PHILOSOPHY – Nietzsche


The challenge begins with how to pronounce
his name. The first bit should sound like ‘Knee’, the second like ‘cha’ Knee – cha. Then we need to get past some of his extraordinary
and provocative statements: ‘What doesn’t kill me makes
me stronger’ ‘God is dead! And we have killed him.’ And his large moustache. But when we do, we’ll discover a thinker
who is intermittently enchanting, wise and very helpful. Friedrich Nietzsche was born in 1844 in a
quiet village in the eastern part of Germany where his father was the priest. He did exceptionally well at school and university and so excelled at ancient Greek that he was made a professor at the University of Basel when still only in his mid-twenties. But his official career didn’t work out.
He got fed up with his fellow academics, gave up his job and moved to Sils Maria in the
Swiss alps where he lived quietly, working on his masterpieces, among them: The Birth of Tragedy,
Human, All Too Human, The Gay Science, Thus Spoke Zarathustra, Beyond Good and Evil,
On the Genealogy of Morals, He had lots of problems:
– he didn’t get on with his family: ‘I don’t like my mother and it’s painful
even for me to hear my sister’s voice.’ – women kept rejecting him.
– his books didn’t sell – And when he was only forty-four, he had
a mental breakdown, precipitated when he saw a horse in a Turin street being beaten by its driver and ran over to embrace him shouting
‘I understand you’. He never recovered and died eleven sad years later. But his philosophy was full of heroism and
grandeur. He was a prophet of what he called: SELBSTÜBERWINDUNG or SELF-OVERCOMING, the process by which a great-souled person – what he called an ÜBERMENSCH rises above their
circumstances and difficulties to embrace whatever life throws at them. He wanted his work to teach us, as he put
it, ‘how to become who we really are’. His thought centers around 4 main recommendations: Own up to envy Envy is – Nietzsche recognised – a big
part of life. Yet the lingering effects of Christianity generally teaches to be feel ashamed of our envious feelings. They seem an indication of evil. So we hide them from ourselves
and others Yet there is nothing wrong with envy, maintained
Nietzsche, so long as we use it as a guide to what we really want. Every person who makes
us envious should be seen as an indication of what we could one day become. The envy-inducing
writer, tycoon or chef is hinting at who you are capable of one day being. It’s not that Nietzsche believed we always end up getting what we want. His own life had taught him this well enough). He simply
insisted that we must face up to our true desires, put up a heroic fight to honour them,
and only then mourn failure with solemn dignity. That is what it means to be an ÜBERMENSCH 2. Don’t be a Christian Nietzsche had some extreme things to say about Christianity ‘In the entire New Testament, there is only person worth respecting: Pilate, the
Roman governor.’ It was knockabout stuff, but his true target
was more subtle and more interesting: he resented Christianity for protecting people from their
envy. Christianity had in Nietzsche’s account
emerged in the late Roman Empire in the minds of timid slaves, who had lacked the stomach to get hold of what they really wanted and so had clung to a philosophy that made a virtue of their cowardice. He called this SKLAVENMORAL Christians – whom he rather rudely termed
DIE HEERDE, the herd – had wished to enjoy the real ingredients of fulfilment (a
position in the world, sex, intellectual mastery, creativity) but had been too inept
to get them. They had therefore fashioned a hypocritical
creed denouncing what they wanted but were too weak to fight for – while praising what they did not want but happened to have. So, in the Christian value system, sexlessness turned into purity [show text changing] weakness
became goodness, submission-to-people-one-hates became obedience and, in Nietzsche’s phrase,
“not-being-able-to-take-revenge” turned into “forgiveness.” Christianity amounted to a giant machine for
bitter denial. 3. Never drink alcohol Nietzsche himself drank only water – and
as a special treat, milk. And he thought we should do likewise. He wasn’t making a small, eccentric dietary point. The idea went to
the heart of his philosophy, as contained in his declaration: ‘There have been two
great narcotics in European civilisation: Christianity and alcohol.’ He hated alcohol for the very same reasons
that he scorned Christianity: because both numb pain, and both reassure us that things
are just fine as they are, sapping us of the will to change our lives for the better. A
few drinks usher in a transient feeling of satisfaction that can get fatally in the way
of taking the steps necessary to improve our lives. Nietzsche was obsessed with the awkward truth
that getting really valuable things done hurts. “How little you know of human happiness
– you comfortable people” he wrote “The secret of a fulfilled life is: live dangerously! Build your cities on the slopes
of Mount Vesuvius!” 4. “God is Dead” Nietzsche’s dramatic assertion that God
is dead is not, as it’s often taken to be, some kind of a celebratory statement. Despite his reservations about Christianity,
Nietzsche did not think that the end of belief was anything to cheer about. Religious beliefs were false, he knew; but
he observed that they were very beneficial in the sense of helping us cope with the problems
of life. Nietzsche felt that the gap left by religion
should ideally be filled by Culture (he meant: philosophy, art, music, literature): Culture should replace Scripture. However, Nietzsche was deeply suspicious of
the way his own era was handling culture. He believed the universities were killing the humanities, turning them into dry academic exercises, rather than using them for what they were always meant to be: guides to life. He admired the way the Greeks had used tragic drama in a practical, therapeutic way, as an occasion for catharsis and moral education
– and wished his own age to be comparably ambitious. He called for a reformation, in which people
– newly conscious of the crisis brought on by the end of faith – would fill the
gaps created by the disappearance of religion with philosophy and art. Every era faces particular psychological challenges,
thought Nietzsche, and it is the task of the philosopher to identify, and help solve, these. For Nietzsche, the 19th century was reeling under the impact of two developments: Mass Democracy and Atheism. The first threatened to unleash torrents of undigested
envy; the second to leave humans without guidance or morality. In relation to both challenges, Nietzsche
remains our endearing, fascinating often loveable and moustachioed guide.

100 thoughts on “PHILOSOPHY – Nietzsche

  1. Should we follow an ideology or just admire and replicate the right ideas. I agree with some things and not others. That is life. He also had a breakdown so was obviously able to overcome his own obstacles.

  2. But how do we trust someone who could not apply his own methods and sayings and ended up being sad his entire life,with no strong relations and loneliness.

  3. Its a shame he never had children.
    Empiricism, that only through experience is wisdom bestowed on us.
    He would i opine have written quite differently about Christianity.
    As with all, we desire to augment the world around us that is propitiatory to our strengths and weakness..

  4. I agree with him but he was always talking on how to be succesfull and be strong however he was a failure and a joke in life

  5. Because comments were disabled for the video "why are some countries poor and others rich" my comment for that video is going here. That video TOTALLY fails to mention how the "rich" countries including USA which is trillions in debt keep poor countries poor so that they will never be able to compete. All of the poorest nations have currencies that have been hijacked and are controlled by the International Monetary Fund and World Bank. The poorest nations are kept deep in debt and overpopulated on purpose.

  6. If possible, Please make a separate videos on western political scholars from perspective of Political Science & International Relations.

  7. Nietzsche knew almost nothing about "Christianity" because there is no such thing. That what he knew is Protestantism and Protestants around him. He didnt like their representatiin of Christianity because Protestantism does not have ascetic strugle like Orthodox Christianity so for himbit looked not heroic enough. If he met some monks from mount Athos he will fell like weak man bisade them and he will shout his big mouth behind mustash. The trouth is that he missed one important step, to beat himself before he start to fight against others. First is heavy, second is easy. "God is dead", yes correct, in himself and in euroamerican or more preciselly Romano-Germanic civilisation, but it does not say anything about God. His doctor wrote something that people does not tell much when they talk about Nietzche, that in snatorium he collected his own fecallies, held them in papers, and even ate them. I believe it is not unimportant, end of mans life is often symbol of his whole life and a message to others. Here in Belgrade I saw graphite on one wall: "GOD IS DEAD! -NIETZCHE" with big letters. Someone who has no wish to shout wrote below with small letters: "Nietzche is dead-God".

  8. ppl today r stupid following ppl that were nuts. nietzsche words r no different than the words of a street bum on drugs. i just heard a bum on drugs last week say similar things that nietzsche said.

  9. My problem is that I'm envyous to other guy that my parents praises. That is not because he does something I want to do too. That is because he have something I don't have-praise of my parents… But, I know that I shouldn't want their validation, so does that means that Nietzsche was wrong?

  10. Talk all the shit you want about Christianity….but once you start talking shit about alcohol, you've gone too far.

  11. Unbelievable, how society can promote such atheist, which is unable to realise that he's free because of God and that one day he will die but God never

  12. The ability to make time run backward gets you out of your

    programmed groove (“groove tracking”) and renders you free. This ability and only this ability frees

    you from an otherwise airtight tyranny that dooms all mankind, all life forms, in fact. Thus this is a

    stunning and probably new survival talent, an evolutionary new ability that advances the individual up

    the hierarchy of homeostasis to a stage where he is a whole other higher organism entirely. It is equal in

    terms of the evolution of life to the development of the opposable thumb, the eye, the lung, the wing,

    the large cerebral cortex, standing upright, etc. Upon the perfection (so to speak field operation) of

    this ability the human has become higher than the angels and all that implies. He is operating in a

    supratemporal dimension, and this has vast implications for knowledge; for overcoming causality—if

    he can affect the past he can modulate the present (what is called the holy gaurdian angel), and if he can draw

    information to him from the future he can problem solve like a crazy thing. This is not just phylogenic

    memory, as Jung supposed; it isn’t limited to drawing on the distant past. The crucial information related to waking up is
    information drawn from the future. He can set up alternate worlds, so in effect he is trans-

    world, spans not only time but world tracks.

    Now, this raises the question as to whether there exists a vast meta-mind (as the holy gaurdian angel is conceived to be) who is encouraging the development of this time-disruption faculty in order to evolve the human

    species further; or, put another way, the human being who has this faculty and makes use of it (for

    example under vast stress,) is an expression of this meta-mind. You are not alone in what happens; its as if angels—divine and partially visible powers–are

    present. There may be a species mind stretching back into the past and into the future where evolved

    humans (imaged as the 3-eyed gods?) may exist already using this faculty. When you start

    disrupting time you may be operating in the realm of a supratemporal composite discorporate mind— this is the holy gaurdian angel. But it seems to me that the intrinsic nature of the sort of talent

    I’m discussing would cause to come into existence a meta-mind by itself, in that it would hop across

    expanses of time that lie outside its own lifetime, which would de facto make it a meta-mind; I mean

    it would be unlocked from the time-span of its physical body. For one thing (here is Jung’s intuition

    function) he would exist (his mind would exist) in alternate worlds, and this alone implies a lot; by

    affecting the past he would then find himself shifting across laterally (orthogonally) in time . . . So

    the mind with this talent would in itself become a meta-mind, outside of causality, spanning alternate

    worlds, able to modify his own present reality by changed actions in the past, thus setting up alternate

    worlds; he would be the cause and would in turn be affected by himself as cause—again the bootstrap

    phenomenon. Such a mind could act as cause to its own effect, affecting itself as if from outside like feedback circuit, and, upon having successfully affected itself, the self as cause would eliminate itself

    as if it had never existed, which again is the ex nihilo or bootstrap paradox of time travel. Minds or

    versions of the mind, foci of the mind, would come into existence, influence the mind and upon

    success render itself never having existed in the first place; but the mind would sense an adventitious

    other mind operating on it in its behalf. Could it not then become its own holy gaurdian angel? It would continually monitor its own status as if in a heuristic process; yes, it would be process,

    not hypostasis. You would have a mind that itself would evolve the way a species evolves.

    It would be itself and not-itself continually. Since normally reality is process (in time), when time is stopped, a vast change occurs: things

    cease to pass away. Then what Jung called the archetypes are visible as the moving dot present vanishes and

    is replaced by the slot which exposes reality as accretional layers. The form axis categories are

    visible, the true basis of reality. Nothing comes into being and noth ing passes away; the present-dot

    scanning system is gone and the whole “groove” is available for inspection. This is the world the

    Hermetic alchemists spoke of, as did Plato.The archetypes are cross-referenced into the vast structure that

    Pythagoras knew as kosmos. So what you have is a sort of infinite library, and the person’s mind

    (mine) is the device that searches in the library and retrieves the information it wants. So together I

    and the library comprise the holy gaurdian angel: the search-and-retrieve device which moves aggressively into the

    library, and the library itself.

    Ancient symbolism like Tarot acros as a retrieval trigger or key for an earlier space-time; it did retrieve it,

    showing that when time stands still or is reversed the past age (of four thousand years ago) is still

    there. What Plato called “anamnesis” was a retrieval. Reality is a library.

  13. Hello my name is Pieter Zandvliet a Dutch Artist, in my webshop I made drawings of philosophers, poets and writers, have fun watching! @t

  14. Mass democracy? Why dont you call it by its name socialism or herd mentality? This video is biased.

  15. A lot of great stuff in this but in my opinion to properly understand Nietzsche you need to read Zarathustra in conjunction with Nietzsche's Teaching by Laurence Lampert.

  16. This video turns Nietzsche's philosophy into a series of banal self-help affirmations. Did you have Otto from A Fish Called Wanda writing the script for the video?

  17. What a beautiful mind. He is the Beethoven of philosophy. i don't agree with everything he said, but all of it is interesting.

  18. Great ideas, amazing foresight! Religion is fading away, but philosophy and culture, as Nietzsche understood it, did not take its place. Instead we have ideologies, those pseudo-religions that have all the bad features without whatever good there was. As for the ubermenchen, just look at the Germans, who once fought against the whole world, and now cannot protect their women from islamic rapists in their own country.

  19. I really don’t understand some of the words because of the accent… anyone else? I’m upset and angry. I’m not being sarcastic I really have no idea what the narrator is saying sometimes.. so frustrating.

  20. Envy is one of THE GREATEST EVILS! Dissatisfaction should be overcome by our own efforts… Not by envy! … There lies our own destruction – Always!

  21. Someone who couldn’t experience and charter his primitive instincts/emotions due to religious obligations, and then latter on develops resentments against religion. He must have known that it is that sacrifice which earns the haven. Because competition is the root of destruction and has no place in paradise. Thus glorifying animal instincts to revenge on religion or living an emotional based life can not secure anything either. Death is certain regardless of how you live, then why regret any thing missed in life.

  22. And still.. God is alive and Nietzsche is dead. No wonder Nietzsche ended up insane for his last 11 years and died quite young, at 56. A powerless man, frustrated with women and very timid in mostly anything talking about the superhuman and the power of will. Isn't that a sad paradox? It doesn't mean that if you have a great mind, you can't be a fool in life. I don't know how many of the people who admire him and/or his philosophy so much would desire his actual life.

  23. Hi do u think studying philosophy will help me to find success in my life. i want to be a millionaire btw.

  24. Today I watch this video and thinking about the meaning of life, but tomorrow I'll forget what I watch now

  25. Can anyone help decipher the hidden meaning in this section of of his popular book : Thus spoke zarathustra.

    Between the daughters of the desert .
    https://m.facebook.com/The.Daily.Nietzsche/posts/772417159457812

  26. For a dude who had a mental breakdown and died nuts, he sure has a lot of stern lessons to give about sometimes having a drink or two and letting go a bit. Sure turned out great for him.

  27. I did not hear 'Will to Power' once in this video. This is nothing more than a bastardised version of his philosophy, taught in today's academic factories by tired old sophists, to moral atheist drones.
    Morality is a sickness, think in terms beyond good and evil, one's virtue is one's own. All is force, force has a subjectivity, that subjectivity manifests itself in the form of a drive in all living things: the will to power. Life simply is the will to power, and that alone.

  28. Amor fati, the idea that we should embrace (or at least accept) the situations of our lives, no matter how negative, and that this in no way exempts the attempt of positive change.

    This is the best of Nietzche's ideas.

  29. I don't get jealous… so are you trying to tell me I will become nothing? but seriously though, I am living Nietzsche's ways without knowing I was. I am against religion and alcohol and I look at religion as a hope thing for people. When religion goes, something must replace it. If we have nothing to replace it, the world becomes a blinded place. In the modern era, they are the ones mindlessly shopping and listening to people like Cardi B.

  30. Be active nihilist 'cause life doesn't work when u live like a passive nihilist. I mean, nobody exist on purpose, nobody belong anywhere, everybody gonna die and they dont remember or regret anything , u know that. We can see a contradiction between humans Desire to finds meaning in life and the meaningless in the universe. Most of our live we filter our actions through the idea that we have a special purpose, it hard to accept that our efforts will be largely pointless and quickly forgotten in our indifferent universe that search for our big existential purpose often blinds us from the stuff we actually enjoy and keep us from being people that truly matter. I came back the topic, The passive nihilist for Nietzsche is resigned to the hopelessness and meaninglessness of life. The active nihilist, however, actively seeks to destroy the old values and start anew. So life doesn't work u live like a passive nihilist. Yes, nothing including purpose but life is worth living, laughing, shitting, crying, jerking off….

  31. still he was sexist, "Woman's love involves injustice and blindness against everything that she does not love… Woman is not yet capable of friendship: women are still cats and birds. Or at best cows…" from Thus Spoke Zarathustra

  32. He calls for a reformation after the disappearance of religion and value of pain and embracing envy while he wallowed away dieing a depressed man. His philosophy got him nowhere it seems.

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