Overview: Exodus Ch. 1 -18


The book of Exodus. It’s the second book
of the Bible and it picks up the storyline from the previous book, Genesis,
which ended with Abraham’s grandson Jacob leading his large family of
seventy people down to Egypt. Now Jacob’s eleventh son Joseph had been
elevated to second in command over Egypt and he had saved his whole family in a famine. And so Pharaoh the king of Egypt offered the family to come live
there as a safe haven. And so eventually Jacob dies there in Egypt and Joseph and
all his brothers do too. About 400 years pass and the story of the Exodus
begins. Now that name refers to the event that takes place in the first half of the book–Israel’s exodus from Egypt, but the book has a second half that takes place at
the foot of Mount Sinai. In this video we’ll just focus on the first half, where centuries have passed and the Israelites were fruitful and multiplied and they
filled the land. Now this line is a deliberate echo back to the blessing
that God gave all humanity back in the Garden of Eden. And it reminds us of the
big biblical story so far. Humanity forfeited God’s blessing through sin and
rebellion and so God chose Abraham’s family as the vehicle through which he
would restore his blessing to all the world. But the new Pharaoh does not view
Israel as a blessing. He actually thinks this growing Israelite immigrant group is
a threat to his power. And so just as in Genesis, humanity rebells against God’s
blessing, so here Pharaoh attempts to destroy the source
of God’s blessing, the Israelites. He brutally enslaves them in forced
labor and then he orders that all the Israelite boys be drowned in the Nile
River. Now Pharaoh, he is the worst character in the Bible so far. His kingdom
epitomizes humanity’s rebellion against God. Pharaoh has so redefined good and evil according to his own interests that even the murder of innocent children has
become good to him. And so Egypt has become worse than Babylon from the book of Genesis and so now Israel cries out for help against this new Babylon and
God responds. God first turns Pharaoh’s evil upside down, as an Israelite mother throws her boy into the Nile River but in a basket. And
so he floats safely right down into Pharaoh’s own family. He’s named Moses and he grows up to eventually become the man that God will use to defeat Pharaoh’s evil. In the famous story of the burning bush, God appears to Moses and commissions him to go to
Pharaoh and order him to release the Israelites. And God says that he knows
Pharaoh will resist and so he will bring his judgment on Egypt in the form of
plagues. Then God also says that he will harden Pharaoh’s heart. And so we’re
introduced into the next main part of the story–the confrontation between God
and Pharaoh. Now what does this mean that God says he will harden Pharaoh’s heart? It’s super important to read this section of the story really closely in its sequence.
In Moses and Pharaoh’s first encounter we’re told simply that Pharaoh’s heart
grew hard. There’s no implication that God did anything. And so in response God
sends the first set of 5 plagues, each one confronting Pharaoh and one of his
Egyptian gods. And each time Moses offers a chance for Pharaoh to humble himself and to let the Israelites go but after each plague we’re told that Pharaoh
either hardened his heart or that his heart grew hard. He’s doing this of his
own will and so eventually it’s with the second set of 5 plagues that we begin to
hear how God hardened Pharaoh’s heart. So the point of the story seems to be this: even
though God knew that Pharaoh would resist his will, God still offered him all
these chances to do the right thing. But eventually Pharaoh’s evil reaches a point
of no return– I mean even his own advisers think that he has lost his mind.
And it’s at that point that God takes over and bends Pharaoh’s evil towards his own
redemptive purposes. God lures Pharaoh into his own destruction as he saves his
people, which is what happens next. With the final plague, it’s the night of Passover.
And God turns the tables on Pharaoh. Just as he killed the sons of the Israelites,
so God will kill the first born in Egypt with a final plague. But unlike Pharaoh, God provides
a means of escape through the blood of the Lamb. And here the story stops and
introduces us in detail to the annual Israelite ritual of Passover. On the
night before Israel left Egypt, they sacrificed a young, spotless lamb and
painted its blood on the door frame of their house. And when the divine plague
came over Egypt, the houses covered with the blood of the Lamb were passed
over, and the son spared. And so every year since, the Israelites have reenacted that
night to remember and celebrate God’s justice and his mercy. But Pharaoh,
because of his pride and rebellion, he loses his own son and he’s compelled to
finally let the Israelites go free. And so the Israelite slaves make their
exodus from Egypt, but no sooner did they leave than Pharaoh changes his mind and he gathers his army and chases after the Israelites for a final showdown. As the
Israelites pass through the waters of the sea safely, Pharaoh charges towards
his own destruction. The Exodus story concludes with the first song of praise
in the Bible. It’s called the Song of the Sea and the final line declares that
the Lord reigns as king. And then the song retells in poetry what the story of
God’s kingdom is all about. It’s about how God is on a mission to confront evil in
his world and to redeem those who are enslaved to evil. God is going to bring
his people into the Promised Land where his divine presence will live among them.
This story is what it looks like when God becomes king over his people. So
after the Israelites sing their song, the story takes a sharp turn. The Israelites–
they’re trekking through the wilderness on their way to Mount Sinai and they’re
hungry, they’re thirsty, and they start criticizing Moses and God for even rescuing them. They say they long for the good old days in Egypt. I mean, it’s crazy. So God
graciously provides food and water for Israel in the wilderness, but these
stories, they cast a dark shadow and we begin to wonder, “Could it be that
Israel’s heart is just as hard as Pharaoh’s?” We shall see, but for now that’s the first half of the book of Exodus.

100 thoughts on “Overview: Exodus Ch. 1 -18

  1. thumbs up for the videos. Buh can't agree with your view that 400years passed from Joseph to Moses given that Moses is fourth after Levi who lived while Joseph lived. Levi lived 130, Kohath 133, Amram was then Moses' father. The 400 years clearly also encompassed all the years that Abraham lived in Canaan as a sojourner all the way to the Exodus… Its such a minor detail, buh jus saying :). please keep them coming

    1:39 ??? children being drowned Biblical? Exodus 1:16 says the midwiveswere ordered to kill the boy children,

  2. I noticed what seems to be a discrepancy in this video… at 2min 11sec, Tim says that the Israelite mother puts her boy in a basket and he floats safely down the Nile river… but when I read Exodus this morning it says:

    When she could hide him no longer, she took for him a basket made of bulrushes and daubed it with bitumen and pitch. She put the child in it and placed it among the reeds by the river bank. And his sister stood at a distance to know what would be done to him. Now the daughter of Pharaoh came down to bathe at the river, while her young women walked beside the river. She saw the basket among the reeds and sent her servant woman, and she took it.
    (Exodus 2:3-5)

    So from what it sounds like, Moses was actually placed among the reeds and didn't float away and end up at Pharaoh's house.

    If my understanding is wrong, then please inform me how we can derive that he floated down the river.

  3. Just finished reading Exodus completely, for the first time, and thought I'd watch this to solidify what I read.
    While watching this, when it got to the Passover part, I was reminded of the sequence of events that took place before Christ's crucifixion (probably because I'm also reading Matthew right now) during Passover. And how Christ was the spotless Lamb just like the spotless lamb in Egypt and how the blood protected them. Just like Christ's blood was shed for our sins and His righteousness imputed on us.
    Sorry if this is confusing… But I just now made that parallel thanks to the Holy Spirit. Even though I've heard about the story of the Israelites in Egypt countless times, this is the first time I've truly made the parallel of the Passover then (Old Testament) and the lamb to the one in Matthew right before Christ's death.
    God Bless and thank you for your videos!!

  4. Has anyone worked out how many Jews were involved in the Exodus…men women and children.?
    Has there ever been an educated calculation of the numbers involved?
    Surely there must have been a considerable amount as they later went on to battle and conquer other tribes and conquer/ inhabit Israel

  5. Is it still important to keep the the annual passover ritual exactly as it is told in Exodus?
    I’ve realized that theres two views to this question and I don’t know which is right:
    One view is that Jesus represents the passover lamb and because of that we should exclude the lamb from the ritual because it would be disrespectful since Jesus was our sacrificial lamb and your not gonna find no lamb without blemish to sacrifice anyway. 
    The other view is that the Passover ritual has been done annually ever since Exodus and we should still follow the instructions given in Exodus which includes the lamb, as it also represents a yearly reminder of how Jesus was our sacrificial lamb, after all Jesus sacrificed lamb as well for passovers he was in.

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  7. This video states that Jacob dies there and shows in the illustration that he is buried there but he asked Joseph not to bury him there in the Bible.

  8. Hola, thanks for serving in this unique way to share the Word of God Almighty as He permits and may He continue unto His and His Son's honor in the highest forever. Truly.
    With Their help alone as we are all deficient, this neighbor only seeks for 1Peter 4:7-11:
    1. Israel could not leave the night of the Passover[14th of Nisan], otherwise they would have sinned/1st borns would have died: because they were commanded as it was written (Exod 12:21 [FV])
    Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel and said to them, "Draw out and take a lamb for yourselves according to your families, and kill the Passover lamb.

    (Exod 12:22 [FV])
    And you shall take a bunch of hyssop and dip in the blood that is in the bowl, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood in the bowl. And none of you shall go out of the door of his house until sunrise,

    No one was to go out of their door until sunrise, not even Moses! Yes the movie lies to us all. And we know God tells us that the children of Israel did what was commanded Ex 12:28

    This tell us that Moses didnt go out
    (Exod 10:27 [FV])
    But the LORD hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he would not let them go.

    (Exod 10:28 [FV])
    And Pharaoh said to him, "Get away from me! Take heed to yourself! See my face no more, for in the day you see my face you shall die."

    (Exod 10:29 [FV])
    And Moses said, "You have spoken well. I will never see your face again."

    What took place was Pharoah sent a messenger to the dwelling where Moses[who did not go out his door] was (Exod 12:31 [FV])
    And during the night he sent word to Moses and Aaron saying, "Rise up! Get away from my people, both you and the children of Israel! And go serve the LORD, as you have said.

    This was before sunrise and way after midnight.

    I pray as Christ the Teacher/Sower enables, that this is of help; as it is written "iron sharpens iron".
    1Peter 4:7-11

  9. You're fighting so hard for the case of man';s free will it's petty…Really disappointed as I liked this channel's content

  10. And then atheists brings this to every argument that God killed the first born of egypt, not knowing or read the full story
    Fools

  11. I have enjoyed your concise explanations of each book of the Bible, but I was concerned on how you handled the beginning aspects of Genesis. Firstly you do not refer to God creating a man and a women, but call them humans. Then the picture you use of the two humans both have no hair or at the best very short. I think it would be important to separate the two sexes both in narrative as well as art work especially with the gender issues we are confronted with in our culture.

  12. God bless you. All praises to Elohim for the clarity in your videos. There was little emphasis, but Christ's role as the Passover lamb was made clear. Amen. Thank Jesus for sparing all those little lambs and us.

  13. @thebibleproject thank you for using your gifts to honor the lord. I have a humble request. The bible uses a Jewish wedding symbolically, a lot, but I have a heart time picturing it. I was hoping that maybe you guys could adress this
    Ex: Mathew 25, Mathew 22 or any time the church is mentioned as a bride. Thanks again. GOD BLESS

  14. You know what always gets me about exodus? Moses and Aron turn the waters into blood, then the magicians of pharaohs courts do the same. Why!? And how? If the rivers were already blood, what did they turn to blood after that? And why!? That’s stupid. You would think they would turn it back to water. Not make more blood…that’s dumb. Then the second plague is frogs, Moses and Aron plagued the land of Egypt with frogs. And then the magicians did the same. WHY!? Why in the world would anyone in their right mind, follow up a curse with more curse? On their own land!? That’s incredibly counter productive!

    Then the third curse, the dust of the earth turning to gnats, that sounds really horrible. Incredibly horrible. Nothing anyone would want. And then after Moses and Aron allegedly did it, the magicians tried to do it! Why! These magicians are idiots! Why would they want to do that!? Aside from the fact that all dust already turned to gnats, so there wouldn’t be any dust left to turn into gnats…so I’m not surprised it didn’t work ..,but who does that!? Then apparently the magicians just give up causing more plagues for their own land…,but I always thought this was silly.

    No one would do that.

  15. You missed the most important part of chapter 3. When Mosses asks for God's name he answers,"I Am that I Am." Meaning his existence is to be. Or the pure act of being itself.

  16. Love these vids. Just a heads up for all. @.34 he said "after about 400 years past. This is innacurate. They weren't in Egypt 400 years. God gave the ages and life span of the line of Korah (Moses line) so if you do the math youd see that they couldn't have been in Egypt no more than 220 years…. In fact Exodus 12:40 states that the length of time the people lived in Egypt AND Canaan was 430 years. Meaning combined. In Galatians 4:15-17 the Apostle Paul goes on to confirm this by saying :

    15 Brothers and sisters, let me take an example from everyday life. Just as no one can set aside or add to a human covenant that has been duly established, so it is in this case. 16 The promises were spoken to Abraham and to his seed. Scripture does not say “and to seeds,” meaning many people, but “and to your seed,”[i] meaning one person, who is Christ. 17 What I mean is this: The law, introduced 430 years later, does not set aside the covenant previously established by God and thus do away with the promise. 18 For if the inheritance depends on the law, then it no longer depends on the promise; but God in his grace gave it to Abraham through a promise.

    Meaning from the time God spoke to Abraham at age 75 giving him the promise, to the time God gave Moses the 10 commandments on Mount Sinai after the exodus was a total of 430 years. Yall tell me what you think. Let God lead you.

  17. For those really love and believe in the Lord Jesus, I recommend the book " Jesus, my autobiography", through Tina Louise Spalding, real Jesus speaking to you, I feel so connected with him when reading this book, which radiant with unconditional love, and Divine wisdom which is true teachings of Jesus , a lot of them missing in the Bible.

  18. So we pretty much don't have free will because God interacted with Pharaoh and didn't give him the free will to choose what he wanted to do.

  19. Anytime i watch the video of the bible projects i felt that i am already in the bible school. i have learned so many things and very understandable.. i read the scriptures before since i become a born again but i don’t understand the meaning and the word of God 🙏 the Holy Spirit is guiding me to find this video
    God Bless you more and more 🙏🙏🙏

  20. I am loving these videos and you guys are doing great work. I do not wish to be a nitpicker but for the sake of truth I want to clarify something. At 3:10 you guys say that Pharaohs heart grew hard, and God did not do anything (in other words, Pharaoh's heart was hardened not by God?). Exodus 7:3-4 clearly says, “But I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and though I multiply my miraculous signs and wonders in Egypt he will not listen to you. " God hardened Pharaohs heart because " with mighty acts of judgment I will bring out my people the Israelite.” I understand how it is hard for us to understand how unjust it may sound for God to harden someone's heart but the Bible is God's word. It says that God did harden his heart because God is also a just God. We must not twist his words to fit our own meaning or misunderstandings of who God is. That is a "back to the garden" issue. God was in control the entire time, he is Sovereign over all things. Love your work! Thank you for all you do!

  21. Consuming the main points of the Bible in a succinct and visualized form is so potent! It allows me to build connections and experience emotions in a way that would be impossible without these videos. I'm so stoked to start studying my Bible again! Thank you! Praise God! 🙂

  22. Why do academics here in the U.S., FALSELY CLAIM the EXODUS as occurring in 1445 B.C. ?
    As the Biblical record, gives us very accurate dates from the EXODUS, to the First year of King SAUL, as 537 years !!!
    And from the First year of King SAUL, until the Eleventh year of King ZEDEKIAH, when he was captured in 587 B.C., by King NEBUCHADNEZZAR, of BABYLON, as a period of 525 years !!!

    So adding back the 525 years, ( that covers the recorded reign of the 23 Kings of JUDAH, from King SAUL'S First year, until King ZEDEKIAH'S Eleventh year ) onto the 587 B.C. date of King ZEDEKIAH'S capture, Brings us to the year 1112 B.C., for the First year of King SAUL !!

    And adding back the already established 537 years that transpired from the EXODUS until the First year of King SAUL, brings us to the year 1690 B.C. for the confirmed date of the EXODUS, ……and NOT the FALSELY Claimed date of 1445 B.C propagated by the academics of modern Theology !!!

    So what is the "Secret AGENDA" for such FALSIFIED and FRAUDULENT DATING of the EXODUS, as portrayed by modern scholars and in UNIVERSITIES all across this Nation ??
    Is there NO ACCOUNTABILITY ???

    Morgan Sorensen ( Theologian/Bible Prophecy teacher )

  23. Small critique – Jacob died in Egypt but his body was taken back to Canaan to be buried with Abraham and Isaac. The tombstone next to Joseph makes it seem like he was buried in Egypt.

  24. Exodus shows the end of the Age Taurus/Scorpio with its emphasis upon children, bull sacrifice, and destruction by water.

  25. Just wondering is what is the significance of the burning Bush. I know it was how god appeared to moses, but why a burning Bush. Does it mean something more? Or, am I just looking to far in.

  26. Just in terms of narrative, I'd like to ask why you say Pharaoh's hardens his heart first. Isn't the first mention of this in Exodus 4:21 and 7:3 where God says He will harden Pharaoh's heart (before 7:13)?

  27. Love your work guys! However, the Bible doesn't seem to match your theory about Pharaoh hardening his heart and God doing it too. A few quick points:
    1. God continues to use conditional language "if you don't, then…" even AFTER the first 5 plagues.
    2. More importantly, in Exodus 4.21 God announces that he will harden pharaoh's heart so that he can get to Plague #10 (and glorify himself as we learn in Exodus 9.16).

  28. Wonderful! Loved it…”but” Exodus 2:3 says that Moses’ mother put him in a papyrus basket and put it “among the reeds along the bank of the Nile”. It doesn’t say she ever put the basket in the river. Exodus 2:5 further explains how baby Moses was found by Pharaoh’s daughter along the river bank when she went to bathe.

  29. ☕I want to thank you guys and the team for these videos. I actually started watching three to four years ago and I have been enjoying the Bible more and keeping the Sabbath more than ever. Great job on the series and the updated version! Stay blessed my brothers and sisters in Christ ❤️

  30. im watching this and just realized its sunday 🙂
    i haven't been reading or studying the bible in a while so i believe this is a good start.

  31. Your vidoes are absolutely amazing! I learned so much from this channel. Keep up the good work. God bless you!

  32. No during the first plague god also says HE has hardend pharaohs heart. In exodus 7:3 god says: And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt. And he does this because in his words "The egyptians shall know that I am lord" wich is pretty stupid if you ask me. Sounds like god likes stroking his own ego by making the pharaoh refusing moses' request and then showing of his power by punishing innocent egyptians with his plagues.

  33. wow i understand exodus SO much more!!! i've only studied 7-12 but wow! i already understand it 💛this is one of my favorite bible stories ! thank u for explaining it so good !!!! makes so much sense and allow me to understand in a way i didn't before ! Great Work

  34. Somebody please explain to me why moses wasn’t allowed into the promised land. Im just a child and i dont understand the bible sometimes.

  35. man this thing brings everything you read together… yet I still think about the details that are significantly present to me, from experience. I now know that the Bible to me is reaching to levels iv never attained.

  36. Why did God sent Moses to Egypt to free the Jews & then "harden Pharaoh's heart" so then he wouldn't let the Jews leave, thereby making it necessary to set 10 plagues loose on Egypt killing innocent people? What happened to Pharaoh's free will?

  37. "Pharoah has so redefined good and evil according to his own interests, that even the murder of innocent children has become good to him."

  38. ISAIAH 2 – EXODUS
    “Their land is also full of idols; they worship the work of their own hands, that which their own fingers have made.” (Isaiah 2:8)

    Words By: Father

    "Exodus means a mass departure. But a departure of what? For the Israelites it was a departure from Egypt to the promised land. But is it really a departure if the soul carries the Egypt heart? You can remove the people out of Egypt but it’s different moving Egypt out of the heart of man which is why the Israelites encountered the many troubles. The golden calf was just a fruit of their idolatry and an expression of their idol worship. The Church still carries this same attitude. It is the heart of idolatry by serving two masters – Me and the gods that please themselves. Cares of the world, deceitfulness of riches and lust of other things has become the modern day golden image and indeed many have given their hearts over to these idols and end up doing what Aaron did. Now it wasn’t that Aaron didn’t love Me, however complacency was in his heart and he ended up doing what all complacent people do – denying Me for the temporary.

    I have called you out of the world and into My kingdom; but not to bring the world into My kingdom. I am not saying that you cannot desire things. But if the desire owns your heart and you cannot seem to live without it because you feel compelled to have it, then you must consider what it is that you are worshipping. These are desires you must let go of if you want to reach the promise land. You should never look back and think, “The world is also full of silver and gold and there is no end to their treasures.” If I have shown you the path, given you the miracles and offered you a kingdom, then what in Egypt could you possibly want? Cast your cares at My feet, remain faithful to My voice and I will be faithful to meet your every need."

  39. What I learned from this was God lets people like Pharaoh murder a bunch of baby boys and doesn't do anything, but he does part the sea for Moses, but he doesn't do anything to stop Hitler pretty messed up dude if you ask me

  40. Love the explanation you guys gave for the hardness of pharaoh’s heart. That always gave me issues when reading this account. I figured it had to do with God using Pharaoh to bring about redemption and salvation for His people! So good!

  41. The firstborn boys of egypt die all in one night, and you say it was a 'plague'? It was Death. The bible never said Death was a plague. He didnt USE a plague to kill the firstborn of egypt. Plagues take time. Death is instant.

  42. I’m in the first part of the Exodus out of Egypt 🇪🇬 on the Read Scripture App & I’m left wondering why God sort to put Moses to death…

  43. around 2:00 min mark you say that Egypt becomes worse than Babylon in Genesis… yet Babylon doesn't show up until much later in the Bible, and it isn't even mentioned in Genesis. I assume you mean Babel?

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