PBS NewsHour Weekend full episode July 14, 2019


>>Sreenivasan: ON THIS EDITION FOR SUNDAY, JULY 14: IMMIGRATION SWEEPS TARGET CITIES ACROSS THE COUNTRY. AND, IN OUR SIGNATURE SEGMENT: HAS IT CROSSED YOUR MIND TO NOT KEEP DOING THIS?>>EVERY DAY, PROBABLY.>>Sreenivasan: WISCONSIN DAIRY FARMERS BATTLING CHANGING TIMES. NEXT, ON PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND.>>Sreenivasan: GOOD EVENING, AND THANKS JOINING US THIS SUNDAY, JULY 14. I’M HARI SREENIVASAN. WE’RE ON THE ROAD HERE IN MILWAUKEE, WISCONSIN. IN EXACTLY ONE YEAR, THE DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION WILL BE HERE. IT’S THE FIRST TIME IN HISTORY THAT EITHER PARTY HAS COME HERE TO BEGIN THE FINAL LEG OF THE PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN. THE NEWLY-BUILT FISERV FORUM, HOME OF THE MILWAUKEE BUCKS, WILL WELCOME THOUSANDS OF VISITORS AND DELEGATES FROM ACROSS THE COUNTRY. IT IS NOT A COINCIDENCE THAT THIS IS IN WISCONSIN, A VERY IMPORTANT BATTLEGROUND STATE IN THE 2020 ELECTION. WE’LL HAVE MORE ON THAT, AND MORE FROM HERE IN WISCONSIN, AFTER THE NEWS SUMMARY. BEFORE ARRIVING AT HIS VIRGINIA GOLF CLUB THIS MORNING, THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES ATTACKED FOUR MEMBERS OF CONGRESS ON TWITTER, SUGGESTING THAT THEY SHOULD “GO BACK” TO THE “PLACES FROM WHICH THEY CAME.” IN THE FIRST OF THREE TWEETS, PRESIDENT TRUMP REFERENCED “PROGRESSIVE DEMOCRATIC CONGRESSWOMEN” WHO “ORIGINALLY CAME FROM COUNTRIES WHOSE GOVERNMENTS ARE A COMPLETE AND TOTAL CATASTROPHE.” IT’S LIKELY MR. TRUMP WAS TARGETING FOUR DEMOCRATIC WOMEN: REPRESENTATIVE ALEXANDRIA OCASIO-CORTEZ, WHO REPRESENTS NEW YORK, AND WAS BORN THERE. REPRESENTATIVE AYANNA PRESSLEY OF MASSACHUSETTS, WHO WAS BORN IN CINCINNATI. REPRESENTATIVE RASHIDA TLAIB OF MICHIGAN, WHO WAS BORN IN DETROIT, AND REPRESENTATIVE ILHAN OMAR OF MINNESOTA. ALL ARE U.S. CITIZENS. ONLY OMAR WAS BORN IN A FOREIGN COUNTRY. IN HIS SECOND TWEET, MR. TRUMP SAID, “WHY DON’T THEY GO BACK AND HELP FIX THE TOTALLY BROKEN AND CRIME-INFESTED PLACES FROM WHICH THEY CAME?” IN THE THIRD, THE PRESIDENT WROTE, “YOU CAN’T LEAVE FAST ENOUGH. I’M SURE THAT NANCY PELOSI WOULD BE VERY HAPPY TO QUICKLY WORK OUT FREE TRAVEL ARRANGEMENTS!” THE SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE RESPONDED, “RATHER THAN ATTACK MEMBERS OF CONGRESS, HE SHOULD WORK WITH US FOR HUMANE IMMIGRATION POLICY.” THE TWEETS CAME ON THE DAY THE ADMINISTRATION SAID WAS THE BEGINNING OF IMMIGRATION AND CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT RAIDS IN CITIES ACROSS THE COUNTRY, TARGETING UNDOCUMENTED IMMIGRANTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED DEPORTATION ORDERS. IMMIGRANTS AND ACTIVISTS WERE PREPARED BUT, BY THIS AFTERNOON, THERE WAS NO SIGN OF A MASSIVE LAW ENFORCEMENT OPERATION. NEWSHOUR WEEKEND’S IVETTE FELICIANO HAS THE LATEST FROM NEW YORK CITY, WHERE PROTESTS CONTINUED TODAY.>>Reporter: HARI, HERE IN NEW YORK, THERE HAVE BEEN A NUMBER OF PROTESTS, LIKE THE ONE YOU SEE BEHIND ME HERE IN THIS HEAVILY IMMIGRANT NEIGHBORHOOD OF JACKSON HEIGHTS, QUEENS. THE MAIN MESSAGE HERE IS ONE OF COMMUNITIES COMING TOGETHER TO PROTECT INDIVIDUALS AND FAMILIES WHO ARE AT RISK OF BEING SWEPT UP BY IMMIGRATION AUTHORITIES. IMMIGRANT RIGHTS ADVOCATES AND LAWYERS SAY THEY HAVE BEEN PREPARING FOR THESE RAIDS EVER SINCE PRESIDENT TRUMP ANNOUNCED THEM ON TWITTER WEEKS AGO.>>PEOPLE ARE CHANGING THE WAY THAT THEY ACT. SOME PEOPLE ARE CHOOSING NOT TO GO TO WORK BECAUSE OF ANNOUNCEMENTS ABOUT THE RAIDS. THEY’RE NOT TAKING THEIR CHILDREN TO SCHOOL OR TO SUMMER CAMP. WE’RE EVEN HEARING THAT PEOPLE AREN’T SHOWING UP TO COURT, TO GO TO THE REGULAR IMMIGRATION CHECK-INS. OR IN SOME CASES, NOT EVEN TO REPORT THINGS LIKE DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, BECAUSE THEY’RE SCARED OF THE REPERCUSSIONS THEY MIGHT FACE.>>Reporter: JACKIE ZAMMUTO WORKS FOR WITNESS, AN INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS ORGANIZATION THAT TRAINS PEOPLE ON HOW TO LEGALLY FILM WHAT THEY SAY ARE MANIPULATIVE TACTICS BY FEDERAL AGENTS WHEN THEY ARREST UNDOCUMENTED IMMIGRANTS.>>THEY’RE KNOWN TO USE TACTICS THAT TRICK PEOPLE OUT OF THEIR HOMES, THAT ARE MISLEADING. FOR EXAMPLE, THEY’LL SHOW UP IN UNMARKED CARS, OR WEARING UNIFORMS THAT SAY POLICE, WHEN IT’S ACTUALLY IMMIGRATION ENFORCEMENT. THEY DO NOT HAVE THE AUTHORIZATION TO ENTER PEOPLE’S HOMES WITHOUT CONSENT OR WITHOUT A JUDICIAL WARRANT, AND THEY DO TRY TO TRICK PEOPLE INTO LETTING THEM IN.>>Reporter: WITNESS AND OTHER IMMIGRANT RIGHTS ORGANIZATIONS ARE DISSEMINATING “KNOW YOUR RIGHTS” INFORMATION TO THOSE BEING TARGETED BY ICE, WHICH INCLUDES THINGS LIKE NOT OPENING THE DOOR FOR AGENTS WHEN THEY COME KNOCKING. THEY ALSO ENCOURAGE IMMIGRANTS TO FORM A BUDDY SYSTEM SO THAT EVERYONE IS ACCOUNTED FOR AND NOT LOST IN THE SHUFFLE. THAT’S BECAUSE OF THE SUPPOSED “COLLATERAL” ARRESTS OF INDIVIDUALS WHO AREN’T BEING TARGETED BY ICE, BUT WHO MIGHT END UP BEING DETAINED ANYWAY.>>THEY’RE TAPING THEIR WINDOWS, THEY HEADING INTO THE BASEMENT, THEY’RE LOCKING THEIR DOORS. THEY’RE NOT COMING OUT, YOU KNOW, FOR THE NEXT FEW DAYS, JUST TRYING TO WEATHER THIS OUT. THAT’S HOW TERRIFIED PEOPLE ARE.>>Reporter: LONGTIME IMMIGRANT RIGHTS ACTIVIST RAVI RAGBIR IS EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF THE NEW SANCTUARY COALITION. HE SAYS LAST NIGHT, THE GROUP RECEIVED REPORTS ABOUT FEDERAL AGENTS IN BROOKLYN AND IN HARLEM. RAGBIR SAYS FEDERAL RAIDS AREN’T NEW UNDER THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION, BUT THE HEIGHTENED LEVEL OF FEAR THEY PRODUCE CERTAINLY IS.>>SO IT ULTIMATELY IS NOT DIFFERENT. OBAMA IS THE DEPORTER IN CHIEF. HE DEPORTED MORE– OVER THREE MILLION PEOPLE. A LOT OF OUR FAMILIES HAVE BEEN DESTROYED. WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE NOW, IS THAT THIS ADMINISTRATION IS COMING, AND COMING AT IT WITH THE VIOLENCE.>>Reporter: THE NEW SANCTUARY COALITION ACTUALLY PAIRS HUNDREDS OF UNDOCUMENTED IMMIGRANTS WITH VOLUNTEERS WHO ACCOMPANY AND ADVOCATE FOR THEM IN IMMIGRATION PROCEEDINGS. AND IT PLANS TO COORDINATE MANY MORE PROTESTS LIKE THIS ONE IN THE COMING DAYS, AS IMMIGRATION RAIDS CONTINUE.>>Sreenivasan: TROPICAL STORM BARRY IS SHOWING SIGNS OF WEAKENING, AS IT SLOWLY MOVES ACROSS LOUISIANA AND INTO NEIGHBORING STATES TODAY, BUT AUTHORITIES WARN THERE IS STILL THE POTENTIAL FOR DANGEROUS FLASH FLOODING. THE NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER WARNED THAT UP TO 20 INCHES OF RAIN COULD BE POSSIBLE IN SOME AREAS, ALONG WITH DANGEROUS STORM SURGES. BARRY IS EXPECTED TO MOVE THROUGH CENTRAL AND NORTHERN LOUISIANA TODAY AND INTO ARKANSAS MONDAY. POWER CREWS FULLY RESTORED ELECTRICITY TO THE WEST SIDE OF MANHATTAN LATE LAST NIGHT AFTER A FAILURE LEFT THE AREA IN THE DARK FOR AT LEAST THREE HOURS. SUBWAY TRAINS WERE DELAYED, BROADWAY SHOWS AND CONCERTS WERE CANCELLED, AND ELEVATORS STOPPED AS NEW YORKERS TRIED TO NAVIGATE THROUGH THE DARKNESS ON A BUSY SATURDAY NIGHT. THE OUTAGE, WHICH STARTED AROUND 7:00 P.M., BEGAN WITH AN EXPLOSION AT A CON EDISON SUBSTATION IN MIDTOWN, AND LEFT 73,000 PEOPLE WITHOUT POWER AT ITS PEAK. THERE WERE MORE DEMONSTRATIONS IN HONG KONG TODAY AS PROTESTERS AND POLICE CONFRONTED EACH OTHER FOR THE SECOND DAY IN A ROW. TENS OF THOUSANDS GATHERED TO PROTEST POLICE BRUTALITY AND CALLED FOR THE RESIGNATION OF HONG KONG’S CHIEF EXECUTIVE. IN A SEPARATE MARCH, HONG KONG JOURNALISTS GATHERED IN FRONT OF GOVERNMENT OFFICES TO COMPLAIN THAT POLICE BEAT AND OBSTRUCTED REPORTERS DURING PREVIOUS DEMONSTRATIONS. THE U.S. ARMY IDENTIFIED SERGEANT MAJOR JAMES G. “RYAN” SARTOR AS THE AMERICAN SERVICE MEMBER KILLED IN AFGHANISTAN YESTERDAY. SARTOR, 40, WAS A DECORATED GREEN BERET FROM TEAGUE, TEXAS, AND FIRST JOINED THE ARMY IN 2001. THE ARMY SAID SARTOR WAS KILLED “DURING COMBAT OPERATIONS.” HE WAS THE 12th U.S. SERVICE MEMBER TO DIE IN AFGHANISTAN THIS YEAR.>>Sreenivasan: FOR MORE ON THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION’S CRACKDOWN ON IMMIGRANTS, VISIT www.pbs.org/newshour.>>Sreenivasan: LAST YEAR, MORE THAN 2,700 DAIRY FARMS WENT OUT OF BUSINESS IN THE U.S., THE BULK OF THEM HERE IN WISCONSIN, LONG KNOWN AS AMERICA’S DAIRYLAND. WE VISITED CLARK COUNTY, WHERE DAIRY COWS OUTNUMBER PEOPLE NEARLY TWO TO ONE, TO FIND OUT WHY DAIRY FARMS ARE CLOSING, AND THEIR IMPACT ON THE ENTIRE COMMUNITY. JIM BRIGGS IS IN HIS DAIRY BARN BY 5:30 EVERY MORNING.>>SOMEBODY HAS TO BE HERE SEVEN DAYS A WEEK. THE COWS DON’T TAKE A DAY OFF, THEY DON’T, YOU KNOW, THEY DON’T CARE IF YOU WANT– IF YOU’RE SICK, OR NEED A VACATION, OR WANT A DAY AWAY.>>Sreenivasan: 365 DAYS A YEAR, EITHER JIM, HIS WIFE JENNY OR THEIR 16-YEAR-OLD SON JUSTIN ARE MILKING THESE 60 COWS TWICE A DAY IN CENTRAL WISCONSIN. THAT MEANS POURING FEED, AND CLEANING UP WHAT COMES AFTER. SANITIZING EVERY TEAT, WIPING IT CLEAN AND ATTACHING EACH COW TO A PUMP, WHICH MEASURES HOW MUCH MILK IS COMING OUT, AS WELL AS THE CELL HEALTH OF THE COW, TO MAKE SURE IT IS NOT SICK.>>THERE ARE NIGHTS DURING THE SUMMERTIME THAT WE MIGHT, YOU KNOW, GO TILL 11:00 AT NIGHT, 1:00 IN THE MORNING.>>Sreenivasan: THAT’S JUST A DAIRY FARMER’S LIFE, AND THEY DON’T COMPLAIN ABOUT IT. WHATISHARD IS TRYING TO KEEP THIS WAY OF LIFE A LIVELIHOOD. HERE’S WHY. AT ITS SIMPLEST, THE COSTS ARE GOING UP, AND THE PROFITS, DOWN, BECAUSE THE PRICE BRIGGS CAN SELL MILK FOR CANNOT KEEP UP WITH WHAT IT COSTS HIM TO PRODUCE IT.>>2014 SAW RECORD PRICES, AND THEN, YOU KNOW, ’15, ’16, ’17, ’18, IT’S ALL BEEN, YOU KNOW, BELOW COST OF PRODUCTION PRICES, FOR THE MOST PART.>>Sreenivasan: MILK, LIKE MOST GOODS, IS SUBJECT TO THE LAW OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND. DAIRY COWS IN AMERICA MAKE MORE MILK THAN THE U.S. CONSUMES, BUT IN EARLY 2014, CHINA AND SOUTHEAST ASIA BEGAN BUYING A LOT MORE MILK FROM U.S. DISTRIBUTORS, DRIVING BIG PROFITS FOR FARMERS. BUT THE AMERICAN DAIRY INDUSTRY OVERESTIMATED HOW MUCH MILK IT COULD SELL OVERSEAS, AND INCREASED PRODUCTION TOO MUCH. AS A RESULT, THE PRICE FARMERS LIKE BRIGGS GET FOR THEIR MILK HAS FALLEN NEARLY 40%. THEN, THERE’S THE COST OF MAKING THE MILK. THESE SILOS ARE FULL OF FEED THE COWS NEED ALL DAY LONG. AN EXTREME WINTER AND FLOOD- FILLED SPRING IN THE MIDWEST RUINED CROPS, FORCING FARMERS WHO NORMALLY GROW THEIR OWN ALFALFA AND HAY TO BUY IT. SOME HAVE EVEN PAID FOR HAY TO BE TRUCKED IN FROM OUT OF STATE. HAS IT CROSSED YOUR MIND TO NOT KEEP DOING THIS?>>EVERY DAY, PROBABLY, AT SOME POINT IN TIME, YOU KNOW.>>Sreenivasan: THE BRIGGS FARM IS HANGING ON. BUT ACCORDING TO THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, MORE THAN 2,700 DAIRY FARMS WENT OUT OF BUSINESS IN 2018. 691 WERE IN WISCONSIN, MAKING UP A QUARTER OF ALL DAIRY FARM CLOSURES ACROSS THE COUNTRY. SO FAR THIS YEAR, ANOTHER 400- PLUS HAVE GONE UNDER. NEAR DORCHESTER, WISCONSIN IS KEN TESCH’S 330-COW FARM, WHICH HAS SURVIVED SINCE THE MID-’80s BY GROWING.>>WE WERE AT 60 COWS FOR A LONG TIME, AND…>>Sreenivasan: WHY DID YOU ADD MORE?>>ECONOMICS. IT’S A VICIOUS CIRCLE. IF YOUR MARGIN WAS $10 ON A COW AND NOW YOUR MARGIN IS A $1, WELL, NOW THEY’RE GOING TO HAVE TEN TIMES AS MANY COWS TO MAKE THE SAME DOLLAR.>>Sreenivasan: THESE COWS KNOW TO WALK INTO THIS PARLOR, AND TURN TO BE MILKED. THE LIGHTNING-FAST HANDS ARE THOSE OF JEANIE TESCH. SHE CAN GET THROUGH 32 COWS IN ABOUT EIGHT MINUTES.>>JUST BECAUSE WE MILK A LITTLE BIT FASTER DOESN’T MEAN WE DON’T TAKE AS MUCH TIME WITH OUR COWS. WE CAN TELL WHEN A COW IS SICK. IF THEY’RE NOT FEELING WELL, THEIR EARS WILL FEEL LIKE ICE.>>Sreenivasan: FOR KEN TESCH, THE HEALTH OF THE ENTIRE DAIRY INDUSTRY DEPENDS ON WHAT HE SAYS IS A DISCUSSION THE NATION IS NOT HAVING– WHETHER THE TREND OF SMALLER FARMS DISAPPEARING AND LARGER FARMS GROWING IS BEST FOR OUR COUNTRY.>>ARE WE GOING TO HAVE JUST CONSTANT CONTINUAL CONSOLIDATION AND IN 20 YEARS, WE’RE GOING TO HAVE STRATEGICALLY LOCATED LARGE DAIRIES AROUND LARGE METROPOLITAN AREAS TO PRODUCE MILK FOR THAT CONSUMER? OR WE’RE GOING TO HAVE A NATIONAL FOOD POLICY THAT SAYS WE’RE GOING TO HAVE OUR FARMS SCATTERED THROUGHOUT THE UNITED STATES, FROM MAINE TO CALIFORNIA? AND FROM A STRATEGICAL FOOD SAFETY, HAVING LOTS OF FARMS ALL AROUND, WE DON’T HAVE ALL OUR EGGS IN ONE BASKET.>>Sreenivasan: IF SIZE MATTERS FOR SURVIVAL, THE HEEG BROTHERS DAIRY SHOULD HAVE A VERY GOOD CHANCE.>>SO CURRENTLY WE’RE AT 1,125 COWS. WHEN WE STARTED AT THIS LOCATION, WE STARTED WITH 625.>>Sreenivasan: AND NEW CALVES ARE BORN EVERY SEASON. NEAR COLBY, WISCONSIN, HOME OF THE FAMOUS COLBY CHEESE, THE HEEGS’ FARM RUNS AROUND THE CLOCK. THEY MILK EACH COW THREE TIMES A DAY. JAY HEEG IS THE DAIRY MANAGER.>>THEY HAVE SAND-BEDDED STALLS, THEY LAY IN SAND, SO… AND TODAY IT’S A WARM DAY, BUT IN HERE, IT’S NICE AND COOL. WE GOT A CONTROLLED ENVIRONMENT WITH FANS, KEEPING THE AIR MOVING. WE HAVE SPRINKLERS TO SPRINKLE ON THEM, TO WATER THEM DOWN. AND WITH THAT AIR, IT COOLS THEM OFF. SO IT’S ALL ABOUT COW COMFORT. AND THEN, PROPER FEED.>>Sreenivasan: SO A HAPPY COW MAKES MORE MILK.>>HAPPY COW IS– YEP.>>Sreenivasan: NUTRITIONISTS EVEN BALANCE THE COWS’ DIETS TO MAXIMIZE MILK PRODUCTION.>>SO ON A DAILY BASIS, SHE’S AT ABOUT 95 POUNDS OF MILK PER DAY, PER COW.>>Sreenivasan: HEEG GETS 30% MORE MILK PER COW TODAY THAN HE DID 20 YEARS AGO, AND HE’S NOT ALONE. ACCORDING TO THE U.S.D.A., BECAUSE OF IMPROVEMENTS IN SO-CALLED COW COMFORT AND BREEDING METHODS, AVERAGE MILK PRODUCTION PER COW HAS MORE THAN DOUBLED, FROM LESS THAN 10,000 POUNDS IN 1970 TO MORE THAN 23,000 POUNDS TODAY. JAY HEEG’S COWS AVERAGE 30,000 POUNDS OF MILK A YEAR. A FREE MARKETER WILL SAY, HEY, YOU KNOW WHAT, THIS IS JUST HOW MARKETS WORK. WHY DON’T YOU JUST DECREASE THE SUPPLY, AND THE PRICE WILL GO UP?>>IF WE STARTED DROPPING PRODUCTION, WELL, THAT MEANS LESS INCOME, SO WE BETTER BUMP UP SUPPLY, OTHERWISE YOU’RE NOT IN BUSINESS ANY LONGER.>>Sreenivasan: YEAH, IT SEEMS LIKE THE CYCLE REWARDS HAVING MORE COWS THAT PRODUCE MORE MILK, THEN MORE COWS, AND PRODUCE MORE MILK, RIGHT?>>WELL, THAT’S THE SYSTEM THAT WE’RE SET UP IN CURRENTLY. IT IS, EXACTLY. SO IF THERE’S INFLATION, WE HAVE TO INCREASE PRODUCTION, BECAUSE THAT’S ONE OF THE FEW THINGS THAT WE CAN CONTROL. AND THAT CREATES MORE SUPPLY.>>Sreenivasan: AND IF THE LOW MILK PRICES WERE NOT HURTING ENOUGH, MANY DAIRY FARMERS SAY THEY’VE ALSO BEEN HURT BY THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION’S TRADE WARS. LAST YEAR, THE U.S. IMPOSED NEW TARIFFS ON CHINESE GOODS COMING TO AMERICA, AND CHINA RESPONDED IN KIND BY SLAPPING TARIFFS ON AMERICAN PRODUCTS. THE LATEST: CHINA IS RAISING THE RATE ON AMERICAN CHEESEMAKERS FROM 25% TO 37% TO EXPORT THEIR PRODUCT. CONSIDERING THAT YOU GUYS ARE ON THE KIND OF BUSINESS END OF ALL THE POLICY STUFF THAT HAPPENS IN WASHINGTON, HOW DOES THIS INFLUENCE THE WAY YOU THINK?>>YEAH, THESE POLICIES, AND ANYTHING THAT HAPPENS, I MEAN, AFFECTS MARKETS, AND IT AFFECTS US RIGHT OUT HERE. IT’S, IT’S REAL.>>Sreenivasan: I MEAN, IF YOU COULD TELL YOUR MEMBERS OF CONGRESS SOMETHING, WHAT WOULD IT BE?>>YOU KNOW, THEY NEED TO WORK ON THESE TARIFFS.>>Sreenivasan: BECAUSE FOR YOU THIS IS DAY TO DAY, THAT YOU HAVE TO DEAL WITH THIS STUFF.>>YEAH, WE’RE HERE. WE’RE HERE 24/7.>>Sreenivasan: KEN TESCH KNOWS THE TRADE WAR WITH CHINA IS NOT HELPING, BUT SAYS HE THINKS IT’S FOR THE BEST.>>I AM 100% BEHIND MR. TRUMP. AND I’LL TELL YOU WHY. WE CANNOT HAVE POLICIES THAT CONSTANTLY ALLOW EVERYBODY ELSE TO DUMP THEIR PRODUCTS INTO THE UNITED STATES, SO WE NEED TO HAVE EQUITABLE TRADES.>>Sreenivasan: TESCH SAYS HE BELIEVES PRESIDENT TRUMP IS NEGOTIATING A BETTER DEAL FOR AMERICA, WHICH WILL HELP FARMERS IN THE LONG RUN. UNTIL THAT DAY COMES, DAIRY FARMERS WILL HAVE TO RIDE OUT THE STORM, AND THE UNPREDICTABLE MILK PRICES THAT COME WITH IT.>>YOU KNOW, IT DOES, IT DOES WEAR ON YOU, EMOTIONALLY, PHYSICALLY. YOU KNOW, WHEN DAY AFTER DAY, YOU’RE ESSENTIALLY GOING TO WORK. YOU KNOW, WE DON’T REALLY EVER KNOW WHAT WE’RE GOING TO BE PAID TILL WE GET THE CHECK IN THE MAILBOX.>>Sreenivasan: AND SO HOW DOES THE CULTURE IN THIS AREA CHANGE IF THERE’S NOBODY LIKE YOU AROUND, AND THE ONLY FARMS HAVE HUNDREDS OR THOUSANDS OF COWS?>>WELL, I MEAN, YOU KNOW, EVERY, EVERY ONE OF OUR SMALL FARMS, WE’RE GOING TO TOWN, WE’RE BUYING SUPPLIES, WE’RE BUYING FUEL, WE’RE BUYING FOOD. WE MAY GO OUT TO EAT. YOU KNOW, THAT’S ALL MONEY GOING BACK INTO THE LOCAL ECONOMY.>>Sreenivasan: THE RIPPLE EFFECTS ARE ALREADY VISIBLE. YOU’VE SEEN BETTER TIMES.>>OH, YES. YES, WE HAVE.>>Sreenivasan: SHEILA NYBERG HELPS SELL CLARK COUNTY. SHE’S THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DIRECTOR. SHE DROVE ME AROUND SO I COULD SEE THE CHANGES.>>AGRICULTURE IS A BIG BUSINESS HERE. WHEN YOU LOOK UP AND DOWN THE AVENUES, AS WE ARE, AND GOING THROUGH THE TOWNS, WE’RE ALL THREADED TOGETHER. YOU KNOW, WHETHER IT BE THE TIRE COMPANY OR THE TRACTOR SALES, THE CATTLE BARNS, THE PRODUCTION OF SOME OF THE PRODUCTS LIKE YOU SEE IN THE FIELD HERE, ARE MADE HERE, FARMING EQUIPMENT.>>Sreenivasan: SHE TOOK US TO MEYER MANUFACTURING. THEY MAKE FARM EQUIPMENT, AND FARMERS AREN’T BUYING AS USUAL. WHEN THEY TIGHTEN THEIR BELTS, THEY DON’T BUY NEW THINGS LIKE THIS.>>THEY DON’T BUY NEW THINGS. THEY’LL FIX STUFF.>>Sreenivasan: HOW MUCH OF A DIFFERENCE IS THAT?>>YOU KNOW, VERY SIGNIFICANT. I MEAN, IT CAN BE, YOU KNOW, HUGE AMOUNT OF OUR BUSINESS.>>Sreenivasan: NEXT STOP, THE TOWN OF LOYAL, WISCONSIN…>>THAT ONE THERE, THEY HAD A FIRE, AND WE REBUILT THAT WHOLE TOP PART.>>Sreenivasan: …WHERE ROGER ZVOLENA, HIS SON AND TEN EMPLOYEES HAVE BEEN BUILDING BARNS FOR DAIRY FARMERS FOR ALMOST 20 YEARS. LESS SO, RECENTLY. SO, ARE YOU LOSING MONEY, BREAKING EVEN, BETTER OFF?>>WE’RE WAY LESS, DRASTICALLY. PROBABLY, I DON’T KNOW, 50% LESS GROSS SALES, BUT IT’S AT LEAST, IT’S AT LEAST 40% LESS.>>Sreenivasan: WOW.>>YOU KNOW, I DON’T WANT TO GIVE OFF THE NUMBERS, BUT THE MILLIONS OF DOLLARS OF BUSINESS WE USED TO DO, IT’S BEEN WAY, WAY LESS.>>Sreenivasan: AND THERE ARE LONGER-TERM CHANGES, SAYS FORMER MAYOR OF LOYAL, DAVE WILLIAMS.>>YOU LOSE YOUR FAMILIES, THE SCHOOLS LOSE THE KIDS THAT ARE GOING TO SCHOOLS, ALL OF THE SCHOOL POPULATION IN TOWN IS DROPPING. A LOT OF THE SMALLER SCHOOLS AROUND HERE NOW, THEY’RE GOING INTO, LIKE, EIGHT-MAN FOOTBALL, BECAUSE THEY DON’T HAVE ENOUGH GUYS TO FILL AN 11-MAN TEAM AND HAVE ANY KIND OF SPARES.>>Sreenivasan: WHICH, TO HIM, SIGNALS A DIFFERENT FUTURE. DO YOU THINK THERE’S GOING TO BE MORE PEOPLE HERE OR LESS IF THE FARM CONSOLIDATION CONTINUES?>>I THINK WE’LL BE REALLY LUCKY IF WE COULD STAY WHERE WE’RE AT. IT’S NOT A GOOD TREND. ONCE THAT POPULATION DROPS, EVERYTHING ELSE DROPS WITH IT.>>Sreenivasan: MILWAUKEE WON THE COMPETITION TO HOST NEXT YEAR’S CONVENTION WITH THE HELP OF THE CITY’S MAYOR, TOM BARRETT. BORN AND RAISED HERE, HE’S BEEN MAYOR FOR 15 YEARS, AND SERVED IN CONGRESS FOR TEN YEARS BEFORE THAT. HE HAS SEEN THE CITY GO THROUGH BIG CHANGES. MILWAUKEE STILL STRUGGLES WITH HISTORIC RACIAL INEQUITY, FROM HEALTH AND HOUSING TO EDUCATION AND EMPLOYMENT. SO MUCH SO THAT COUNTY LEADERS RECENTLY DECLARED RACISM A PUBLIC HEALTH CRISIS. I SAT DOWN WITH MAYOR BARRETT TO DISCUSS THIS UPCOMING CONVENTION AND HIS HOPES TO OVERCOME LONG- TERM CHALLENGES STILL FACING THE CITY OF MILWAUKEE. HOW HAVE YOU SEEN THIS CITY CHANGE, IN THE TIME– NOT JUST SINCE YOU’VE BEEN MAYOR, BUT SINCE YOU’VE BEEN LIVING HERE?>>WELL, ONE OF THE THINGS THAT I THINK MANY PEOPLE DON’T REALIZE ABOUT MILWAUKEE IS, IF YOU GO BACK TO 1970, WE HAD THE HIGHEST PER CAPITA INCOME IN MAJOR CITIES FOR AFRICAN AMERICANS. AND THE REASON FOR THAT WAS BECAUSE WE HAD A LOT OF FOUNDRIES, AND FACTORIES AND TANNERIES AND BREWERIES. AND PEOPLE COULD REALLY GET A GOOD FAMILY-SUPPORTING JOB BY WORKING IN THOSE, IN THOSE PLACES. BUT, BEGINNING REALLY, SERIOUSLY, IN THE 1980s AND THEREAFTER, WE HAVE SEEN A LOT OF THE JOBS DISAPPEAR, THAT WERE THOSE JOBS. AND I WOULD SAY FOR THE LAST EIGHT YEARS, COMING OUT OF THE GREAT RECESSION, WE’VE BEEN FIGHTING BACK.>>Sreenivasan: IN THIS COMING ELECTION, HOW DOES MILWAUKEE PLAY INTO– THE VOTER IN MILWAUKEE AND THE VOTER IN WISCONSIN– PLAY INTO THAT NATIONAL RACE?>>WELL, I THINK WHAT MAKES US ATTRACTIVE TO THE DEMOCRATS, AND TO THE REPUBLICANS, BECAUSE WE ARE TRULY A PURPLE STATE, IS THAT, MANY WAYS, WE’RE A MICROCOSM OF THE NATION. WE’VE GOT A LARGE URBAN AREA IN MILWAUKEE, WE’VE GOT A STATE CAPITOL IN MADISON THAT’S GROWING VERY VIBRANTLY, AND THEN WE’VE GOT AREAS OF THE STATE THAT ARE RURAL AREAS. AND THOSE ARE A LOT OF THE AREAS, NATIONALLY AND CERTAINLY IN WISCONSIN, WHO FEEL A LITTLE DISCONNECTED FROM WHAT’S GOING ON. I THINK THERE’S A RECOGNITION NOW, NOT JUST FOR WISCONSIN, BUT FOR MICHIGAN, FOR PENNSYLVANIA, TO SOME EXTENT, FOR OHIO, THAT THESE ARE PLACES WHERE BOTH PARTIES– THEY’D BETTER SINK THEIR ROOTS PRETTY DEEPLY HERE, AND THEY’D BETTER NOT TAKE ANYTHING FOR GRANTED.>>Sreenivasan: WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO A CITY LIKE MILWAUKEE TO HOST A CONVENTION?>>IT’S A BIG DEAL FOR US. WE’RE VERY PROUD. AND WE THINK WE’VE GOT A STORY TO TELL, OF A CITY AND A STATE THAT’S REALLY, AGAIN, FIGHTING BACK AND WINNING.>>Sreenivasan: THERE ARE POCKETS IN YOUR COMMUNITY– I REMEMBER READING AN ACADEMIC PAPER, AND THEY HAD FOCUSED ON ONE OF THE ZIP CODES, AND THEY SAID THAT “THIS IS A NEIGHBORHOOD OF CONCENTRATED POVERTY, PERVASIVE JOBLESSNESS, PLUNGING INCOMES AND MASS INCARCERATION.” HOW DO YOU MAKE SURE THAT EQUALITY AND INEQUALITY IS A TOPIC THAT’S NOT JUST IN THIS CONVENTION, BUT SOMETHING THAT THE DEMOCRATS ARE THINKING ABOUT, GOING INTO 2020?>>THE ISSUES OF EQUALITY, OF JUSTICE, OF RACE, ARE ISSUES THAT I DEAL WITH ON A DAILY BASIS. AND I’VE SERVED IN CONGRESS, I’VE SERVED IN THE STATE LEGISLATURE. THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THOSE JOBS AND THIS JOB AT THE LOCAL LEVEL AND THIS IS THROUGHOUT THE ENTIRE COUNTRY, THIS IS A VERY GRITTY JOB. THERE’S NOT A LOT OF THEORY IN THESE JOBS. IT’S ABOUT GETTING THINGS DONE. IT’S ABOUT, HOW DO WE GET BETTER HOUSING, HOW DO WE GET SAFER STREETS, HOW DO WE GET MORE INVESTMENT, PARTICULARLY IN THOSE ZIP CODES THAT HAVE SEEN A LOT OF DISINVESTMENT SINCE 1970.>>Sreenivasan: HOW DO YOU ENCOURAGE AFRICAN AMERICAN VOTERS HERE TO BE A GREATER PART OF THE SYSTEM? IN THE 2016 ELECTION, THE VOTER TURNOUT WAS THE LOWEST IT HAD BEEN IN THIS CITY SINCE THEY WERE KEEPING TRACK.>>WELL, I THINK YOU HAVE TO HAVE CANDIDATES WHO SPEAK TO THE CONCERNS OF THE PEOPLE WHO LIVE IN THESE NEIGHBORHOODS. AND YOU SAW THAT, IN 2008, YOU SAW THAT IN 2012, WHERE WE HAD A SHARP SPIKE IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF CENTRAL CITY VOTERS. AND SO, WHAT HAPPENED IN 2016 IS, WE RETURNED BACK DOWN TO PLACES WHERE WE HAD BEEN BEFORE, AND ACTUALLY HAD NOT DONE AS WELL, IN TERMS OF VOTER TURNOUT. SO I THINK IT’S GOING TO BE INCUMBENT ON ANY CANDIDATE WHO WANTS TO GET THE VOTE IN URBAN AMERICA TO MAKE IT CLEAR TO PEOPLE IN URBAN AMERICA THAT THEY ARE SPEAKING THEIR LANGUAGE.>>THIS IS “PBS NEWSHOURWEEKEND,” SUNDAY.>>Sreenivasan: YOU’VE MADE A PLEDGE THAT YOU WANT TO GET 25% OF MILWAUKEE’S POWER BY 2025 FROM RENEWAL ENERGY. HOW DO YOU DO THAT?>>WELL, WE’RE DOING IT ON OUR CITY BUILDINGS. WE ARE MOVING AGGRESSIVELY ON SOLAR, AND MY APPROACH HAS BEEN D, ALL OF THE ABOVE. WORKING WITH THE UTILITIES, WORKING WITH PRIVATE PROVIDERS, WORKING WITH NOT-FOR-PROFIT GROUPS, AGGRESSIVELY TRYING TO FIND WAYS TO GET MORE RENEWABLE ENERGY, BECAUSE I THINK CLIMATE CHANGE IS REAL. AND IT IS SOMETHING THAT, IN THE LONG RUN, WE BETTER BE DEALING WITH, AND THE WAY YOU DEAL WITH IT IN THE LONG RUN IS STARTING IN THE SHORT RUN, BECAUSE IT’S A MACRO-PROBLEM, BUT MANY OF THE SOLUTIONS ARE MICRO-SOLUTIONS. IT’S PUTTING SOLAR PANELS ON LIBRARIES, PUTTING SOLAR PANELS ON PARKING STRUCTURES, USING WIND. THOSE ARE ALL METHODS I THINK THAT CAN ALLOW US TO MAKE PROGRESS IN THIS AREA.>>Sreenivasan: SOME OF THE PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES HAVE CALLED FOR AN ENTIRE DEBATE JUST ON CLIMATE CHANGE. DO YOU THINK THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY IS TAKING IT SERIOUSLY ENOUGH AT THIS POINT?>>I THINK THAT MANY OF THE CANDIDATES ARE. AND I THINK, WHETHER IT’S A SEPARATE DEBATE OR WHETHER IT’S INCORPORATED INTHEDEBATES, IT HAS TO BE FRONT AND CENTER. PARTICULARLY BECAUSE, ON THE OTHER SIDE, YOU’VE GOT A PRESIDENT WHO SEEMS, AT BEST, UNCARING ABOUT THIS ISSUE. I THINK IT’S AN OPPORTUNITY. BUT AGAIN, YOU HAVE TO RECOGNIZE THAT, FOR SOME PEOPLE, IN MY CITY, WHEN YOU TALK ABOUT CHANGING THE ENVIRONMENT, THEY’RE SAYING, I WANT YOU TO CHANGE THEECONOMICENVIRONMENT. I WANT JOBS. THAT’S WHAT I WANT. AND IN MANY PARTS OF AMERICA, IN URBAN AND RURAL AREAS, YOU HAVE TO START OUT WITH THAT. YOU CAN’T MAKE THAT A SECONDARY ISSUE. IT HAS TO BE, HOW CAN PEOPLE HAVE JOBS WHERE THEY CAN SUPPORT THEIR FAMILIES? THAT IS SO FUNDAMENTAL, IN THIS COMMUNITY, AND IN OUR NATION.>>Sreenivasan: ALL RIGHT. MAYOR BARRETT, THANKS SO MUCH FOR YOUR TIME.>>THANK YOU. AND COME BACK, MANY TIMES!>>Sreenivasan: NOVAK DJOKOVIC WON THE WIMBLEDON TITLE TODAY, DEFEATING ROGER FEDERER IN THE TOURNAMENT’S FIRST-EVER FIFTH SET CHAMPIONSHIP TIEBREAKER. AFTER A 12-12 FINAL SET, DJOKOVIC WON THE HISTORIC TIEBREAKER, 7 TO 3. THE MATCH LASTED CLOSE TO FIVE HOURS, THE LONGEST IN TOURNAMENT HISTORY. THE WIN MARKS DJOKOVIC’S 16th GRAND SLAM TITLE. THAT’S ALL FOR THIS EDITION OF PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND, FROM MILWAUKEE, WISCONSIN. I’M HARI SREENIVASAN. THANKS FOR WATCHING. HAVE A GOOD NIGHT.

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