If You Are a Match: Bone Marrow Donation Process



(Voice) If you match a patient, it will cost
you no money to donate. We reimburse all travel expenses and provide
other assistance as well. You’ll be asked to give a blood sample to
test whether you are the best possible match for the patient. If you continue, it could take up to 30 to
40 hours total, including travel time, to attend appointments and donate. This is spread out over a 4-to-6 week period. You will begin by going to an information
session and receiving a physical exam before donating. Be The Match provides you with details and
support every step of the way. The patient’s doctor will ask you to donate
in one of two ways. Today, the most common way to donate is through
a procedure called PBSC, or peripheral blood stem cell donation. There is no surgery involved. Donors receive daily injections of a drug
called filgrastim for 5 days before collection, to increase the blood-forming cells in the
blood stream. On the 5th day some of the donor’s blood
is removed through a needle in one arm and passed through a machine that separates out
the blood-forming cells. The remaining blood is returned through the
other arm. PBSC donors may experience headaches, bone,
or muscle aches for several days before collection. These are side effects of filgrastim and typically
disappear within 24 to 48 hours after donating. The other method of donating cells is marrow
donation, which is a surgical procedure. In this type of donation, the donor is anesthetized
and feels no pain during the procedure. The doctor inserts a special needle that removes
some liquid marrow inside the donor’s pelvic bone. Because only 1 to 5 percent of a donor’s
marrow is taken, the donor’s immune system stays strong. The marrow replaces itself completely within
4 to 6 weeks. (voiceover) After marrow donation, a donor
can expect to feel some soreness in the lower back for one to two weeks afterward. Donors can expect to be back to their normal
routine in 2 to 7 days.

15 thoughts on “If You Are a Match: Bone Marrow Donation Process

  1. I registered today. I have a question…If i live in California and my donor is in Michigan, would I have to fly in for the procedure or would I be able to donate where I live?

  2. I want to thank people like who have donated. The people who do this really saves lives I had A.M.L back in 2013 had my transplant in 2014 it saved my life I am cancer free. I can't thank these people enough for what they do.

  3. Just registered! I'm not concerned about the possibility of pain considering I felt my entire c-section. I'm only wondering if I will be able to get the time off work if they find I'm a good match, that's really my only drawback.

  4. Two questions…1.  Is this full or partial anesthesia, and 2.  Can a carrier of hemophilia donate.  Does anyone know, or is this for the doc?  Appreciate any knowledgeable answers.

  5. I got an email saying I'm a possible match. I called, answered some questions and was told to wait 2 months. Hope I could help to save someone's life

  6. Do you have family or friends who have questions about donating marrow? SHARE this video and help spread awareness about the donation process:

  7. As a recipient in April 2013, of a stem cell transplant from an anonymous donor. by the grace of God the actions of the donor and prayers from family and friends, I have been in remission for the past 9 months.  I have gone thru the process shown in the video, as a donor for myself (autologous transplant).  Trust me, other than the inconvenience of having to lying down in the bed for 6-8 hours at a stretch, I hardly experienced any discomfort afterwards.  Bottom line, consider this, after my autologous failed to provide the desired result, I was very frightened to go thru the allogeinic transplant.  I was emphatically told if I did not go thru it, I would most likely not see January 2014.  Don't think anymore, get yourself registered as a potential stem cell donor.  You could be saving a precious human life, a year or older.  God bless the 30 year donor who became the agent of giving me a shot at enjoying my grand children.  Information on how to get a cheek swab test done please visit the Be the Match website: http://bethematch.org/.  Please do not take this lightly, DO IT NOW and spread the word.  The younger the donor, the better are the chances of success of fighting the cancer cells.Oh, I forgot to mention,it was Be The Match who found my matching donor thru their Stem Cell data bank.

  8. Angelica… It does look far worse than it is. I donated bone marrow and stem cells as well. The bone marrow pain was about as much as falling on your behind from a fewof steps up. The soreness lasts for a few days to a couple weeks. Nothing extreme just more of a nuisance, especially since you can't easily see your behind when you want to shower lol. I did the procedure on a Thursday morning (crack of down ergh) and went back to work full schedule that following Monday. The PSBC donation took about 4 hours and I had no pain, dizziness, headache, etc. at all. The only problems I had were that 1. I forgot to eat prior, very important and don't forget to eat AND 2. I had to pee during the last 35 min and OMG that clock went super slow (You cannot move during those 4 hours and I didn't want to pee in a bed pan lol) 
    The anesthesia was general, but no worries, Be The Match only works with the best 😀

  9. One of my main concerns was the amount of pain the donor would go through during donation. When I looked up how to extract bone marrow from someone, I almost fainted when I watched some of the videos. I mean I'm sure the procedure looks far worse than it really is, but oh my goodness; it looked extremely painful!
    I went to the website to read further details about becoming a donor; and noticed it DOES state "If I match… anesthesia will be used". I wonder if its just "local" or "general".

  10. This is a very good and clear explanation of the donation process and possible (minimal) side effects. All potential donors should see this video. Thank You Very Much
    Be The Match staff for all your fabulous videos. sunil parekh, MDRI, Mumbai.

  11. Thank you for this! Im thinking about doing this for my grandma and I wanted to know strait up how it would work. I'm only 13 so I'm really nervous!

  12. I prefer the large needle into the bone method because Filgrastim has potentially dangerous side effects and the long term effects of this chemical are unknown. Look it up on Wikipedia yourself.

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