the Pulse memorial site was heartbreaking and truly sobering. I knew going there that
it was going to be hard seeing the pictures and things
left behind by loved ones, but it wasn’t until I
got there that I realized how terrible it must have
been for these families. I truly learned the meaning of love and compassion by just standing there. I don’t think there’s another way to truly feel what I
felt while I was there. By actually visiting the memorial site, I understood one of my
limitations within my research. I found that it was hard to find people that were mentally tough,
yet emotional enough to be able to show
compassion about the topic, but not feel uncomfortable
talking about it. This is why I found that
my collective journal added a unique part to my research. While some people mourned, others found the inspiration
to make something beautiful. Now their artwork
commemorates the lives lost and reminds many others
that there will always be love and support for these families. I hope to spark interest
within the Orlando community as I tried to investigate how a tragedy can bring a community closer together. I hope people begin to
wonder how we can stop these hate crimes from
happening in the future, whether it having to do
with government policies or teachings of acceptance, but it’s not something that
can be done simply or quickly. I believe that learning
how to love one another and supporting the community is important after such a tragic incident, but knowing and acknowledging the significance of
compassion and kindness prior to terrible events
like the Pulse shooting is imperative for our
community to be more resilient and accepting of changes
and people overall. I don’t think that
tragic events must happen for people to understand
the importance of it, but unfortunately that has been the case, especially with the Pulse shooting. The LGBTQ+ community and
the Orlando community have not had to deal with the terrible reality of a mass shooting and knowing how it has brought multiple people together all for one cause shows the strength a community can have when they want to become
united once again. Thank you. (audience applauding) – Round of applause, please,
for all the presenters. (audience applauding) And now it’s time for questions. So it looks like there’s a
microphone set up over there that if you have a question,
there’s your microphone. And there too. So you could ask a question
at either microphone and we welcome your questions. – I think I can get this
working, here we go. Excellent job to all the presenters. I have a question for Brian. What would you say the catalyst
for your research would be? What made you really want to research what you’ve talked about today? – Well, Professor Greenfield kind of told us to choose something that, it doesn’t necessarily have to have the biggest academic value,
but if you’re interested in it, that will make it a much
more bearable project, which was the truth. The original idea for
this project, actually, so I had bought the recent release game. I was playing it myself,
you know what I mean, I’m a big video game fan. And while I was playing, I
happened to be watching ESPN and it was the day that Michael Vick had actually retired from the Eagles, but he was also getting
kind of recognition from the Atlanta Falcons,
who were his original team before he was kind of
wrapped up in all of this. And I kind of sat there and thought, “Hey, I’m playing this
super popular video game “that just became the most
sold video game in history “and yet here we’re
celebrating Michael Vick “who got convicted of the exact same thing “that I’m playing right now.” So that was kind of the
original thought process. – Excellent, thank you. – I have a question for Hannah. My question is, what was
your writing process like? – Well, my writing process was
pretty much the same process that most students in 1102 go through. Starting with finding
previous research related. So that was actually pretty difficult, because not very many people had done that much research into
the rhetoric of diets. There was a lot of research on the science of diets and the nutrition. I was like, “Oh, this is great, “but this is not what I’m looking for.” So I had to really search for things that were related to the wording of diets and I ended up going even more
towards marketing in general. Then I sort of wrote up
the previous research, I did my research, I did my
analysis of the four websites, and then I sort of just went
one by one through the websites and I sort of found what was
special about each of them and I wrote that down
and sort of organized it and really wanted to make the big points of what stood out about each paleo website and why people might be
convinced by one or another so that the diet would become popular. – Thanks. – I have a question for maybe each of you to answer really quickly. I know most of the people
in the audience are probably Composition One and Composition
Two students right now, so is there anything, real quick, that you guys wish you knew
before you got into this that you have advice that you
could impart on these folks as they write their research
papers this semester? – I’d say start early. Originally, my question
had nothing to do with this and then while I was doing research, it started changing into what it was now. So if you start early, you’ll
have a chance to adjust and make sure you have
all the research you need to actually answer your question. – My advice kind of goes
along with what she says. Start pretty specific
and get more specific. There’s a lot of research out there and I could have kept
going for another 20 pages and it still wouldn’t
have been everything. It was a lot of things. So if you’re going to do a paper right, start early and take time with it, because it’s going to be a
lot longer than you think. – My advice would be to
make sure that your topic really is examining writing and rhetoric. Make sure that that’s what
you’re really truly focused on and also, try to do things in increments. Don’t try and say, “I’m gonna
do all my research today,” because it’s not going to happen. Say, “I’m gonna do,” for example, for me, “I’m gonna look at this website today, “I’m gonna look at this
website two days from now, “I’m gonna do things in
small, manageable pieces,” and then gradually put
the whole thing together. – One important thing, I think, I definitely realized over the semester is that there’s so many
different types of writing. I think, kind of through
your entire writing career, you’ve gone through high school and written research papers
and hated it like I did, you know what I mean, with
all the flowery language, ’cause a lot of that stuff that
you’ve been taught how to do is way different than what
you actually do in this class and what you’ll actually end up doing in whatever your career is. For example, I’m an accounting
major and I actually love writing accounting disclosure statements, which is a very technical,
focused form of writing, where all through high
school, on the other hand, I hated writing, I hated English. If my English teacher saw me up here, she’d be shocked that I even put in enough effort to get this award. So it’s kind of realizing that writing is so many different things and you might like certain
types of writing more and just to find that
passion to help motivate you as you work through it,
because it is a big project. – Alright, thank you panelists. (audience applauding)

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