American Mathematics Society | Wikipedia audio article


The American Mathematical Society (AMS) is
an association of professional mathematicians dedicated to the interests of mathematical
research and scholarship, and serves the national and international community through its publications,
meetings, advocacy and other programs. The society is one of the four parts of the
Joint Policy Board for Mathematics and a member of the Conference Board of the Mathematical
Sciences.==History==
The AMS was founded in 1888 as the New York Mathematical Society, the brainchild of Thomas
Fiske, who was impressed by the London Mathematical Society on a visit to England. John Howard
Van Amringe was the first president and Fiske became secretary. The society soon decided
to publish a journal, but ran into some resistance, due to concerns about competing with the American
Journal of Mathematics. The result was the Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society,
with Fiske as editor-in-chief. The de facto journal, as intended, was influential in increasing
membership. The popularity of the Bulletin soon led to Transactions of the American Mathematical
Society and Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, which were also de facto journals.
In 1891 Charlotte Scott became the first woman to join the society. The society reorganized
under its present name and became a national society in 1894, and that year Scott served
as the first woman on the first Council of the American Mathematical Society.
In 1951, the society’s headquarters moved from New York City to Providence, Rhode Island.
The society later added an office in Ann Arbor, Michigan in 1965 and an office in Washington,
D.C. in 1992. In 1954 the society called for the creation
of a new teaching degree, a Doctor of Arts in Mathematics, similar to a PhD but without
a research thesis.In the 1970s, as reported in “A Brief History of the Association for
Women in Mathematics: The Presidents’ Perspectives”, by Lenore Blum, “In those years the AMS [American
Mathematical Society] was governed by what could only be called an ‘old boys network,’
closed to all but those in the inner circle.” Mary W. Gray challenged that situation by
“sitting in on the Council meeting in Atlantic City. When she was told she had to leave,
she refused saying she would wait until the police came. (Mary relates the story somewhat
differently: When she was told she had to leave, she responded she could find no rules
in the by-laws restricting attendance at Council meetings. She was then told it was by ‘gentlemen’s
agreement.’ Naturally Mary replied ‘Well, obviously I’m no gentleman.’) After that time,
Council meetings were open to observers and the process of democratization of the Society
had begun.” Julia Robinson was the first female president of the American Mathematical Society
(1983–1984) but was unable to complete her term as she was suffering from leukemia.In
1988 the Journal of the American Mathematical Society was created, with the intent of being
the flagship journal of the AMS.==Meetings==
The AMS, along with the Mathematical Association of America and other organizations, holds
the largest annual research mathematics meeting in the world, the Joint Mathematics Meeting
held in early January. The 2019 Joint Mathematics Meeting in Baltimore drew approximately 6,000
attendees. Each of the four regional sections of the AMS (Central, Eastern, Southeastern,
and Western) holds meetings in the spring and fall of each year. The society also co-sponsors
meetings with other international mathematical societies.==Fellows==The AMS selects an annual class of Fellows
who have made outstanding contributions to the advancement of mathematics.==Publications==
The AMS publishes Mathematical Reviews, a database of reviews of mathematical publications,
various journals, and books. In 1997 the AMS acquired the Chelsea Publishing Company, which
it continues to use as an imprint. In 2017, the AMS acquired the MAA Press, the book publishing
program of the Mathematical Association of America. The AMS will continue to publish
books under the MAA Press imprint.Journals: General
Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society — published quarterly
Electronic Research Announcements of the American Mathematical Society — online only
Journal of the American Mathematical Society — published quarterly
Memoirs of the American Mathematical Society — published six times per year
Notices of the American Mathematical Society — published monthly, one of the most widely
read mathematical periodicals Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society
— published monthly Transactions of the American Mathematical
Society — published monthly Subject-specific
Mathematics of Computation — published quarterly Mathematical Surveys and Monographs
Conformal Geometry and Dynamics — online only
Representation Theory — online onlyTranslation Journals
St. Petersburg Mathematical Journal Theory of Probability and Mathematical Statistics
Transactions of the Moscow Mathematical Society Sugaku ExpositionsBlogs: Blog on Math Blogs
e-Mentoring Network in the Mathematical Sciences AMS Graduate Student Blog
PhD + Epsilon On Teaching and Learning Mathematics
Visual Insight Beyond Reviews: Inside MathSciNet==Prizes==
Some prizes are awarded jointly with other mathematical organizations. See specific articles
for details. Bôcher Memorial Prize
Cole Prize David P. Robbins Prize
Morgan Prize Fulkerson Prize
Leroy P. Steele Prizes Norbert Wiener Prize in Applied Mathematics
Oswald Veblen Prize in Geometry==Typesetting==
The AMS was an early advocate of the typesetting program TeX, requiring that contributions
be written in it and producing its own packages AMS-TeX and AMS-LaTeX. TeX and LaTeX are now
ubiquitous in mathematical publishing.==Presidents==
The AMS is led by the President, who is elected for a two-year term, and cannot serve for
two consecutive terms.===1888–1900===
John Howard Van Amringe (New York Mathematical Society) (1888–1890)
Emory McClintock (New York Mathematical Society) (1891–94)
George Hill (1895–96) Simon Newcomb (1897–98)
Robert Woodward (1899–1900)===1901–1950===
Eliakim Moore (1901–02) Thomas Fiske (1903–04)
William Osgood (1905–06) Henry White (1907–08)
Maxime Bôcher (1909–10) Henry Fine (1911–12)
Edward Van Vleck (1913–14) Ernest Brown (1915–16)
Leonard Dickson (1917–18) Frank Morley (1919–20)
Gilbert Bliss (1921–22) Oswald Veblen (1923–24)
George Birkhoff (1925–26) Virgil Snyder (1927–28)
Earle Raymond Hedrick (1929–30) Luther Eisenhart (1931–32)
Arthur Byron Coble (1933–34) Solomon Lefschetz (1935–36)
Robert Moore (1937–38) Griffith C. Evans (1939–40)
Marston Morse (1941–42) Marshall Stone (1943–44)
Theophil Hildebrandt (1945–46) Einar Hille (1947–48)
Joseph L. Walsh (1949–50)===1951–2000===
John von Neumann (1951–52) Gordon Whyburn (1953–54)
Raymond Wilder (1955–56) Richard Brauer (1957–58)
Edward McShane (1959–60) Deane Montgomery (1961–62)
Joseph Doob (1963–64) Abraham Albert (1965–66)
Charles B. Morrey, Jr. (1967–68) Oscar Zariski (1969–70)
Nathan Jacobson (1971–72) Saunders Mac Lane (1973–74)
Lipman Bers (1975–76) R. H. Bing (1977–78)
Peter Lax (1979–80) Andrew Gleason (1981–82)
Julia Robinson (1983–84) Irving Kaplansky (1985–86)
George Mostow (1987–88) William Browder (1989–90)
Michael Artin (1991–92) Ronald Graham (1993–94)
Cathleen Morawetz (1995–96) Arthur Jaffe (1997–98)
Felix Browder (1999–2000)===2001–present===
Hyman Bass (2001–02) David Eisenbud (2003–04)
James Arthur (2005–06) James Glimm (2007–08)
George E. Andrews (2009–10) Eric M. Friedlander (2011–12)
David Vogan (2013–14) Robert L. Bryant (2015–16)
Ken Ribet (2017–18) Jill Pipher (2019–20)==See also==
Canadian Mathematical Society Mathematical Association of America
European Mathematical Society London Mathematical Society
List of mathematical societies

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