Cows, Carbon and Climate | Joel Salatin | TEDxCharlottesville

Translator: Laurelle Walsh
Reviewer: Rhonda Jacobs Sunbeams are the essence of poetry. Dreams, fantasy, fairy tales; sunbeams. And yet, as esoteric
and mystical as sunbeams are, they are the energy driver of the planet in a very visceral, physical,
scientific, empirical sense. But if I asked you to go out
and grab me some sunbeams, we know they’re valuable, right? Well, grab me some;
could you bring them in here? Let’s talk about sunbeams. Children will take you up on this, they’ll dance around a little while
and try to grab them, but they can’t. The fact is, that something as esoteric
and mystical as sunbeams is captured by nature’s
photovoltaic array, called photosynthesis in plants, through the chlorophyll of plants. And, specifically, grass. So, the problem is that most of us,
in our modern culture, are quite disconnected from grass. When I say “grass,”
people immediately think of lawns, golf courses, maybe a soccer field. But you’re not thinking about
the kind of grass that the Knights
of the Golden Horseshoe found in the early 1700s,
when Governor Spotswood, the colonial governor
of Virginia sent his friends, dubbed the “Knights
of the Golden Horseshoe” – they were British after all – sent them across the Blue Ridge. The British had bumped up here
against the Blue Ridge. What was over Afton Mountain? What was over there? So he sent them over
to discover what was there. And what they found, they wrote back, and they spent a couple
of weeks, and they said, “Everywhere we rode
in the Shenandoah Valley, we could take the grass
and tie it in a knot above the horse’s saddle.” It was a magnificent silvopasture of elk, deer, passenger pigeons,
prairie chickens, pheasants, turkey and bison, up to herds
of three to four million. Captain Jim Bridger got behind a herd
out in the Black Hills of the Dakotas, when he was sent out to explore it,
behind seven million bison. Now, that’s always intrigued me. “Lieutenant, could you come
up here a minute please? Sharpen your quill. Start counting; one, two,
– you got that?” (Laughter) I have no idea, but the legacy of these migratory herds that were moved by both natural-
and Native American-lit fires as a landscape choreography, and these migratory patterns
where they move thousands of miles created the soils that we are currently mining today in the Midwest, and that we already mined in Virginia – up to three feet of topsoil
washed off of Virginia – during the European
colonialization of the state, and up until today,
and it’s still washing off today, because we have turned this beautiful,
perennial-based system into an annually-based tillage system,
which is highly erosive. In the Shenandoah Valley, where I live, arguably three to five feet
of topsoil have washed out and created the turbidity
in today’s Chesapeake Bay. So how does nature actually work? How nature works is sunbeams come down,
it’s captured by photosynthesis, and converted into biomass;
into vegetable material. And if we look at the different
kinds of plants, trees, bushes, and grass, intuitively, we think,
“Well, what’s the most efficacious plant to collect these sunbeams
and sequester the carbon?” Your mind tends to go to trees, because you can see,
“Wow, look at all that biomass!” But in actuality,
trees are the least efficient. Brush is more efficient, you know,
bushes and brush, and things like that. And then, the pinnacle is grass. The fact is that
when you look at a forest, you’re seeing 50 to 80,
maybe 100 years of stored carbon all standing visible. You’re not seeing 80 years of grass visible at one time. Now, the grass goes through
a growth cycle just like us, just like all living things
it goes through a growth cycle. It starts slow, and then it accelerates,
and then it goes into senescence. So the three stages of grass, I call: diaper stage; so right here in this pot
I have freshly-eaten diaper stage. It’s just been grazed,
and it’s coming back. Here, I have teenage grass, okay? Juvenile, fast-growth grass; remember when you could eat
a half-gallon of ice cream and it didn’t go on your hips? This is juvenile grass. And then we come into more juvenile,
but you see it’s starting to brown down, and eventually it goes to what I call
“nursing home grass”. (Laughter) Okay? Senescence, the end. The role of the herbivore in nature,
if you’ve ever thought about it, and the reason I’m concentrating on this, is because herbivores have gotten
a bad rap in recent days, cows, climate change and all that stuff. You see, the data points to study the effect of cows
on the environment are all coming from a position that does not respect and honor the herbivore in it’s classic role. The role of the herbivore, and the reason the planet
is so full of herbivores, think about Africa, think about South America, the alpacas,
think about Indochina, yaks, they’re all over the place. Reindeer, caribou,
there’s a lot of herbivores, groundhogs, prairie dogs,
you know, everything. (Laughter) Because without them, this biomass would simply
turn into senescent material, and just volatilize,
and die, and quit growing. So the role of the herbivore in nature is to take this
as it approaches senescence, prune it back, just like a viticulturist
would prune a vineyard, or an orchardist
would prune an apple tree. Does anyone think ill of an orchardist,
“Why are you pruning your apple tree?” No, we think that’s good,
we think that’s good stewardship. And that’s exactly
what the herbivores did. So, they pruned this back to restart this rapid biomass production. Without them, it stops;
the whole program stops. Now, the problem is, how do we duplicate this
if we don’t have migratory patterns? If we don’t have four million
buffalo in a herd, if we don’t have 10 million
wolves chasing them, if we don’t have fire, if we don’t have the magnificent,
amazing choreography of nature, how do we duplicate this amazing
principle that hydrated, built soil, fed all the mycorrhizae
and the actinomycetes, and built the soils
that we’re still mining today? How do we duplicate
that if we have a system of private land ownership and all that? Well, we do it with high-tech,
electric fencing. Space age, microchip, electric fencing. It’s almost invisible to the eye, and yet we can encircle
a herd of a thousand cows with an almost invisible wire
that you would never see. Visitors to our farm
are told, “Watch the wire.” They walk into it. (Squawks) (Laughter) It’s practically invisible, but because it’s such a strong
psychological barrier, the cows learn. And they can see way better than us. In fact, they can see
all the way around their heads, except for 30 degrees on their back end. So, they can see this,
they know it’s there. And it allows us to duplicate
this mobbed movement that they would have had
in eons before we had private land. We call this, “mob-stalking,
herbivorous, solar-conversion, lignified, carbon sequestration.” (Laughter) And so, as the biomass gets to this point, we prune it back with the herbivore,
and then it begins to grow. And as the leaf area begins
to get more and more chlorophyll, the growth accelerates and accelerates,
so that from here to here, let’s just say, for sake of discussion, from here to here,
this time period is 20 days. From here to here,
the time period is only 10 days. So it’s accelerating
and then it slows off. So what we’re doing
is using the herbivore, – in this case a cow, it could be a sheep,
a goat, whatever, in this case a cow – we’re using the animal
in its historic role, using high-tech, electric fencing, in order to leverage and stimulate
the biomass production. The bottom line is that in Augusta County where I live,
which is over the mountain, in Augusta County, the average pasture,
the biomass production, if you dry it down and you weigh it, the biomass production
on the average acre of grass in Augusta County,
is 2500 pounds per year. On our farm, we’ve been there almost 60 years,
we’ve never planted a seed, we’ve never bought a bag
of chemical fertilizer, and on our farm we average
well over 10,000 pounds per acre. We’re all familiar with the tension
between ecology and economy. And that there’s a battle,
and we can’t be environmentally sensitive unless we sacrifice the economy. And we can’t be economically viable
unless we sacrifice the environment. I’m here to present to you the notion, as a fact, that we can actually have both. But what we have to do
is manage things completely differently. The data points that impugn the lowly cow
as the destroyer of the planet, have the wrong object
to have a problem with. The problem is not the herbivore. The herbivore is doing
what she’s always done. She’s, you know, a 4-wheel-drive,
portable sauerkraut vat, (Laughter) turning carbohydrate,
fermenting it into meat and milk, nutrient-dense food. She’s doing exactly
what she was supposed to do. But she’s not being managed
the way the wild herds and the migratory patterns
were managed where they moved. And they vacated areas long enough
for the forage to go through this magnificent 50, 60, 70-day
physiological expression cycle, and then be pruned back
and harvested at the appropriate time. In fact, what happens on most pastures, the grass never even
can grow to this point. So it’s pruned 20 times in a season, and you add up all those
couple hundred pounds of time, and it comes out to about
2500 pounds per year. Instead, we let the forage
come way up here to full physiological expression
by denying access. We move the cows every day to a new spot,
letting everything else rest and go through this rapid
accumulation cycle. And what it means is that we triple,
quadruple and even quintuple, the amount of forage
that can be produced on a certain area. Now, that cow is dropping 50 pounds
of goodies out her back end every day. (Laughter) So just think about what happens
when you change it from 4000 pounds
of manure and urine per acre, to 20,000 pounds
of manure and urine per acre. Suddenly, you have soil-building capacity. So here we are,
not only harvesting way more, but we’re sequestering way more carbon, we’re using the animal
in its historic role, we’re honoring and respecting
the cow-ness of the cow. When you feed the herbivore
foreign things like grain, and you lock them up in a feedlot, and you do all the kinds
of desecrating things. I mean the US-duh – I call it the US-duh – (Laughter) for 30 years laughed at us for doing this. They said, “Grind up dead cows;
feed them back to cows.” And we were branded Luddites
and anti-progressives, anti-science, you know. “Come on get with the program, Salatin,
what’s this grass stuff?” Forty years later,
there’s this sudden global, “Oops! Maybe we shouldn’t have done that!” (Laughter) And it’s beyond me why we still give
these sophisticated agents of our culture the freedom to tell us
what to eat and how to eat. And so, the “what-if” of this: Just imagine i if all of our neighbors did this instead of continuous grazing,
where they turn 50 cows into 100 acres and just leave them all year,
and the grass can never get above what I call diaper grass. And it just sits there in, like,
half of first gear. There’s a lot of analogies
we can make here, but the point is that the grass
never accelerates. It can’t because it’s,
“Are they ever gonna get out of diapers?” It’s the same way the forage is. But if we control it, so that the animals only access
a tiny little spot each day, and create a mosaic pattern, guess what? Now we’ve got moles and voles;
we’ve got bird nesting sites; we’ve got a continuous
mosaic of pollination, of blossoms, red clover, white clover,
and dandelions that are for pollinators. You’ve got all sorts of growth
going on below the ground because now we have this biology. The soil cools down because
it’s got all this nice cool mulch that’s transpiring and oxygenating. (Inhaling) I’m inhaling the oxygen out of this plant. (Exhaling) And it’s inhaling my carbon dioxide. Isn’t that cool? And tomorrow it goes through a frog,
and then it goes into a goldenrod, and then it comes back,
and it’s this wonderful connection. And so, what if? What if U.Va would serve this kind of meat
instead of the concentration camp meat? (Applause) What if McDonald’s served this? What if Burger King served this? What if you ate this? And what if I ate this? As a blessed way to participate in the most healing, amazing,
nurturing choreography of nature. By respecting the cow-ness of the cow. Using her as an herbivore
in her historic role. And participating
in the nurturing of the planet. Thank you for letting me share
something that’s very simple with you. Thank you. (Applause)

100 thoughts on “Cows, Carbon and Climate | Joel Salatin | TEDxCharlottesville

  1. Please come to Guelph, Ontario- They have one of the largest agricultural colleges in North America! They just built a multi-million Dollar research facility for dairy and beef. Conentration-camp style and pasture is only used to park cars on it…. Researching for the future of agriculture/livestock and not a single animal in their research facility ever sees the light of day. except the horses of course….

  2. Come to New Zealand, Mc'Ds and BK use beef from pasture only animals, you don't have to be organic to work with nature like he is talking.

  3. okay, as far as I know for this to work and grow 10.000 pounds of grass you have to leave half of it on the ground because otherwise you couldn't produce 10.000 pounds witch makes 5.000 pounds

  4. What if American farmers grew grass mowed it at the "right time" and fed it to their cows? Would the carbon sink equate to the deisel used?

  5. The point IS, the POOR cows STILL DIE! They do NOT want to DIE! Do you? What if you were made to trade places with a cow, would you LIKE to die to become a corpse, destined for the hamburgers at McDonald's? Oh… You wouldn't? WELL. NEITHER DO COWS!

  6. That man is an idiot who can’t stand any critic about his barbeque, and is making everything he can to feel good about he’s contribution to the problem that we have with animal agriculture, if we really wanted to still eat meat and have all cows grass fed we would need 2 planets covered with grass. Go watch cowspiracy. The answer is in our behavior, we have to learn to be humble and respectful towards nature. The answer is veganism. No excuses. This Talk is just confusing people about ridiculous ideas about wiring all the landscape

  7. This man is clearly self-interested in preserving farming of cows. Fact is it would still be massively inefficient, and contribute to loss of forests, drinkable water, and grain which could be used to feed the hungry. Eating beef just is not sustainable

  8. Agreed, herbivores play a crucial role, but we have vastly outweighed the ratio to herbivores (cows in particular) to carbon sequestering. Cows hardly ever eat grass these days… Ever see on a menu- "Grass fed cows", yeah, that's a serious rarity.

  9. People really love to hear good things about their bad habits.
    Completely wrong on so many points. Meat/dairy is not nutrient rich, it is calorie rich and nutrient poor. We simply do not have enough land to feed the world to do this. This would only work on a local level, assuming his results get peer reviewed and confirmed. You need much more land to graze to get the same calories as current destructive methods, the animals take longer to grow to market size and still get artificially inseminated, calves separated and still get killed in the same slaughterhouse.

  10. I wish the idiots in Princeton watch this. Those autistic freaks think trees are the answer to everything.

  11. Now I'm not exactly sure how the chemistry works out, but I've heard that grass fed cows produce less greenhouse gasses than grain fed cows. My logic is that since the cow's stomach is meant to ferment the grass so that it can be broken down easier, when you give it grain you get a higher concentration of methane, or methanol. Think about it, grain is very easily fermented into alcohol (beer), but have you ever heard of a grass alcohol? I'm assuming that since the grass is easier to digest for the cow they don't end up burping up as much methane as they do when eating grain. Again, I'm not sure on how the chemistry works out.

  12. One correction on grass production, the spanish lang subtitles reads "hectares", when actually Salatin says "acres". 1ha = 2.47 acres

  13. this stuff is so simple is astonishing people dont understand that all that grass eaten turns into more fertilizer and then the grass grows back fixing more carbon and the world goes round, pruning almost any plant will result in increased growth, wonder why? because the plant assumes it was just eaten completely above ground so wants to bounce back to maintain its own existence, and we can take advantage of this . I blame the fertilizer industries for disconnecting farmers from the land

  14. Livestock is not sustainable despite his improvements. Factory farmed cattle is produces far less greenhouse gas than grass fed, sorry. He also feeds his cattle hay during Dec-April when the grass don't grow. At 10 acres per cow we'd use up half of all farmland in the US.

    By the way, look him up. He believes animals are merely machines with "no souls" to serve mankind. Have you ever seen the reaction of a mother cow when the calf is pulled away shortly after birth? Its heart-wrenching.

    Cows can live to 15years yet they a killed and eaten as essentially babies.

  15. factory farming is cruel and damaging to the environment. with new science we have now we can feed the world much better than ever.
    everyone can help. support your local farmer. check out their operation. consumers rule.
    if enough of us (vegans too) stop supporting mega factory farms they will change or die

  16. "In actuality" to use Salatin's language, the temperate rainforests of SE Australia (Gippsland in eastern Victoria) sequester more carbon than any other land use, natural ecosystem or cultivated man-made system, in Australia. So take what Joe Stalin says with a grain of self-interest.

  17. This is what Joel Salatin does so well.  He's a world class speaker on this stuff.  (But don't listen to him on farm policy, including the way it's moved us away from all of this.)

  18. Brilliant mind and compassionate man… so few like him who step up to point out the critical info and the betrayal of our elected government and it's offices that regulate our lives.

  19. I'm impressed! Not a big meat eater but now I want a cow. He is so right. Let the herbivore do its job and build the soil.

  20. As a way to stop desertification, it could work.

    But what if you start taking beef off the land and eating it a 1000 km further down.
    It would break the cycle.
    Nutrients would leak out of the system and would have to be replenished somehow.

  21. "Using" her. We should not be "using" cows. They breathe, feel and express emotion just like dogs, cats or even us. The future is animal product and suffering free. Just think about it.

  22. Such bull*&#% Nutrient dense food .Just curious how many of you have actually been on a farm… when you spread that 50lbs of surprise Betsy produces multiplied by how ever many more… doesn’t all stay on the land it ends up in the water ways ponds creeks.. As a child I swam in a pond with this runoff when you get out it’s on your skin and looks like chocolate milk… it’s also great to see he mentions McDonald’s and Burger king clever don’t forget to mention your sponsors!!

  23. Everyone needs to visit Ireland and New Zealand to see optimum grassland management for dairy cows, beef cattle and sheep. The top farmers can produce up to 17 tonnes per hectare or 15,000 lbs per acre.

  24. Unfortunately it's not practical to feed 7 billion people (and counting) by dedicating massive amounts of land to animals when we could be growing biologically diverse condensed gardens of vegetables on much less land.

    Why filter your nutrition through the flesh of an animal when you could just go directly to the source?

    Following a plant-based diet would eliminate a large amount of the world's health problems.

    To create enough pasture to raise enough meat to feed the entire human population requires a massive amount of ancient forests to be cleared off of the earth forever. Grass is far less valuable than these old ecosystems which have taken thousands of years to evolve to their current form.

    It's not possible to manage the natural waste created from the 70 billion livestock that we currently farm. As a result, it runs off into rivers and finds its way into oceans, severely damaging all of the ecosystems along the way and creating dead zones within the ocean.

    My final point to make here is that "blue zones" (locations on earth where the residing populations have the longest life expectancy) all follow a primarily plant-based diet.

  25. Some good points until he got to the nutrient dense foods. The most nutrient-dense foods are not herbivores. The most nutrient-dense Foods or not animals at all, they're absolutely plants not animals. Study up get it right buddy

  26. There's a YT Ted on this dude that set out to kill off a bunch of elephants to bring back the grass. It takes him 20-30 years to figure out that made it worse. It's similar to what this guy is trying to say. If anything, mono-crops should be suspect.

  27. Sure this model is very simple but cannot be done here in North America. There simply just too many “meat lovers” here. If we want to continue eating this way the entire land mass will be cows. We need to limit the amount of meat consumed drastically and we need to use cover crops and regenerative farming to build soil or bio mass. And protect the old growth grass lands.

  28. Don't need herbivore, bacteria and mycelium are the builder of the soil, animal actually doesn't really help, also tree with their leaf and small roots and tread with mycelium, they produce more carbon for the soil then the grass.

  29. Sadly for now the dystopian delusions of globalized veganism and lab-cultured meat get all the attention. It's vital that this message reaches the mainstream before we completely run out of soil to mine and fossil fuels to burn.

  30. The funny part is he didn't even mention all the health benefits that come along with eating grass fed animals they are the ultimate alchemists turning undigestible, to humans, grass into the most nutrient dense food on the planet, and as he did say nurturing the planet and the animals, so they don't have to live a terrible life.

  31. See vegans …. here is the solution, the solution is not abstaining from meat and deteriorating your body. Instead of growing 100s acres of soy and depleting the soil we should let the natural cycle of herbivores take place

  32. Well yes it would be more natural, but the deamand for meat is so high, there is simply not the space for all the cows to graze on pastures, or the quantity for pasture to feed them with it…
    There are simply too many cows and too litle land to make this a reality for all cows

  33. Grass is great , but, a little grain towards harvest makes a big difference in taste.Selective meat eaters are healthier and consume less than vegans.

  34. But again. Why do we have to go all that trouble just to comfort our pleasures? It's prooven that we don't even need meat.

  35. Big AG is doing Ag ALL WRONG. The USDA needs to be ABOLISHED and tried for CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY and ANIMALS and the EARTH.

  36. You seem to be implying that people have a problem with free roaming herbivores but no one does. The reason why the great herbivore is demonized, as you kind of put it, as a culprit of environmental damage and potentially anthropogenic climate change has to do with concentrated animal feeding operations (you finally allude to that near the end). They're so heavily industrialized with heavy concentrations of phosphorus, ammonia, nitrous oxide, etc pouring into our waterways and don't give way to anything that you're suggesting could be beneficial by grazing. Furthermore eating the herbivore prevents them from doing such things you suggest, as well as inflicting chronic ailments leading to 14 of the leading causes of premature death. And fostering a mentality of a violent culture. Lastly they are completely unsustainable for an exponentially growing population. We could easily feed 20 fold more people on a healthier more environmentally friendly an ethical plant based diet. Right now grazing uses over 80% of our agricultural land produces .19 gigaton of our total food intake. Meanwhile over 80% of what we eat is plant-based and only uses 6% of our agricultural land. Animal agriculture is very wasteful. That's the problem people have no one has a problem with them freely grazing in natural population sizes rather than in billions forced into existence and cramped into miserable corridors.

    "what if" we did something even better by not eating the cow but letting the cow do as nature intended as you suggest by letting it roam free and instead of eating the cow we ate a plant-based diet that would enable us to live healthier and not have to eat a cow? This would be far more resourceful sophisticated and potentially still online with everything you're trying to say.

  37. I totally agree except there's really no need to eat them or force breed them into existence. We are not carnivores in our physiological design. In fact we thrive far better on a whole food plant-based diet. So let the cows roam free and use that land that is freed up from not forced breeding them into existence for feeding the rest of the world with diverse plant-based whole foods.

  38. WHAT IF we finally realised that cows are not necessary in our diet?.. and left them alone instead.. not a necessary part of the cycle.

    you left that out old man!

  39. He talks about nature's choreography and presents solutions which are so simple but exactly exactly exact, only wisdom and experience can make such solutions possible. He not just saw but noticed the most obvious things that are very Easy to be ignored.

  40. He’s a farmer and not a climate scientist…even if you right off the methane gas and nitrous oxide, cattle drink one third of water (not from streams, rivers and lakes) but tap water and produce 120 lbs of manure per cow per day! There is nothing natural about 1 billion of one species of ruminant herbivore…leave the farm land to return to its natural state and re introduce the huge diversity of wild herbivores that once roamed it! Animal agriculture can not be justified!

  41. Most cows are not fed by gras, but buy soy, due to the lower nutritional value of gras. The Soy is responsible for deforastation and so is the land for cattle. This ted talk simply ignores scientific facts and information provided by the FAO. Additionally the land needed for feeding people on gras fed cows and diary products would simply take up to much space. This is not a solution to climate change and it is very dangerous to communicate it in this way

  42. My local butcher here in Australia was trying to upsell grain fed beef as "better" I told them they could do better if they advertised "grassfed meat" Many other people did it too. Now butchers here advertise grassfed meat. The big supermarket chains are still finishing their meat on grain. Time to buy less at supermarkets and grow more vegetables, herbs and fruit in your own backyard.

  43. Every talk of Joel's is about how much more efficient his system is than his neighbors. e.g. he is producing 5x more biomass with the same land. He provides other examples of how efficient his system is. Yet his beef is still 2-3 times as expensive as his neighbors. Why doesn't his massive efficiency gains translate into lower prices? If you want to help human kind find a way to make quality food less expensive.

  44. Joel made a excellent speech! Can you please turn on the community contribution? I would like to submit a subtitle (traditional Chinese) so that more people in my country can better understand this video.

  45. Why is an uneducated Child, Gretta Thurnburg Giving talks to Parliament around the world and at Davos….. but actual Scientists?? Just a 20 minute 3 year old video ignored by every "News" paper and Government.. why?

  46. check this short film "What I ate in 38 years" by Yuri A / R. Mond , he is Swiss and now follows a carnivore diet ​​@​

  47. This type of meat uses too much space. It's not viable. What if, instead of cows, we use the field to produce corn, for example, and feed directly to the damn humans?

  48. Yes its true. This is the best way to grow healthy cows and keep healthy pastures, but raising cows for food this way uses possibly 5 times as much land per pound of meat production as the standard method using feed lots, corn and soybeans which it totally not sustainable because there isn’t enough arable land on the planet. We continue to destroy tropical rain forest at an alarming rate to grow more burgers using the feed lot method all the time. This pasture raised cow method would destroy the planet even faster. Sustainable beef is impossible.

  49. FYI people corn is a grass and it sequesters carbon also…. the problem isn’t corn the problem is tillage and plowing… yes I raise corn no I don’t plow… but ask any big city person that doesn’t know anything they think what I do is bad…. yes everyone is gonna tell me I need cows and when that’s all taxed out the narrative will change and there will be a new scheme to tax hard working people

  50. When the headlines started beefing about beef, I told my wife, “A bunch of city slickers equating grass fed beef with feed lot beef”. For years, we raised cattle using multiple cross fencing. I’d laid out the pastures of our hundred acres so that they intersected in the middle where the corral and windmill were. Changing pastures was easy. There’s not a prettier sight than cows in belly high grass.

  51. In Denmark they grow 60-70% of the fields to product for feeding the cows and pigs….!
    Soon not a wild flower or a bee are allowed to be there. The right wings are the farmers party and they make sure the export of bacon to Europe and Japan is not challenged .
    But the political situation here has now changed-so there is a little hope for our small friends….

  52. Why does no one ever talk about composting? If you composted the richest 1000 people you’d sink literally tons of carbon and create a rich soil amendment, which can go on crops, meanwhile you’ve saved all the carbon from the global economy because now everyone only has to do 1/100th of the amount of labor they had to before (to subsidize the ultra-rich). A real positive feedback loop!!!

  53. I can't believe it. TED actually had a meat favorable presentation. They have plenty of vegan and vegetarian propaganda. I've read of paleo/primal heavy hitters trying to get an audience and they were ignored.

  54. Global warming "climate change" is 💩 We all make carbon dioxide which is plant food. Then the plants give us back oxygen. Preschooler stuff.

  55. Listen to his videos because they make a better place for us in this world and for our food or animal or livestock rather he is the most valid points I've seen out of anyone I don't think I believe much anyone besides him I've looked at many different kinds of data on what he's talking about and even in South America they're starting to do this in their own countries and they know of him even in Colombia and Ecuador Peru all these countries there are we doing when he's talking about they're talking about feeding their own people first we used to be the breadbasket of the world why we not that again…. we do these simple things like he's saying in this video it would make a difference in the world….

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *