Rearming Iraq: The New Arms Race in the Middle East

how important is the Middle East to your business it’s a good question obviously but this is a kind of question which our press services prefer to answer directly we all know the answer but uh I don’t want to get in trouble because obviously the answer is obvious that yeah I’m just trying to think if I should just shut the up you American diplomacy in the Middle East is currently focused on nuclear weapons at the same time a conventional arms race is taking place the demand is largely filled by US weapons manufacturers though other countries like Russia are trying to increase their own exports the IBEX defense Expo is the largest in the Middle East it’s held biannually and in the last 20 years it’s grown to include more than 80 countries 1,200 exhibitors and this year they’re expecting 80,000 visitors the United States is the largest exporter of defense and weapons technology in the world it sends more exhibitors to idec’s than any other country so why is Boeing here at this show what’s the goal yeah so idec’s is a very important show for us here in the Middle East region it gives us an opportunity to meet with many of the country delegations that are here at the show it gives us an opportunity to showcase a number of our products and services for defence security and humanitarian efforts as far as foreign sales go what does the Middle East represent overall in the scheme of Boeing about 10 billion dollars a year we don’t break it down by region but you can imagine the Middle East region Southeast Asia are very important markets for us Oshkosh defense has been providing armored vehicles and other heavy equipment to the region for more than 20 years its clients include Iraq when Kalamata me dr. Phil motto surfing were estimate and what that infill Jannetty mohammed bin Saud to Riyadh how important is this region to your business it’s a very important region to our business and this event is important not just for the region but for our global business UAE is an important customer for us and there’s a reason Akash has established its headquarters here in Abu Dhabi to be forward presence and close to our customer and both here from the customer what their requirements in our and provide Akash products to meet those solutions I kind of couldn’t help but think the instability is good for business well we would certainly never wish for instability for any of our partners but we have to recognize that we do the in a world of challenges and we have challenges in the Western Hemisphere and they certainly have their share of challenges in this hemisphere Middle East has been a lucrative market for US defense companies since the 1970s but the last 10 years have been especially good in 2013 u.s. companies exported more than 6 billion dollars worth of defense equipment to the region that rose to more than 8 billion in 2014 as Saudi Arabia became the world’s largest importer of arms as the u.s. breaks records for its own arms sales to the Middle East Russia the world’s second largest weapons exporter is trying to grab larger market share this is the display for uralvagonzavod which makes a number of weapon systems that the Russian government exports to other countries in the last few years we’ve seen Russian arms exporters increase their exports so pradilla trainer mr. Marcel receive nourishes the destination stay human brothers erosion dictates you know politics is a classy Reznik ago kashmira the other most were considerable slogan at the NATO coalition he was talk at the most underrated Yogesh nausea severe a freak you what that’s not a nursery cocoa poisoning how important is the Middle East through your business it’s a good question obviously but this is the kind of question which our press services prefer to answer directly we all know the answer but uh I don’t want to get in trouble because obviously the answer is obvious you just do this region or everywhere everywhere everywhere we work in Russia and work in other regions oh that yeah I’m just trying to think if I should just shut the up sometimes US and Russian companies compete for clients in other cases political considerations give manufacturers an edge Kalashnikovs and Russian weapons exporters in general are making a new push to get into the region I do know there are a lot of open markets here that the State Department does not allow Coulter and American product to be sold into so there are certain regions within the north and African region Middle Eastern region that other Russian exporters can’t have access to versus an American exporter those markets include Iran and Syria and Libya the Russian government has been eager to court new clients like Egypt as questions over human rights abuses by the Egyptian government put US support on hold last year but Russia has an uphill battle if it wants to beat the u.s. in the arms trade the US government has been positioning American companies to dominate the market for years with concerns for human rights often trumped by business Peter Van Buren’s been 24 years working overseas for the State Department his final assignment was to aid in reconstruction efforts in Iraq in 2009 and 2010 he said that in the case of Iraq the groundwork was being laid for weapons exports even before the u.s. military withdrew at the end of 2011 foreign military sales were very much on everyone’s mind particularly the years that I was there 2009 and 2010 we saw the end of the war coming and one of the things the United States was doing to position itself for the end of the war was to set up the pipeline of arms sales into Iraq so that the money would continue to flow back and forth Beach our two countries but when we talk about doing things because of American interests foreign military sales are certainly high on that list of interests the government would define foreign military sales as a significant American interest they’ll brag about it this is a way we’re helping American business we’ve created X number of jobs in Seattle building this this aircraft we have kept a production line in Lima Ohio that makes the m1 tank and the Bradley open when it was going to close the American military said we can’t absorb any more tanks stop and we found a place to sell them and we preserve those jobs and kept that industry alive this is not something the government works very hard to hide we traveled from Abu Dhabi to Baghdad to visit Iraq’s defense Expo and to talk to people about the competition to arm Iraq and the rest of the region Iraq became Russia’s second largest client for weapons after the u.s. withdrew troops in 2011 and US government officials stalled weapons sales to the country because of concerns about how the weapons might be used most importantly Russia provided helicopters and fighter jets when the US wouldn’t as well as heavy ground to ground and ground to air missile systems it’s a little less flashy than the show in Abu Dhabi but Iraq is also having its own defense and weapons expo American companies are also represented here including Lockheed Martin an AM General which makes Humvees [Music] as a demonstration of how important American defense companies are to Iraq that’s a special serenade by an Iraqi military van for the company that makes Humvees [Music] how are you at the show we met Lockheed’s representative in Iraq Lockheed is set to deliver f-16s to the Iraqi Air Force but delays prompted the Iraqi government to purchase Russian fighter jets as well what kind of business does Lockheed do here in Iraq they have air defense and other subjects I mean they have a big footprint in the country and they have the transporters c-130 didn’t disappoint you a little bit when you saw so play is being delivered in my country I know I have no problem because there’s a big country and we require a lot of equipment and we need some of this equipment very soon so we can fight the terrorists that we have in Europe so what locking products that we see here being used by the Iraqi military the Hellfire and the hell fires have been integral in the defense and the fighting against the Islamic state I don’t call them Islamic state I gave us that the terrorists terrorists although we sever tremendously as a country from them the defense Expos painted a sanitized picture of what these weapons do so we traveled to the headquarters of the Iraqi Army’s 17th division to see if some of these weapons were in use and weather controls on arms exports we’re as tight as manufacturers claimed the 17th division is fighting on the front lines of on Barre province the first Iraqi province to fall largely under Islamic state control more than one year ago even as is is using captured Iraqi army equipment to fight the Iraqi government the US government has spent more to the country and manufacturers are hoping to replace what was captured US government support for the Iraqi army and militias that are fighting here is evident everywhere most of what we’ve seen have been Humvees the US government is continuing to send this kind of support despite the obvious presence of militiamen here the presence of militia amongst the Iraqi army has been another issue for US lawmakers opposed to weapons sales to Iraq the militiamen who call themselves the Hacha del shabby or popular mobilization I’ve been accused of war crimes including indiscriminate attacks and extrajudicial killings US officials who claimed that the militiamen have pulled back from the front lines we went to see ourselves if that was true [Applause] a bunch of animal shelter miss – it will it be a chili ambassador they’ll accept about Earth on the genome of the focus barrage Hawaii when did you become anywhere we traveled on the front lines it was readily apparent that the militia and Iraqi army were working together one of the militias commanders explained to us how his men coordinate with the Iraqi army and that weapons sent to the Iraqi government were also used by the militia what mr. lecoeur but could – would hide the shoddy I mean bill Messiah I didn’t really know him I doubt it I see our advocacy ratnamma I have a novela indigestion Rafi well for what Allah meeya Messiah they had the shoddy work here oh well I had there where they said a lot of the Iraqi army wasn’t trying to hide the militias presence on the front lines even if the US government claimed to be unaware of their role meanwhile the allegations against them haven’t stopped are there rules in place to prevent US companies from selling weapons to governments that might use them to engage in human rights violations there are rules and some sets of rules specifically prohibit the United States from selling weapons that could be used either by regimes that violate human rights or in fact would be useful for violating human rights who weighs around this sir Meerut one of course is simply to stipulate that country X is no longer violating human rights the most recent example of that is Egypt the United States supports each efforts to combat the threat of terrorism in the Sinai and throughout the country after the fall of the government following the Arab Spring the United States cut off arms sales to Egypt and we’ve only recently restarted those sales I’m not sure too much has changed in Egypt but America’s definition of who is and who is not abusing human rights is a fairly slippery one we asked similar questions at idec’s are there ever any concerns about sort of the end use of these weapons like a like I mentioned a lot of our products and services are used in multiple ways defense security humanitarian efforts and that’s we want to be able to provide value to our customers and provide a good sense of security for their needs is it worry you guys at all when you see some of the leakage in places like Iraq when you see weapons essentially and and wraps and other equipment being taken off the Iraqi army and well certainly war is a tough business I spent 29 years in uniform and so we understand it Oshkosh has many veterans who have been there and that’s one of the values we bring to our customers when we understand what they’re in it’s not reasonable to expect that they wouldn’t have some losses in some attrition if it’s a new customer we’ve contact US State Department to ensure that hey are we okay we’re doing business with this customer and the State Department anytime can give us an improved license to export at any time they could revoke that license how often does that happen very rarely in past three years I’ve only seen it once Russian manufacturers gave similar caveats some of these were sent to Iraq recently absolutely I’ve seen video it’s an impressive system from what I’ve seen in videos that it’s very effective I am agree is this very effective is there ever any concern about the way the weapons are used once they’re sold to other countries on a certain day you might tell us about an expert that’s called Cornelius its particular producer man uses frame technology to spear Perez water that time over pros can use have p.m. know what’s work that is the money anyway rosin born export is the state-owned company that facilitates Russian arms exports and decides which countries can be taken on as clients but Rozsival and export officials weren’t willing to speak to us the film because this is a closed presentation by rusev or an export US officials were more willing to discuss the process but still avoided questions of responsibility for how the weapons were used once sold maybe late night there’s no baseball here it is on the baseball field to see the dominance that’s the six step process the players on the field all those different groups and centers that we pull together to get a first class execution for you so wrong track this year I think we’re going to have about fifteen billion dollars worth of sales get over three billion we got about ten on offer and works or out and more importantly as a key leader engagement they get our countries together it up build those close relationships because it’s good for business it’s good for our coalition so it’s good for the security of our nation I’m wondering why we continue to ship weapons to countries such as Iran with demonstrated human rights issues and demonstrate leakage of weapons it’s a great question remember I told you how the process works and soldiers don’t make those decisions we go execute the policy our government has so in that process every weapon every cup of the cooler still it goes to our State Department and our State Department makes those decisions and that’s what they program is appropriate for speaking directly with some of the representatives of defense manufacturers when I ask them about whether they think about these human rights violations of the potential for government to misuse weaponry they all said that’s up to the State Department nobody wanted to address it and then when I requested comment from state they didn’t want to talk about it either why would that the primary movers behind the military sales are people in the Department of Defense particularly through the defense security cooperation agency which exists within the Pentagon for no other reason than to sell American weapons overseas in to enhance and sell weapons the State Department however lacks in many ways the details of these foreign military sales the military knows that stuff so the State Department looks at the military and says well they’re the ones who are really doing it we’re just the the good looking guy standing up front to make it look official the military people of course are happy to say well it’s the State Department’s job to look into human rights issues but internationally it’s an open market Iraq’s war against is his years from over expanding conflicts in Yemen in Syria will continue to drive arms imports in the Middle East whether Russia eclipses the US as the world’s top arms exporter in 2015 companies in both countries stand to make a killing [Music] you [Music]

100 thoughts on “Rearming Iraq: The New Arms Race in the Middle East

  1. Hey there Americans. We love your guns, it’s the best. Russian should just stick with vodka. anyone have bought Russian crapy Weapons lost their war! Take Saddam for example

  2. Go figure. Most these companies are US. Most these countries are potential enemies or very corrupt. Yet U.S.will sell them anything for a buck and it can likely be used against US troops at some point

  3. holly shit 10 billion a year and you're only allowed 2 sell 5 midleast states.So that's 10 billion trillions$ in their currency that would help 30% of the Middle East just that one year if they would do that for five years the whole Middle East will be rich that's why the government is hated by all the citizens of the Middle East they hate their government and I can't blame them at all sell the old weapons to terrorists and buy a new one so we can fight it with

  4. What a wonderful thing, people with enough money to feed the poor or help their communities instead decide to invest in objects meant to seize more power, mainly in the interest of governments, but not their people. These arms dealers are 'only filling a need', the need for governments to play with the lives of innocents for their own gains, they're not bad people, they're just completely relieved of all responsibility when that 4 year old steps on a landmine, or that Apache mow down a group of civilians with 'rpg' cameras, and want to make an honest buck, completely off their own backs. The people arguing that arming themselves is a way to bring peace can't even look back far enough to recognize what the cold war has done to world politics, and still continues to do…

  5. Hmmm, so without war none of these billion dollar defense hardware suppliers would exist. Seems like they may have an incentive to spend big bucks to make sure war continues. Everyone selling their soul to perpetuate this system to gain material trinkets for themselves, hang them all.

  6. Any form of providence of arms to any party in the middle east will support human rights. Providing arms does not support any human rights at all. It just fuels deliverers economies on behalf of the least sane solutions. Arms dealers are the purest forms of parasites this world has to offer. Wether they support your army or your enemies. Non of the parties are served by buying trading and using arms. They are served by open trade routes, safety for their citizens and schools for their children.

  7. No money in peace. Sad fact is that war/conflict is and always has been good for this type of business. May not want to admit it but its obviously true.

  8. The Oshkosh vp obviously had some experience with dealing with the press asking hard questions. Unlike the guy at the Kalashnikov display.

  9. Why isn't this topic discussed on cnn, or other mainstream media? Why aren't these questions brought up in presendential debates

  10. What world is not allowed to acknolledge is that USA declares war to all countries that prefer to buy arms to other countries than USA. Basically, any country that buys arms from another country will have either their governament removed by a US financed coup-de-etat, or by war, until an obedient governament is in place that will buy armament from the USA. Sad truth of our world.
    5:25 actually it is the contrary. Countries that dare to buy arms from other countries will face claims of human rights abuse on behalve of United States as a weapon of pressure to buy arms from them.

  11. The funniest is when they say that the arms are used for "humanitarian efforts"… -_- … That nonsense begin with the "Humanitarian wars" when USA attacked Serbia in the 1990s

  12. The countries that didn't buy American made weapons but Russian made, became bad people for America or became their enemies. This holds true to today
    Utmost evil

  13. So, USA is #1 in arms sales and it is followed by Russia as #2 in the world. But, this ass clown makes it sound like it's only the USA that controls the flow of weapons. His hatred for the USA is in his DNA. In fact, if the USA did not exist at all – Russia, Israel, and China would fill the void instantly with their flow of weapons.

  14. 9:22 Loved it when he said "I wouldn't call them Islamic State, we call them Daish. " Well they are right, they shouldn't call them Islamic State because they aren't Muslims.

  15. look, if america isnt selling these countries weapons, someone else will. ie russia. What is done with the weapons isnt really of concern, the economics of it are the real factor, obviously. Why let the real threats to our country's power (china and russia) profit off of sales such as these, when we could dominate this global market? if these countries want guns, they will get guns. in the end, it is in americas interest for us to be the ones reeling in this money from arms sales, as opposed to russia, china, saudi arabia, iran, etc. there is no sense in having it any other way. these sales create jobs and revenue in significant portions. we benefit from this greatly, there is no need to concern ourselves with the humanitarian issues that will be violated anyway no matter what we do. we. are. capitalists. never forget that. never allow anything to change that. its how we got here, its how we stay here.

  16. Americans & Europeans: We need jobs
    Arabs: Make weapons, will buy them to kill each other
    Americans & Europeans: Problem solved, thank you Arabs

  17. all war are fought 95 % over land and resources since , Persia ,Babylon greek ,rome ww1 ww2 Afghanistan = trillions of dollar mineral "The previously unknown deposits — including huge veins of iron, copper, cobalt,gold, and critical industrial metals like lithium — are so big and include so many minerals that are essential to modern industry that Afghanistan could eventually be transformed into one of the most important mining centers in the world". Syria ,oil ,Lebanon  gold & oil ,Venezuela oil ,Honduras banana .colombian coffee  ,except Vietnam no war booty or spoils of war , how you you stop war ? 
                                make a Island ? bring all your good into a ATLANTIS  iSLAND in the middle of the ocean ,sell to the world like supermarket everybody is the boss like the maffia ? you can buy from the supermarket no wall street no embargo ,

  18. The clowns in w,dc are criticizing Iran on televisions ,but then selling weapons to the Iraqi government which is the main source of weapons and oil for Irani government. Please America when you go to UN just shut up 🤐

  19. at the end of the day its all about money. war is run by money. where there is war there is money there will be costumera whos willing to buy weapons.

  20. 9:30… was that guy really expecting the guy he was interviewing to not take offense at the “Islamic state“ remark?

  21. As a Japanese I have to say the world hates the US. More than Saudi Arabia. Because no one knows who to blame for you decision. At least in SA we know it is the King to blame. But what about you? Do you really think the world is fooled by your presidents? You distance yourself from any real responsibility because ‘it’s the previous president’s policy’? All I can say is that domestically we are very skeptical of anything you promise because we cannot see the real intention of your government – if indeed it is public.

  22. Its fascinating at how sheltered and synthetic-accidentally disconnected the Vise "question askers" make them selves out to be. Asking questions in a self vindicating way, as if they were from another planet, visiting from either the uber hypocritical peoples republic NYC or San Francisco. Priceless!


  24. defence security and human efort he called it.What a snake.They are salesman in terror and death in my mind.Stop calling it defence What a wopper of a lie.

  25. I just say to you that The Americans be careful because the weapon that you sell to the Iraq is actual being observed by the Iranians and examined

  26. All countries make business out of selling weapons & creating war & chaos for profit. All of them involved in destroying population. So there is no good side or bad side, all elites enemy of humanity.

  27. God will punish westernners for destroying the Middle east . You don't any better things to offer than weapons?
    God save us.

  28. Lol..these kids have zero clue about real life war…shits getting used by both sides and will never be tracked..well bring it and leave it well sell it to " the good guys"( lol) and then week partners had guys.. It's so stupid and moronic to talk war crimes cause war has no rules I guess places.. Understanding ppl from the U.S who grow up with morality in a jewish Christian values against ppl who think slavery is ok.. So far apart it's nuts and the can't comprehend any of this..

  29. We can’t keep selling weapons to a peaceful region we have to spread our American democracy aka create war. They re calling each other terrorists and we are the true terrorists

  30. Money first . Deliver Weapons . Humanitarian efforts bullshit as an icing on a shitty cake and human rights and lives of innocent people those falls into who gives a shit category

  31. @:36… can you spot the enemies of The West? Bonus points for answering why they arent in their Moslem robes…Bonus bonus points for answering why the photo op was arranged as it was.

    Win the internet when you can answer correctly if these couple societies and cultures should even be mingling to begin with….socially or through commerce. Oil & water Haha

  32. Yes ISRAEL is the real terrorist state and America is their number one supplier of weapons which makes them directly liable for all the crimes against humanity it commits

  33. Without Islam evidently there is no massive arms deals going on like this…. It's people like this that should be on trail for human rights abuse. The USA creates it's own enemy to drive the business of war. Shame shame shame.

  34. Please tell me the M1A3 Sep isn't being sold abroad, I mean it is madness, if WW3 breaks out you'll be fighting your own weapons, not smart

  35. "We would certainly never wish for any instability for any of our partners" for those of y'all that missed it, he's saying that instability is the biggest reason why they're still in business.

  36. 16:16 uses a game that is only played on a large scale in America as an analogy for middle Eastern country's is it jus the who finds that ridiculous

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