Sociology 101-final video



hi my name is Jonathan Fandi and I'm here to talk to you about religion in schools in America some of the first schools in America taught students how to read by reciting Bible verses students and teachers would pray before class started and almost all universities started in America originated as Bible schools the Christian religion was an important part of Education then and the schools today are drastically different from that goal with people of other faiths immigrating to America and new religions arising religion in America is now very diverse in the interest of not violating the Establishment Clause religion has slowly but surely have been removed almost completely from the schools of today with many people meaning people do not realize is how important religion is in the education is in education because religion can be introduced in a safe environment teaching our religion can show students in the diversity of the US and can provide historical or societal backgrounds to subjects taught in class our textbook introduction to sociology tewi defines religion by saying that while some people think of religion as something individual because religious beliefs can be highly personal religion is also a societal institution social scientists recognize that religion exists as an organized and integrated set of beliefs behaviors and norms centered on basic social needs and values moreover religion is a cultural universal found in all social groups what they mean by this is that while most people see religion as an individual practice of a separate group from the rest of the world reality is that religion is an important part of society religion is the catalyst that shapes so much of history whether it is war colonization or a revolution religions started most memorable events in history most countries derive their Constitution from the release just documents morals drop derived from religious practices and traditions the many religions of the world have formed society to what it is now without religion there would be a serious vacuum in history and society today there is an argument that religion does not belong in schools and that there is no place for religious ideals in society why education in public school should include religious ideals the article why education in public schools should include religious ideals says that religious ideals can be given a place in the public domain but it also become became apparent that not every religious ideal or every way of pursuing religious ideals is compatible with ideals of reasonable pluralism what Rutherford is saying or what Reiser is saying is that religious ideals are great if they do not conflict the goal is to find the perfect medium where all religions agree without hindering another religion as impossible as this may be this is an admirable goal of moderation and acceptance of other beliefs considering what other religions teach is the best way to interact with people of that religion when under when understanding is achieved hatred and malice is much harder to act upon according to this article religion needs to be carried out with moderation for everything to be fair and given to everyone the same rights and giving everyone the same rights the founding fathers when creating the Constitution wanted not to make the same mistakes that they saw happen in Britain they made sure that there would be a separate separation between church and state out of a desire for the government to not force the populace to believe in one religion a state religion the government was not given was given no power over religion and in the article in law more than life deliberate liberalism reason and religion in the public school says that not only is religious belief set apart from other forms of thought and expert but it has an asymmetrical relationship to those other forms well the government can be active an active participant in the marketplace of ideas advancing its own ideas and agenda even while not inhibiting those of others it is nonetheless described from such activity in the marketplace of theologies the government has a lot of power but it cannot regulate right religion so the way that religion has been taken out of schools has been an interesting situation how this is possible will be examined later but suffice to say that removal of religion from school was with the students best care in mind what this is resulted in is a paradoxical situation where in this attempting to maintain the space within an individual can choose or not choose religion the court paradoxically presents it in a strange if not forbidden fruit a kind of secondary development in children constantly smelling of indoctrination that's a quote from in law more than life libera liberalism reason and religion public schools trying to make students not have to choose as turn religion into its subject subject making students even more likely to ask questions about it the side effect of removing the choice ended up making students want to be able to choose and get more information this makes it very difficult for teacher for the teacher that is forbidden to talk about religion when all his or her students want to talk about is religion there are many benefits of teaching about religion in schools one of which is equipping students with disarmament the article where education in public schools should include religious ideals says the evils that many that may emanate from pursuit of certain religious ideals may be precisely the examples that motivates pupils to cultivate the moral dispositions from necessary for strengthening deliberative democracy seeing how religion has been used to use or discriminate help students become more aware of the world they live in once students have an idea of what religion has led to in history they can be prepared not to make some of the same mistakes learning about some of the atrocities that have been committed in the name of a deity will help students to be aware when the same thing starts happening today another reason to teach religion in the classroom is for the important context that religions lend to history and literature the article the devil is in the details in America can you really say God in school makes the point much of the words world's greatest literature loses his meaning without understanding without an understanding of the religious context in which it was authored a pedagogy that brings religious history and I doubt ideology into a classroom as a means of providing in context is necessary for any type of meaningful analysis a pedagogy is a form of teaching usually referring to parenting or schooling without a context of religion many historical events lose meaning and lose value as well some of the great classics of literature were written from a deep religious worldview and not to acknowledge that makes interpretation nearly impossible John Milton's Paradise Lost loses most of its beauty if the reader has no knowledge of the story of Adam and Eve in the garden for teachers to be able to help their students analyze critically they need to talk about the context with this in mind the article the fourth are teaching about religion in the public schools emphasizes that quote teachers should help students examine how religious beliefs can affect all the aspects of culture an example history politics lifestyle education language art and music but the focus must always be educational not devotional there's a significant reason to include religion in curriculum as long as it is there for educational value a teacher using the class as a platform for their religion is overstepping their balance teachers need to be careful what with what they teach so it's not too so fun to not to start soapboxing the article of the devil is in the details in America can you really say God in the school ask the question what is acceptable at school the result of moving religion from school removing religion from school the article says is the price that has to be paid quote for in removing religious literacy literacy from the curriculum there will no longer be able to equip students with the skills needed to understand and negotiate the forces of religious pluralism so inherent in their society again we see that on removing religion from the curriculums in schools can result in students being completely unprepared for the real world outside of the classroom society has a strong base in religion of the many sources and a student that does not have exposure to these religions will not know how to discern between them the school is a safe place to learn about religions without the risk that the world holds there's a constant tension between church and state with the school system in the middle Henryk makes the clear this clear in our article the devil is in the details in America can you really say God in school saying quote justices have expressed concern when teachers whether intentionally or not exercise undue religious influence upon their students because it could controversial can reconstruct see and a violation of the Establishment Clause the Establishment Clause was meant to protect the country from the government enacting their power on what or whom everyone is worshiping the court court judges continue to toe the line of what is lawful and what is not when it comes to religion in school the teachers being overtly focused on one specific religion out of context to the class material this is a violation foreseeably focusing on the road roman catholic faith during the unit on the crusades would be fine but about mass during a lesson about the civil war would be most likely out of line Martha Martha Denver takes the conversation to the extreme end of the spectrum in her article the forth are teaching about religion in the public schools by saying that when quote when appropriately LED field trips to churches synagogues and other places of worship help children to recognize firsthand the diversity of religion and the public in the world end quote the first difficult part with what Denver proposes is that a few parents would few parents would sign off on a field trip like what she proposes these field trips would be a great would be great for a class that is focused solely on world religions but it's hard to justify it in any other case going to a mission for the historical significance or a church for the artistic stained glass windows make sense but going there for the purpose of experiencing a worship service seems too difficult to do without someone's toes being stepped on well Denver probably is going too far with her plans for religious field trips when she says that proselytized quote proselytizing religion in the public schools is inappropriate teaching about religion is appropriate and necessary she is dead on the money it's very important that students have at least a very basic understanding about what quote the main religions believe equipped with it this knowledge they can interact with society along with the rest of their peers and adults in conclusion these all these authors all agree about the basic premise that religion does not only belong in schools it should have always been an important part of curriculum the student that knows more does better in life equipping students can be to be able to discern between different religions and determine for themselves what they believe is a vital goal to have students can see how important religion is to everyone across the globe in a way that does not risk them being indoctrinated or overtly concerned making schools familiar or similar to how society is with religion as an important part of everyday

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