EDU 747 Week 4 Cultural Aspects of Learning



cultural aspects of learning for Hispanic and Latino students by Pamela kooky edu 747 University of New England according to the 2016 fall report of the National Center for Educational statistics three million seven hundred ninety thousand nine hundred forty nine students attending public schools in the United States spoke Spanish is the primary language this number constituted seventy six point six percent of all English language learners students in the United States since expanding and Latino cultures take in many countries and each country has a slightly different culture I will give a general overview of the Hispanic Latino culture in this presentation the family you had includes parents children and extended family the father is the head of the family and the mother is responsible for the home they have a strong moral responsibility to aid other members of the family who are having financial problems are unemployed have health problems or any other issues families are family ties are very strong among members families often get together for celebrations such as holidays birthdays baptisms graduations and weddings they teach their children the importance of good manners and respect in the elderly they believe in preserving the Spanish language was in the family Hispanics welcomed each other with a firm handshake as well as when leaving the Spanish language has both a formal and a non formal way of addressing people in non formal settings conversations between Hispanic speakers are usually loud they tend to speak rapidly with animated gestures and body language to better convey their point formal attire is commonly worn to church party parties social gatherings as was work Hispanics tend to be more relaxed about punctuality than us natives it is not uncommon for them to arrive 30 minutes late and this is considered a socially acceptable behavior Hispanics tend to be reserved about public speaking due to their foreign accent Catholicism is the dominant religion the Georgia influences family life and community affairs give you a spiritual meaning to the Hispanic culture each community celebrates his patron saint stay with greater importance of ceremony than they do for earth days they celebrate international holidays such as Easter Christmas Eve Christmas and New Year's Day each country celebrates its el dia de indepence iya with local regional or national festivals these festivals may last up to several days a light meal is served for breakfast lunch is the main meal of the day it is customary for adult family members and children's to come children to come home from work or school for about two hours to be together for this meal in the early evening a light snack is served this meal is informal and is typically for children and any adult who are home at the time and that evening a small supper concludes the mills once Hispanics have moved to the United States that they typically have to change to a three mil day the midday and evening meals are important for families and they are often social events usually when food and or additional surveys are offered to Hispanics they tend to accept them only after it has been offered a second or a third time to engage Hispanic audiences in the learning process attention should be given to gain and maintain trust greater acceptance of educational efforts will occur by learners if Hispanic community leaders are involved in the planning delivery and evaluation of these educational efforts when holding a conversation the physical distance is much closer than in other cultures showing respect for leader for learners is another important aspect of the Hispanic culture teachers need to pay individual attention to each learner such as grieving each student handing papers to each individual student rather than passing them down the road being sensitive to the different Hispanic cultures even though Hispanics share the same language their cultures including foods may vary considerably information is often passed by word of mouth grocery stores and churches are the common places that people need visit and exchange information promote students learning outcomes educators need to seek attitudes skills experiences and dispositions that will allow them to see the child in the cultural linguistic ethnic and social context of his or her home and community specifically the influences of families on early literacy learning cannot be underestimated for the acquisition of language dr. Fred Genesee asked the question how can schools and teachers even those who are monolingual act on evidence that clearly shows the personal cognitive linguistic and educational value of lose using the linguistic resources that english-language learners bring to school he says there isn't a single answer to this question but mentions ideas from a book that he co-authored with cloud and Tammy Ann he says that we need to encourage students to see connections between their languages and to better understand how languages are structured and organized we need to talk to the students about their home language and to ask them how is the home language the same and how is it different from English as part of phonological and metalinguistic awareness exercises to facilitate reading acquisition ask the students to say words that start with the same sound or sounds in English and to have them read books in their home language to show you what they know about reading gonna see suggests by using the collective skills and knowledge of all students in the classroom even a monolingual teacher can tap into these valuable language resources that English English language learners have and do so with a confidence that these methods will promote their language development in English as well as the home language for real phonics instruction aims to help new readers understand that there are systematic and predictable grueling relationships between writing letters and spoken sound vocabulary plays an important part in learning to read as well as in understanding what is read as students learn to read more advanced texts they must learn the meaning of new words that are not part of their oral vocabulary for English language learners vocabulary development is especially important as students develop academic language fluency can be difficult when it comes to English language learners reading instruction comprehension tends to be the most difficult skills to master however language English language learners will benefit from explicit instruction and comprehension skills for writing graphic organizers are easy to use yet powerful tools that help students with issues that can cause trouble with writing a graphic organizer breaks the assignment down into small steps and keeps their thoughts organized in a visual manner mainstream literacy professionals can still embrace the native language and home cultures of English learners in ways that honor and ultimately promote English learners success in our classrooms and educational communities delica preemie and Seifert have offered ways to achieve successful learning with english language learners in the classroom first they suggest that you ask the student in their article they quote mold at all they say asking English language learners to help reframes immigrants and children of immigrants as classroom resources with vital funds of knowledge they go on to quote Filmore by saying ask you bilingual or bicultural children to facilitate a parallel their language alongside the regular curriculum not only affords second language for all students this model continues in with English language learners on a path to literacy development in their native language while they are learning English they suggest some simple steps such as word walls that are posted in English as well as in Spanish and making sure that classroom labels are written in both languages next they suggest asking the parents they once again quote mold when bilingual parents are invited into the classroom for authentic purposes mutual respect is fostered they shared a quote by vendors and Louis spanish-speaking parents are valuable resources to expand that extend the language development and to provide translations and vocabulary to parallel many classroom readings and to extend unit to study with the Spanish and authentic connections next they suggest asking parent organizations they suggest that you tap into both human and material capital the human capital would be asking for tutoring or classroom volunteers and the material capital would be asking for some type of bilingual materials asking the schools asking for high school students who are taking Spanish honors classes or even possibly a local college student to come in they would be able to work with your students helping with reading writing speaking and listening skills and then finally to ask the community local libraries are likely to have resources to support personnel that can become involved in the classrooms larger communities might have bilingual churches members may be willing to volunteer and these are the references that I have used for my presentation you

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